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NiTSCHKE anos. 

Blank Booh Manulacturers. 

Published Monthly 
: 202 Broadmay. N. Y.. for $1 per Ye, 


ered 51 the Posi Office of New York 
N. Y . as Second-Class Mail Matter. 
Copyright. 1889. by 0. T AMES. 


V..L. XIV.-No. 1 

Pen Strokes that Count. 

,//./, <n ■ittrinfancc at the trml n» ii 

The )utc trial of J. Fnmk f'ollom for 
forgery tit Minne*ipoIi&. which ended in a 
disagreement of the 
jurv "ill ju8th rank ' 

among the celebiiitid 
(rimiml trials of this 
country The amouot 
involved in a •series of 
alleged forgeries of 
which this wa one 
iiggregttte*. little sliort 
of $300 000 This and 
the \\\f^\ position Mi 
f ollomhad preMoiisl> 
occupied in the coin 
munit\ both lu soeiul 
ind bu>*Hii s circle 
added to the trenien 
dons mteiests at stake 
b\ the banks and 
other parties. «Uo au 
holdeiN of the papei 
in question made the 
trial one of most sen 
sational interest 

Briefly told the stor^ 
of the alleged crime ih 
as follows 

Mr John T Blais 
dell one of the old 
pioueeis of the citv of 
Minneapoli who has 
iimas«!ed a great for 
tune in real estate lu 
thateitv Uadfoimerh 
employed Mr Collorn 
lis <0Dhdential att >i 
ne\ In that cnpatit) 
tlic latter had abuud 

signed by Mr. Collom individually and in- 
doi-sed by Mr. Blaisdell, were held by vari- 
ous banks and individuals. 

Mr. Blaisdell was astounded at these 

broke down lompletely, conffs^^ing that it 
was all forged and that he had forged it. 

This confession was given with detail as 
to the mnnner and e.\tent of the crime. 

"r JMiUtr "£ "^ia iftfflihi t ^'"^"'■^r^IT"*" Rcofr CC. ^trtisa^oftlle With mau^- teacs and much show oi peni- 

Minneapolis Businek College, was callM 
in as an expert and without hesita- 
tion pronounced the signatures forgeries. 
Circumstances pointed directly to Collom 

tence tlie guilty man signified at the tii 
his perfect readiness to be taken to the pei 
tentiary to suffer for his crime. 
The confession was testified to at the 





«i1l. 11. duadsof Ml 
BlftiMiell busines 

h trusted bv thi 

the buiiiiiess 
itv at larf,e 

\t different turn 
during the past few 
\cnr8 Mr Blai dtll 
acrommodattd M i 
< c Horn by iDdorvin^ 
nolCb amounting in all 
to sonic ten or fifteen 
I h usii ud dotlarv. 


r of ft bank with 
which he had deal- 
ings, Mr. Blaisdell 
was asked how much 
Collom paper he had 
out. He replied that 
tli:m ^iri.OOO, and wiui 

the end a patch-work of lies, woven at the 
suggestion of Mr. W. B. Anderson, Mr. 
RlaisdelKs sou-in-law, in order to protect 
Mr. Blaisdell by forcing the holders of th« 
popery compranme4h«frmTl(ih0c>(ln AJii'^ S* 
ruinous discount. The very nature of this 
explanation, of course, involved the crime 
of conspiracy to defraud his creditors, to 
say nothing of tlie morid perjury involved 
in the making of the 
original confession it- 
self, and even in the 
best light could only 
reflect dishonor on the 

A.S a supplement to 
this remarkable after- 
statement the presence 
of Mr. BlaJsduirsname 
on so nuich of Mr. 
Collom's paper was ex- 
plained as a mere 
matter of accommoda- 
tion, the claim being 
made that Mr, Bhus- 
dell was in the habit 
of indorsing notes at 
Mr. Collom's call and 
even in blank, leaving 
Mr. Collom tofiU them 
in to suit the emurgen- 
cie.s of his business. 

The paper in ques- 
tion was difltributcd 
among most of the 
banks and' mouey- 
leodcrs of Minneapo- 
lis, thus arraying the 
most powerful tinau- 
cial and even social 
interests of the com- 
munity in behalf of 

. /*M "'■ W. Hohftson. Harlottf, -V. C, {Phutu-Engravtd.) 

the a 

wl. Hia 

vietion of the crime 
would of course mean 
no more no"r loss than 
that the holders nt the 
paper would loss it, 
while the tfstablish- 
iiicot of his innocence 
would virtually stamp 

on the paper and make 
it coIIectaWe. The 
bauks, therefore, 
backed by their eoor- 
mous direct and col- 
lateral relati^s, were 
directly inlnfcstcd to 
the extent of tens of 
thousands of dollars, 
and the outcome of 
this was a Herculean 
endeavor not only to 
destroy the terrible in- 
criminating effect of 
Mr. Collom's voluii 
tarv confession, but to 


tonished to hear 
that that bank alone held paper larurely in 
excess of that sum. Of course an investi- 
yation was at once set on foot and it was 
found that notes aggregating $283,000, 

as the forger. A meeting resulle-d in which 
gentlemen representing Mr. Blaisdell and 
others reprcsentiug a bank holding a large 
amount of the disputed paper were brought 
in conference with Mr. Collom. When he 
was interroffated respecting the paper he 

trial in detail by witnesses of the highest 
standinu, and was not controverted by the 
defense in the alighteat iiurticular. To 
break its force the defense contended that 
this confession, which Collom admitted 
having made, was from the beginning to 


vpert tcsiiiiiony prcHenied agai 
enuineness of the signaturci and al least 
) make the gcnuinenes.-* of Ihc paper a 
Hitter of doubt. Four of the shrewdest 
wvers that could >>c found to undertake 
le conduct of the defense were employed. 

'fM^Tny: Pt.v: 



On the »tau(] Mr. Hlais<k'II of L-ourse 
denied having written tbc signature on 
which the iDdietmcnt was based. His eon- 
JD tiiw, Mr. Andereoo, denounced as false 
in every particular the explanation of Mr. 
Coll'^m, in which he alleged that his first 
confession was a tissue of falsehoods for 
the furtherance of a plan suggested by 
Mr. Anderson. Four experienced hnnd- 
writing experts and five bank cashiers 
pronoiiiieed the questioned signatures to 
be forgeries. The experts were W. E. 
Hagau, Troy. N. Y. ; Dr. H. L. Tollman, 
Chicago: Prof. C. C. Curtis, Miuueapo- 
lis, Minn.; and the writer. Against 
this mass of positive testimony were 
five alleged experts and seven bank 
officers (all but two of the latter 
personally interested in the paper in dis- 
pute) who declared the signature genu- 
ine. The trial lasted over four weeks and 
resulted, as has been stated, in a disagree- 
ment. Remarkable as this seems under 
the circumstances, outsiders can little ap- 
pretiiate the tremendous pressure that was 
exerted by the enormous interests directly 
affected by the result. This indictment 
was for the forging of a single signature, 
and upon purely technical grounds consid- 
eration of other disputed signatures wfts 
excluded from the case. There are still 
pending mimy indictments for forging and 
for uttering. Under the lattt-r heading 
the scope of the |>rosecution will be 
greotly enlarged as to the privilege of in- 
troducing various simulated signpturcs 
and in other material respects. With 
this advantage facts easily provable, 
but which were excluded from con- 
sideration in the former trial, will im- 
doubtedly be presented to the jury, and 
in spite of the enormous interests that are 
depending upon the ac<piittal of the ac- 
cused the State's attorneys are confident of 
a verdiet in accordance with the evidence. 

Ii is, of course, the expert part of the 
case in which we arc mainly interested. 
We present herewith a number of illus- 
trations which will be more specifically 
referred to in the course of this article, 
and which in some degree illustrate the 
chief points which led the experts for the 
State to thi'ir conclusion that the signa- 
ture in (picstion wjus forged. In examin- 
ing these cuts it must be taken into cou- 
sideration that they do not nicely repre- 
sent the fine points which may be seen 
in the signature itself, still in a general 
way the comparison instituted will per- 
haps he sufficiently intelligible to our 



Group No. 1 represents thi 
mittedly genuine signatures of Mr. Blais- 
dell. It will be noticed that the down 
strokes arc uniformly liroad. shaded lines. 
White they indicate a hand that is heavy 
and unpracticed, they are fairly uniform 
and consistent with each other and arc in 
all essential respects a harmonious family 

Group No. 2 represents three of the al- 
leged forged signatures. Compare the 
down lines in these with those in group 
one. It wilt be noticed that in this group, 
unlike the others, there is no uniformity 
of shade whatever, some being very bioad, 
while others are narrow and light. In 
this respect, therefore, they are jiatcntly 
inconsistent and inharmonious as between 
themselves, also when compared as a fam- 
ily group they do not at all fraternize with 
group one. Note the hard terminal lines 
as compared with those in group one. 
Note the light, wavy lines in the tirat 
stroke ou the «'s and //'s in group two as 
comi>ared with the heavy, firm corres- 
ponding lines in group one. Also the staffs 
of the rf"s in group one, which are single 
shaded strokes, while in the other (as is 
more particularly apparent upon examina- 
tion with a glass); they consist of light 
interlacing up-and-dowu Hne«, while the 
apparent shading is merely a flowing over 
of ink between these lin<s. 

The first signature of group three is a 
copy of the alleged forged signature which 
was the basis of the late trial. The five 
following are copies of genuine signa- 
tures of Mr. Blaisdell used for comparison 
by witnesses for the State. It was the 

rt matter of fact 
}, but it does not follow that 
a tracing would preserve the quality of 
the line, shading and many of the more 
delicate characteristics of the genuine 
signature, and it was upon most patent 

The Above are .id»iittrtHy (lennine i^ii/nalu 

'y I ' 

.1 / ^ 

■flic Mm-r are Mlajcit Fin 

Thi Aboye is Ihe Allegfll Foraeil Sigiiahiie o.i whifh llie Lair Trr 

r/ie Firsi nntl Last Sirinatnres in Group Four are Gpnuine, and wen; I'sftl by the Defrnse 
as Standnrfls to Prove the Oettiiinenesa of the Middle Sianntvre, which j> th^ Alleijed 
Foraery. Ohrionsly tlte Two Genuine StgnntttreJ) are Exceptionally Bad, being the Most 
Exaggerated of Over Ttoo Hundred from which they were Selected. 

opinion of these experts that 
the alleged forged signature was made by 
tracing it over a genuine signature, hence 
in its general appearance as to length, 
slant, 'spacing and outline of letters it would 
'necessarily conform to Mr, Blalsdell's 

discrepancies in these respects that the 

experts reached the conclusion beyond 
any sort of doubt that these signature* 
were spurious. 

As we have said, it is difficult to de- 
velop these points nicely by comparison of 

cuts, as of course the quality of line can- 
not be produced to represent nicely the 
effect in the original signature. If the 
reader Will take a piece of glhss, place 
upon it a signature written o-. ordinary 
non-transparent writing-paper and over this 
another piece of paper of the same quality 
and hold it up in front of a light, he will 
have no difficulty in seeing the general 
outline of the signature, and by taking pen 
or pencil can duplicate that signature pre- 
cisely as to general direction and outline. 
Two thicknesses of paper, however, will 
prevent even by the use of the strongest 
light the detection of all the little peculiar- 
ities of waver or tremor and the minute 
changes of direction that invariably occur, 
especially in such signatures as these in 
question; nor can he with any degree of 
accuracy simulate the quality of line which 
is an individual characteristic of every 
writer. Mr. Blaisdell-s signatures are con- 
spicuous for a certain tremor, as will be seen 
by reference lo any of them here presented. 
The artful frrger therefore in simtilating 
these signatures would not fad to try to 
-■simulate the frequent minor changes of di- 
rection which this tremor produces. As 
they are too minute and delicate to be 
simulated by tracing, he must rely on his 
Dwn ingenuity to put them in so as to re- 
semble the genuine. Now, it is in these 
precise particulars that the strongest points 
were made by the experts for the State. 
For instance, in the forged signature to 
which we have referred are noted eighty- 
seven distinct changes of direction or 
tremors. In the five genuine signatures 
that follow the changes of direction are 
twenty in the first, twenty-five in the 
second, fourteen in the third, thirty in the 
fourth and twenty-five in the fifth, making 
an average of 22g. Very decidedly then ' 
the forger overdid this matter of tremor. 
There is also to the expert's practiced eye 
just as wide a diffei-encc between the genu- 
ine and the spurious in the pictorial effect 
and in the quality of line before noted. 

The first and lost signatures in group 
four are gen line signature* selected by 
the def.'nse lis stimdnHK fn, rn„i|,:.rison 
with the luiildlr si-M , ulih I, IS Ihe 


■d foi 

written standards scleetLil liuin niuic Ihan 
three hundred of Mr. Hlaidsdell's sig- 
natures. They were written under ab- 
normal circumstances and represent the 
greatest possible exaggerations of Mr. 
Blaisdell's muscular infirmities of fingers 
and hand, which impart the more or less 
angularity of line tu his writing which we 
have noted. The casual observer might 
be deceived by the claim of the defens".* 
that the producer of signatures varying to 
such an extent as these might have written 
the particular signature on which the 
prosecution hinged; but to the expert 
such a claim is preposterous. While these 
two signatures are certuinly abnormal, a 
eritieal analysis and comparison firmly 
establishes the fact that they simply em- 
body ^reat exaggerations of the writer's 
peruliiiritits. There is nothing in them 
inconsistent mth these peculiarities either 
a,s to direction, slant, tremor or quality of 
line. They differ from Mr. Blaisdell's 
average normal signature just as men's 
expressions of countenance change under 
the sway of different emotions nnd phys- 
ical conditions, but this change does not 
shut out the individuality or destroy the 
likeness. In fact, no expert worthy of the 
name after an examination could fail to 
identify these as the products of the same 
hand that wrote the other genuine sig- 
natures given, while the middle signature, 
notwithstanding its superficial resem- 
blance to the genuine signature, caused 
by tracing, is in its finer points at absolute 
variance with the genuine writing in the 
particulars which we have euunierated 
above, and could not have been jiroduced 
by the same hand under the same eircum- 

A new trial is expected to be called in 
the course of a few weeks and doubtless 
the developments will be of gr.-at in- 

Lessons in Practical Writing.- 
No. 8. 


[Thet^e U»»oji», by one of the most popular 
and »ufCP*iiful Public Schools Writing 
Superintendents in America, will cover 
everp detail of teaching practical penman- 
»kip in the public achools. While pouesn- 
ing great value for the general student, 
they are absolutely invaluahle to the p\ib- 
lic acJiool writing teaclier, forming as tltey 
do an accurate and thor<mgh guide to the 
details of his work, step by step, through 
all the grades. The lessons were begun in 
The JovRNJ^hfor April,/romwhi^h time 
subscriptions may he dated if dedred. 
Single bach numbers, 10 cents each. — 
Ed. Jouenal. 

We have chosen only a few representa- 
tive exercises to illustrate that feature of 
our plan set forth in this and the preced- 
ing number of the The JointNAL. These, 
together with those embodied in the 
November lesson, constitute the substance 
of the second year's work. The first 
year's work was outlined, it will be re- 
membered, in the September issue. It 
■will be observed that the sliding feature is 
still retained, and also that moat of the 
exercises are so arranged as to admit of 
the lateral -movement preparation. Even 
when treating letters which caonot ad- 
vantageously be preceded by a "slide," as 
in the case of the T, F and P, the final 
slide is retained. Were it not for the 
consciousness of this coming slide, which 
can only be properly made with the hand 
standing, that the time allowed for the 
execution of the complete exercise is not 
sufficient to permit the pupil to drop his 
wrist when forming the letters, and to lift 
it igain to make the slide, and to finish on 
time, his wrist and hand would fall against 
his paper and the letters be drawn in the 
old Dainlul manner too familiar to our 
readers to need comment. We _do not 
deem it expedient to withdraw these pre- 
ventives until the time has arrived when 
pupils are prepared, both mentally and 
physically, to take up the muscular-move- 
ment exercises. These we introduce at 
the beginning of the third year. These, 
too, are executed in a manner and witli a 

the relation of the modified to the true 
form or of the pirts written to those 
omitted, and that the writing of each is a 
necessary preparation for the ultimate ex- 
ecution of the full-grown letter 

Number 3 embodies two sepaiate exer- 
cises, each of which when written alone 
extends across two columns, ^vith initial 

The object of the dotted lines in exer- 
cises 1. 3, o, 7 and 9 is too apparent to 
need explanation. 

The vi, Cand^mavbe treated as the 
T, F and P with final slide only after 
pupils become more experienced and 
skillfvd, yet in reality these require a 
semi " muscular " movement for their 

Exercises in Connection with Prof. Hoff's Lesson. 

x,strr'- . M 

and terminal slides, each of which has 
an approximate length equal to the width 
of one column (l^t inches). 

Exercises 5, 7 and 9 each embody 
three distinct exercises, the latter t-vo of 
which when written alone have a length 
equal to the width of two columns. In 
each of the above-mentioned exercises the 
preparatory lateral movements preceding 
the initial slide are identical with those 
already described in the September num- 
ber, under the sub-head '*Key to Count- 
ing," the object of which is therein set 

In exercise 5 the small i is placed before 
the / and the E to prevent widening their 

execution. The S, L, ff, B and R are 
better treated between slides. 

When first practicing the 7*, /^or/'the 
pupil simply borniws the stem of small t 
already learned ; later this is changed to a 
slight compound curve. Does any one 
pretend that this will prevent his making 
the complete stem later on ? 


Before proceeding further please re-read 
that portion of the September number re- 
ferring to time and counting or dictation^ 
The nature of the counting for the present 
series will thus be better understood, also 
to that portion of the same number 

ducing a distinct and penetrating, though 
not an irritnting, soimd. These posing- 
boards are found in erery room. The 
sound thus produced proportions the time 
for each stroke with a nicety of precision 
which can be equaled in no other way 
known to the writer. The more rapid or 
deliberate the rare of motion the more dis- 
tinct or subdued the soimd produced. It 
simply carries the sound, and is the same 
incentive to united action as the sound of 
the tread of well-trained feet when march- 
ing. Then, too, it relieves the teacher, to 
a great extent, of the verbal counting, 
which becomes very tiresome before the 

The nature of the motion preparatory 
to the writing of the ^ or ff correaponds 
to that of the initial curves, as indicatcvd 
by the dotted lines. For T, F and P %hp. 
pen is carried from the top to base and to 
the right twice before touching the pen 
to the paper, in a direction and with n 
speed corresponding exactly to that neces- 
sary for the execution of the stem and the 
slide; then without breaking the rythm of 
motion the exercise is written. 

The sign.ils or coimt for the capitals A, 
E, T, For P are the same whether written 
separately or as the initial letter of a 

Before writing exercises 3, 4, 6, 8 or 
10 the hand is carried across the three 
columns to be occupied by the exercise to 
make sure that the way is clear. 


You cannot fully understand the count- 
ing or signals without first re-reading the 
" Key to the Counting " in the September 

The length of time given to each pre- 
paratory motion slide or letter stroke will 
be indicated by the hyphens which sepa- 
rate the letters in the printed signals. 

Exercise One, First Arrangement.' — 
Count: "S-w-i-n-g, s-w-i-n-g, swing, 
ready, .sl-i-de, one " (spoken quickly), 
'■tw-o, thr-ee. f-o-u-rrr, sl-i-de." Second 
arrangement is the same, except that it re- 
quires two counts less. 

Exercise Two. — In writing exercise 3 
the D receives the same treatment as in 
exercise 1, after which a separate prepara- 
tion must be made before beginning the 
small letters. 

Exercise Three.— Count : "S-w-i-n-g, 
s-w-i-n-g, swing, ready sl-i-de, one, two, 
three, sl-i-de, one'* (■juickly), "two 
three" (quickly), "four" (quickly), "five, 

Exercise Four.— Count : "S-w-i-n-g" 
(across three columns and back), "one, 
two" (preparation for A), " three, four, 
five, sl-i-de, i, m, e, d, sl-i-de, dot." 

Exercise Six. — Count : " S-w-i-n-g, 
ready, one, two" (preparation), " E, 1, 
m, e, r, al-i-dc." 

Exercise Eight.— Count: "S-w-i-n-g, 
stem, down, sw-i-ng, again, down, sw-i-ng, 



.rjy .-/'--7::^^^?:7^^Z7^ 

y^/y^/y y^j-'/y .^/- y/-/y ^y^/y ypy^ ^ 



Standard Business Capitals. (Plwto-engraved from Copy Executed in the Office o/The Joornax.) 

speed which forces the hand to remain 

As stated in preceding numbers, when 
taking up new letters pupils are permitted 
to draft the full-grown standard letter a 
few times before attempting to irritc it, 
for the purpose of ntoring his memory with 
tnfntal copies of the true form, then the 
modified form of the letter or parts of the 
true form an- written between slides to 
prevent the band from falHogduring their 
cxeiiition. In all cases the pupil is taught 

tops. The oblique line tells pupils that it 
18 no part of the letter. The I is as- 
sociated with the S as a stepping-stone. 
The pupil finds it easier to regard the E 
as a fat / with a loop in its left side. 
When written between the t's it is easily 
widened by simply making the lower turn 
of the first wider. The i is placed before 
the .''*, L and O for similar reasons. 
Pupils are instructed to begin the loops of 
the last-named group as if beginning 
small I. 

found under the sub-head Key to the 

In addition to counting for the swings, 
whirls, slides and strokes when writing 
the isolated letters, or naming the lettera 
as they are being combined into words, 
the teacher sounds each stroke upon the 
posing-boivrd (called swinging- board by 
mistake in the November number). 

This is done by rubbing a metal-tipped 
pencil against its surface, as if actually 
writing thereupon. The board is turned 
so that the forward and back strokes are' 
made "crosswise of the grain," thus pro- 

write, down, sl-i-de, a, r, 
cap, one " (prepanition). 

.... , "-ng, 

write, down, sl-i-de, a, i, n, t, e. r, a, 
sl-i-de, around " (around stem), " onff; 
two, three, dot, cross." 

In writing exercises such as No. 6 we 
first write in column six, then five, four, 
three, two and'one, in order that the slide 
may not interfere with the execution of 
the letters. 




id(lrc?aB04l to B F. Ke 

Harvard in earlier voars produced more 

Nrriters of ability than all other American col- 

B put togethi 

Theix' is a revival in Boston of the question 
of Roman Catholic influence in the public 

An appropriation has been made for a nor- 
mal school at Greeley, to cost $110,000 and to 
acc'ommixlate 600 pupils. Construction will 

Mrs. Cfithpriiic Bnifc. of New York, has 
vcenllv pivn *.vi (kmi t/i Hai-vard Observa- 

Thr ...II I I'lii .1, ^.i Mm t,i-\v State of Wyo- 

mini;; mil..- |.l'■^l■ (..j- ■■ free elementary 

Bcbmils .-I L\ii y luuJ nud i,'rade, a university 
and such otht-r iii^titulions as may be neces- 

•Imitted that does 

ity ill Washington 

hiring the year at 

popular topic, to 

• free to everj'bMy by 

Profrasor Rodder: "Can you tell me any- 

tbinn about the Bahamas ?" 
Smart Boy: "Yes, sir. The Atlantic." 
It vras a Connecticut boy who sm-prised his 

teacher in reading the other day by njs inter- 

Sretatiou of the sentence, " There is a worm; 
o not tread on him," He read slowly and 
unhesitatingly: " There is a warm doughnut; 

" But that has T. X 
Brown: " Your |. 

his father takes away from the other boys. 

Miss Antique (schoolteacher): "What docs 
w-h-i-t-e spell .'" 

Class (no answer). 

Miss Antique: " What is the color of my 

Class {in chorusl: " Yellow ! "—jVeif York 
A little boy in a Camden school received bis 

" Now," snid the teacher, " you eon tell your 
grandiiii>ili. t t.. iiii:lii li.iw to spell 'ojc.'" 

"My -I hi'Imi..ii..i how tospellit," 
indiKii'i'i' 1^ I. I'll' I til. Iiiyal little fellow; 

Boy: "It means that the old man don't have 
much to say about the bouse." 

" Johnnie, what did the angel say to Abou 
Ben Adhem r" 

"Peek abou." 

" H'm, and what did Ben Adhem say ; " 


ill not lie, but the female flgun 

that wiU talk. Ii 

_. I foinilv I" whith i 
il.le daughter wiH puix-hawd 

Canvasser : " I have herp a work " 

Master of the house : " I can't read." 

Canvasser: " But your children " 

Master of the house : " I have no children 
(tiiumphantly). NotbiBg but a cat" 

*The Jonrnal^f In 

Public Schools of Hillsboro, Ohio. 

"The Journal has been the means of se- 
curing for me a position as special wiiting- 
■ - ' ■■■ * ' So far I 

sand The 
"accept all the credit." — F. 0. 
I^itnam. Logan, Iowa. 

Do fbe HIeli Schools Tcac-li Sliort- 
Hand t 

Mr. W. A. Moulder, of the Adrian Col- 
lege, Adrian, Mich., calls The Journal's 
attention to the following statement in ftn 
article by John Robertson recently pub- 
lished in the Phonographic World, and re- 
produced in last month's Journal: 

" At the present time a large percentage 
of our high schools of the country have 
added short-hand as a part of their curric- 

Mr. Moulder doubts the accuracy of 
thisi statement and calls for proof. His 
observation has been that not one in fiftj 
of our high schools tench short-hand. 

Sfiott'-fiaiib ^cpathuGut 

AU witter iiitrndn) Tnr this <hp.,rtme„t 
{incUuliiig short-hand cj-ch^tngen) should "he 
xent to Mrs. L. H. Packard, 101 East 23(Z 
street, New Yorl: 

We frequently have letters asking if the 
short-hand department of TnE JoDRN.Ui 
will be continued. The reply has been 
that so long as there was evidence of a 
vigorous demand for this feature it would 
be kept up. Many of The Journal's 
fritinV hji\t a!si. written from time to 
tiiii. ^HLi^'rviiii:^' tliiit this department be 

"The grcutrst good to the greatest 
number ■' is a good rule of action in such 
cases. The Journal appeals to every 
subscriber who is interested in this de- 
pai'tment and to every one who is inter- 
ested in short-hand of any system to send 
name and address at once, with any sug- 
gestions ns to the continuance or modifica- 
tions of its short-hand features. The re- 
plies to this appeal should determine what 
proportion of The Journal's subscribers 
take the paper for its short-hand depart- 
ment and will doubtless influence the 
future of this department. If you are in- 
terested write at once. 

Individuality In Type-Writing. 

a very diflicuU matter to shut them 
out. These are most pronoimced in 
the opening and closing portions, but 
by no means confined to them. Xo 
matter how original a person's mind 
he will find difficulty in inventing 
fresh combinations of words to express 
certain conditions that recur with great 
frequency in every business. In a word, 
the most fluent dictators have certain stock 
expressions which they "syndicate" more 
or less to correspondents at different points. 
They could not do otherwise without cir- 
cumlocution and labored effect, so that the 
use of certain words and word combina- 
tions becomes to them a second nature. It 
would be almost tis difficult for a person 
in the habit of dictating correspondence 
to dictate a letter in simulation of any 
other person's dictated letter — one that 
would stand critical tests — as it would to 
successfully simulate a page of the other 
man's writing. 

Wanted— a Type-Writer 

"I am always the one that gets left." 
complained a rapid and correct operator to 
a reporter for the A'ew Torh Tribune. " I 
went early this morning to answer an ad- 
vertisement for a type-writer, and thought 
I should he the first one in the office, but 
the advertiser told me he was already 

'* Possibly he told jou a story," thought 
her heirer, glancing at the disappointed 
girl — a girl with a turkey egg complexion 
anu hair that would set unkind persons to 
speaking of white hoi'ses; a girl with 
half her teeth gone and the remaining 
half discolored ; a girl with square shoul- 


^ 5J/{ A^P^^^^^/i/f 


{*' Si- INi TNE WORLD. 'y, ""''"^ 


^''- EXPENSES L3W' '' J- -L^^^^i-l^ ^ " 

JjlT^TlOMS I^ROCV/f^S^FORALL pupils when COMPtrENT. 

We have no special information on this 
point, but rather incline to Mr. Moulder's 
view. Perhaps Mr. Robertson will en- 
lighten us. Meanwhile how many of The 
know of high schools 
is taught ? 

One evening 

rpid on llio Rc^fUler. 

tall and spar 

[»here, cautiously 

Uijiit- rbvt In,'-' iii.|uiiv.l Ml./ would-be 

:>i{;ii your name,,'' was the reply. 
. ve got a lady with me. It's my wife— 
e just got married," was the faltering ra- 

ise of Professor 
ivhich is adver- 
. Company, of 

We have beard much i 
Day's new short'hand b. 
tised by the Bun-o 

works, will undoubtedly rt-ach 

John Watson, Cantonsville, Md.. the weU- 
known short-band writer and teacher, has de- 
vised a plan whereby each purchaser of the 
text^book of his system joins " -■' 


t of postage. Mr 

enthusiastic in commending him as a teacher. 

\iM I' I- .'I .It ,. ili;ii- with the 

wnrk (if iwn or luon- imianuenses will 
not question the soundness of the above 
claim. While obviously not so pro- 
nounced as pen peculiarities, the type- 
written letter in nine cases out of ten 
bears internal evidence sufficient to es- 
tablish the identity of the amanuensis who 
wrote it. Points ot difference will crop 
out even in the work of pupils at the 
same school, where certain rigid rules are 
laid down for the guidance of all. These 
points are strongly developed in the 
method of arranging date line, address, 
complimentary closing and signature, 
when that is put in by the machine. In 
fact, the amanuensis is not entirely a 
machine, and individuality is sure to 
assert itself in one way or another. 

It is also true that Lot only may the 
operator be traced by the peculiarities of 
the letter's structure, &c., but the person 
who dictated the letter may easily be de- 
lected by one entirely unacquainted with 
him with the aid of standards for com- 
piirison. With most persons who dictate 
a considerable correspondence certain 
stereotyped expressions %vill formulate 
themselves, as it were, and it is 

ders and the voice of a file. How was the 
advertiser to know that here was a type- 
writer who would identify herself with 
her employer, and attend conscicotiously 
to all her office duties? How i\,l- he lo 
know that "in a book of moral l»-;iiit\ shr- 
might have her portrait painted ;U full 
length ? " 

•'I am always the one who is taken," 
observed another girl, one "stylish" 
enough to paw for being pretty, and one 
who, in the language of the bread-winner, 
could always speak up for herself. "I 
leave a place directly I find that things 
there are not going to suit me, because I 
know I can step into another within a 
week. I am not such an awfully fast 
writer either. I can, on a spurt, go as 
high as eighty words a minute, but usually 
I write about fifty— that's enough, dear 
knows ! No, I don't work steadily all the 
time I am in the office. Sometimes I 
carry on half the day with the other ^rls, 
the girls who are addressing circulars by 
hand. My pre-sent boss — well, employer, 
then— sends out just 1,000,000 circulars 
every winter, and that keeps a lot of girls 
busy for a few months. Tliey are awfully 
envious of me, some of them, because mv 
place is a permanent one, while they will 
have the grand bounce as soon as the 
circulars are all sent out, and besides ray 
working hours are shorter than theirs, 
and I earn just twice as much as most of 
them do. One of the girls— she isn't a 
girl, cither, but an old woman, thirty-five 
at least — tried my type-writer at recess 
the other day and it seemed to do her ao 
much good to show me how much neater 

her work was than mine — as if it matters 
a pin about the letters being all on a line 
and the wpaces of the same width. It 
seems to sxirprise her that she can- 
not get a place as type-writer, as 
she 1ms a certificate from somewhere 
to show that she is competent. I don't 
tell her so, but she is too old, for one 
thing; hardly anybody would employ a 
type-writer over thirty. Why should that 
be the dead-line? Well, I suppose it 
is because women are set in their ways 
after they are out of their twenties and 
think thcv know it all. The giri— I mean 
the old maid— I am speaking of had a 
place- yome time back, and she told it her- 
self that sometimes, when her employer 
would be dictating to her, she would 
stop him and tell him how the let- 
ter could be better worded. Did 
you ever hear of such cheek ? Why, 
if my b — employer said nothing 
but *'High-diddle-diddte,' Fd take it 
down just as he said it. It's my 
fingers he wants, not my brains — sup- 
posing I had any. One day this person I 
am talking about heard me scolded be- 
cause I had written to a customer that wo 
had no more goods of a certain kind, and 
in a hurry had spelled ho, k-n-o-w, just like 
the other hww. She was delighted at 
catching me in the mistake, and didn't 
let me hear the last of it until I said- 
'Well, madam, I n-o know how to get a 
place as type-writer, and earn $13 a week, 
while you earn only $5 with your poky 
addressing,' It is silly, isn't it, to laugh 
at a girl because, when she is rushing 
through with her work, she doesn't al- 
ways spell like Daniel Webster. Noah, 
was it 1 I thought his name was Daniel. 

' ' At the type-writing school they used to 
tell me that my ignorance of punctuation 
would keep me back, but I am not both- 
ered much about such matters ; if I sprinkle 
a few commas here anu there as I go alonE; 
my employer seems to be satisfied. I have 
heard stories of drtadful tonsc(]UCuccs 
from misplacing one's stops, but I dou't 
let them trouble roe, being convinced they 
are all my grandmother. Leaving out a 
comma is Very different from leaving out 
a ' not.' I have done that more than once 
and it has got me into hot water. Capitals 
are the trouble with some girls, but my 
employer h;is given me only one rule about 
them, "and it is easy io remember; the first 
day I wrote from his dictation he said to 
me: ' When in doubt, use a capital. Capi- 
tals out of place will be forgiven; but 
small letters, never.' 

' ' No. mine isn't brain-work ; it is hand- 
work altogether, and there is a lot of 
sameness about it. Some days I have to 
write the same fibs to a dozen different 
customers, and it becomes so uionotonous 
that I nearly go to sleep over it. Doesn't 
the pricking of fonscieoce keep me >i\vake ? 
Well, I should like to know what my em- 
ployer's fibs have to do with my conscience. 
He invents them, and I, who only follow 
dictation, am not supposed to know that 
they are fibs. I do know it. though, and 
if I were his Sunday-school teacher I might 
sometimes feel it my duty to ask him 
where he expects to go when he dies, but 
thank heaven ! I am only his type- 




Type-writei operators speak highly of a 
device for cleaning the type of their ma- 
chines, known as "Boyd's Automatic 
Type-Cleaner." It may be quickly ad- 
justed without touching the ribbon, and as 
the types are cleaned by simply striking 
the keys there is no more likelihood of 
soiling the fiogers during this proceeding 
than when operating the machine 

Selby A. Moran, principal of the Steno- 
graphic Institute, Ann Harbor, Mich., and 
well-known short-hand author, has pub- 
lished a dictionary designed for type- 
writer operators. The work gives the 
proper spelling and the proper syllable di- 
visions of most of the words encountered 
in ordinary amanuensis work. We hear 
that one or more of the great type-writer 
companies intend giving a copy of this 
dictionary with every machine sold 

Short-hand journalism is booming. 
Pernin's Monthly Stenographer. Detroit. 
Mich., is the new official exponent of the 
Pernin system, drawing its wisdom from 
the fountain-head. The first number, pub- 
lished last month, is a clear-cut little paper 
of sixteen pages, four of them devoted to 
short-hand script. The price is $1.50 a 
year or fifteen cents for a single copy. 

The present month is to bring forth a 
second short-hand periodical in Melton^a 
Shnn-Duployan Shor(- Hand Journal, Kan- 
sas City. This is a pretty long title for a 
short-hand journal, but Editor W. O. 
Melton doesn't care a rap for a trifle of 
thai sort. The publishers announce that 
thev will begin with an edition ot 5000 

-^-|-?-.:.if- ^..-.^.l^r' 


the leading part. An accompanying letter 
soliciting adwrtisements makes no doubt 
that we "will remember that its con- 
ductor, Mr. Dement, is known the world 
over as the greatest living exponent of the 
short-hand writing." This Ts n great deal 
to give for the subscription price, #2 a 

To J. H. r.. Montreal— To print the 
"short-hand alphabet " in connection with 
advanced reading-lessons would do you 
little or no good, since the simple stems 
undergo many modifications. You must 
thoroughly familiarize yourself with all the 
simple forms and their modificatioDS, us 
well as the principles that underlie these 
changes. There is no easier way and 
there is no other way. 

The World We Live In 

.1 Kty 


and pledge themselves to inciease it as I Mr. Isaac S. Dement at the helm. The 

the demand grows. Price $1 a year. prospet^tua of this magazine reveals a 

Hereisstill another, theiV(i/M>n«iS(e»off- unique title-page, in which an unclad 

rapher, Chicago, due this month, with 1 young man fondling a sea serpiot sustains 

He scolds the most (of the) way. lie can- 
not afford the time nor the money, and he 
(does not) believe the entertainment (will 
be) much, (after all). The music begins. 
The audience is thrilled. The orchestra 
with polishtd instruments warble aud 
weep aud thunder and pray — all the sweet 
sounds (of I he woiUl) flaring (upon the) 
( viol) and wreatbiniithetiageolets, and 
breathing (from the) lips (of the) cornet, 
and shaking their flower-bells (upon the) 
tinkling tambourine. 

He sits motionless and disgusted. He 
goes home saying: "(Did you sec) that 
fat musician that got so red blowing that 
French horn ? He looked like a stuffed 
toad. (Did you ever) hear (such a) voice 
(as that) lady hfs? Why. (it was) a per- 
fect squawk !" (And his) companion 
says: "Why, (my dear) ! There, (you 
needn't) (tell me) (you are) pleased with 
everything, but never ask me (to go.^ 
again ! " He goes (to church). Perhaps 
the sermon is didactic and argumentative. 
He yawns, he gapes, he twists himself 
(in his) pew and pretends (he is) asleep 
and says: "(I could not) keep awake. 
(Did you ever) hear anything so dead? 
Can these dry bones live?" Ne.'^t Sabbath 
lie enters a church where the minister is 
much given (to illustration.) (He is) 
(still more) displeased. Heaays: "How 
dare that man bring such things into his 
pulpit? He ought (to have) brought his 
illustrations (from the) cedar of Leb- 
anon (and the) fir tree, (instead 
of the) hickory and sassafras. He 
ought (to have) spoken (of the) Euphra- 
tes (and the) Jordan, and not (of the) 
Kennebec and Schuylkill. He ought (to 
luive) mentioned Mount Gerizim, (instead 
of the) Catskills. Why, he ought (to be) 
disciplined. (It is) ridiculous." Perhaps 
afterward he joins the church. Then the 
church will have its hands full. He growls 
and groans and whines all the way up (to 
the) gate of Heaven. He wishes (that the) 
choir would sing differently; (that 
the) minister would preach differently; 
(that the) elders would pray differently. 
(In the morning) (he said): "The 
church was as cold as Greenland," 
(in the evening), " (It was) hot as blazes.'' 
They painted the church; he (did not) 
(like the) color. They carpeted the aisles; 
he (did not) (like the) figure. They put 
in a new furnace; he (did :int) (like the) 
patent. He wriL'iHf- f.n.l ^,,mrmH and 

iretsand ste«^ .-^i r.- i ~. If. He 

18 like a horse 111 . I i- > im I uneasy 
(to the) bit, worn. ■ L) lather 

and foam, whik ihi L ..i-. hi;- ii"l betide 
him, he just pulls straight uliead, makes 
no fuss, and comes (to his) oats (in peace). 
Like a hedge-hog, (he is) all quills. Like a 
crab that (you know) always goes (the other 
way) and moves backward (in order) (to 
go) forward, and turns in four directions 
all (at once), (and the) fiist (you know) 
(of his) whereabouts (you have) missed 
him, and when (he is) completely lost 
(he has) got you (by the) heel — (so that) 
the first thing (you know) (you don't 
know) anything— iiiid (while you^ expect- 
ed (to catch) the r, ,i. II.. . I ,h. ilehesyou. 
Some men areM ,' - i . i: i l.ell and 
obstinacyaud*.]!" > \ ■■■■ 'i'-ee)how 

(he is) (to gel I mi.. II. . ■. .n i;-.i,-. he goes 
in backward, and then there (will bo) 
danger that (at the) gate (he will) try (to 
pick) a quarrel with (Soint Peter). Once 
in (I fear) he (will not) (like the) music 
(and the) services (will bej too long, and 
that (he will) spend (two or three) years 
in trying to tind out whether the wall of 
Heaven is exactly plumb. (Let us) stand 
off from such tendencies. Listen for 
sweet notes (rather than) discords, pick- 
ing up marigolds and harebells in prefer- 
ence to thistles and coloquiutida, cultur- 
ing thyme and anemones (nither than) 
nightshade. (Let us) leave it (lo the) owl 
to hoot, the bear (lo growlj (aud the) 
grumbler to find fault. Tai.mage. 

W. H. Patrick. 

Tlie subject of this sketch was born id 
Bowmansville, Erie- County. N. Y., April 
15, 1^57. H)» early education wrk secured 
in thf district scliool of his native town, 
and w)Ui suppleinented by a college pre- 
paratorv course in the lii^h school at 
Clarence. N. Y. During 1874-5 he at- 
tended the Genesee Wealeyiin Seminary 
located at Liraa, N. Y., where he studied 
book-keeping and took lessons in peninon- 
shi|), making unusual progress in the lat- 
ter branch, and acquired the taste for the 
commercial branches and the dctire to 
become a commercial teacher that di- 
rected Ilia sul>8c<]Ufrnt action and gave the 
trend to his life which led him on and up 
to his present high standing as a teacher. 

He began his teaching of penmanshif) 
as hundrciK of I lit- licst teachers of the 
conn 1 1 > 111 I .- 1 1 ,1 hi ni^by traveling 
arouinii! iiiizing rlasses for 

shori I I- rii-nce seemed to 

stimiil.'iM III- mil , iitkI in the spring 

of IH77 Ik- iippli.d for iind secured an ap- 
pointment as sfjecial teacher of penman- 
ship in the public schools of Lynns. N, Y. 
This soon appeared to him too small a 
field. His ambition pictured to him a 
wider hori/on of usefulness, and encour- 
aged him that with greater opportunities 
would come added capabilities; hence in 
the spring of 1878 he resigned, after a 
most successful engagement of one year, 
and left Lyons to complete his commercial 
training in the Rochester Business Univer- 
sity, After pursuing a course m the 
Roehoster Business University he wns re- 
tained as teacher of -penmanship and the 
theory of book-keeping, in which poaitiou 
he gave great satisfaction and made a host 
of friends. He remained in Rochester 
about two years, when he was tendered 
the superintendency of the penmanship 
department of Sadler's Bryant & Stratton 
Business College, Baltimore, Md , and as 
it was somewhat of a promotion from the 
subordinate position he was occupying in 
the Rochester Business University, the 
proprietors of that institution advised him 
to accept it, although they would have 
been pleased to retain him. Before enter- 
ing upon his duties in Baltimore he spent 
a short time with P. R. Spencer, in Cleve- 
land, Ohio, perfecting himself in some 
features of penmanship. 

Mr. Patnck has now been in Baltimore 
in charge of the penmanship department 
of u large school more than ten years. 
His retention these many years in so im- 

Stouffer, tvr the 

We have also been having a big r 

of that city. The illustrations comprise hun- 

The Penman's Art Journal, 

Note. — For romphtr prrwiitm Hnt f»r 
1890, Keiul ten ernU ittampn Jar Deeeinlter 
Journal. The lint cmtainB Jnr hretetl- 
loading gum, riJUn, waUhet ami other me- 
fnl iirttclfH. Thf fhllowing Iht conUtiux 
'dl »t>ir rnjiihir /m mh/mii and mott of uiir 
jiojnihtr hoiih /ii-riiiiinus, hut hy no menus 



choice of the roUowinu elegant preinfums /r**: 

Lord's Prayer Slze1Ax^4 

Flourished Eagle " 24 x a-j 

Plourlshed Stog " £4 x »',■ 

Centeonial Mclure of Progress " 24 x -i8 

Grant Memorial _ " is x^h 

Garfield Memorial ., •• 19x21 

Kamily Record • 18 x -'J 

Marriace Certiflcaie . . '• 18 x ^j 

Grant and l.liicoln Eulotty <our newest 

Petimanship Premium) •' S4 x W 

These premiiuna are without etceptiOD careful 
reproductioasot soineof tliemost elezant speci- 
mens of peaworlc ever shown in this counlry. 

Inplace or anyof the above, a subscrilK-r reniii- 
hngSl r.rTHE Joi'hXal may receive ns preminrn 
apacKaneof .^mcji' Copy NWps. oracopy of vlmcs' 
(iiiide to f^actieaf and Artigtic Penmanahit,. 
bound in paner, or the same in cloth binding tor 
*1. 5. Both the Guide and Copy .Slips have 
reached a iieniendous sale, and are tnuQht fr m 
Id some of the leadiug business colleges and clus- 
Nical sfhonis of this country and f'anada. They 
■ ■ iitaiu everything ntcesaarv to make a gofui, 
jirEictii.ii h<isiiie>s penman of a person of averuRe 


iide i 

Special Premiums for Clubs. 

To cumulate tho^e who inl^reat tbemselv.'s in 

ifettine subscriptions fo 

r Toe JoirRNA 

L weofl 


pay them for their time 

an<l t ouble 


above, the extra premium (TOiag to the sender if 
the club. Where premiums are sent by express 
Uie receiving party will have to pay the express 

For $2 we will senf* two subscriptions and an 
extra pri'iuium of jHies" Guide in clotb. 

For $10. lensnbscriptions anda copy of AWfn' 

nized as the standard. Is $! 
sent it with a dub or /iceff 
Send %\ fur one N 
vltlk reeular promli 
end >'oii, puftt-paid, 

We have herpt 
iW NiibHerlpi 


I'll!:: ' 

Hi pr. 

To get: any of tbese f^peclal premiums with a 
reneual. the price is $1.25 for the 50c, books and 
£1,16 f r the cheaper ones. 

^^ Where boolts specified are bound in two 
ways, the best binding will be sent unless otherwise 


Rowton s Complete Debater. 

'U'^ 14)1 1 I- r J I iblifhed and especially 
ii u( ihiiercat literary work. 

)ionaiit a position affords abundant proof 
that lie hiLs become as a teacher just what 
his anibiinm encoumged him to hope and 
just what his friends saw every reason to ex- 
pect. His affability, fidelity "to the pupils' 
welfare, abiding faith in" the value of 
training for commercial life and his ei- 
cewlinp efficiency as an instructor con- 
stitute a very rare combination of quiiUties 
—rharact eristics "which. I am happy to 
sitiie. his employer fidly appreciates. 

Burdett's Heroic Recitations and 

^j Readings.-^' 

Fbr Tuw iVou 
Family Cyclopedia t 

iplciidid clotb-and-yold bound li'mo volume of M4 imgea. with 273 beautiful engnivings. 
1 Indlspenftnble volume of ri-fereiice for information iibout fverythinif, iind < 
■■iiiai- iireiniiiiue lust year. 


A Library of Fiction at a Nominal Cost. 

:oniplelc Works Mid One Year's Subscription for THE 
JOURNAL (with regular Premium) for only $1.75. 

|^°The subscription must be a new 
iioy other present subscriber. For |i3 wo ' 
or extend your subscription for one year, 
special premium for a ctub of four (each 
of $1 for eadi subscription. Your own 
be iacluded in this club of four. 

me — not your renewal, nor tbe renewal of 
vill send you the complete works and renew 
Or, we will send the complete set free as a 
with regular premium), at our regular price 
renewal, or .wtcnsiuu of sulis('ri[)ti<»n, may 

uprises : 


Fifteen separate volumes, cumprising opcr 5300 piif/fti of rending matter, clearly 
printed and attractively bound in substantial paper coveis. The above cut represents 
the appearance of the vuluraes without the slightest exaggeration. The set will under 
no circumstances be broken, Thei 










Dickens' Works are the most 
The popularity of Dickens is ever 
of his works. Charles Dickens is 
teem with shafts of sparkling wit, 
are original and real as well as quaint and grotesq 
The lights and shadows of life are delineated in 
own a complete set of his incomparable books is 
mine of interesting literature. No person is well 

■Id-famous works i 
widely read of any novels printed in any language, 
increasing and every person should own a full set 
eminently the novelist of the people. His books 
touches of pathos, thrusts of satire ; his characters 
; he unmasks vice in all its forms, 
thrilling and dramatic style. To 
> be |)os5essed of an inexhaustible 
u\ wlio hn 

: per 

Another Great Offer of Standard Works. 

Ai/zJ^t A^>^ 

Instead of Dickens' Criinplete Works we will send 
the CMiipl.-tc set of the 

Peerless Waverly Novels 

on the same terms that the Dickens' Works are offered 
above. This gives a choice of the two moat widely 
read and most popular scries of novels ever published — 
both mostertul, both wholesome and elevating. The 
complete list of the Waverly Novels is as follows ; 




0. ROB ROY, 











•21. Wl 



'Iliese works in our set are made into twelve handy and attractive 12mo volumes. 
Scott's masterful delineation of human character and depiction of marvelous scenes 
from common life have never been surpassed. His works are singularly and strikingly 
original. A complete set of THE WAVEIILY NOVELS should occupy nn honored 
place in every library. Heretofore the price has been so high as to place these match- 
less volumes beyond the reach of people of limited means. 

ANOTHER OFFER.— We will send both Dickens' and Scott's works as 
special premiums for a club of seven (each with regular premiums) or for a clnb of six 
without the regular premiums. 

<-t'-m-v -^ 


The illustrations on this |)afjc tell the stort' 

years ago. Ever)- year TiiK Joukxai, has prese '^i 

out of which, with appropriate remenil)rance of I*"! 

has developed and is here presented uiih the bi" *1l 

"« Alt 1 ^JOIKVAI. 


• // / //^^/ - 


the years since The Journal's birlli— thirucn 
d one or more ornamental New Year's Designs, 
e present season, this composite pictorial history 
>f wishes. 


-/v ^ ^ 

PENMAN'S Art Journal 

pjt, 80 «n(* per lumjtan 

No advertisein 

Subsrription : One ymr »1 ; one nitmber 10 
cents. No freti samples except to bona fide who are mbitcribers, to aid t/iem in 

lakinq nibicriplUi 

Foreign suburriptions (d 

tnl t'nion) $\.^ per year. 

fremtum Hit on t' 

New York, Janunrr, 1890. 

:<h by L. L. Wll- 


Initial (Zoner) 

Artistic Speclmeru 


The Best Penman («. \V. WHllBcel.. 

Ornnniental i' 

1 (F. S. Pelletti 

PriendB— Comic . 

OOMING 18 the word 
that beat expresses the 
condition of the West- 
ern Penmen's Associa- 
tion, according to brief 
reports from Des Moi- 
nes, where the aunuiil 
convention has just 
y closed. 


d The Jophna 


fifty-one mem' ers in attend- 
id a great time all around. 
The new officers are C. N. Crandle, presi- 
dent ; A N. Palmer, vice-president ; 
W. F. Giesseman, secretary; J. B. Duryeii, 
treasurer ; A. F. Stolebarger, assistiiut 
secretary; G. L. NetMeton, chairman, and 
€. N. Faust, n member of the Executive 
<'ommittcc. The U'-xt meeting will he 
held at Peoria, 111. The cream of the 
proceedings of the late convention will lie 
given in The Jouknai. for February. 

Is ADWiTiON to the diverse and elaborate 
ornnmeutal designs given in this issue we 
were compelled to omit at the last moment 
New Year's offerings by A. IC. Dewhurst 
and n. F. Williams. Botli of these de- 
signs were engraved for the purpose, but 
there is u limit to everything, and it was 
found at the last moment that they could 
not be used to advantage in this issue. 
We shall show them ne.\t mo"th, with 
other handsome specimeus that had been 
space and were omitted for the 

mouths ago and 
proeeedings in- 


on adjourned six 
to have had the 


haven't. Of course it really 
doe.s not matter, because The 
JrtiRNAL gave the juice of the 
proceedings before the Educa- 
tors had fairly got home from 
the meeting. It would eeem 
that if there were any good 
rciuon for putting these pro- 
ceedings in book form, .some 
jpay ought to be devised to 

get them from the press before the whole 
thing gets cold and the teachers are 
thinking about the next meeting No 
one bhinies Secretary McC'ord for tin- delay 
and no ouc regrets" it more than he, but. 
really, where is the* hitch ? While we are 
on the subject it may not be inopportune 
to inquire if there is any real demand for 
a verbatim report of the proceedings and 
from whom such demand comes. 

We HAVE LONO KNOWS that Brother L. 
L. Williams, of Rochester, shines as an 
educator and an educational author, but 
his claims to eminence as a biographer had 
not come to our attention so sharply as 
when reading his sketch of Brother Patrick 
on another page. Plain, crisp, business- 

a club of 43 from Principal E. C'. A. 
Becker, of Becker's Business College. Wor- 
cester, Mass. Close behind isW. H. ('urtiss, 
of Curtiss' Business College. Minneapolis, 
with 37. Some of the other clubs are- 
Twenty-five from J. B. Uuryea, Iowa 
B. C, Des Moines; 18 each from A. R. 
Birchard, Snell's B. C, Norwich, Conn.. 
Fielding Schoffeld, Gem City B. C. 
Quincy, 111.. W. F. Giesseman. C. C. C. C, 
Dps Moines; 15 from L. II Gosselin, St. 
Denis, Richelieu, Canada; 14 each from 

A. G. Coonrod, Atchison, Kan., B. C, 
J. H. Bachtenkircher, Princeton, Ind , 
Normal College; 13 each from W. J, 
Kinsley, Shenandoah, Iowa, E. H. Robins, 
S. W. B. C, Wichita, Kan.; 12 each from 
O. C. Oornev. Allentown, Pa., B. C, V.. 
N. Faulk, Sioux City, Iowa., B. C, J. F. 
Whiteleacher. Fort Wayne, Ind., B. C. ; 
U from A. W. Dakin, Syracuse; 10 each 
from H. H. Goodfellow, Springfield, 
Ohio, i). H. McCargar, Ottawa. Ont., 

B. C, n. C. Rugg, Archibald's B. C, 
Minneapolis, A. A. Southworth. La 
Porte. Ind. 

OnrlouH Poll colloetlon. 

A gentleman formed an idea some years 
ago tliat it would be curious to collect all 
the odd-shaped pens he could find and 
now has a lot comprising over 700 
varieties. About twelve different metals 
are represented in the collection. He has, 
too, a number of wooden pens and many 
curious quills. The collection embraces 
specimens from England. Ireland, Scot- 
land, Germany and other European coun- 
tries, besides America and Canada. There 
are pens pointed fine enough to make 

Photo-engraved from a copy made by C. E. 
Chase, Hiawatha, Kari.^ of the illustration 
publislied on the-ftrst page of the November 
Journal. liefer to that page and see how 
well he did it. 

Several eopiec bave 

with reference to the illiisfr.iti-n :ii lU- ii.>il •;{ 
this page in Thk Journal f"i- MaiT-b, and 
i-eeularly two months after the publication of 

Ham Ley. formerly of Winni- 
Is teactiing wrttine auci other 
G classes in St. Patrick's School, 

'. of St. Thomas Academy, Pierre- 
"""*--'- neat and attractive 

style of writing. 

lias now a full-fledged business de|>artroent. 
At the head ot it is G. P. Jones, a good writer 
and said to be a trood teacher. 


DfA..ei&5o^?()i B«. 

was made in the office of The JoDRNAL/or the employees of lite Nvir Yorl,- I t>st-Uffic<: If is offered as an i:rair 
penmanship of a style siiilabte to greefings, annovncemenis and inHtations to school fommencrments, £c. 

like it is, and tells the whole story without 
hysterica. Patrick, by the way, was due 

:cideuts caused the postpoui 

The king rum received for the month 
of November numbered 84 names and was 
sent by W. II. Patrick from the pupils of 
Sadler'.s Business College, Baltimore. 
Many other smaller clubi were received, 
the usual notice having been crowded out. 
The December KiugisfromSoiilG's College, 
New Orleans, sent by G. W. Harmon ; it 
numbers 83 names. The Queen club, 70 
names, was sent by G. K. Demary from the 
Buffalo Business Univei-sity. Next comes 

lines of microscopic delicacy, and othi-rs 
intende 1 for men who use the first per- 
sonal pronoun a great deal in their corres- 
pondence. Some arc in shape like shovels, 
others resemble a section of stove-pipe, 
and others are delicate and diminutive.— 



-The Haleigh.N. ('., llusines.* CollcKe Isan 

— H. A. Brown, formerly of tlic Nutional C 
ss (.'olloge, Kaiiaiis tity. Mn.. has fm- s 

I beyond doubt. 

r'".59T*VV' Ml S^^W-vtw-i?^ 







d by 1. S. 






. (1 




Bi.lF.X. frIMI.of The Jocrxal's Art SlaJ). IHt 


In writing to Advertisers kindly 
say that you saw their notices in The 

abuDdfiDt flnanciul ) 
ijpoHTefsive city (SIal<? ' i 
one In the Stutc. wisbts 
of Bookkeeping nnd MalliJ 
of Shorthand anil Tj-pcwri 

oufthlf ( 

Abt JoubkalI 808 llro'udway. New York. 


PENMA N of 8 jeare' experience wishes to 
"■ coirespoad with n good school desirous of 
mring a thoroughly competent penman and 

2 Hroadwn 

a growing i-lty 


Hbllshcd Business Coltege. located fu 
■ Lindred tbousiiud in- 
ipjH-d, in successful 

be purchased 

_ ^■&\a. TnobusiQcs " 

$3600 cash 

esold. Only 


Cnre of Penm 


w ':: 

luiytblDg 1 1 


Ut learn to writt- an eleyant hand is to take 
Dakin's course of U'ssons by mail ; only $3.ti()_ 
It will be worth $1000 to you. 


All Engrossers and Draughtsmen Use 


mnu Ut dour ivith it with far irreaUr twcuram 
Ihau hy any other tnelliod mul tn om-tcnth thr 
I iiiir lu by tht nhl bIhic procrw. 

Tlic iici'inni'iinjinif mil represents the lieiu 
wuli " -.iiMiM 111 rill' liliiik' of the square, and 
in-M'iiti I ^ ' I I iiiiiii.- iini) shading, ])hot(>- 

•■qiiiiii I iiiiftiiig pen, the lines 

beiuK -■ I .11 ii I ii I ' 1 lilt Intervals, and exe- 
euted u-< nii-i'lly »^ ihiise inndo frcc-hand. 
The space between lines, may be varied by turn- 
ing n thumbscrew from zero to seveu-uighths 
iif an inch and made Iiorlzimtully or upon any 
desln-(l length or material. We itlve hcrcwitli 
spceimene of Tinting photo-engraved directly 
from ruling done by the aid of tho square vrith 
the ruitidity of free-hnnd lines. 
Kndornefl li> RinrroHHrrx, UrnuEhitiiiieii. 

A. W. DAKIN. Syracuse, N. Y. 


nsive series of eie^/atitly written c"i>le-t, fresh from the pen. on heavy, unruled paper. 
1 size, there t>eing flfteen sheets hacked in a substantial case and sent for a. Vi cent 
or one cent postage stumps. Adddreas 

W. H. PATRICK, 643 N. Fulton Ave., Baltimore, Md. 
TESTII^OISriAlLiS. l-tf 

.trick is justly nm-uiiKri mn ni tlic best teachers, and most skillful and systenuitic 
lof theartof wiitm- ili^it «i Un\<-- LYMAN P. SPESCEU. 

■kiij/^u (.if \rritt.n .i.).i.< i- IhUii timu any compendium in the market. The^race, 

E, M. HrNtsiNtiKIl. IliirtfoMl, riinn. 

Best Work on Shorthand Ever Written. 


The author of this work is Prof. Alfred Day, a shorthand 
reporter of 25 years' experience, author of " Aid to Graham,'' 
" Shorthand Copy-Book," &c.. President of the Cleveland Sten- 
ographers' Association, Principal and Proprietor of Day's School 
of Shorthand. 

It does not pretend to be a new system. It presents Graham's 
System in a wonderfully simplified form, doing away entirely with 
the objections that have been made to that system by reason of 
its interminable complications. Prof. Day has removed these 
stumbling blocks, making the path of the student entirely plain. 

The results obtained by this work are unequaled in the history 
of shorthand teachers. The publishers will be glad to give scores 
of testimonials from those who have acquired proficiency in a re- 
markably short time with no other teacher than " Day's Complete 
Shorthand Manual." 

The book, beautifully printed and bound in cloth, will be sent 
by mail post-paid to any address on receipt of the price, $1.50. 


THF. BURROWS BROTHERS CO., Publishers, ,.,,, 
2}, to 27 Ell 111) AvFNUi:, - Ci,i:\ ti.AMi, Ohio. 

LAUICo |og,ooo shoulder braces rntt 

YOUR CHOICE. ,00,000 st ockihq Supporters 

By A Reliable House! 


OemoresI Celeb'd Corsets ■ 
" Shoulder Braces V 
'^HWV " Slocking Supporters ■ 

Snouue Braces 

V How To Obtain I 0110 n[ 
ITwo Articles iB rllill Ul 

;What'to*§Fcii''r".'.''Wli.o n.ldjlow to Woir A!" 


Tie Mme. DemorasI Corset ' OiuL 


Stocking Snjtimrfor; 



17 EAST 14th STREET, NEW YORK. "* 

This oRer should be laken advantage ot at once as we will give away no more than 100,000 

SomelhlnoHew Irt the Line of Automatic Penmanship 
To introduce mj work T will send for the nt ict 
30 daj-s a beautiful \D\tnTisiNo Banner exe- 
cuted with the 
Paint Bi-otizL 

Flourislm'jt, s. i 
CENTS 1 1. L . 1 
advertisemtnt Vililn 
Pen Aitislauari.1 


■Posltivelj no free •» 

Pri-N IMANiiillTP 

.tter win 
UbKK K. 

I' :77^ iU'l \Mflll-N.N I I t \.NC.U 

■/^o ^Dj wiiiim I ^^nlJ^tll■l^'JEg,s 
Pernin Universal Phonographv. 





of 12 lessons in plain peuraauship given by 
mail for ?3.0(i. Teacher's course :f.5.00. 

A. W. DAKIN. Syracuse, N. Y. 


"."i rents I will send you t> cards with 

- II- .1 I - I •-. etc.. roisedon each with 

• !■ written or raised, as you 

i ii r iiiak like wax work and 

iM |.-iiii\ the most beautiful cardH 

■ut f 

W. DAKIN, Syracuse, N. Y. 

[)R ALL orders i-eeeived within »> days 1 h 
send 50e. worth o( pen work for Hac, 


515 East State Street. Trenton, N. I. 

A FLOURISHED owl ou B. Board, size 
10 X 14 InchtM, sent tor Sl.OO. It is n 

A. W. IIAKIN, Syracuse, N. Y. 


of the finest styles and 

A. W. DAKIN. Syracuse, N. T, 


■ act fac-«linlle pbuiovnEinvni nignature I 

QIII.KIUR rEMIOI.OEK!4 .PatentwJ). Im 

Automatic Lessons 


C. E. Jones, 249 Blue Island Ave., Chicago. 


■=-- .TlOy PEX-HOLDER. 




othe le m un yousee h s Spe e tmuue 

and Peerless I\o R a pages Boa ds 

dScenl^ bamp e Copy sent on eeptof^ ens 
Will refund price of sample it book is 
adopted or returned. Table of Contents. Sam- 



Twenty-four Pages of Beading Matter 


We have, printed in good shape, and readv 
lo use in classes, the following reading lessons: 
1. The liirl Amanuensis. 
a. The Ene tsh TonRue. 
3 Fa'*- in a Horse-Car, (Illustrated.) 

4. Return of the Birds. 

5. I'ariiel Webster's Speech at Albanr. 

All iji the best style of Munson phonography. 
Prir'g 10 etn/s for each. 25 cents for three, 
40 cents for five. 

Also a List of Contractions and Words oi 
of Position, with Derivatives. Price 10 cent 

S. S. PACKARD, Publisher, 

101 East 23d street, - New Yorl. 


A. W. DAKIN, Syi-a 



Business Typewriters. 

WORLD TYPEWRITER, 44 characters, $10. 
WORLD TYPEWRITER, 77 characters, $15. 

i;.iliiluBuefree. Aiidresa Typewrite 


(Jyi^les, Boston, New York, Culcagn. 

SEND me 41.00 and I will teach you to en 
grave flowers, names, etc., on card- tli 
latest thing out. They must be seen t*) 1 

A. W. DAKIN, Syracuse, N \ 

Standard Typewriter 



Embraces the Latest and Highest Achieve- 
ments of inventive Skill. 

3>27 Broadway, N. V. 

FuU line of Typewriter Supplies. H-li; 




Try the world over, as we have done, 
and you will take no other. 

One^ross, $1.00, One-quarter gross, 36c, 
JOHN WATSON, Catonsvllle. Md., 

is the only iicraon who t<'ttehes full i-(-portlnj< 
couiw in Phonography FREE. Offer iiemmncnt 
Stamp for particulars. See Decemlicr number of 
The flliorlh(tnil RcfUw for PRIZE KSSAY on 
the best melliDd of teaching sliorthund. 1-2 




H2IB A OCEOSH, Frlncljilimd Prcptictfln. 

Typcwruing. Penmanship >nd Enghsh. Large 
faculty. inscruciioi.. Cla» drjlf*. 
Lecfurcs. Eminent indor5«mcnt. Open all year. 
Enier now. AUractive chy. Expenses moderaie. 
Write lo us. Illustrated Catalogue. Free. 

AI-OLLIU-TION OF 100 vaUiab'e recipes 
fnr rtie manufaot-irB of vaj iou« kinds of Inks 


Is the best Type Writer. 

It is easier to learn and to operate, does butter 
work, has more speed atiil is more iJunihlo tiinn any 
other type writer. 

Shorthanl taught by mail and personally 
We have aOO pupils by mail. S:luatioos piwiiral 
nil jutpih irhen competent. We huve been sAwr/ (il 
competent geDtlemea stenographei^ for 18 mouths. nookkeepers who arc steii- 
ographers are iu demand. Learn nhovthniul ; commence iimr. 







family purposes nil 
'SWlFT.'BIarionv™^! S. ^^' 

., by V 

Emerick has received much praise fi 
"'displayed in hie card-w 

f)8we?o. nVt". 

ple« will bejsf 

t ?or lOo 

. C. EME 

Bii H. J. Ptttman <t W. J. Kmaleu- 
The best-selling penmanship publication be- 
fore the public. AGENTS art niaMuu MOIJEV 
liandlfnKlt. YOU can make 8S.O0 a day easily. 
The Latest, B^st. Most Complete 
and Cheapest thing of the kind. <= even- 
teen beautifully litbograiihed ulips »m\ the 
iliiest and most explicit Instruction Book 
published : enclosed in a neat and substantlnl 
case; mailed to any part of the world for One 
Dollar. Send foi our new descriptive circular 
giving testimonials, &o. 

Pntman & Kinsley's Pens. 

No. 2.-Tlie " Rusine.!. Pen " for boiik-kee|i- 
ertj. buok-keeplPK i^tuUeiit«i. and all wtshinK a 

PBICES.-S.iiiplr.. lOr.i qn.rtrr lire... 30t. ; 
(iro.«. SI.OO. 


"EXCKLSIOH" IS THK BEST. Try 11 and be 


U'U Mention Tu 

price lint 



practical verbatim reporter. 10 years" experi- 
ence. No failures. Situations guaranteed. 
Iloob and circulars free. 

FHANK HARUISON. Stenographer, 
6-tf 721 Broad St., Newark, N. J. 

Professor A. W. Dakin. 

ZJeac, Sir.'— Your last lesson is received and 
like all preceding ones is a model o/ i>erfec- 
tion. Your copies all show the same amount 
of care, and the interest you show in the im- 
provement of the work of yoiu- pupiU is eW- 
derit in each lessou. Sincerely thanking you 
for the attention you ;;avo me through the 

Youi-s truly. 


The Wonderful Machine for Writing Shorthand. 
Eaay, Accural* and R*;lluhl.'. Send stamp for a 
JU-page Clroulur. Machitien rviitt-d <m trial. 


alH. Mo. 

MACK KliTIBBBS of TllK .ToUHN.iL con- 
tainJni^ Mrs. Packard's Complete lAs^onf 


A. W. DAKIN, SjTueuse, N. V. 


ard Wrllfr will write your 

fivp of t 

I^tl^r. Fl( 

id 2fif, per dojien. Superli 
■ pot of Jf^iicy Capilalfi on Hop 
iin<in jJHpei'. 2&c. each. Elciraiit saiiiplc>« uf lurd 
or copy writlne. lOc. CiroulamnddmRscf m own 
hand. 2c. Artrtrcsa PROF. V. E. PEH.s<)NS. Ik.x 
lfl6.RuBhford. N. r. 11-1-' 


Practical Bookkeeping 


Double Er 

I. rranhUn, Irlxh 

■vrrtatu <>f Mom, 
tcatu WngMnolnn 
a»'l Oarflclil Buatliva Aoanclallnn". 

A handsooif ly bouixl book of 310 paizes. Tho best 

f reded text book ni — ' ' "*" —■'-'■ --•-- ■- 
i.m, wbolcsnleSl. 

ceilpt of fl.oi). ^ or prospect! 


t book now Issued. The retail prici 
I. introduction 81.00, Act 
t any teacher for exaiufnaiioD on 


In oi-dcrU) place Diy work in tlie bands of 
every reader of this paper. I will send ou re- 
ceipt of ?l.l)ll the following : 


Dakin'fl Card Ink Recipe SOcit^. 

TwoSeLsof Oapltalsldifferfntj,. ...40 ■ 

A Written Letter , 26 " 

Muscular Exercises ..86 " 

ISsigaatiiresiany name) 36 " 

Specimens or HIoutIdIiIu); , ...25 ■■ 

.A.. ■V\7'. I> .A. ^ I la, 

141 Johnson St., Syracuse. N. Y. 


S2 65WorthofPenworkfor$l50 

I'rittcn icnnpindluin of Penman- 
fliip. I'mbrtK'inif nil tlio cesentinl 
eleiiients of n full oumw In Plain 

Idirfic shcot flllod with combjniitton 
, Com bi nation cupitnls. " SpnrHIlng' 

Totid ....; 

■Vny pcraon wlio cures for good t»- 
will readily detect a bargalu in the hIj 
All oi-dere wUI be fllled and mailed ui n 
rnsh of Now Vcav t^rds being over 
able to All my mail ordei-s on same da) 
Remit by money order or postal note, 
oept two-cent stumps If more convenient t 
sender. Address 



No. 138. 

)ted for professional QBB and oma- 
ment-ii penmanahtp, 




reaper Warehouse 
Nos. 15& 17 Beekman St., ^ 

«-12x NEW YORK. 




w, T. COMSTOCK. Publiklier. 
"*"'- No 2S_W.rr(>D SI.. New Tork. 


All of Standard and Superior (iuality. 




TELEGRAPHY S*.j^r kv.« 


f~.r,'i ■','.' !!rr j'Mlred''iSSu 




\'\\.\. be a Oofx/ Ttnr fortlic rcudera 
f tlie JoiniNAi, OF Education- 
attention will be giren to the depart- 
raelhocln for til «< Schoolroom nnd 

f spuire will be devoted to It. 
jst successful teachers in the 
nutiit>ered among its contribu- 

; Hie Afanv I*ri>i 

' Fentura for the 
le following series 

tliR ExperlnieniiHi ITIeiliod. Hy JonK 

" '" -t.. Prof, of Natural Science in 

irk foUege for the Training of 

M'i'i-^ is to be publfsliod monthly 
Hill will l»c a report of the tos- 


Prof A. 
Island .■; I i 

A Series of I^eeeons by Fanny Hbywood 
Smith, of Worcester, Mass.; formerly teacher 
of Drawing In State Normal School, Wcat- . ■■: I 

it will be published 

; the Now York Sl^te 
nnilon <|ii08ilonM, with 

Subscrlp<loii Raiefi. including Supple- 
ment, $2.50 uyeur; $1.35 for six motith!i. 

BpBTON AND Chicago. 


is one of the leading schools of Amer- 
ica for the preparation of young men 
and women for business life. A spe- 
cial school of Shorthand in connecfion. 
Send for catalogue. 

J. M. MEHAN» Proprietor. 


I the 

ithout Te.\t.Ilo. 


Counting-House Bookkeeping." 

"■oMh-iSsioN Set Hook 


lolluges and Public and Private Schools 1 

Descriptive List now 

jondence invitee 
The best Pen in the U. S.i and best penman use them. 


Ill's use Putu 
Sent, postpaid, 


uu'i 119 i 121 William Street, N, Y, 

A, E. DKWllUIiST. 


Executes all Kinds of Ornamental Pen-Work 

Oi>r EngrossinR. Ven-I>rawine. Lptterlne and 
Flourishmg have recpivcd the bifrhp.xt cotnmenda- 

OUR SPF.L lA' 1 \ 

A. E. DEWHURST, Utica, N. Y. 




inbtiti;tk of 

The loading school of pen art In the South. 
Designs and drawings of all kln'a made for e(i 
jsraj-iiig. C.irrespDndeDce snllulied with paitlDs 
desirlnir flfst-cla-w work at fea^nnable priced 

For nlroularsand apeoimensof oen-work ndil--^ 
A. C. WEBB. Nii4vIlIe.Teon. «... 

Northerii Illinois College of Pen Art, 


, W. Da 

. Hyn 

. N. Y. 

Dear Sir : — Your letter and lesson of .lune 
IPth, 18S5I, came duly to huDci. and, I assure you 
I spoiled many a sheet of paper in order to- 
show you that I really a[)pi'eciate your way of 
doing bu-siness. And there is no exous© a maa 
can give who does not avail himself of such 
a p-ent chance to Icam penmanship at home 
without spending but ^aJ-OO. The price is very 
low and within reach of every young man, 
and yo desen-e great ci-edit for it. 
Very truly yoin-s, 




fj For a present to mother, father. 

R friend or teacher, could you possibly 
select a more appropriate gift? 

T Portraits from photograph, por- 
traits from tin-type, portraits from 
tJ engraving, portraits from pencil or 
' pen sketch, fine portraits worth from 
f\ »25 to$5oforfrom*5i"«7-50. All 

I work guaranteed strictly first class. 
Kefer by permission lo R. T. Ames. 





(.f thi; 


N. Y. FjNE portrait CO.. 

i W. 23rci St.. NEW YORK. 

1.1 I i.m ■ Tlio work l9 90 carefully 

l>i> mostored ut your home 

1 III/ >Ve., BuAlncm Forms, llus- 

-. I iiiniins&o. A good bimlneas 

■liiin. Students now roglslerod fi-om 

nearly every State and province. This work has met with unexpected suooess and should Ix- In the handsof evei-y young person. Trxt>Buok with 
. Dav nooK, JouiiNAL. LEDGER, Balancb Shbbt BOOK With Okb MONTH'S liiatrucMons by mail. $5.0D. Send stitmps for olrculur and full 
iculai-s. Addi-esa J. B. CAMPBELL. Koom 57, 154 Madison Street, (;htcaffo. 111. U( 

This is desiffned to I>o A CtlMPLETE SELF-INSTlllKmNG Text-Book of Single and Double In 
explained and arranged so praeticaUy and business like that with the Itutruction by mail the scteuii ' ■ < 
and Avethetimeand ex|»cnsc of attending ubusinesscoUege. Course contains Hutcs and Kxerciscs in i 
iness Papers. Business Correspondence, Opening and Closing Seta in Double and Single Entry, Sets In 
education open» the way to paying positioua. By this method itoun be mastered nt home. Dlstmu 


1. Cominerclal Arithmetic (Complete edition.) Generally aceepted by commercial teachers as the standard hook on this 

subject. Used in over loo business schools and enthusiastically endorsed by all. Retail price. $1.50. Liberal discount to 

2. Commercial Arithmetic. (School edition.) Containing the essential part of the complete book. The most beautiful 

te.xt-boolv before the country. Retail price, $i. With proper discount to schools. 

3. Packard's New Manual of Bookkeeping and Correspondence. A logical, simple and complete treatise 

..oil Bookkeeping, arranged for use in Fiusiness Colleges, and a most .acceptable tc.\t-book. Retail price, $i. With proper 

Any one of these books sent to teachers for examination at one-half retail price. 

Mftion this iourria'. 

S. S. PACKARD, Publisher, loi East 23d Street, New York. 


AirUsi BenniGii and Bublishcns, 

t 2<D25l^0ADWAY 

\ . .11 Jl^^/ . Pt: 

f^mrfriilt ill thP ^ 


ip/ ^ 



FlfmUNC^ 01? IN HliBllM FOKiVI,p SPMIflli'PYf 

^ / / A /au t/fumiTtKiur'Nifii-* 


AMES' COPY SLIPS are taught frmn In some of the largest and best known echooLs of this country— schools that employ expert writing t««ehers of the best class. Could anything 
better be said in their favor f For SBLF INSTRUCTION this work bas no equaL It tells the whole story— what to do— how to do it— how much to do at one time— what not to do 
Thousands of office clerks owe their positions to it. Thousands of others could double their salary by improving their hand-writing from AMES' COPY SLIPB by home study. Price 50 cents 
a set complete. 

AMES' BEST PENS have tunde a wonderful reputation in the two years they have been on the market. They are now used exrlusiVely in a large number of schools and business 
houses. For tbe use of book-keepers, amanuenses and office clerks they have no equal. The price (i") cents for a quarter ; JSI.OO a gros.i) is a little above the oivHnary price, but this is largely 
more than comiiensated for in the greater worth of Ames' Best Pbns. Special discounts for quantities. 

We handle the best school black-board-* (roll-black-boards, stone cloth, liquid slating, etc.i ; the Day T and Shading Square. College Currency that is approved by the U. 8. Govem- 
nient ; a great variety of diplomas and certificates for all sorts of schools lor specially made to order). School invitations of the highest artistic class made on short notice. Thousands of 
relief cvits in stock suitable for newspaper and circtilar advertising. In short, we can supply everything that a Business College neerb. 

State what you want as precisely as poeslMain your flrrt letter, and send stamp for description and price, list or eetimate. Specimen diplomas for accents. In ajiking for e 
engraving your copy, !«end the copy in order that we may see if it will make a good plat© and estimate exactly. 

AIM fJ<)i;i{.\Ai. 


TIk- popular, teachable, charmin};. beautiful scries of lcxt-boo,<- lor Uusiiiess Colleges. Commercial Departments, and all Schools 

in which any features of the commercial branches are taught, comprising liookkeeping, Commercial Arithmetic. 

Commercial Law, I^raetical ILnglish Grammar and Correspondence, Civil Government and Spelling. 


which 150,000 ha 
past eight yi-ars 
other book has done 

four elegant books 
s been sold tluring 
We believe that 

,.:iidy of this subject, and it 

is certain ifial none has ever before re- 


is al'the prcstnr limt- the favorite" with 
the business colleges of the country, beinp 
at present in use in a much larger number 
of such schools than any other work, and 


ETE BooKKEEriNG, and are designed for schools that di 





18 been hiRh- 

of the language 
directness of its statements, tiic careiui 
selection of topics and il-^ 


signed 1 
cal (cal 

who ho 

ugh gr 
lot giv 



iefly 10 single entry, but explains and illi 

implete expla 
,. This book 

jcess of changing from sin 
lation of double-entry, witi 
s designed for a young das 



al ealculaticns. Us drill 
distinguishing feature ; and the cl 

the phenomenal popularity it has secured. 


that every business boy and 
facility in performing arith- 
)der the pupil expert, are a 
nenis and analyses, and its 
have contributed to 


1 ofjthe^booklcontains h 
ers that arc invaluable 
s having great popular! 

itudy. to obtain knowledge of thi- 
lore important facts ; and to impress upon 
lose who have devoted some time to th< 
udy of grammar, and yet are careless :n 
leir utterances, the importance of accii- 
icy of expression. The correspondence 



TMs little boo! 
almost every teach 
-words, and gives i 


..... I.-... ^.^d^owUle .-in intrnduciion, and has sold so lai 
all about it, It contains aboul 4000 difficult, yc 


It should be understood, also, that yc carry a large stock of Foolscap I-'apet, Pel. 
lets Pen-Holders Figuring Pads. Blotting Pads, Blank Books for Book,:eepinL 
slncss Forms, etc' etc , which are excellent in quality and cheaper than the cheapest 


ry that is a source of unusual gratifi 

E-ducationai Publishers, 

Specimen pages < 
publications, as well 
ing special introduct 
the address of any I 

he books and our CataloKuc, conta 
of the commercial supplies which 
1 prices, with wholesale and rclai 
:her or school officer upon applicati 

_.,„(iMs&.-, .<,_„.^. T?a c W Ei^'iigrF?. "prr-r. 

THAT. MEANS BUSINES.'^. Any one ^enBinir foe any of the followin^r list of articles and ha.- 
n their possession a 


Address E. M. CHAKTIEIl. Principal Texas Business Colle»e. Pahib. Tb 

I and 24. 

For Expert and Careful Wr.ters 
THIRXy-SIX Pens, Post- 
paid, THIRTY Cents. 

For Accountants & Correspondents. 

THIRTY-SIX Pens, Post-paid, 


Proprietors: IVISON, BLAKEMAN & CO,, 753 and 755 Broadway, New York. 

Published Monthly 
202 Broadway. N. Y., for $1 per Yeai 


ered n the Post Office of New York 
N, Y , as Second-Class Ma.l Matter. 
Copyright, 1889. by 0. T. AMES. 


Vol. XIV.— No. 2 

Pen Experts in Council. 

[From the 2}ote» 0} W, F. Giweman, late 
Chairihan of the Executive Covimittee 
and present Seeretiiry of the Assorintion]. 


The proceedings 
briefly referred to 

the January Journal. . 

stated . 

n the 

Snoke, P. H.. Nevada, la. 
Staler, W, D., Mt. Vernon, la. 
StoleltaigtT, A. F.j Ft. Dodee, la. 
Summenj, L. L., Griniiell, la. 
Tet«r. L. D.. Kooxville, la. . 
Tbombui'gb, L. M., Ricltniond, Ind. 
Westrope, P. A., Elliott. la. 
Whit«, J. K., Beatrice, Neb. 
WUliauis, W. W.. Des M.iiues, la. 
Wood, B. C, Davenport, lo. 

President Peirce called the convention 
to order iu the rooms of the Capital City 
ercial College, A. N. Palmer, pre- 

ding at the secretary's desk. The ses- 
vas chiefly devoted to the work 
of organization. A. H. Hinman, of 
\Vorce^ter, Mass., and E. M. Chartier, 
Paris, Texas, were present, and being 
proposed for honorary membership, were 
unanimously elected. 

Mr. Hinman in an interesting talk sug- 
gested that the meetings be held farther 
East. He meationed the Eastern Pen- 
men's Association, declaring that it had 
died and that the W. P. A. might live. ' 

At the evening session an interesting 
lesson on the application of music to 
writing was given by D. W. Hoff. C. N. 
Crandle entertained the assemblage by 
blackboard exercises. There were remarks 

on pertinent topics by C. S. Chapman and 
other members of the association. 

At the morning session of the second 
day it became obvious that owing to the 
absence of many teachers to whom papers 
had been assigned it would be impossible 
to follow the programme as it had beei. 
outlined. A. N. Palmer opened with 
talk on the application of movement e 
erciscs to writing. The oval wt and loop 
exercises were elaborated upon and t 
ment on loo^js discussed at length by 
Duryea, Curtiss and others. Mr. Crandle 
talked for nearly an hour on the subject ol 
teaching large classes in our m 
schools. This was taken up by various 
members and discussed. Mr. Peirce gave 
an able presentation of his method of 
teaching figures in order of simplicity. 

A discussion with respect to shaded or 
imshadtd down - strokes in blackboard 
writing was participated in by nearly all 
of the memhere present. 

The exercises of the afternoon were ush- 
ered in with music. Mr. Palmer distin- 
guished himself by a baritorc solo. Aso 
prano solo by Miss Mabel Allen was vig- 
orously applauded. 

Settling down to serious details Mr. 
Chapman gave the penmen some points 
with --egard to position, motion and form. 
A lively discussion which ensued proved 
that there was a difference of opinion 

among the penmen respecting the position 
of the body and pen. Mr. Cliartier 
claimed that to have one foot placed, 
around at the side of the chuir was the 
easiest and most natural position. Mr. 
Curtiss contended that this was unnatural 
and gave illustrations to show the upright 
position to he most ea.sily obtained by 
keeping the feet flat on the floor. 

Several ladies who manifested an inter- 
est in penmanship were admitted into the 
association as honorary members. Presi- 
dent Peirce welcomed them heartily on 
behalf of the association. His saying that 
the brethren received them "with out- 
stretched arms" created considerable mer 

A telegram was received from Messrs. 
Brown & Nettleton. Peoria, 111., inviting 
the convention to hold its next meeting at 
that place. 

The afternoon session was opened with 
a piano solo by Mif*' Flo 

cla.^s .it" I u, li,. ., I, 

und.T til. I 

Morri-, ).-:... ■■! 
COnit: ^^.l- '!■ I: ■ 

Mehan. of tli- ' 
College. PrcMili j 
his annual addn- 
There was muM.: 
address, Mr. Holt i 
with selections c 
rendered. Others 

'■^ meeting 
was successful from 
every point of view. 
There was a good at- 
tendance and enthu- 
siasm unbounded. 
The list of those who 
attended is as fol- 

Bowker, MissGusfie, 

Des Moines, la. 
Chapman, C. S.,Min- 

neaiiolis, Minn. 
Chartier, E. M., 

Paris, Texas. 
Chase. C. E., Hia- 

watba, Kan. 
Crandle, C. N., Dix- 

Moines, la. 
Faulk. C. N.. Sionx 
City, la. 




Promissory Note, f'hoto- Engraved from Copy Made f&r Thb JOURNAL by W, H. fatrich, lialtii 

Faust. C. A., Decatur, III, 
Fi-eocb, C. C, Dos Moines. la. 
Frost, G B^ Des Moines, la. 
Pisber. E. H., Sbenandoab. la. 
Fudge, R. S., Maine, la. 

W. F., Des Moines, la. 

Haley, Mi 
Hawes. W 
Hoalev. H 


M. C. Omaba. Neb. 

itlfu- RapuLs hi 

Pardons. A. E., C; 
Patt. Miss Bertha. Nevada, la. 
Peirtv, C. H., Keokuk, la. 
Peters. P. B. S., St Joseph, M<\ 
Popejoy. E. P., Popejov, la. 
Reltz E. C QuiDcy, 111. 
Bunkle, O. O., Marsballtown, la. 
Slinker. C. D., Des Moines, fa. 

At one o'clock th< 

.■r<-isc8 by a 

.1 H - >■! til.' . i(v schools, 
r ■■! 'I 'i-li'T, Miss 

I' ■■■■ i)i:.l J. M. 

' ' "iinercifll 

I 11 ililivered 

\ .!■■ . .11 below.] 

iinuM. ;it ili.Tloseof the 
utertaining tUemenibcrs 
n the hart) admirably 
who contriouted to the 
entertainment were 
Miss Ciiirie Clark, J. 
E. lirownc and C. A. 
Faust, all of the 
etlfort.s being .well re- 
ceived. A vote of 
thanks to Mr. Mehan 
and others for the 
evening's entertain- 
ment was given with 
hi'urty (>ood will 

The third day's ses- 
sion began with the 
song "America," iu 
whicli ull present 
joined. Then came 
a talk hy the presi- 
dent full of practical 
advit-c to studeota 
and teachers. 

Mr. Ucnton read a 
paper on engraving, 
which he illustrated 
hy showing plates, 
tools, Ac. The paper 
was highly entertain- 
ing. A talk on flour- 
ishing by Mr. Uin- 
man tollowed. 

The members went 
in a body to Edin- 
ger's gallery ond were 

in the 



tion took electricr cars for the capitol, and 
'the remainder of the afternoon was npent 
in insp.:<tiog iht- building and its con- 

t rill , :i [1(1 III 1 1,, It i|. 1 1. irk to the hotels. 

I i • [iiu.i<-iil and miscel- 

I ' 'i' b. ginning of the 

!•:. WiU. 
a:s. Tin- 

being the 

' ! ii'd at Iriigih ihetheoryand 

ill I '. I'l ii' [inicriisof phnto-engravnig. 

Mr. Duryea afforded the members freat 
amusement by his recitation, " The Small 
Boy's Composition on the Horse.'* C. A. 

FauBt giive a clever exhibition of back- 
bond und automatic pen writing and let- 
tering, and an experience meeting fol- 
lowed, in which all of the members partici- 
pnted. C. E. Chase told the brethren 
that two years ago he taught finger move- 
mciit. but has discarded it, and owes hia 
present muBcular movement to The PeS- 
man'k Art Joi'Rkai,. The members were 
further entertained by the relation of hu- 
morous and excitingcxperiences by Messrs. 
Faust, Peirce and others. 

The next day, Simday, the members 
listened to a good sermoj^ by Rev. H. O. 
Tireeden, who spoke of " Christ as the 
Ideal Teacher." 

Monday morning session was opened by 
Prc-sident Peirce. who again spoke of the 
mnkioK of ligiires, illustrating what he 
had to Miv on the hoard. 

Mr. (Utrtiss followed with an instructive 
talk on the subject of penmanship in 
Ctmnty Institutes. The exemplification of 
his ideaa by exhibitions was highly inter- 
esting. He held that the successful teaclier 
in an institute must have a definite plan 
laid out of what he is going to teach each 
day, and should give lessons with the arm 
movements in them in simple forms before 
proceeding with the more intricate move- 
ments, lie gave exhibitions of the various 
movements of the arm, insisting that the 
fingers and thumb should be held firmly 
ana not used in any exercise, all work 
being done by the muscles and arm. After 
the arm and hand have been trained to 
regular work, they should be trained to do 
irregular work in a regular manner. This 
subject was further discussed by Messrs. 
Chiise, Crandle, IJuryea and others. 

Autoniatit- jieumanship in all its pha.scs, 
nu'cliaiiical, as well as artistic, was then 
tri-ated by Mr. Faust. This was accom- 
panied by an exhibition of his own work. 

At the' afternoon session Mr. Maxon. a 
local engraver, told the members about 
zinc etching and other processes of photo- 

Penmanship in the public schools was 
treated at length by Mr. Peirce. The 
spi^akcr took tlie position that muscular 
movement should be lateral only and that 
the height or length of letters should be 
made with the fingers. Opposite vi-jws 
were expressed by Messrs. Curtiss, Palmer 
and others. The evening whs given over 
to entertainment, in which Messrs. Ilnff. 
Duryea and Faust won laurels. There was 
Jtnothur experience meeting at which Mr. 
Peters spoke of the good work that may 
be done outside of the class. Mr. Chase 
contributed some blackboard 
there were numerous short talks 

The business of the next morning's ses- 
sion was devoted chiefly to the election of 
ofticei-s for the ensuing year and the selec- 
tion of a place for the next meeting. 
These details, given in the last issue of 
TuK JouitNAL, may be repeated here in 
the fuller record. The officers are as fol- 

President, C. N. Crnudle; vice-presi- 
dent, A. N. Palmer; secretary, W. F. 
Uiesscman ; assistant secretary, A. F. 
atolebarger ; treasurer, J. B." Duryea. 
G. K. Nettleton, of Peoria. III., was elected 
chairman of the Executive Committee, 
and C A. Faust another member, those 
two to choose a third. 

After a lively discussion it was voted to 
hold the next meeting at Peoria, 111,, the 
Executive Committee having power to tix 
the date. 

The matter of representation at the Iowa 
State teachers' annual meeting, then in 
Des Moines, was brought up. 


littee of 

Messrs. Mehan, Stolebarger and Duryc 
was appointed to wait upon the Executive 
Committee of the association with a view 
to a talk on penmanship before that body 
ofe&sor Curtiss. Ilising in a body 

Eight members have attended alt four 
annnid meetings, Thev are Messrs. Curtiss, 
Peirce. Palmer. Giesseman, Durvea, Chap- 
man. Huir -iiul Parsons. 

{' is II lucky letter iu presidents' names. 
C. .1. ('(Mnior. C. S. Chapman, C. C. 
Curtiss. r. H. Penee, C. N. Crandle. 

Professor Curtiss suggested that each 
member make and submit next year a de- 
sign for certificate of membership, the 
design to be engrossed and engraved on 

.\adrr«N ol Welcome br J. JTI. III«hau. 

FfUotv T'-achrrs and Members of the West- 

I need hardly say that it is with pleasure 
I acwpt the honor of welcoming yon to this 
iK-autiful city, to the capital of the great 

hold your delil>erations in our modest (ioniiiile. 
It is yours : use it as you see tit. and make 
yourselves at home in it. 

You will not, at this time I trtist, consider 
outot places few irhoiights upon the subject 
of penmanship, a branch iu which 1 am most 
deeply interested. One of the objects of this 
association, and one of which we are apt to lose 
sight, should be the bringing of the pnblic into 
sympathy with our work. If the general pub- 

and it is difficult i-- Ikhi-. I' - tKinl-headed 
and leams very ^\^^^^\\. niu] aI,,,, u ,h»-s leai-u 
it is often like f"iiMn>-in- n fimii .'i-iinst his 
will, he is of the same opinion still. It will be 
well for us, therefore. t« examine carefully 
the things by which the public can be brought 
in sympathy with our work, and on the other 
hand to look to the negative side, to examine 
' of the things by which the public may 

calm, cool deliberation and genero 
We will all agree, I think, to this proposition. 

and therefore we have 
which to stand. Now, as to which is the short- 
est road to good writmg, we doubtless hold 
very different opinions. But if we have the ^ood 

and as I feel we will, this will indeed be a rich 
harvest for us aU. 

Some time ago J picked up a card advertising 
a certain thresning machine, on which was the 
piotiire of the most scrawny rooster I ever 
saw. and beneath was an explanation that the 
rooster had l>een fattened on a straw-pile from 
the X Y Z vibrator. Now, while it is possible 
that the X Y Z vibrator possesses the merit of 
leaving straw worthless to a rooster, I e 

therefore have res[M?ct for otbei-s' opinions; let 
us coolly and ealmly weiKh nil thnu;,'bts, even 
though they seem tmist-i \\r i>i little moment. 

or will wegetthefaviiiablu imtice**! thepubhe. 

In our profession we have much of which to 

be proud. In The Penman's Art Journal 

reason, tberefoi-. 
esteem of thost- 
ticulaily iutev-i 


to the editore-in-ehief of The Penman's Art 
Journal and the Western Penman than to 
any other men living. 

day where the student o 
taught to " flourish { "' Is there 

ntry to-day where a 

Ladies and gentlemen, I hope you will find 

thing within our power, we vrill be glad indeed 
to do so; and to be allowed the pleasure of add- 
ing to your comfoi-t. convenience, satisfaction 
or happiness will constitute our greatest enjoy- 
ment. Again I welcome you. Again I assure 
you of our affection, our desire to make you at 
home, and to have you feel when again your 
course is from us that it was a good thing that 
you were here. 

President Pelree*B Addresii. 

Here are some characteristic extracts 
from the president's ringing address: 

Afi-. Pt-esident, Ladies and Qenttemen and 

Twenty years mto the dim unknov 
seems like eternity, but baek ovei' 
trodden juist during a similar period s 

Since my advent into this field of usefulness 
and honor the progress of our art and science 
has grown to majestic proportions. What its 
future will be is not within my pioviuoe to an- 
swer. What it may and cau lie depends upon 
you and me (an< 

united I 

viduals, aud on our 
i^tion. As individ- 
\\-nr with increased 
<l'iiiigaU possible to 

The address theu treats of the importance 
of getting a better grip on the public 
schools and infusing more penmanship in 
their teachers. Continuing it recites: 

Our itinerant professors should be made of 
better stuff. Our rank and file is not of suf- 
ficient strength to eonviiiee the most skeptical. 

methods for teaci 
school. We must 
second, third emd s 
to tell it to otben 

parting a word of ; _^.. „_ 

no nickel. If you would vohuiteer a little 
wholesome instnictioii at times, it might when 
acted upou give eviili-nee'if lireadth and depth 

■tliods for teaching 

We must know 

1 to meet the best 

^Ve shoiUd defy 

lie schools should be at our tongue's end 

We should enter the institutes as held in 
every county over this broad land and teach 
that which could be applied beyond the ques- 
tion of a doubt. This is our great harbor of 
safety. If we cannot meet the teacher of 
school here, we are cut off from 

one of c 

TheteiiiNi - .'.iiMii- Miii-t be improved, It 
can be dnti. Iin I ii u-i i-- lapidly and satis- 
factoi-ilv a. ini>l. I .,|"-i lal instruction. The 
teacher's mi thid- imi-t I".- improved, and just 
here is a most e,\eelleut opportunity to display 
the professional's utility. 

I and teacher. Every city i 

ibilants can sup- 
iustmctor. Has 
- i>enmen ? Most 
■ cities competent 
VVhat do you 
Do you expect 
itntion imploring 
V a remunerative 
IS your strength 

/iug ability, ac- 
i.aiiy young man 
something to do 
iii-t. now and then 

properly guai-de<l ? Are there not 

To choose any o 

as a freak of insanity. No one could establish 
any one means and be progressive. Tochojso 
any one means of execution, and expect all to 
meet it, is not in conformity with law or ex- 

earlier I 
choice (I 

: would be condensed folly. 

Co write but one and with but one set of 

iscles does not indicate any mark of genius. 

over-night growth of knowledge. You c 

learn to write in a d "" * '"" 

instruct in an hour 

teachers in all other department 
While very much is to be gainec 

ifp t),.. ,„„,v-,>, thevitalit 

11' i'>f all thatissubhme and 
'( Ill-It mil of physical and mental 

I iiti (I'd in the living, energetic 
III- t.aeher. Whatever number 
physicfi) a 

the light of sui>erior education, 
less number in menta' 
teachers who do honor 
Perhaps the chief r 
excel all others is because they take i 

They believe that what is worth doing 

the greatest genius of all times and of 
uries, declared that whatever service 
he had rendered t-o humanity was not owing to 
any extraordinary sagacity he possessed, out 
solely to industry and patient thought. How 
different this is from the popular conceptiun 
of genius. In f.T-t, iii.>--t jfopl,. imaizin.' that 
genius has n-itlniiL: <•< <l<< wiih nuiuslrv aini 
patient thi)ii;;li( , Mial IIh •.!■ ijnalU ifs hr.l.iTiL.- tJi 

taidug adv^ 

'I never could le^m t_ 

Uke that if I lived to he as old as Methua- 
Says another : " If I could lean 

( like that I would j 

1 apprenticeship and de- 

the place of genius in the case of Anttony 
Trollope, who never worked for anything but 
money, and who never himself nor anybody 
else claime<l that he possessed genius; and yet 

If youwoiilc 
learii to teach. 

The Penmen's Section of the Iowa State 
Teachers' Association which held its an- 
nual meeting in Des Moines during the 
first week of January, was called to order 
on January 1 by J. M. Mehan. Miss Alice 
Lewis was secretary. 

The programme opened with ;> paper on 
writing in ungraded schools, by ' > o. Hoc, 
of Nevada, Iowa, which was /li-. u^sid l>v 
Messi-s. Ogden, Peirce, Stoleliarg.-r anil 

" Writing in Graded Schools " was 
ably presented by C. H. Peirce, of Keokuit. 
and was discussed by C. C. Curtiss and 
Mr. Ogdcn. 

C. C. French then read a scholarly pajier 
on " Drawing an Aid to Penmanship.'' Ex- 
pressions of appreciation followed. 

The programme was concluded with a 
paper by Mrs. Luetta James, of Des 
Moines, entitled: "Drawing the Only 
Factor in Manual Training in Common 
School Work." 

Election »f officers lor the ensuing year 
followed. A. F. Stolebarger, of Fort 
Dodge, was elected president; Miss Bertha 
L. Patt, of Nevada, Iowa, was chosen 
secretary. The executive committee are: 
J. M. Mehan, Des Moines; C. H. Peirce, 
Keokuk; Mr. Kobbins, Davenport. A 
committee was then appointed to confer 
with a committee appointed by the general 
session to investigate and arrange for the 
continuance of the penmanship and draw- 
ing department. Said committee were A. 
F. Stolebarger. A. E. Parsons and G. B. 

J. M. Mehan was electeJas a committee 
to confer with committees from the other 
departments for the nomination of a presi- 
dent for the assofiation for the coming 

The meeting then adjourned to visit the 

Mrs. Cottonbury — Why don't you go 
on ? It's a splendid story. 

Mr. Cottonbury (who has been reading 
aloud)— Well, I've just reached the bot- 
tom of the column, and it ends in this 
way: "Evelina threw herself at his feet 
and cried, 'Thomas Katclyffe, why don't 
you use Murphey's salt whiskey for coughs 
and colds ? ' " — Judge, 

Persia's Expert Penmen. 

ralllKrMphv A ■■ ■ PInr An in 
Ithah** 3/ firral Empire. 

^i^^^gjigjaj J X-U.S.MINI8TER 

^^5?yjf / 'o Pfreia Hon. S. 
[!S>/Clle >* ^^'- ^- Benjamin 
has uiven to the 
world much inter- 
esting information 
about the ShiUi's 
cl.tniiuion. In a hite letter 
tothc New York World he 
talks entertaininglyabout 
Persia's expert penmen. 
The paragraphs following 
are taken from the paper 
in question : 

No people have ever 
displayed such universal 
ana abiding interest in 
calligraphy as the Per- 
The writing they had be- 
fore the Mahometan conquest 
! distinct and ^aceful 
that of Greece during the 
r period. 

After the Siiracens conquered Persia they 
were s{»oii absorbed by the Persians, who 
in time asserted again their independence 
and the superior quality of their genius. 
But not before the Arabs had forced on 
the Persians their religion and the use of 
the Arabic character and partially of the 
Arabic language. 

For several centuiies this character hud 
the long, slender limbs and angular forms 
of the Arabi-! written at Cufa on the Eu- 
phrate-s. Gradually, however, the Persiau 
lov^- of Ihc briiiitifiil modified this forcible 
hut iiri^'i;ircliil <li:ii":i'i''i I'V L'iving it agree 

; tiexible 

fnmi. Till* \:iiious stii^'fs that Persian 
writing lias ])ius.>^ed through since the Cufic 
wiLs entirely abandoned about the twelfth 
ctinturv are called Nase, Nastalick and 
Sbekt-^tth. ThesR are all in use now, al- 
tliou^Mi the Nastiilick is the one most com- 
monly cniiiloycd for correspondence and 
ordinary, every -day subjects. 

The national talent for decorative art 
ha.s led Persian scribes to lake the utmost 
interest in excelling in the art of cattig- 
raphy. The style of the great writers Ls as 
distinct and individual as the style of 
great painters; the copyist of a poem by 
Hatiz or Sadee received scarcely less fame, 
and his name lives as that of the authors 
whom he copied. 

The expense of making a clear and per- 
fect transcription of the works of a poet or 
of any other volume worth publication 
made such books possible only for the 
wealthy, and they expected 

lith each other to 

1 the 


-\nother moti 
agement of this art. The sacred charac- 
ter of the Koran suggested the utmost 
reverence in making copies of it and the 
utmost excellence possible in the calligra- 
phy employed on it. This feeling makes 
it impossible for the Koran to be printed 
in Persia even at this time, such printed 
copies of it as are in existence having been 
published in India on European pre.'iscs. 
For the same reasons manuscript copies of 
the KorMn are not easily procurable by 
C'liristians, as Asiatics are averse to part- 
ing with them to infidels. 

It is almost incredible what art an<l 
pains have been expended upon copies of 
the Koran. I have seen a large quarto 
volume of which every leaf was of vellum 
and each page was superbly illuminated. 
Kach letter was actually cut entirely 
through the vellum and was made legible 
by an underlay of purple velvet. 

Extracts from the Koran of large size 
to put over a door or on a wall, much as 
we use the somewhat familiar motto, 
" God Bless Our Home 1" have also been 
common, executed with taste, skill and 
infinite patience. I have seen such a 
motto with letters n foot long of which 
the shading iu the arms of each letter 
was produced by colored designs repre- 
senting pastoral or military scenes, land- 
scapes or the like, so delicately drawn 
that Ihoir full be:i»tv could only be ap- 
nreeiated with a um-riiifyiiig glass. 


•iires(TilR!.of ability and note now 

iu Pers 

a. They tntusenbe. and if need 

be ilk 

minate in the most sumptuous 

the Government edicts and other 


nts. The archives of the various 


ncnt.s are illuminated with much 

published there, one the court or official 
journal and the other a weekly. 

But while these papers are finally 
printed before publication it must not for 
a moment be thought that calligraphy has 
nothing to do with them. After the editor 
has made up an entire copy of the subject 
matter it is given to a scribe, who makes a 
clean copy of it exactly as it is to appear. 
This copy is given to ao expert, who 
makes a beautiful calligraphic copy with 

The age of a kalemdau ran be invariably 
told by the costume of the figures painted 
upon it. In one end of the slide of the 
kalemdan is the ink-box; the ink is thick- 
ened by being mixed with silk. The 
paper is glossy and generally a cream tint. 
The best cornea from China. 

Every great man has his secretaries, each 
provided with a kalemdan and a roll of 
sheets of paper, both of which he carries 
in his girdle. If a letter or document is 

But the printing press has at last in- 
aded Persia, and is used to some extent 
t the capital. There are two periodicals 

graceful head-lctteriug. This copy in turn 
is photographed on lithographic stones, 
which are bitten with acid, and thus when 
the printed copies are struck off tiiey are 
identical with the written copy of the 
court scribe. 

This elaborate process is followed be- 
cause it is difficult with type metal to ob- 
tain letters as graceful as the written let- 
ters, and the Persian's eye is so sensitive 

to be written the secretary immediately 
drops on his knees and whips out inkhorn 
and paper. Laying the former on the floor 
at his right he seizes a sheet of paper in 
his left hand and proceeds to write. 
Owing to the position the lines always 
slant somewhat. He leaves a broad mar- 
gin, and in case the letter overruns the 
page he writes on the margin in preference 
to continuing on the other side of the leaf. 

on the subject that he shrinks from read- 
ing printed sheets taken from cast types. 
For the same reason the books issued by 
the missionaries in Persia for the Mahom- 
etans are printed 00 lithographic stones. 

It may be worth while to describe the 
Persian method of writing. As may be 
generally known, they write from right to 
left. They never use a table if it can be 
avoided, but write on their hands. By 

Ereference they sit on their knees and 
eels on the floor. The pen is a reed 
the color of black walnut; the nib is cut 
diagonally. This pen is called a kalem, 
and is kept in an oblong box called a 
kalemdan. This case is made of brass or 
of papier-mache, which is often most 
exquisitely decorated with hand -painting. 

When the document is completed no name 
is written, no autographic signature is ap- 
pended, but the seal of the author is 
aftixed, dipped in ink and then pressed on 
paper. This seal, in the case of officials, 
has the date of the year also engraved upon 
it, and is annually renewed. To counter- 
feit such a seal brings the counterfeiter 
within the shadow of the yasaktchec 
hashee, or lord high executioner, and the 
offense is therefore rarely attempted. 

WTiatever improvements or innovations 
take place in Persia during the next fifty 
years, it is not all likely that the noble art 
of calligraphy will fall from pracUce and 
e.«teem in that country so long as it con- 
tinues tn be a Mahometan nation gov- 
erned by Mahometan rulers. 

The Law of Language and the 
Language of Law. 

The elegant sufficiency of legal lan- 
guage, to put it mildly, has long been the 
subject of ridicule on the part of those 
wanting in respect for the usages of the 
gentlemen of the law. It is doubtful if a 
small though highly useful idea was ever 
swathed in more words than the indictment 
presented by »hc Grand Jury recently in 
the case of the electric ligLt homicido. 
It bears evidence of having been prepared 
by a lawyer of a great many years' stand- 
ing. We cannot refrain from reprinting 
part of it. After various verbal gymnas- 
tics, it goes on like this: 

And a current of electricity,^ of great 
and deadly power and intensity, through 
and into the body of the said Henry 
Harris, did put, place and pass, and cause 
and procure to be put, placed and to pass, 
and Che said current of electricity through 
and into the body of him, the said Henry 
Harris, did wilfully and feloniously keep 
and continue and cause and procure to be 
kept and continued for a space of time, to 
wit: for the space of five seconds; thereby 
giving unto him, the said Henry Harris, 
with the electric current aforesaid, a mor- 
tal electric ahock, of which mortal electric 
shock he. the said Henry Harris, thcti and 
there died. 

That is, we suppose, Henry Harrin was 
killed by electricity. It would seem to 
the casual reader that the man who wrote 
the indictment did put, place, insert and 
pass, and cause and procure to be put, 
placed, inserted and passed into or 
within said indictment, charge, ar- 
raignment, accusation or other instru- 
meut or writing, and did keep and 

continue, and 
keep and conti 
'n and within 1 
iiidictraeut, charge. 

and procure to 
I remain ai;d stay, 
the inside of, said 

ignmcut, accusa- 

tion or other iustruinent or writing, sev- 
eral, to wit: One or more superfluous, un- 
necessary and useless words. Aud thus 
and thereby is attention once more 
called and directed to the pleasing lit- 
tle way or custom which lawyers have 
of raising or causing to be raised a 
great cloud of words around a small 
matter, and, fostering the public in 
the belief that a mighty mystery hedges in 
the drawing up or preparing of even the 
simplest legal pajier, whereas it should be, 
even if it is not, a thing possible to any one 
having a fair command of English. If wc 
are wrong, mistaken or in error, or if we 
liave been caused or made to be wrong, 

beg and leave and per 
offer our most humble and abject apol- 
ogies. — Nrir York Trifmnf. 

" Prithee, a ballad," exclaimed the knight— 
" Prowess, adventure and faith unite." 
" An ode to freedom," the patriot cried — 
" Liberty won and wrong deHed." 
" Give me a drama." the scholar aske<!— 
" Thw inner world in the outer masked." 

. pray. 

" Power and jws- 
"Sing me a lyrii 

I hue instead of a page." 

" Your iKx-ni 

He looked in ttie maiden's glowing eyoe, 

— Btarkwood'B Mayuzine. 

An autograph lately fold in Loudon was 
a note from Tennyson reading thus: "I 
have many thousands of these applica- 
tions, and rather make a point of neglect- 
ing them; for why should I flatter the 
madne^ of the people? Nevertheless, as 
the request comes from an old friend be- 
hold an autograph,"' 

Vm .iOlIKN.Vl, 

Here's a Penman ! 

Memphis has been harlwring for some 
wt'oks past a criminal of do orchimry stamp 
in the person of one J. C. Johnson, a 
Doted forger. 

He is H genius in his profession and an 
exponent of the homeopathic theory 
"ffimi/?a simUihiu furnntur"" for while be 
succeeded in breaking into jail by the ex- 
ercise of his gifts of writing other people's 
oamca be also succeeded in freeing himself 
by the same means. 

The story of how he accomplished this 
read* like a romance of crime, and yet it 
is true in every detail, and an Avalaueke 
reporter was shown the documents by vir- 
tue of which Johnson is now at targe. 

Johnson is a Virginian by birth, and 
commenced a crooked career about twelve 
years ago, when he came into notice as a 
forger. He confined his operations 
largely to country banks, and bis 
method was to sell or get discounted notes 
bearing the forged signatures of well- 
to-do farmers or country merchants for 
amounts ranging from $100 to $500. He 
was twice convicted and sentenced to 
serve terms in the Virginia penitentiary. 

While there he gave endless trouble in 
various well-planned attempts to escape. 
His wife was permitted to visit him and 
it is supposed smuggled the tools into bi^ 
cell with which he endeavored to regain 
his liberty. Suspicion falling on her ns 
the medium, she was obliged on one 
occasion to strip while the jailor's 
daughter searched her, and in the coils of 
ber hair a bottle of muriatic acid was dis- 
covered, by the aid of which the desperate 
prisoner had hoped to escape. 

That he is free to-day, however, is due 
not to any violent escape, but to the exer- 
cise of an ingenuity almost unparalleled in 
the annals of crime. Last spring be 
forged the name of Y. P. McLemore, a 
farmer of Carroll County, to a note for 
$2o0, which be discounted at the Bank of 
Carrcll, Huntingdon, Tenn. Mr. Mc- 
Lemore was a stockholder in the very 
bank where the forger disjwsed of it, but 
the imitation of his signature was so per- 
fect that Mr. R. F. Truslow, the cashier, 
had no hesitancy in accepting it, especially 
as the holder was furnished with strong 
letters of recommendation, probably 
written by himself for the occasion. 

The forgery was, however finally dis- 
covered, and Johnson was arrested. The 
news of his arrest spread, and at the pre- 
liminary trial there was a small army of 
bank officials from Ifentucky, Tennessee 
and Virginia i)resent, all of whom had 
been victims to the prisoner's arts, his 
operations aggregating several thousand 

He was hound over to appear for trial at 
the next term of the Carroll (lounty court, 
and being unable to give bond was scut to 
jail, llisde^spenilc character being known 
the Uiintiiigd.i-i jail was deemed too inse- 
cure to hold hioi iiu.l he was sent to Nash- 
ville n.r safe kcM-piog 

How sittulv hi^ was kept there, the sequel 
will show, Tlie Carroll County officers, 
however, thouglit he was there until last 
week when the sheriff went for him to 
take him to Huntingdon for trial and to 
his amazement found he was gone. The 
Sheriff of Davidson County explained that 
be had been released on bond last October, 
and in proof produced the bond, which 
was signed by three well-known citizens 
and approved by Judge Swiggert. Thi*- 
looked all right, but investigation proved 
the astounding fact that Johnson bad 
forged the bondsmen's name and also that 
of Judge Swiggert. 

The bond was gotten uj) in ti|)top legal 
shape. It was headed " ^V<7^■ of Ten n,,,^ 
xa-r^. J. C. ./«/<»«,.„.•• written in'a eleri.iil 
hand ou legal cap paper, and after setting 
forth that principal and sureties were 
bound in the sum of $3000 each, it was 
signed with the names of J. C. Johnson, 
principal, and W. C. Nowlin, J. D. King 
and J. J. Birdsong, sureties. Underneath 
was written, "Approved this 15th day of 
October, 1889. W. M. Swiggert, judge," 
and the signature was so good tnat the 
judge was almost willing to swear he had 
written it. 

Tile clever forger, however, did not stop 
at that. He had the written qualification 
of each surety, setting forth what property 
be owned and where it was located, and 
they were signed by the sureties' names, 
and the signatures sworn to by P. W. 
Adamson, Clerk of the Court, tocaptbe 
climax, he wrote a letter to the Sheriff of 
Davidson County, purporting to be from 
P. C. Sanders, Sheriff of Carroll County, 
assuring him that the bond was all right 
and instructing him to release Johnson, 
which be did. 

The prisoner obtained Judge Swiggert's 

, the 

signature in a mai 
rest of his operations. He wrot 
ber of letters to the judge, none 
he replied to. Finally he wrote one so in- 
sulting that the judge replied, telling him 
be wanted to hear no more from him till 


The following list of words is going the 
rounds of the press with the statement 
that not one person in twenty will spell 
them correctly without preparation: Ab- 
horrmg, bayou, aisle, trisyllable, agree- 
able, amateur, beleaguer, mysterious, 
different, illiterate, initial, crowd, exem- 
plary, complaisaiit, recommend, collect- 
ible, chaise, solicited, actually, prepara- 

Nonsense ! There is but one word on 

^hozt-hawb SjcpathMGi'it 

AU truitter intrndrd for this ilcjHtrtmcnt 
{including short-hand exchanges) should be 
nent to Mm. L. 11. Packard, 101 East %'id 
atrefJ., New York. 

The Amanuensis That is 
" Wanted." 
The TrUnnie published and The Pen- 
man's Akt Journ'.\l copied last month 
under the bead of "Wanted a Type- 
Writer " a flippant article that should 
never have been written much less printed. 
It purported to be an interview with a rep- 
resentative typewriter— a girl, not a machine 
— and gave what was intended to pass as 
the commonly-received opinion of the ordi- 
nary relations existing between the em- 
ployers of amanuenses and the 

(^)a(L&v\\i^C)iv.U;. _ 






( ^^ 


^...y(.^..\..^..j...^...^. .'.... ../f../...i^.v. 

.^.. ....':^...D'.^...^...'?..., Cr:^ "^ ^ 



{Concluded on next }»igc.) 

the list that will cause a bright boy of 
sixteen to think twice before spelling it 
correctlv — " collectible." 

At a recent sale in London an album of 
autograph letters, the greater part ad- 
dressed to D. G. Rossetti, with five 
original sonnets by Rossetti, brought £00. 
The letters were from Lord Tennyson, 
Mr. Swinburne, Mr. Browning, Sir F. 
Leighton, Sir F. Burton, Chevalier Bun- 
sen, John Morley, Sir J. E. Millais and 
others. A sound copy of the first folio 
Shakespeare was sold to an American 
collector for £310; another copy, imper- 
fect, brought £60. A collection of Napo- 
leon literature (some 242 volumes) with 
200 engravings of the battles of Napoleon, 
in four volumes, formed by the late Sir 
George Harnage, was sold for £170. 

A MiGOTT Big $5-Wobth. — I am de- 
lighted with *' Ames' Compendium." It 
is the most complete work on penmanship 
I have ever seen.— ^arry C. Wilhimon, 
Leiciston, Me. 

themselves. As a mere effort of wit or 
of humorous writing it was well enough, 
though not remarkable, but as a statement 
of fact by inference it was not only mis- 
leading but injurious. 

First, let it be remembered that no re- 
spectable man in New York or in Denver 
would employ an amanuensis or a typewriter 
just because she was pretty and silly. If 
she had these qualities they would need to 
be supplemented by some ability. And 
that ability would not be measured by a 
speed of fifty wordsaminute at shorthand, 
and neither speed nor correctness in type- 
writing. The representative girl of this 
article is a coarse, illiterate, slangy creat- 
ure who is described as "stylish enough 
to pass for being pretty," and who shows 
by her conversation that she would be an 
unfit companion for a decent young man, 
to say nothing of a modest, sensitive, self- 
respecting intelligent girl, such as are to- 
day filling three-fourths of the places open 
to amanuenses in this city. She says all 
the girls are envious of her on account of 

her good looks and the "pull" she has, 
and while they are likely to get "the 
grand bounce " when the present rush is 
over she will be retained, at shorter hours 
and larger pay not on account of ability 
but despite the lack of it, and because she 
is young and good looking. She speaks 
of her employer as "the boss," ridicules 
correct spelling and good work, and ex- 
liibits mock compassion for an evideutiv 
competent and sensible girl of thirty, 
whom she derisively dubs an *' old maid," 
and who gets the '"grand bounce," al- 
though leceiving but five dollars a week, 
while the incompetent silly g^rl of twenty 
and red cheeks is retained at twelve dol- 

I have said that such an effort at cheaji 
wit is something more than foolish. It is 
cootemptible and wicked, for in the first 
place it is a lie, and next it works to the 
injury of a class of respectable and worthy 
girls who are trying to follow conscience 
and God in earning an honest living and 
doing their duty. 

It has been a good part of my business 
for the past fifteen years to fit giris as 
clerks and amanuenses and put them in 
paying positions. I have during that 
time jjlaced possibly HOO young ladies, and 
more than half of them as stenographers and 
typewriters, I never recommend a girl to 
a place, or permit her to go there without 
satisfying myself that it is a proper place, 
where she will not only get a fair price for 
her services but will be properly treated 
and pioperly surrounded. Where it is 
necessary I make a pergonal investigation, 
and always know from the young ladies 
themselves and their employers how they 
are treated and how well they do their 
work. I have thus come to know quite 
intimately the character of employers and 
their requirements, and speak from that 
knowledge when I say that no decent em- 
ployer ever prefers a frivolous, incompetent 
girl because she is young and pretty to a 
sensible and competent one, even if she 
be thirty and plain. Indeed, as a rule, 
employers prefer mature young ladies, 
even at larger wages. There may be weak 
and vile men who, for purposes of their 
own, would shelter such a travesty on 
woman as is made to jibber silly nonsense 
in the Tribune article, but they are not 
counted among respectable employers, and 
would not for a moment be tolerated in 
decent society if they were known. The 
respectable men who employ women 
stenographers — merchants, lawyers, edi- 
tors and publishers — pay for service, and 
not for the companionship of a weak and 
silly fool, whose chief quality is that she 
is "stylish enough to pass for being 

The wickedness of this article lies in 
the fact that whatever weight it has goes 
to the injury of honest guls, who from 
their ignorance of the world and their 
faith in them who are permitted to print 
newspapers and journals might think it 
was true, and thus be dissuaded from un- 
dertaking an honorable and worthy pro- 

There is to-day no better and no safer 
opening for young ladies desiring to be 
useful and self-supporting than that 
afforded to capable stenographers. Girls 
have often shrunk from the ordeal of 
being known as a "typewriter," not be- 
cause the business was irksome or dis- 
creditable, but from the small wit of the 
peuny-a-Iiners, who think it funny to 
endlessly dwell on the frailties and flip- 
pancies of the "pretty typewriters" ar.d 
the weakness of middle-aged men who 
are captivated thereby. That kind of 
nonsense is fast disappearing, and it is 
only occasionally that readers of respect- 
able papers are called upon to skip an 
article like the one I have here called at- 
tention to. The only reason for its being 
copied in The Jouknai. was that its 
fallacy and folly might appear and an op- 
portunity be given to speak a true word 
for an honorable profession. 



The Type-Writer in the Senate. 

The spirit of invention and progress is 
he^uuing to reach even to the ioDermo^t 
circles of the United States Senate chiiin- 
Ijer. Lately tlie startlinf; proposition htis 
heoD made by sitrae of the younger nieiu- 
bers of the conservative body that the 
type-writer and the K''ipbophone be used 
by the official stenographers in preparing 
their manuscript copy of debates instead 
of hfiving the work done as at present by 
a dozen or more pen copyists. It might 
seem at first blush that the Senators should 
feel content if the speeches were properly 
reiwrted in the Iteconf every morning with- 
out wasting their time iu bothering about 
how their work is done. But this is just 
where the shoe pinches. No United States 
Senator ever lets one of his speeches go to 
the printer without first putting it through 
a course of amendment and correction. 

When a Senator delivers himself of a 
speech it is takeu down by the olRciul 
stenographer unless the Senator happens 
to read it from manuscript. At intervals 
of 10 or 15 minutes the notes are sent out 
to the Rfford reporter's room, where they 
are read piece by piece to a dozen steno- 
graphers, who in turn transcribe them into 
long hand. After being carefully cor- 
rected by one of the most capable men in 
the corps the sections are put together 
and the manuscript is ready for the printer — 
printer, did you hay ? Oh, no, not at all. 
The manuscript goes to the residence of 
the Senator " tor correction. " If he 
wishes the speech to appear in the Jifcord 
of the next morning be is given until mid- 
night to ge* it back tn the hands of the 
printer. Often the Senator requires two 
and three days, and sometimes a week, to 
get the speech into shape to suit him, and 
frequently when it does leave his hands it 
is a very different speech from the one 
handed him by the stenographer. Herein 
lies the objection of the old-fashioned 
Senators to the new-fangled graphophone 
and type-writer. If these modern ma- 
chines should be used, every alteration, 
correction, omission and addition that they 
might make to the manuscript would at 
once be apparent, and their dcceitfulness 
laid hare.— New York VommTrinl AJier- 

Facts About Short-Hand 

The following bits of interesting infor- 
mation about noted short-hand authors are 
from the Phonographic World : 

Mrs. Burnz published her first short- 
hand book, "Reading Lessons in Steno- 
phonography," a companion to Munson's 
•'Complete Phouographer, " at the age of 
47. Her first edition of "Phonic Short- 
hand " was published three years later, in 

Only three years previous to the issue of 
Mrs. Burnz's first book, above nientioiu'd, 
Mr. Munson had published his first (.lit ion 
of the " Complete PhonographiT." This 
was in 1867, at which time Mr. iMimsoo 
was only 32 yearsold. Mrs. Burnz was im 
assistant and teacher iu Mr. Mviusou'a 

Mr. Graham, at the age of only 23, puh- 
lished his first shorthand work, a revised 
edition of E. Webster's '* Young Heportcr ; 
or. How to write Shorthand." This w;is 
in 1852; two years later he issued hi.s first 
work, under his own name, entitled "The 
Keporter's Manual," published by Fowler 
& Wells. This firm began to cut prices on 
the work against the wishes of the author, 
and in the same year Mr. Graham became 
his own publisher, issuing at once "A 
Compendium of Phonography, 1854," has 
since refused dealings with the firm in 
question and has published all his own 
works since that date. 

Mr. Longlcy published bis first " Manual 
of Phonography" in 1849. now over 40 
years ago, thus ante-dating all existing 
American publishers by at least five years. 
Mr. Longley was then 26 years of age. 
His earlier works show the e, a ah vowt-l- 
seate, still used by Graham-Benn Pitman 
writers, but he has since changed to 
the ah, a, e, scale, iu use by Isaac Pitman, 
Munson and Burnz followers.- His 
"American Manual of Phonography," of 
1853. was an engraved work of 136 pages, 
published at oO cents, showing that the 

^ \ ^ ^ i-'--' 



.v.,.^..:x, :v./..<- 


^ \ V '^^^-^ <^ \^" ^ 

/> s ■ -— I ■ ■ 



selling priee of phonographic text-books 
has advanced rather than decreased within 
40 years past ; the cheapest standard 
text-book to-day sells at 75 cents, white 
the greater number of the different edi- 
tions range from $1 to |2 each. 

Benn Pitman first published in this 
country in 1855, issuing his "Manual of 

Phonography " at Cincinnati in that year. 
For many years previous to his coming to 
America, Mr. Pitman was associated in 
England with his brothers, Isaac and 
Frederick, in the introduction and dis- 
semination of phonography there, but ow- 
ing to personal antagonism arising from 
differences ot opinion among the brothers, 

a dissolution of interests orcurred which 
has continued with ^tr.'ui: p'l-nu:,! enmity 
to this day. Mr I'ltm m \mi- iN,, sued by 
Mr. Graham in isil:! for iuli iti-rrncnt of 
copyright and p>.>l,iiMir.i h.„„ nnploying 
in his books certain til iIk- Iiuiit'!! inven- 
tions. Bcnu Pitman is a strong believer in 
cremation (aa is also Mrs. Burnz); both 
are stockholders in crematories in their 
re^ipective cities, and both will pnibably be 
cremated after death. 


The Phonoffrnphir Magazine, Cincinnati, 
begins its fourth year with the current 
number. Eight pages have been added, 
giving 32 each month, exclusive of adver- 
tising space. The Atagazine is a dignified, 
thorough exponent of shorthand writing 
according to the Benn Pitman system. 
Jerome B. Howard, its editor, is to be con- 

Mr. Andrew .1. Graham's f^'tudentn'' 
Jimrnnl, the official paper of the Graham 
system of phonography, has entered its 
nineteenth year. It is a beautifully 
printed paper of sixteen quarto pages, 
equally divided between Ictter-jircss and 
script. To the student or practitioner of 
Graham shorthand it is indi»i)on sable. 
Mr. Graham boasts that he has not found 
it necessary to revise his text book Tor 
thirty -one years. 

From Secretary Bonner Tiik Journal 
learns that the annual election of the Phib 
adelphia Stenographers' Associatiou was 
held on Wednesday evening, January 8, at 
1207 Arch street, when the following were 
chosen : President, Francis II. Hemp- 
erly; first vice-president, James W. R. 
Collins; second vice president. Sue It. 
Wilkins; secretary, James B. IJonner; re- 
cording secretary, Pauline Cohen; treas- 
urer, John C. Dixon: librarian, Eugene 
McIUione; executive committee, Benjamin 
S. Banks, Geo. A. Jackson, Kdwin Hand, 
Jr., Chas. M. Reiling, E. A. Hawthorne, 
Henry T. C. Wise. Lcivis Altmier, Miriam 

Scott-Browne in(iuirc3, "What's the 
matter with our rivals '(" in not "noticing" 
his change from a monthly to a weekly; 
and then goes on to suggest the answer 
by asking, "Do they fear it? Are they 
afraid it will take the wind out of their 
sails?" The "rivals," if there are any, 
can answer for themselves. The Journal 
I>robably didn't think of it at the right 
time, and will now say, regardless of con- 
sequences, that the "weekly edition " of 
iiroiene^s Phonogrnphw Month!}/ has ap- 

The script work of this number is from 
the pen of Mr. George Curtis Beard, a 
student of four montliM in Packard's 
School of Stenography, It is free-hand 
work and a transcript of Mr. Munson's 
own notes. It is a first attempt, and is 
submitted as such. 

Mr. J. L. nenncit, a veteran shorthand 
reporter ot (Chicago, gives his opinion of 
the respective merits of pen and pencil in 
reporting, as follows : 

"I have found that a pencil makes more 
legible notes in fast reporting than a pen. 
In slow re])orting it does not make much 
difference what is used. In reporting with 
a pen, there is always, in fast work, what 
may be called a tail fallowing the charac- 
ters, which tend to make them Ip-ts legible. 
Of course, this would not be the case with 
a person who had a habit of writing with 
more of a hand motion than I use, my 
writing being all done with u full arm 
movement, — Frank Ilarrhon^a Magazine. 

Tvpcwrltem al tbe Vall<-an. 

Autotype machines have juet been served 
out for the first time to some of the copy- 
ing clerks at the Vatican, but they are only 
to be used for the roughest kind of proof 
work which has to be done in a hurry. 
The Pope dislikes the innova'ion, for he 
is anxious — and rightly so — not to break 
up the admirable school of penmanship 
miich flourishes at the Vatican. There is 
no such writing in the world as that which 
is seen on the documents sent out by the 
Curia. All the copying clerks of the first 
rank arc priests and monks, and many of 
them real artists in calligraphy. They are 
allowed to exercise their fancy in the 
tracing of illuminated capitals and orna- 
meotaT rubrics or margins, but there roust 
not be a single erasure on a page which 
has to be issued iu the Popc'^ name. A 
misplaced comma causes a whole page to 
be rewrilten. — C/^Mf/ow Uerald. 

jsafirtriPEVMA.N s 


Lessons in Practical Writing.— 
No. 9. 


[ Thr*f leMo/tK, hy one of the most popular 
and nueeentful Public Schools Writing 
fhiprrintfndents in Ameritn, loilt rorer 
entry ifrtnil of ienehing prnctiral penman- 
thip in thf puhlic tehooh. WhiU po^seM- 
inij tjrfiif r.ahif tor the general atudent, 
th<n nrf ,rf>^»hitr/i/ inrnhnthte to thf pnh- 
tir ^,-l,.,.,l irritiiuj t, irhr, forming >itt thry 
do till iirniriitr niiil thorough guide to the 
dflniln of hia leorl; step by atrp, throuyh 
III! th<f grade*. The lention* were begun in 
TiiK JoVHVAi. for April, from which time 
nubneriptiong may he doted (f deitired. 
Single hack numbers, 10 cents enrh.— 
Ed. Jourkai.. 

Tlie Blondlnc Proc-CHS. 

That coinbiuiition of the two luove- 
ntents, the finger movemcut and the arm 
movement, which embodies both the 
strength nnd enduring nualities of the 
latter and the delicate shaping power of 
the former, is, in our opinion, the culmi- 
nating point in true movement culture. 
The process of blending these we begin 
at the third grade. 

Per two years the6nger8 have been used 
exclusively in the formation of letters, for 
reasons already stated. We now forbid 
oil finger action, requiring pure ''muscu- 
lar. " The natural result of an effort to use 
n pure arm motion after having used the 
fingers exclusively for two years is a union 
of the two in the majority of cases. The 
nature of the mixture depends largely 
upon the xize of the musehsi and deete and 
the strength of will-poieer exerted. 

The final slide is still retained for a few 
weeks or months as the situation seems to 
require. Its object has been discussed in 
former lessons. It is the "stepping-stone " 
to the new movement — a connecting link 
in the evolution of both form and move- 
ment from a lower to a higher grade of 
production and execution. 

Each exercise in the present series hav- 
ing a reverse oval as t£e initial element 
Is prefaced by two, three or four revolu- 
tions of the hand as the teacher may di- 
rect; then, without changing the rate of 
motion the pen swoops down and the ex- 
ercise is written to its completion without 
pause The teacher both names and sounds 
each letter as it is being written. The 

ing the exercise are sujffcient to float the 
hand, while the anticipation of the com- 
ing SLIDE, coupled with the knmeledge that 
the time allotted foY execution is not suf- 
Jieient to alloic the m'ist to .drop and raise 

the w 

ti to keep the lutnd 

I of the 

If a pupil's hand is once brought to a 
working position we have little trouble in 
setting it in motion. We believe the 
pupil's will force to he the most e^ectual 
agency through which habit is formed or 
broken, and, that the employment of any 
invention or decire which would remove 
the necessity on his part for exercising this 
power, will, in time, iteal-rn its force. 
Hence we use no artificial means to do the 
work of this faculty, but endeavor to 
warm it into vigorous action, and cause 
the pupil to feel its governing qualities. 
We appeal to his self-esteem or pride to 
accomplish this. Suppose, for example, 
three or four hands or wrists are found 
against the paper, we immediately call 
attention to the fact, but withholding the 
names of pupils committing the mistake. 
Wcthen remark that "one of three things 
must be responsible for these errors. 
Either the hands are too weak to sustain 
their own weight, that the irill power is 
not sutH.cient. or it is simply thoughtless- 
ness. If it ia physical weoknesa, then 
they should be in bed instead of in school. 
If it is a mental weakness, of course they 

ninnot be blamed, but if nu-rc tliought- 
icKsnesa, then it is a thing of which to 
feel ashamed. Now we will try again, 
and I want these pupils to redeem them- 
selve*." Tlieae remarks if given in the 
right way will not fail to have their effect 
upon the school. 

After removing; an imperii nient and re- 
peating the effort, a comparison of the 
results obtained under different circum- 
sttmces is made, which proves a most con- 
vincing argument. Hence, we present 
herewith a few examples of our experi- 

Showing Action of Fingers in "Finger" Movement as Compared 
with "Muscular" Movement. 


Exercises for Practice, as Directed in Accompanying Lesson 



We have found no method of instruction 
more lasting in \t& benefits to the pupil, 
than that which leads him to discover the 
causes of certain failures, and the ejects of 
certain positions or conditions of mind, 
muscle or material, U|)0n vvtible results. 

To lie conscious of the existence of an 
impediment, is prerequisite to its removal. 

1. Extend the feet forward, lean against 
back of seat and write. 2. Draw the 
feet back under the seat, throw the body 
forward, recline upon the desk and write 
again. 3. Sit erect between desk and 
back of seat, with left foot a little in ad- 
vance of the right and the body inclined a 
little to the left and write again. 

I. Drop the wrist against the paper 
and write as large on oval as possible, not 
to allow it to slip and without using thi- 
fingers. 2. Lift the wrist and write an 
ovol without allowing the arm rest In 
slip. Compare the thickness and ehwlicity 
of the wrist muscles with those of the fore- 
arm and a corresponding difference will be 
seen in the size of the ovals. 

In each of these cases attention is di- 
rected to the amount of force necessary to 
perform the task and to the nature of the 
results. Then the class is questioned as 
to which of the three positions is the most 
powerful and comfortable. The thought- 
ful rarely fail to choose correctly. You 
might have instructed him to assume the 
correct one, describing it, but he ha.'i 
learned both what and why, in a way 
not easily forgotten. 


1. Suspend the arm and write exercise 
1 or 2, with eyes closed. No action of the 
forearm muscles is felt, 2. Continue to 
write, but drop the forearm upon the desk 
with just sutficient weight to prevent its 
sliding. Now, as the arm is acting ujioii 
this fixed but elastic cushion of muscles, 
and their expansion and contraction may be 
easily felt. Write an oval with the fingers, 
keeping the eye upon the elbow, then, 
still viewing the elbow change to the 
"muscular." Also watch the wrist as it 
runs in and out of the sleeve. Observe 
the difference in the sensations caused by 
using the various movements, as felt. 

1. Lean heavily upon the right arm and 
write. 2. Lighten the weight and repeat 
the effort, observing the difference in the 
effort or force required in each case to 
move the . rm. Which is the better? 

Tighten the muscles of the arm and 
write; relax them and write; strengthen 
them sufficiently to allow of free yet firm 
action. You will observe that the degree 
of elasticity of the muscles depends upon 
the muscular tension, and that with the 
same amount of force the results increase 
or decrrase in size in exact proportion to 
the degree of muscular elasticity. The 
must be avoided. Strong, yet 


I the a 

The shoulder and upper-arm muscles 
projiel (he arm, the fore-arm muscles form 
tin- '• fitxible pivot " or center of action, 
their stilTness or looseness regulating mus- 
cular action, while the finger muscles aid 
in the shaping, and do the reaching in 
executing extended letters. The test 
Grasp the right fore-arm with the left 
hand, write exercises I or 2 with a pure- 
finger action, giving attention to the 
moving of the muscles under the hand. 
Next press the fingers against the uppei 
arm, near the shoulder, continuing to 
write with the fingets. No perceptible 
action is discovered in this locality. The 
moment the elbow begins to move, how- 
ever, these muscles are felt to move under 
the fingers. Then, too. if the left arm is 
thrown behind and the thumb pressed 
against the shoulder blade, the muscles of 
the shoulder are found to move with each 
vibration of the arm. The arm propellers 
are then found to be located m the 
shoulder and upper arm, while the finger- 
moving muscles ore located in the fore- 
arm. Few pupils even at this age fail to 
grasp the idea wnd they soon learn to dis- 
tinguish these movements for themselves. 
This plan makes self-correction com- 
paratively easy. 

If a pupil consumes more time than is 
properly allowed for execution his move 
ment suffers; if less, the form is slighted. 
As yet the pupil must rely upon the teach- 
er's judgment as to the time best suited to 
the exercise. He must keep just with this 
counting, otherwise it will avail him thiHi- 
ing, an<I is a wasteof time on thi p:iit of 
theteacher. A teacher should frLinunlly 
cry "stop" in the midst of an uxtitiMe 
and "pens down." Then if, on passing 
down the aisle, he discovers a pupil to 
have written a single letter more or less 
than those called for by the signal his lack 
of attention to signals or willful dis- 
obedience is so treated as to make its too 
frequent reoccurrence anything but desir- 
able- The penalty is usually an after 
school drill. In extreme coses other means 
arc resorted to. The prompt apprehension 
and correction of one case has a good ef- 
fect upoh the entire school. The efficiency 
of this part of our plan in forci ug absolute 
■ most heartily commended by 

our teachera. By perniissiou, we quote 
the following from tne principal of one of 
our largest buildings, who said to us not 
long since : " I have on different occnsioDs 
put the following question to each of inv 
teachers: Do you find that the attention 
secured by Mr. Hoff's instruction and 
methods helps you to secure better atten- 
tion in other recitations ? The answer was 
uniformly in the affirmative." 

The objpct of 
ward and backward arm vibrations and 
lateral fore-arm sweeps. It is six spaces 
high (J inches) and spans two columns (aj 
inches long). The down strokes are writ- 
ten at the niie ol 30 per minute, and the 
hnrizontal sweeps 8 per minute. 

The object of exercise 2 is to develop 
curved movements especially adapted to 
the capital fold letters. It is 6 spaces 
liigh and 4 wide, and is written at the 
rate of 180 revolutions per minute. Count 
1 for each down stroke in the first five ex- 
Exercises 10, 11 and 13 show the evo- 
lution of the reverse oval letters and their 
resemblance to each other, as given in 
charts V, VI and VII of the May lesson. 

Exercises 6, 7, 8, 9. 13. U, 15 and 16 
show the order of arrangement from right 
to left. The slides are written through 
the words after they are complete that they 
may not influence the heights of the 

The posing board is used, as seen in cuts 
J and 2, to illustrate the action of the 
fingers in finger movement, when contrast- 
ing it with the "muscular" movement. 
It (the posing board) also serves the pur- 
pose of a desk in illustrating paper 
positions, as seen in the December num- 
ber, also for illustrating relative position 
of arm and paper, paper on desk, &c. 

Cuts 2 and three show the use of the 
posing board in illustrating movements. 
It is carried from aisle to aisle on a level 
with thp pupil's eye, and his attention is 
directed to its position and action. This 
is first done with arm bared, then with a 
coat sleeve down. This is our ■way of 
illustrating the movements for class in- 
struction. We reach the individual differ- 
ently, as will be scL-n iu our next. 

Honors for a Business Educator. 

inr. O. F. WllllaiUH, of Roclienler, 
A,.p„.„,c.d V. S. ,.„.... .., 

The Business Educators of America arc 
proud of the distinction conferred by 

Mr. Williams" populiyity at his home 
and among his own pupils is abundantly 
attested by a series of festive eventis ar- 
ranged in honor of his uppoiutmeot. The 
college boys gave him a dinner that was 
the talk of Hochc-^ter. Then the college 
girls repL>ate<l the affair, and of course this 
was even more successful. He was literally 
showered with congratulatory messages, 
and took away with him, among oCTier 
presents, a fine golrt-headed cane, the g;ift 
of the college he had served so long and 

Mr. Williams bore from America a testi- 

And the side of the head bears; 
This slifk was out from above tlu» tomb of 
Washinpliiii, on the Ceiitonaial year of the in- 


i United States of An 


IContribiittons for this Department may b< 
aildrtissed to B- P. Kbllbt, office of Thr Pen 
man's Aut Journai.. Brief ediicntional Etom: 

Out .1 .iMii ^1 i,|,i,,tr, of Mount Holyok< 


• ■ i>aradise for v 

n avera^t 

monial to President Carnot, of the French 
Republic, the nature of which is best de- 
scribed by the inscription it bears and the 
legend which accompanies it. This legend 

Pt-psident of Franca. 
The stick of this cane was cut by me from 
above the tomb of Washington on tbe Centen- 
nial year of the indapendence of the United 

States of America, Its point is American . ^^ ^^■. •■■ 

steel, itsferruIeisAmericansilveranditBhead I between l.'>and 

itik' London school girl, 
■IIS hand a ring for not 
! Ill seven yeai-s. This 

lUiU^iacy of white males 
1 little over 3 per cent, in 


By A. H. lioss, Claude, (htlario and J. P. Byrne, College of the Holy Ghost. Pittsburgh. I'u. {Photo-Enoraved.) 

President Harrison upon ooe of their most 
active members, Mr. O. P. Williams, of 
Rochester. The honor was in the form of 
appointment as U. S. Consul at Havre, 
France, oni' of the most important con- 
sulates on the continent of Europe. The 
appointee sailed for his post of duty on 
December 22. 

Few men in the profession are better 
known than O. F. Williams. For 17 
years up to the time of his recent appoint- 
ment he was a member of the faculty of 
the Rochester Business University. He 
was a conspicuous figure at the Business 
Educators' Conventions, taking a promi- 
nent part both in the business and social 
features ol these annual 

esouuded with 

. iust and as progressivi 

must be required by a great people marching 
toward the most perfect form of government. 
With great resjject. 

Prom a citizen of the United States of 
America to the Fir^t citizen of France. 

January 1, 1800. 

the South, 18 per cent. ; females in the Nort 
~H PC cent, in the South, Ifl : colored, of both 
sexes, in the north, 16 per cent., in the South, 

i employed as principal for the grammar 

attend school; all can read and 
verso intelligently. 

The New York City Board of Education 
did a good thing at its meetmg " 

UDit«d States u 15,579,^06; irnrolled m public 

per Hionth, males from (■■iH.^ to *W.50; "?e- 
mulfw, from #22.25 to $60,23. 

The youthful (to draw it mildly) advocfltes 
of inaccurnt« writiiic to i» used as copy for 
pupil's practice would do well to learn that 
|>erfection can l>e or neai'Iy npproxiinntcd as 
any given inaccuracy, and tliat the nearer ex- 
cellence the model may approach the nearer 
excellent the result. 

strength not to mimlTn children. 
Teacher: " Does your father fear the Ix^i-d t" 
Boy: " I guefs be does, for he takes his gun 

everv time be starts toward the church on 

Teaciier: "In what battle was tieneral 
Blank killed (" 
Bright Boy: "His last one."— OmaAa 

Kentucky teacher (of infant Reography 
class): "Tommy Blood may tell us what a 

'upil \\ ' II. |.i Iu I,. I iiif this iiioniing." 
I Dens I I \ 1'mii 1 V I ) t> I'l-xl-e.— "'rommy,' 

"Yes'm," replied Tommy, "it's a place 
where good people go after 'lection. ' 

The New Spitz.— He : " That's a handsome 
dog you have there. What breed is it?" 
Boston High School (iraduate (embarrassed) : 
" That ! That's a saliva dog." 

A small boy aiosi- nt a Sunday solmol con- 
cert and began qinU- ^li!)lv : •■ A lorfnin man 
went down from .l-'i u-.^i^ m ti. .)-i i. Im mid fell 

—and fell— " [H.i. in^ r ,^ i.,.-„ii to fail 

him.] " And— aii.l I' II In tl i i-nli, and the 

thorns sprang ii|) nml <'li<>l,< >i huH 

A pupil pei-sistiil ii Hi hi !i. lint uiion 
the amr, until tin . ' r laid him 

across a bench iiml ■ i i ■ i ■ ■.-■roty. 

" Now," said till' l.i . ii ■ . Ill ihhu', *'do 
vou know wLfi'' \ 'm' li-it "ii'iii w have 

"Yes, sir," replied the buy, "inside my— 
my— pantaloons, sti' I " 

A teacher, iu trying to explain to her 
scholar the meaning of lepentauco, used this 
illustration : Sup|)ose a bad boy were to steal 
an orunne. and bis good mother bl4ould catch 
it and take him by the hand gently 

fittie boy ought to feel 
scholais eagerly replied, "Yes, mum." "And 
why, MaiTnadukc r^' ""Cause." " Becau-se 
why, Marmadukt; i" " Because ho hadn't et 
the orange befo' his ma cotcbed hiiii and tuck 

and she may be full of grit. 
" How to lay on shingles without using 
nails," is the beading of a newsijaper article. 

gUagf, ^111' r .ill \ ' II: ,-,h/, 

"Whi.I were IIr- Inst \v.,nlK..| Brigbam 
Young /" asked the teacher. 

had any," replied the imuirt boy, 

ad just eaten a whole 
a have a good apjie- 

e left in the 

Hen: " Is that so J Well. I'm laying forhlm, 

A man went home intoxicated. His wife 
said: " So you've bad another glass!" 

" Glass ?" eald he. " Wonderful word. Toko 
off gaud it iH you." 

"Yes," she replied, " and then take off I and 

" Well, Johnny, I shall forgive yoi 
time; and it's very pretty of you to 
a letter to say you're sorry." 

"Yes, ma; don't tear it up, pica* 

" Why, Johnny ?" 

"Because it will do for next time. 


Pi:.\MANS Art Joi rxal 

,, . ^ i insertion. 

• l€rm and space. Special tstimaten fi 
'ni»hed on application. No adverliaements 
takm for /*■*» than fi, 

Sub» ript on Ont yea $1 me nun I er 10 
m » No / 6 »an p » excep o or a fid 
ayn lit u ho a e ntbitc tbe s o a d t et n 
ak ng itubtcnj tio « 

New York P«braarr 1800 





3 Con eu on P ocecd 
\o cs Of ^ re- 

^ . " ^* 
ate Tench re 

e Lnngnuge of 


The Ed i 

Bu n^nir 

ator O P Wli 

en Penod 
Poe n bj 

p YOU 




o JO 




s mon 



d of 

one, win you 



-Id the 


tra copy 


a frier 

d V 

Kho m 


be likely 




Or pos 


y yOL 


3Wn s 






If so, 


haa belt 




r rene 


at once. 


er thi 

s n 



more pag 


ban u 


for th 


Interested in 




- - 

~ : 

tOi;rii]iber drew 

a sight ou them with his 

trusty camera. 

but the plate which the 

coDvt'Qtion arr 

nged to have made had 

not reached iis 

jp to the time of making 

ready for press 

feature of The JounsxL much has been 
accop f I shed that w 11 be of permanent 
va ue to the student and pract t oner of 
MunsoQ phonograph Mrs Packard s ad 


of le! 


: all 

ARLFULLY consider- 
ing till ewe in all its 
briiings it seems host 
to tlu editor of Tire 
loi KNAi to discoutinue 
th( Shorthand I>epart- 

w t hn\ e been much 
l)rttsed for space, and 
us been n question 
^ot ceusing to treat pho- 
- - . regular dtpartmont or to 

increase the si7l of Tiik Johrnai,. The 
former alternative « ill be adopted bcgin- 
niLg with the next issue. It is not neces- 
sary to discuss at length the reasons that 
have proihiced such a decisioo. Those 
directly interested (who showed tiieir in- 
terest as requested in last month's Jour- 
nal) will be personally communicated 
with. During the three and a half ywirs in 
which shorthand has been a promineDt 

tl e later mod ti at ons of the system 
au ho p act ces t have been i t n co 
ven ent forn for the tudent s e is h is 
ra ch of the other sho tl n i r pt that 
I a. appea ed hTheJou na These ad 
d on have grc tly s e gthe ) an I en 
r ched h 1 teratu e of the Mun on sy 
tem and t w U hardly be |ue t oned that 
ne\ to ts autho M s Packa d 1 is done 
mo e than anj one e e for the ys em 

F om the pen nan s po nt of v ew 
he d s out nuance of he Shorthand De 

fifth of T IF 

. pages 
I of one 

1 t ment F g 

Mr. Packard has published in pam- 
phlet form his paper ou " The Possibilities 
and Limitations of Business College 
Wo k." which provoked so much vigor- 
ous comment when read at the B. E. A. 
convention last summer. The paper ap- 
pea s with some additions, which are e.v- 
p a ed in the author's characteristic pref- 
ace as follows: 
The paper here printed was read at the an- 
ua meeting of the Business Ediicatoi-s' Asso 
e at on of America, held in Cleveland, Ohio, 
m July, 188». In view of the strictures made 
upon it, the author was privileged to revise it 
fo publication in the regular report. Instead 
the eof, he has preferred to print it as it was 
ead together with the discussion which it 
e ted, and a few concluding suggestions, and 
to p esent it in this form to whom it may con- 
ce n Nobody is expected to read it, and few 
wi attempt to; but, all the same, it has 
eem d best to print it. 

The new matter ot the pamphlet dis- 
cusses The Business College as a Profes- 
onal School, The Constituency and the 
Pa t cular Work of Business Colleges. 
Ln a gement of Studies, School Equip- 

Ca , Business College. iPhoto-EngtOPed.) 

It out for a year this will practically give 
the subscriber two and a half extra num- 
bers of the paper. 

• Pbnmen have shown by their e.\- 
prossed appreciation of The Jodrnai/s 
"comics'" that they enjoy a good laugh 
OS well as other folks. Another fact 
clearly cstabh'shel by the introduction of 
tliis humorous feature, is that a number of 
our bright penmen are perfecting them- 
selves in the technical details of drawing 

a most desirable thing for a person who 
is to get his living by the pen to do. To 
give an impetus to this talent we offer a 
copy of "Ames" Compendium" to who- 
ever shall send tiie most acceptable humor- 
ous sketch or sketches for reproduction in 
The Journal by April 1 next. If a aeries, 

there should not be 

Designs may be for singh 

column plates. Of course « 

to be as bright and funny 

but they must not be coarse 

Mr. Webb's pictures of tht teacher who 

drilled by music, and Mr. Wallace's *• Beat 

Penman " are offered as good examples. 

ish them 

had a good time 

Tre W. p. a. 

and a profi*-ab!e me 
any one may see who reads the report of 
the proceedings in the current Journal. 
We had hoped to be able to show how the 
members looked as the Des Moines pho- 

ment, Help from the Outside, Systematic 
Quest of Knowledge, and suggests the 
adoption of a school exercise that has 
prrtved of gieat benefit to the author's 
pupils— a daily exercise in public speak- 
ing, in which alt the students are required 
to take p.:rt. 

"We make a sPEciAi-Tv of teaching 
actual Business writing." That is the sort 
of announcement we see in some of the 
school circulars. But do not all writing 
schools do the same '{ Certainly all that 
are worthy the name. The aim of the 
conscientious teacher is to have hU pupils 
gain a mastery over those muscles that 
are best adapted to handling the pen; to 
teach him grace and simplicity of form 
and the value of uniformity and orderly 
arrangement. If the lesson be intelligently 
learned, the result must be the greatest 
practicable speed-ability of which the 
hand of the particular pupil is capable 
without sacrificing legibility and neatness. 

That is what the business man wants 

just that, and a writing school which does 
not teach it ought to be n ade to close its 
doors. At the same time it is ridiculous 
to say that the advanced pupil should ba 
deb'irred from developing his hand to the 
higher professional standard if he desires 
to make any professional use of it. Sneer- 
ing at professional hand-writing, we fear, 
is chiefly confined to institutions that are 

bn't this a clever copy of the bird il- 
lustration on page 176 of The Journal 

for December ? It was drawu by 

who can tell us ? The name got detached 
from the drawing and we are as much in 
the dark as any one. But whoever he 
be, the copy is well made, and we mingle 
congratulations with our a|K)]ogies. Per- 
haps someone will put us on the track so 
that we may announce the name next 

It is only proi)er to add in this con- 
nection that, in the copy from which 
the above was produced, the back- 
ground had been laid in with tlie same 
fidelity that marks the portion presented. 
This, however, could not be photo- 
engraved, on account of the weakness and 
grayness of the lints. Apparently they 
had been put in properly with India ink 
and then ground down with an eraser to 
produce the gray effect of the original. 
The process was successful enough in its 
effect upon the drawing, but the lines 
were too weak and colorless to be photo- 
graphed on the plate. 

The next best copy of this design was 
submitted by G. F. Atkinson, Holliday, 
Kan. It was very well done, but even 
had it been as good as the above, the 
purple ink iu which it was drawn would 
have prevented our making a plate of it. 
Already several good copies of the little 
artistic design printed on the bottom of 
page 10 of the January Journal, have 
been received. There is still time for 
others before the printing of the next 
Journal, when they will have attention. 
The best results from the two designs in 
this paper, at the bottom of the title page 
and at the head of second column of this 
page, respectively, will have attention ■ 
in The Journal for April. As before 
stated, we shall be glad to review original 
work in this connection, as well as copies, 

not prosperous enough to employ the ser- 
vices ot capable professional penmen. 

The note printed on the first page of 
this issue is the first of a serits which will 
comprise about all the conmiercial forms 
employed in ordinjiry tomnu-tciiil tninsac 

'The Best Peninati." 

DlOlt-ulty 111 '*Ni>olUnu" HIiu. 

We are proud to remark that the efforts 
of our artist, Mr. Wallace, begun last 
month and perfected this, to solve a 
problem of the highest interest to tin- pen- 
manship brotherhood, biive met nilli 1h- 

those must intcrTsteU. A biUkittiil ,-ni;ill 
basket) of letters have been rtc(i\.(| troin 
people who have long known the " be-st 
penman" quite as intimately iis though 
he were their own brother, or even nearer 
of kin for that matter. 

There's Harvey Bookslaver, of Chicago, 
who modestly admits that he's "nO 
slouch " of a penman himself, and that a 
one'-eyed man can see that the screen con- 
ceals the features of Lyman V. Siuiictr. 
Several others are quite as iir>^jiivi> m 

their identiticntiou. while i! iinuv 

agree that the mysterious i 

UV .^,.-ll> hi.. 

name with a "Sjicncer." nc 

niiittiT what 

the front trimmings may be. 

"Nothing can be clearer," 
Dalrymple, Fort Smith, Ark. 

writes A. J. 

"than that 


the modest Ri-ntlemaD is H. \V. Flickin- 
gt-r. If there were any doubt to speak 
of I should give the benefit of it to 
Modorasz." Louis Keller, of New York, 
who has a hnbit of winning Journal 
prizes, after paying the editor a delicate 
compliment to secure attention, also 
nominates Bro, Flickinger. 

"That goat knows whafs what," writes 
F. O. Ball. Frederickstown, Ohio, "and 
when he gets through I know we shall get 
a s.jiiare look at D. H. Farley." But even 
in the Ball family all is not harmony on 
this momentous question, for here we 
have Walter L. writing from the same town 
to say that the peek-a-boo party is none 
other than C. P. Zaner. A. G. Bottomley, 
Uomeo, Mich., is of the same opinion, and 
W. S. Chase, Madison, N. H., wouldn't 
care to write cards for any one who 
couldn't see that it is either Zaner or 

M. Vernon Hell, Upper Marlliorough. 
Md.. cannot tell a lie even to spare the 
editor's feelings, and writes it D. T. 

The hat would fit Isaacs or Schofield or 
Shaylor according to E. Bowers, of West 
Bowersville. Ga. W. II. Adams, White 
Hock, Texas, is cock sure that M. B. Moore 
is the man ; failing in this. Dakin. 

"lam anxious to see the gentleman," 
writes E. H. Robins, Wichita, Kan. " I 
think it is Madarasz or should be." J. H. 
Cottle, Fort Russell, Wvo., echoes the 
sentiment with D. B. Wilfiams as second 

But why prolong it ? The gentlemen 
suspected are hardly Jess numerous than 
the reality, as depicted by Brother 
Wallace, aided and abetted by the indus- 
trious and discriminating goat. As the 
author sugge-sts, if any cap in this proces- 
sion fits you, why wear it. 

Best Poniuan, *' by lila Dlacoveror. 

[Purloined from a Private Letter.} 

EuiTOK OF The Journal: 

Apropos of the "Best Penman," pic- 
torially considered by installments in Jan- 
uary and current issues, you will observe 
that the goat has been faithful, and that 
whereas he wus bony and poor as any 
Hnrlem kid you ever saw, now he is obese, 
not to say plethoric, inconsequence of his 

I suppose you never saw such a dummv 
penman before as the one oa which Uncle 
Sam has "the grip." — at least not at a 
convention. Without venturing to present 
the biography, anti^cedents and personal 

Occasionally yours, 

Walt. Wallace. 
Shenandoah, lotoa. 


meot, "The Point of View.'' the Bayre exhi- 
bition. Tliarkeray's life, the French as artists 
and social life in priut are discussed. 

—The Critic. edit#d by MissGilder, is genor- 
allj rerognized as the highest literary author- 
ity in this country. It is the special pet primer 
of the piMipte who make literature a profession 
—those who get their living by writing, which 
includes some who do a good deal of writing 
for very little living. The Critic U published 
weekly at 7-13 Broadway. New York. 

Found at Last I- "The Best Penman." Do You See Your Hat? 

tvry a richly illnstrated account of the i-ecent 
remarkable discoveries at Bubastis, Egypt, 
The number contains a timely sketch of Prof. 
James Bryce, author of " The American Com- 
monwealth ; " an illustrated paper on Dauraier, 
the celebrated French caricaturist, by Henry 
James; a very full installmentof the Jeffei-son ' 

and letters, and gives its readers the best that 
is to be had from the other side. 

- The January St. Nicholas fullv warrants 
the promise that it was to be virtually a second 
Christmas number. Of contributions pecul- 
iarly seasonable may be noted: Harriet Pres- 

to say that the cheeky 
man with a head too large for 
his hat, viay be there simply in 
the capacity of a brass band at 
the head of the procession (in 
which he is not unlike sonic 
penmen we know of). Tbi_- 
seedy party with the timothy in 
his hat may be only a spec-tator 
after all. He of the sombrero, 
despite his appearance, is not 
Wildbiood Bill, the Roaring 
Rooster of the Rockies, nor 
cowboy, but simply n 



Y^^n^iTz/ .=U.^^i>i/-i<e'-;-i-c/' J.g?^^, u/^/ie^/ 

i^l/iC^". C^/fft^yy 

i:z<i^€^t' /zrr-'/i^^^iyi/iCA C<Ut^yyie7 /m-ipi^/^. 

.■idual who has made his mark 
and who does it still, instead 
of working off a flourished sig- 
nature. Like James Wbitcomb 
Hiley and myself his eyes 
"don't work right," and 
so perhaps he has no designs 
on the goat after all, though 
his optic? are fixed in that di- 

Deal gently with the dude 
and don't tell Harg^s about thar 
"Rue?t lady ■penman."' 

If you know of anv ]' i:iii 

big enough to fill th:il -nj[ d, 
kind enough to drop im i [, .- 
tal card. Uncle Sam ;iii.l I :ir( 
hunting for him. As I wjis 
about to say a while ago, how- 
ever, this portrait ought to be 
satisfactory to all your readers. '""' 

Each of them can by the exer- _-_-^ --^^ 
cise of a few mental gymnastics 
locate his own hat in this picture, and 
thus find himself famous. 

I think I have here all of the tery finest 
— those who indisputably occupy perches 
in the top notch. If any have been over-* 
looked it was wholly unintentional and 
they will please write me, inclosing 
stamped envelope for autograph apology. 
I don't know bow many of him there 
are. but it i^; a good deal. The records — 
such as penmen's circulars, catalogues of 
business colleges and the penmen's papers 
will show it. By my rough calculation 

autobiography and other intei'estiiig features. 
The short stories of the number are not re- 

— " Tripoli of Barbary " is the title of a pic- 
turesque descriptive article in Sci-ibner^s for 
Jauu.-'xy. Text and picttirea are by A. P. 
Jacassy, Octave Tbanet begins b serial, " Ex- 
piation." The first imtallment is promising. 
This story is illustrated by the matchless Frost, 
who also spriukles some very fuuny pictures 
over the advertising pages— not the leostattract- 
ive feature of the magazine. In the new depart- 

cott Spofford's poem. " The Yule-Lo^'s Song ; ' 
" In the Tenement," a ir^ntle rcuiiiKkT. l>v 

Malcolm Douglas ; ■ < im tr ri,. Til, 

by Grace F. tv-'lil 
telling of a new 1 1 i 
New-fashioned Cln I ' . i 

verse, by Julie M. Lii'I^hmjih lh'I i Il> < li. 

ingirtory. "The Litllt- Hiitti-uwiH-l .Man,' l.v 
Helen P. Strong. Thw lioDtis|iitce is an 
original engraving by F. French, and Hhows a 
lovely child whose bright face shows her to be 
'• Ready for a New Year." 

William Peno's handkerchief was 
original peo-wiper. — Boston Courier. 


tyiNfi DRlTTWOOn 

O ship!) of mine, w 

The enchanted si. .„^_, .. 

Are these poor fragment* only loft 

Of vain desires and hopes that failed I 

Did I not watch from them the light 
Of miuwt on my towers in Spain, 

And ace, far off, uploom in sight 
The Happy Isles I might not gain f 

Alas the ^a an 

b u d A Iventure s emu d m t. 
Ho ve hey a d the courses fail il 

Seeking a good bevoud n y o 

B} lear-eye II y p 

1 al Rasohid walking yet 
Take with you. on your Sea of Di-eams, 

The fair, fond fancies dear to yoiitli, 
1 turn from all that only seems. 
And seek the ctolwr grounds of truth. 
WTiat matter that it is not May, 

That birds have flown, and trees aw bare. 
That dorkei- grows the shortening day, 

And coldc blows the wintry air ! 
The wrecks of iui»iion and desire. 

The castles I no more rebuiM, 
May fitly feed my diiftwix..] fiie, 

And worm Ih.* hands that aj;*^' has cliilled. 
Whatever poiishfil with my .ships, 

I only know the best reniniiis; 
A song of praise is on mv lips 

For losses which are now my gains. 
Heap high my hearth 1 No worth is lost; 

No wisdom with the folly dies. 
Burn on, poor shreds, your holocaust 

Shall be my evening sacrifice ! 
Pai- more than all I dared to dream. 

Unsought before my door I see; 

And holier siijus, unmai-ked before. 

Of Lovp to sefk and Power to save — 
The lightiiii; r,f the wroui^ed and poor, 

riends whom Heaven has 

My tender memories of the dead- 
Dear souls who lelt us lonely hei 

Where every bark has saihi 

V the sole J 

That whimper of the Eternal Sea. 
As low mv fires of drift- wuod bum, 

I hear that sea's di-cp sountU iniTease, 
And. fair m sunset lii^ht, disceiTi 

Its mirage-lirtt'd IhTi-s of Pence. 

—From (he Indi'jiendent. 


id.— N 

We hftVL* to call on our friends again. This 
time it is Jodrnals for last November that 
we are short of. Who can hetpuaf Every 
one counts, and we will give full value. 

We can siill supply copies of The Journal 
for December and January, and new subsnip- 
tions may he dated back to begin with the 
year. Many of our ^ubscri hers have bought 
extra copies of thme two numbers for the 
many beautiful and elaborate specimens they 
contain. They preserve one copy and cut up 
the others for the benefit of their scrupbooks. 

<jf his book I 

III has had it introJuced as a text- 

1 number of schools, That's u good 

—The steady growth in the Hales of Putmau 
& Kinsley's Series of f<e»^ong in Plain Writing 
is a substantial i*ecognition by the public of the 
merits of that work. Popularity is not al- 
ways indicntlve of merit, but in this etuie merit 
ded iwpularity. 


—For twenty-four years tbe Iowa City Com- 
nierriul (oUego, hus tiijoyed the confidence of 
tbe tTitri ).iivjii;^ iiiiiirminity in which it is lo- 
calcil .1 H W illunns is principal; P. T. 
Bi'iitMii. iIm' 1 < iiiii;ni-liiii director, aiiii J. E. 
Biinji^ t ^ tlir ~li"j'tliuQd contingent. 

— Tbe auuual prospectus of tbe Toronto 
Busiueto College very intelligently pi-esents the 
claims of that institution, besides describing 
tbe beauties of the city of Toronto. J. M. 
Crowley is manager of the college ; W. M. 
Douglas the penman. 

—Tbe Frogressive Aye, which coujes from 
tbe National Business College, Kansas City, 
Mn., presents various good examples of oma- 
muntal penwork by H. W. Benton, penman of 
tbe college. 

— Tbe students of the College of Commerce, 
Irvington, Cal., publish a beautifully illus- 
trated quarterly called The {iuMness Edu- 
ciitor. The current issue is ornamented with 
soma of J. F. Cozart's dajihing jwnwork. 

— C. C. Mariug, joint proprietor of the 
Seattle, Washington Business College, isa pen- 
man of very superior attainmeuts. 

— We have received a very unique and at^ 
tmctive brochui-e settiug forth the advantages 
of the San Diego, Cal., Commercial College. 
The proprietors, A. W. Atherton and O. P. 
Koerting, seem to be pushing men. 

— Keep your eye on this young man— A. 
Philbrick, Nashville, Tenn. We have shown 
his oi-namental work occasionally. It is strong 
and full of promisie. 

— F. W. H. Wiesebalm, who for a number 
of years has been well known as one of the 
lending prnffssioiial pemnen. lias been ap- 
]Hiinterl CUii-f Deputy Collector of Internal 
Kt'V.-iiue for tbe Hrst district of Missouri. His 
headquarters are at St. Louis. Weisebalm 
well deserves his good foi-time. 

— WarHner's Mon thly is the name of a nicely 
printed and carefully edited publication of six- 
teen large pages devoted to commercial educa- 
tion. W. A. Warriner. of the Jamestown 
N. Y., Business College, is behind the enter- 

—Mr. Charles E. Cady, the well-known busi- 
ness college man, has assumed charge of the 
shorthand department of the Jei-sey City Busi- 

— Tbe B. & S. Business College, Louisville. 
Ky., celebrated its twenty-flfth anniverBary 
recently. Tbe exercises were participated in 
by more than three hundred students and 

— N. C. Bi-ewator, penman of the Elmirn, 
N. Y., Business College, is master of a sym- 
metrical style of writing calculated to make 
his eori-espi.ndeuts Iwth happy and enthusi- 

— TheSehool Visitor, Madison, Wis., reflects 
the eulerprise and tntelligenoe of a progres- 
sive commercial achool. 

— CurtisB and Chapman's Business Colleges. 
Minneapolis and St. Paul, Minn., have opened 
up since the holidays with an increased attend- 
ance, and will have .unusually large graduut- 
iug classes this spring. Besideti tbe veterans 
at the head tbe vigorous personality of young 
Mr. W. H. Curtiss is a potent factor in tbe 
succeiss of theite school& 

— J. K, White, an excellent business writer, 
is the new penman of the Beatrice, Neb., Busi 
ness CoUet;e. 

—St. Mary's School, Baton Rouge, La., is a 
progressive literary institution, which by no 
means ignores the practical branches pf edu- 
cation. Miss L. F. Smith is principal. 

— Speaking of unique advertisements, a de- 
sign in the shape of a money order from the 
Atchison, Kan., Business College, is one of the 
cleverest of i"ecent ideas. 

— McCulloh & Ernest, proprietors of the 
Shamokiu, Pa., Business College, report busi- 
ness good and growing. They issue a paper 
called the BH)tiness Advorate. 

— " I made over $2.')0 last j'ear besides my 
salary. Much of that amount was for engross- 
ing resolutions, and to The Journal I owe 
much of my success in that line, as it gives me 
an inspiration to higher attainments." So 
wi-ites a subscriber of long standing. C. C, 
Runnells, of Chicago. 

— The new year was appropriately ushered 
in at the Iowa Business College, Des Moines, by 
literary and musical exercises in the school- 
rooms. Principal Jennings opened the pro- 
ceedings with an address of welcome. 

— They do things up in great shape in the 
Centennial State, Manager Herbert 8, Ue- 
SoUar, of tbe Central Business College, Denver, 
received from his pupils and teachers on Christ- 
mas a solid silver dinner service. The presen- 
tation speech was made by C. E. Cummings, 
of Chicago, whose effort was highly compli- 
mented by the Denver papers, 

—The penmanship of D. C. Rugg, of the 
Archibald Business College, Minneapolis, is 
not distinguished by " frills and curlicues," but 
it is particularly easy and graceful and you 
never go astray on a word — which is the very 
best thing that can be said in favor of a busi- 
ness man's writing. 

— The Grand Prairie Seminary and Commer- 
cial College, Onargo, 111., gives evidence 
through its cubalog\ie of a very healthy tttate 
of affairs. Tbe commercial branch is in 
charge of N. L. Richmond, a well-equipped 
teacher and superior penman. A good many 
JoDBNALS find their way into this school. 

— Principal Taylor, of Taylor's Business 
College, Rochester, N. Y., was made proud by 
a handsome Christmas gift from his pupils in 
the shape of an ebony walking-cane with a 
gold head. 

—Washington College, Irvington, Cal., has 
a fine building smToiuided by beautiful 
grounds, as we learn from prints received. J 
Durham is president of this school. 

— Lenox College, Hopkinton, Iowa, has a 
commercial department under the superin- 
tendence of Harry M. McKee. Penmanehip, 
shorthand aud bookkeeping have his special 

— Few schools that we know of exercise 
more judgment in what may be termed 
" fancy " advertising Uterature than Hill's Colleges, Dallas and Waco, Texas 
Pi'om the latter end of the line we have a cer- 
tificate of deposit and bill of exchange for hap- 
piness and pnisperity unlimited for the new 
yeai'. But the best of all is a diary in the 
sbaiNi of a miuiatuie ledger, in covers colored 
to represent the leather trimmings. There are 
a number of bright silhouettes within to 
remind a person to begin the month good- 

— E. B. Guion, of the faculty of the Washing- 
ton, Pa., Business College, is a gentleman of 
many accomplishments, both intellectual and 
social. He was educated at Heidelberg, Ger- 
many, the seat of tbe great university. 

—Principal C. T. Miller, of the New Jersey 
Business College, Newark, was i-ecently the re- 
cipient of a handsome clock presented as a 
token of appreciation by his pupils. Tbe pupils 
of this school are not at all lacking intbocvwrii 
de corps, which is the mark of every well con- 
ducted and successful 

— B, C. Meeker, proprietor of the Hot 
Springs, Ark., Commercial Institute, says the 
people of bis section ai'e more than ever before 
alive to tbe advantage of a practical education. 

—The Metropolitau Busi 

in the foreground. In the general scheme of 
ornamentation which surrounds this are pre- 
sented views of the college rooms intei-spersed 
with decorative designs. Proprietor 0. M, 
Powers is evidently a good business manager, 
as eminently becomes a teacher of business. 

— A. McDaniel, late teacher of penmanship 
at Neumann's ColIeg;e, Austin, Texas, has ac- 
cepted a similar position with tbe commercial 
department of the Prairie Lea, Texas, College. 

—Some peiimeii liavt? two stv!i-s— one for 

that polished completeness that distinguishes 

— One of the best known educational institu- 
tions for young ladies in the South is the 
Saleju, N. C, Female Academy. For eighty- 
five years it has been in contmuous and suc- 
cessful operatioa. 

— Milhnau's Business College. Raleigh, N, C, 
opened with a big boom on January o. The 
citizens appear from the local press accounts 
to have welcomed the enterpr^e very cor- 
dially, Priiicipiil Milliiiaii is a m mi of great 

riage with Miss Miir\ i; l.i|.|iiit I hf happy 
event took TplacL-iit .Nm wi, ii uii J^uhihit 8th. 
Principal C. S, Peir>, ■■< ilir Wmli.l.l. Kan., 
Business College, ami Mi.-i.s Libbie Spindler 

Joined bauds for a journey over the golden 
lighway at W infield on December 23. 
— Nothing better illustrates the hold that the 
business schools have upon the .AnnTican pub- 
lic than the quality of the lit^'iatm.' iIi'miIi-'- 

seminate for advertising pur|"'~.< - sv ', 

Busintss^ College ■' 

Normal Bu'nness College, Y'l 

I Uu.- 

1H..111 wLiKli they em- 

uplisbed writer, 

neatly to ornamental jjenwork. 

—The Journal has received from J. Witt- 
maun, a former pupil of Coleman's Business 
College, Newai-k, a well-written account of the 
presentation to Mr. Coleman of resolutions of 
respect for the memory of Mrs. Coleman, 
whose sudden death was noted in these columns 
last month. Lack of space alone prevents our 
""■"■-"" ' " " '^ The 

Stai'key of the faculty, ivho spoke earnestly L. 
behalf of pupils and students. Mr, Coleman 
responded feelingly. The memorial was en- 
grossed by Mr. Starkey. Tbe design, says Mi-. 
Wittmaun, is a model of harmony in which 
sixteen different styles of letters are blended 
drowings and emblems, giving 

< dimensions. Mr. Starkey considers tbe 

— W. P. Garrett, who makes his beadquar- 

that section. He finds the business bolh 
pleasant and profitable. A variety of speci- 
mens sent us attest his capabilities both as a 


— Our Scrapbook is enriche<l this month by 

Little Rock, Ark., Commercial College 
also contributes a beauty in this line, as does 
E, E. Gardner, penman of the Ottumwa, 
Iowa, Business CoHcge. 

— H, Wagner, Jr., an ambitious young pen- 
man of Philadelphia, sends us some well-made 
exercises in neatly written letter. Other work 
in this line deserving special mention comes from 
Louis Keller, New York, (winner of two or three 
Journal prizes): G. Millman, Raleigh, N, C , 
Business College, who has a bold, dashing 
style; E. T. Suggs, one of the latter's assist- 
ants, whose t-'riK'etuI swi.'eps would attract at- 
tention lULVN i. I . ■::■] I, I; Sullivan, pen- 
man of N' i ' 'Itige, Memphis, 
Tenn.— Willi m << I imm- to the lines. 

>rge K. 

e creditable alike to him and his teacher. 

executed by L, 

corpora tes resolution •- ..i i . -[.I'l i n ^m 
pupils of the Elniir.'i ri.iic-. ,.[ rmin 
to the memory of their late I'ellow-stu 
WUliam F. Naylor. It is well laid out. g 
ful in composition and shows much skill. 

iclcopii-sl.yN. I,. Rr 

are the) >4 1 
and J. Wit 


jA. ^^<r. 


By O. J. Pmro.f, College Sprlngi, la. 

Instruction in Pen-Work. 


Outline the bird and sketch in the large 
feuthers of wing and tail with pencil, 
(tuttinc in ink such portion of branches as 
arc to Hhow in front of birr], and then 
shade it np, using n 30:J pen, or a finer 
one if desired. In shading a large 
feather put ou the «hort strokes first, then 
the black part, if any, and finish with the 
lonfi ones. Hatching lines may lie put 
over the whole at points where desired, to 
subdue harsh lines and give depth of 
shade. Make the long lines on back of 
bird in sections, bringinf> theni close to- 
gether, hut not joining them, and put on 
the hutching to cover the breaks. 

When the bird is complete outline the 
branches and put in the foliage, aiming to 
bring dark portions against the light part 
ol bird, if a strong contrast is wanted. 

The foliage is made with the most care- 
less stroke imaginable, and requires no 

'• I was ver)' agreeably surjiriseil to receive 
such a valuable and wel!-bound book (' Payne's 
Business Letter-Wnter ') as my special prem- 
ium for a single new subscription." — J. L. 
Hallstroni, Gustavus Adolpbus College, St. 
Peter. Minn. 

From (he Pacific Coa«f.—" I am well pleased 
with my Dickens premiums, consider tbeni 
very cheap books at the price they are of- 
fered and would recommend them to all who 
enjoy reading good novels." — W. L. Coleman, 
Whatcom. Washington. 

Last week we had an order for the Dickens 
premium from a subscritier at CJlasgow. Scot- 

The Velocity of Light. 

Light moves with the amazing velocity 
of 185,000 miles a second, a speed a mil- 
lion tunes as great a.s that of a rifle bullet. 
It would make the circuit of the earth's cir- 
cumference at the equator, seven times in 
one beat of the peodidum. For a long 
time light was thought to be instantaneous, 
but it is now known to have a measurable 
velocity. The discovery was first made 
by means of the eclipse of Jupiter's satel- 
lites. Jupiter, like the earth, casts a 
shadow, and when his moons pass through 
it they are eclipsed, just as our moon is 
eclipsed when passing through the earth's 

By H. W. Kibbp, Hhistrating Accompanying Lesson. Photo- Engraved. 

skill but 
branches ■ 

little practice. Shade the 
ith short lines from light to 

Rvcrrbodv LlkcM TIteiii. 

We thank our subscribers who have taken ad- 
vantage of our new special premium offers for 
many kind things said about Ibese premiums. 
We have had a big run mi Dickons" nnJ 
Scott's works ami theuthtrli-iDk^ nml not Miie 
woi-d of complaint has U-tu n,._-\v,;[. Tln-st- 
few expressions from a giwit imiuli^r sliuw 
how the tide is running: 

Fi-om New Enyland .—" 1 think the Dick- 
ens pi-emiuni works a superb edition for the 
j)ricc."— W. A. Green, Pi-octoi-svihe, Vt. 

" Until receiving the Dickens' works with 
my renewal to THE Journal. I bad uever re- 
alized that "a t2-bill could possess as much 
purchasing power as tfl."— (.'boiter Ashley, 
Camiiello. hass. 

From the South.- " The Dickens premiums 
me the cheapest liooks I ever purchased. 
Mvicb belter (ban I had expected."— W. A. 
Heaphy, Fort Payne, Ala, 

From the Interior.—" Comparing the cost 
of my Scott's premium works to their value_ 
they are in reality a present and cannot fail to 
give perfect fatitfaction."— G. J. Hendricks, 
Pittsburgh, Pa. 

From the West.—"Uy Dickons' and Scott's 
special premiums both received, and I am 
highly pleased with them. It is astonishing 
how Huch books can be produced for so little 
money."- Dftvid,0. Hart. Waukegan, 111. 
' I have i-eceived my special premiums, 

' PBJ^le'8 Business Letter-Wi 

Swiss Family Robinson,' for the two subscrip- 


tions I sent you. Tlie letter-writer I 
daily to dlotite from to advanced pupils and 
find it very complete. The expi-essions con- 
tained therein ai-y such os will give the student 
preparing for a biLsiness career correct ideas 
of terseness and form. I am much pleased 
with both bimks."— Carrie A. Pbj^ous. teacher 
of stenography. Parsons' Busiuess College, 

shadow. Jupiter's shadow far surpasses 
in magnitude that of the earth. His 
moons revolve around him much more 
rapidly than our moon revolves around the 
earth, and their orbits are nearly in the 
plane of the planet's orbit. Consequently 
they all, with the exception of the fourth 
and most distant satellite, pass through 
the planet's shadow, and are eclipsed at 
every revolution. Roemer, a Danish as- 
tronomer, made in 1675 some curious obser- 
vations in regard to the times of the oc- 
currence of these eclipses. Wheu Jupiter 
is nearest the earth the eclipses occur about 
16 minutes earlier than when be is most dis- 
tant from the earth. The dilT.-reuce in di t- 
tance between the two points is about 
185.000,000 miles, the diameter of the 
earth's orbit, or twice her distance from 
the sun. It takes light, therefore, 16 min- 
utes to traverse the diameter of the earth's 
orbit, and half that time to span the dis- 
tance between the sun and the earth. Light 
is thus shown to travel 185,000 miles in a 
second and to take eight minutes — or more 
exactly 500 seconds— in coming from the 
sun to the earth. It follows that we do 
not sec the sun until eight minutes after 
sunrise, and that we do see him eight 
minutes after sunset. Wheu we look at a 
star we do not s.e the star as it now is 
but the star as it was several years ago. 
It takes light three years Xo come to us 
from the nearest star,' and were it suddenly 
blotted from the sky, we should see it 
shining there for three years to come. 
There are other methods' of finding the 
velocity of light, but the satellites of Ju- 
piter lii-t irv-iiiil lU progressive move- 

t)arguiD. Any" 

and constantly >ri' 

Only il&Ocasba 


The Journal's special premiums have been more popular this year than ever. They in- 
clude breech-loading shot guns, rifles, watches, hundreds of bo<jWs upon every conceivable 
topic, and many other things which we haven't space here to mention. If you arc interested 
send ten cents for a copy of the December Journal, which lias a full two-page list. The 
following are now offered for the first time : Yon may fiet a New Set of DIokeilH* World- 

Popular Novels for only tblrty-flve cents by sending a sin^lo new subscription. 

This is how to work it ; Induce one of your friends to subscribe at the regidar price of 
$i,oo with the 'regular premium. When you forward his subscription add 35 cents (making 
$1.35 in alll and we will send you, mailtd frft, D1CKEN8' CoMPLtTE Works bound in twelve 
well-made paper books, size %% x 12 inches. We guarantee that this set is absolutely una- 
bridged or will refund money and make you a handsome present. The above is for a nr:v 
subscription; for a renewal or extension of a subscription the price will be $1.50. and no reg- 
ular premium will be sent. Think of this offer. Tell your friends about it and give them a 
chance to get for a song the works of the most popular novelist that ever wrote. To give you 
an idea of the size of these books, we will say that if you mailed them the postage alone 
would cost you forty-two cents. In the above offer we pay all postage. 

t^^This offer does not conflict or in any way interfere with" the offer of a different set of 
Dickens (smaller books) in the December and January Journal, for $1.75 with new sub- 
scription and |2.oo with renewal. 

Cooper's Incomparable Indian Tales. 

Five Famous Books for 1 5 

It is not necessary to tell American youth 
.ibout Cooper's Leather-Stocking Tales, the 
most exciting and interesting, and most pop- 
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Never before has there been such a chance to 
get them as we here offer. Kor only $1.15 we 
will give a iif7ti subscription with regular prem- 

The Prairie. 

The Pathfinder. 

The Pioneer. 

The Deerslayer. 

The Last of the Mohicans. 



In the case of a 
scription the oric 
regular premium. 

be $i.3<i without the 

That our friends may see the style of type 
and size of these works, we give below one of 
the plates from which the books were printed. 



" 'Tis as 3'ou say, above the left ear , he smiles, too, 
and mutters the word ' Mohican.' " 

" God be praised, 'tis the Sarpent at last ! " exclaimed 
t)ie young man, suffering the line to slip through his 
hands, until hearing a light bound in the other end of 
the craft, he instantly checked the rope, and began to 
haul it in again, under the assurance that his object was 

At that motuent the door of the cabin was opened 
hastily, and a warrior, darting through tlie little room, 
stood at Deerslayer's side, simply uttering tlie exclama- 
tion "Hugh! " At the next instant Juditli ami Hetty 
shrieked, and the air was filled with the yell of twenty 
savitges, who came leaping through the branches down 
the bank, some actually falling headlong into the water 
in their haste. 

"Pull, Deerslayer," cried Judith, hastily barring the 
door, in order to prevent an inroad by the passage 
through which the Delaware had just entered ; "pull 
for life and death — the lake is full of savages wading 
after us ! " 

The young men — for Cliingacligook immediately 
came to his friend's assistance — needed no second bid- 
ding, but they applied themselves to their task in a 
way that showed how urgent they deemed the occasion. 
The great difficulty was in suddenly overcoming the 
vis inertioi of so large a mass ; for once in motion, it was 
easy to cause the scow to skim the water with all the 
necessary speed. 

*' Pull, Deerslayer, for Heaven's sake ' " criud Judith 
again at the loop. "These wretches rush into the 
water like hounds following their prey ! Ah ! — the scow 
rauves ! and now the water deepens to the arm-pits of 
the foremost, still they rush forward, and will seize the 
ark ! " 

A slight scream, and then a jnyous laugh followed 
from the girl; the fir^^t luoduced by a desperate effort 
of their pursuers, and the last by its failure ; the scoW; 
whicli had uuw got fairly iu motion, gliding ahead into 

*T he regular premiums referred to above, choice of which we give with every subscription 
at 1^1. 00, are as follows : The Lord's Prayer size, (iq x 24 inches) ; Flourished Eagle (24 x 32) ; 
Flourished Stag (24 x 32) ; Centennial Picture of Progress (24 x 28) ; Grant Memorial (22 x 
28) ; Garfield Memorial (19 x 24) ; Grant and Lincoln Eulogy (24 x 30) : Marriage Certifi- 
cate (18 X 22) ; Family Record (18 x 22). These are beautiful and elaborate lithographs from 
pen and ink copy, all handsome and showy pictures for framing. Instead of one of these 
pictures the subscriber may receive a copy of Auks' Guide or Amks' New Copy Sr ifs. Both 
are works designed to teach penmanship, and are particularly adapted to self instruction. The 
chief point of difference between them is that the Guide is in book form while the Slips are 
detached copies, and for this reason more convenient to practice from If you select the 
GuiiiE and wish cloth instead of paper binding, send 25 cents exira. Address 

D. T. AMES, 202 Broadway, New York. 


In writing to Advertisers kindly 
say that you saw their notices in The 

ptof ed at pre&eat in a comme 
instructor of lK>ok-keci>ing, ^hrrtl 
manship, desires to matK^- a chaiitre 
a similar poeltioo in a good school, 
vondnc his work to the two branch 

f erred. Address 

elve experlon 
merlyprin. ipul ui 

R NALB — An old and established . 

College and School of ^hortlmnll. located 
nc of the "booming" -'"-- -- -■■-- "■-■* 
t Inrfte patronage. "' 

... J hundred dollars 
the first of September. 

_ reason for selling. Ad- 

? Penman's Aiit JouR^AL. iVo 

LECB lu the 

swake. enthusiast io tt 
One will be pririilpul 

fllve age, experienoe, reference and send photo 
and siwctmens. Address "ESTABLISHED," 
care of The Jouhnal. ^1 


teacher, offers yon tlicinlv MiiiaK-'- "( h is, exper- 
ience for One Dollnr. .M'lii iliJiri ,ii,i««i -itiidenta 

and hundredsof thciu hm' ^m > npi inu- Imiative 

Buy the old fogy's'"i.n!'k '1111.1"^'!! « I'll discover 
where some of the " N<'" Sih,.i.i " iiriMncn nmt 

ideas. Tbe WnrriN.; '!> >■ 111 n. 1 ■ =i.iHi. 

er Part third 18 dpvni,..! tn Irfi liiiii.l .tu-l am- 
bidextrous writers. Address oTT.VM A BUSI- 

The only business school in America that al- 
lows pupils one month trial free. 2-1 

■t^CALBNDAR FOR 1890.^ 

















































The ubovo IS vurj liai.-ly .i,,.! ,„.,it for nrtvf,- 
matter on a card to ii\' u.-. u v ,,i,iihar\ .n- 

^lOpe with a lottery 11 [mill n i-mu- pi.stuK.- 

K^eceiptof S'.^l'. ' ' ' >Ai. iiui 

"^ ^^^i^ - "EMS OF FLOURISHING. 


to learn to writ<? au elegant hand is to take 
Dakin's coui-se uf lessons by mail; onlj- |a.(Ki. 
It will be worth *1000 to you. 

The Myntcirr 

Our good friend McGiotv from the botho 

of the sea. 
Has bobbed up serenely just as dhry 

dhry coula be, 
For he had his wife's watherproof au 

jipogham umberella. 
And not a'dhrop of wather could {let ne; 

the jolly fellow — 
Dressed id his wife's Smday clothes. 

F -A- T K. I C K: ' S 

e series of rlfunt'lu irriltru r.ij)i>>. fro-ih I 
Ee, there being fifteen sht-ets i>a<'kcd in 1 

W. H. PATRICK. 643 N 


pHflersof thcnr 
our package of 1 

? best teachers, a 

t skillful and s>'stematic 
MAN P. .Sl'KXrEK. 

the acquisition of 8 

thirsting after s 

[n bodied in 1 

« wonderful ii 


compendium In the n 

in your work tea won 

. y these gooa words unsolicited. 

E. M. HUNT8IN0EH, Hartford, Conn, 
ying niiigniflcent movement. When I was hungering am 

i In penmanship, I would have given Ave dollars foi ' 


VESTEKVELT. London, Canada. 

Best Work on Shorthand Ever Written. 


The author of this work is Prof. Alfred Day, a shorthand 
reporter of 25 years' experience, author of " Aid to Graham,' 
" Shorthand Copy-Book," &c.. President of the Cleveland Sten- 
ographers' Association, Principal and Proprietor of Day's School 
of Shorthand. 

It does not pretend to be a new system. It presents Graham's 
System in a wonderfully simplified form, doing away entirely with 
the objections that have been made to that system by reason of 
its interminable complications. Prof. Day has removed these 
stumbling blocks, making the path of the student entirely plain. 

The results obtained by this work are unequaled in the history 
of shorthand teachers. The publishers will be glad to give scores 
of testimonials from those who have acquired proficiency in a re- 
markably short time with no other teacher than " Day's Complete 
Shorthand Manual." 

The book, beautifully printed and bound in cloth, will be sent 
by mail post-paid to any address on receipt of the price, $1.50. 


THE BURROWS BROTHERS CO., Publishers, ,., 
23 to 27 Euclid Avenue, - Cleveland, Ohic 

I AniCC 100,000 OEMOREST CORSETS rnrr 




By A Reliable House! 


I Demorest Ceteb'd Corsets ■«> 
„ „„„ ' Should., Brocoi PPR 

WjVVV " stocking Supporters ■IhH 

I Two Articles 



C <a 


Tbe Mm9. Demorast Corset a iliilJ 

stocking Sapporte 



17 EAST 14th STREET, NEW YORK. ^ ' 

Tills DiTer should b. taken adtintsge ot at ones as w« will give imt no more than 100.000 

th« Il,n,„r..t F..hlo. ..1 mwln, M^.hif,. Co. to bo n thoroii(hl7 r.U«bl« Urm 


I lessons dottcil at) If, in« , iii,-i ilu 
?aPdS." 50(1. Test order, ,aiit,.-llii 
baok.hand.Hll kiiid»or work.ooi-.: nny 
aoc. Trumetn^ay. I>. K. 111.AKG, 1 

iii«y Iw siiccerfsfully taught tin watt. Tticivforo 
wh)' not send $1 INlfordcssona and be convinced 
that I can lieln you. Write. Your letter will 
l-eeeive prompt attention. J. C. RMKHICK, 
OswcRO. N. Y. l-li 

-CK-- •TYPKWRn'KR,"5 riiRANKD 

IT ,Si)II,l,MrKIN(iR(^S 
': CLEARER J I'"" -.1.^ 

\^--2^Slrikiii|4 hc!i» l.k-iu^oTmsvJ^ 
W!!ltTol''*«o"«Lloi!i,P»''' ^^"^ 


than 50 Penm 

e of lessons by mail. 


of 12 lessons in plain peninansbip given by 
mail for «3.0(i. Teacher's course $.'5.00. 

A. W. DAKIN, Syracuse, N. 1'. 



r r 7.5 cents I will send you (! cards with 
il rs, roses, (grasses, etc.. raisedon each with 
kn fe. Your uauie written or raised, as you 
vibh The flowers look like wax work and 
these are positively tbe most beautiful cards 
in the world. A sample sent for 20 cents, 

A. W. DAKIN, Syracuse, N. Y. 

)K ALI- orders received within 30 days I will 
send 5flr. worth of pen work for Soc. 

[ 5 1 5 East State Street, Trenton, N.J. 

for «l.oo. It ia a 

W. IIAKIN, Kyi-aeuse, N. Y. 



YOU want 12 of the finest styles and 
combinations of your name you ever 
i^end 35 cents to 

A. W. DAKIN. Syracuse, N. Y. 



Send copy 
AriJoiimal. ISt-TS 



not ill " words." but 

mcnts is 15S greater than that of any other 

typewriter. Send for photo-copy of work. 


JOHN WATSON, Catonsville, Md., 

is the only person who teaches full reporting 
eoursc in Phonography FREE. Offer perniHnent. 
Stamp for pRrtlcuiat^. See December number of 
The Slinrthami Review for PRIZE ESSAY on 
the best method of teaching shorthand. 1-2 

A. W. DAKIN, Syracuse, N. Y. 


Standard Typewriter 




A Nit 

Embraces the Latest and Highest Achieve- 
ments of iDventive Skill. 

3'i7 BroadwR). N. V. 

Full line of Typewriter Supplies. «-12 



Is the best Type Writer. 

It is easier to learn and to operate, does better 
work, has more speed and is more durable than any 
other type writer. 

Shorthand taught by mail and personally. 

We have 300 pupils by mail. Situations procured 
all jiupih ir/u:n rompeUiit. We have been short of 
competent gentlemen stenographers for 18 months. Bookkeepers who are sten- 
ographers are in demand. Learn shorthand ; 








'-— V ^—0 


By H. J. Putman 4 W. J. Kimfcu- 
The beat-selling penmanship publicatlou be- 
fore the public. AGENTS nre mahiiiy MONEY 
handling it. YOU can make »5.00 a day easily. 
The Latest. Best, Most Complete 
and Cheapest thing of the kind. Seven- 
teen beautifully lithographed slii* and the 
H neat and mtiat explicit Instruction Book 
published; enclosed in a neat and 3Ul)stantial 
case; mailed toaoy part of the world for One 
Dollar. Send for our new descriptive oiroular 
giving testimonials, &v. 

Pntman & Kinsley's Pens. 

No. I.— Uoublc-elastic. for students' prac- 

ishing, card ■ 

ritlng 1 

writing of alt descriptions. 

No. 2.— The "Business Pen " for book-keep- 
ers, book-keeping students, and all wishlog a 
Ijeu for rapid, unahaded wrtting 
PRICES.— 8aiR|)le8, 10c. ; (Quarter eroie, 30c.; 
CroM. 31.00. 


"EXCELSIOR" 18 THE HEST. Try it and be 
convinced. No emck in the side ; moat durable 
and practical; aide piece Urmly set and cannot 
get out of place; tlnisbed in black lustrous 
eoamel or natural wood. Price: nne, I6c.; fwo, 
!5c.; rfowji, S5i:, )ii)at-patd. Special prices for 
lnrger cinnntities. Send for circulars. Elegantly 

PUTMAN & KIKSLEY, «L'.„Si.P„U.'f.'-„. 

12-tr Mention Tbe Joitrkal. 

Seud alamp to THEE JOURNAL for 
prtee Hal of Penmaii^M and Arllat'a 


practical verbatim reporter. If) years' experi- 
ence. No failures. Situations guaranteed. 
Book and circulars free 

FRANK HARKISON. Stenographer, 
.ij-tf 731 Broad St.. Newark. N. .1. 

Professor A. W. Dakin. 

Dear Sir;— Your last lesson is rei-eived and 
like all preceding ones is a model of perfec- 
tion. Your copies all show the same amount 
of care, and the interest you show in the im- 
provement of the work of your pupiis is evi- 
dent in each lesson. Sincerely thanking you 
for the attention you gave me thi'ough the 

Yours traly, 
M: R. VANDERBILT, Mt. Morris, N. Y 


The Wonderful Machine for Writing Shorthand. 

Easy. Accural* and Reliable. Send stamp for a 
32-page Circular. Machines rented oa trial. 
St. I^ulH, Mo. 
11-12 /Vit-i Iteduced to %Zti. 



A. W. DAKIN, Syracuse, N. Y, 


The iPadinuCard Writtr will write your name 
(n his best style on twelve of the most 8t)-tli>h 
ladieii' or g-enllemeo'd cards ror 40c. Common 
size cards. 80c. and 2.V._per doiten. Superb 
I«tt4<r. Flouridh or net of T^noy Capitals on flni- 
linen paper. 25c. ea^^h. Elcirani samples of card 
or copy writing. lOc. Circulamaddreswd in own 
hand, 2c. Addrom PBOF. F. E, PERSONS. Bor 
lft6. Rushford. N. Y. 11-12 


Practical Bookkeeping 

Single and Double Entry. 

llyTH..MAS A. Hue, AM.. l,l,.n.. 
Ervrrt Acrfrunlant and Stcrrtary of Mmnul 
(jitll. FranM'n, IrUtt-AmfTicoji^ Waahingtim 
and Garfield Buildtng Asao- " 

A handeomely bound book of 810 p 

traded text book now inauM Tho 
i.OO. nbolesaleSl.ii 



In order to place my work in the bands of 
every reader of this paper, I will send on re- 
ceipt of $1.06 the following : 

Dskin's Card Ink Recipe fiOdtr. 

TwoSelsof CapUol8(difrer^n") 40 •■ 

A Written Letter 26 " 

Muscular Exercises 86 " 

U' stKoatiirts (any name) 35 *■ 

tipecimensor hlourfsliJng 05 •■ 

Totalwortu g2 00 

-A., "v^. i> .A. :k. I ig-, 

141 Johnson St., Syracuse, N. Y. 


$2 65WorthofPenworkfor$l.50 

lUiiil ami |innf (hr assertion by ordering the 

1st. Written (tiinpendlum of Penman- 
ship, i-nibnuing all the essential 
elements of n full course In Plain 

Writing jl.OO 

2d. Large sheet filled with oorabination 

signatures.. a) 

M. Corabinatlon capitals, "Sparkling 

Gems" ao 

4th. Set of business capitals 20 Your name ou 100 plain cards 

Total ; JJJ.IS5 

Any person who cares for good penmanship 
win readily detect a bargain in the above offer. 
All orders will be filled and mailed at once. The 
rush of New Year Cards being over I shall be 
able to nil my mall oi-dt 

t by money order or postal 
cept two-cent stamps 
sender. Address 



Paper \A(''arehouse, 

Nos. I 5 & I 7 Beekman St., 






No. 138. 

Expressly adapted for professional use and oni8' 

menial penmanship. 



AH of Standard and Superior Ssality. 




iahip, comprisfcK forty 
n iWclpt of one (lolLtr 


ninn Colleirc, raiiKblfecpnle, N. Y. Km 




A thousand yoare as a day No arithmetic 
teacliea it. A short, simple, practical method by 
K. (■. ATKINSON. Principal of Saemmcnto Giiai- 
neas College. Sacramento. Cal. By mail, 50 cents. 


J r f* T P r B L I S B E II. 


lo auy addreM on rec*l|H o 
'. COHSTOCK. Publlaher. 


All Engrossers and Draughtsmen Use 


ind I. 



>e done u-ith it with far oreattr (u-curaet/ 
by anji nUicr tncthud and in one-tenth tht 
« hy the hid plow proceeg. 

The accompanying cut represents the head 
with a section of the blade of the square, and 
several specimens of ruling and shading, photo- 
engraved direct from work done by aid of the 
g(iuare with a common drafting pen, the lines 
being separated at perfect intervals, and exe- 
cuted as rapidly as those made free-hand. 
The space between lines may bo varied by turn- 
ing a thumbairew from zero to seven-eighths 
of an inch and made horizontally or upon any 
desired length or material. We give herewith 
specimens of Tinting photo-engraved directly 
from ruling done by the aid of the square with 
the rapidity of free-hand lines, 

EndorHed by EnBromiern. DrRaBbtaiiiea. 






like Ita aliople, conoise a 
•ccmuT to bo lamtbt u 
D receipt oIwbolMBleprl 

Capital City ComiDercial College, 


is one of the leading schools of Amer- 
ica for the preparati(ni of young; men 
and women for business life. A spe- 
cial school of Shorthand in connection. 
Send for catalogue. 

J. M. MEHAN, Proprietor. 



Executes ell Kinds of Ornamental Pen-Work 

To Order. 

Our Engrossing, Peii-nrawing. Lettering and 



the highest 

is the designing of Ornamental Pen-work. Resolu- 
tions. Testimonials, dfc, -executed in a first-class 
manner. Large pieces of Flourishing. Lettering 
and Pen-Drawings done In the best possible manner. 
Correspondence solicited and satisfaction guaran- 

12-12 A. E. DEWHURST. Utica, N. Y. 


LAPILINUM (Stone-C/othl 

A. P«rfe«t, PlezJble Blaokboard T 
Teachers, Sundity Schuob 

Rolls tighllv, like a map. wUhoat injur] 
0(1 iiiu. king surface. Superior 
36 Inches, slat«d one side, 
48 mche«, 8lat«d one side, 
4S inches, slated twosfdes. 

Black Diamond Slating, 

T^ie Best Liquid Slating (without cJixeptum)fm 

Waik and Wooden Blackboard«. 

) anrfac*. 

One Pint, $1.00. 
One Quart, 1.75. 

One Gallon, 
coat)!, the iiiioiber usually applied. 
Uiusd a Tid gives Perfect Saliaf action i 
Cohirabla rolleff"(Sfhiiokif Miuest, New Voi 

College of I'hystuianit aiid SurgtooR, " 
University of the City of New York, " 
College of the City of New York, 
College of I'Imrnmcy. 

Hamilton, N. Y. 
..Fordham, N. Y. 
-.Uohoken, N.J. 



letal Ex- 

Coffee Exiliiince. N 

change, Kqultable ijrala and Produce Exchange. 
In the Publie Schooh of 

Washington. D.C .(exclusively). Palerson. N. . 
New York City. 

Ml, Vernon. 

Newark. N. .J. 
Montohilr. N, J. 
Dlonmlleld. N. J. 
Jeraey City, N. J, 
Bergen I'olnt. N. 
South Orunee, N. 
Uobokeii, N. J, 


No. 1-Sfze,2 x3 fpet, - - Jl.fmcach. 
N03Z " 'MxAM ■• - . V,w ;; 

Orders Promptly Filled. 

D. T. AMES, 202 Broadwav, New York. 





GOLD MEDAL, Paris exposition, 1889. 


l*il!iRi*«*^v!r*l!S? " "e<^lal'y wlaptwl for niUng; 



The londlnc Jcli.iol of pen art In the South. 
drawlUB. of nil kh..l» iniide for en: 
.rre.ponaon,),, ,ollglt,.,l with parll.« 

deslrlne f 

Northern Illinois College of Pen- Art, 

With Normal Sctiool and Business College, 

Thorough Instruction in every branch of Pen 

W1LKE8BARBB, Pa., Oct, 28th, !««« 
Ml- A. W. Dakin, Syracuse, N. Y. 

/^■(ir *■»■»'.•— Your letter and lesaon of Juno 
IKth, 18S9, came duly tohoud, and, I ossure you 
1 spoiled many a sheet of pajwr in order to 
show you that I reoUy appreciate your way of 
doing business. And there is no excuse a man 
can give who docs nob avail himself of such 
a great chance tu learn penninnshlp at home 
without spending but $3.00. The price U very 
low and within reach of every young man, 
and you deserve great credit for it. 
Very truly yoiire, 




Are the Best . 


Durability, Evenness of 
Point, and Workmanship. 

IVISON. BUKEMJN°& CO,, "aj^^v^r'' 


' Send me your name written In full, and 25 oent^, 
and I win send 7011 one dozen or more ways of 

1 addreBuecl In r 

writing It. wl'.l 
stamp - - ^ ■ - 

A. E. PARSONS. WiltoQ Jonotlon. Iowa. 
P. 8.— No poatal cards need apply. 3-13 

PjK'HAfjC of themnst fashionable vi»- 
' itiiig cards 50 cents 025 cards). 

A. W. PAKIN, Syracuse, N. Y 

[^*i Am rioi KNXi; 

The Popularity of WiHiams & Rogers' Rochester Commercial Publications 


The newer books— Commercial Arithmetic, Practical Grammar and Correspondence and Civil Government, are securing as firm a hold on the affec- 
tions of the isacbers of the country as the Bookkeeping, Commercial Law and Sevenly Leapns in Spelling have enjoyed. Orders for introduction are 
of daily occurrence, and the enthusiasm of teachers regarding thesebooks isasSiurceof grcatsTOfaftieAi wlh^jjIJBlfelters, )t is a*«wsf universally coocedcd 
that these are the m isl practical, the most teachable and the handsomest text books on commercial topics that have ever appeared, and that they are i^ 
abundantly attested by their extraordinary intrcduction and popularity. 


In a scries of four clt-gant books, of 
wliich 165.000 copies have been sold during 
ihc past ciglu years. We believe that no 
other book lias done sn much to promote in- 
terest in the study of this subject, and it 
is certain that none has ever before re- 
ceived such enthusiastic commendations 
from commercial teachers. 


al preset* in use in a much larger number 
of such schools than any other work, and 
its introduction is steadily extending and 



I'LETi Brx.KKElilN... and art designed for schools that d. 

chiefly to single-entry, but explains and illustrates the pro 
gle to double-entry, and also contains a complete explan; 
some practical exercises under that method. ThJs book is 
of pupils, such as are usually found in district schools, yet it ma 
profit by older classes. 


of the language 
less of its stalemc 
on of topics and it 

■mployed, ihc 
ts, the careful 




It con 

s justcnouKhuri 



This bn 

ok CO 


just Ih 

ose fe 


res o( 


rl should 
clical calc 
ique irea 

ng .'ea 




Dnly Ih 

he cle 


. desi 


c popular 
hold on ih 









ar ivo 
tiers o 
s beer 





It i 

his cou 


:nder the pupil ex 

tudy, to obtain knowledge of ihc 
more important facts ; and to impress upnn 
those who have devoted some time to the 
study of grammar, and yet are careless in 
ihcir utterances, the importance of accu- 
racy of expression. The corresp<mdence- 
portion of the book contains hints upon the 

valuable to every business man 'and business woman. JThis 
popularity and a large sale. 

Williams & Rogers have placed no book on the market with, greater confidence 
hat it would meet popular favor than they ^elt in issuing Civil Government, and their 
xperience has amply justified that confidence. "As interesting as a novel," "A charm- 
ng book," " Our pupils are now delighted with the study," " We feel that wecan now 
uccessfully teach this important subject," arc samples of expressions which are re- 
eived from teachers in every mail. 

This little book has had so wide an introduction, and has sold so largely, that 
Imost every teacher knows all about it. It contains about 4000 difficult, yet common 
^ords, and gives the definitions of unusual ones, as well as their pronunciation. 

' It should be understood, also, that we carry a large stock of Foolscap Paper, Pens, 
, Pen-Holders, Figuring Pads, Blotting Pads, Blank Books for Bookkeeping, 

which are excellent in quality and che;, X*irloe X^lsts, 

en pages of the books and our Catalogue, containim 
s. as well as of the commercial supplies which we 

r than the 


WILLIAMS & ROGERS, Educational Publishers, Rochester, N. Y. 

in thrir posses.'^ion a si nilar one (1 care not from whom) that excels mine I wiiluontril 
OIK I sfiul (fi-atjs anri refund your money. 


2 SETS OF CAPITALS, tlifferent 40c. 1 TtO'l. FINE BEVEL CARDS, 30c. 

\ddresa E. M. CHARTIER. Principal Texiis Business College, Pahis. Texas. 

IPY SLIPS are 'n«ff/it/rr: 

relief cuts ii 
engraving y 

. 1 the greater worth of Ames' Best Pens, Special discounts for quantities. 
' best school black-boards irotl-bl&ck boards, stone cloth, liquid slating. rtr,i; ttn- 
ty of diplomas and certificates for all sorts of schools (or specially made in Mr<tii 1 
iitable for newspaper and circular advertising. In short, we can supply i'rir<irl,iifi 

. CollegeCUrreney that is approved by the U. S. CJovem- 
iinliest artistic class made on short notice. Thousands o' 


Q For a present t... mother, father. 

R friend ortcacher, could you possibly 
select a more appropriate gift ? 

T Portraits from photograph, por- 
traits from tin-type, portraits from 
E3 engraving, portraits from pencil or 
J^ pen sketch, fine portraits worth from 
/\ *2S tol^sofor'from'^S to$7.5o. All 

(work guaranteed strictly first class. 
Refer by permission to D. T. Ames. 
^^ editor of this paper. 


O 46 W. 23rd St., NEW YORK. 


■ bj-. 

1 of ! 

1 by 




(By Jahbs B. Campbell, Experl Accuuntnnt and formcrl) Business Manager Metropolitan BuHloess College, Chicago. 

B that V 

a the ii 

■c fully 

ncaB Papers, Iiii> 
education opens 
nearly every Stii 

D be A COMPLETE SELF-INSTRUCTING Text-ltook of Single and Double Entry Book-koeplng.* The work Is s 

a by mull the science of Book-keeping can be mastered at your home 

jIcs and Exercises in JournalJzintr, Posting jcc, Bu8lm>.S3 Forms, E)ua- 

1 Double aud Single Entry, Sete in Mmiufactiii-iug, Farming &c. A good business 

can be mastered at home. DIstunee no object|on. Students now regisCored frolb 

5iues3college. Courf 
a: and Closing Sets ii 
By this method it 
as met with une-xpectt-d success and should be I) 
7B Sheet Hook with One Month's i 
11 67, IM Madtson Street, Chicago, HI. 



1. Cammercial Arithmetic. (Complete edition.) Generally accepted by commercial teachers as the standard book on this 

subject. Used in over loo business schools and enthusiasticaUy endorsed by all. Retail price, $1.50. Liberal discount to 

2. Commercial Arithmetic. (School edition.) Containing the essential part of the complete book. The most beautiful 

Icxt-hook licfore the country. Retail price, $1. With proper discount to schools. 

3. Packard's New Manual of Bookkeeping and Correspondence. A logical, simple and complete treatise 

on Bookkeeping, arranged for use in Business Colleges, and a most acceptable te.\t-book. Retail price, $1. With proper 
Any one of these books sent to teachers for examination at one-half retail price. 

Mitition this journal. 

S. S. PACKARD, Publisher, loi East 23d Street, New York. 

Published Monthly 
; 202 Broadway, N. Y.. for $1 


Entered at the Post Office of New York 
N, Y , as Second-Class Mail Matter. 
Copyright. 1889, by D, T AMES. 


Vol. XIV.— No. 3 

Mm. Edrmelius Van' EoTf ?.. -^ 

/ Zr^StTl^ii fdirtmLpt h-7;^ltit oft'i-t ol 

fiji^}m^r( .;^^^. 

C'liih flUniiir\n..irni'liiilmi}.[Liix - ^ 

:,a atl5> i-ott.":>n? lir^u-u.saf pit(a<.n«.i> llic lr;itsl li>l o) Hit aMnu .ilftdion (or an> Hit filqfiapprtoallon 



,rtmtiil oJoartli-isiJint (ram (lis pos'ilioit 50 .\i'l;i c\,af uT* l';i liim (01 » nun;| motj.ot rKoqnia ifij 5>!il!) anS> 




niKle - nuiofcp- Hud UiNhoiiffit) 
Hrarcel)' Known. 

Wanhiiigton dorreximnhnrc Ncir T»rk Star. 

■: (lilTLTCut eiifr 

upofl, the Su- 
per! u ten deot of 
the Bureau of 
Engraviug has 
a pen and ink 
design prepar- 
ed. If the de- 
sign meets with 
the approval of 
the Secretary of 
the Treasury it 
is handed over 
to the dozen or 
to work on. Five 

or six men may l)c engiiged 
plate, and in this way anv one man is pre- 
vented from reproducing the entire plate, 
should he be so disposed. No die ever 
goes out of the sight of the officer respon- 
sible for it. The dies are put away every 
night in the safe iu the presence of two or 
three employes, and they are taken out in 
the morning also in the presence of two 
or three persons. 

If the engraver takes, let us say, a vig- 
nette or a portrait, he first has it reduced 
by the camera to the ])roper size he wishes 
to engrave. He makes then a tracing by 
placing over the drawing a piece of gela- 
tine, and with a fine etching tool scratches 
an outline in the gelatine. When the 
tracing is satisfactory he fills the Hues 
with red chalk, and taking a steel plate of 
the finest quality and finish he lays upon 
the polished surface his " etching ground" 
of asphaltum, burgundy pitch and bees- 
wax. This "ground," which has been 
rubbed and lubbed over heated air until 
perfectly smooth, is then smoked over a 
gas jet until the whole surface is a dead 
black. The die is allowed to cool, and 
the tracing is done upon the die reversed, 
subjected to the pressure of a roller. When 
the gelatine is removed the outline in red 
win be clearly seen on the "groimd." 
The etching is now closed by a wall or 
bnrder of beeswax aod pitch and a solu- 
tion of nitric acid and water is then poured 
on the die. The acid bites the steel 
through the etched Hues. For light-col- 
ored work the acid is quickly removed 
and the lines stopped with a varnish of 
asphaltumand turpentine. For dark work 
the acid process Is renewed until the re- 
quired depth of line is obtained. The 
plate is usually subjected to many minute 
alterations before it is pronounced satis 

A die thus finished is ready for the hard- 
ening process. This process is done by in- 
closing the die in an iron box, which is a 
little larger in size, with the spaces filled 
with ivory black. The box and contents 
are subjected to a white heat, after which 
the plate is t«kcn out and plunged into 
cold water. This latter process is culled 
rccarbonizing or tempering. 

The die is now ready for the transfer 
j>rocess, which is extremely interesting and 
ingenious in striking off "original " dies. 
After the plate is placed upon the bed of a 
transfer press, a soft roll of decarbonized 
steel alwut three inches in diameter is 
forced slowly and very carefully over the 
surface of the hardened die at an enormous 
pressure. The soft metal of the roll is 
actually forced into the Hoes of the die, 
thus transferring the impression of the die 
iuto high relief. The roll must be exactly 
filled to the die. for the variance of almost 
a hair's breath would ruin the plate, not 
only destroying the " original." but adding 

lines riot in at all. The soft roll is then 
hardened, and can be used in a similar way 
to transfer as many impressions as may be 
required. Thus, we sec how readily a 
g^eat number of transfers from a single 
engraved plate can be made at a slight es- 

\v pbitc, after it is cleared and bur- 
I il, j>- ready for the printing process. 
Rc.|uisitinii is made on the Secretary of the 
Treasurj' for paper. The Government in 
1869 adopted a special paper for its hills, 
the distinctive feature of which was a nar- 
row localized tint of blue fibre running the 
entire length of the sheet in such a man- 
ner as not to lessen its strength or inter- 
fere with the printing. But in 1878 an- 
other kino of paper, known as the " Crane 
potent," was adopted by the Treasury De- 
partment. The feature of this patent is 
that two silk threads run the entire length 
of the sheet. The large sheets are counted 
more than a dozen times before they finally 
reach the printer's hands. 

The printer puts the sheets in packages 
of 10 or 15 each between wet cloths, in 
which condition they are allowed to re- 

pounds per square inch is then applied, 
giving to the notes that fresh, smooth and 
crisp appearance. 

The seals on the notes are printed from 
steel plates in red ink upon ordinary Hoc 
presses. The numbers are made by an 
automatic machine which can number up 
to 1,000,000. The letters and characters 
are printed before and after the numbers 
for the purpose of identifying the series, 
and also to prevent the prefixing or affix- 
ing of other numbers. The sheets are 
printed four notes to a sheet. 

The Bureau has a systcTi for numbering 
its notes. All numbers on being divided 
by four and leaving t for a remainder have 
the "check letter" A; 2 remainder, letter 
B; 3 remainder, letter C; while even 
numbers are lettered D. This rule is not 
without exceptions, but it will often serve 
to detect a counterfeit. 

The different Issues of national bank- 
notes may be divided into three classes: 
First, the old series bearing the small star- 
pointed seal, signed by F. E. Spinner; 
second, the series of 1874, signed by John 
C. New, A. U. Wyman and James Gilfill- 


. J, Duh-U'iqile, Fori Sinifh, Ark., Conni 

rr^l^^ cr<,^7-z^ ^^^^^c~^f^^t^a,JL^cs^C^/^ 


By E. C. Milts, Denoei- City, Col., Business College. AgelG. [Both Cuts Photo-Enffraved.) 

main over night. The next morning, with 
a woman assistant, he carefully inks the 
plates, only charging with ink the en- 
graved lines. He must, of course, under- 
stand the diifereut shades of the parts of 
the plate, and must be able to control 
accurately the general tone and color of 
the vignettes and portraits by keeping the 
Hues clear in his work of wiping off the 
plate. Sometimes a sheet of moist paper 
is first laid upon its face. The press is 
then revolved, and the paper is drawn with 
a strong pressure between the rollers, 
which are covered with blankets, and the 
plank, by means of cross arms attached to 
the press. Thus the paper takes up com- 
pletely every delicate line on the plate. 
At night the sheets must all be accounted 

The moist sheets arc first taken to an 
air-tight drying-room, heated to 250 
degrees. The next day the sheets are 
again counted, and all imperfect ones are 
put aside. The perfect bills or notes are 
poHshed by being placed between, mill- 
boards, two sheets back to back between 
each boai-d. A hydraulic pressure of 500 

an ; third, Ihe series of 1882, bearing the 
chocolate-colored seal and signed by James 
Gilfillan and A. U. Wyman. The scries 
of 1875 have the charter numbers printed 
in large figures on each end of the note, 
while the 1883 series have the charter 
uurabers engraved in small figures sur- 
rounding the face of the note. The Bureau 
puts four notes to a sheet, each with a dif- 
ferent check letter, while the counterfeiter 
has oue plate, and prints from that alone. 

The work of trimming, counting and 
sorting the sheets is done by women. Each 
stage of the counting is marked by the 
initials of the counter, and the rapidity 
with which some of the employes can 
count the sheets without making a mistake 
is something marvelous. The notes are 
done up in packages and then sent to the 
Treasury Department. We were told by 
an officer in the Bureau that from the time 
the sheet leaves the printer to the time it 
reaches the Departmt'iit it is counted no 
less than 52 times. 

It is related with a show of pride how, 
in order to test the accuracy and efficiency 
of the system in vogue. Secretary McCul- 

loch ordered, without warning, the entire 
complicated machinery of the Departnu-m 
to stop immetliatcly An account wh» nt 
once taken, and every item, every shci-t, 
every sfrap of paper was soon account<d 
for and found in its proper place. 

Indeed, the checks and balances in tUv 
Department are wonderfully accurate aiir] 
efficient in this way: First, every packuL" 
or scmp of paper is treated, from the nm- 
ment it enters the money. Si'f 
ondly. no package or sheet can pass from 
one hand to another, or from one Depart- 
ment to another, without a count and a 
receipt. The counter puts his or her ini- 
tials on the band of the package, so that if 
a single sheet be missed, it can be quicklv 
traced to the hand that received and tv- 
ceiptcd for it last. Again, any error 
or discrepancy is traced out and rectitlcd 
on the spot. No one would be allowed to 
leave until the accounts balanced to a cent. 

Thus there can be no such accident (Tor 
such it would be) as a defalcation, if tin- 
checks and balances are properly observed. 
The largest theft that ever took j)lace in the 
Bureau happened some ten years ago. An 
employee in the loan bran-^h stole $100, 000 
6 per cent, coupon bonds. He gave out 
that he had come into an "estate," re- 
signed his position and took up a fine resi- 
dence in New YorTt He was shrewil 
enough to present only the coupons for 
the interest; but as he added figiiras, sus- 
picion was directed to them at once. In- 
vestigation proved his fortune to be a myth, 
and he was arrested, tried and convicted 
of his crime. Sincp then there have been 
a few other petty thefts in the Department, 
but they were more or less accidents. 

Koyal Aut«£;raphi«. 

The Queen's signature to State docu- 
ments is still a model of firmness and legi- 
bility, no si^ of her Majesty's advanced 
age being discernible in the boldly writ- 
ten " Victoria R," which she attaches to 
such papers as have to bear the royal auto- 
graph, says the London higurn. There 
are veteran statesmen living who will re- 
member that the (piestion of the signing 
of state documents by the sovereign be- 
came one of considerable importance in 
the last months of George IV's reign. 

During this period his Majesty was in 
such a debilitated state tlml the writing of 
numerous autographs \v:is practitnlly im- 
possible for him, and unilcr these circum- 
stances a short bill was hurriedly passed 
through Parliament authorizing tlie King 
to affix a fac-umUc of his autograph by 
means of an inked stamp. It was also 
provided, however, in the bill that George 
should, before stamping each document, 
give his verbal assent to it in aspecitied 
form. The Duke of Wellington was in 
office at the time, and it was often his 
duty to lay certain documents before the 
King for his approval. 

One day the "lion Duke." noticing tlcii 
his Majesly was stamping the papers he 
fore him without repeating the prescribed 
verbal formulary, ventured to enter a re- 
spectful but firm protest. The King, 
much irritated, exclaimed: " What can it 
signify?" " Ouly this, sir," replied tht- 
Duke, "that the law requires it." George 
IV said no more, but at once began to re- 
peat the requisite formulary as he stamped 
each of the remaining documents. 

Our Specimen Scheme Oiilllnrd EUc- 
ivliere Coven* the Ground. 

Editoh of The Journal: 

Have you ever thought of offering prizes 
to acttinl bookkeepers using the best pen- 
manship on their books — pniftienl count- 
ing-house work ? Have them send speci- 
mens of ledger headings. Ac, sales book, 
check writing, tfcc. A competition of 
this kind might interest a great many 

W. D. Johnston. 

FittAhnr'jh, Pa., Ffh. 21. 

Warren H Larason, special instructor of 
drawing and penmanship in the publif 
schools of Bridgeport, Conn., is the autboi 
of a very practical (1) Index to Correct 
Position, (2) Signals for Class Exorcise--, 
(3) Index to Correct Peoholding. It is a 
simple compilation of rules and directions 
to pupils, and it seems to us has consider- 
able practical value. Published on ;i 
single sheet by A. S. Barnes & Co.. New 
York, who doubtless will be glad to fur 
nish those interested with further par- 


Prof. G. Washington Fiutetop, late of Wdl- 

iitrarg, Ohio. 
Uirnm Jinkiii*, a genuine live " Buaiitens 

Socne,— Interior of the PunklnvlUe Pen Art 
Hall and Actual Busincas Unlvorelty. Proftjesor 
Fizzletop discovered picking tiiB t«eth with an 
oblique pen-holder. Loud linock at door, ut 
which Professor souzeshin pen into the inli-bot- 
: gracefully over his hair and as- 
BtrlkiDK "actual bUBioess" attitude, 
idently agitated. A 
D. M. lets out hia sus- 
Then he saye Imperi- 

CALLED to col- 
lect the bill for 
those six flag-bot- 
torn chairs, r 
won't be tiiflctl 

with longer, sir. Come, 

shell out the money or I 

take the chairs with me 

an<l have you arrested to 

Prof. (Sweetly.)— Calm 
yourself, my dear sir, to- 

ly).— To-di'y, ; 
and a U 

Prof. — My good man 

B. M.— Don't interrupt me; you got goods under false pretenses. I've 
found out all about you, sir. Just saw a man 
from Wellaware who said when you were 
forced to leave that place all you had to do 
was to spit on the fire and call your dog. 

Prof. — Poverty is no disgrace. 

B. Af.— Poverty, sir, poverty ! you im- 
pudent swindler — ha, ha! — that's good — 
ho, ho! — poverty, is it ? — he, he! (Draws 
from his pocket a crimson circular the size 
of a dinner napkin.) What do you call 

Prof. (Imperturbably.) — In that docu- 
ment I have the honor to behold the offi- 
( iai prosjiectus, catalogue and hand-book 
of the PunkinviUe Pen Art Hall and Act- 
ual Business Uni 

B. Jf.— Fiddlesticks ! (Glances wick- 
edly at Professor and reads.) " The enor- 
mous growth, development and prosperity 
of Punkinville's great business-training 
university is wholly unprecedented in the 
history of business colleges of this country. 
On our arrival here three weeks ago we 
were met at the depot by a deputation of 
leading lawyers, doctors, preachers and 
business men, headed by the Mayor and 
the PunkinviUe Brass Band, who reccivnl 
IIS with wide " 

Prof. — Of course you remember — 

B. Af. — 1 remember nothing, sir; except 
being skinned out of my goods by you. Do 
ijou mean to pay me, or don't you! (After a 
slight i»ause resumes reading.) "We are 
proud to announce that our faculty of ex- 
perienced instructors, the largest in the 
State, is supplemented by a corps of able 
lecturers (free to all holders of scholar- 
ships.) Y. M. C. A. library and gymnasium 
adjoining college building. Finest boiu-d 
in the country for $1.25 a week, including 
tooth-picks and Sunday-school tickets. 
290 pupils enrolled the first day" — you 
miaerauic fraud, there never was that many 
people in PunkinviUe— 

/»r«/.— But— 

B, M. — No huts about it; there ain't 
any faculty hut one red-headed, lop-eared, 
oily-tongued fraud — that's you. That 
mea-sly looking boy chewing gum over 
there could count your 299 pupils on his 
lingers and never need to use his thumbs. 
You fork over the cash you bamboozled 
me out of or V\\ expose — 

Prof.^\o\\ would'nt— 

B. .v. — (Shouting.) O yes I would, and 
jilad of the chance. You deseive it ; and 
it's a solemn duty I owe. Listen to 
this, you red-headed Ananias: "We 
have the best facilities in this country for 

tesiching bookkce[>ing. single and double 
entry; arithmetic, higher mathematics, 
and the science of accounts; actual busi- 
ness writing, also special Normal Depart- 
ment for the education of writing teach- 
ers, engrossera, draughtsmen and profes- 
sional pen artists; phonography, all lead- 
ing systems and stenograph " — what's 
that? Hold your tongue, sir! " Type- 
writing, any machine; commercial geog- 
raphy, civics, ethics of business, " — shut up 
or ril break your head! — "special English 
department, &e., &c. Long and short 
terms, with or without music, vocal and 
instrumental. Pupils may enter when 
they please, study what they please, and 
leave when they please; with the full 

Wnlly B"-f,r and rcadc.) " i*unkinville 
wild with excitement! Men, women and 
children actually fight their way to our 
bargain counters" — which goes faster, 
clothes-pins or bitters ?— " Truck-loads of 
tine goods literally given away " 

/?. M. — How dare you, you insolent 

Prof. — "Large cor[>s of affable clerks" 
— One-eyed Bill sitting on a soap-box, 
playing a mouth-harp. — "Many times 
the largest and best-selected stock ever 
lirought to " ^ 

B. jr.— This is outrageous! 

/Vw/".— Must have had a pull at the bit- 
ters before you came over — hey, old croco- 
dile '( Better mind. Your "corps of 
affable clerks " told me while he was saw- 

Fancy Card Design by M. H. Moore, Monjav, Ky. 

of receiving an elegant diploma 
and a fine posi" — 

Pro/. —(Rising and spitting on his 
hands suggestively.)— Sir, you carry this 
too far. 

B. if.— (Astonished.)— What! Do you 
mean to defy — 

Pro/.— Just get out of this W. P. A. H. 
A. B. U. pretty lively, you cross-eyed 
old hyena, or I'll kick you out 

B. M. — I am amazed 

Prof. — O, none of that shenanegan, you 
superannuated hypocrite. Wasn't it you 
that yanked me out of the train before 
it had stopped and wheedled me into buy- 
ing your second-hand ramshackle chairs ? 
(Kicks a hole in the seat of one B. M. has 
just vacated, while latter retires to right.) 

ing wood in front of the " mammoth em- 
porium " last week that the last time you 
failed was because a rat gnawed through 
the candle box one night and eat up the 

B. M. — Scandalous ! You shall dearly 
pay for this atrocious libel on Punkin- 
ville's business men and — 

Prof. — Crack your whip, old codger. 
Punkinville's " business men " are all 
right, but— 

B. M. — I'll have an opposition Business 
college running in a week. There are as 
reputable men engaged in that business as 
in any other. What a shame that it should 
be defiled by such as you, a — 

Prof. — Anybody can call himself a 
"businessman" and still be, like you, a — 

Fancy Card Design by Fielding Schojield, Quincy, lU. 

Didn't you pester me half to death to put 
your endorsement into my catalogue, and 
then work off an ad. for that one-horse 

B. Jf. — Is it possible that you allude to 
the PunkinviUe Bazar and Mammoth Ex- 
celsior Emporium ? 

Prof. — Bazar! You venerable baboon! 
Half a keg of clothes-pins and a Iwttle of 
vinegar-bitters. Emporium, did you 
say ? A bolt of paper cambric and nine 
bars of laundry-soap. 

B. JA— Sir! 

P/v;/-._Talk about lying! Why, old 
Mu chausen would have butted his brains 
out for envy had he run across the like of 
you. (Pick'? up a copy of the PunkinviUe 

■B. M. — Miserable hum — 
Prof — Sniveling hum — 
B. k— Bug ! 
Pro/.— Bug ! 

Tableau, slow music, curtai 

(It seems to 118 thnt hnth f^entki 
perhaps a trifle imr.r timTi; nr. ri 

that of the hii-m ,., , ,. , 

Nor , 


of Che weathei- for that day. 

Vocabulary of the Girl of the 

In her speccli the fashionable young 
lady has her vocabulary as she has her 
code. Latterly she has permitted hereolf 
the use of a good many English expressions. 
She says "fancy" always for "suppose," 
and she never says "guess;" she aays 
"chemist" for "druggist," "stop at- 
tome" for "stay at home, "and she "tubs" 
oftener than she " takes a morning bath." 
"Function" with her means any sort of 
social gathering, and a very gay ball be- 
comes a "rout." "Smart" exprcsBOB u 
considerable degree of excellence which 
she applies equally to a wedding or a bon- 
net; "an awfully fetching frock orgown" 
is very English for an especially pretty 
dress. She likes the word " clever," too. 
When she sees a fine painting she says; 
"That's a clever bit of canvas." She 
thinks Marshall Wilder is an "awfully 
clever fellow," and if you ask her does 
she bowl, she replies modestly: "Yes, 
but I'm not at all clever with the balls." 
Some phrases she lei.ns rather heavily 
upon, notably "such a blow" when a 
rain postpones a visit or a friend dies, and 
" such a pleasure " alike to hejir Patti and 
spend a tiresome evening at the house of 
some actjuaintance. She has, too, an in- 
dex expurgatorius which she is very care- 
ful to respect. There are no more ' ' stores " 
for her, they have become "shops;" 
.'servants" also have ceased to exist as 
such; they are " men servants " and 
" maids," although she permits herself to 
designate as laundress, housemaid or but- 
ler; "gentleman" sheavoids; " a man I 
know," she says, referring to a male ac- 
quaintance; or, "there were lots of de- 
lightful men out tost night," she confides 
to some sister belle who missed the opera; 
"all right " she never says, making "very 
well " do much better service, nor does 
she add "party" to dinner, speaking of 
such an entertainment ; her home no longer 
has a "parlor," pure and simple, but a 
"blue room," a " r«d room," a "Jap- 
anese room," or possibly an "East par- 
lor." — Newport Letter to Philadelphia fn- 

H, love, my love, host 
forfrotten the hour, 
By passion pervaded 
with a pulnating 
power ? 
How love niHhed up- 
rm us with a quiv- 

Aml enswathed our 

Till all of the shrubbery eurletl up and died, 
And the birds flew away to escape suicide. 
But, alas I love is dead, and the sum 

Yet I still live to maudlinly murmur i 
In sibilant stanzas of clangorous crast 
( Which I'll seU to some pajwr for cold, 

—EUn Hives Wilcox in Terre Haute Exprean. 

A smart Yankee has put on tlie market 
what he calls the Yankee Pen Clip. It is 
nothing more than a fine wire spring that 
may be instantly adjusted to the under 
side of any pen. The spring holds the 
ink and feeds it out to the pen as you 
press the nib in writing. In this way you 
are enabled to write a page or two with 
one dip — practically a lountaiu pen for 
five cents. 


I l)est work on 
No orriamentnl 
It it. "-N.Phil- 

A gold medai was awarded to Ciillot's pens 
t the Paris Exposition. Th&ie jjeus ore iust 
8 popular the world i " "" "" "" ~" 

Lessons in Practical Writing.— 
No. 10. 

A Olanco at Ihv IVork of tbe Fourth 

For the past few weeks of the fourth 
year the same genrrul plan is continued as 
that described in our last for the third, 
the principal difference being that more 
difficult combinations of letters are intro- 
ducedj and a higher srrade of execution 
exacted. The same column rulings are 
retained, as is also the tiual slide. Words 
-are chosen to till the column. As soon, 
however, as the majority of pupils in a 
school have reached a state of self-confi- 
dence and when the inclination to drop 
the wrist or hand seems to have disap- 
peared, the slide is omitted and sentence 
writing begins. The weak or careless ones 
ivho will not keep the hand standing 
lire kept upon word exercises terminating 
with slide as before. No pupil of spirit 
will wish to be long included among these 
" word-writers." 

7'/ir imp&rtana; of forethmight and pre- 
jinrat^nj motion on the part of the pupil 
should never he lost sight of. Both menial 
and physical preparation are necessary to 
the best remits. MentAl preparation con- 
sists first of a critical cxfimination of the 
copy, and second, the planning of its execu- 
tion, in which the nature (curved or 
straight), direction and size of the motion, 
the amount of force, rate of speed, »&c,, 
necessary to produce the required result. 
The muscles are then set in motion, their 
movements conforming as far as consistent 
to those used in the introductory strokes 
of the letter or exercise. To wrtt^. an 
accurate letter the pupil must think an 
accurate letter, plan an accurate letter, 
and use precision in h\^ preparatory motion. 
If he is inclined to make a letter too short 
he is told to think a higher letter, and to 
think to push harder or reach higher next 
time, or if too long to think, it shorter, to 
think not to push so hard, or reach so far, &c. 
No change can be brought about without 
thought, hence we are constantly vibrating 
the one word think, think, think! 

We teach the pupil that a irell-pUtnned 
letter is nearly completed hefore hi* pen 
touches the paper, that his mind is re- 
sponsible for the action of his muscles, 
that both the form of the letter and the 
productive motion should be thought 
over and the execution planned before 
moving a miisck of the writing machinery 
To demonstrate this we place the N and 
the U upon the hoard, calling attention 
to the fact that they each require the 
same number of counts. We then set the 
class to work in concert, first telling them 
to write whichever letter is named. To 
regulate their time we count 1, 2, for the 
preparatory revolutions, then name the 
letter, sounding it upon the posing-hoard, 
thus: 1, 2, N, 1, 2. N, 1, 2, N, &c. After 
writing a few N's and no U's the natural 
conclusion is reached that no U's are to be 
written. Presently the signals I, 2, U 
arc given, with no break in time. The 
result is that everybody either " flies the 
track " or writes another N. Tbe cause 
is apparent. Having planned the N, 
having had that letter in mind, and hav- 
ing prepared the muscles for writing N, 
that letter had to come. There was no 
time between signals for the mind to coun- 
termand its instructions to the muscles 
and for the necessary change in their 

But, suggests a pupil, "that was not 
fair. I thought you were going to say 
N." Certainly he did. and that thought 
was parent to the result. " Well," we 
remark, " we will try something else. 
Look at your work. How many have 
made the latter half of the N too short ?" 

The hands are raised. "Those whosehands 
are up may give that part of the letter 
special attention next time." "How 
many have m*»de the latter part too wide ?" 
Hands appear. " You must think of that 
part when you write again. Now try 
again." Pupils then write. " How many 
now have made the correction under 
taken "i" A show of hands. " How did 
you do it?" Answers. " By thinking." 
Tbus they convince themselves that a uretl 
thought and pro/terlf/ f^nnned letlet is in 
reality shaped in the ntind and muscles 
before it is ready to drop upon the paper, 
and that in order to make a good letter 
they must think, plan and j/repare in 

If execution begins before the plans are 
completed, then hesitancy is sure to fol- 
low. This cannot fail to embody itself 
in the movement, and thus affect the re- 
sult. There is not sufficient time allowed 

over anxiety, or extreme care in execution. 
In proportion to a pupil's fear of spoiling 
(something, \» this tiUlncular tension in- 
creased. Cut 4 shows a lifeless position 
without sufficient firmness to be relied 
upon for precision. 

Letters of uHilsual slaiit or forms rcijuire 
Bpecliil treatment. Among snlall letters 
we find few which cAuse jJupils more 
iMuble thai! the pointed oval family. We 
attribute this to the unusual slant given to 
the down stroke in the oval, and to its 
lack of conformity in shape to other ele- 
ments. The natural tendency of the hand 
to start for base in the usual direction 
given to down strokes must be counter- 
actea. We have found that the building 
and tracing plan gives special emphasis to 
both the form and slant of the oVal, This 
building achcme is used in all grades, and 
applied to all classes of both small atid 




I'osilin^iand Practice Cats Illustrating Professor HnfTs Acconif 
Engraved from Copy by the Author. 

for execution to admit of planning'* as 
you !jo." Forethought alone will insure 
satisfactory results. 

Still more uses for the little indispen- 
sable posing-board. A tap upon this is 
usually sufficient to turn all eyes in that 
direction. The teacher drops his hand 
upon its side, as in cut 1, throws a mean- 
ing glance in the direction of those whose 
positions he is imitating, then slowly 
raises it to an erect position, as in cut 2. 
Following a very natural impulse, the 
"lazy hands" are thus by imitation 
brought to a working position. In Uke 
manner the cramped or the lifeless posi- 
tions are imitated and the cause of the 
mistake indicated, then that position is 
assumed which is seen in cut 3, as a model 
for imitation. 

1 eut 3 is caused by 

That position s 

capital letters. We begin by writing the 
small i three spaces high, upon which we 
build the a as seen in exercise 1, tracing 
each alternate letter. Exercise 2 is usod 
in extreme cases, where it seems unusually 
hard to "start off" in the proper direc- 
tion, or where pupils are inclined to round 
the tops of their ovals. Next, the size of 
the exercise is reduced as in No. 3, which 
is then used as a basis upon which may be 
built the w, a, q, g and the figure fl. The 
i, and t are combined as in exercise 13, 
and used as a basis for exercise 14. Exer- 
cises such as 6, 9, and 12 are given for the 
sake of securing freedom in lateral sweeps, 
and at the same time precision of slant. 
The latter object is more easily accom- 
plished by placing the i before such as the 
loop and stem letters, and the r and s. 
Exercises 8, 11, 18 and 19 are arranged to 
give special drill upon the r, s. a> d, andg. 

At the F^aris StarHp Marketi 

RiloriiioiiN l>rUe* lor Rare Siaiiip«;-> 
A $l»00,000 < olU-tiloii. 

i'Wm Arthur Mnurff^s Pitl^U iiijndi)-ah- 
THERE exists in Paris il 
regular market oi- ex 
change for old stamps. 
It is held every Sunday 
afternoon in the Avenue 
Gabriel, Champs Elysccs. 
and is attended by some 
fifty or sixty persons of 
all ages and social fitand- 
ings. Among the number cau be sppii 
such famous collectors as M. PhMiippp dp 
F'errari, son df the ftucbesS of dalliKrft, tU 
fiaron Arthur de Uothschild, Dr. Legrflnd, 
Mr. Campbell, Mr. T. Tapling, Mr. Cflstlp 
and M. Marco del Pool. 

Jt is astoiliBhibg wllatilililnlliet-al"6tah<|) 
PMllcclot-S thet-e lire in the w9rld: it \'^ ii 
passion which did not come into vdguii 
until 1861, but since that year it has 
spread everywhere. Twenty-five years ago 
the divers stamps to be obtained did not 
exceed five hundred. Nowadays some 
albums contain at least three thousand, 
lu the Berlin Museum there are 4500 speci- 
mens, so it is said, of which a4fiO are Eu- 
ropean and 1147 from America. 

The American schoolboy that pride« 
himself on having the biggeat collection of 
postage stampB in his native village, towu 
nr county will hear with envy that thn 
French Navy Department In Paris hnn 
amassed not meiely a huge album, but il 
gigabtic llbial'y of such precious trifles. 
It is the largest collection iti the world. 
This, of course, is public pt-opettyi 

The most valuable of nil private eoUec- 
tiouB belohgs to Ml Philippe 6e J'elTafi of 
the Galiefa family, who regulal-ly ftttehds 
the Paris mart to enrich his album. This 
family souvenir has already eost moretbaH 
$300,000, or 1,500,000 fl'ancS, How mUch 
more will be spent on this costly luxUty 
will deptnd on the combined lufluencfes oi 
the futurfe wai- with Qbrmany, the influ- 
enza, the attitude of General Boulangei- 
and the Floquet Ministry. For, if the 
French Uepublic goes to the dogs, it seems 
fair to infer that this album or this scries 
of albums, will share the same fate. The 
acquisition of stamps seems to he the only 
object for which M. Ferrari considered 
his mother's millions good enorch 'o be 
spent, for he has been known to pay from 
$400 to $500 for a collection from which 
he wanted only a single stamp. 

Meanwhile, the Rothschilds, as a main- 
stay or safeguard of their fortunes, have a 
collection of postage stamps valued at 250,- 
000 francs, an asset which might be used 
as collateral security if the great firm 
should ever have to borrow cash from .Jay 
Gould or the young Vanderbilts. 

If these figures seem incredible, you 
have only to attend the mart. Not the 
least curious sight in Paris is the weekly 
gathering in the broad alley of the 
C'hamps-Elysees. of these postage stamp 
collecton:, trading and selling their jirc- 
cious luts of paper. This passion has mo- 
nopolized the life of more than one man 
and eaten up more than one fortune. Vcr 
nothing to an outsider reveals the mo- 
mentous matter at issue. There is no fuss, 
no noise, no bidding or bawling as at the 
Paris Bourse or Stock Exchange. 

Every bargain is transacted quietly. 
Signs often take the place of words. A 
would-be buyer approaches ; the seller 
opens his stamp-book and silently turns 
over its well-stocked leaves. Occasionally 
the price of a stamp i;* requested. If a 
bargain is struck the stamp is detached 
and handed the buyer, who pays and turns 
to another book or goes his way. People 
here, both young and old, mean business, 
and there is just enough co.nmunity of 
thought between the parties to render their 
commercial relations of an ideal order. 
I^et it be remeniboped that every square 

T-"! I "V^K'i .j<>iikn:vi; 


iDch of a postage-stamp album costs 
money. And sometimps a five-dollar gold 
piece will not be enough to purchase somf 
old stamp which, when new, was worth 
but a single cent or a single sou. Indeed 
$5 would be " dirt cheap" for some special 
favorite and coreted stamp, which is hard 
to be got. There are. for instance. Bra- 
zilian stamps, now out of print, that would 
fetch from 15 to $10 apiece if offered for 
sale in Paris, Chicago or San Francisco. 
A certain English stamp, issued in 1840. 
beariDg the letters V. R. (Victoria Re- 
gina), is now so rare that it will bring in 
London. Quebec, Montreal or the United 
States as much as $40. What is known 
as the blue stamp of Naples, 1850, is now 
worth between $50 and $00. 

Commission rejected them and adopted 
another design. There are collectors who 
believe that some of these MacMabon 
stamps got into circulation ; hence they 
are supposed to be without price, as valu- 
able, in fact, as one or two " Victoria and 
Albert " penny stamps, which some people 
also confidently believe were not destroyed, 
although never officially issued. 

Tracsactions were brisk on Sunday, and 
the market opened with ready offers for 
cash. A five-cent violet stamp, of Bolivia, 
1867, canceled, brought $8, a ten-cent 
brown Bolivia, 1807, sold for $9; while a 
blue Bolivia fifty cent stamp of 1867 went 
for $6.50. A Brazil stamp for 180 reis, 
1845, found a willing purchaser at $4. A 
set of British Columbia and Vancouver's 

all twentv-two varieties) found a buyer at 
$24.20. About the best price obtained 
was for a set of entire Plympton envelopes 
of all varieties, die. color and size, ninety- 
six in all, which brought $52.80. Some 
match and medicine stamps (150 varieties 
in all) found a purchaser at $9.75. 

What the market has chiefly to guard 
against is fraud. Counterfeit foreign stamps 
abound, and the sharpest eye is sometimes 
unable to detect the difference. A verita- 
ble crisis occurred a few years ago, and 
stamp collectors in all parts of Europe were 
considerably excited over the discovery 
that a couple of rogues had been swind- 
ling the " bulls " and "bears "on the Paris 
Stamp Exchange. It is known tfaatAfghanis- 
tan stamps are dear to the hearts of all true 


- ^' 

B\j Fielding Schqfifiid, Gem City Bus. College, Quincy, lU. Original 15 a- 18. Photo-Engraved. 

In order to make these prices seem cheap 
and inviting to the general reader, I will 
add that there is a "lost pleiad," so to 
speak, in the shape of a postage stamp 
issued by the Government of Bntish 
Guiana in 1856, wLich now commands at 
public auction about two hundred and 
fifty dollars. A stamp as rare as that 
salamandrine reptile called a sourd, which 
French Ihjjs spend so much time eagerly 
hunting for in broken ground or heaped 
stones, although known to be (juite invis- 
ible and unattainable is the MacMahon 
stamp. When the Marshal was President 
of France his wife was very anxious to 
see his image set in stamps, and some such 
designs were prcimred; but the Postal 

Island stamps, ten varieties, sold for $5 ; 
while a one cent stamp, carmine, of Brit- 
ish Guiana, 1851, was bought up at $6; 
a four cent stamp of British Guiana, blue, 
of 1851, was purchased at $10. Some 
Buenos Ayrean stamps of 1858 were sold 
for $7. (Jape of Good Hope and Ceylon 
stamps exchanged hands at $5.75 and 
$5.85; English tenpenny stamps of the 
first issue sold for $4.25. A set of Nor- 
way stamps (thirty varieties) sold for 
$10.50. An unsevered pair of St. Louis 
stamps were disposed of for $20.50. A 
set of uncut War Department envelopes 
(thirty-four) varieties went for $38.25, and 
a set of uncut United State-* envelopes, in- 
cluding six six cent, fourten cent, &c., {in 

collectors. The first stamp ever used in 
that country appeared in 1870-1871 (Mo- 
hammedan date, 1288), during the reign 
of Shere Ali. It is a large circular stamp, 
with the head of a tiger in the center, and 
the value written in characters above this 
head. Other issues appeared in subse- 
quent years, but all such stamps are ex- 
tremely scarce, and therefore valuable. 

The brilliant idea of personally profit- 
ing from these facts occurred to one Hafez 
Hamed, who came to Paris and proceeded 
to the old Stamp Exchange in the Avenue 
Gabriel, where he informed buyers that 
the ex-Postmaster-General of Cabul had 
arrived in Marseilles, but that in one of 
his trunks, Rtill retained at a port in the 

Persian Gulf, were stamps of the early 
issues, particularly those issued in 1293. 
and valued at from $25 to $300. Hafbz 
said that he had written to the cx-Po6t= 
master-General to telegraph to the poM 
and have his trunks forwarded without 
delay, and that immediately on their ar- 
rival he would be in a position to furnish 
collectors with some rare stampa. Just 
nine days later a letter reached Hafez 
stating that the luggage had arrived, and 
very soon afterward the Afghan stamp* 
were in the market. 

Of course they were Iwgus, which fact 
was soon discovered, thanks to theshrewd- 
ncss of an English gentleman living in 
Paris, who, knowing that it was impossi- 
ble for a vessel to come from the PcrsiaD 
Gulf to Marseilles in nine days, made a 
close study of one of the stamps. He got 
Hafez to write for him the address of the 
Postmaster-General of Cabul, and this ad- 
dress was made in characters that neither 
Dgemel ed Din. the "learned Afghan," 
nor any Arab, Egyptian, or Oriental in the 
French capital could read. They all said 
that not a single postmaster in Afghanistan 
would be able to do so either. 

Moreover, some of the stumps were 
obliterated in red ink, and the postmark 
was almost as visible m\ the back as it 
was on the front of the envelope. Now, 
as a matter of fact, postage stamps in 
Afghanistan are not sold to the public as 
in Europe; it is the invariable rule for the 
natives to take their letters to the office 
and money with them to pay the postage; 
the stampseller takes both letter and 
money, and, having first torn off a piece 
of the stamp, sticks it on the envelope 
and the operation is ended. This method, 
known to the Paris collectors, was over- 
looked by Hufez Hamed and his accom- 
Slices; heucc the forgery was very soon 
iscovered, and Hafez had to seek refuge 
in flight. 

intark Twain to tlie Autoernph Fiend. 

Mark Twain thus recently wrote to an 
autograph collector in response to a re- 
quest for his signature: 

" I hope I shall not offend you; I shall 
certainly say nothing with the intention 
to offend you. I must explain myself, 
however, and I will do it as kindly as I 
can. What you ask me to do I am asked 
to do OS often as one-lmlf do/cn times a 
week. Three hundred letters a year I 
One's impulse is to freely consent, but 
one's time and necessary occupations will 
not permit it. There is no way but to 
decline in all cases, making no exceptions, 
and I wish to call your attention to a 
thing which has probably not occurred to 
you, and that is this: That no man takes 
pleasure in exercising his trade as a pas- 
time. Writing is my trade and I exercise 
it only when I am obliged to. You might 
make your request of a doctor, ora builder, 
or a sculptor, and there would be no im- 
propriety in it, but if you asked either for 
a 8{>ecimen of his trade, his handiwork, 
he would be justified in rising to a point 
of order. It would never be fair to ask a 
doctor for one of his corpses to remember 
him by." 

And all this the humorist wrote on the 
type-writer, signing his name. The auto- 
graph collector's feelings may be imag- 

Busine^ colleges and sehools of every kind 
who may require special diplomas may gain 
by sending in theu' ordei's now while this kind 
of work is a little slack. Don't wait for the 
" rush " season. We can give v"u more work 
for the money now. Webelleve that no bouse 
in this country has ao good facilities for dip- 
loma work as ours, and these special facilities 
enable -as to keep way under the market fn 
price. It costs nothing to Jet us flgure on a 
special diploma for you. We also keep in stock 
a variety of diplunms suitabk' for in.any 
school without change, except tilling out the 
blanks with a jwn. Sample diplomas, 25 cents. 

There is a new combination of buj-iness men 
at Hhennndottb, Iowa— Kinsley & Stephens, 
priut-ers, publishers, booksellerti and stationers, 
Fretty much all of us are familiar with the 
front end of tbJH combination, and be is in 
good company. The firm will treat you right; 
if they don't, charge it to ns. l-Wt-her par- 
ticulars in adv. columns. 

It is an interenting announcement to lo vent of 
fancy penmanship — that in another column of 
a forthcoming compendium of flourifihing. Re- 
member that subscription books for the work 
are now open and if you are interested let us 
have your order now. This i» to aid us m fix- 
ing' the size of the edition which will not be 
largely in excess of advance orderB. It is not 
nece»«ry that you send the money until the 
bo<ik is ready ; it is the order we want 

Comparative Calibre. 

general nature which 
; from the public 
at large must always 
be taken with a grain 
of salt. What is re- 
garded by some as a 
mark of excellence is 
not worthy a passing 
notice by others. Di- 
■ versified opinions are 
natural product of 
the soil, and when 
properly reckoned 
serve a very small pur- 
pose in the great ag- 
gregate of wise conclusions. Indifferent, 
poor, fair, good, excellent and superior 
are relative terms with as many shades of 
meaning as there are representatives. The 
scale i^ interpreted differently in different 
latitudes, and even in the same locality 
there is no harmony. The source of an 
opinion bos much to do with its calibre. 
The calibre of an opinion is in proportion 
to its comparative proper relation with all 
Rubjects under consideration. 

If one suys the child writes, reads, walks, 
talks, sings, &c., well or ill, the conclu- 
sion (if below the surface) is reached with 
direct reference to age, circumstances and 
conditions. If the statement be false then 
we have a living representative showing 
that comparative calibre is in the voca- 

The wisdom of a conclusion is very 
nirely reached. 

With the best care and attention of the 
professional teacher how well should pupils 
(five and si.\ years cf age) write who have 
been in the publir s(!hool for one year ? 
How well for two, three, four, five, six, 
seven, eight, nine, ten years ? 

Make this application to reading, arith- 
metic, language, &c., and what is your 

What care is necessary to secure an equal 
physical development? Is not each of equal 
importance ? 

If a pupil can be taught to read in four 
months, should (or can) the same pupil be 
taught to write ? If taught, how much ? 
What should be the ability of the average 
child, in writing, who can add and sub- 
tract simple combinations ? 

Please bear in mind that we are discus- 
sing comparative calibre. If a pupil'M 
strength is a known quantity in one diroc- 
liuu, should it not be known in another ? 

With seemingly proper care and persist- 
ent repetition, why do we find a large per 
cent, of pupi.s of our public schools at ten 
and twelve years not familiar with the mul- 
tiplication table ? How well should a pu- 
pil be able to write who knows to a dead 
certainty the multiplication table and ita 
practical application ? Is it possible for 
any one to possess great skill in writing 
and yet partially understand long di- 

Are we of the opinion that any one thing 
can be learned at the entire expense of 
everything else ? 

Why should we hold up our hands in 
expressed astonishment at poor results in 
writing without some basis of calculiition ? 
Ignorance of expression and hollowneas of 
ideas are not confined to the children in 
the I >wer grades of our public schools. It 
is easy to complain and find fault, but who 
shall do so with n judgment which will 
I>oint (o improvement by indicating some 
better course to follow ? 

With the best instruction in language. 
why do we find pupils in our grammar 
grade saying; "It's me"; " I seen him do 
it," and hundreds of similar expressions ? 
I am aware that in isolated eases we see 

one tiling secured at the expense of 
another, but does this warrant an opinion 
for the many ? I am also aware that the 
course of study demands certain work to 
be written, but there are no explicit direc- 
tions as to how well the work must be done. 
I am also aware that some pupils write 
better than others and learn much easier. 
That this fact is more applicable to writ- 
ing than to reading, arithmetic, language, 
Ac. I do not know. I am conscious that 
we have good writers, excellent writers, 
superior writers, fair writers, poor writers, 
and indifferent writers. But I am none 
the less so when the test is applied to any 
other branch of an English education. 

Few things are done well. As many 
write well as talk well. As many write 
well as read well. As many write well aa 
walk well. As many write well as do any- 
thing else well. Indifferent, poor and 
fair in everything claim the largest per 
cent. Why should we look for results in 
writing which are inconsistent with results 
in everythuig else ? 

I ask for fair judgment, not ignorant 
complaint. Proper teaching with sutfi- 




Thk JouRNAi.. In other words it will be 
a compendium of what is technically 
known a.s "flourishing," and is simply 
offered as a work of this kind — a scrap- 
book of fancy specimeod without text. 

But what a volume it will be! Com- 
pared with it, all other books of the same 
character that have ever been published, 
if rolled into one volume, would not begin 
to match it in the nmnber and variety of 
the specimens, nor, taken as a collection, 
in the quality. This may be stated with 
entire confidence, since it will contain the 
best work of practically all who have ever 
contributed to any similar or kindred pub- 
lication that has appeared at least within 
fifty years. By way of seasoning and for 
purposes of comparison, it will also have 
a sprinkling of the art as it was practiced 
in old times. 

So far as it is made up to date the list 
of authors, many of them with a number 
of specimens, is as follows: 

A-D. T. Ames 

B— H. S. Blanehard, J. H. Barlow, M. E. 
Blaclonan, E. L. Burnett, L. A. Barron. 

space that remains. Avoid lettering ur 
text of any kind. If you are interested let 
us hear from you. 

The size of the page will be 8 x lU 
inches. The very finest quality of ''plated" 
paper will be used aud the book bound in 
three ways: stiff paper binding, price |l : 
board binding, $1.25; fine cloth and gilt, 
$1.50. Prices include postage. In it^ 
mechanical make-up as well as ita contents 
we promise the finest book of the kind 
that has ever been made. 

If this work meets with a response that 
we think it should, it will be the first of 
a series, embracing script, lettering, de- 
signing, &c. It is of course something o 
an experiment, and as the expense is heavj 
it is our intention to limit the edition iw 
nearly as possible to the demand for it. 
For that reason we request all who are 
interested in such a work to the extent of 
becoming purchasers to send us their 
orders immediately. It is not necessarv 
that you send the money until the book is 
ready, but as the number of advance orders 
will fix the edition, those who send their 
names will be sure of getting the book. 

From Sjifncfrian Copy Book No. 8, New Common School Course. Photo-h'ngraved from. Copy by Li/man P. Spencer. [Sy Pen 
of tvison, Blakeman tC Co., Pubh8hecM,Neio York.2 * *' 

cient attention to the svibject, combined 
with the necessary application on the part 
of the pupils, will show equal results to 
that of everything else; what more is ex- 
pected, what more should be desired ? 

For Admirers of Fancy Pen- 

"^y^jffmnf. ^ ^lie thirteen years that 
- >^^^(iHliir^ ^"'^ JouRNAi. has been 
MilElrtfn. pubiisiipf] there have ap- 
peared in its columns 
thousands of engravings, 
illustratingdifferent phases 
nf the penman's art. It is 
not too much to say that 
practically all the leaders 
in this line in this country 
during the period namad 
are represented in these 
specimens. The number 
also includes some who 
died before The Journal was born. 

We have frequently been urged by lov- 
ers of fine penmanship to preserve these 
contributions by the acknowledged masters 
of the art by putting them in compact and 
convenient book form. We have deter- 
mined to make a start in this direction. 
A volume will appear in the course of a 
month or so, to be known as Thp Tour 
nai.'b Sorap-Book ok Fi.oDEi'iHrNa The 
book will be a collection of ornamental 
specimens, the cream of the hundreds that 

C— W. S. Chamberlain, A. A. Clark. H. C. 
Clark. C. N. Craudle, P. E. Cook, C. S. Chai*- 
niau, P. R. Cleary. 

D-A. W. Dakin, W. L. Dean. J. B. Duryea. 
W.E. Dennis. 

F— D. H. Farley, H. W. Fliokiiiger. 

G— W. F. Geissenian. 

H-O. W. Hurmau, A. H. Hiuiiian, S. A. D. 
Hahn, H. A. Howard. 

I— E. K. Isaacs. 

J-J. W. Jones. 

K-H. W. Kibbe. L. M. Kelchnei-. Knapp 

L— E. B. Leland. 

M— M. B. Moore, D. L. Mosseliiian, U. H. 
Mortland, C. C. Maring, Uriah McKee. J. C. 

N— Anua Ninton 

H— E. H Robins, A. T. Reynoltls. 

8— 'J. L. Stubbs, Fielding Srofiolil, A. H. 
Steadman, Lyman P. Spencer, H. \V. Shaylor, 
Piatt R. Spencer, Jr., John Heddoii. 

V— J. W. Van de Venter. 

W— John D. Williams, J. A. Wesco. T. T. 
Wilson. S. R. Webster, Eleaser Wigan, B. F- 

Z— C. P. Zaner. 

In all the number of specimens shown 
will be about ISS. Thirty-five of these 
will be whole piigc specimens, about 70 
half page, and the rest smaller. We have 
still three or four pages to be filled with 
the best flourished specimens that may be 
received by April 1st, and should be 
pleased to receive contributions from those 
who art not represented lu the list above 
S| ecimens that will exceed 4x0 inch s 
when engraved cannot be handled in the 

We are therefore anxious to hear from you 
at once. Be sure to specify the kind of 
binding that you wish. 

A New Talking Machine. 

Iiiveiilcd by a (,i(>riiiaii Vunkto and 
Awarded a Prize Over ihe Plioiio- 

A dispatch from Berlin to the New York 
World of February 5 conveys the intel- 
ligence that Thomas A. Edi.son. the i.i 
ventorof the phonograph, has been beaten 
in competition in that city by a man 
named Berliner, with a talking machine 
called the gramophone. 

The intelligence is in a manner softened 
by the fact that Berliner is an American 
citizen and is a resident of Washington. 

Emile Berliner is an inventor and elec- 
trician of some note. His gramophone is 
said to require two processes to be gone 
through with before the impressions which 
are taken on his plate can be reproduced in 

Edison's phonograph only requires one 
process. The instrument which the Wiz- 
ard pitted against the gramophone is said 
to be the same one which was exhibited at 
the Paris Exposition, aud is a decidedly 
inferior machine to the ones which are in 
use about this city to-day. 

The gramophone is Berliner's own in- 
vention, and when he recently exhibited it 
in this country it could not compare to the 

The machine consists of a polished plate, 
generally of zinc, the surface of which in 
coated by a preparation of pure yellow 
beeswax digested in cold gasoline or ben 
zine. This plate is fastened horizontally, 
with the coated surface upward, to a abaft 
which revolves by means of clockwork. 
Bearing down upon the oil-coated surface 
is a stylus, tipped with iridium to prevent 
abrasion by the friction with the plate, 
which is called the recorder. The stylus 

J«l »l<>ll{ V.VI. 

pnnun), which 

ith a membranous t}'m- 
thrown into vibration by 
;oiind through n cortled tube 
with n tin. fuuDet-shaped mouth. Into 
this TLOuth the operator sings or speaks. 
The membranous tympanum is thrown 
into vibration, and in turn the stylus 
makes marks on the phite or recorder, 
which is beii»g revolved by clockwork. 

After the eff-'sions of the operator have 
been recorded the clockwork is removed, 
the stylus aud tympanum give way to a 
similar but smaller contrivance called the 
receiver, and a shaft, turned by means oi a 
wheel, with a turning handle attached, is 
fixed to the shaft upon which the record- 
ing plate is fastened By means of this 
wheel the recordrntt plate is revolved, the 

as to obliterate the metHlUc harshness 
which marred the performances then. 

It is difficult to say whether Edison was 
really aud fairly beaten. Siemens and a 
number of other distinguished people were 
present at the competition in Berlin. The 
Wizard will probably now goto work and 
endeavor to make a talking machine that 
will throw the gramophone into the shade. 


LContributlons for this Department inny be 
addressed to B. F. Kelley. office of Tiik Pen- 
man's Aht Journal. Brief educational items 

One third of the 34,118 university students 
of Germany are Jews. 

A fencing club has been organized at Colum- 
bia College with a large memlwrship.— i&r. 

the only Presiiient who had a mihtory oduca- 

New York City educates about three hun- 
dred thousand children annuaUy, in one hun- 
dred aud thirty-four school buildings, cover- 
ing an area of thirty-five acres. These build- 
ings placed side by side would extend more 
than two miles. There are about four tboiis 
aud teachers, aud the annual expense of these 
schoohi is about four milhon dollars. 

The Russians have fmpi-oved on the sleeping- 
coach^ of the railway and the perambulating 
schoolmaster of the rural regions. They have 
provided a school wagou, which is furnished 
with a room for the teacher, a class i-oum or 
study, and a library, all suitably supplied with 
the necessary material. This wagon will be on 
the line of the Transcuspiau Railway all the 
year round, remaming as loug as may be 
deemed necessary at districts which are not 
provided with a school. 

.;■( Staff. Original, 1.1x16. Done Entirely with a Fen. Photu-Eiign 

;s from the grooves upon the 
plate the vibrations before recorded, imd 
the sound issues out of the tin funnel 

Before the sound is reproduced, an etch- 
ing process must be gone through with, 
thus making the machine a complicated 
nffuir compared with the simple phono- 
graph. The reproductions are clear aud 
distinct, but a metallic ring mars the nat- 
ural sound of the voice. 

At the exhibition in this couotry several 
jieopie 8|>oke into the mouth-piece and 
several musical selections were played for 
recordiug. They were all reproduced 
clearly and distinctly. Mr. Berliner said 
at that time that his machine was not per- 
fect, but he hoped to have it so improved 

It is reported from Copenhagen that there 
are so many licensed female teachers in Den- 
mark, that if vaeaneieswere filled according to 
date of license, the youngest graduate on the 
present list would receive an appointment in a 
pubhc school forty years hence. 

America is the only country in the world 
that spends more money on her schools than 
upon her standing array and preparations for 
war. Great Britain does not spend one-third, 
France one-ninth, or Prussia one twenty-ninth, 
as much upon the schools as upon the army. 

Presidents Cleveland, Jackson, Van Bui-en 
Taylor, Fillmore, Lincoln and Johnson had no 
college training. Presidents Monroe aud Tyler 
were educated at William and Mary; John 
Quincy Adorns, at Harvard ; Pierre, at Bow- 
doin; Buchanan, at Dickinson; Hayes, at 
Kenyon ; Garfield, at Williams, and Arthur, at 
Union. Harrison was also college bred. Gen- 
eral Qraut waseducatedatWestPointandwas 

Professor: " What is fhe distance from the 
earth to the sim f" 

Pupil; "A hundred milhon miles." 

" How do you find that r 

" Find it t I find it astoimding, unheard of." 

Teacher (to new pupil): "What is your 
fathe'-'s occupation I" 

Pupil (hesitating) : " I don't wont to say." 

Teacher: " But you must tell mo: I have to 
enter it on the recortl." 

Pupil (still hesitating): *' He's a siipe now, 
hut (hrighteniug up) ho was the bearded lady 
in Barnum'sshow." 

" Beware of the dog" used to be the r«gula- 
tion sign to hang on your gate-po(it« to scare 
away tramps, but they have become w> accus.- 
tonied to it in New' England that now the 
women hang oun the sign, " Cooking school 
meets hoi*©." It is a great success. — Yonkera 

Sophomore (translating Tacitus: " They pro- 
tracted their sleep till late in the day." 

Professor: " What is the objection to that i" 

Sophomore: " Well, really I never could see 
any myself." 
Although they went to school together. 

And grew up children side by side, 
He never dreamed how much he loved her 

Until her wealthy uncle died. 

—Hai-per^s Bazar. 

Teacher: "All things which can be seen 
thro (,h m-e called truiiRparent. Faimy, men- 
tion something which is transparent." 

Pamiy: " A pane of glass." 

Teacher: "Quite correct. Now, Faimy, 
mention some other object through which you 

Fai i: 

; " A keyhole," 

ji;sT von PUN. 

Ihc sword may be bad, but the pen is all 
VI te — Washington Star. 

The pig who gets into clover tbink.s the 
svaid mightier than the pea.— Chicago Sun. 

Bashful Lover— My dear, do you know there 
aie over eight hundred tei'ms in the English 
lai guage to express the state of being in love I 

Imi atient Maid— And can't you think of one 
of tlemf — Rome Sentinel. 

Do you want the earth?" inquired the 
haughty hotel clerk of a meekly complaining 
gu St 

Mr Faiuwed,— Then you refuwe i 


Mr») Mainchance— For the present I must. 
My husband is in good health and we ore *'he 
1 est of friends, I will keep your address and 
if a vacancy should occur I will drop you a 
Ime — Chicago America. 

Fond Mamma— Emily, child, don't got Into 
the crowd. You'll get squeezed. 

Enuly — That's just like you, mother. You 
nevei want to have me enjoy myself. — Judge. 
Douglas Jerrold was once asked by an intol- 
erable bore, who protetsed to be a poet of the 
Milton school, whether he had read his "De- 
scent Into Hell." 

No, sir," responded the lrat« wit, " but I 
should like to see it." 

Irs Muggins— Sure, I'm that worried over 

son. He's in New York a studying art, 

tin tiwful tini<' the pt>or lioy has to keep 

Br >llie 

illh Tlilr 


" Don't say ' He ain'tno good,' Dimiis; that's 
not good English." 

" Nayther am Oi, thank Hivui, begohs.'"— 
The Epoch, 

Tea was hitioduced into England in 1637. It 
is supposed that H was never introduced, the 
people are so little acquainted with it.— Boston 

Visitor: "Tommy, I wish to ask you a few 
questions in grammar. " 

Tommy; " Yes, sir." 

Visitor: " If I give you the sentence, ' The 
pupil loves his teacher,' what is that i " 

Tommy: "Harcasm.'"— Texas Si/tings. 

Teacher (to dull boy of the class): " Which 
New England State has two capitals {" 

Boy: " Now Hampshire." 

Teacher: " Indeed I Name them." 

Boy: " Capital N and capital H."— Harper's 

Professor Ames:— 1 wish that you would 
please tell me >Khich is the best penman 'spai>er, 
because I want to sulMcribe, and oblige, 

J. A. Smith. 

Skeneateles Falls, (hiontlagaCo., N. Y. 

■ 0, Skenentele«l Skeneateles! Wherefore 
this rude shock to tender sensibihtiea i Can't 
you give your eyes nnd your " thinkers" a 
chance and spare our blushes ' 

Country darAey- " Whar am Je mewls what 
goes wid dat car I " 

at)/ darkey—'' Dat car doan hah terhab no 
mewls. Dafs one oh dese here 'tricity cars 
from Bosting." 

Coaiitry darken—"- '^oie »'» Lawd, dem 
Yanks am great folks, Dey freed de cullud 
people, an' now dey done gone an' freed de 
mGv/]H."— Judge. 

One of the best things to r»move ink and 
rust stains, soys a scientific contemporary, is a 
solution containing ten parts each of tartaric 
acid, alum and dhdilled water. This solutlou 
has the trade name of "enerivoir," and is 
easily and cheaply made. 

AIM .7 17 K N:vxr*5Ci^ 

PENMAN'S Art Journal 

r FuItOD St.). New York, 

Adverturing rata, 80 cents per Twnpareit 
/in#, ♦2,50 per inch, each insertion. Itiscovnts 
for term and space. Special estimates fur- 
nished on amnicatioti. No advertisements 
taken for less than $2. 

Subscription: One 
cents. No fj-et samples except 
ayeiits who are subscribers, to aid them 
taking subscriptions. 

Foreign subscriptions {to countries in Fos- 
tnl Union) $\.'25 per year. 

1 Ltst on Page 44. 

New Vork, narcb, 18 

UlrthofaBank-Note 34 

Koyal AutORi^phs M 

Two of a Kiod— A Comedy 35 

Vocabulary of the flirl of the Period 3fi 

ChoiCL' Hcart-BuiniDK^ for Spot Cnsfa — 

Verses 35 

Lessons in i'ractical Writing— No. 10 . 36 

D W. HoJ 

At the Paris StHmp Market 3ft-7 

Mark Twain to the Autograph Fiend 37 

Comparative Caliber 38 

CliaiidlrrH. Petrce. 

For Admirers of Fancy Penmanship 3S 

A New Talking Maehlne Sft-B 

EorcATiONAi. Notes: Just for Fun 39 

Editoriai, Comment 40-41 

Things the Modern Penman Must Know; 
Business in High-School Talk; Trying 
to Move the Baat-crD Brethren ; Do our 
Business Sehools Teaeh Business Writ- 

Tbb Bditoh'8 Calendar : Brief Reviews 

of Current Literature 41 

Instruction m Penwork— No 23.. . 41 

H. W. Kibhe. 

The Editor's StTiAPflooK..- 42 

ScBOOL AND Personal 42-3 

Full Page Artistic Specimen (Direct Process) 33 
TheJournal'sadtooraph Album.— Speci- 
mens by E. C. MiJla and A. J. Dalrymple.. 34 
Designs for Fancy Cards- M. B. Moore and 

Fielding Schofleld 35 

Exercise and Position Cuts with Professor 

Holf's Lesson 3ft-7 

Peacock Fliiniish- Fielding J^cliotield 37 

Plat« fmiT. v.'iK- ■;,.,. II. -i-iMTi r-oi-v-Hook-Ly- 

man )■ -i- 38 

Design I I .... 38 

Huniii^k' -. . ■ . I I ■. -,,,, 3fl 


Bird Flourish— C. N. Faulk .-.. 42 

Ornamental Design— Copy by P. W. Oostello. 42 
Cartoon : " Our Private Secretary"- W. B. 

Bird Flourish- F. Broghammer 43 

n Old Timer, by Prof. 

Initial by Zansr 

Initials by The Journal : 



1 Sh 

orthand Departmentglv 


the pt 

nmanship subscriber tv 



extra each Issue— equal 


two e 

ttra papers (except ads. 


a year 

's subscription. Thisnu 


bor Is 

a fair sample of what v 


are eoing to oo the year roup 


If you 

get an extra paper, w 


you k 

ndly hand It to a frle 



Ight be interested? 

WE S H OW on 
another j)age a large 
illustration represent- 
ing hunting scenes, 
photo-engraved from 
pen copy executed by 
Cbarle-s P. Johnson of 
Joi'UNAi.'s art 

staff. It is admirably 
drawn and does its 
, author ^reiit credit. 
Not a great many 
years ago the profes- 
sional penman eon- 
^ sidered that he was 

■5 — high enough up on the 

ladder if he had only acquired a facility of 
writing well and perhaps flourishing a lit- 
tle. The circle of his hoiizon rarely ex- 
tended beyond these two thing?, with per- 
hai>s a trick of decorative display in 
which flourishing was usually the domi- 
nating note. '*Wo are not draughts- 
men," they used to boast, "not we! let 
others draw, we write." 

It is very different to-day. The profes- 
sional penman who can only write and 
flourish is sadly handicapped. The horizon 
is much broader. We must write well 
but not stop there. Whoever makes this 

art the main business of life, relies on it 
for support, must go a long way beyond 
that. He must learn something of per- 
spective; he must study the values of light 
and shadow, study the composition of a 
picture, in a word how to draw, and what 
is more, to design. It is not expected that 
all pen workers will become great artists 
in the ordinary acceptation of that term, 
but study drawing they must, if they ex- 
pect to succeed in the best sense. 

At least a part of the revenue of every 
professional penman is expected to come 
from the engrossing of resolutions, &c. 

Parsons, Wilton Junction, la., for a news- 
paper report of the proceedings. We 
Ijarn that Supenntendent Larrabee, of 
Creston, la., made a red-hot speech in 
favor of the addition, arguing that the 
increased cost would be compensated for 
by decreased attendance at the private 
commercial schools. Our report credits 
Larrabee with this priceless peurl of 
idiocy ; 

The speaker also claimed that the studies of 
a business course were as useful as a means of 
mental discipUueas mEiny now pursued in high 
school and might also, possibly, be of practical 
advantage to the pupil in life work. 

E. C. MfLLS, whose clever script speci- 
men appears on another poge, writes: " I 
can thank The JotJRNAi, for my present 
style of writing." It is certainly a re- 
markable style for a young man of sixteen. 
If any others of our readers within a year 
of that age can do as well we should be 
glad to hear from them. 

H. K. Obtrom, an enthusiastic youni,' 
penman of this city, writes to say how 
happy he would be if only there were an 
Eastern Penmen's Association — and can't 
we have one ? Also won't The Journal 
kindly start the ball ? Well, but why not 


Engrossing Hand Such as is Used in The Journal Office. Pliofo-Engraved from Copy Made in the i 

Here is where the drawing and designing 
ability come in. The patron demands it; 
you must satisfy him or lose his work. You 
have fine examples of other engrossers' work 
before you — ornamental start letters, fancy 
text, borders, &c. They are very good, 
but don't rely on them absolutely. The art 
comes in the grouping, in the arrangement, 
in knowing what to make prominent. A 
thoroughly inartistic piece of work may be, 
and very frequently is. made out of parts 
that in themselves are tasteful and artistic. 
In the great variety of work that comes 
under the head of engrossing it frequently 
happens that certain designs are required. 
Sometimes they have to be drawn from ob- 
jects, sometimes from photograph or crude 
sketch. The engrosser who is unable to do 

The italics are ours. This is Larrabee 

In arranging this course Mr. Larrabee would 
not prepare any easy course, any short cut de- 
lusion, but would make this course parallel 
with other high school courses, just as difficult, 
requiring just as much time and hard work to 
complete, but substituting commercial arith- 
metic, bookkeeping, shorthand and possibly 
commercial law for studies of like difficulty in 
the ordinary high school course. 

Two or three other teachers advocated 
the same course, but tlie convention sat 
down on the project in a purely fatherly 
manner, as follows: 

Resolved, That more effort shoud be made to 
convince the boys that the mental development 
to be had from a thorough high school course 
is the most practical preparation for business. 

one big fold for all the penmen ? Most of 
us have something else to do than to spend 
half our time running aroimd to different 
conventions. Besides, there is nothing 
sectional in the art. and we all have a 
standing invitation to the meetings of the 
W. P. A. and the B. E. A. But if any- 
body really wants an Eastern Penmen's 
Association we shall be pleased to print 
the fact. 

To Shorthand Subscribers. 

It seems that there are some Jouhnal 
subscribers primarily interested in short- 
hand matters who did not respond to the 
appeal printed at the head of the Short- 
hand department in the January issue. 
We are ready to carry out all promises in a 



/'r^^^■€^A^-I^:^^-^?y^t{a^f^y^^A^ ^^.^y o^^i^n^^yK ^ 

Sight Draft. Photo-Engmved from Copy Made for The Jouhhai. by W. H. Patrick, Sadler's B. V. lUiltimore. 

this work can never hope to be eminently 
successful. What would become of a pen- 
man unskilled in these particulars who had 
an order from a patron who is a judge of 
fine work for a really first-class piece— such 
for instance as is represented by the en- 
graving on the front page of this issue? 

The old QUESTroN of whether our 
High Schools shall add a "Business 
Course " to the studies already taught, 
bobbed up serenely at a teachers' conven- 
tion held at Council Bluffs, last month. 
Our acknowledgments are due A. E. 

Since success in life depends very largely upon 
the power to think, other things being equal, 
a man who has the best developed miud Is the 
one who takes first ronk in every occupation ; 
That the high schools outside of large cities 
are not in a condition to successfully carry on 
a business course as such, and that we deem it 
best for each school to solve this problem, of 
the introduction of special commercial st\idies, 
in the ligbt of local needs and faeiUties. 

But if the high schools should ever take 
a serious notion to go into business col 
lege work, what would the latter do ? 
Keep a smiling, we suppose, and inciden- 
tally go into the high school business. 

perfectly fair and liberal spirit. All who 
have written us have had the matter satis- 
factorily adjusted, so far as it relates to 
them. If there are any who have not been 
communicated with, either directly or 
through the sender of the subscription, 
wc should be pleased to hear from such at 

If ill the condition 
Of pen or position. 
Don't hope for improvement 
In form or in movement. 
-E. a. Kcitns, Uurlingtnn, VI., Bus. Colt. 

Do Our Business Schools Teach 
"Business Writing?" 

Some business college proprietors and 
teachers were sufficiently interested in 
what wc sftid last month about "actual 
business writiner" t*> comment upon it by 
letter. Not iiU the commentators agreed, 
but the circumstance is consideied sigoiti- 
cant. When your teacher of business takes 
♦he trouble to quiz an editor about what 
he has printed it is safe to say that be has 
been touched— somewhere. Whether the 
objective point be his heart or his pocket 
or his vanity is of secondary importance. 
Tlic fact remains that the shaft went 
liome. Perliaps now it is notiwildly ex- 
travagant t-o suppose that our representa- 
tive commercial schools might even be 
willing to prore that there is a valid reason, 
not to say necessity, for their existence. 
We all know it— of course we do— we, . 
that is, who are in the business. A good 
many outsiders have somehow got into the 
secret, too. Long ago some bright fellow 
of our guild discovered that this knowl- 
edge of our dignity and importance was 
of mighty little practical value so long as 
ir was confined to the family circle. It 
was thought expedient to give the outside 
public a show — to take them gently into 
our confidence and incidentally to offer 
our valuable services for a modest consid- 

That was some time ago. The process 
has been developed very considerably since, 
and shyness can hardly be regarded at this 
time uB a distinctive characteristic of our 
craft. There are more of us now than there 
used to he, and more kinds of us. In plain 
words we must hustle to keep up our end. 
or our " esteemed contemporary" down the 
st/cet will do the hustling for us — and 
pocket the cash. So it has come to pass 
that we print papers and circulars by the 
ton. With raiment ol purple and gold do 
wc clothe them, and jiaste our photograph 
on the flyleaf. Our penmen vie with each 
other in embellishing them with the facile 
children of their fancy — the bobolink after 
his kind, and the megatherium after 
his kind. We hold big meetings every 
year, and publish a book to preserve the 
wise things we tell one another; at least, 
we promise to jjublish a book. But who 
may be relied upon to read the hook after 
it is published ? To be sure we do, each 
of us his own contribution, at least. Is the 
"business man " reached— the man who is 
expected to furnish work for those we are 
training ? It may be highly gratifying to 
our vanity to impress one another with a 
fitting sense of our wisdom and attain- 
ments, but it would be vastly more to the 
point if we trained our guns a little more 
in the direction that our pupils are ex- 
pected to take when they leave school. 

"Business colleges "are no longer ex- 
periments. Half a century ot active life 
and at least a quarter of a century of rapid 
development take them entirely out of 
the list of novelties. They are not even 
"infant industries." Men now at the 
head of prosperous American business col- 
leges were not born when the first such in- 
stitution was established. The total at- 
tendance in these schools in America last 
year was not less than 60,000, probably 
more. The number of people actually 
employed in them, cbictly as instructors, 
was about 2,000; the number of people 
dependent upon them for support at least 
8,000. They are located in every State, 
Territory and Canadian province. It may 
lie hafely jLsserted that there are more cities 
with a population less than 10,000 which 
have one or more such schools than there 
are cities exceeding 10,000 in population 
which are without them. Is it not amaz- 
ing, then, that so much misapprehension 
with respect to these schools should exist 
on the part of the general public — the 
"business" public? No one questions 
that it does exist. 

It seems indeed a remarkable human 
characteristic that fallacies which could 

be easily disproven are allowed to stand 
as facts for an indefinite period. The great 
Aristotle perplexed the learned men of 
his time and set their philosophy at 
naught because they could not explain 
why a pot full of ashes would hold just as 
much water as though it contained no 
ashes. For two thousand years the truth 
of the proposition appears not to have been 
disputed, until a quick-witted English- 
man, whose curiosity outweighed his 
philosophy, demonstrated its absurdity by 
five minutes' experiment. Another point 
in case is the historical debate in Parlia- 
ment, in the time of King James I, as to 
why a fish inserted in a full pail of water 
would not cause it to overflow. After the 
great Lords and Commoners of the realm 
had exhausted their eloquence in explain- 
ing why such was the case, a pail of water 
was brought, a herring dropped into it, and 
lo ! the water overflowed. So we are fre- 
quently asked by busine::s men, "Why 
don't your professional teachers of writing 
in business colleges and elsewhere teach 
the kind of writing that is used in actual 
business ? " The answer is that precisely 
such a style is the tchuU of their instruc- 
tion. Teachers differ radically in method. 
Some use copies as nearly perfect as they 
can make them, while others may write 
copies with no more care than they would 
an ordinary letter. The aim, however, is 

quested to make a specimen of business I 
writing in his natural, habitual hand. In 
preparing the copy select your own matter, 
observing the following directions: 

Write on smooth white paper, with 
strong black ink, India ink preferred. 
Blue rule-lines may be used if desired. 
Each specimen should be in two lines, not 
more, the first a full line and the seoond at 
leaat half filled out. The length of line 
should not exceed 9 inches, nor fall 
short of 8. Make the copy one-half 
larger than it should be to allow for reduc- 
tion in engraving. To be entirely plain, if 
the lines in the copy are nine inches long 
they will be six in the engraving. If there 
is three-fourths of an inch space between 
the lines the space in the engraving will 
be one-half inch. If the height of the 
small letters is desired to be one-eighth of 
an inch they should be three-sixteenths in 
the copy. These figures are given solely 
for illustration and not to suggest propor- 
tions. Of course the size of the writing 
and the space between lines are of great 
importance. The script specimen by Mr. 
Dalrymple on page 34, for instance, 
would show up to much greater advantage 
had the author calculated on the reduction 
of the space between the lines, as well as 
the reduction in the size of the writing. 
These directions will apply to the making 
of both specimens. Brief comment is also 

the same, to give the pupil a style of writ- 
ing that will best serve him in active em- 

Few will deny, we think, that however 
thorough the instruction and however 
capable the pupil, his handwriting will 
inevitably undergo a change after he has 
left school and settled down to actual 
business. The extent of this change will 
be governed by his temperament, personal 
characteristics and the peculiarities of his 
environments. If he and his teacher have 
done their duty the handwriting that he 
learned at school will adjust itself grace- 
fully to the requirements of his work, and, 
be the change great or Email, will prove 
equal to any demands made upon it. 

We wish to illustrate this point in The 
JotntNAL, and in the plainest manner to 
establish the fact that a style of hand- 
writing eminently suited to business pur- 
poses is the direct result of the training 
received at our beat business colleges and 
writing schools. This can be very easily 
established with the co-operation of the 
schools interested. Without such co-oper- 
ation nothing can be done. We would 
like to have from alt such schools that 
have been in operation for a sufHcient 
period to meet the requirements below 
specified a specimen of writing such as 
they use for copy. The same matter should 
also be written by a graduate who has 
been from school and engaged in some 
active pursuit for at least one year. It is 
obviously necessary that the copy writing 
should be of th^ same gtyU as this particu- 
lar pupil learned /ram — molded his own 
hand on, so to speak. The exhibit would 
be of LO value at all it the graduate 
attempted to imitate the copy specimen. 
This he should not see at all, but merely 
be supplied with the wording and re- 

cited, with particulars 


The midwinter (Fehniaryl ("i-ntury is nut- 
able among other things foi' llie tinnl iii-.tal- 
ment of the Lincoln biogntijliv Tlii' <hii|,- 
tei-s include the " Capture ul .hltViMxi Duvis," 
"The End of RebelUon" mj.l ■ Lim <.l.,\ 
Fame." Two po 

' lielifeloneo^ 

aea T. McK!.., ^^ „_ 

the " Pursuit and Capture of Jefferson 
Davis," by General Wilson, who commanded 
the Union Cavalry, and by William P. Sted- 
man. of Company B, who was an eye ^vltness. 
In the " Open-Letter" department is an anec- 
dote of Jeffei-son Davis, showing his indigna- 
tion at the proposition to use concealed explos- 
ives in the coaling stations of the United States 
Navy. 1 here are comments also m the " Open 
Letters'" on the Lincoln History, one of which 
defines MeClellan's political pndtion. In a 
foot note there is given a very interesting un- 
published correspondence between Edward 
Everett and President Lincoln on the addresses 
delivered by the two orators at Gettysburg. 
The Lincoln life has run through 40 numbers 
of The Century lUagaziiw. 

—In the article Hit bert Wurd contrib- 
utes to the Febriinrv Scnh„rr\. on "Life 
Among the Conj^'ip Suvji^jc's/ i-. n ri'ah'Jtic ac- 
count of the binriiiri s/i.'iili.y.s v%hich take 
place on the deiilli i.| nn I'liief. Mr. 
Ward's ai'ticle is i n i i L. rj i ■ iisoription 
of the strange ojai r ( i i m u liicb pre- 
vail in that giciU i i i i. stmiley has 

opeued to enterin i mi • jri-. Col. 

W. C. Church, lu l,i- 1n-[ ,j i i. i, on John 
Ericsson, in the same numbfr, rclutes that, as 
the last hour in the hfe of the i;reat engineer 

words can tell.' 1^ ; ■ " ■ r • numlwr. 

— No patriotic A (I: i tlie lead- 

ing article in the !■. Im im ' w/M./'/.-i, Itis 
"The Story of th, i.u.u .-iim :il Samoa," 
retold by John I*. I)iiTini(ig, wlui was corres- 
pondent' at Samoa for the Associated Press 
when the great disaster occurred. It is an im- 
proved, enlarged and more carefully written 
version of the dispatch which all the world 
admired at the time, and it is richly illustrated, 
not ordy from photographs, but with drawings 
bv J. O, Davidson, W. Taber and George 
Wharton Edward.<<. 

Bradley, followed by a stirring episode o' West^ 
— • "litary life by Lieutenant Fremont, en- 

Emght, " A Boyhood in Atheiw," showing the 

? girl's presence of mind in her s 

of "^he Frogslefgh Mikado." and Mrs. Fi-^- 
mont will interest all her readers with her 
account of "Kit Camon," in the second of her- 
'■ Will and Way Stories." 

—The lllustriited American, wit;h head- 
quarters at the Bible House. New Tork, is a 
new venture in periodical literature on this 
side of the ocean. U is a large, profusely- 
pictured weekly on the lines of the London 
Hhtstraled Neivs. The price is 25 cents a 

lie will support a weekly at about the b 

cost per copv as the great monthly magazinefi. 
The Iltuatrated Amn-ican siaris with grvat 
promise, it makes a virtue of process plates 
and shows some that are very striking. After 
" "' " " the purchBher is indeed grat«- 

jR^nuitted to pene- 

tliat its designer wa 

i all this will be 
the Iliiiatrattd 
an ought to become a great American 

KducntionnI and Tfchniral. 

—Home, School and Nntiim comes to us 
from 183 Monroe street. Chicago, with the 
American flag on the cover. It is a monthly, 
♦l.-Wa year, and in pictures and text justiHes 
its name. 

—The Educational Compendium is the 
name of a new eight-paged paper (about the 
size of The Journal), published at Rose- 
burg, Oregon. 

—The firm of Goodyear & Palmer. Cedar 
Hapids. Iowa, have dissolved partnership. 
Brother Palmer succeeds to entire control of 
the Cedar Rapids Busimss College and The 
Western Penman. The Journal wishes him 
every success. 

—Here is another recent addition to the al- 
ready not short list of educational monthlies. 
The Kentucky State Journal of Education, 
Falmouth, Ey. L. L. Barton is at the editorial 

— One of the bright features in the current 
number of The College Journal, Iowa City, 
Iowa, is a lesson in penmanship by P. T. 

penmanship by P. 
-From the Moore's Hill, Ind., College c 

I bright eighteen-page paper. The Collegian. 

r. T.F •--?- heads the list of editoi ' ' " 

d friend of The Jouf 
D the business details. 

^Th<^ Southern School Journal, Uttle Rock, 
Ark., is extremely creditable to its publisher, 
M. A . Stone, and its editors, M. P. Venuble 
and W. H. Thoi-p. 

— No home is what it t-hould be without a 
copy of ttiat prince of floral pubUcatious, 
I'd/i'-v Floral Guide. Jamet) Viclc, Seedsman, 
Rochester is the address. 

— " The First Book in Color " is the title of a 
complete practicable theory and method of 

;h things. Published by 8. W. Tilton & 
to., 29 Temple place, Boston. 

— We have received from the publishers, 
Ivison, Blakeman & Co., New York, Copybook 
No. 8 of the new common school course Spen- 
cerian system of penmanship. The copies. 

The book is beautifully 
made and the copies reach higb-water mork of 
the photo-engraver's art up to date. We give 

Instruction in Pen-Work. 


Tlie little landscape given for a copy in 
this lesson is not copied from a picture or 
from nature, but is a kind of olT-haud 
composition, so we cannot locate the 
scene. It is given mainly for practice on 
line work, foliage and effect of distance as 
secured by the drawing of the stream and 
the shading of the mountain. In nature 
the distant mountain is blue, but in work- 
ing with pen and ink gray is the nearest 
imitation possible; however, it must not 
be secured by gray lines, but by fine 
black ones with the proper space between 

The foregrtund should be treated some- 
what in detail, as may be noticed in the 
blades of grass at the water's edge at the 
bottom picture and the shading and 
foliage on the elm tree at the left. 

The middle distance, which takes in the 
bushes at the bend of the stream, the old 
maple and the hill -side at the right, should 
be treated less in detail, and beyond these 
points, in wbat is termed the distance, all 
objectn should be quite indistinct. 

Tlie various kinds of foliage should be 
studied and practiced carefully. Thecopy 
shows the stroke plainly. 

Commence making the grass at the fore- 
ground, shortening the strokes as you 
work back and upward. 

Gillot'" 303 and 170 pens are good for 
this work. India ink must ))e used. 


B;i C. .V. Faulk, Sioux City, Iowa. 
Our CHrelp of Iludding loung Artlnts, 

—The bird specimen printed on page 34 of 
TuK JuuRNAi., February issue, copied from 
tbe specimen m the December Journal, was 
the handiwork of 8. S. Purdy, penrtiftn in the 
public oehoolii of East Saginaw. Mich. We 
make the acknowledgment with pleasure. He 
IB as clever at wrftiug as at drawing. At the 
bottom of this page we print the best copy 
received of any ornamental specimen iii the 
Januoi-y Journal. Mr. Costello hius certainly 
produced a very striking imitation uf his 
original. If he had not the pulm would have 
been awarded to either E. L, Lantz, Wood- 
bum, Oregon, or J. W. Jones, Osmans, Ohio, 
both of whom sent in well-executed drawings 
of this subject. Any of the various orna- 
mental designs sprinkled about this number 
may be u^ed as models. Suppose our young 
artists try their hand at something original — 
say iuitial letters f Don't forget to use jet-hlack 

—A very neat little ornamental design comes 
from D, L. Stoddard, Emporia, Kan. This is 
supplemeut*Hi by various specimens of business 
and fancy wi-jting, all good. One of Mr. Stod- 
doi-d's pupils, a ten-year-old, also submits a 
creditable design. 


— We have simply been overwhelmed with 
specimens during the past month and shall 
have to notice tbeni more briefly than usual. 

— In the line of flourishing nothing more 
striking bos been received than a specimen 
from F, B. DaWs, i>enniaii of Comer's Com- 
meifittl College, Boston. This is re-enforced 
by a beautifully written letter. 

— W. J. Young, a pupil of F» E. Cook, at the 
Stockton, Cal.. Business College, is also well 
toward the front with a bird design. He has 
caught the spirit of his master and will unqut»- 
tionably lipen into a penman of first grade if 
he pei-severes. Two elaborate and somewhat 
unique flourishes are sent by 8. M. Sweet, of 
the Baj less Business College, Dubuque, la. A 
very vigorously made set of capitals accompa- 

— Penman Taylor, of the Oakland, Cal., 
Business College, is the proprietor of a set of 
very supple writing muscles, else he never 
could have got the motion and the grace to the 
feathered spocimen that we are now examin- 

— E. Q. Lantz, mentioned above, is repre^ 
sentwl by some script and general ornamencal 
work that help out the good opinion we have 
already expressed of his ability. 

—In the line of card work we have a great 
variety to choose from. A number of plain 
and ornamental examples come from W. H. 
Omhani, Pitlsburgh. Hei-e are the names of 
some othei*s who are represeuted by creditable 
work in this line: F. E. Chapman, Fowlerville, 
Mich. ; J. A. Crawford, Hillsboro. Ohio; C. P. 
Kemp, Kent Island, Md.; H. W. Cole, Ottawa, 
Ont. (with smidi'y other specimens) ; W. G. 
Rascb, Bm-lingtou, Wis.; W. S. Carver, pro- 
prietor Cliillicothe, Ohio, Business College; J. 
O. Wise. Akrou, Ohio. 

—A number of specimens, including cards, 
capital lettere mid general ornamental work, 
beoi- the imprint of D. E, Blake, Galeeburg, 
III. They are superbly done. We hoi>e to pre- 
sent nu example of this briUiaut yomig pen- 
man's work in next month's Joi'rnal. 

— Speaking of capitals, we have received o 
sot from H. P. Behi-ensinoyer, of the Gem City 
Business College, Quiuoy, 111,, that are as clear 
cut as any we have seen for some time. H. M. 
Davis, Tenant's Harbor, Maine, also sends a 
good set of capitals with various exercises in 

—P. A, Hurtado, of the Eastman Business 
College, Poughkeepsie, contributes on admira 
biy executed letter, %vith some foncy specimens. 

—A little pink sheet comes all the way fi-om 
the Sandwich Islands. The writer is W. K. 
Kaar, of the St. Louis College. Honolulu. His 

style ii 

—An eUiborate specimen in colors done with 
shading )>en does credit to the inventive genius 
of J. K. McFan-en, Gainesville, Tex. E. W. 
Marquis, Worth. Pu., contributes an orna- 

mental design that would be much better had 
good ink been used. 

—From G. W. Harman. of SoiUfe's College. 
New Orleans, we have the photograph of an 
elaborate and well-executed memorial to the 
late Jefferson Davis. It is particularly strong 

—Another plate of a handsome piece of en- 
grossing comes to us from DuiF's Mercantile 
Collie, Pittsburgh. It speaks very highly 
for the artistic resources of that institution. 

— L. H. Jackson, penman of the Virginia 
Business College, Stuart, Vs., sends a number 
of specimens which include cards, flourished 
work and lettering. He is a clever workman 
in nil of these dejmrtmeuts. An engrossed de- 
sign that shows some strength of lettering is 
from Walter De F. Brown, Auburn, R. I. 

—Miss Belle Curtis, a student of E. G. Evans, 
of the Burlington, Vt., Business College, is re- 

— Of Mr. Sullivan's pupils we caimot forbear 
mentioning the names of J, A, Hartman, J. D. 
Jones, F, Sullivan, Margai'et Monahan and 
Ottilie Merz. At the Wesleyan Academy, F. 
H. Reade and Clifton E. Gerald are only a 
little in advance of a number of other gired 

— Wm. Burnet Easton, B. Kronk, Lydia A. 

Bird. Harry J. Myers. Luella Cole and N. E. 

Knibbs, of Coleman's, make up a galoxy of 

young talent that would attract ottentionany- 

I where. 

— The specimens sent by Pierson,of Bryant's, 
run up into the hundi-eds. To examine them 
all critically would take at least a week, and 
to mention all the good wTiters among them is 
out of the question. They represent an entire 

Drawn for Thb Journal by W B. Robinson, Charlotte, N, C. 

sjHfnsible for a back-band letter that takes 
precedence over anything of the kind we have 
received during the month. 

— Two other penmen of remarkable versa- 
tility have em'iched our scrapbook during the 
past month. One is S. B. Lovendge, Yale 
Business College, New Haven, Comi. The 
specimens include visiting cards that might well 
lie mistaken for steel-plate engravings, capi- 
tals, business writing and ornamental-work. A 
batch of very remarkable specimens, compris- 
ing quite ^^s great a variety of work, is sent by 
A. D. Skeels of the Canada Business College, 
Chatham, Ont. Whether you call u[x>n him 
for writing, lettering, flourishing or engrossing 
you are mighty apt to flud SkeeU at home. 

— Script specimens and model letters by the 
foUowingare entitledto notice: W, D, Mosser, 
Keystone Business Collefe, Lancast«r, Pa. ; 
J. F. Cozart, Irvington, Cal.; J. A. Willis, 
Little Rock, Ark.; Business College; H. K. 
Mahon. Hudsouville, Miss.; G. A. Holman, 
Westerly, R. I. ; W. A. Phillips, St. Thomas 
Ont. ; Charles J. Morse, Sonierville Mass. 
(Why dou't you buy a bottle of good ink i 
Price T> cents of miy stationer.) F. M. Sisson, 
Newport, R. I. 

Wttat Bri(/ht Fupilfi Are Doing. 
— During the month we have received na 
miusual number of specimens showing the 
work of students of a number of business col- 
leges. Among those represented are Nelson's 
Busiuess College, Cincinnati, Frank Sullivan, 
penmanship teacher; Coleman's, Newark, W. 
L. Starkey; Wesleyan Academy, Wilbraham, 
Mass., R. M. Peck; Bryant's Business College, 
Chicago, I. W. Piereon. It would be too long 
a story to go over in detail the many specimens 
included in this lot. A glance at them is Uke 
an inspiration to anyone wbose work is in the 

class; average attendance thi-ee months. It is 
sufficient to say that the inspiration that comes 
from hard work and correct teaching {pre- 
cisely the kind of inspu-atlon that a young pei'- 
son needs) shines through these various speci- 
mens. One of the pupils represented is S, K, 
Izun, a young man recently from Japan who 
has laid the foundation of an attractive hand 
very rapidly. The work of J. T. Shebleske is 
particularly to be commended for smoothness 
and legibility and the indications of a good 
movement which it bears. We can only repeat 
that the evidences of progress shown in the 
s{>eclmens are remarkable. 


—The stuikiits of the Ohi.. Bus. Univei-sity, 
Cleveland, gave a sociol entertainment on the 
evening of February 18. A unique invitation 

— Chas. L. McClellan, manager of the Buai- 
uess Department of the Western Normal Col- 
lege, Bushnell. III. , is master of a style of pen- 
manship that would please the most critical 
" busineiis man.*' This school has been in suc- 
cessful operation for two yeai's and is among 
the most flom-ishmg of young institutions of 
its kind. 

—The Norfolk Bus. College, Norfolk, Va., 
is a new institution with I. W. Patton at its 
head. The JooRNALrecently had the pleasmo 
of a call /rom the proprietor, who repoi-ts that 
he is well established and has a bright outlook. 

— Busine^ colleges of the right sort seem to 
strike a deep root in California soil. TheState 
boasts of nearly a score of well-established 
commercial schools. A corresixjndent at 
Stockton, Cal., says that there are low more 
than three huudi-ed pupils at the Stockton Bus. 

— E. L. Click, a highly-accomplished i«.n- 
man, is the latest addition to the faculty of thv 
Euclid Ave. Bus. College, Cleveland. 

—The Old Dominion and Smithdeal lluv. 
Colleges, Kichmond, Va., have been coumjII- 
datenl under one management. G. M. Smith- 
deal continues to supervise things. 

—Principal Kennison repoi-ts a larger at- 
tendance at the Zanesville Bus. College than 
ever Iwfore in its history. Mr. Kennismi is 
an old commercial teacher and college pi'i- 
prietor and knows how to get the best wi.rk 
out of his pupils. 

—The pupils of the Utica (N. Y.) Business 
College have a social organization known as 
the "Old Men's Club." The boys recently 
presented to their writing teacher, T, J. His- 
inger, mi elegant antique oak rocker. E. E. 
Miles made the presentation speech. The Kift 
was happily acknowledged by Mr. Risinger. 
We glean these facts from an extended account 
in the Utica Sunday IViftuncof January ~'i). 

—Our good friend, E. J. Heeb. of the In- 
dianiipolis Busiuess Univei"sity, for many 
yt?ai-s u star of the first magnitude in the bu^i- 
ness-tf aching firmament, has been basking in 
Floiida sunshine, inhaling the odor of oranne 
blossom and jasmine, and possibly having uo 
occasional boutwith Florida alligators. Nunne 
has better earaed a recreation. 

— L. H. Jackson, who directs the penman- 
ship department of the Virginia Business (.'ol- 
lege, Stum-t, Va.. is a young man full of vim 
and the master of an eminently practical style 
of penmanship. 

— Many of our readerewill recall the elegant 
script specimen from the pen of J. P. Byrne, 
printed in The Journal last April, We hjive 
Irequi'iitly had occasion to testify to the su- 
periority ol the work done by him. He has iii- 
tered the lists for a mail trade and ought to 
l)uild up a good business. 

—A recent accession to the faculty of the Bay- 
less Business College, Dubuque, Iowa, is S, M. 
Sweet, whose notions of con-ect script wert^ fos- 
tered by E. K. Isaacs, at Valparaiso. His 
writing is free from pyrotechnics, but entirely 
smooth and graceful. 

— There was a sound of reveh-y recently in 
the rooms of the Wheeling, W. Va. Bus. Cul- 
'^' - - ' I tgg pi-esentatioD t " 

in a graceful e 

— A. Philbrick, the pen artist, whose v 
have frequently noticed, has located al 

known as author of penmanship works. 

— For SIX years J. W. Robertson has been 
teacher of writing and drawing in the city 
schools of Mansfield, Ohio. He finds The 
Journal very companionable. 

— There is a great deal of snap and go to the 
pemimuship of Secretary Benton of the Na- 

ever, is his first love and he is known as a vtr 
successful teacher. 

— Principal Traiisue, of the Pottsville. Pa 
City Bus. College, is very proud of the acconi 

plisiinniits i.f lu=; shorthand pupils. Mi 
TivMi-n.* wiHi-. Unit more than thirty are i-n 

iulliil III till. ii.|.;ii tiiit-iit. One young man, \i 

charge the duties of stenographer in the oflici 

system. He is an enthusiastic ])enui 
and recentlv engrossed a handsome memoriui 
of the late Fi-ancis B. Gowan, president of thi- 
Heading Raih'oad. 

— The Nelson Bus. College, Cincinnati, is 
very fortunate in possessing the services ot sn 
good a writer as Frank Sullivan, penman i.f 
the institution. 

— G. S. Hastings, Jr., has been conducting 
largeclasses in penmanship at the Y, M. V. A,, 
Waterbury, Conn. His success bus bt^^ii tiigliJv 

— The students of the Genevi;, N, V , Bm,, 
College find The Journal of great help to 
them in their work, writes Prmcipal A. E. 
Mackey, and backs it up with a club. 

— Capt. John L, Tyler has for the past eigh- 
ting in the pnb- 

Fl., \V;l 

ago.).! stroke in theoniamental line, as 
by some specimens at hand. 

— Principal S. N. Kemic, of the Evi 
Ind., College, is a shrewd business nn 

graphic Institute, Oswego, N. Y , ii i i n 

gaged as instmctijr of shonli i hiI t\|., 

writing at the Raleigh, N. C. Bnsm. - i ,,ii, ::, 
Princi|>al Millman is much plf^^M.J miu bet 
E. T. Suggs is not now conneuted with 

H. W. Flickiuger, of the College of Commerce. 


Phi]nilp1i>hia— the more so tliat h? li&sn't mucli 
time for letter writing. The kiuJ of n-ork that 
he puts into his letters, while evidently done 
witnout effort, has n charm about it that few 
penuien can reach. 

— Principal W. L. Bceman, of Beeman's Bus. 
College, Red Wing, Minn., hasa fuller attend- 
ance than at any other time in the history of 
this institution. He draws very considerably on 
the surrounding towu.« aud even other States. 
We are glad to note hi.s prosperity. 

— Charles Nathan, of New Orleans, finds The 
Journal of gieat use to bim in his school 
work and besides subscribing for it himself 
takes a uumber of copies for his pupils. 

— Hunt«inger's Bus. Colle^, Hartford, 
Conn., continues i 
is an excellent wrK 
a gentleman- 

> prosper. The propri( 

! any enterprise to pros- 

— We are gratified to note the prosperity of 
Biirdett's Bus. College, Boston. Starting not 
many years ago with powerful eorapetitore " 


. O. Wise, superintendent of pepn 


rise to remark that Colonel Soul^ has 
:ond-]ooking as well as able assistant in 
head of the penmanship de- 


partment. Thanks for photo. The Joubn 
would be glad to have the photograph 

graved portrait of every i>enman in Ai 
'ou't be backward in coming forward. 

the gi-aduation exercises of the Euclid Avenu 
Bus, College reeeutly. Among others who en- 
tertained thu ussemlilage was Mrs. M. J. 
Caton. wife if the proprietor and an accom- 

glished elocutionist. Rev, Dr. George Thomas 
owling, of Albany, delivered the Euinual ad- 

than later in the sea- 
when the boys are thinking of going home. 
We hope to hear from many more schools this 
month. This is the point jirecisely: The 
Journal represents your busmees; if there is 
any good in it you and your pupils get a 
- • ■ ■ g'ht to. bf course 

J h iii't f.i iiiitketbe 
I" 1 \iiy teacher 

take subscriptions n 

share of that cood— 

but could send Thk .Iin hnal a iIuIj, long or 
small, with a little effat. 

Among the clubs received during the past 
month are the following : C. A. French, 
French's Bus. College, Boston. 57 ; C. H. Clark, 
Buckman's Alamo City Bus. College, San An- 
tonio, Texas, 55 ; J. C. Kane, Eaton & Bur- 

Riyk. Ark., i'. C 

. Houiv Wapier. Jr., 

ri..l,.l, l|,l,i„; "tlarry C. 
M ' C; J. A.Vye, 

Pas^y K .. n>.. 

WUkiiiaiii 1 

Curtiss' h ' : 

umu's B. ' II ^ 

i - Miiiii.; J. H. 'lllair, 

Sliaw'sH r r,,,!! 

1 1 M' .X. S. Baardsloy, 
:. 1.. Itiirnett. HtowelK 

St, Paul. M 111.1. ; 

B, BUdS. B. C, Pro 
San Francisco. B. C 

vidence, K. 1.: C. L. Elli«, 

; C. L. Free. Easton, Pa., 

College of Com. : D. 

A flriimts. Hill's B. C, 

Dallas, Tun.; W. .\ 

Neb., A.ji.l. -.a 1 

1 lli..h, Iiuliana)>oIis 

' .11 ii..> H. C; L. H. 

JacksDii. \ 1 

A. B. l'"i . . 1 

The t 

its highirst development in a superb volume of 
112 iwges (!) X rj) that comes to us from H. B. 
Bryant & Sons' B. S. Bus. College, Chicogo. 
The ttnest quality of plate papt>r Ik used and 
dozens of artistic engravings, cniofiy full page, 



niaiui. ...Ill I i.. .:.-«!. withE. J. Kneitlon 

—Proprietors McCorgar and McLauren, of 
the National Bus. College, Ottawa, Ont., have 
i&iued a very attractive catalogue — the twenty- 
fourth annual. 

— Donald Simpson, an enthusiastic penman 

uatioual clubs. His latest represents Scotland 
(three post offices), Canada and the United 
States. He is a good practical writer. 

— Walt Wallace, parent of The Jourkal's 
clever pictorial skit, " The Best Penman," does 
not confine hts humor to his pictures. The 
i him high 
i helped tu 
al gathering held in thut 

denes of Mi-, and Mrs. Catoi 

The JoiiniaPH PrIemlM — Some oi 
The 111. 

It is the claim of The Journal that it has 
the endorsement of the leading business and 
writing schools of this country; that the lead- 
eiB of the profession appi-eciate the work it is 
doing and recognize its educational value to 
theii- pupils. As proof we refer to the list be- 
low. A paper is just as good as its friends 
make it. Those named are some of the people 
who help Ui make The Journ'al such as it is. 

There are several loi-ge and a uumber of 
small cluhs receiverl during the month not 
represented on the enclosed list, some of them 
withheld by request. Two in particular ag- 
gregate about 400 names and wUl probably lie 
announced next month. Some are withheld 
because we are in doubt whether tbe sendere 
wished them mentioned, but we shall be 
pleased to announce them if desired. Usually 

Augusta, Me., :iO ; H. F. Wiliunjis, Atkin- 
son's Business College Sacramento, Cal., 30. 
J. C. F. Kyger, Waco, Tex., Com. Coll. and 
Baylor University, ;I0; A. L. Gilbert, Spence- 
rian B. C, MUwaukee, 27; E. M. Hunt*iinger, 
Huutsinger's B. C, Hartford, Conn.. 27; L. W. 
Hallett, C. C, Elmira, 2ti; N. L. Richmond, 
Grand Prairie Seminary and Corn. Collegi 

i. R. Webster, Moore's Bus. Uu_ 
5; W. F. Giesseman. C. C. C. C, Di 

m.;R.M, Peck. U 
ham, Ma^. : F. P 
S. College, St. L..II 

•i Moiues, 


B. and 
- , Rich- 


Johnson, L. M. Qorham, W. C. Rider. 

By t\ Brogham; 

Ak 1 JoiJKSDct: 

In writing to Advertisers kindly 
say that you saw their notices in The 

samiX by i 

, Worcester, Mass. 

FED onsalarv 
nigh on Ink. t 

NliAKD t 

Capable and 

flrst-claas Business ~ 

experienced In teaching 

except penninDshlp. HiKiiesi run-rencee. 

dress " BUSIN ESS TEACHER," care The J 




Not arningeti in st-H. iiml covtrs the 
eutire subiect of book-kt'epiiiir. 

An Aid to Business College Students. 

Highly CDdoraed by teachers aud prac- 
tical accountants. 
Price, 50 cents ; with Key, $1.00. 

J. C. KANE, 

E. & B. Business College, Baltimore, Md. 

^NV KOHOOI. wltJiln 

A ride of _ _ _ . „_ 

class teacher of iienmnnsliip. bookhceplDtr, bus- 

a arrange with a first' 
. _ lip. bookhcr-'- 
inesR papers, correspondeocc, etc 
months of July and August. Twelve 

highest "references. Aifdi 

Who is cai. 
Muft haven g'"- 

Eetcnt to jrli ■ 
randies. A ir 
CLARS." care Tn 

teacher of shorthand and typewritioir, 
The other pcimnnship — ' ■•-'■- • 


A weU-estabhshed Bu'^inp'w C Uegc locate I ii 
agr wiQgcitv with one hundred ?housan 1 m 
babltauts aplentll Uv tqupned in successful 
opciution now ^nth a go 1 ncomc and with u 
Hrst (.lass rtputati n can bt pui chased at a 
KTcat bargain 1 he busines must be sold Ouh 
S-Wm tuah required Address 

Care of Pe>man s Art Journal 

W hole or half interest in a first class, well 
equiiied paying busimv college in fine loea 
tion can be i ur 1 nsed for a *imiai sum Owners 
ha\e tl er fnteiests that must have mmelinte 


480 Sheets LetteKSize, by express, $2,00. 

This is a fine, unruled, melium-weight paper, 
elegantly finished. Cor the use of pcuracn. All 
kinds of fine papt-r, ruled and unrmed, in stock. 




I departn 

hand and printed 
to order. We can make your book-kieping 
blanks cheaper than you can buy them ready 
made, and we will make them as you direct and 
put your imprint on the covei-s. 



Matters Not 

How Finely the tupieb 

May be Written There is 

In home piacticc tu m unt n t 

g -St rns t^ui pract tc c h c ij cirelul > d 
eautjfully written and graded from nsult*. f b 

J P U\KN1 

t PIttsbiigl Pa 

taiucd I 

n cards ? "Oc 



Hundrc^ of books aud useful articles are offered as special premiums to those 
wh'^ send clubs at the full price of $1.00 for each subscription with *re2ular premium 
We have not space to give full details here. If you are interested send ten cents for 
ropy of The Journal containing the aunouneements in detail. Here are iust a few 
of them : j *; ' 

Oickens' Complete Works in fifteen volunes (5200 pages, size 5 x 74) 
niailed free for one new subscription ($1.00) aud 75 cents extra— $1.75 in all In case 
of renewal, $9.00. Sir Walter Scott's Peeriess Waverly Novels, complete in 
twelve volumes, will be sent instead of Diekens' if desired 

Another set of Dickens, complete in twelve volumes, size 8J x 12, mailed tree for 
one new subscription and '^5 cents additional— $1.35. In case of renewal $1 50 

C€>oper;s Famous Leather-Stocking Tales in five volumes 'of aW 500 
pages each (size 5 x 7i) for one n^w subscription and 15 cents extra- $1. 15 Ii 
of renewal, $1.85. 

Business Letter Writers, Debaters, Elocutionists' Manuals and almost all the 
great novels, poems, scientific, historic, biographical works, etc.. included in list of 
special premiums for from one to three subscriptions 


with my DIcketiN* set. Great deal bettor than t expected. "—J, 

tim hiifhly pleased with them (DiekenH) would but noorlv ovnr.-ii 
■ Nh.s, iisman. Ohio. ' "J^ '"■•i">-!« 

f villi Dlckeii*. premium. 1 had 
I ' I .. 1.-* ■•"■ worlV-Mr Sexton ii,u.uLi. ■ 
K. M. JoNBS, Pittsburgh. Pa 


V Dlcki- 

-thc chuarrai l,,' kViii uw i- 

" Waverly uremiimi 1.1 

ing books at thi> lowest nil.'. 

m hi^fhty iik-ased with i»'av 
n htgliiy pleasi'd with Itowi 
erson who expects to debate 

pleased with his premium^ PnVa 
rksville. Ohio. 
1 ille, Pa."^' 

CuOAR. Windso 

-■ ■■- ......... ..r. — C. H. F '■ 

'oiupli'fc Uebaior. A copy s 

a^marvel of choapneaa. 
oviedo. FU 

... ii^UOAR. Wiiiusxi, .,111.. 

."— C. H- Edbr, Chicago. 
, iJowuwo,' Hoc kford" Mich. 


corapendhim size, there beli 

best teachers, and most skillful and system 

speclmeus to pra' 

isplajing magnificent i 
hleas in p( ■ ■ * 

I peumanshEp, I 




100,000 Stockihq Suppobtebs 


By A Reliable House! 

HoiE. Demtsl'slllistiatel lomtdr rasuon lournai 

\ OemoresI Celeb'd Corsets.! 
Shoulder Braces } 
W^VW " stocking Supporters I 

Snouldeii Braces 



TtieMme.Deinora$l Corsets IliiL 

How To Obtain I 
Two Articles; II 

Ul stocking Supiiortet-s 



Wf do Pi^otly (L. we gnannUc Our house lua been established Cor over (0 venre. nnd 


Ttiis otter should be taken advantage ot at onco as we will give away no more ttian 100,000 

The following will be mailed free on receipt of pri 
as special premiums : 

For r)(ip ttcw mbi^crliitUm : 

Burdetfs Patriotic Recitations 

and Readings. -This wurk 

Payne's Business Letter Writer and 
1E|( """""^1 of Co 


tr nr, . "eular premiums rclerrod to above, clioice of which wc give with every siibscript,„, 
Fl„, .;.i;. i^o * lollows : 1 he Lord s Prayer size, (ig x 24 inches) : Flourished Eaijle (24 x 32) 
;«? '.!lo"Ki°iy^V_ '-'"'^.""'»! Pi""''' "'Progress {24--"- ■• 


....~....... . .v.u.,; u. 1 lugrebs 4x4 X aoj ; Oram Memorial (22 x 

cale ris . !>«! ■ F.™;i, i/ ' j ft' ' '■;»'" »"'' Lincoln Eulogy (24 X 30) : Marriage Certifi- 
Dcn ind i^V 'Jj \I if '"^ " l\ ^''"' "= ''MO'ifi'l »nd elaborate lithographs from 
E'cturesthArfhf/^h handso„,e and showy pictures tor framing. Instead o( one of these 
a e "orksdesitoflt^y ""Y """" ^^°''>' °' '^"''^' """"« "' ■^^"' ^™ Cory Sl.tPS. Both 
chief ooin, of Hlff.! "l P'^"'"»"»'"P'. ■'"J "re particul.irly adapted to self instruction. The 

SeSch^rco; et"TdTor\rsVe"st'"m"r'e'':oLv'e„°''',"'; " '" """'r'""" "fj"' '"^ ^J-"" "= 
(lo.D. and w'rsh'cloth ins.«L7"aTerTi"di'„°g:rnr2Vcers"xt™:°"'- " """ """ ""^ 


D. T. AMES, 202 Broadway, New York. 

, vcv»i^'^"-**-'^'**;>it' 


" ^/iV^ 

'hi/"/ A/r^/'--J ')"/fu//N^ ireii3ira»5.ISIlllHiMi?si /// r/ ^^^-'/■' 

^/■,fi/"/ /'/r^/oJ n^,/,fr/,/,a ir^' 


''/'■//i^mUy,(re^ley, fy-eifyn4^' 

yfrum/J/Ae^J.' ^/'r' l,-n/,r' r.- 1 ^r/.v//>/ 'rrr',,rr/''r,,',rr//'/,/f,r'/r-/',rl/r/,''/^/i/)/j'rflf'r,'-,-}->c-f'iy 

3Qii» KTiii;CHKMi;sTAXi)IJK*T>lKru<M)m^ i^s%^^)^ 


/ ../../. 


'- %!'■■ 

— QSi^£^^^^^^^^^^;we!S^^^^mm^w^^% ^tK?j^«e^^^yyi:>- 

-..^^9%t&ci „„_,..„„, / 

The faeilities that we have for making School Diploi 

squalled by any establishment that we know of in this country. We ai-e thus enabled to make a price that defies 
from elsewhere and not from us, let us figure on a Diploma for you. That is the best way to verify what we say. If your i>enman can make 
the copy fnr the Diplnnia. you save just that much. Don't put it off. The busy season will be upon us in a short time, and we can give you more work for the money now, besides exiwditing 
venty-flve cents, Give full particulars in your first letter and save time. 

""??^ IT*{P} ''L^_2™e of the largest and best known schoola of this coimtry— schools that employ expert writing teachers of the best class. Could auy thing 
" "' " ■ ■ ■ ^qual. It tells the whole story— what to do— how to do it— how much to do at one time— what hij/ to do. 

competition. If you have 
the cnpv '- "-* "'" ' 
it Spp< 

■ SliLF kNSTRUCTlON this work has c 

made a wonderful reputation in the two years they have been on the raaricet. They a 
■i'^ aniniiin'H'^is nnd ..ftici' '■Ifrks they have no equal. The price (35 cents for a quarter ; SI. 00 a gross) i 
- 1 ' ''' ' ^ M Ml I \ ^n - l;i -T Pens. Special discounts for quantities. 
I ' ' ! ' ■ ll.|^, stone cloth, liquid slating, etc.); tlie Day T and Shading Square, CollegeCm-ri 

I I ' '■ ' 'i t- "i schools (or specially made to order). School invitations of the highest artistic 

^-!"i" ( ^ ■ M. IN ,1 ...i^.TiiMiiy. AddrcMH D. T. AMES, 202 Broadway^ New York. 

L large number of schools and bu: 

s largely 


of VI lessons in plain penmanship given by 
moil for $3.0(1. Tenoher's course W.OO. 

A. W. DAKIN, S>Tacu.w, N. 1'. 


5 1 5 East State Street, Trenton. N. I. 

TYPF,WKm,H>S rliKANED ■;• 





7.5 cents I will senrl you li cai'ds 
. raised on each 
11 knife. Your name written or raise<I, as ynii 
wish. The flowei-s look like wax work and 
these are positively the most beautilul cards 
in the world. A sample sent for IK) cents. 

A, W. DAKIN, Syracuse, N. Y. 


1. Commercial Arithmetic. (Complete edition.) Generally accepted by commercial teachers as the standard boolv on this 

subject. Used in over loo business schools and enthusiastically endorsed by all. Retail price, $1.50. Liberal discount to 

2. Commercial Arithmetic. (School edition.) Containing the essential part of the complete book. The most beautiful 

Ic.xltiook before the country. Retail price, $1. With proper discount to schools. 

3. Packard's New Manual of Bookkeeping and Correspondence. A logical, simple and complete treatise 

on BooUkccpins;, arrantjed for use in Business Colleges, and a most acceptable te.\t-book. Retail price, $1,. V/ ith proper 


Any one of these books sent 10 teachers for e.\aniiiiation at one-half lelail piice, 
Affntion this JoiiriiaL 

S. S. PACKARD, Publisher, loi East 23d Street, New York. 








[EHtabltshed 188i> j 


Send $1.00 for 4 trial lessons in penmansiiip 
by m&il. Tbe best vou ever received. 




Ko. 138. 

Expressly adapted for professional use and oma- 

ment&l penmanship. 





All of Standard aad Superior duality. 





DES MOINES, low*, 

is one of the leading schools of Amer- 
ica for the preparation of young men 
and women for business life. A spe- 
cial school of Shorthand in connection. 
Send for catalogue. 

J. M. MEHAN, Proprietor. 



Executes all Kinds of Ornamental Pen-Work 

To Order. 

Our EngrossinE. Pen-Drawlne. LPttering and 

Flourishing have received the highest com mend a- 

- - . „ - Reaolu- 

tions, Testimonials, &<i., executed in a flrst-closs 
manner. Large pieces of Flourishing, Lettering 
and Pen-Drawings done in the best possible manner. 
Correspondence solicited and satisfaction guaran- 
teed . Address 

i2-ie A. E. DEWHURST, Utica, N. Y. 


writing It, wiih ins 
stamp, and 1 will i 

tended Movement 

a full, and 3 

you addressed in mv u\vn 

luilng Buerclses, Capitals, 

MS, WUton Junction, Iowa. 

I^aper Warehouse, 

Nos. 1 5 & 1 7 Beekman St., 


' A thousand years as a day No nrithmetic 
teaches it, A short.simplcpractieul method by 
E. C. ATKINSON.Priocipal of Sacramento Busi- 
ness College, Sacramento, Cal. By moil, 50 cents. 
Address as above. 



Are the Best , 


Durability, Evenness ol 
Point, and Worknianship. 

5n. BLMEMMkcO.. ">a«^'viir" 



Practical Bookkeeping 

SIngte and Double Entry. 

By Thomas A. Rice. A.M., LL.B., 
Eiptrl A<xfm.n{ant and Secretary of Mnmid 
Citii. Frankhn, IrU<h-Amfrican. Wamtruiton 
and Garfield BuUdtng A 

A handsomely bound booli of 31 

$•■1.00, V, holeaale 81,20, introduction $1.1)0. 
will be sent any teacher for examloaiio 
ceipt of Sl.uO. For prospectus address 



In order to place my work in the hands of 
every reader of this paper, I will send on re- 
ceipt of $1.06 the following : 

Muscular Ifxercises 

13 Signatures (any name) . 
Specimens of l-lourlsbing 

14! Johnson St., Syracuse. N. Y. 









The leading school of pen art In the South. 
Designs and drawings of alt kln-is made for en- 
Kravjng.^ Correspondence Hnliclted with parties 
a!"onal)lo prlci 
,"Na~«Vviil«"' " """^ 

Morthern Illinois College of Pen Art, 

with ^ormal School and Business College. 

Thorough instruction in every branch of Pen 
stamps lor 

C. f 


d specimens. 


, Pa., Oct. 2«th. 

Mr. A. W. Dakin, Syracuse, N. T. 

Dear Sir : — Your letter and lesson of .June 
mh, 1889, came duly to hand, and, I assure you 
I spoiled many a sheet of pajxir in order to 
show you that I really appreciate your way of 
doing business. And there is no exjuso a man 
can give who does not avail himself of such 
a great chance to learn penmanship at home 
without spending but $;j.0O, Tbe price Is very 
low and witbin reach of every young man, 
and you deserve great credit for it. 
Very truly yours, 


All Engrossers and Draughtsmen Use 



innylng cut represents the head 

n of tbe blade of the stiuare, and 

lions of ruling and uhading. photo- 

!ct from work done by aid of tho 

1 common drafting pen, tho linca 

arnt«d at perfect intervals, and eie- 

rnpidly as thow made free-hand. 

between lines may be varied by turn- 

. iiikI iiiiidc horizontally or upon any 
lufli nr material. We give herewith 
<<i I iniiiit; photo-<*ngravod directly 

The Popularity of Williams & Rogers' Rochester Commercial Publications 


'I'he newer books — Coi 
lions of the teachers of the 
of daily occurrence, and the enth 

jrcial Arithmetic. Practical Grar 
ntry as the Bookkeeping, Comn 

1 of teachers regarding these books is a ; 

that th( 
abundantly at 

le most practical, the most teachal)le and the handsomest text bo 
ed by their extraordinary introduction and popularity 

■respondence and Civil Government, are s-eruring as firm a hold on the affec 
nd Seventy Lessons in Spelling have enjoyed. Orders for introduction an 
jurce of great satisfaction to the pubhshers. li is almost universally concede* 

n. and has sold so larRely, that 
almost every teacher knows all about it. It contains about 4000 difficult, yet common 
words, and gives the definitions of unusual ones, as well as their pronunciation. 

It should be understood, also, that we carry a large stock of Foolscap Paper, Pens. 
Rulers. Pen-Holders, Figuring Pads, Binning Pads. Blank Books for Bnok;:ccping, 
liusiness Forms, etc., etc., which are excellent in quality and cheaper than the cheapest, 
01-r>o-ulAx*ai, Z>x-loe X^lsts, tibcs. 

Specimen pages of the books and our Catalogue, containing a complete list of our 
publications, as well as of the commercial supplies which we have in stock, and giv- 
ing special introduction prices, with wholesale and retail rates, will be mailed to 
the address of any teacher or school officer upon application. Addresa 

WILLIAMS & ROGERS, Educational Publishers, Rochester, N. Y, 


Rubber Pen Extractor, 

j^ oiiJ^LnijEnsra-E 


in theii' poeaesslpn a 


[ fro 

whom) t 

I excels J 

; I wiitv 


iiu I send gratis and rufund you: 


2 SETS OF CAPITALS, different 40c. 1 T)OZ. FINE BEVEL CAHDS,30c 


drtrcss E. M. CHARTIEK. Principal Texas Business College. Paris. Tkxas. 

Best Work on Shorthand Ever Written. 


The author of this work is Prof. Alfred Day, a shorthand 
reporter of 25 years' experience, author of "Aid to Graham," 
"Shorthand Copy-Book," &c., President of the Cleveland Sten- 
ographers' Association. Principal and Proprietor of Day's School 
of Shorthand. 

It does not pretend to he a new system. It presents Graham's 
System in a wonderfully .simplified form, doing away entirely with 
the objections that have been made to that system by reason of 
its interminable complications. Prof. Day has removed these 
stumbling blocks, niakinj; the path of the student entirely plain. 

The results obtained by this work are unequaled in the historv 
of shorthand teachers. The publishers will be glad to give scores 
of testimonials from those who have acquired proficiency in a re- 
markably short time with no other teacher than "Day's Complete 
Shorthand Manual." 

The book, beautifully printed and bound in cloth, will be sent 
by mail post-paid to any address on receipt of the price, $1.50. 


THE BURROWS BROTHERS CO., Publishers. ,.^ 
23 to 27 EucLiu Avenue, - Cleveland, Ohio. 


uig Sdiool,aif/pce fIjoi/sa//r/£uj''t//eSestr/-fco/jnl- 
anls, cm///rrr/ffl tearZ/cTA a//djjo//mhs//?ci5 
///e/io/t//e'Wesi, //aire recciivc/l/ielTn/i/cat/o/i 
aiidslfl/f/// //Je. ^t/inro/ia/i]i?/s//?es^'0/irse, 

Iiaim'^-^jpp //Tit/'m a/ttoujr/tfk/p.rfer/('//ccr/^' 
teaclieis ufo 4trn/dat(/ic lieadof't//e/rj)rofcsmu 
'^rerj}lt/ieju/jicst^e/i///p/i i// t/ie'Wjfklacei/L 
t/jis i/istitmo/i, a//de/j-eiuJD'epait//)a/to/''i//e^ 
m/ea-e /sf/d///up to its r/di ■ert/se///>e//ts. 

Secwdfu/ Itt nitrated (^ta/mic r/ad^^ 
(Sipeci/r/e/is of fc/j///a//sti/p i-i>ef/tFf^EE. 

Published Monthly 
: 202 Broadway. N. Y.. for $1 per Yeai 


ered « the Post Office of New York 
N. Y , as Second-Class Mail Matter. 
Copyright, 1890. by D T AMES. 


Vol. XIV.— No. 4 

Letters by Telegraph. 

]».^tiil tele- 
i..n,,,h ser- 
vi,,.. The 

t.-r^ "^^ been 

less advocated for 


there seemed 

any likeHhood of Ha 

The Postmastcr-Gen- 
applied to 
Congress for authority 
to make use of the pres- 
ent post-office clerks 
a-jd letter-carriers for 
the additional purpose of collecting and 
distributing telegrams. This is not a 
project for creating a new army of govern- 
ment otiiciftls and offices to be squabbled 
over at election times. It is simply pro- 
posed to make the present post offices and 
incumbents a little more useful to the 

The bill provides among other things as 
follows ; 

For the purpose of transmission of corres- 
pondence among the people aad of pro- 
moting commerce between the several 
States, the limited post and telegraph 
service is hereby established as a bureau or 
part of th'i Post-Ofhce Department of the 
United States, and postal telegrams shall 
be received at post offices, transmitted by 
telegraph, and delivered through the 
medium of the post office service iti the 
manner herein described. All post offices 
in places where the tree-delivery service 
now exists, or may hereafter be established, 
during the operation of this act, shall be 
postal- telegraph stations, and the Post- 
master-General shall (rom time to time 
designate as postal stations, post offices in 
other planes where, in his judgment, the 
wants of the public may be supplied under 
the operations of this act. 

That the Postmaster General, with the 
concurrence of the Secretary of the Treas- 
ury and the Attorney General, shall con- 
tract for a period not exceeding ten years 
with one or more telegraph companies, 
under such conditions as shall in his 
judgment best fultill the purposes of this 
act, but subject to all the provisions 
named in this act, for the transmission by 
telegraph of postal telegrams as herein 
pn-.vided or for the furnishing of the lines. 
Postal telegrams may be written or printed 
upon postfll telegninj forms or cf^rds, to be 

supplied by the Post-Office Department, 
or upon any other suggested forms, to be 
supplied by the sender, provided that in 
the latter event stamps of sufficient value 
shall be affixed to the communication to 
cover the cost of the service, as herein 
provided. Postal telegrams may be for- 
warded by mail from any post office in the 
United States to any postal telegraph 
office, and shall be transmitted by tele- 
graph, provided the necessary telegram 
postage has been prepaid, as herein pro- 
vided. Postal telegrams bearing special- 
delivery stamps shall have special delivery. 

words or less, counting address and signa- 
ture, nor over twenty-five cents for any 
distance under fifteen hundred miles, nor 
over fifty cents for any greater distance, 
said rates and rules and regulations to be 
prescribed by the Postmaster General. 

Unshaded Capitals. 

The instrument of torture used by the 
larger per cent, of the writing public does 
not admit of that flexibility nt 
produce shaded strokes. The pen 

By D. E. Blake, Oalesburg, III. iPhoto- En graved.) 

No liability shall accrue against the 
Post-Office Department or telegraph com- 
pany on account of errors or delays in the 
transmission of telegrams. Nothing in 
this act shall be so construed as to pro- 
hibit any telegraph company from jier- 
forming a general business for the public 
as the same is now done. 

The Postmaster General shall provide 
suitable space or room in the post-office 
buildings as postal telegraph stations for 
the wires, instruments, apparatus and 
operation of the telegraph so far as he may 
deem necessary for the purposes of this 
act. The Post-Office Department shall be 

entitled to a sum equal to cents for 

each postal telegram originating at such 
post office. 

The charges in any one State shall not 
exceed tea cents for messages of twenty 

facturers of both the old and new world 
have studied the wants of the people, and 
found that the pen which produces a 
strong, smooth, even line serves the best 
purpose. Hy common consent the pen has 
met the wants of the people, and the 
people have been controlled by the mother 
of inventou. Necessity has demanded 
unshaded capitals, and our leaders should 
be on the (/iti rive to guard their interests, 
by placing themselves in possession of 
such forms as will meet the demands of 
business in its common acceptation. 

If the forms taught are not retained; it 
the forms taught cauuot be produced in 
the shortest possible time with a coarse 
pen: if the forms taught are not equal to 
the emergency of the hour, why set our- 
selves up as leaders of an 
people ? 

•iftl'' for Hook llluatraliny. 

The standard forms of to-day are not 
the same as those of a few years ago. 
The "standard" forms of to-day and of 
years past contain shade, u seemingly 
necessary part of a letter. If the word 
"standard " has any significance it should 
bear its imprint in results. With a coarae 
pen shade is out of the question, hence a 
wise conclusion is reached that the so- 
called standard forms cannot be properly 
executed. With some "standard" capi- 
itals the shade can be omitted without in- 
convenience, while in others it necessitates 
a change in the form of the letter and 
when it does it proves that a discrepancy 
exists chargeable to the j)rofession. 

I do not believe that a set of capitals 
adapted to the pencil or coarse pen will 
serve the highest and best .purpose when 
shade is desired. For this reason alone I 
deem two styles necessary. 

Some of the standard forms as given by 
some authors, are not only incomplete 
without shade but are not susceptible of 
any combining power — a very necessary 
operation in rapid writing. Capitals 
should combine as ca-sily as the small let- 
ters, and we believe that the day is not far 
distant when a standard form without 
shade will be regarded as the proper 

Shaded capitals arc as much of a neces- 
sity, as an extra suit of clothes. A time 
and place makes them particularly de- 

Who will question their efficacy ? 

Fortune at a Honiid. 

A Dutchman, whose son had been em- 
ployed in an insiirance company's office 
was met by an acquaintance who inquired ; 

" Well, Mr. Snider, how is Hans getting 
along in his new place? " 

"Sboost sphlendid; he was one of the 
directors already." 

"A director! I never heard of such 
rapid advancement — the young man must 
be a genius." 

"lie vas; he shoost write a shplendid 

"Oh, yes; plenty of people write good 
hands, but you said Huns was a director." 

" So he vas," (indignantly) "he direct 
them circulars ten hours efery day al- 
ready." — Wfnterii Plamnitn 

FloaMureti of Boyhood. 

Petey Quince— My father's richer'n 

Johnny Uoolittle— No he hain't. Wc 
got a mortgage on our house. 

"Humph! My mother's got a guitar 
in her head." 

" Our baby's got the skollit fever " 

■■ Your pop gits drunk." 

" He kin lick your pop, ennyhow." 

"But you kan't lick me; I'm bigger'n 

*■ Humph ! Mebbe I kan't. but I kin 

"Oh, well ! Who said you couldn't? 
Let's go fishia '." 

" Let'8." —J>r<(fre'ii Maijazhf. 

Mistakes at the Post Office. 

I'Miially, Itir Nrndrr |p> lleBponRlble tor 
Ihe I.cll«>r thai Nvver <'anie. 

A woman went to Col. Percy Jones, 
SupcrinUndt-nt of the Missicg Letter 
Burcuu of the Post Office, yesterday, and 
let him know thnt a letter she bad mailed 
Aome weeks ago bad gone astray. She 
a«kfd bim to look it up for her. 

"lam positive I put it into the letter 
box, and that it has not been received by 
the person to whom it watt addr^ed. It 
watt a letter of HOme imjiortaDce, and all 
this delay is a great annoyance." 




Cnloiicl JoDca from the formal inquiring 
liliink of tlie Post Office Department. 
Colonel Jones handed the blank filled up 
to Mr. Tool, his assistant, 

" Nearly everybody puts the blame for 
missing letters upon the Post Office folks," 
Mr. Tool said to a reporter of the Sun, 
•' but the fact is that in nearly 50 per cent, 
of tlie cases investigation shows that it is 
the fault of the senders. In the most im- 
portant letters they are not at all careful. 
In this pile you will find names of cities 
omitted ; in many cases the Christian 
names are left off, and in numerous in- 
stances the name of the person to whom it 
is to be delivered is not there." 

" How will you find this letter ? " he was 

" We never say for certain that we will 
find a letter. All we can do is to make a 
tlioroueh search for it. If we find it we 
send it to the person to whom it is ad- 
dressed or the person who calls upon 
us to institute the search. Only a short 
time ago a $loO check was returned to a 
man in Fulton Market that he had sent to 
another man in South Carolina eleven years 
ago. Search was made for it and it was 
not found. It was finally referred to the 
Dead Letter Office at Washington. It 
wiLs by accident that it turned up there. 
A clerk was overhauling a bundle of docu- 
ments, when he came across the check, 
lie had often seen the blank makiug in- 
ipiiry about this same check. It was for- 
warded to thi.s city and turued over to the 
Fulton Market man. So you can see it's 
possible for us to return a letter any time 
inside of a century. Here is a letter that 
was rifled by a dishonest clerk. It was used 
as evidence, and is now forwarded to the 
person to whom it was addressed after a 
three mouths' delay. Here is a letter that 
hiLs traveled twice across the ocean. It 
has a Bank of England note inside. 
There is no telling when we will find its 
owner. We follow a letter up as it goes 
out or comes into the Post Office, tracing 
it from one hand to the other. With a 
registered letter, or one with money order 
enclosed, the work is easy. With an 
ordinary letter it is a difficult ttisk, and 
has to he traced along with the other mail. 
We send, at a venture, to all the post- 
oifices with names the same or similar to 
that upon the letter. Should we not find 
it Iheti, we send our inquiries to the Dead 
Letter Office nt Washington. Our search 
turns up one-half of the letters." 

" 111 ease a money letter, with a business 
card in one corner asking thnt it be re- 
turued if not delivered, is missing, you 
can bet that it has been rifled, or has 
dropped into some out-of-the-way place, 
only to be found in a long time perhaps. 
If many complaints are made against a 
post office, it is sure to bring the post 
office where the letters are missed under 
suspicion. They may ^ on rifling letters 
there for sometime, but they are generally 
caught soon. The letters we are asked to 
look after generally are those of value "— 
.\r,r )'.,-/- .s„„. 

know. His u\vh <>t ) 

paratively iuexi- n-i 
twutb wutiiry . ,\ 
hathiug appliance i 

The " Pretty Typewriter " Must 

The " pretty typewriter " must go; that 
is the adjective, not the individual. As 
inspiration for the penny-a-liner she has 
long ceased to be amusing or even inter- 
esting. It is no doubt a fact that some 
girls hesitate to study shorthand and type- 
writing on account of the false impression 
they get trom the shafts of the flippant 
newspaper scribbler. Prof. 3. S. Packard, 
of this city, expressed himself very vigor- 
ously on the subject through The Joiibnal 
recently. Here is another from the same bat- 
tery, ria Mr. Miner's Phonographic World : 

I have long desired to say a word on a 
subject which this heading suggests. It 
is in reference to the profession of aman- 
uensis or stenographer which is implied 
in the term "typewriter," when that term 
signifies the operator and not the machine. 
And by the way, it may be well enough 
to say here that the typewriter is always 
the operator, whether we so understand it 
or not; and we should not permit either 
the ignorance of the inventor or the per- 
sistence of the manufacturer to wrest from 
us the philological right to use words in- 
telligibly and logically. So when I say 
" pretty typewriter," I wish to be under- 
stood as referring to a person, and icfer- 
entially to a lady. 

I object to the qualifying term on gen- 
eral principles, and shall be glad to see it 
go out of use : not because it may not fitly 
describe a very useful and interesting in- 
dividual, but that its use has grown to be 
not only objectionable, but hurtful. It is 
quite well understood now that the girl 
amanuensis has come to stay, and that 
where there is one man who says, "I 
wouldn't have a girl stenographer in my 
oflice for her weight in gold," there are a 
hundred who prefer a good girl to an in- 
different man. There are a number of rea- 
sons why a girl is preferable to a man in 
an office, without touching upon her good 
looks or her beguiling manners. The first 
reason, perhaps, with a large number of 
employers is that she can be had for less 
wages; and while this may not be in all 
respects commendable, it is well to bear in 
mind that in no other position where girls 
work for pay, is the pay as generous as it 
is here. An intelligent girl in a store will 
receive from $5 to $8 a week for ten hours 
close confinement, while one having the 
same intelligence, with the stenographer's 
skill added, will get from $10 to $18 a 
week for six hours" work under far better 
conditionsand more pleasant surroundings. 

Another reason why girls as a rule are 
preferred to men is that they are more 
orderly, more quiet and more obliging. 
They carry with them an air of refinement 
and a sense of fidelity that is comfortingto 
a busy, worried man. They seem to be- 
long to the place somehow, to fit into its 
necessities, and to supply its deficiencies. 
A girl, such as I have in mind, has her 
eyes about her, she is full of sympathy, 
constantly on the alert for unpleasant 
things which she may avert or turn to 
good account. She anticipates the wishes 
of her employer and gratifies them almost 
before he has them. She uot opiy 
wins his favor by her faithfulness, but com- 
mands his respect by respecting herself. 
It is not necessary thnt she should be 
either plain or untidy to keep ])eoplc at a 
proper distance. She may even he good- 
looking and dress in taste without sub- 
jecting herself to the smallest danger of 
insult or of misconception. There are 
plenty of wolves in sheeps' clothing; 
plenty of men who move in "good so- 
ciety," and claim to be decent, who do 
not devote themselves to saving women 
from their own folly, who, in fact, would 
rather encourage than discourage a possible 
tendency to weak ways on the part of girls 
who are not in their aircle; there arc 
those, indeed, who will uot scruple to use 
the little power they may have to serve 
their own base ends — but it must be for- 
ever understood that such men as employ- 
ers are the exception and not the rule, and 
that any decent, self-respecting girl may 
accept without risk any respectable posi 
tion that offers which she can fill. 

It is not true that most middle-aged 
men want to marry their typewriters, nor 
that a simpering fool with bright eyes 
aud curls can get easier positions and bet- 
ter wages than the girl who knows how 
to do her duty and does it. 

It would nor be correct to say that the 
"pretty typewriter" has lost her hold, 
for she never bad any to lose. There is 
nothing wrong in being pretty and u 
typewriter at the same time, but the 
beauty that men seek for — the beauty that 
In&ts, the beauty that pays is a thorough 
liadge of the business and grace to 

Lessons in Practical Writing.- 
No. 1 I. 

The Slate Problem. 

As before stated we make no use of 
slates for practice drills, yet we are forced 
to use them in many cases for number 
work and even for language, spelling and 
trial compositions. Now, the question is 
how to make the best of this almost neces- 
sary evil. To produce a bright line with 
a slate-pencil a pupil is obliged to grasp it 
quite firmly, in fact tightly, and to press 
down heavily if held in the same position 
as that of the pen. The habit thus formed 
of squeezing the pencil is very naturally 
and unconsciously extended to his pen- 
holding. We find our only remedy in re- 
quiring a position for both slate and pencil 
whi'ih will remove the necepsity for turn- 
ing the former lengthwise of the desk, 
thus forcing the body out of position, or 
for squeezing the latter. 

This emblem of primitive education is 
perhaps the most formidable obstacle en- 
countered in primary schools. When will 
it take its place among the log school- 
house, slab, bench and quill pen ? 

Take the point of the pencil between 
the ends of the first and second fingers 


S, S, Packard. 

and thumb of the left band; place the top 
between the third and fourth fingers of the 
right hand, and bring the ends of the 
thumbs together as in cut 1 ; then close the 
fingers down around it as in cut 2. The 

I is now placL-d under tae slate, 
which is raised almost to a perpendicular 
position and turned obliquely as in cut U. 
The pupil leans against the back of his 
seat, drops his elbow to a comfortable po- 
sition at his side and begins work. If the 
desks are too near to each other, or the 
slates are too large to handle thus, lay the 
left arm on the desk and the slate on top 
of it. Cut 4 shows a little hand striving 
to prevent the thumb and fingers from 
sliding down the pencil. It can only be 
done by squeezing it if held in the pen po- 
sition. The unbendinij of the second joint 
of the thumb shows a weakness in that lo- 

The thumb and forefinger coming to- 
gether as they do above the pencil, and 
the second and third fingers supporting 
it at a point further back, entirely re- 
moves the necessity for squeezi-ig it. The 

position of the slate makes it easier not to I 
touch the wrist or band than to touch it, 
while the pressure necessary to productt 
strong lines is mffieient to steady the E 
tion. We have thus effectually removsd t 

cansc» which have heretofore compdledA 
pupils to turn in their seats (if the slate 
happened to be a large one) forced them 
to nquecze the pencil, and tempted them 
to lay the wrist and hand down. Now, 
no matter h<no hirge or how small the slate, 
the pupil may write at the top or hottom 
with equal ease and not molest those sitting 
in front of him, while his position at desk 
is easy and ht^lfhrul. Nothing but the 
point of the pencil should come m con- 
tact with the slate. The auifle at which 
the pencil strikes the slate or the direc- 
tion iu which the top is pointed is a mat- 
ter of no great consequence, for, unlike 
the pen, it has a solid point. 

To test this position step into a third, 
fourth or fifth grade school and request 
the pupils to write a few words and some 
figures in the ordinary way; then give the \ 
directions for the new position as de- ^ 
scribed above and call upon them to re- 
peat the work, making it the same sizt as 
before. Notice the work of those whr. 
really grasp the idea and who hold tlie 
pencil without the nsitistanee of the littlr 
,fingcr, an they should, and you will Jim] 
that fully 90 per cent, of such will pro- 
duce practically as good results on first 
trial, as in the old way. 

Cut 5 shows our manner of manipulat- 
ing the pupil's writing machinery. While ' 
the left hand is placed under his arm 
determine the exact weight or presaura ' 
thereupon placed, the right overlaps the 
pupil's right hand, pressi-s each member 
thereof into position and furnishes the 
necessary power to propel the same. 
While thus engaged the teacher can readily 
determine by the touch and by the amount 
of force needed to propel the pupil's arm 
the exact state oi the muscular tension. 
This may be increased or lessened by a 
word from the teacher. 

Wheu the arm and band become per- 
fectly pliable, and when the pupil's mind 
and hand seem to be working in harmony 

Al. 1 elOrKN.VIF^ 

with that of (he teacher, the left hand is 
withdrawn, Iht- pupil instructed to phice 
the same weight upon the desk us that 
placed upon the teacher's ami, and the 
work of Ruiding the pu[)ir8 hand con- 
tinues. Presently the right hand is re- 
moved by degrees and the pupil's hand al- 
lowed to float alone. We have tried 

Spin a top upon a book, hold the book 
in the hand and move it steadily to the 
right. The moving of the book docs not 

fishes, faces or fruits are easily traced in 
script forms. To add the few lines neces- 
sary to "bring them out " is not mere play, 
but serves to fix the fonu in the minds of 
pupils, and reach many who could never 
be interested in a stale, anulyticu] descrip- 
tion of a letter. If possible, never give a 
lesson twice alike upon the same exercise. 
If you possess any ingenuity use it; if not, 
you have no right to tamper with a thing 
so eacred as the development of a human 
mind, and the schoolroom is no place for 

Had we the space, we would like to 
enumerate scores of " schemes " for inter- 

where the writer teaches evening classes. 
The running hand seen in the note is ad- 
vocated in the advanced graOes of our 
graded schools. 

This series will close with the current 
number We had contemplated a little 
longer scries, but were compeliei to yield 
to the demands of other duties now need- 
ing our attention. 

We feel that to close this series without 
a formal acknowledgment of the courteous, 
generous, patient, loyal and royal treat- 
ment of the editorial staff and manage- 
ment of The JornNAi,, who have spared 
neither pains nor cash (o make our efforts 


Illuslrntioiis for Prof. Hoff^g Accompanying Lesson. [Photo-Enyraced ftoui his Copy.) 

interfere with the whirling motion of the 
top. The rotary action of the hand when 
combining such lettem as B, I, J, Z. E, or 

resembles the whirling motion of the 
top. while the lateral sweep of the arm 
imitates that of the book. The S is in- 
troduced with a sort of a rocking motion. 
The rebounding of the muscles in writing 
the second part of Y is suggestive of the 
basebnll action, while the dropping 
through base in writing Z reminds one of 
a wooden ball which falls, strikes the edge 
of the desk, poises an instant, then con- 
tinues the *'drop" to the floor. Okscrvc 
the result of using the former in writing 

1 he Z or the latter in writing the Y. 

The outlines of leaves, insects, birds, 

esting and iDatrncting both young and 

old, but we have not. We only hope that 
the few mentioned will set you to thinking 
up some for yourself. 

If after having called special attention 
to a number of " points" about the copy 
upon the board you wish to leave perma- 
nent reminders of what you have said 
just draw a small dart pointed at the oh- 
jecthe pointn. In '"Yankton" they point 
out the direction of the introductory mo- 
tion, crossing off loop in y, close tops of o 
and a and place the small oval in k in a 
horizontal position. 

The alphabet presented herewith shows 
the leading styles of caps worn by the 
"practice pages" at Drake Uuiversity, 

succeed, would, be to exhibit an ignorance 
of the rules of common courtesy. 

We would also feel that we had shown 
ourselves equally ungrateful should we 
neglect to acknowledge here the many 
highly complimentary letters received from 
such men as I). T. Ames, H. C. Spencer, 
f. H. Peirce, W. J. Kinsley, W. A. 
Moulder, C. N. Crandlc. L. W. Briggs, 
J. T>. llolcomb. Geo. I. Miller and others 
whose names I cannot recall, and some of 
whose letters I have not yet found time to 
acknowledge. This unsolicited yet highly 
esteemed recognition of our efforts have 
done more to encourage and lighten the 
labor connected with their preparation 
thfln_6core9.of.tbe,.mo8t extravagant and 

complimentary communications could have 
done from less reliable, sincere or authen- 
tic sources. 

But the sad feature of the whole affair 
is that the eronic objector to any thing 
new or re-new(ed) has not deigned to 
notice us in his characteristic way. Not 
one adverse criticism has reached us. We 
feel keenly this slight. 

TliE AVVtlOAl 


The auctioneer leaped on a chair and bold 

and loud and clear. 
He poured his cataract of words, just like 

an auctioneer. 
An auction .^ftle of furniture, where some 

hard mortgagee 
Was bound to get his money back and 

pay his lawyer's fee. 

A humorist of wide renown, this doughty 

His joking raised the loud guffaw and 

brought the answering jcor, 
He scattered round his jests like rain on 

* the unjust and the just; 
Sam Slecman said he "liffed so much he 

thought thet he would bust." 
He knocked down bureaus, beds and 

stoves, and clocks and chandeliers, 
And a grand piano which he swore would 

" last a thousand years; " 
He rattled out the crockery and sold the 

At last they passed him up to sell u little 

baby's chair. 
"How much? how much? come, make 

a bid; is all your money spent ?" 
And then a cheap, focetious wag came up 

and bid. "One cent." 
Just then a sad-faced woman, who stood 

in silence there, 
Broke down and cried, '' My baby'schair! 

My poor, dead baby's chair! " 
"Here, madam, take your baby's chair," 

said the softened auctioneer, 
" I know it's value all too well, my baby 

died Inst year; 
And if the owner of the chair, our friend, 

the mortgagee 
Objects to this proceeding, let him send 

the bill to me!" 

was the lone of raillery: the humor- 
ist auctioneer 

Turned shame-faced from his audience to 
brush away a tear; 

The laughing crowd was itwcd and still, 
no tearless eye was there 

When the weeping woman reached and 
took her little baby's chair. 
~S. W. Fo«^ ill Thr Yfinkre Bhuh. 

Customer — How do you s 
ling, Mr. Hrnlcs f ' 
■ocer — By the pound, 

L-11 sugar this 

Customer — Well, 
this morning, I gn< 
way to Mr. Counter'; 


Have you sent in your subscription for 
our forthcoming hook on flouri.shing ? If 
not. and you want it, don't delay. Never 
mind about the money until the book is 
ready to mail. 

Tlie State of Conneeticut has taken the 
lead in creating a law imposing a fine of 
%! upon a minor found in any public place 
or in the street smoking a cigarette. This 
is one of the most encouraging examples 
of the times in regard to the lessening of 
the evil resulting to youth from the uj-c of 

" After a thorough ezamhiation I pi 

\f,wi\ hand-printing 
suiull, while tlie the 

jpraetleull^ uuliuiitctl. Iiigprnol 

hleli they may b» 
put ai-e praelleully uuliuiitctl. Iiigprnofl & 
Kif).. ClCorHandstroct. New York City, ore 

good people to sui>pty 8u?h articles, 



The Return of the Hoe— A 
Comedy of Errors. 

why you so lute? Sup- 
per been a spilin' on 
(le stove ilis half-hour," 
ami Aunt Lucy faced 
her liegi- lord with 
stern dignity. 

"Old Dnddy Moses 
an' me been a-havio' it 

' Havio' what out ? You ain't bcpn 
and ha-I a fuss wid Mr. Benson, 'Liah 
Johnsing ? " 

"Yes, I have. Ole skincher. Here I 
been a-hocin' hard in de fiel' all day, and 
he mean 'nough to dock my wages ten 
cents 'cause I warn't back at noon just at 
de minute. I waren't late mor'n half an 
hour or three quarters of an hour. But I 
give him piece of my mind." 

" I s'po^c he don't want to pay for work 
he don' git." 

" Don' git ? Why, thar was Sam Stev- 
ens an' Bill Jenkins- they talk more'u half 
de time, an' rested on they handles mor'n 
t'other half, an' did he dock them any ? 
Not he. lie got spite 'gain me, I know 

' ' Whar'd you git dat new hoe ? " queried 
Aunt Lucy, as 'Liah hung that implement 
up in the wood shed. 

" Nebber you mind. Women always 
want stick their nose into ebberyting. " 

*' An' what you done wid your ole hoe 
you took away this noon ? You didn' 
trade dat off for new hoe." 

"Yes, I did, 'f ye will know." 

"'Liah Johnsing," blurted out Aunt 
Lucy, as a sudden suspicion flamed in her 
eyes; "dat ain't one of Moses Benson's 
hoes ? You ain't gi>ne an' changed off yo' 
ole hoe for one his'n, I hope ? You 
wouldn' do dat if he is a skincher, 'n'you 
a member de church, 'Liah Johnsing ? " 

"Miss Johnsing, you jest ten' to yo' 
own business. Don't you let nie hear not 
one mo' word 'bout dat hoe." 

With closely compressed lips Aunt Lucy 
completed the preparation for supper. 
She called in the children — six, of all 
ages — and they sat down, 

"'Liah Johnsing, ask de blessing, " she 

The meal went somewhat gloomily off. 
The overtures of the younger fry to either 
parent were grumpily met. Supper things 
being cleared away, young Sally sat down 
to the mclodeon in the parlor a- d played 
Moody and Sankey songs for the Johnson 

Suddenly, as bedtime drew near, 'Liah 
rose and went into the house, saying as he 
went: " Got to go down to de sto', Lucy. 
I iorgot I got to mow Dawkinses fiel' to- 
morrow, an' my whetstun's worn clean 
down to de bone, an' I've got to start off 
to-morrow 'fore sto's open." 

'Liah had been gone hardly a minute 
when Aunt Lucy called in a tragic whis- 
per to Paul, her oldest boy, six years of 
age, who was just then deep in " Only an 
Armor Bearer,'* "You Paul, you come 
here quick, by yo'self." 

Paul, used to obeying, came promptly, 
and was drawn close up to his mother on 
the chair. " Now, you Paul, I wonder 
kin I trnst you to do something for me ?" 

Paul, somewhat distrustful, kept dis- 
creetly silent. 

"I wish you's a little bigger, but de 
Lord will hoi' you up. Paul, you listen." 

A small boy could hardly listen more 

"When yo' paw comes home from de 
■■ all gone to bed an" got 'sleep; 

• heai 

i'. Paul ! " 

" You get up still's a mouse' an' you gi 
git dat hoe yo' ]>aw brought home, .^r 
don't you make no noise takin' it down 

an' you kerry dat hoe ober to Mr. Benson's ; 
an' you take de hoe dat's hangin' dar — 
dat's our hoe, Paul, dai yo' paw left thar 
by 'staki; — you take dat hoe an' bring it 
home an' hang it in the woodshed, an' don' 
you nebber tell yo' paw nothin' 'bout it." 

Mr. Johnson chose an early bedtime to 
insure early rising for the morrow's morn- 
ing. His guilty conscience did not bring 
aboiit the proverbial insomnia, but long 
after his snores had begun to resound 
through the low chamber. Aunt Lucy's 
ejes were wide open, and her ears intent 
on the slightest noise. She grinned un- 
easily in the dark as she heard a slight 
rustle by the door, a creak or two on the 
rickety stairs. Her heart leaped as the 
shed door shut with a loud bang, but 
'Liah slept on. The moments seemed 
hours. At last came the longed-for creak 
on the stairs, and Aunt Lucy, with a mut- 
tered " Bress de Lord ! " went soundly to 

The first sun's rays were shining in at 
the window through the morning glories, 
the early breakfast was smoking on the 
table, the six young Johnsons were strag- 
gling down in various stages of sleepi- 
ness, Aunt Lucy was bending over the 
stove and 'Liah washing at the sink, when 
a loud knock was heard at the kitchen 
door, which being opened, disclosed Mr. 
Benson. By his side stood the village 
constable. In his hand was an old and 
much-battered hoe. 'Liah saw the hoe 
and his upper jaw fell. Aunt Lucy's gaze 
also was riveted on it. 

" Goliath Johnson," said the constable, 
"you're my prisoner. You stole Mr. 
Benson's hoe." 

"'For dc Lord, Mr. Benson, I ain't got 
you hoe. What you doin' with mine?"' 

"You needn't pretend that you left 
your old hoe in my barn by mistake, 'Liah 
Johnson,"' burst in Mr. Benson, "as if 
you couldn't tell this old thing from my 
new hoe. What have you got to say for 
yourself? " 

"You may search dis place, Mr. Ben- 
son, from top to bottom, an' side to side, 
an' you won't fin' no stiver of yo' old hoe. 
How you got mine. I 'clar I give up, but 
you kin see for yo'self. Now here's where 
I keeps my hoe," and 'Liah swung open 
the wood-shed door. 

There hung Mr. Benson's new hoe. 

' ' You Paul ! " fairly shouted Aunt 
Lucy, pouncing on her young hopeful, 
" what did you fo las' night? " 

"Dii jist what youtol'me. Took back 
dat hoe an' changed it for de one in Mr. 
Benson's barn." 

" Took back what hoe?" shouted 'Liah 
in his turn. "Lucy Johnsing, what you 
been stickin' yo' fingers in?" 

" Well, 'Liah. I 'lowed I warn't goin' 
to have no hoe in dis house what didn't 
b'loug to us by rights, 'n" so I tol' Paul to 
git up liis' night an' change de hoes back 
agin, and if he did it, how dis one comes 
hcah beats me." 

"You Lucy Johnsing, see what you's 
been an' done wid yo' meddlin' ! I took 
back that hoe 'for I went to bed, when I 
made's though I was gittin' de whetstun, 
an' then you went'n' changed 'em back 

"'Liah Jonsing, why you keep secrets 
from yo' wedded wife? Why didn't you 
tell me 'bout dat?" 

By this lime Mr. Benson saw that there 
was something more in the matter than he 
had supposed, and, sending away the con- 
stable, he got from the worthy couple, 
with much circumlocution, the story of 
the night's mistake. Being a man with 
some sense of humor, he was quite molli- 
fied by the comicalities of the situation, 
and even went so far as to take breakfast 
with the Johnsons. 

"An' after dis, 'Liah Johnsing," was 
Aunt Lucy's moral, "you'd better think 
twict 'fore you keep any mo' secrets from 
yo' lawful wedded wife!" 


[Contribiitfona for tliis Department may t>e 
addressed to B P. Kbli,bv, office of Thb Pen- 
man's Art Journal. Brief educational items 

The new Republic ot Brazil ha» an educa- 
tional qualification for suffrage. 

The alumni of the University of Paris num- 
bered nearly 1 1 lOOO last year. 

It has been estimated that fully 30 per cent, 
of the entire French population are entirely 
devoid of education. 

The standard of elementary education in 
the Nortl^ern States exceeds that of any coun- 
ti-y of the world, except Germany. 

The King of Slam is about to send five 
Siamese boys t<) the United States to be edu- 
cated at his own expense. 

Compulsory school attendance began in Ger- 
many in 17(13; in Denmark, in 1814; in Prussia, 
in 18(i6; in England, in 1870; in Italy, in 1871; 
in France, in 1883. 

Twenty-six thousand nine hundred and 
forty-five students have attended the twenty 
universities of Germany during the winter 
session which has just closed. 

Of 17,986 books published in Germany last 
year, no less than 2083 were educational— a 
larger number than were classetl under any 
other head. 

In 1861 there were in Italy 16,9iin,701 pereons 
unable to read, out of a [x>pulation of 21,777,- 
331. In 1879 -18 per cent. oE the l)ridegi-ooms 
and 70 per cent, of the brides were unable to 
sign their names. 

In 1878 there was no considerable district in 
Germany proper where there was even one 
per cent, of illiterates. Children must atteoil 
school not less than five years. 

A returned missionary, who has been many 
yeai-s in Japan, has just been showing some 
cui'ious effects of culture in that country. It 
seems that the Japanese have seized upon the 
idea of secular education with great avidity. 
While only 7O00 children go to school where 
religious knowledge is a part of the curricu- 
lum, over 3,000,000 attend where the teaching 
is purely agnostic. 

An American whaler — The schoolmaster. 
Funny Man's Little Boy— May I leave the 
room, teacher! 
Teacher— Why do you want to leave the 

F. M. L. B, — 'Cause I can't take it with me, 

"■ I hear that young Lazie passed his ex- 
amination in anatomy with honors. Did he 
havea private tutor?" *' No; he went bath- 
ing every day at Asbury Park." 

A Lewis County principal thinks that Mo- 
pology and Dishology, for ladies, and Saw- 
buckology and Axology for gentlemen, good 
for physical education. — Normal Instructor. 

Visitor to a school— Now, children, what do 
you suppose was the first thing I did when 1 
went to school ? 

Small boy on a back seat — I'll Iwt you stuck 
a bent pin in the teacher's chair! 

In one of the new girls' schools : The in- 

wiih to have the best informed young lady 
come to the blackboard," he says, solemnly. 
No one moves. "Then," says he, gracefully, 
"I should like the prettiest one to come." 
They all rise. 

Teacher — Parse the word "man" in that 
sentence. Tommy. 

Tommy— Man is a common noun, masculine 
gender, and subject of — 

Teacher — Subject of what, Tommy ? 

Tommy— Subject of woman. 

And the teacher smiled to herself and didn't 

Two Texas ladies were talking about the 
children. " How is youi- boy coming on at 
school J" " He is quite an artist. He is draw- 
ing live animals." "So is ray boy, Bill. He 
di-ew a eat up in a ti-ee. He drew it all up by 
himhelf, too." " Did he use a crayon f" "No; 
he UKeda rope." — Tea-as Hiftings. 

Pat (to Harvard Graduate)- How wood ye 
pronoimce " M-a-c H-i-n-e-r y {" 

Harvard Graduate nvith sneering contempt) 
— " Mac Hin cry," of course. 

Pat (smilmg)— Ye are mestakin, me dood, it 
is " Machinery." 

The Only Parallel.- Lecturer on Col- 
orado — Where else in the world will you fiud 
one spot outside of our State, such products as 
marble, iron, fti-e-elay, chalk, copper, lead, 
slate, fruits of all kinds, hemp, flax, a*! manner 
of grains, and— but why eimmerate them / 
Where else will you fiud all (hese things / 
Where, I say t 

Man in the audience (impatiently) — In my 
iKjy's pocket. 

Teacher — Why, Johnny, what were you 
thinking when you did such a naughty thing 
as that i 

Johnny — I was thinking nobody was seeing 

Teacher — What rewards Wt re given to the 
victor in the ancient games, Sammy ( 

Sammy- A little lK>y was setup on bis head. 

Teacher — Ahttleboy ! Where did you get 
that notion '. 

Sammy— Why, you told us, yesterday, that 
a chaplet was put on his head; and if a duch- 
let is a little duck, and a booklet a Httle book, 
aint B chaplet a little chap — say I 


The safest way to approach a mule is to go 
the other way around the earth— LiTc 

Dogs are very affectionate. We have even 
seen dogs that were attached to tin cans. — 
Burlinyton Free f*ress. 

" Why not embrace woman suffrage ? " asks 
an exchange. Amend to strike out the last 
word aud we're with you.— Florida Times- 

If all that is said about Chicago's pedals be 
true she ought to be able to foot the Fair 
bills easily. — Boston Bullefxn. 

Curtain (to carpet)— "Aha, they whipped 
you, did they f " Carpet — " Don't crow. 
They're going to hang you."— BmgAamton 

" I am not fond of the stage. Araminta," 
said ChoUie. " but I hear your father on the 
stairs and I think I'd better go before the 
foot lights." — Racket, 

•' Papa," said the little one, " Will there tw 
newspapers in heaven f " 

"Perhaps, my child, but there will be a 
new set of editors and reporters. — Dixon {III.) 

Whatever troubles Adam had 

No man could make him sore 

By saying when he told a jest, 

" I've heard that joke before." 

—Philadelphia Tiytes. 
Old Grum, since his daughter has grown up, 

Says he doesn't get any repose ; 
All the day time he's footing her bills, 

And at night he is footing her beaux. 

—Detroit Free Press. 

Gabby — " How did you get that dreadful 
cold ( " Snuffleton— " Id the datural way, 
stoopid ( S'pose I advertised for plads ad 
spediflgatiods V'—Siftings. 

Physician (to Mrs. Colonel Blood, of Ken- 
tucky) — How did your husband pass the night, 
Mrs. Blood. 

Mrs. Blood — He seemed quite comfortable, 
sir, and asked for water several times. 

Physician (with a grave look)— H'm — still 
flighty. — Boston Beacon. 

Watermelon seeds were found in an Egyptian 
tomb that was 3000 years old. There was no 
doubt about their being watermelon seeds, be- 
cause the mummy was all doubled up. — Terns 

Mr. Hayseed (buying a cigar) — " 1 hope this 
ain't one o' those weeds tl'at burn out in no 
time at all. I want a good long smoke." 

Tobacconist (impressively) — " Mine friendt, 
dot cigar vUl last till you was sick of it I " 

Lively Man (to a sick passenger leaning 
over taffrail with a dejected face)— Here's a 
a new conundi'uni, Mr. Spiritlack. Why 
should we he thankful for the food we get 
on boai'd ? 

Mr. Spiritlack — You must excuse me, sir, 
if I have to give it up ! 

Hvu' to make a Heklosrapli. 

A correspondent of the Sciottific Ameri- 
can gives the following formula for mak- 
ing a liuktograph: 


Glue 100 

Glycerine 500 

Finely powdered kaolin or baric sulphate. 25 
Water 375 

For ink a concentrated solution of Paris 
violet is recommended. 

To remove old copy from pad a little 
muriatic acid is added to the water. 

Mrs. Margra Allen arrived in Charlotte, 
N. C, lately. Mrs. Alien is an English 
woman, who was bequeathed by her hus- 
band at his death $1,000,000 to be used in 
mission work among the colored people. 
Mrs. Allen has been in this country a year 
or more, devoting her time and fortune to 
the work specified. 


When Business is Over There's no Reason why we Penmen Shouldn't Have a Little Fun as Well as Other Folk, and this is Or 

Way of Having it. (All Photo-Engraved. 1 

Bii J. F. Cozart, Irvintiton 

The Round Table. 

. wi 


THINK that if wc would 
hII be a little more so- 
ciable— tell one another 
the entertaining tilings 
that we know— it v\ould 
be very instructive as 
well as very pleasant. 
I mean particularly the 
odd things that one sees 
and heard and reads 
about. Think under what different con- 
ditions we live — what marked contrasts 
there are in our respective surroundings. 
Some of us in the big cities of the North, 
some in the tropics, some on the Atlantic 
coast and others under the same flag on 
the great Pacific, three thousand miles 
away. Now, right here an interesting 
little geographical fact suggests itself. 
Talk to the average " Easterner " about 
Alaska and the mental impression he re- 
ceives is a great rugged wa.ste, within 
easy calling distance of San Francisco. 
Tell him that the western bit of land be- 
longing to this territory is about as far 
west of San Francisco as San Francisco is 
from New York, and you needn't be sur- 
prised if he seems astonished. But get out 
your map and see. Imagine a citizen of 
the United States standing upon this re- 
motest western point of the country and 
another on the northeastern coast of Maine ; 
the distance that separates theui is a ipiar- 
ter of the distance around the globe. 
Should the western man take a boat and 
sail due north he would strike the shelf of 
northeastern Asia several hundred miles 
from its extreme eastern point. There, 
we have a real idea of the extent of Uncle 
Sam's farm. 

Speaking of our geographical situation 
suggests imother interesting item. The 
Russian goverunient, it is said, will begin 
next spring to build its 4500-niite railroad 
across Siberia. It is a big undertaking, 
and the estimated cost is $220,000,000. 
This is an age when the cost of any pro- 
ject, however enormous it may be, pro- 
vided it gives promise of a reasonable 
profit, is no longer considered an obstacle. 
Who knows but .some of us will yet travel 
to Europe by rail, via Behring Strait and 
Siberia i 

Thi- Conf/o River. 

Thi<i relates to {piite another part of the 
earth — a section about which we have all 
read a great deal lately aud are likely to 
read more soon. For Stanley, the intrepid 
explorer, is now in Cairo, putting the 
finishing touche.s to the book that will 
describe his perilous journeyings in the 
heart of the great Dark Continent. Think 
of a public interest so widespread as to 
demand the simultaneous publication of 
this book in more than twenty languages 
— some, I dare soy, that you never heard 
of. Doesn't it all seem clear that when 
a man dedicates himself to the cause of 
adding to the sum of Jiuinan information, 
he is pretty sure to gut his reward? There 
isn't a potentate on earth who has been 
talked about a tenth as much in the past 
few months as the hero of the Dark Con- 
tinent and his fearless followers. 

But I um getting away from the Congo. 
One of Stanley's former officers thus writes 
in the February Century: 

"On the C\)ngo there are no beasts of 
burden, there existing merely a manual 
transport, the porters beiug the natives of 
the Bakongo tribe, inhabiting the cataract 
regions. In physique the.'ie men are slight 
and only poorly developed; but the fact of 
their carrying on their head from sixty to 
one hundred pounds' weight twenty miles 
a day for sometimes six consecutive days, 
their only food beiug each day a little 
manioc root, an car or two of maize, or a 
handful of peanuts, pronounce^ them at 

Small boys of eight or nine yeaw old are 
frequently met carrying loads of twenty- 
live pounds' weight. 

"Throughout the cataract region the 
generally accepted money currency is Man 
Chester cotton cloth made up into pieces of 
six yards each. The European cost of the 
cloth pwd to these natives for transporting 
a load to Stanley Pool from Matadi, in- 
cluding rations, amounts at the present day 
to five dollars for a load of sixty-five 
pounds. Five years ago the cost was 
only one-third of this amount; but it has 
increased on account of the opposition of 
the various trading houses that have es- 
tablished stations at Stanley Pool for the 
ivory trade on the upper river." 

A>ti* liookM »» the Enyliah Lnnguaf/e 
Have you an idea ot the vast number of 
books printed in the English language in 
the course of a year 'i The publishers are 
bitterly complaining that on account of 
absence of an international copyright the 
business was very poor last year. It did 
indeed show a falling off. There were 
4014 books published in this country and 
4094 in England. This was a falling off 
of 617 in this country and 266 in England. 
Fiction gained 68 in America and 111 in 
England. Educational literature fell off 
94 in America and 73 in England. Books 
for young people fell off in America, but 
gained in England. Ilhistrative works fell 
off 25 per cent, in America and 40 per cent, 
in England. Poetry fell off 40 per cent, in 
America and 20 per cent, in England. 
History and biography fell off 25 per cent, 
in America and 20 per cent, in England. 
Law books gained in America 30 per cent., 
but fell off nearly 50 percent, in England. 
Medical works gained a tritle in both 
England and America. 

Now, suppose you were asked what 
country publishes the greatest number of 
books a year ? I fancy many of The 
Journal readers would say off hand: 
"Why ! America, of course." Try again, 
"England." No, Germany, nearly twice 
as many as any other nation. And who do 
you think is second V Neither America nor 
England; France. Even Russia led us 
a long way last year in the actual number 
of different books published. (I am not 
speaking of course of aggregate editions). 
Who would have thought it of Russia, a 
country wc are accustomed to look down 
on as a veritable region of darkness and 
semi-barbarism ? I confess it surprised me 
greatly to read the figures in a literary pa- 
per of high character But that is not all. 
Isn't it difficult to believe that more 
new books were published in little Italy 
lost year than in America and England y*K( 
togitkei- ! That's what the bookmakers say. 
Now this state of things is not v^ry (rrat- 
ifying to our American pride; but the fig- 
ures do not imply as much as they would 
Stem to. America is far ahead of other 
countries in respect of newspapers and per- 
iodical literature. Nowhere else are there 
periodicals that will compare with the 
great American monthly magazines with 
their annual output of millions of copies— 
Ilnrper^a, Cinitvry, Scrihner^s, Cusmnpoli- 
/.(//— every one of them published within 
ten minutes' distance from The Jouknal 
ofiiee. England is also very strong in this 
respect, though far behind us in pictorial 
monthlies. We're pretty bright folks af- 
ter all. 

How many people know that cloves are 
the dried and cured flowers of a small tree 
resembling the laurel ? The tree was first 
found in the Spice islands, but is now cul- 
tivated in all the tropical parts of the 
world. Much the largest crop comes from 
the island of Pemba, north of Zanzibar, 
in the ludian Ocean. The flowers are 
gathered while still green, and smoked, 
then dried in the sun. Each clove con- 
sists of two parts, a round head and four 
points. If you soak a few cloves in hot 

water for a while, you will sec the leaves 
soften and unroll. The more oil the cloves 
contain, the stronger and better they are 

Thr Figuring Fiend, 

We were speaking not long since of the 
practice of trying to write all the words 
in the language on a postal card — a sheer 
waste of time aud force. The statistical 
" fiend " is another nuisance of the same 
class. I mean, of course, the fellow who 
persists in multiplying and adding and 
subtracting and multiplying again, just 
for the sake of figuring — no point in view 
— nothing to start with and nothing to end 
with. The following paragraph, clipped 
from the Ojfiee Men's Herord, describes a 

''A man who is described as ' an in- 
genious mathematician,' has calculated 
that the 30,000.000 stamps issued by the 
English post-office from 1840 to 18^4, 
would, if placed end to end, reach to the 
moon and back. Now, if some other in- 
genious mathematician wants a job, he 
might figure out that the good, useful 
minutes which are wasted in this sort of 
ingenious mathematics, would, if pasted 
into a strip, reach from now to the suh- 
cellar of nowhere and back to the middle 
of next week." 

This represents my idea to a T. To be 
sure calculations like that described may 
be employed to great advantage in con- 
veying ideas of vast numbers and dis- 
tances — in the comparison of star sizes 
and distances with those of the earth, for 
instance. But it is of the fii-st import- 
ance that the calculator have a story to 
tell, an impression to make that is of 
value. Otherwise he is a mere "figure 
fiend." Avoid him ! When this figuring 
fever once gets a person in its grip, look 
out ! I knew a man once who was as 
good a farmer aud citizen as there was in 
the country until a lazy fellow came along 
one day and propounded this simple 

A buys a calf for $22 and sells it for 
$25. Then he buys it back for |20. How 
much has he made ? 

From that time on poor Jones never 
knew the blessing of an easy conscience. 
He figured up all the paper about the 
place, figured the walls of his house black, 
let the weeds grow and kill his crop while 
he sat down by the hedge-row to figure or 
discuss the problem with any chance 
passer. He went to sleep figuring, and 
after dreamingall night of crooked-backed 
3's and vampire 2's woke up figuring. 
In short, the poor fellow actually figured 
himself out of house and home and to the 
verge of insanity trying to solve the enor- 
mously important equation of "If 22 is to 
25 what is 20 to a bull calf." What is the 
correct answer, you ask 'i The prolilem is 
stated above, but I warn you ! 

If you have ever been the unwilling 
auditor of a midnight symphony with 
Thomas and Maria in the leading roles, it 
may have occurred to you that theinvestiug 
of these animols with divine attributes 
by the ancient Egyptians was a case of 
misplaced coiifidence. The Egyptians, 
for all their priestly bearing, cherished 
cats as sacred animals even within the 
period of written history. The animals 
had the right of way evtry where, and no 
one dared to molest them. A person who 
took his brother's life might hope for a 
remittance of the death penalty or even 
absolute pardon, but Pharoah himself 
could not spare the life of the wretch who 
killed a cat. by accident or otherwise. 
Every school boy knows how the Persian 
invaders overran and conquered Egypt 
by putting cats in front of their array. The 
brave Egyptians who thought nothing of 
rushing to death on the Persian lances 
trembled to let an arrow fly lest it might 
wound a cat. This was rather a poor wav 
for puss to repay the homage and devotion 

of a great nation, but deities do not always 
manifest their divine attributes in the way 
their woishipers would prefer. 

When an Egyptian cat died the body 
was wrapped in fine linen and preserved 
by the same process that was used to 
preserve human bodies. In all the areat 
museums may be seen mummies of cats 
that mewed and spat and warbled nightly 
to sphinxes and pyramids a thousand or 
two years before the hirth of Christ. 

In making some excavations a few 
months ago at Beni Hassan, Egypt, the 
workmen discovered tombs holding no 
less than 180,000 cat mummies. Think of 
that! It must have been the national 
grand eat-cemetery-in-chief. And not a 
cat of them had drawn breath for at 
least 3000 years. We give herewith a 
reprint of a sketch of a few types of 

an English 
artist. Now what do you think was done 
with these rare old -preserved deities ? 
Why, the unromantic owner chartered a 
vessel and shipped the whole job lot of 
them to England to be used for fertilizing 
farms at $16 a ton. To what base uses! 

Rapidity of Thought. 

How long does it take you to think ? 
This is what a scientific authority has to 
say on the subject : 

" Sensations are transmitted to the brain 
at a rapidity of about 180 feet per second, 
or at one-fifth the rate of sound ; and this 
isneariy the same in all individuals. The 
brain requires one-tenth of a second to 
transmit its orders to the nerves which 
preside over voluntary action; but this 
amount varies much in different individ- 
uals, and in the same individual at differ 
ent times, according to the disposition or 
condition at the time, and is more regular 
the more sustained the attention. The 
time required to transmit an order to the 
muscles by the motor nerves is nearly the 
same as that required by the nerves of sen- 
sation to pass a sensation ; moreover, it 
passes nearly one-hundredth of a second 
before the muscles are put in motion. The 
whole operation requires one-fourth to 
two-tenths of a second. Consequently, 
when we speak of an active, ardent mind, 
or one that is slow, cold or pathetic, it is 
not a mere figure of rhetoric, but an abso- 
lute and certain fact that surh a dis- 
tinction, with varying graduations, really 

H4iHa-Writtru Ke.vHpaptrH. 

The Journal last month told about the 
wonderful hand-written newspapers of the 
Persians. It did not know then that this 
continent could boast of a similar article. 
A late issue of the New York World tells 
of something very like a hand-written 
newspaper shown a reporter by Mr. W. B. 
Somerville in his office at the big Western 
Union building, just across the street from 
The Journal oftite. At first it looked 
like a large piece of foolscap closely 
written, hut upon closer examination it 
proved to be a real live newspaper writ- 
ten by hand. This unique newspaper ie 
published at Prince Albert, a small ham- 
let in the center of the Canadian North- 
west Territory, and is called the Prince 
Albert Critic. Its size is four pages, four 
columns to the page. 

The paper has a circulation of several 
hundred copies and is a specimen of what 
can be done by an enterprising journalist 
without a font of type The mode of is- 
suing it is rather peculiar. The matter, 
instead of being set in type is written in 
ink with an electric pen on prepared paper, 

ihe rest of the issue iK-ing imprints of the 
original sheet. The paper is newsy, for 
it« size, contains quite a number of ad- 
vertisements and is the official paper of 
the hamlet. 

DeUyf» Kamf In Stani/ LanauageM. 

The name of God is spelled with four 
letters in almost ever_v language. Id Ara- 
bian it is Alia; East Indian; Zeul or Esgi; 
Egyptian, Zeut orAumn; French, Dieii; 
Hebrew, Adon; Irish, Dich; Japanese, 
Zain; Latin, Deus; Malayan, Ecsl; Per- 
sian, Syra; Peruvian, Llan ; Tartarian, 
Tgan ; Turkish, Add! ; Scandinavian, Odin; 
Spanish, Dios; Swedish Oodd; Sjriac, 

An Ettphanft Itunk 

Naturalists tell us that the trunk of an 
elephant contains more muscles than the 
entire body of any other creature and no 
less than seventy-five times as many as the 
entire body of a man. Cuvier places the 
number at 40,000, while a man has no 
more than 527. The proboscis or trunk of 
the elephant, which contains this vast 
ijuantity of small muscles, variously inter- 
laced, is extremely flexible, endowed with 
the most exquisite sensibility and the ut- 
most diversity of motion. 

On Reatling Xewitpaptra, 

People are usually very quick to criti- 
cise newspapers for priotlDg things that 
do not interest them. "The TimsH is too 

The total money of the world is given at 
*1 1,488.500.000 of which $3,831,500,000 
is silver. $3,711,000,000 is gold, and 
$3,940,000,000 paper. He says if gold is 
the only money metal, silver and paptr 
should be abolished. But it would be 
impossible to yet the $8,000,000,000 in 
gold to lake their places, or if the silver be 
turned into paper there would be $8,000,- 
000,000 of credit money based on less than 
$4,000,000,000. of gold, which would be 
inflation with a vengeance. He says 
Europe needs all the silver it cau get out- 
side of this country and takes $12,000,- 
000 from us besides. The present paper 
money of the United States in excess of 
metallic reserves is $426,000,000. 

Our nellbgratf Friend, the Snail. 

The snail is blessed with very great power 
of vitality. A case is recorded of an Egyp- 
tian desert snail which came to life upon 
beingimmersed in warm water after it had 
passed four years glued to a card in the 
British Museum. Some specimens in the 
collection of a naturalist revived after 
they had apparently been dead for 15 
years, and snails frozen for weeks together 
in solid blocks of ice have recovered on 
being thawed out. The eggs of this 
creature are as hard to destroy as himself. 
They seem perfectly indifferent to freez- 
ing, and have beeu known to prove pro- 
ductive after having been shriveled up in 
an oven to the semblance of grains of sand. 

the mouth consists of a horny surface, 
against which the sharp -toothed t^iugue 
works. A leaf which is to be operated 
upon is caught between the two and sub- 
jected to a regular file-like rasping on the 
part of the tongue . So effective an in- 
strument does this form that the tough 
leaves of the Hly may often be found to be 
entirely rasped off by it. 

Now. I think I have talked enough for 
one person at one time. Let me repeat 
what I said at the start : Every one of you 
is invited to talk in these columns about 
the odd, entertaining things that have 
come within your information. We will get 
up a kind of knowledge exchange. No 
opinions, mind you ; no long descriptions, 
just every day chatter on interesting and 
preferably unusual topics. ■ Suppose we fix 
on a subject for discussion— Things that 
People Eat ? That ought to be an agree- 
able subject. Every one of Thk Journal's 
readers is invited to contribute one or 
more dishes— to tell what he kpows by 
observation, hearing or reading of any un- 
usual article of food by people of any time 
or country, as well as peculiar methods of 
serving food, superstitions connected with 
various article.? ol human diet, &c I 
must hear from you by May 1 and the 
graud spread will be in the June Jouknal. 
Surely you can't decline an invitation to 
dine, with such a splendid menu in con- 
templation ! JONQDIL. 

By C. C. Muring, Seattle, Wash. IPhoto-Enarvrvl.'i 

much given to stupid politics," says a 
lady, "that doesn't interest me at all." 
"If the y/mcs would only drop that wily 
page about women's fashions it would be 
better worth buying." Tlie latter, it is 
unnecessary to add. is a purely masculine 
view. What does it all prove? That the 
Editor of the Timt-H is a smart fellow and 
knows how to make a smart paper. In the 
following from "Emerson's Talk with a 
College Boy," in the February Cmtury, 
the Sage of Concord hits the nail precisely 
on the head ■ 

"Newspapers have done much to ab- 
breviate expression, and so to improve 
style. They are to occupy, during your 
generation a targe share of attention." 
(This was said nearly a quarter of a century 
ago. It was as it he saw ahead the blanket 
editions.) " And the most studious and 
engaged man can neglect them only at his 
cost. But have little to do with them. 
Learn how to get tfuir best, too, without 
theur getting yours. Do not read them 
when the mind is creative. And do not 
read them thoroughly, column by column. 
Kemember they are made for everybody, and 
(/on'f try to gtt irhuf isn't iiuimt f</r ytpu."' 

Talk about Jour Small ' hange! 

Senator Stewart, of Nevada, says 1,200,- 
000.000 people in the worlu use silver for 
money; not over 200,000,100 use gold. 

A recent writer in Longmaii^a Mngaeine 
tells us that the mouth of the snail is 
armed with a very formidable instrument 
in the shape of a remarkable saw-like 
tongue. Probably you have, at some time 
time or another, noticed how cleanly cut are 
the edges of a leaf upon which a snail has 
been regaling himself. It is difficult to 
imagine how such a soft and flabby-look- 
ing animal cau have made such clean in- 
cisions. But with an examination of the 
cutting instrument concealed in his mouth 
wonder on this score vanishes. It re- 
sembles a long, narrow ribbon, coiled in 
such a manner that only a small portion of 
it is called into use at once. Thickly dis- 
tributed over theentire surface of this ribbon 
are an immense number of excessively sharp 
little teeth, designed in a manner which 
admirably adapts them to the purpose lor 
which they are intended. The quantity 
of these teeth is incredible — one specie.'*, 
for instance, has been indisputably proved 
to possess as many as 30,000 of them. The 
reason for their disposition on a coiled, 
ribbon-like surface lies is the fact that by 
ujJe they become worn away. As this 
happens, the ribbon is uncoiled, and the 
teeth which before were wrapped up in it, 
at the back of the snail's mouth, come 
forward to take the place of those which 
have served their turn. The upper port of 



Stand up, ye spellers, now and spell : 
Spell phoTi;ik-i<rtn^rnr)P nnrl knell; 
OrrnU... .MM,, I,. w.,r,l as chilly. 

Ill MichaeUnaii, 

Nor deem bimself undone forever 
To miss the name of either river. 
The Dnieper, Seine or Ouodalquivf 


Old Skitter (sadlv). .. ^. 

me.— A'rniVA, Orau d- Co.'s Monthly. 

Work Runs the World. 

Remember, my son, you have to work, 
whether you handle a pick or a pen, a 
wheelbarrow or a sot of books; whether 
you dig ditches or edit a paper, ring an 
auction bell, or write funnv things, vou 
must work. If you look aro'und, you will 
sec that the men who are most able to live 
the rest of their days without work are 
men who have worked the hardest. 

Don't be afraid of killing yourself with 
over-work. More men die who quit work 
at p. m., and don't go home until 
2 a. m., than from over-work, and don't 
you forget it. Work gives you an appe- 
tite for your meals; it lends soliditv to 
your slumbers, and give you a graceful 
appreciation of a holiday. 

There are young men who do not work, 
but the world is not proud of them. It 
does not know their names, even; it sim- 
ply speaks of them as " old so-and-so's 
boys." The great busy worid doesn't 
know that they are there. 

So find out what you want to be and do 
and take off your coat aud make a dust in 
the world. The busier you are the less 
harm you are apt to get into, the sweeter 
will he your sleep, the brighter and hap- 
pier i-->--i — - 1- ■ ■■ 

will i 

Kice, who. by the way, 
against in the discussion 
took The Ar(fus to tasl 
graph wlik'b icad uIkhiI 

i-iespondent and was presumably 

and should be in the hands of every 
I>enmuu, e^eeially those who ai'e leaitiing eu< 
grossing, &c. — L. H. Jaokaon, Penman Vir- 
Uinia Bus. Colhqe, Stuart, Va. Price, $.5. 
Sent together with the New Speneerian Com- 
pendium (price, tT.SO) for *!>, 

Mrs. Selby - "Doetah, de chile dun gone 

paper, doctoh. Was dat 

"it lif'Jp to oie m my 

ui'*; for it, OS they 

I' after having read 

Joi'RNAi. was the 

end of two years ] fniiml my s 

BraKgs: I am going down to kill an editor. 
'" signed " Honestos." 

The Esterbruok Steel Pen Company have 
demont^trnted tbat jwus of the higueHt grade 
may be made in tbisi eumitry and compete with 
the best importt-d article. Everybody knowti 
the Estoibrfxjk pens, which are sold by every 
stationer iu the land, JUUe aud big. Tnere aro 
a great number of stylux to vbouse from. 

There's a girl out in Ann Art 

To meet whom [ never would 

Sbe'd eat of ice crean 

Till with colic she'd s 

And yet order another big dicb. 

—Sdioot BitUfth 

Vu I, 

PENMAN'S Art Journal 

Advrriimng raUtt, 30 centfi prr ntmparrii 
lint. •2.60 7»ffr inch, rar-h inaertum. DiacminU 
for term and maee. Sptcial e^imaUt ft 

..„ - — ajmlicaUon. No advrrtisement* 

lakm frn- Iriut than $2. 

SubiwHptlon : On*- wear «1 ; one numbrr 10 
cmtn. No frf* Mampifji exctpt In bona fide 
ayrntn who art mthmrriberit, to aid Ihfni in 
taking tubHcriptUmg. 

Forriffn mtbgrriptions ito countries in Po»- 
tal Ionian) t\.2ii per year. 

Prt^iHtum JAmt on Page 60. 

Vork, April, 18 


Ix-ttore by Telegraph *B 

I'nHllU(]<!<ICB(lJtU)S tU 

MlBtoko^nttht Post Office 50 

The ■' Pretty Tyiwwnter" MuaiUo 50 

S. S. Packard. 

The AuotloiieiT-VorsesbyS.W. Fobs W 

Lemoaa In Prnctlcal Writing (concluded).. 50, SI 

D- W.Hoff 
Rotum of tb« Hoe— A Comedy of Errors — S2 

RnticATioNAt. NoTKS: JcsT ron FtJS 52 

Thk ItuUND Taiile (>4-5 

•Some Points on Geoirrapby; By Itail to 
Kurojte; Tlu? Cougo River ; New Books 
In I be EnslfBh lAnRuage; Cloves; Tbe 
FiKuring Fiend: When Pwm wus in her 
Clory; Ilai.iillty of Thoutrht ; Tiand- 

Mauy hangriauvs; An Elephant's Trunk: 
On HeaillnR Newspapers; Talk About 
your Small Chantre; Our Deliberate 
Friend, tbe Snuil; Vou are Invlt«d to 
The Shortest Sentence— Who Discovered it? 55 

Work Ituns tbo World M 

SpelllnK HJi iz Spellinn— Verses 55 

EuiTOBiAL Comment 5tt-7 

Dnsincss Writing— Some Specimens, Views 

and Promiscii: Diilfi-ence Between Draw- 

iufiaud Art; Disadvantages of ''Sections" 

at the B. E. A. Meetings; Notts. 

B. E. A. Preliminary Anooimcenient 67 

Every Stroke Counts ".'.'...'..'..'..'.'. 67 

Our Flourighing Book 57 

Tub Euitor'8 Surapiiook 68 

School AND Pebsonal c8-9 

The Editor's Calendar : Current Litera- 
ture: Educational and Technical 60 

Palatial Home of the Metropolitan Business 
College _69 

Off-Hond Capitals— D. E. Blake 49 

Deslirn for Book IllustratiDR i9 

Chtirtsand Diagrams with Piofessor Hob's 

U'sson (five) 50-1 

Note ami Ciipitals-D. W.Hoff 61 

ThrPkv^mv'« r nsT'in- Hour 63 

Binl Kl..iui-t,.- i.v h E. Blake. A. W. 

Diiixiii H \ II. .I-.. H.I, ,1 F. Cozart and 

EByi.tianl ;,'i"m'u'i,ii,u. - 64 

Sceiii.'H ■■!! iiii' I', [.III, in-iiwii Inr The 

Li<li by Chapman.. 63 
L and Other Start 




Teacher? 1 


? To Teach? To | 

sell y 



? To Buy 


? The 


rnal ca 

help you 

as It 

has h 

elped hund 

reds. This 

is th 

G sea 


to mak 

9 your ar- 



s to 

-■ next s 



t wait 



t teachers 




n. Every 


nt (school 


> c 


alike, only 

a moderat 


ce for 

he adver- 

?. Nc 






tG at on 

ce to The 

nal fo 



i t 

the ,,h 


ftithin the 

I'l'-t few weeks the 


Writing" scheme 
-■i-cnis to be assured. 
The first fruits are 
olTered on this page. 
Tliat is just what 
we want, gentlemen ; 
.hat yovi think or admire 
i-ourage in your pujiils, but 
you 'fo—A solitary fact is 
worth a houseful of tlieoriea. 
Now let us hear from you all along 
the line. For the full details of 
III we have to refer to the March 
VI., Ijut here is the 'aearl of ilii- 

t. Do our business schools teach 
business writing i 
2. How? 

The questions car only be answered 
satisfactorily by presenting specimens of 
the kind of writing used in the schools as 
copies, and contrasting with these speci- 
mens of the writing graduates actnally use 
in business after they have been from 
school at least a year. Every business 
college and writing school in this country 
is interested in this scheme. Don't send 
excuses ; send specimens. 

Specimens 1, 9 and 9 are from Clark's 
Business College, Erie. Pa. They are sent 
by 8. A. Drake, who has charge of this 
department. Professor Drake writes: 

" We take pleasure in complying with 
your request and herewith mail you 
specimens which we hope will answer 
your purpose. No. 1 is our usual style of 
copy. We aim to make the copy as nearly 
standard »tijh- as possible, writing at the 
student's desk with muscular movement. 
No. '2 is the writing of Mr. G. W. Post, 
now in the office of the Nagle Engine 
Company, of this city. Mr. Post has held 
this position for more than a year. No. 3 
is the writing of Mr. Fred Harteat, book- 
keeper for H. V. Claus & Co., of this 
city, where ho has been employed about 
two years." [This is a model letter of ex- 
planation, saying nothing unimportant 
and leaving nothing important unsaid. — 
D. T. A.] 

Specimens 4 and 5 are sent by A. R. 
Birchard, of the Snell Bus. College, Nor- 
wich, Conn. No. 4 is by Professor Hall ; 
No. 5 by George W. Watson, for three years 
bookkeeper for W. H. Cardwell, grocer, 

Specimens 6 and 7 are from J. C. Kane, 
of Eaton & Burnett's Bus. College, Balti- 
more. Professor Kane's copy-writintf is 
shown in No. 6. The other is by Charles H. 
Ashburner, three years from the school 
and in business as the receiving teller of 
the Baltimore Ravings Bank — the oldest 
savings bank, by the way, in this country. 
The specimen is particularly interesting as 
coming from a department of an institu- 
tion where form and appearance are con- 
sidered of more importance than speed. As 
Profefsor Kane writes, the specimen does 
not show Mr. Ashburner's every-day rapid 
writing, but "being in a bank and natur- 
ally very careful in his writing, he has pro- 
duced a fair standard of his work as it ap- 
pears in the books of the bank. He also 
writes a fair rapid hand." 

We append some extracts from letters 
bearing on this scheme: 

D. L. Musselman, Green City Bus. Col- 
lege, Quincy, 111., writes; 

"I will attend to the matter at once 
and send specimens a.s reciuested. You 
are right about the matter, and may do 
much good toward correcting an error 
that exists in the minds of some commer- 
cial colleges and with a great many busi- 
ness and professional men. It is not ex- 
pected that the student will carry into 
business the precLse and systematic writ- 
ing that he has been taught in school, and 
yet he will retam as a rule a sufficient 
amount of it to enable him to write a neat, 
legible, business hand. 

"Our theory is to teach correct writing 
to our students, and by this method secure 
form and movement; then when the 
student gets out into business, where the 
mind is taken up with the subject matter 
and the mechanical form of his penman- 
ship, he will nevertheless retain consider- 
able of the correctness of the writing he 
learned in school, and thus do much 
better business writing than he would 
have done had he never taken lessons 
from a professional teacher. Though of 
course ht= will lose a great deal of the ac- 
curacy taught in school, yet be neverthe- 
leas carries with him the imprint of lessons 
early learned.'* 

C. T. Miller, New .Jersey Bus. College. 
Newark, writes: 

" The subject treated in your ' Business 
Writing ' scheme is one vital to the wel- 
fftre of business-college interests, and de- 
mands consideration of all associated with 
their workings. I shall be glad to aid in 
disproving the stale argument that we do 
not produce business writers, by ilUuitrn 
tion and otherwise. 

"I am receiving letters from former 
students continually, and that alone will 
show the falsity of the position. On Fri- 
day last I had occasion to visit two former 
students (one of them a lady) who are ac- 
tively engaged in bookkeeping. I inci- 
dentally overlooked their books with 
special reference to the writing, and on my 
return to the college spoke to the students 
of my practical department on the 
subject of business writing, and illus- 
trated my remarks by what I saw. The 
books were models of neatness and the 
writing plain, easily read and beautiful in 
form. The lady had bad no experience in 
liractical work; no knowledgeof the needs 
of an extensive concern; no practical op- 
portunity to acquire a so-called business 
hand when she took charge of the books 
of the firm by which she is employed. I 
inclose envelope of letter received from 
her recently, on which is evident the 
thorough training received while here 
and the practical character of her writ- 
ing." [An excellent hand, Bro. Miller; 
get a specimen from her. Ed.] 

This le fhom the New York Trilmiioi 
recent date: 

Russell Sturgis, at the monthly meeting of 
the N?w York School of Pedagogy, held at the 
College of the City of New York yesterday 
afternoon, delivered an address on "Tbe Pos- 
sibility of Imparting Ideas ot Art to Chil- 
dren in the Pubhc Schools." He said em- 
phatically that, while he did not wish to dis- 
courage his hearers in tbe teaching of drawing 
in the schools, he did wish to free their minds 
of the popular idea that the teaching of drawing 
had any necessary connection with the teaching 
of art in the schools. He pointed out clearly tbe 
difference between drawing and art. Ait 
could only be defined, perhaps, as the con- 
veying of artistic impressions, Drawing and 
painting were one of the languages of that art. 

While technically speaking there is truth 
in what Mr. Stnrgis says of drawing, yet 
it is liable to a construction that is mis- 
leading. While it is very true that draw- 
ing ;5fraf may not be art, it is, however, 
so thoroughly the medium through which 
all art is expressed as to be indispensable 
to it. The study of language is not ora- 
tory, .nor is mathematics engineering, yet 
an orator without language or an encrineer 
without a knowledge of mathematics 
would indeed be an anomaly — yet no more 
so than an artist without a knowledge of 

Chafrmak Williamh, of the B. E. A. 
Executive Committee gives through this 
issue of The JonnNAL a preliminary an- 
nouncement of next summer's meeting of 
the association in Lake Chautauqua. The 
full programme will appear next month. 
The committee have already roughly 
sketched a programme, but it is so liable 
to change that its present announcement 
might be misleading. While we are on the 
subject, would it not be advisable for the 
committee to take into consideration the 
methods of holding these conventions ? It 
seems to us there is plenty of room for im- 
provement. For example, has the division 
of the teachers into "sections " been of the 
slightest benefit to any one ? Has not its 
general effect been rather to weaken the 
interest ? A small body like the B. E. A. 
(75 is a good attendance) can scarcely af- 
ford to divide itself into half a dozen 
parts. Besides, it is going a good way to 
assume that tbe members are only inter- 
ested in the workings of any one particu- 
lar school or section, while the simultane- 
ous session of the various sections makes 
it impossible for them to be present at all. 
Here we have tbe main body— say the 

school of accounting, etc, in session nt 
one place; in another, the penmen are at 
work; the shorthand people have aUo their 
special room and meeting, and the Eng- 
lish and civics contingent theirs — provided 
they can get enough members together. 
which we believe boa not so far been ac- 
complished. The outcome of it all is that 
it is not possible for any attendant to get 
the fullest benefit of the meeting. If the 
newspapers of the place are sufficiently en- 
terprising he may indeed rend the proceed 
ings next day; but too often the news- 
papers print what was to have taken place 
(according to the programme) instead of 
what actually did take place. He cannot 
wait for the •' official " record, because bv 
that time there will be another convention 
to occupy his attention. 

It really seems that in the period of u 
week, the time usually allotted to these 
meetings, the B. E. A. ought to be able 
to cover their gronnd pretty thoroughly 
without dissipating their strength in thr 
manner indicated. The National Educa 
tional Association, which numbers thou- 
sands of members, manages to get through 
its work in three or four days, without 
distributing it among the members on the 
installment plan. H, for instance, the 
B. E. A. divide their time instead of their 
ranks, and allot certain days to certain 
studies, the object might be accomplished. 
Tuesday is shorthand day. If you are not 
interested in shorthand, you can go fish- 
ing. On Wednesday and Thursday you 
will have ample opportunity to hear and 
talk about your pet branch, bookkeeping, 
and give the shortbanders a chance to fish. 

The best clitj received last month was 
from Packard's boys, sent by Prof. .]. 
Howard Keeler, of the Packard faculty. 
It numbers 183. We have to defer an- 
nouncement of another club of these grati- 
fying proportions at the wish of the sender, 
who says he isn't through with it yet. 
Some of the other clubs are : S. B. Love- 
ridge, of the Yale Bus. Coll., New Haven. 
Conn,, 45; A, P. Armstrone, Portland, 
Ore, B. C, 21; C, N. Crandle. Dixon, 
III., Normal Inst., 19; I. W. Patton, Nor- 
folk, Va., B. C, 18; Stockton, Cat.. 
B. C, 17. Clubs of from a dozen to 16 
are from W. F. Giesseman, C. C, C. C, 
Des Moines; J. B. McKay, Dominion, 
B. C. Kingston, Out, ; H. E. Perrin, Man- 
kato. Minn.; D. W. HoIT, Des Moines; 
W, H, Patrick, Sadler's B. C, Baltimore. 
Many smaller clubs have been received. 
We sincerely thank these workers one and 
all. They are the kind of people who 
make The Journai, what it is — good or 
bad, us you take it. On the whole we 
have been quite liberally treated. Soiuf 
who have made great promises have done 
nothing at all; others who had promised 
nothing have surprised us by the interest 
and activity shown. Special clubbing 
rates will be sent upon application to any 
teacher interested. 

The CfRHENT installment of Professor 
Hoff's lessons ends the most thorough, the 
best illustrated and altogether most valu- 
able series of papers on conducting writing 
classes in the public schools that has ever 
come to the editor's attention. We are 
now outlining a new short course meant 
more particularly for the home student and 
the business college student. The aim 
will be to produce the best thing of the 
kind both in text and illustration that 
has ever been printed. Whether that aim 
will be realized remains to be seen. In 
the May Journai, specific announcement 
will appear. 

Kinsley & Stephens say that they are 
hearing from their new advertisement in 
The Journal from all over — received 
letters from Maine and Californi'i by the 
same mail. That's what Jouusal adver- 
tisements are for. We don't try to attract 
by cheap ratej; we don't want cheap ad- 
A.bout seventy-five thousand 

people read The JorRXAi. every month, 
!iu<l such an audience is worth paying for 
lit a lilK-ral rate — if it i» worth anything at 

J. Ci.AY Johnson, alias "Jim, the Peu- 
nifin," the industrious young man whose 
feat in forging himself out of jail at Hunt- 
ington, Teno., was described in Tnic 
JoDRNAi. recently, is again in the toils of 
the law. Forgery is such a common thing 
nowadays that people not directly inter- 
t'sted pay no attention to ordinary cases; 
hut we believe Mr, Johusou earned, his 
claim to originahty when ho succeeded in 


!very subscriber 

the hddress on 
report to us the slightest 
cannot be responsible for papers gone 
astray when we havfi been given an im- 
proper address of have not been notified of 
change of address; nor will we consider 
complaints relating to alleged irregulari- 
ties that have not been reported within » 
reasonable time. 

Every St'-oke Should Count. 

A good article lasts. The following, 
which appeared ten yeai-s ago, was clipped 

ciiuvey uo meaning. Let every one who 
is forming a handwriting keep in mind 
that it is no more difficult to write legibly 
than illegibly. Look to it that you in^uft 
into your writing no unmeaning lines. 
Handwriting, like printing, should be cs- 
scntiiillv the same wherever the language 
is spoken. 

B. E. A. Convention. 

h'Jitor .hnnuH : Permit the Kxecutivc 

Committee of the B. E. A. of A. to say to 

the commercial teachers of the country 

through your columns, tbat the programme 

Plain, Practical Writing for Every-day Use. 



The Kind Our Schools Teach for Buatnena and the Kind Their Qraduates Use in Bxuineas.—See page h6.—lPhoto-Engraved.i 

forging himself out of a prison that he Imd 
forged himself into. 

Fi^rfuU list of pnludhlt premiums off ercd 
hi/ The JouRNAL/or nne mihscriptions sent/ 
trii crnts. These premium^ include nfiof 
i/un», rijfes, iratches, dr., nml liaiulrrtls af 
nUtmlard Intok^^ Partittl premium list on 
pinjem fifthis issue. 

In case you contemplate changing your 
address, notify us in advance. Our wrap- 
]iers are written about a month in advance, 
acd it is im[iossibLe to siuglt out an indi- 
vidual wrapper after it has been written. 
If you miss a single paper notify us at 

last week from a paper printed 3000 miles 
away, and is as good now as it was then: 

In our business relations we are con- 
stantly reminded of the absolute need of 
some fixed and universally acknowledged 
style of writing. The gratuitous praise- 
that has been awarded to those who write 
a " characteristic hand " has had the efTect 
to produce an cndle-ts variety of styles, so 
that to be an adept in deciphering every 
style extant is to be the professor of an 
accomplishment of no mean value. Pen- 
manship is a brunch of education in which 
individual taste is allowed too much scope. 
What is retjuired in business is a plain, 
uniform style, with no sui)erfluous line*. 
All unnecessary lines tend to make writing 
less legible, since they catch the eye, yet 

of the next convention of that association 
will appear in the May issue of the Art 
Journal. As already quite generally un- 
derstood, the meeting will be held at 
Chautauqua, beginning Wednesday, July 
33, and the committee believes that all arc 
justified in indulging unusual anticipations 
regarding that as a place of meeting, as 
also regarding the interest which will 
attach to the exercises of the convention. 

The officers of the Chautauqua Associa- 
tion have extended our Association a most 
cordial invitation to meet on its grounds, 
and in addition to having placed ample 
buildings at our command, have volun- 
teered certain concessions which will prove 
of advantfige to our membew. 

The high character of the entertain- 

ments which are provided at Chautauqua, 
the eminent people who will be congre- 
gated there, and the beautiful and restful 
nature of the grounds and surroundings, 
will, it is hoped, .-idil sufficient attraction 
to the always int. i, -ilti- i \< i . i-..>^ of the 
B. E. A. ot'A. in.. I , . I.. I, _■ iMucther 

a larger numbi r ■ ■ j ; ,\ jiachers 

than have ever bifut. i -. mnl. .1 

The committee ii- Impcliil that a most 
delightful and profitable week will be the 
result of the selection of Chautauqua as a 
place of meeting. 

Very respectfully vours. 

r- L.' Wii.i.iAMs. 
Clijiirman Ex. Com. B. E. A. 

Slates vs. Tablets. 

We are of the opinion that the exclusive 
use of tablets and lead jieucila in the every 
day recitation in the schoolroom is pro- 
ductive of a very heedless, careless style 
of writing, as well as inducing slovenly 

If a child using lead pencil and tablet 
makes an error, which is sure to be done, 
it is a great deal of troiibh to get rid of 
it. He must either draw his pencil 
through the part which is erroneous, or 
resort to an eraser. The latter requires 
time, and oftentimes necetaitatea borrow- 
ing, for they seem to be very elusive arti- 

With the slate the matter is much sim- 
pler ; a stroke of sponge or shite cloth and 
the child is ready to proceed as though 
nothing had happened. 

As to the matter of noise, we prefer the 
occasional jar of a slate frame to the rasp- 
ing sound caused by tearing off leaves 
from tablets. Auother point is the diffi- 
culty of getting rid of the waste paper, 
for tablets are a prolific source of untidi- 
ness in this respect. The crumpling of 
paper is a great source of annoyance. 

Against the legitimate use of the tablet 
we have nothing to say. Work intended 
for preservation should be done on a good 
quiUity of tablet pa(ter; »he older pupils 
using suitable pens, and the younger, lead 
pencils well pointed and of a good degree 
of hardness. 

Why should the results of the writing 
lesson be neutralized by so much indis- 
criminate scribbling i 

Our Book or rioiirlNliCN. 

Did you read in the March Joi'Rnal the au- 
nouuoemeut of our forthcoming book of flom-- 
ishesf If not, and you are interested fu such 
iiiattei's, perhaps yuu had better huut up the 
puper and acquaint yourself with the full par- 
ticulars. We cannot repeat- here all that we 
said, as it would be waste of space. 

The Ijook, you know, will contain about 
one hundred and twenty't]ves|H'ciuiens, thirty- 
five of them whole page and about seventy 
half-page; tho rest smaller. Lost month we 
gave a list of fifty-four penmen who will be 
representee!. Since then we have added six or 
seven and the work in now huing made ready 
for press. The authors embrace fully nine- 
teuths of the best known faiiey [lenmen for 
tweuty-flve years back, and the hook will be 
absolutely a new thing — so dillVrcmt, so far 
ahead of anything of the kind that has been 
attempted as to admit of no comparison. 
Mind yuu, it is not a text-bouk. It has no 
business value, hut is of very eonsiderable im- 
poi*tance as a collection of t\w fancy pen work 
of the admitted masters in thin line, to say 
nothing of the fun you will get out of it. 

We requestetl last uioutb that all who 
wished a work of this kind shuuld send their 
names to us in order that we might grade the 
size of the edition. A large uumber of re- 
sponses have been received. If you have not 
oi-dered the book, but intend to, pIcaHc lot us 
kuow in advance. You iie&l not send the 
money now unless you wish. W^ simply like 
to kuow OS closely as possible tiow many books 
to piint, and of which binding to print most 

The siite of tlie page will l>e H x 11^ inches. 
The very finest quality of plate paper will bo 
used. There will be thi'ee style'* of biudiug, 
stiff paper, price #1 ; boaixl, #1.25; flue cloth 
and gilt, 91.50. Prices include ix>stage. 

We expect to havu the l>oi>k r>n the press by 
the l.'ith of this month, and it should be ready 
for delivery almut two weeks later. Mean- 
time, don't neglect to place your order if you 
are interested, and be sure to specify style of 
binding desu'ud. 

" While I have come to lo'jk for improve- 
ment in evei-y auccewJing iaiue of This Jour- 
nal, I am positive that the March issue 
reached so neoi" tho top as to cause a general 
n-joichig ail along the lUie."— Chandler H. 
Peirce, Keokuk, fowa. 


copy. Tbeu fol- 
low three other copies of the same piece of such 
even merit, that it is difficult to discriinJDBtc 
between them. The authors are: N. W. Cark 
hutf, Dmaha. Neb.; Samuel I). Holt, Feeding 
Hills. Mjirs.. ami J. Miller, 'i'^T South Robert 
sitreet, St. Paul. Minn. All the latter copies 
are of the same size as the original. 

— We have besides excellent copies of Kibbe's 
and Znner'B ornamental designR, printed in the 
December Journal. The copies of both ai-e by 
W. E. Wilson nf the Evatisville. Ind., Busi- 
ness College. They are somewhat enlarged, 
and the Kibbe piece, in particular, is to be 
commended . 

— F. S, Heath, Concord, N. H., contributes an 
ornamental specimen that is a free hand copy 
of something printed in Tbe Journal last 

— Be.sides tbe ahove,we have received during 
the past month an unusual number of oma- 
mentnl <lesigns of a character that wariant 
our noticing them. Two of the best are from 
A. Philbrick, Cedar Rapids, Iowa. One re- 


ground. The other a sprig of apple blossoms 
with a miniature portrait. 

—With a variety of other specimens. A. E 
Dewlnirst sendsa skftch of a pair of crested 
parrots that would make a pretty book Illus- 
tration. It is the best 6.pecimen of the kind 
received, and we present it herewith. 

— The initial letters proper will have atten- 
tion next month as announced. Several have 
been received so far and it gives us an oppor- 
tunity of saying something that we might have 
said iwrhnixs to more advantage last month. In 
producing letters of this kind there ai'e certain 
reiiuirements which must be met. Generally 
sjieaking. the idea is to construct a letter that 
will allow tbe type to join on from the top. 
Any considerable intervening matter between 
the letter proper and the type matter naturally 
preeeulsan unbi-okcu and an awkward effect, 
so that the scheme of decoration should be for 
the main part under or at the side of the let- 
ter, i«erh«ps a little over the top Auother 
important consideration is the width of tbe 
column. The copy should be produced in snob 
a size that when engraved it would not be more 
than I or IH inches at its greatest width. To 
Ik- sur<>, we have not alwaj's followed that in 
mnking our letters but it is a safe rule to go 
by. Above all, the form of the letter should be 
clear and striking. The artistic value of work 
of this kind is frequently enhanced by so con- 
structing the letter that it may be in-egulorly 
njortised. Type matter so broken attracts the 
eyequickcrthau a square letter. See, for lu- 
stjince, Mr. Zauer's initial on page 35 of the 
March Journal, and that on page 56 of this 
number. Wo can hardly do better than to 
refer to the series of initials Mr. Zaner is spe- 
cially de&igning for The Jui'Rkal. as models 
for tbe student. You may identify them by 

tbe imprint " Z — as nmi-h of a» irn|iriiit a* 
should be on an initial. 

—We shall not suggest any partictUar design 
to be copied this mouth. There are several in 
this issue that will serve tbepurpose. Original 
work will continue to be m order, and in submit^ 
ting specimens stat« whether they are original 
in whole or in part. Initial letters, start-pieces 
(like the swallows above), head and tail-pieces 
are attractive subjects. Use only black ink. 
India ink being far preferable. 

—The most original and altogether the most 
s-triking flourished design thatTHE Journal has 
received for a long time is from the facile pen 
of P. B. S. Peters, the accomplished penman of 
Hitner's Com. College, St. Joseph, Mo. It is a 
turkey flourished in white ink on black card- 
board, size 14 X 16. A handsomely executed 
set of capitals, also white on black, accom- 
panies it. 

— G. M. Evans, of the Forest City Bus, 
College, London, Ont., is a young penman of 
vei'satile genius. lie sends us a pen portrait, 
fine script, a flourish and fancy text lettering! 
each of which is excellent of its kind. 

—The State of Iowa boasts of as many fine 
penmen probably as any State in the Union. 
"When it comes to delicate hair-line script few 
can beat C. E. Webber of the Davenport. 
Iowa, Bus. College. Some gilt-edge si)ecimens 
have been received from him. P. A. Westrope, 
Elliott, Iowa, deserves a seat in the same pew 
in whatever branch of script you take him. 
In a beautifully-written letter W. I. Staler of 
Cornell College, Mt. Vei-non, Iowa, sends a 
flourish that shows a well-trained eyeaud hand. 


i.f H. E. 

— L. A. Carter, O'guinu, Texas, who rejoices 
m the appellation of " the cowboy penman," 
sends a letter and ph-^tograph of a large orna- 
mental piece, which show thatheknowshowto 
sling a pen as well as a lariat. He says that 
there is a movement on foot among the pen- 
men of tbe Lone Star State for the establish- 
ment of a Southern Penmen's Atisociatiou, and 
seeks THE Journal's advice. Unr advice is 
to form it by all means — if penmen interested 
w ant it. 

—Miscellaneous specimens of merit, includ- 
ing capitals, cards, model letters and onia- 
mental specimens, have been received from 
the following: O. P. Koei'ting, associate 
principal San Diego. Cal,, Com. College; F. 
M. Sisson, Newport, R. I.; R. L. Dickensheets. 
Boulder, Col.; E. J. Mallany, Pawtucket, 
R. I. ; Belle V. Frazier, principal University 
Place Public Schools, Des Moines; N. N. 
Bishop. Cannon's Com. College, Lawrence, 
Mas.; R. L. Nutt, High Point. N. C. ; R. W. 
Burgess, Burgess' Bus. College, San Francisco; 
G. M. Clark, Dunn's, W. Va, ; H. E. Perrin, 
Mankato, Minn. 

Note.— This department is intended for 
regular subscribers only, not for purchaser* of 
occasional copies. It is designed to encourage 
pen-workere in every department of the art. 
The editor cannot undertake to acknowledge 
all the specimens received, not even all the 
meritorious ones, but does so as nearly as cir- 
cumstances will allow. Always write your 
name and full address on the buck of speci- 

— I'rin. Trimmer, of the Chanil)en>biirgb, I'n. . 
Bus. College, is brnuching out. He is now jter - 
sonally superintending a branch of his institu 
tionat Roaccke, Va. 

— C. S. Perry, principal and proprietor "f 
the Winfield, Kan.. Business College, is an ex- 
cellent all-round penman and a got>d draftsman 
as well. The circulars of bis school are in the 

—The busy brain of Prof. J. M. Baldwin. 
Manistee, Mich., has evolved another helpful 
appai-atus for the struggling writer. He cidls 
it a "forearm propeller." We do not knuw 
what the apparatus is like, but judging frnm 
some specimens executed by its aid it must 
have a very decided value. These specimens 
consist of isolated and combination capitals 
from two to three inches In height, which the 
author assures us were executed by pure foiv- 
arm movement, with the aid of this device. 

— Risiuger, of Utica, is getting up a dan- 
gerous reputation not only as a penman, but 
as a hmuorist. He had the hardihood recently 
to make bis will in poeti-y and read it at one 
of tbe school entertainments, to the gieat de- 
light of the hearers. 

—Our penmanistic Cupid has been gunning 
in Chicago. A neatly engraved card an 
nounces the nuptials of Orville Hui-sen, the 
card-writer, and Miss Mildred Kninim. The 
ceremony occurred on March 20. 

— Penman Betel's, of Rituer's Com. College, 
St. Joseph, Mo,, is one of those who with a 
foundation of ability and pluck aided by 
judicious advertising has built up a lucrative 

By L. M. Kelchntr, Cleveland, 0. (Photo-Engraved.) 

— We have received loads of visiting cards. 
The best of this work is from W. G. Rascb, 
Bm-lington, Wis., N. W. Cai-khufT and S. D. 
Holt, mentioned above, J. H. Bachtenldrchei-, 
Princeton, Ind. (who also sends ornamental 
designs and admirable capital combinations); 
E. E. Gardner, Ottumwa, Iowa., B. C , and S. 
K. Burden, BellevUle, Out, B. C. Other card 
work deserving mention is from W. L. Porter. 
Fort Howard, Wis, ; D. D. Darbey, Northboro, 
Iowa, andH. M. Murray, Seligman, Mo. 

— A wonderfully flexible set of muscles only 
could have produced the pretty bird flourish 
sent us by C. H. Clark, who has joined forces 
with Temple & Hamilton's Bus. College, 
San Antonio. Texas. There are few any- 
where who have got the poetiy of motion 
down finer than he. Other good work in this 
line is contributed by W. J. Elliott, Centra! 
Bus. CoUege, Stratford, Ont.; W. F. Mar- 
tin, Lawrence. Ean., and A. E. Parenns, 
Wilton Junction, Iowa. Parsons also sends 
some excellent script specimens, including a 
page of the highly ingenious capital combina- 
tions that have given hiiii a wide reputation as 
a signature model-maker. Did you ever have 
him ring in tbe changes on your name t | 

— A handsome wedding invitation in steel- ' 
plate style comes from F. E. Cook, Stockton 
(Col.) Bus. College G. Millman, Raleigh 
(N. C.) Bus. College, sends some script ex- 
ercises in dashing style, with others of excel- 1 
lent quality by one of his pupils, F. O. 
Williams. Model exercises for class drill bear | 
the imprint of James O. \Vise,_ Akron, Ohio. i 
— A clever pen portrait comes from A. An- 

mens intended for notice, as they are liable to 
get separated from the letter, leaving no clue 
to the authoi*. Not infrequently specimens 
come here containing no address whatever. 
This has happened several times within the 
past few weeks, chiefly with flourishes. Such 
specimens usually go into the waste basket in- 
stanter. We have little patience with such 
careless people.— Editor. 


—The fifUtnth annual giaduatiu; 
of the New Jersey Business College. Newark, 
occurred on the evening of March 21st. The 
class was unubually large and a great number 
of people were present at the exercises. " Class 
of IRKl is ready for ousiness," is the sententious 
and suggestive announcement on Principal 
Mdler's card of invitation. 

— R. S. Bonsall is now connected with the 
stell-plate engi'aving department of G. B. 
Barnard & Co., St. I^ouis. 

—Jones' automatic penmanship is getting an 
international reputation. We find a favomble 
comment on it in a Canada paper, tbe Strat- 
ford Times. 

— " College Convei-^azione " is the beading of 
a long article in the Evening Times, of Hamil- 
ton, Ont., of March t>lh, descriptive of an 
entertainment held by the Canada Bus. College. 
More than five hnudi'ed people were present 
and an interesting programme was enacted 
under the superintendence of Prui. R. K. Gal- 

mail trade. He makes 1 
another column 
directing attenti 
liberal support. 

— A. N. Curtis bas left the professional pot-^l 
manship ranks temporai-ily to look after the^l 
accounts .of a large concern at Gladenater, ' 
Texas. He writes us that he expects s 
return to the fold, 

—I. W. Pntton, of the Norfolk Bus. CoHego,i^ 
is very much 
Norfolk is a live, enterprising city, the cente^ 
of an immense shipping trade and i 
support a good school. Mr. Patton has pro- 
videil himself with a handsome diploma and 
has had some elegant advertising cuts made. 
On the general pubUc, from whom it is expected 
to draw patronage, nothing tells so well as 
tasteful and elegont stationery, circulars, 
diplomas, &c., and Ibis fact Pntton seems to 
bewellaxvare of. 

— P. S. Heath has removed to Concord, 
N. H. He reiinests us to say that any one 
wishing to purchase his " Penmen's Direct<n'y," 
will find him at home personally, or by lett«:'r 
at 10 Maple street. 

—J. W. Dixon is an enthusiastic young 
penman whose headquai'ters are at Turner's 
Station, Ky. 

— S. D. Williamson, late of ZunesviUe, Ohio, 
bas assumed control of the Scioto Com. Col- 
lege, Chillicolhe. Ohio, and rei>orts excellent 

—J. A. Vye, of the Curtis Bus, College, St. 
Paul, Minn., is a good example of what pluck 
and principle will do for a young man whu is 

I -mall (^-oimtry town with tew LHlucational 
MlviiDta£e» he enters! the Curtiss College as 
, I .ii|iU jD 'ST, aod m the short period of four 
I >iiths worked himself into a place in the 
.1' iilty. At present he is, at the age of 22, in 
> I it ire charge of that portioD of the college work 
'livtjtedto the theory of book-keeping. While 
FK'I making a specialty of penmanship ho 
" ril*s a strong, plain hand. 

—J. H. Cottle, Fort Russell, Wyo., who has 
-]uctl his eustor in the ring and will tight for 
hi-f share of mail trude, is the master of a 
-inooth, shapely band that should win him 

—Captain Tyler, the Mexican veteran about 
» lK>m The Jodhnal told last month, recently 
liad an order from the teachers of Fort Wayne, 
Ind., for a hundred dozen caj'ds, to l>e executed 
in three weeks. 

— E. E. Stevens, principal of the National 
College of Pen Art, Angola. Ind,, gets as hand- 
some an effect in his letters as any one could 
wish. He has a prosperous school. W. A. 
Smith, one of his graduates, is also an excel- 
lent penman. 

— Three new college papers have came to us 
during the past month— all good. Nothing 
dignifies a husiness more than good advertising 
literature, J. R. tioodyear's International 
Bus, College Jom-nnl, Port Huron, is profusely 
illustrated and tells the story of a prosperous 
school. So do The FracHcat Bus. Educator. 
by L. M. Holmes, of the Covington, Ind., Nor- 
mal School, and CoUege Life, which comes 
from the Lawrence, Kan., Bus. College, with 
George Foster as editor-in-chief. 

— Business is booming in the conunercial de- 
jmi-tment of the Western Normal College, 
Bushnell, 111. Superintendent McCIellan has 
no time for napping. Besides, he isn't of the 
napping kind. 

— Temple of Hamilton. San Antonio, Texas, 
are to be congratulated on the accession to 
their faculty of so skillful a penman as C. H. 

— F. F, Roose.of the Lincoha. Neb.. Bus. Col- 
lege, recently purchased a handsome four story 
building at the cost of $34,000. It will be the 
home of the college, 

—The Commercial Quaiierly comes from 
Clark's Bus. College, Erie, Pa. Seven mem- 
liL-rs of the faculty are represented by half- 
tune portraits on the cover. It is a handsome 

— C. M. GUes, an old friend of The Journal, 
is the general secretary of the Y, M. C. A., 
PateiTson, N, J., and is connected with the pub- 
lication of The Assacialion News. 

— Th e Journal erred last month in speaking 
of C. A. French us being connected with a 
business college. Mr. French teaches in the 
Boston Evening High School and is also con- 
nected with the inquiry department of the 
Boston jxjst office, the local dead letter office. 

— Kinsley, of Shenandoah, Iowa, has now 34 
special penmanship students, 400 in thi-ee pen- 
manship drill classes and about ISf in the com- 

— W. J. Thessele, who has been connected 
with the Actual Business College, Youngs- 
town, Ohio, recently attempted suicide durii.g 
a i>eriod of mental aberration. He had had 
some trouble nilh his partiiL-r, C. W. Camp- 
bell. Thescli(jr>l li,is -,,i.v U..:-u i.iiivhused by 

— ThatthL- l'iji_.. i:,,-M„ - 



fact that on the- tiisi ihty of March vvtry seat 
in the theory and study department, accom- 
modating one hundred and twelve studtiit'>, 
was tilled and further admission refused tor 
two weeks. This thing has happened twice 
before since Professor Capen took charge of 
the college in 1871, and by and by we shall 
expect to see him raise the roof or make more 
room in some way to accommodate those who 
wish to attend. 


—The O-nturi/ easily leads tht- March maya- 
zines, and is particuloi'ly rich both in textuud 
pictm-es. A mere list of the topics and authoi-s 
would take nearly half a colunm of our space. 
.■\mong many timely articles perhaps none will 
bo more widely read than the paper by Pro- 
fessor Powell, director of the United States 
Government Geological Survey, entitled "The 
Irrigable Lands of the Arid Region " (of the 
C S.). Two other papers on the same subject 
^vill foUow. 

—The pi-oduction of Ernest Reyer's new 
opera, "Salammbo," at Brussels, is the meet 
important musical event that has thus far 
happened this year in Europe. A compre- 
hensive aci-ount of this remarkable work, to- 
gether with the estimat«s placed upon it by 
the best European critics, a bright personal 

sketch of 

of htm and a reprodi 
of the gems of the score coostitute the leading 
attractions of The Transatlantic of March I."*. 
Almost equally remarkable is a review in the 
same issue of the Socialist party in Germany, 
which the recent elections in that country 
brought forward soprominently. The conclu- 
sion of Guy de Maupassant's " Vogrant Life," 

of the serial " On the Moun- 
of Zola by the great 

', Michailovsky, and an ac- 
count of the discovery of a new Rembrandt in 

Trail." told by Hiiiry Ptrry Bobinson. Two 
minei-s light a pack of ravenous wolves «ith 
dynamite, blowing the brutes into what th« 
boys call "smithereens." Mr, Taber illus- 
trates the story with vigor. A delightful story 
is " Jack's Cure," by Susan Curtis Redfleld. 
Jack nms away from home, and having been 
forced to takea place as " maid of all work " 
soon concludes, as Dorothy's saucy song re- 
minds him, that there is "no place like home." 
W. A. Rogers has drawn the excellent illus- 
trations to this storj". There are but two of a 
dozen or moi*o bright features. 

I A. a Webb, \nshi It I H ' ! 

— The Art Amateur for March more thau 
fulfills the promise of its past both in its illus- 
trations, which are of the same high degi'ee of 
excellence as usual, and in its reading matter, 
which is this month exceptionally attractive 
from the topics of living and general iEterest 
with which much of it deals. Indeed this 
magazine seems to have the gift of combining 
the specially and the generally interesting in 
such a way as to make it equally satisfactory 

— The March Wide Awake opens with a 
charming biogi-aphy in miniature, by Mrs. 
Frances A, Hmuphrey. of " The Beautiful 
Emily Marshall." a famous young belle of Old 
Boston. The frontispiece gives her portrait, 
pniuted by Chester Harding, ond owneil by 
her daughter. Mi's. Samuel Eliott. Anumt; 
the illustrated articles are " Animals at 
School,' by Eleanor Lewis, and " Among the 
Date Palms," by Frances H. Throop, with her 
own drawings made in Africa recently, '• Poor 
Lady Ursula,'' by Lucia Beverley, is a ti-ue 
story of the fate of a young Englishwoman 

■ m" 

to the amateur and the general reader. When 
we add that a beautiful picture of N6tre Dame, 
by moonlight, which, framed and bung up, 
would be an ornament to any room, and a 
graceful design of oi'-hids for china decora- 
tion, accompany, and are included in the price 
of the magazine; we may well consider it a 
remarkably cheap periodical. Price, $4 a year. 
Single copies. So cents. Montague Marks, 
publisher, 23 Union stfuare. 

— The March St. Xichotas begins with 
an exciting adventure. " On a Mountain 

who came to Maine in the early days ; thi* 
"early days" of another portion of our 
country, California, furnishes the materml for 
another story, Mrs. (Jeueral Fremont"? "' A 
Picnic Near the Equator." "The Coltie that 
Kicked Up" will delight little people, and 
young and old will i-ead with interest Miss 
Poulsson's " Early America in Clay." 

EdueaHonat anil Teehnteat. 

—The first of a series of "Pedagogical 
Primers" comes to ns from the press of C. W. 

Bai-deen, S>Tacuse, N. Y. Its title '' School 
Manngement" is a complete euide to its con- 
tents. The author has managed to get a great 
deal of uspful matter into forty-flvc pagot. 

— The American St^nxogixiphxr is announced 
to appear this month from itt Lexington 
avenue. New York. It will be published 
monthly nt 15 cents a yooi". John R. (ioary. 
(Jeorgc O. McKibben and Jaiuct Feely consti- 
tute the board of editors. 

Practical Typewriting. —By the AU- 
finger Method. Which lA>ads to Operation by 
Touch. Arranged for Self-insti-uction, School 
Use and Lessons by Mail. Containing also 
General Advice, Typewriter Expedients and 
Information Relating to Allied Subjects. By 
Bates Torrey, author of " A Plan of Instruc- 
tion " in Shorthand. Bound in clo*h, price. 
*1.00. New York, Fowler & Wells, Publish- 
ers, Ti.'i Brondway. 

Tin- (lin)v.- is ;i well-printed book that lives 
fniiiy ii|i to IK title. Fi'om the cursory exam- 
ination « lii'li wr- have so foi" boeu able to give 
it. wi- bi-h,-v.' it to be a work of real value in 
acqniriiiL' speed and accuracy on the type- 
writer, and operating the machine with a 
minimum of wasted energy 

SklkctsdWords AND Phrases porShort- 
HAND Learners. —This is a systematically 
arranged list of the words and phrases (some 
2(00} occmiing in the " Packard Lessons in 
Munson Phonogiaphy," each followed by 
blank line with ample space for phonographic 
outline, printed in bold type on good paper, 
suitable for pen or pencil, stit<-hed at top, 
with manilla cover, and dimensions and 
general appearance of the ordinary phono- 
graphic uotelKiok. 

It removes the necessity of writing these 
woi-ds in longhand, thus saving considerable 
time and enabling the student to make rapid 
progress with less mechanical labor than 

It compels the student to present work in 
most convenient form for examination and 
corrcc^tions by the teacher, whose oyos and pa- 
tience are often sorely tried by faint and illegi- 
ble writing. 

When properly prepared, it constitutes a 
phonographic key to a vast number of words 
and plu-njws in general uec. 

In shoit. it saves time, money and vexation. 

Palatial Home of the Metro- 
politan Business College. 

The magnificent building represented 
by the accompanying cut is the new home 
of Mr. O, M. Powera' Metropolitan Bnai- 
oess College, Chicago. The entire prem- 
ises are owned and controlled by Mr. 
Powera. The lot was secured and the 
ediBce erected expressly for the use of the 
college, Dod all the study halls, class- 
rooms, coat-rooma, laviitoriea and offices 
were specially arranged and contracted for 
in the construction. The edifice is of brick 
and iron seven stori«ft and basement, with 
a south frontage of 172 feet. The interior 
is beautifully fiDishcd with hard wood and 
marble, with a marble entrance of 20 feet 
wide. It is heated bv steam and lighted 
by electricity throughout, has two targe 
passenger elevators and is supplied with 
speaking-tubes, electric hells and all the 
improved applinnceH of the great modern 
office building. The cost of the structure 
itself was $100,000; the cost of the land 
$100,000. The college occupies the four 
upper stories. 

The location is upon the famous lake 
front— the proposed sight of the World'a 

Thb JoiRNAi, heartily congratulates Mr. 
Powers on so remarkable an achievement. 
Any comment on his enterprise and pro- 
gressiveness, or on the prosperity of the 
school of which he is the head would be 
superfluous in view of the facts and the 
sketch given. 

H'liie Prool'M for Hpeclnioii CuIIec 

Several subscribers have written to 

ilinai. Plata's u( ihis d< -ri-iiitirm only 
leir real value ivlien printed with great- 
' on the best quality of plate paper, 
it mode a handsome illustration ait 

a aid to students of bookkeeping. 

r advertising columiiit. 

In writing to Advertisers kindly 
say that you saw their notices in The 





po r o 


Q R r OTur I 


70B SALE- 

e and prosperous 



Address MorN 

ne. goiDg- into 

located fn a lapd 
competing scht il 

oppoituQit\ foi 
\er must «t)! . 

iitablishe i Buijineia 

quipped j-avmB- Busi 

f capital citj N( 
t\ mi es in un 
asraalUapitil Pies 
:iCouiit of liealth 

■cThl Touhn 

Addi-ess (JUA 

A GLNTS WANTEO ou «alai 
sample by mail 

RoukIi on Ink "the b 

j^ babe: bi;sinessopporxcnit\ 

The only Business 'oIleKeiQ a 1 Wes. 
crn city of Ufty tbousand iuhabitauta a 

The colIeKCis well equipped, in success p 
tion, with good income UDd fine reputa n N 
opposition. Kxcellent prospects. A -a -e p 
poitunity. The owner has other intere a 

i-equire his entire time. The right ma an 

Address '" 

e The Joun^ 



480 Sheets LetterSizp, by express, $2.00. 

This isa floe, unruled, medium-weight pa 
gantly flnisbed. for the use of penmen, 
ds of fiae paper, ruled and unru'ed, in st 


ecialty. Write (sending copy) for estimates. 


L complete line of supplies for commercial 
ols and departments ou hand and printed 
rder. We can make your book-keeping 
ka cheaper than you can buy them ready 
e, and we will make them as you direct and 
■our imprint on the covers. 


Shenandoah, Iowa. 

An Elegant Present, 

Sensible One, Too, is a Copy of 

T e best-selling penmanship puL 

th^ public. AGENTS <irf iii(ikiii,l an 
ling it. YOU can make $.i,00 a day e 

The Latest, Best, Most Comp 

Cheapest tiling of the kind. Se 

en beautifully lithographed slips an* 


^.No. I 

writing of all 

2.— The " Business Pen" for book -keep- 
.^, — lok-keeping students and all wishing a 
en foi rapid, unshaded writing, 
RREs-SamphB 10c, Qiini ttr Gross 
30c t (.tAHet SI 00 


POTMAN & KINSLEy, s^^..?..^.ll 

L. tf M nti nTHEJouR^AL 




e series of ehgantly writttti copitM. fi-esh from the iK'n. on heav* 
ie, there being fifteen sheets packed i 



An Aid to Business College Students, 

Highly endorsed by teachers and prac- 
tical accountants. 

Price, ,50 cents ; with Key, $1,00. 
J. C. KANE, 
E, & B. Bvisioess College, Baltimore, Md. 


For private practice and class use. Will be Is- 
sued about April 1st. Price, One Dollar. 

Pubitslier, Itochester. N.Y. 


Hundreds of bonks and i 
who send clubs at the full pri' 

We have not space to give full details here. If you are interested send 
copy of The Journal containing the announcements in detail. Here are just a few 
of them; 

Dickens' Complete Worbs in fifteen volunes (5200 pages, size 5 x Tj) 
mailed free for one new subscription ($1.00) and 75 cents extra— $1.75 in all. In case 
of renewal, $2.00. Sir Walter Scott's Peerless Waverly Novels, complete in 
twelve volumes, will be sent instead of Dickens' if desired. 

Another set of Dickens, complete in twelve volumes, size 8^- x 12, mailed free for 
one new subscription and 35 cents additional — $1,35. In case of renewal, $1.50. 

Cooper*s Famous Leather-Stocking: Tales infivevohimes of about 500 
pages each (size 5 x 1^) for one new subscription and 15 cents extra — $1.15. In case 
of renewal, $1.35. 

Writing about premium Cooper's Works, J, W. Ratcliffe, Butler, Tenn., says : 
" I must admit that I cannot see for my life how you can send so much for such a 
small amount. 1 have hten offered twenty-Jive cents each for the Ji&c hools. You 
shall hear from me often. 


received our special premiums ar 
so many popular premiums before. 

nthusiastic in tbei 

*The regular premiums referred to above, choice of which we give with every subscription 
at $r.oo, are as follows : The Lord's Prayer size, (ig x 24 inches) ; Flourished Eagle (24. x 32) ; 
Flourished Stag (24 x 32) ; Centennial Picture of Progress (24 x 28) : Grant Memo?iaI (22 x 
28) ; Garfield Memorial (19 x 24) ; Grant and Lincoln Eulogy (24 x 30) ; Marriage Certifi- 
cate (18 X 22) ; Family Record (18 x 22). These are beautiful and elaborate lithographs from 
pen and ink copy, all handsome and showy pictures for framing. Instead of one of these 
pictures the subscriber may receive a copy of Amks' Guide or Ames' Nf.w Copy Slips, Both 
are works designed to teach penmanship, and are particularly adapted to self instruction. The 
chief point of difference between them is that the Guide is in book form while the Slips are 
detached copies, and for this reason more convenient to practice from. If you select the 
Guide and wish cloth instead of paper binding, send 25 cents extra. 

The following will be mailed free on receipt of price, or 
as special premiums : 

Payne's Business Letter Writer and 

all possible 

Rowton s Comp ete Debate 

Subscription ; cloth. Two New Suhseriptic 
Tlie following for Fitur New Sulmcrlptions 

Payne's Business Educator. - 

D. T, AMES, 202 Broadway. New York. 


An I, 

Teacher. Modern 
'(.tiodn. Sensible theories. Tuition rcason- 
Ic, StiuU-nts aided to positions free vT 




EIZB 4 EOS,! Pr a jiIjft-1 Pr piittcn 


U'.o'i * 

Illustrated Catalogue 





, Emcrlck lins received mu 
1- and skill dlspiiiycd in his t 
will be sent for 10 uents. 

ch praise for the 

«rd-work. Sam- 

I. (.'. EMEBIOK. 


1 ( )T IJ 

\ OFE ■; 

'u r.u'K 


St Luvestir 
s of oir-ha 





,vi(h y<mr writing ! Send 2o cent'^ for a wri 

<<n hitter telling you just wbnt the trouble i 

A. W. llAKIN. Syracuse, N. Y. 





•i»'i-'mS AVF. B iiiid 77 NASSAl- 


Automatic Lessons 


ISLessons JS.SO 

Alphabets, each 15 

13 Init Powderc, aasorted SO 

Circulars free. Address 

C. E. Jones, 249 Blue Island Ave., Chicago. 



critical Marks Explain 
Exercises in Apu.yinK 
Articles of Mcrctin 

Commerciol Terms; 
Terms; Scientific 1 
Words Pronounced 


SEND me $1.00 and I will teach you to en- 
grave flowers, names, etc., on cards, the 
latest thing out. They must be seen to be 

A. W. DAKIN, Syracuse, N, Y. 



Embraces tbe Latest and Highest Achieve- 
ments of Inventive Skill. 

Full line of Typewriter Siiiipllcs. (i-l2 



Is the best Type Writer. 

easier to leiirn 
k, has more speed i 
T type writer. 

Shorthand taught by mail and personally. 

A . have 300 pupils by mail. SitunriiiHS /iriiriired 
,ill fuijiil^ irliit, i-iiiii/iftriif. We have been n/iorf of 
eompetent geDtleinen stenogra|)lieis for 18 months. Bookkeepers who are sten- 
otrraphers ore id demand. Liarii n/wrt/i'ii"/ ; •■«,ni'iriirr /lo'r. 






CO . Box GttO, l^mtMV, Uawk 1 


io\ OP 1 00 valnabte recipeJ 

■ ' I'l 1 '- ' 'i|"^o[ posialnote) by WELLS 



t.' iu\ elegaut huud is to take 
i i -.ins by mail; oiUy jsi.OO. 

APArKAGF of the most fat^hif 
itujg eanU r»0 cents (i") caids). 

Twenty-four Pages of Reading Matter 


We have, printed in good shape, and ready 
to use in classes, the following reading lessons: 

1. The uirl Amanueusls. 

2. The Eng ish Tongue. 

S Fare in a Horse-Car. (llliiHtrated.) 

4. Return of tbe Birds, 

6. Pauiel Webster's Speech at AlbanT. 
All in the best style of Munson phonography. 
Pric( lo irftits for each. 25 cfnts for three, 
40 cents for five . 

Also a List of Conlractions and Words out 
of Position, with Derivatives. Prxe 10 cents. 

"S. S. PACKARD, Publisher, 


COLLEGE, RIcKmnnd, Va. „ f^v!^^' 



Price List of 
Penmen's and Artists' Supplies 




UDd Oma- 




;;-"■"■ ''■■■"- 

ms' an 

Packiin! • \\ 

Text Alphabet.. 

Cenlfloate lBz23 

Garfield Memorial .','..'..'.'.'.'.'.''. '.VitSA 

Lord's Prayer IOkM 

Bounding Slag SMiSa 

Flourished Kaglo 594x38 

Centennial Picture of ProRres8...22xa& 

new. original and artlstlo, per paok of 60, ^ 80 

JS"*;.""^' :-:;:::;:::;;:;;;::::::::: »S 

1000 " il'.W: by expreaa ... 4 00 

Bristol Board, »-eheet thick, 38x28. per sheet. 60 

" 32x28 per sheet, by express... 30 

French B. B.. 24xW. " "' ■ ■ ' , « 

iesired length {the very thing for 

all Drawing Paper, 80 Inches in width n 

fine penmanshrpsi 

puoto-en graving) | 

lack Card-hoard. 'Jax- 

Professor A. "W. Dakin. 

Dear Sir;— Your last lesson is received and 
like all preceding ones is a rnodel of perfec- 
tion. Your copies all show the same amount 
of care, and the interest you show in the im- 
provement of the work of your pupils is evi- 
dent in each lesson. Sincerely thanlting you 
for the attention you gave me through thu 
entire course, I um 

Yours truly, 
M. R. VANDERBILT, Mt. Morris, N.Y. 


The Wonderful Machine for Writing Shorthand. 

Easy, Accurat*) and Rollable. Send stamp for a 
82-page Circular. Machines rented on triaJ. 
St. Louis. Ho. 
Il-lS PrUx RfAuofd to %ZS. 

shorthand for sale. Price $1.50 | 

A, W, DAKIN. Sjracuse, N, Y. 

SIxSO . .25 8 7 
2lix4U.. .(» 7 IJ 

Best quality Tracing Paper, yard wfde. .._. B 
Wmdsor&Newton'sSup'rSup India Ink Stick 10 
Prepared India Ink, per bottle B 

Ames' Penman's Favorite No, 1. ki-dhm. . IJO 

Engrossing Pens for lettering, po. u../, -m 

nrow-QulllPen, very fine, for drawing, doz. . T> 
iiioneokea Pen, for tc^t iotlLTini,' Donlile 

— Bioad— setof fivr 2.^ 

ublique Penholder, lii' l> ■ \- 100 

"Double" Penhiiliii.r m , !■ ■ ■■! ■ .rii.r 

Oblique Metal Tips I Jij. I -MM, i.-in-, i>..Mitp: 

Writing and Measurini; Kuler, metal edged . . 30 

New Improved Pantograph, for etdarglng or 

diminishing drawings ™ 

Ready Binder, a simple device for h'«1dlng 

Npw Handv' Binder, light and Strang 1'.- 75 

B'nder. n fine. stUT. cloth 
inder Jobnal size, very durable . . 1 50 


No! si II aHx^Wfeet!!!'!'..!!".!"'.!;!'!!! tw 

itone Cloth, one yard wide, any length, per 

vard, slated on one side . 1 SB 

^B inches wdde. per yard, slated both sides. 2 as 
Liquid Slating, tbe best fn use, for walls or 

wooden boards, per gallon . , . . 6 00 

on good bank note paper la kept In stock, and 
orders will be filled by return of mall or oxprvxs. 
The fractional denominations are: rs,5's,10's. SB's 
and 50's,ln convt^nlent nroporllons; the bills are 
In the denominations of I'e, 2'8. 6'b. 10'b, JW's, SO's, 
lOO's, 5D0'a and l.OOO's, which arc printed on sheets 
of fifteen bills each. They are proportioned so as 
make3cn««. 3fioor, 2 jfr«. S ttiu.aaii one euoh of 
the 10, 50. 100. 500 and 1,000 dollar notes. 
The proportion in which the different denomina- 

ventence hi i"i-.(i. ' ir..,. ■. .....1 furnish 

The >iM- . ' !: '"lo" 

inking pboto- 

i,Of most of the tbonsands of outs thst have ap- 
peared In Thb Jocrkal and our publloatlons, 
duplicates will be fumiflbed for low price.i. 

We wir. supply, at pMUker*' rate$, any standard 
work on |>enman8hlp In print ; also any bookkeep- 
ing. Commercial anttunetlo or other education,^ 

Stnd the money with order. In all oases. Tlnlc*8 

iroTxanr ia met no goods v^ll bo sent by 

nor by express, C. O. D., unless a 

' ida to protect us aital""' 


thia requirement la 

" send Bo-nnd-so (you have forgot 

contingent loas. Don't waat« y 
by writing us to ' send so-and-Sw vyun. __ — _ 
tfie price) and you will remit," or U.usk nslf-B 
•■ can't lake leas." Wk cak't. W© handle nothing 
but -L-llaltle goods, and all who fav<ir us with 
orders are assured of prompt and efficient scrvl. . 
A(ltfreM:D. T. AMES, 902 Broadway, New York. 




«*&%„. ^ 


^lilS K TIII\ClIFuUTuST Ayi)lteTMvrU(M 

/...../ o,., , 


try. We are thus enabled to make a price thut dffies 

ivay to verify what we say. If your penman can make 

give'you more work for the money now, besides expediting 

iloy expert wi-iting teachers of the best class. Coiild anything 
do itr— how much f ' ' " ....._ i_ 

Thousands of 

t»t:?<^m AT 

rccssfully taiiKht Xi\\ maW. Thcrefoi-e 
end $1 (X)for41cjiSODs and be convinced 
II lielp you. Write. Yourlott^^rwjll 


and be convinced 
lottpr will 


AF1,0URKSHED owl on B. Boai-d, 
10 s M inches, .sent for |;1.00. It 


want la of the fi 
}ination.s of yom- 

A. W. DAKIN, Syi-acuse. N, ' 


I'J les-sDiis in plain peunidnship givfu 1 

FOR ALL orders received within 30 days 
send 50c, worth of pen work for '&v,. 

I--" 515 East State Street. Trenton N.J 

D. L. Dowd 

Matters Not '''''■'!,,',' i,""',',"",^^ I'h 
How Finely the Copies ''J,;; 
May be Written, There is 

' Vickroy Street. - - Pittp 
Do you want a dozen finely written o 

Do you want un barn 


For 75 cents I will send you li cards w 
flowei's, roses, gi"asses, etc.. raised on eiieh w 
a knife. Your name written or raised, as j 
wish. The flowere look like wax work i 
these are positively the moot beautiful cu 
in the world. A sample sent for 20 cents. 

A. W, DAKIN. Sy 


1. Commercial Arithmetic. (Complete edition.) Generally accepted l)y commercial teachers as the standard book on this 

suhjcct. Used in over loo business schools and enthusiastically endorsed by all. Retail price, $1.50. Liberal discount to 

2. Commercial Arithmetic. (School edition.) Containing the essential part of the complete book. The most beautiful 

tc.xt-book before the c<iunlr\-. Retail price, $1. With proper discount to schools. 

3. Paci<ard's New IVlanuai of Bool<keeping and Correspondence. A logical, simple and complete treatise 

on Bookkecpinsj. arranijed for use in Business Colleges, and a most acceptable te.xt-book. Retail price, $1. VVith proper 

Any one of these books sent 10 teachers for examination at one-half retail price. 
Menliou tlih wiirtiat. 

S. S. PACKARD, Publisher, loi East 23d Street, New York. 

An I -lOlKNAI. 


scER. F^wrc 

he tiMt pubtlBtied 

on theoe 


,,^,.,rvt 1 




Send ¥1.00 for 4 triftl lessous id penmanship 
jv mail. The best you ever received. 





Expressly adapted f..i 

jiional use and r 




All of StaQdard and Superior Quality. 




In the very front rank of the com- 
mercial schools of this country stands 
the t~^apital City Commercial College 
and the Capiial City School of Short- 
hand, of Des Moines. Iowa. Young 
people desiring the best commercial 
training are invited to correspond 
with these institutions. Address 
a-ia J. M. Mehan, Proprietor 



To Ordei 


isliini; bai 


lening or OrnaraeDtal Pen-work. Reaolu- 
itiiiionials, &c., executed In a flrst-closs 
l^rge pieces of PlourlshlnK, Lettering 

□ the best possible I 
li>nce solicited and satisractlon guarau 

A. E. DEWHURST. Utica, fil. Y. 

Treasure Trove.— Old Friends Turn Up Again. 


* Send me your name written in full, imd 25 cents 
luid I will send you une dozen or more vraya o^ 
writing It, with instmotioDs ; or send me a 2 cent 
stamp, and I will simd tou addressed in my own 
band, price list desoriptive of Lessons by Mail Ex- 
t«nded Movements, Tracing Eserolses, Capitals. 
Cards, Flourishing, ftc. Address 

A. E. PARSONS, Wilton Jnnotlon, Iowa. 
P. a.— No postal cards need apply. a-i3 

Paper Warehouse, 

Nos. 1 5 & 1 7 Beekman St., 


A thousand yeiire as- h day No arithmetic 
teaches ft. A sbort,sfmpk>, prnvticol methnil by 
E C. ATKINSON, Principal o( bacmmcnto Biisi- 
ncssColioKC, Sacramento, Cul. By raail.SUct-nts. 
Aflfirees h^ above 


if Real Penmiuship, < 
I Ci-utK's CoLLEoe, Eru, Pa. 


Are the Best . 


Durability, Bvenness of 
Point, and Workmanship. 

Sn, BUKEMIN iCO.. '4°i"v°ir'' 

TELEGRAPHY -^""-^ -"n'o'ss r.v 

■nau Collfice. Ponichh<-rp«le. K. V. Expensi* 
dr«» for catalogue Box C. C, Pouglilteep«le. N. Y. 


Practical Bookkeeping 

nd Double Ent 

ny Thomas A. Un e, A.M., LL.B.. 
hJxperl Accountant and Serrelaru of Motiwi 
' I'n, IrMi- American, Washinaton 
irfirlit nuO'lina . 

Cltfi. ^jnUUn, IrMi-Amtrtcan, Wmhijmto\ 
A handsurr 



In order tB place my work in the 
every reader of this paper, I will se 
ceipt of ? the following : 

Dakin's Card Ink B<>cipe 

Two Seta of Cnpllals (dlffer-ni).. 

A Written Letter 

Muscular Exercises 

12 Signatures (any name) 

Specimens of Houriablitg 
Total worth, . . 

. "V^T. I> .A. ^ I ig-, 
141 Johnson St., Syracuse. N. y. 

r schooli." The rapM " 




GOLD MEDAL, Paris exposition, 1889. 



I ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ', " '*''' '° til© South. 

']'"''. ' " ' ■ li'lted with paptiee 

''■'"'-■■ ' ■ ■■ '■ "■■i-i>rinblo i)rlces, 

A. I WKIUI. Nashiill,'. Tt..i„. ' g_j3 

Northern Illinois College of Pen Art, 

with Normal School and BuslnoK College, 

Thorough Instruction in every branch of Pen 

II stampn for 

WiLKESBABBK, Pa.. Oct. a«th, l«80 
Mr. A. W. Dakin, Syracuse, N. T. 

Dear Sir: — Your letter and lesson of June 
lyth, 1889, came duly to hand, and, I assure you 
I s}>oUe(l nmny a sheet of pai>er in order to 
show you that I really appreciate your way of 
doing business. And there is no excuse a maJi 
can give who does not avoil himself o( «uch 
a great chance t^i Iwirn ponnionsbip at home 
without spending hut *3.00. The price w very 
low and within reach of every young man, 
and you desei-ve great credit for it. 


All Engrossers and Oraughtsmen Use 


The accoiuiian.viiig cut rcpreec^ntA the head 
wirb a 9<'c1ion of the blade of tlie square, and 
several specimens of ruling apd shadinKi photo- 
engruvcd direct from work done by aid of the 
fquare with a common drafting pen, tbu lines 
beinK separated at perfect intervals, and exe- 
cuted as rapidly as those made free-band. 
The space l>etwecn lines may be vai-lfld by turn- 
ing a thumbscrew from aero to scven-eightlm 
ofanlfidi nnd niiidc horizontally or upon any 
ifi -11- t li uL'th MI- iniiterial. '^c give herewith 

I . 'I niiuu photo- cnirroved directly 

ii I, ^ I lie aid of the square with 

11,1 , I, <i I I" L-hiind lines. 

Ki .•■(! h> t:iii(roH»erH. llrnui:bi>men. 

Ai< hilir.lH niid ArllolH everywhere, flreu- 
■ oTHwIib pricokand tall dene rlpilfiu mem up< 
oa >PPllcailoDloTUEJOi;RNAl«OrF|CR 



popularity ami indue 
:al, most teacliable and 

xtending in circulatic 
mest text books on 


I series of (our cleganl books, of wh 
I copies have becnsoM during the past ei| 
We believe that no other book has done 
o promote interest in the study of this 



has < 


Complete Bookkeeping 

the present lime the favorite with the 
colleges of the country, being at present i 
nuch larger number of such schools thai 
■ work, and its introduction is steadily ( 

needed on every hand 
ubjects that have ever 


Crammar and Corre- 


of les: 

impart knowledge of the practical feature 
language, and their application to writ 
munications. It contains just enough gr: 
enable those who have- not given the 
much study to obtain knowledge of the i 
portant facts : and to impress upon those' 
voted some time to the study of gram 






$2 50; 


nlS of CoMII.iiTE Bl.OKKF.F.riNt.. 

,r schools chal do no 



lion pr 
Rvi.iil prirt, $2.00 and $I.2S respectively; whole- 
sale. $1.10 and 75c. respectively. 

mcnlary book. It is devoted chiefly to single-entry, 
but explains and illustrates the process of changing 
from single to doublftf n 

j~^ ^. r .. t. 




1 of the book 

ire invaluabl. 
.voman. This 
1 large sale. 



nd litei 
to every business 
book is having gri 
Retail price. 750.; 



the i 

nan and businc 
t popularity ai 
holesale. 50c. 

Civil Government. 


nplete explanation of dotiblc-entry, 
ictical exercises under that method, 
designed for a young class of pupils, 
jally found in district schools, 
idicd with profit by older classi 
C; wholesale. 50C. 

Commercial Arithmetic 

; book contains just those features 
that every business boy and girl should un- 
■sland. Not only thai, but it cultivates facility 
performing arithmetical calculations. Its drill 
ircises, designed to render the pupil expert, are 
lislinguishing feature ; and the clearness of its 
tcmenls and analyses, and its unique treatment 
the more practical features of the subject have 
itributed to the popularity it has secured. Retail 
ce. $2.00; wholesale, $1.00. 


popular favor than they felt 
ment. and their experience 1 

ing book." " Our pupils are 
study," "We feel that wecai 


;d no book on Ih, 
hat it would mec 
ssuingCivil Govern 
amply justified tha 
a novel." "A charm 
' delighted with lh( 
iw successfully tcacl 
nples of expression' 

ivholeuale, BOc 

Seventy Lessons in Spelling. 

This little hook has had so wide an inlroduclio, 
and has sold so largely, that almost every teachc 
knows all about it. It contains about'jooo difhcull 


nd giv 

Aiell as the 
wholesale, 20c. 



Commercial Scliool Supplies. 

It should be understood, also, that we carry a large 
stock of Foolscap Paper. Pens. Rulers. Pen-Holders. 
Figuring Pads. Blotting Pads, Blank Books for Book- 
keeping. Business Forms, etc.. etc., which are excel- 
lent in quality and cheaper than the cheapest. 

Commercial Law 

is another wonderfully popular work. I 
hold on the commercial teachers of this co 
tion to its publishers. It has been highly 
of the language employed, the directnes 
of topics and its typographical appearance 

s yet a new book, but it has secured a 
:ry that is a source of unusual gratifica- 
nplimented on account of the clearness 

of our public 
and testimo 
we have in 
upon applic 

Circulars, Price Lists, &c. 

en pages of the books, and also 
ith introduction, who 
•ding them, as well as 
11 be mailed to the i 

WILLIAMS & ROGERS, Educational Publishers, Rochester, N. Y, 


\ I KR, - 30c. A SET OF CAPITAI^. - i 

- 1 I - - M f \ t I I A 1,^. different 40c. 1 DOZ. FINE BEVEL CARDS, J 

\ li.oL lil.-ll, I-IXHEH BIRD. EAGLE. SWAN OR CKANE. - - S 
E. M. CHAItTIiiU. PriQclpaJ Texas Business CoUoifo, Pahib. Texas 

Best Work on Shorthand Ever Written. 


The aiitlittr tif this work is Prof. Alfr<;il Day, a shorthand 
reporter of 25 years' experience, author of " Aid to Graham," 
" Shorthand Copy-Book," &c.. President of the Cleveland Sten- 
ofjraphcrs' Association, Principal and Proprietor of Day's School 
of Shorthand, 

It does not |irctcnd to be a new s\'stcm. It presents Graham's 
System in a wonderfully simplified form, doing away entirely with 
the objections that have been made to that system by reason of 
its interminable complications. Prof. Day has removed these 
stumbliiifT blocks, making the path of the student entirely plain. 

The results obtained by this work are unequaled in the history 
of shorthand teachers. The publishers will be glad to give scores 
of testimonials from those who have acquired proficiency in a re- 
markably short time with no other teacher than " Day's Complete 
Shorthand Manual." 

The book, beautifully printed and bound in cloth, will be sent 
by mail post-paid to any address on receipt of the price, $1.50. 


line BURROWS BROTHERS CO,, Publishers, ,.,. 
23 to 27 Euclid Avenue, - Clevel.\.\d, Oiiiu. 




ui£ Sdioolii/Iiece U/oi/sof/dsjft^edestafco//nl- 
anls^ com/^?erc/al teariiers cwdi/oumhswrs^ 
//^e/lgftf/eWPsl, liaire recciiied i//eIc(Y/m/fion ^ 
aifd start /'/? tde. ^tt/rj/w/gti^//s///c4)-0/ase, 
a ^liseclo/Jxdrmt S^f^na/a/fst/zfj^u/i^e^t/ort- 
lianrl^-^iipe /mt/j/£ atlta/iotithjje.qer(e(/ccd^> 
tcadiccs irffo 4ta//cldtdie li(_r/dJfdfe/rj)rofcss/o/i 
^recofttfefi/^esfpe/im'/f /// d/cWoddarei/i. 

tl'/is ii/sdtiilion, ondei ■ea/Jiepadz/ic/dof'tt/e ^ 
(^tea-e /<sfutti//ip to dsar/i ert/se/r/e/ds. 

Seaudfid ItliLstrated(^talogac r/z/d-f^ 
Specimasoj' J^ctj/aa/hdi/f) i^e/drf^EE. 



Published Monthly 
at 202 Broadway, N. Y., for $1 


tered at the Post Office of New York 
N. Y . as Second-Class Mail Matter. 
Copyright, 1890, by 0. T. AMES. 

NEW YORK^ MAY, 1890. 

Vol. XIV.— No. 5 

Handwriting of Famous Men. 

SoiiiP or Ilirni Prcll) Pair Penmen, 
but OIlicrM Woolullr nonrlcul. 

Dion Boncicftult is a favorite with col- 
lectors of dramatic autographs. TIewjites 
a large, clerkly hand. 

Mark Twain's handwriting would not 

Bret Ilarte writes a most minute hand, 
but clear and careful. Seen through a 
microscope, the writing is legible, but it is 
very trying to the unassisted eyes. 

Gen, R. E. Lee wrote a fine, aristocratic 
hand — legible and determined in the down 

John Uuskin writes a characteristic, ec- 
centric haod, with vicious flourishes and 
one word running into another. Few of 
his letters are correctly constructed, and 
slope in all directions at once. 

Henry M. Stanley's writing is fatally 
fluent, looking as if the great expli 

strokes, but thin and hairlike in the up I to get it done before he shot the next 

graphy is absolutely comnionplaci 
original — from alpha to omef/a it i 
acterless school boy scrawl. 

PoliitM on RaUliie iitrt* 

Charity Visitor : " But doesn't } 
band do any work i" 
Mrs. O'Cnen : " No, indeed, mum. 

lil ST OF A UTUOl ^S. 



• BY 

^ 22 33 M 69 Cooft Jfe d4 

SaironSa 45 


\fanAavi.%S.A.6l M)urj|£Q.3.fB..63. 

I^-. SroafiammcrJ.eZ. 5arlm,\).3&..33.4r. S^nappsffilaRfmai 

S!,Jnc\lh,.t.63^ SajlC'^.M. ■£tfani,fe.§,.,66 

eammccK.fe&.sr. 5KcKim<:r.5G."».29. °mJon,.S.CA'i. 

a<xmUam%i>.\& 5rcnc?C.tdS "Wcnna.CC.ii. 

CfiapmatvCI). 31.52. S,cs5£m<.n,^5'.3i:. OlIc.^ia^lfnaR.Sb 

e&r(..(J.a..65. %a?xn.SaS).A'i. •Dir.ffcr.J^.C.SZ. 



^dPPt.X.'W. 19.35. g!.tton,3^., 42 


3. 12.13. 20. +S. 66 

CParE.X.C.bO, 3tarl?„«,a^..42. Oil, Pn6.^, fPom. 55 S?,a^i'o,:%'^.A9. 

_|p£.nctr. olmiian . 


^ j-ca Wn n . G. 3b. . b6. 

,^i('0. 10.11.50. 
%ancr.C% 2^.25. 

Title Page of "Anu's- Book of Flourishes." Photo-Engraved From Design Made in the Office o/ The Journai., The Hook is the Same Length as the Width of this Page nntl the 
Same Dtpth as the Space Between the General Heading Matter on the Upper and the Lower Parts of this Page. Now Ready for Delivery. 

secure him a ^200 clerkship. No poet ever 
wrote such a scrawl. It is essentially a 
f'unnt/man^s hamf. 

Beaconslicid wrote a bold, tlashy hand, 
very charact«ristic of the man, and it 
changed with his changing fortune.^, from 
his early Radical days to the time when he 
was a triumphant Tory Premier. 

lines, as though written with a pin. His 
penmanship sugge^'ts strong determination 
and staunch integrity. 

Cardinal Newman's autograph is small, 
legible and compact. He writes with care, 
from the beginning to the end of a letter 
or manuscript. It is not a fluent or a 
vigorous hand, but studied and slow. 

rapids or an approaching tiger. He ties 
up half a dozen words together like true 
lovers' knots. 

C. 11. Spurgeon's penmanship would 
have puzzled Cardinal Richelieu, who pro- 
fessed to be able to read any person's char- 
acter after seeing two lines of his band- 
writing. This popular preacher's cbiro- 

mum. it's tlio example that bimnelf is thinkin 
of. He don't moind the womik in itself, mum 
but it'H the example." 
Charity Visitor: "The example P" 
Mre. O'Crien : " Yes, mum. Himself do 
want to laise up his girruls so they wout liave 
to work, and he do fear that if he worruk bim- 
aelf, they'll be corrupted by the example, dun't 
you see, mum !" — Boston Transcript. 

History in Autographs. 



writes entertfiintngly Id //«?*- 
f»'nr» Magaziuf, Lake Village, 
N. II.. of prices fetched 
by nutofiniphs of people 
who took a distinguished 
part in the making of 

During the years 1776 
and 1777 there were no 
raorf stirring events than 
those which finally led to the 
surrender of the haughty 
General Burgoyne, at Sara- 

The eyes of the Continental 
rcss and all the people 
watched %\ ith iutereit the one- 
ied campaign conducted by a few 
patriots on one hand and the strong- 
est men of the liritish army on the 
other. Hut the line uniforms of the 
King in the end proved no match for the 
homespun of the Continentals, and the 
leader of his forces was finally compelled 
to lay down his arms and ask terms of the 
rebellious subjects. 

While we always associate with this 
Northern campaign the names of Stark, 
Gates and Wayne, there was no man who 
did more to make Burgoyne surrender 
tliim Maj. Gen. Philip Schuyler of Albany. 
An ardent patriot, he was early com- 
missioned by the Continental Congress, 
and was often a leader in the councils of 
war held among the various military men 
of the day. 

His portrait shows us a tall, slender man 
with an exceedingly good-natured face; 
the conventional wig gives him a royal ap- 
pearance, the sword and high boots assur- 
ing us of his martial tastes. 

That General Schuyler was often looked 
to for advice, and that his acquaintance 
embraced nearly all the prominent men of 
the American army, has lately been made 
apparent by a sale of autographs in Bos- 

While writing the history of the Revo- 
lutionary War, a distinguished historian 
had access to the private papers of the 
General and selected for use a large number 
of most valuable letters. 

The history having been completed, 
these precious papers have all recently 
been sold, the writer having attended the 
auction and had the privilege of examin- 
ing the entire lot. 

It will no doubt be interesting to many 
to know what price such a rare collection 
of fine autographs brought, and appended 
is a description of a few of the jjrincipal 
lots and the figures realized. 

A beuutiful letter of Ethan Allen, three 
pages folio, April 0, 1775, concerning his 
mission to Canada, brought |;45, and a 
deed simply signed by himself and bro- 
ther Ira went for |31; a fine two page 
letter of Wm. D-lapkce, who commanded 
Ticonderoga, when Ethan Allen caught 
him asleep went for |;JG. This letter was 
written from prison, giving a list of the 
things he left behind at the Fort, and is 
excessively rare. Three superb letters of 
Benedict Arnold to Gen. Schuyler, one of 
them five pages quarto, realized |S2.50, 
133 i)0 and $47.50, and a letter signed 
after his treason, $15. A letter signed by 
Joseph Brant, the famous Indian warrior, 
was knocked down at $25. 

One of the gems of the entire sale was 
ft beautiful letter of General Burgoyne to 
General Heath impertinently refusing 
favors from his captors. This was sold 
for $35, a low figure. Three letters signed 
by Lord Cornwallis went for $12.50, $9 
and $11. A letter simply signed by B:ig.- 
Gen. Roche De Permoy, one of the very 

ded $74, and a similar 
letter signed by Baron De Waedtke, who 
is the rarest of all the eighty odd briga- 
dier-generals whom (Joiigress commis- 
sioned, went up to $155, being purchased 
probably for the great collection of Dr. 
Emmet, in New York. Two choice letters 
of Gen. Nathaniel Green brought $20 each, 
and one of Gen. Gates $10. A good let- 
ter of President William TTeory Harrison 
for $13 was a high price. A letter signed 
by Gen. Nicholas Herkimer, who was 
killed at Oriskany, brought $25, and ihe 
bu>er seemed pleased (hat he was not 
obliged to pay $50. A letter of Thomas 
Jefferson went up to the unusual price of 
$15, and another to $11. A magnificent 
letter in English from Gen. Lafayette to 
Jefferson, four pages, quarto, 1791, cover- 
ing the movements of the British in Vir- 
ginia, was sold for $25, while two others 
commanded each $20, and another $17. 

One of the priceless gems of the sale 
was a full autograph letter of Gen. Ebe- 
uezer Learned, of Massachusetts, to Gen. 
Schuyler. It is very rarely that his name 
is found even ■ igned to a paper, but this 
was a complete letter. The neat sum of 
$85 was paid that it might go into a New 
York collection. Clf^sely following it was 
an autograph letter ' six full pages writ- 
ten by the famous Gen. Richard Mont- 
gomery from Quebec six days before he 
was killed, giving a complete account of 
his expedition and expressing his determi- 
nation to take the town before returning 
home. For this $65 was paid. 

The name of Israel Putnam at the end 
of a letter was sufficient to sell it tor $23, 
while three letters of General Schuyler 
himself, brought $23, ■^133 and $14. A 
neat little autograph letter of Geo. Wash- 
ington netted $44, another $51, and a 
letter simply signed, but of four folio 
pages, written while on the march to 
Yorktowu, brought $42. A letter of 
" Mad Anthony " Wayne was sold for $20. 
It will be seen, then, by thise prices, 
that Revolutionary names are held at a 
high premium, and the prices given arc, as 
a rule, higher than ever known before. 
The greatest jumps in prices, though, have 
been on the Signers of the Declaration of 
Independence. Of late, so many have be 
gun the well nigh impossible task of secur- 
ing the names of these venerable patriots, 
that every scrap of paper bearing their 
names is held for its weight in gold. As 
an example, look over these few prices 
realized at this sale. To be sure, the 
specimens were very fine, and the much 
sought-for date of 1776 was on several, 
making the prices much higher, but even 
then the figures have never been reached 
before. A three-page folio letter of 
Samuel Chase, 1779, $2.3; a two-page 
quarto letter of William Floyd, bearing 
the date of January 29, 1776, was knocked 
down at $67.50; and a superb letter of 
Benj. Franklin, May 29, 1776, brought 
$57.50. A short letter of Benjamin Har- 
rison, greatgrandfather of our President, 
sold for $31, and a letter of Francis Lewis, 
of New York, dated January, 1776, 
brought the same figure. A badly stained 
letter of Lewis Norris, dated July, 1775, 
touched $55, and would have gone much 
higher but for its condition. A very fine 
letter of Robert Treat Paine, two pages, 
January, 1770, soared up to $68, and a 
shorter one but dated 1784, $38. A short 
letter of George Read, a very rare name, 
went for $47.50, anda two-page folio letter 
of Edward Rutledge, July, 1775, went for 
the high price of $72.50. The great sen- 
sation of the sale came at the very last, 
however. A four-jtage quarto letter of 
Signer Oliver Wolcott, written in March, 
1776. and of the greatest interest, went to 
a New Yorker for the sum of $100; an 
equally good letter sold in 1883 for $26. 

If any one intends to start a collection 
of the Signers, the above may serve to en- 
courage him. 

The sale was of much interest, and the 
prices realized must have been highly 

Portraits on U. S. Stamps. 

In conversation with a representative 
of the W'tHhimjt.m Post, Gen. Hazen 
gave some interesting details concern- 
ing the stamps used by the United 

The ultra-marine blue one-cent stamp 
bears the vignette of Franklin, who was 
thus honored because he was the first 
Postmaster- Gen era I. Singularly enough, 
too, he IS the only Postmaster General 
who has been thus honored. 

Washington's bust, which ornaments 
the new carmine stamp, is a tribute to 
one who was first in war, first in peace 
and first in the hearts of his country- 

A change has been made in the three- 
cent stamp, which formeriy contained the 
head of Lincoln, but out from the purple 
tint there now peers the rugged features of 
" Old Hickory," as Andrew Jackson was 
called by his admirers. 

Lincoln's familiar countenance is shown 
on the four-cent stamps, which are 
chocolate colored, and his contemporary. 
Gen. Grant, adorns the brown five-ceni 
stamps, which ai-e used for foreign 

_ Shortly after the international postal 
conference at Berne, Switzerland, in 
1874, Postmaster Jewell wanted to place 
General Grant's face on this stamp. Uijon 
mentioning the matter at a cabinet meet- 
ing one day the President vetoed, the 
proposition in the most empathic manner, 
and it was reserved for another administra- 
tion to do honor to him. 

Claret-colored is the term that would be 
applied to the six-cent stamp, upon 
which appears an excellent likeness of 

The famous utterance of Webster, the 
union one and indivisible, was thought 
entitled to a place on the green ten-cent 

Henry Clay has been honored with a 
place on the fifteen cent stamp, which is 
very appropriate, as the blue tint is 
strongly suggestive of the grassy slopes of 

On the black thirty-cent stamp there is 
a reproduction of the face of Thomas 
Jefferson, author of the Declaration of 

Probably the handsomest, as well as 
the most valuable stamp, intrinsically 
considered, is the orange-hued ninety- 
cent stamp, upon which Commodore 
Perry, the hero of Lake Erie, is de- 

A Wepitcru Ec-Uo from Bro. Packard's 

Now that Itdies are so generally em- 
ployed as stenographers and typewriter 
operators, the columns of some newspapers 
are burdened with coarse attempts at 
humor in which the pretty amanuensis and 
her alleged flirtations with the business 
man are the inspiring theme. Perhaps 
these jokes, on account of their insipidity, 
are harmless, and do not deserve the dig- 
nity of a remonstrance, but, nevertheless, 
we enter our protest against any attempt 
to place in a ridiculous or improper light 
the honest an<l worthy occupation of a 
woman. All honor to the girl who has 
the energy and pluck and determination 
to qualify herself to be self-sustaining and 
make herself useful in the great world of 
business. There are enough actual follies, 
weaknesses and foibles of men to laugh 
about without making innocent women 
the subject of ridicule by making them 
figure in incidents entirely the product of 
an impure imagination. Tlie shafts of 
ridicide should lie aimed only at those 
who deserve punishment, and wit and 
humor lose their charm when indulged in 
at the expense of anything that is good or 
useful. A woman's reputation is too deli- 
cate to be roughly handled and any light 
treatment of her occupation mjures her 
who is identified with \t.~Western Plow- 

B. E. A. Official Announcement. 
Editor op The Journal: 

The executive committee of the Busi- 
ness Educators' Association of America 
met in Buffalo on the 23d of i)ecemb«T. 
and, in deference to a very general wisli 
expressed by members at the last convcn 
tion, and by power vested in it by 8n<ti 
convention, decided that the next aiuuial 
meeting shall be held at Chautauqua, N. Y. , 
during the week preceding the meeting of 
Chautauqua Assembly. Since the Chau- 
tauqua Assembly convenes about August 
Ist, it has been decided that our conven- 
tion shall occur during the last week of 
July, opening on the 23d. 

The committee determined to change 
the plan of the meeting by devoting ul- 
ternate days to school work and general 
exercises, and to have but one schor)! 
in session at a time. To this end it was 
decided to divide the school days into five 
periods of ninety minutes each, holding 
sessions from 9 to 12 and from 1 to 5.311. 
It is believed tiat this plan will promote 
interest in all of the schools, and will re- 
move the cause for complaint that mem- 
bers, while attending one school, lose all 
that is transpiring in other schools. Some- 
what more time may be secured for tlie 
school exercises, if desired, by working 
evenings and parts of the days set aside for 
general exercises. 

It was thought best to confine the sec- 
tion work to five schools, devoted to 
penmanship, bookkeeping, arithmetic, 
English and correspondence, and short- 
hand and typewriting, to be assigned the 
five periods of the school days in the order 
named: It was thought wise, also, to place 
the subject of civijs in the category of 
general topics, and to have the discussions 
of the subjects embraced under that head 
occur on the days set apart for general ex- 

The following assignments of officers of 
the various schools have been made and the 
positions have nearly all been accepted : 

Penmanship.— Chairman, S. C. Will- 
iams. Rochester, N. Y. ; vice-chairmau, 
A. N. Palmer. Cedar Rapids, Iowa. 

Bookkeeping.— Chairman, A. D. Wilt, 
Dayton, Ohio; vice-chairman, W. A. War- 
rioer, Jamestown, N. Y. 

AuiTRMETic- Chairman, G. W. Elliott, 
Burlington, Iowa; vice-chairman, Byron 
Horton, New York. 

Enolish and Correspondence. — Chair- 
man, Byron Smith, Hamilton, Out. ; vice- 
chairman, Enos Spencer, Louisville, Ky, 

Shorthand and Typewhitikg.— Chair- 
man, C. M. Miller, New York; vice- 
chairman, A, J. Barnes, St. Louis, Mo. 

Civics.— Chairman, G. W. Brown, Jack- 
sonville, III. ; vice-chairman, J. M. Mehaii. 
Des Mjines, Iowa. 

L. L. Williams, R. E. Gallaoiier, H. 
M. Row, Executive Committee. 

Never you mind the crowd, lad, 
Nor fancy yoiu- life won't tell ; 

The work Ls done for all that, 
To him who doeth it well. 


You stand a better chance, L 
The further alon^ you get. 

Just shell 

They re a quartei- 1 
You'll be certain to I 

one O. S, Kimball, late of Flint, Mich. / 

A I'oltM' from lUe Anllitode**. 

Dear Mr. Editor: 

Allow me to offer you my meed of (jraiae 
for your well conducted Journal. I wel- 
come it as a true friend, bringing valuable 
help and cheering word to one of the de- 
votees of an art, the most useful and 
elegant of alt. 

Yours fraternally, Jas. Britce. 

SyilnfUt Neiv South Wales. 

When Penman was Penmaker. 

frablp Cluil 


"The older the 


goose the hsrder to pluck,'' when old men 
are unwilling to part with their money. 
The barbarous practice of plucking live 
geese for the mike of their quills gave rise 
to the saying. It was usual to pluck live 
geese about five times a year. Quills for 
pcoB were much in request before the in- 

For seven inng weeks you daily wrought : 
Till into light our lives you brought. 
And evpry falsehood you avoided 
While by the hand of Hutton guided. 
June a. 17T9. 

In coDclusioD, it may be stated that 
Philemon HollaDd, the celebrated trans- 
lator, wrote one of his hooka with a single 
pen, and recorded in rhyme the feat a» 
follows : 

With one sole pen I wrote this book, 
Made of a gray goose quill ; 

•bank," but he feels lonesome in the en- 
deavor and soon abandons it, to the per- 
manent detriment of the ' bank ; ' but I 
feel sure that if a healthy emulation could 
be imparted to the effort he would suc- 
ceed. Tour American boys and girls hate 
to be beaten. So they spend all their 
pennies and nickels and dimes at the little 
candy, toy and even tobacco stores that 
thrive on school chrildren's trade, vying 
with one another as to who can buy the 
most. If this competiton were turned by 



■dtO'na/tdt.j f/i(.J 



Htduced Fav-Stinile of Diploma, Recently Made in the Office of THE JoDRNAL, and Submitted 
Diploma Work. Size of Diploma, 18 x 32. (Photo- Engraved.) 

I an Example of Art,!- 

Production of steel pens. One London 
house, it is stated, sold annually six mil- 
lion ijuill pens. A professional pen-cutter 
could turn out about twelve hundred daily. 
Considerable economy was exercised in the 
use of quill pens. Leo Atticus, after writ- 
ing forty years with one pen. lest it, and 
it is said he mourned for it as for a friend. 
William Hutton wrote the history of his 
family with one pen, which he wore down 
to the stump. He put it aside, accom- 
panied by the following lines: 

As a choice relic Til keep thee. 

Who saved my i 

A pen it was when I it took, 
A pen I leave it still. 

To Teach <'lilldr 

"There ought to be a savings bank sys- 
tem in every public school of this city," 
said a shabby New Yorker the other day, 
as he leaned over the cigar counter. ' ' My 
boy will never learn thrift from his moth- 
er's example, I'm sure, any more than he 
would learn grammar, but the one can be 
taught just as well as the other, and the 
former's the more useful. I've tried to 
teach him to save his pennies in & little 

the teachers into the right channel, the 

children would soon be just as keen to 
distance each other in the size of their 
savings, and thus habits of thrift and 
economy would be formed in the minds of 
the young people, which are sadly needed. 
—iv' r. Trihntie. 

Editor of The JoraNAi,: 

Can you tell me why we have not rece 
the reports of the laat B. E. A. Conventi 
It seems tu oie that we should have 
them before this 

Weleain from the Scimtific An 
that an attachment for type-writers, by 
means of which the shifting of the charac- 
ters and the spacing may be effected with- 
out using the hands therefor haa been 
patented by Reuben Durrin and Rosecrana 
Sheldon, of Strcator, III. To the under 
side of the stand are hinged two bell-rrank 
spring- pressed levers, the horizontal arm 
of one lovor being connected to the capital 
shifting key by a rod, shown in a dotted 
line, while the horizontal ann of the other 
lever is connected with the spacing key by 
a rod, having at its lower end a loop en- 
tered by a pm carried by thcjevcr, so that 
as the lever is thrown by the knee the spac- 
ing key will be drawn down, but will re- 
turn to its normal position after the spac- 
ing has been effected. The figure -shifting 
key is connected with a honzontal lever 
beneath the table. To throw the capital 
characters into printing position the opera- 
tor presses a knee against one side lever 
pressing the opposite side lever when it is 
desired to space, while to throw the figures 
into printing position the central lever is 
pressed by the knee, the latter lever being 
adjustable to any desired height. 

If Ion Want lo Be Luvcd. 

Don't believe that everybody else in the 
world is happier than you. 

Don't conclude that you have never had 
any opportunities in life. 

Don't believe all the evil you hear. 

Don't repeat gossip, even if it does in- 
terest a crowd. 

Don't go untidy on the plea that every- 
body knows you. 

Don't be rude to your inferiors iu social 

Don't over or underdress. 

Don't express a positive opinion unless 
you perfectly understand what you are 
talking about. 

Don't get iu the habit of vulgarizing 
life by making light of the sentiment of it. 

Dim't jeer at anybody's religious belief. 

" Do unto others as you would be done 
by '*—/,„,/,>«' J/o„u- Jonrnnl. 

Mealint; Bro. dook'H Tliiindor. 

Editor of The Journal: 

In reply to the article on page 05 of the 
Penman's Art Journal for April, 1890. 
would say that the .shortest sentence, men- 
tioned in said article was sent you by me 
a year or two iigo. It is original, and was 
sent you by me about the time other cor- 
respondents were trying their hands at the 

If Dr. Rice or the Albany Arym had 
given Tub Jodhnai, credit fir it, I would 
have said nothing about it, but I don't 
like a man to "steal my thunder," as I 
seldom "get off" anything worth repeat- 

With best wishes. 

Yours truly, R. O, Cook. 

Corjms Chrijti, Tcjean, April HI. 

A i'OESl P08rP0NBD. 

I want to tell you abiiut ray kitten— 
The prettiest kitten tliat ever purred ; 
But I've f..nk.. Ill 

'I'lliT through and through, 

And ivuit till sfu? giuu.-! to be a cat — 
There are ever so many to rhyme with that I 
—Helen V. Walden, in St, Nirholas for April, 


Marv had a little lamb. 

And Mary liiida brother John, 

Whu lic|it a village store; 
Ue sjii liiiji il'_>»-ii uml smoked his pipe 

Money by the Carload. 

IS A VERY diffi- 
cult matter to get an 
adequate mental im- 
pressioD of so vast a 
sum ait a million 
dollars. " So and so 

pression that it has 

oome to sound cheap 

anil nil loiit;t r (!oce duty in conjuring uj) 

hefiirc the imagination the enormous 

wealth involved. 

I remember, when a small boy, my 
father promised me a bright silver dollar 
if I would count a million in a week, and 
never was task more bravely or eagerly un- 
dertaken — but, alas ! never finished. The 
recollection of it heightens my respect for 
what "million" stands for every time I 
hear or seethe word. 

At the corner of Pine and Nassau streets, 
New York, about four blocks from Thk 
JocRNAi. office, stands a modest brown 
building, that sinks in»o insignificance by 
the side of some of its magnificent marble 
and granite neighbors. This building is 
the home of the New York Clearing House, 
where more money passes daily than in any 
other institution on earth. More than one 
hundred millions a day is the average ! 
I think our young people who are beiuc 
educated for business will be interested in 
a description of the \10rking9 of this gieat 
institution. The following is from an ex- 
cellent account by George O. Brown, 
printed in the New York Star. 

Should the visitor be fortunate and gain 
admittance beyond the heavy swinging 
doors and the attendants, he finds himself 
at the end of a large, well-lighted room, 
divided into sections by tall wire screens. 
Long rows of high desk? exti»nd the length 
of the room, and tliese desks are also sep- 
arated by screens. 

At each portion of the desks so divided 
stands a clerk whose sole object in life 
seems to be to add up a seemingly endless 
column of figures as rapidly as possible. 
The scratching of pens and the rustle of 
ctisp Treasury notes, varied now and then 
by the rattle of silver or gold coin, are the 
only sounds to be heard. 

At the opposite end of the room, on a 
high platform, from which he can over- 
look the entire room and its army of work- 
ers, stands a shrewd "business-looking" 
man with a number of assistants, also busy 
on long columns of figures. 

Buch is the daily scene at the New 
York Clearing House during the time 
from 10 o'clock until 11 or 11: 30. The 
clerks at the desks in the room are repre- 
sentatives of all the banks in the city, and 
the man who is on the platform, keeping a 
general oversight over all the work and 
noticing each detail, is Mr. W. A. Camp, 
the manager of the Clearing House. 

This association of banks is a compara- 
tively new institution, being only about 
thirty-six years old; but so rapid has been 
the increase of business in New York city 
that to-d«y the New York Clearing House 
is the largest institutiun of its kind in the 
world — greater even than the Bank of 

When the Clearing House was first 
organized, in 1853, there were in the as- 
sociation tifty-fivc banks, and for the year 
ending September 30, 1854, the daily ex- 
changes averaged $10,104,504.94. At the 
present time there are sixty-four banks in 
the association, and last year the daily 
average of exchange at the Clearing House 
was «101. 103,415.11. So, during the 
time which it lias been in existence, the 
total exchanges nmouut to f843,80ti,456,- 
478.02, and the total transactions amount 
to $88I.135,'273,210.1G. In order to form 
some idea of how vast this amount is it 
may be stated that it would take nearly 

six thousand years to (ount it, at tlic rate 
of two hundred and forty a minute, day 
and night. 

The largest transactiou for any one day 
through the Clearing House amounted to 
$395,822,422.37, and the smallest daily 
transaction was #8,300,004.82. So large 
are these figures, however, that one can 
scarcely realize the amount of money 
which they represent, and yet, to the 
credit of the managemtnt of the Clearing 
House, be it noted that since the first day 

111 vase an error is made by some clerk 
in recording the amount received from or 
paid to some bank, the slip at once shows 
where the mistake is, and a correction 
ticket is at onee sent to the proof clerk, 
who rectifies the error. So rapidly are the 
exchanges made that it takes only about 
ten minutes for the delivery clerks to 
make the entire rounds, thus practically 
having vis-ited every bank in the city, and 
making the necessary exchanges; and over 
4000 packages of checks have been dis- 

Tbc Editor has riu-cly seen more delicate lines than tbe copy from wliicli the above was 
photo-iinBraved (by C. P. Zanci). Thia copy was not Intended for reproduction and not at all 
adapted to photo-enfmving, so that the plate oooveys only a hint of the beauty and extreme 
delicacy of the original. 

when it opened for business, so much as a 
penny has never been lost, nor has a mis- 
take ever occurred. 

One quite naturally asks how all this 
business is transacted during one or, at 
the most, two houra daily, making ex- 
changes of notes, bills and drafts between 
the eighty odd banks in the city, aud 
never a mistake made. The answer is 
simple enough, and the work appears 
quite easy when one really knows exactly 
how it is done. 

In the first place, each bank in the as- 
sociation sends two representatives to the 
Clearing House promptly at 10 o'clock 
each day, the few banks not in the asso- 
ciation making their exchanges through 
some bank belongintj thereto. When all 
tbe clerks are in their j)laces in tbe big 
hall of the Clearing House, exactly at 10 
o'clock the manager comes in, and « gong 
sounds the signal that work is to begin at 

One clerk from each bank is known as 
a settling clerk, and the second as the de- 
livery clerk. It is the duty of the settling 
clerk to receive from the delivery clerk 
from each of the other banks whatever 
exchanges there may be on bis own bank 
— drafts, notes, checks, &c. When the 
various delivery clerks have handed to 
the settling clerks of other banks all out- 
standing items, the settling clerk records 
them as received, crediting each bauk with 
its proper amount. A proof of this sheet 
is then delivered to the proof clerk, iis are 
also little slips from each bank showing 
exactly the amount which it has sent to 
the Clearing House. These tickets, known 
as credit or debit tickets, as the case may 
be, should, and always do, as a matter of 
fact, balance. 

tributed and receipted for by the proper 
representatives of the banks. 

After the exchanges are all made and 
the proofs are found correct, the delivery 
clerk takes, each to his own bank, the 
amount received in exchange, while the 
settling clerk remains to complete his 
proof sheet and compare it with that of 
the proof clerk on the platform, who works 
under the direct supervision of the man- 
ager. Thus within an llour work has been 
done which, before the institution of the 
Clearing House, used' to occupy three aud 
four hours daily, and afterward, as busi- 
ness increased, used to be done only nnce 

Under the present system, each bank 
has deposited as a fund in the Clearing 
House an amount proportionate to its 
capitt.1, thus enabling each bank to make 
its exchanges at once and in the Clearing 
House. The greatest balance resulting 
from any one day's transaction at the 
Clearing House amounted to |12,505,- 
134.15. The greatest amount of exchanges 
ever made through the institution in any 
one day by any one bank was $31,772,- 
301.51. The least balance paid by the 
Clearing House to any one bank was ten 
cents, and the least balance paid to the 
Clearing House by any one bank was paid 
on September 22. 1862, when a certain 
city bank scrupulously sent around and 
paid a balance of one cent 

At one time gold was largely used in 
payment of settlement of balances, and on 
November 11, 1879, the sum of $8,315,000 
in gold, weighing about fifteen and a half 
tons, was received in payment of balances ; 
but since the latter part of 1882 the Gov- 
ernment has issued gold certificates, so 
that now there is very little gold coin re- 
ceived in settlement. 

There are clearing-houses in all the 
principal cities of the United States, do 
ing a yearly business amounting to over 
$52,000,000,000, while the total amount 
done by English clearing houses is about 
$38,000,000,000. As showing what amount 
of money is represented by the New Yor i 
Clearing House, the amount of money 
handled through that institution during 
the past year was over $33,000,000,000, 
while the London Clearing House did over 
a billion of dollars less business. 

Such is a brief outline of the work whicli 
is done each day through this institution, 
and shows in a measure the most complete 
system of banking exchange in the world. 


LCdiitHlHitions for this Deimrtment may hp 
Hddresacd to B, P. Kellby. office of The Pen- 
man's Art JoDKNAi.. Uriof educational items 


Students in the University at St. Petersburg 
rebel, and SOO are arrested. 

ludustrial (li-awlng is now tauglit in 201 cities 
and towns in Massachusetts. 

North Carolina has 800,000 acres of swamp 
land to sell for the benefit of her education 

Electa Quinney, the first school teacher in 
what is now the State of Wisconsiu, was a 
Stockbridge Indian, 

Never before has the number of ladies who 
applied for admission to the couini's in gym- 
nged iu the royal central pjrnim- 

ously and not regard this :. 

ously, he will see what the words a 
It is said that the oldest living college grad- 

Vermont in ISlli, aud 
years of age. 

Alluding to the fact that eight colleges have 
been built in Kansas during the past year, the 
Kansas City (Mo.) Star observes: ".This 
sort of thing will go on until the Sunflower 
State will have to import all of its farm-hands 
and kitchen girls from Missouri." 

The Government of Siam has seut six of it-s 

royal line, and the kmg himself will defray 
their expenses. They wul be chaperoned by a 
medical missionarj' located at Bangkok, by 
whom Westminster was recommended. 

Sunday-School teacher: " My little boy, 
can you tell me what is the reward of him who 
follows righteousness." 

Little boy: "He has a chance to become 

Teacher: "What part of speech is 'but' f" 

ui»i...»i. tt i Q,.»> ... _ tonjunction." 

tnean example of it^ 

"Seethe goat but the boy. 'But' 
the goat and the boy." 

Gravitation Lesson . — Teacher : " Now, 
James, what makes the apples fall from tht- 

plored the universe and has proved all things. 

On a leaf from a copy book owned and used 

in youth by Abraham Lincoln is written, in a 

bovish scrawl, the following stanza, supposed 

to "be original with the owner of the book: 

" Abraham Lincoln, 

His hand and pen, 

He will be good, 

But God knows when." 

Young m 

young man 



I understand you wai 
edit your paper." 
sir; have you had any 

t fl 

" Young 

journalism a 
Editor: ' 

desk and go 

aiau: " I have taken one tern 

t Cornell Univei-slty and " 

That will do. You nmy take 
to work and I'll go and run 


elevator, Please be as kind t 
staff as you can." — Judge. 

" You are the twentieth iu the* class. Hans. 
That means you are at the very foot ! " 
1, papa, howca " " - - ■■ 

_,j-e bovs in tl: 


"John." said a New York school teacher to 
a boy who l^d come from the West," you may 
parse the word ' town \" 

•"Town 'is a noun," said Johnny, "future 

" Think again," the teacher interrupted. 
" A noun couldn't be in the future tense." 

" I don't know about towns out here." said 
•Tohnny stoutly, ''but half the towns where I 
came fi-oui ai-e that way." 


A most laborious task— Wheeling, Va. 

A letter is wiser than some people. It never 
attempts to give information till after it has 
l>een posteA.—Binghamton Republican. 

What has become of the old-fashioned man 
who believes in a hell i—Alchinnon Otobe. 
Gone to verify his belief, probably. 

A'woman who favors equal suffrage wants 
to know if it is a crime to be a woman. No, 

THE penm:an's leisure hour. 

When Business is Over There's no Reason why we Penmen Shouldn't Have a Little Fun as Well as Oth 

Way of Having it. (Both Photo-Engraved. t 

er Folk, and this 

but it is not manly. We will say no more. — 
Boston Transcript. 

The coat-tAll flirtation is tbo latest. A 

wrinkled coat-tail, bearing dusty toe marks, 

I have spoken to your father. 

Servant : 

"What's yer 

Visitor ' 

here in the hall i 

Mrs. Joi 

" this clock down 

, und axed them 

Young Miss Wilgus : "Where are you 
going, papa/" 

Rev. Mr. Wilgus : " To the tempeiauce 
meeting. We intend to inaugurate a move- 
ment to save the young men of the coimtry." 

Young Miss Wilens : *' Try and save a real 
nice one for me, will you papa, dear ?" — Rrho- 
both Herald. 

Edward Bellamy has earned $16,000 by 

FIno Draulnif Paper. 

We call special attention to our new roll 
drawing paper. We belie?e that there is 
nothing in the market at thf price that is 
its e(iuttl. This is iu roll 30 inches wide 

and of any length desired. It is specially 
adapted for flourisbing, pen drawing, en- 
grossing and all large specimen work. We 
will put up four yards of this paper on straw- 
board roll and send by express for $1, for 
trial. We prefer not to send it by mail, 
owing to the risk of its getting injured 
Penmen should give it a trial. 

Gcnlnnf Work, Bather. 

Alexander Hamilton once said: "Men 
give me some credit for genius. All the 
genius I have lies in this: When I have a 
subject in hand, I study it profoundly. 
Day and night it is before me. I explore 
it in all its bearings. My mind becomes 
pervaded with it. Then the effort which 
I make the people are please<l to call the 

fruit of genius. It is the fruit ot labor and 


We have carefully examined the electric pen- 
holder advertised by the Electric PcnhoId'T 

- . . P®" draw- 

^. much pleasure to TflB 

readers for two yeai-s past, will be 

The Round Table. 

Odd« nnd l^ndo Proiu all Ab 


t.iitl to the left ha3 
long (loDC duty as 
a symbol of wisdom 
mid niental pro- 
Do you 
/ he comes 
on the 

strength of his looks. I can never look 
nn owl in thtface without thinking: *' O 
you rare old mouse-eating hypocrite ! You 
cannot sing, but of all feathered thin^ 
your voice is the most dismal and forbid- 
ding. You have neither grace of form nor 
grace of flight like the swallow, the 
pigeon or even your nearer relative, the 
hawk. Few of your family wear good 
clothes and the very dandies among you 
are eclipsed by the gorgeous raiment of 
the peacock, the pheasant, the flamingo, 
thp cardinal gros-beak and hundreds of 
others. You dare not even show yourself 
in the beautiful sunlight, but must go 
slinking around, shiveiing and hooting 
under cover of darkness." 

To be sure, our eccentric friend is not 
withont his good points. Imaginative 
writers have used him to advantage from 
remote times. If he were to drop out of 
literatvire there would be some gaps that 
it would be difficult to fill. Besides, he is 
not over garrulous and is content to look 
his wisdom without preaching it, as a 
good many human humbugs do. 

No frailty is commoner to mankind than 
this proneness to preiieh, to lecture, to 
lay down a code of ethics drawn presum- 
ably from the richer experience and en- 
dowments of the preaohei. This crops out 
everywhere. It is all right when the 
preacher knows what he is talking about, 
but he usually doesn't. The anihor of 
"The True Poetical Art; or, How I Write 
my Odes," is not Tennyson, or Swinburne 
or Whittier, but T. Theophilns Pipps, 
whose muse has enriched the columns of 
the Skillettown Regulator. 

Here is a case in point. The article ap- 
pended was published about a year ago in 
a New York monthly magazine of national 
reputation. I have read it since in half a 
dozen rewspapers and it is now going the 
rounds of the commercial school journals. 


It 18 a fundamental truth [in rhetoric] 
that strong thoughts are expressed in few 
and simple words. When the speech is 
profuse and swelling, it is safe to infer 
that the ideas are scanty and shallow. The 
reason for this is obvious; [for] when the 
speaker has something to say worth hear- 
ing, he i» able to rely solely upon its inter- 
est and force, and there is uo occasion to 
try to divert his listeners with splendor or 
prettiness of style. In fact, any attempt 
to overlay a thought with ornament, or 
prevent its immediate apprehension by the 
glamour of an artificial rhetoric, is an im- 
pertinence which is sure to be rebuked by 
the weariness and distaste of all judicious 

If the piinciple that force of thought 
implies simplicity of expression, which is 
acknowledged by rhetoricians as the basis 
of their art, were applied to the ordinary 
speech of these days, we should be forced 
to conclude that we live in an epoch of 
excessive mental weakness. Not only are 
some of our professed public speakers and 
writers, in their speeches nnd clocuments, 
lapMi in the quantity and size of their 
words but men in [their] ordinary conver- 
sation have become equallv /(/'<7Vf/ The 
rhetorical defect of the average orator, 
lectm-er, and puhfidiit, has hern loiiy since 
tracfd to its true cause,— the habit of 
spcerhifying, Uctu ing, and writing with- 
oiii rtiftrough knowledge of the subjects 
Aiun>.i:uire of words with them often sup- 
'111 srareity of ideas. 

I I'lusent unsatisfactory style of con- 
vM-di..ii 18 fiho oxeintj to uieagemcss of 
ihought. One of the results of the gen- 
eral progress of the age, of which we have 
so good reason to be proud, is u "reat in- 
crease of tidkers. Evervooe nowadays 
being a reader of a daily newspaper, aiid 
therefore versed thoroughlv, as he thinks 
in all political, social, literary, artistic, and 

financial subjects, ventures to express an 
opinion upon them. The riffieamry 
conMiiuenff is a great deal of igno- 
rant talk, or many words empty of 
thought. Before these happy days 
of universal information, the great 
niajoiify of men and women knew, and 
professed to know, only what immediately 
concerned their daily life. Of this they 
had a thorough knowledge, and they 
opened their mouths solely for the pur- 
jiose of conveying it. They accordingly 
spoke in a few direct words to the pur- 
pose. You might in those times get from 
the cobbler, for example, some facts, smi- 
ply uttered, about leather; or learn from 
the housewife the processes of pickling, 
clearly expressed ; but nowadays you must 
necessarily "sink the shop," and cord- 
wainer and dame must only be questioned 
upon the aff)>jrs of state and manners of 
society. You get words in answer, but 
console yourself for want of ideas with the 
proud reflection that knowledge is becom- 
ing universal. 

thought, that anyone who indulges in a 
profusion of large and inapplicable words 
will he sure to incur the suspicion of ig- 
norance and mental weakness. All, there- 
fore, [but] the young especially, should set 
a watch on their li]t», and avoid extravn- 

Dear, dear I I am no "stickler" for 
flne-spun grammatical distinctions. The 
chief glory of any language is in its ideoms ; 
but wouldn't it be as well for the doctor 
to take a dose of his own medicine and 
stop "speechifying, etc., without thorough 
knowledge of his subject ? " 

The brackets above are used to indicate 
some entirely superfluous words, and the 
italics to emphasize even more serious 
offences against the purity of the mother 
tongue. Suppose we glance at a few of 

The title is a misfit to begin with, and 


Title Page of Artistic Menu, Made in The Jodbnal Offict 

The adjectives quoted ( ' ' splendid " 
" magnificent," etc.) are good, strong En- 
glish words. When misapplied they may 
be "exaggerating" words, but are they 

The tendency to conceal poverty of ideas 
by an opulent show of words is greatly to 
be deplored; and also that those intense 
expressions, "splendid," "magnificent," 
' ' awful, " "delightful, " ' ' frightful, " 
"horrible," " charming," " superb," 
"fine." "delicious," etc., etc., are so 
much more frequently used by women than 
by men. It would appear «« if the critical 
faculty of some women iraa restricted to 
the superlative degree, and that their 
taste, whether in regard to what is ma- 
terial, spiritual, or intellectual, conmsted 
only in the indiscriminate of certain 
loud sounding adjectives. Thus they will 
speak of a " splendid " ice cream, a 
"sweet" prayer, a "magnificent" tart, 
a "frightful" bonnet, a "delicious" ser- 
mon, an " awful" tine man, and a "pretty" 
stutue. These and othei equally exagger- 
ated words are applied, without apparently 
attaching any precise meaning to them. 
Thinking [however] that something must 
be said expressive of sentiment or emotion, 
the first loud-sounding word which rises to 
the lips is allowed to gush out. 

Precision of language is so much the 
proper accompaniment of exactness of 

is an example of the very fault which the 
writer seeks to remedy. It gives no real 
idea of the subject matter, and would ap- 
ply just as well to a criticism of a picture 
as to a criticism of language. 
" Lavish "— " equally tiieraL" 
A " publicist " is an expert in interna- 
tional law. The word has ao other mean- 

"Supplies a scarcity" is decidedly re- 
fresh ing. 

"The necessary consequence;" but 
isn't the consequence precisely not nec^- 
mry, though it may be inevitable f Per- 
haps in plain EngHsh it ia only natural or 

" A great deal of talk' 
a " big hunk of talk; " at 
it is rather difficult toreali 
can be " ignorant." 

•■As if- " wiLs 

their'" "consisted.' 

this sentence. 

is better than 
the same time 
; how " talk " 

Try to parse 

At a time when " language purists " are 
torturing their invention for means of 
checking ihe corrupting influence of slang, 
it is worth while to read an article like 
the above, for the humor of it. Most 
slang words have at least the merit of 
being expressive, while such stuff as we 
have quoted does not even rise to the 
dignity of pedantry. It is almost bad 
enough to have justified the impertinence 
of cutting it out and sending it to the 
magazine that printed it, with comments 
as above, and this explanatory note; 

Dear Editor: The article appended is 
from a recent issue of a leading magazine, 
in which the writer is interested to the 
extent of buying one copy each month— 
and paying for it. It is respectfully sub- 
mitted as an "awful example " of the ex- 
travagant and singularly inappropriate use 
of English words; of awkward, infel- 
icitous, slovenly and vicious forms of ex- 
pressing ideas. In the entire article there 
is not one clear-cut, unobjectionable En- 
glish sentence. Very respectfully, etc.- 

In due course of time the Editor returns 
it, gravely expressing his regrets that it is 
" unavailable." 

Drawbacks of Jthymlna. 

Now here is a different kind of lecture. 
It isn't even in the form of a lecture, but 
wholesome advice crops out of every sen- 
tence. Says Dr. Oliver Wendell Holmes 
in the At/antic: 

"I wrote not long ago to an unknown 
young corrcopondent, who had a longing 
for seeing himself in verse, but was not 
hopelessly infatuated with the idea that 
he was born a ' poet.' ' When you write 
in prose,' I said, 'you say what you meat). 
When you write in verse you say what you 
'"««/.' I was thinking more especially of 
rhymed versG. Rhythm alone is a tether, 
and not a very long one. But rhymes are 
iron fetters; it is dragging a chain and 
ball to march under their incumbrance; it 
is a clog-dance you are figuring in, when 
you execute your metrical pas sent. Con- 
sider under what a disadvantage your 
thinking powers are laboring when you 
a-e handicapped by the inexorable de- 
mands of our scanty English rhyming 
vocabulary ! You want to say something 
about the heavenly bodies, and you have 
a beautiful line ending with the word 
at^ra. Were you writing in prose, your 
imagination, your fancy, your rhetoric, 
your musical car for the harmonies of 
language, would all have full play. But 
there is your rhyme fastening you by the 
leg, and you must either reject the line 
which pleases you, or you must whip your 
hobbling fancy and all your limping 
thoughts into tlie traces which are iiitched 
to one of three or four or half a dozen ser- 
viceable words. You cannot make any 
use of ears, I will suppose; you have no 
occasion to talk about scars; 'the red 
planet Mars ' has been used already ; Dib- 
din has said enough about the gallant tars ; 
what is there left for you hut bara? So 
you give up your trains of thought, capitu- 
late to necessity, and manage to lug in 
some kind of allusion, in place or out of 
place, which will allow you to make u^e 
of bars. Can there be imagined n more 
certain process for breaking up all con- 
tinuity of thought, for taking out all the 
vigor, all the virility, which belongs to 
natural prose as the vehicle of strong, 
graceful, spontaneous thought, than this 
miserable subjugation of intellect to the 
clink of well or ill-matched syllables ? " 

A. T Stewart aa a l-enmanshtp Tear/ier. 
Many of Tke JotrnNAL readers, I fancy, 
will be surprised to learn that A. T. Stew- 
art, the old Merchant Prince, was once a 
ifncher of penmanship. This is from a 
recent issue of the New York Wor/d : 

The story of A. T. Stewart's early life 
in Ireland and in America, as it has come 

down t« this geDcr&tioii, is mude up of 
nearly equal parts uf Tuct and fictioD. It 
i.i conceded that be had a fair knowledge 
of Latin and Greek, having been sent to a 
classical school oy his pareuts, who in- 
tended him to be a clergyman. But it is 
by no means clearly established that he 
was a student in Trinity College, Dublin 
He was born in 1802. He came to the 
United States in 1823, and the tradition 
goes that he found employment as an as- 
sistant teacher of the classics. An old 
gentleman who remembers the seminary of 
learning in which Stewart taught says it 
was merely a school for penmanship, and 
that it was " pothooks '" and not Greek 
roots that Stewart taught to the young 
New Yorkers of nearly seventy years ago. 

" You would never suppose," said this 
old citizen of Manhattan, " from Stewart's 
hand-writing that he had been an expert 
with the pen. It was a jumble of letters, 
but, when he signed the name of the firm, 
the formation of nearly every character 
gave traces of the old writing-master." 

Cifltized Man to t/te f«W/<-IPorm, Dr. 

It is a rather singular thought that the 
earth would not be worth living on but 
for the lowly earth-worm. Scientists tell 
us that they work over the entire sur- 
face of the earth once in about eight years. 
The Great Darwin spent years in observ- 
ing these little animals and devoted hun- 
dreds of piiges to telling of their habits 
and the debt man owes them. He e&ti- 
m.ited that worms, by swallowing earth 
for the sake of the vegetable matter 
it contains and forming castings, bring to 
the surface as much as ten tons of earth 
per annum on an acre. Worms are great 
promoters of vegetation by borine, perfor- 
ating and loosening the soil, and render- 
ing it pervious' to rains and the fibers of 
plants, by drawing straws and stalks of 
leaves and twigs into it, and most of all 
by throwing up such infinite niunbers of 
lumps of earth called worm casts, which 
form a fine manure for grain and grass. 
The earth without worms would soon be- 
come cold, hardbound and void of fer- 
mentation, and consequently sterile; this 
occurred in many cases where the worms 
have been either accidentally or inten- 
tionally destroyed, and the fertility of the 
soil thus lost has only been restored when 
the worms had again collected and re- 
sumed their fertilizing work. 

Giilta Fereha and indln tlnbtirt; 

India rubber and gutta percha aic sup- 
posed by many people to be the same gum 
differently treated. This is a mistake. 
Gutta percha is the gum of the gutta-tree 
and IS found only iu the East Indies. It 
is of a blown color and solidifies on expos- 
ure to the air. 

Rubber-trees are found in different 
parts of the world, and are of many spe- 
cies. Stanley reports great quantities of 
them in the Congo forest. If thise turn 
out according to expectation they will 
give a tremendous impetus to tht work of 
civilizing the dark continent. 

Counting them as an unknown quantity 
the tree that yields far the best and 
largest proportion of the elastic gum is 
indiginous to South America. The forests 
of Brazil are particularly rich in these 
trees and vast quantities of the gum are 
shipped from Para, the chief Brazilian 
city after Rio. 

To guard against a possible failure of 
the supply the British Government have 
made strenuous efforts to introduce the 
culture of this tree ( VitKtiUoa flasticn) into 
Ceylon and elsewhere in their Eastern pos- 
sessions. So rapidly do the seeds dry that 
only 2500 out of UO.OOO sent from Brazil 
« ere fit to plant. These were sown and 
the young shoot"- appeared with such as- 
tonishing rapidity that in a few days some 
of them were 18 inches high. In two 
mouths a small quantity of ginn of excel 
lent quality was obtained from some of 
them. There seems to be uo doubt that 



The fruit of this tree resembles a green 
pear. Sometimes the seed, resembling a 
coffee-berry in shape, germinate in the 
pulp that surrounds them, so great is their 

The process of extracting the gum is by 
an incision in the tree, much in the same 
manner '.hat maple-sugar and turpentine 
are extracted. 

Everybody knows to what infinite uses 
rubber is put, and these appear to be in- 
creasing daily. 

A WaUta-in rount,-y 

We were talking last month about some 
geographical peculiarties of Uncle Sam's 
farm. Who imagined that there existed 
in it an area as large as the State of Dela- 

;il.le that such a tribe could hiive cxiste 1 
in this mountain country without their 
presence becomine known to the white 
men, no man has ever ascertained that it 
did not exist. White men, too. have only 
vague accoiiDts of any white man having 
ever passed through this country, for in- 
vestigation of all the claims of travelers 
has invariably proved that Ihey have only 
traversed its outer edges. 

The most generally accepted theory in 
regard to this country, is that it con- 
sisted of great valleys, stretching from the 
inward slopes of the mountains to a great 
central basin. The theory is supported by 
the fact that, although the country round 
has abundant rain and clouds constantly 
hang over the mountain tops, all the 
streams flowing toward the four points are 
insignificant, and rise only on the outward 


^ f ] 1 Gffcnra oL. <^\-Lc\a 
&amzxL\ <sDzxoO, 

Jnbranam ^arrisor?, 
&obn C^ifrinq. 
' 0.OaMai<sn!if\nc\<x'notr. 
^tbtn rii ©. e) rem a i rpc, 
\ e3an?c5e'.<a5arrin. 

ml A - c- 

Cna Acs ^!^ 1 im i n q . 

Page of Arfistic Mean, Made in The Journal Ogict 

ware, so completely fenced in by Nature 
as to be inaccessible? 

Washington, says the Seattle PreM, has 
her great unknown land, like the interior 
of Africa. The country shut in by the 
Olympic mountains, which includes an 
area of about 2,000 miles sijuare, has 
never, to the positive knowledge of old 
residents of the Territory, been trodden by 
the foot of man, white or Indian. These 
mountains rise .'rom the level country, 
within ten or fifteen miles of the Straits of 
San Juan de Fuca (.SV(« Whan de Fool-a] in 
the north, the Pacific ocean in the west, 
Hood's canal in the east, and the basio of 
the Quinault [Kefiw] Lake in the south, 
and rising to the height of 0,000 or 8,000 
feet, shut in a vast imexplored urea. 

The Indians have never penetrated it, 
for their traditions say that it is inhabited 
by a fierce tribe which none of the coast 
tribes dared molest. Though it is improb- 

slopes of the range, none appearing to 
drain the great lakes shut in by the moun- 
tains. This fact appears to support the 
theory that streams flowing from the inner 
slopes of the mountains feed a great inter- 
ior lake. But what drains this lake? It 
must have an outlet somewhere, and, as alt 
the streams pouring from the mountains 
rise in their outward slopes, it must have 
a subterranean outlet to the oce:m, the 
straits or the sound. There are great dis- 
coveries in store for some of Washington's 

The saying that " blood will tell " \i as 
old as the hills. Sometimes it seems to be 
true and sometimes it doesn't. One is 
pretty safe, though, in asserting that brains 
will tell. This rarely fails. The Z>r;H«(T«/, 
Dover, N. H., sees a pretty romance in the 
announcement that the four leading ICdison 
companies are to cousoHdute into one gen- I 
eral electric company, with a capital of ■ 

*I2,000,000. What a proof this gives of 
the value of first-class human braina! 
Here is a business aggregation that springB 
from the ineenious wit of one man. A few 
years jigo Thomas Edison was a poor and 
obscure telegraph operator. To day, by 
devising machinery of advantage to the 
human race, he is a millionaire, and the 
means by which others acquire immense 
wealth. Yet no one is injured. The new 
fortunT^a come from traits of observation 
and mechanical wit that lay hid in the 
brain of one poor wise man. There ore 
mines of the mind that are richer than any 
iu the mountains, and more precious gems 
Ho hidden there than can be dug from the 
rocks or washed from the streams of the 

RMing by Rnit Haifa rmtut't/ Aao. 

We have progressed. If you doubt it, 
read the following graphic account (author 
unknown) of a railroad trip in the early 
days of laud travel by steam: 

It is some fifty three years since the 
t5r8t trip was taken on the Albany and 
Schenectady Railroad. The cars were 
coach bodies from an Albauv livery stable, 
mounted on trucks. The trucka were 
coupled with chains, leaving two or three 
feet slack, so that when the train started 
the passengers were "jerked from under 
their hats." aud in stopping they 
were sent flying to their seats. The loco 
motive fuel was pitch-pine, and a dense 
volume of the blarkest smoke floated to- 
ward the train. Those on top of the coaches 
had to raise their umbrelliw, but in leas 
than a mile the cloth was burned off and 
the frames thrown away. The passengers 
spent the rest of the time in whipping 
each other's clothes to put out the fire, the 
sparks from which were as big as one's 
thumb-nail. Everybody had heard of the 
trip and came thronging to the track as 
though a presidential candidate was on 
exhibition. They drove as close as they 
could get to the railroad in order to secure 
a place to look at this new curiosity. 
The horses everywhere took fright, and the 
roads in the vicinity were strewn with the 
wrecks of vehicles. At first the old stage 
custom of "booking" passengers — en- 
tering their names — prevailed, but it 
fell into disuse. One list reads: "Boy, 
Lady, Stranger, Friend, Whiskers." A, 
Boston paper said that a railroad to that 
city would be as useless as one to the 
moon. A member of the Massachusetts 
Legislature opposed it on the ground that 
nobody ever heard of such a thing, and it 
would be improper to take people's land 
for a project that no one knew about. 

ScUntiftc Xotea. 

The followmg items are from Ifotcii and 

QvcrifH, Manchester, N. H., one of the 

most interesting publications that come to 

The Journal office; 

Most iron bars, such as form the vertical 
bars of windows, or of picket fences, &c., 
or any irou bar in a vertical position, that 
has stood perpendicularly for some time, 
will be found to have become magnetic. 

Any bar of soft iron, suspeodcd suffi- 
ciently long in the air, will become mag- 
netic, and no matter in what position 
it has been- balanced it will eventually 
ni*sumc a north and south direction. 

If a bar, devoid of magnetism, is placed 
with one end on the ground, slightly in- 
clined toward the north, and then struck 
one sharp blow with a hammer upon its 
upper end it will immediately acquire po- 
larity and exhibit the attractive and re- 
pellant properties of a magnet. 

Arsenic can readily and infallibly be de- 
tected by heating the suspected powder 
or substance. If arsenic is present it vapor- 
izes with a strong garlic odor, a property 
not possessed by any other metal. 

If a living human body is stretched on 
a board and then perfectly pivoted it will 
assume a north and south positir>u. This 
faculty becomes lost after death, and will 
gradually lessen as the body grows cold and 
rigid. This would be a good test of death 
actually li'ivint' <-\ in This experiment 
was rr]M ii.lh In,, I ,t Paris some years 
back. \\ ! ii ■ |i -.Mth our heads to 
the iinitli, II, I rM>i impossible that 
death ((julil hr_ ji, nh. taitr in that position. 

You will not forget that we are all to 
dine together next month. The jiienu de- 
signs on this and the preceding page are 
to sharpen your appetite. If you haven't 
already contributed your dish, send it in 
at once, or it will be too late. 

For July, I suggest a general talk about 
animals, natural history, &c. Every 
Joi'KNAi. reader is invited to contribute. 
If evei-yono would tell the curioiw, un- 
usual things that he knows about birds, 
beasts, Jic, by observation or reading, it 
would make a very interesting chapter. 
Letters must be in by June 1. 


PENMAN'S Art Journal 

niahed on application. No advn-lixements 
taken for less than |2, 

Svbacription : One year t 

No frtt samples except to bona fii 
subscriber*, to aid them 

agents who 
taking ai^scripU 

York, May, 1890. 



''IH;:;' V 

- ;.,.J 


HoKes or A 

of J'UplU U u 











Give yourself plenty of time to think it 
over and let me hear from you. Perhaps 
it would be well for you to lay out a 
skeleton plan, if you couclude to under- 
take the work, and submit it. 
Very truly yours, 

D. T. Ames. 

After half a dozen letter to and fro. 
growing out of the above, the following 
extract from a letter from Prof. Crandle 
conveys all informution necessary to be 
stated at this time: 

" I am glad that you approve the general 
plan of the lessons as outlined by .me in a 
former letter. Your liberal offer of com- 
pensation is entirely satisfactory. 

' ' I shall give you the very best I have — 
the best that has come to me from many 
years' experience lu handling large classes 
and in teaching by mail, a phase of _iu- 
struction that I have made a specialty of 
with peculiarly gratifying results. 

"I will have copy both for text and 
engraving in your hand in good time for 

nouncemcnt of tlie :iasoci;itiou's next 
meeting. As well us can be judged 
nearly three months in advance, the at- 
tendance will be larger than usual. No 
more inviting place of meeting than 
Lake Chautauqua could have been found, 
and the additional inducement of the 
Chautauqua Assembly, which begins just 
where the B. E. A. leave off, will doubt- 
less have its influence. 

In looking over the programme, it will 
be observed that the executive committee 
and The Journal are in full accord with 
respect of the "section" meetings. There 
will be no more division of forces such as 
undoubtedly weakened interest in the 
proceedings at the past two or three meet- 
ings. The new arrangement provides for 
a division of the day to accommodate the 
several sections, and every person has the 
opportunity of being present during the 
proceedings of all the sections. 

It is yet a little early to definitely an- 
nounce the general exercises. The com- 

a very successful teacher in classical and 
commercial schools : 

"To make a long story very short, in 
my judgment the only way to prove to the 
business community that we, the business 
college educators of America, teach busi- 
ness writing in the schools is to send out 
specimen ' bricks ' to them. When a uht 
chant advertises for help or applies to h 
business college for a young man, nini- 
times out of ten he demands good business 
writing as essential. He of course ex- 
pects him to have other (lualifications 
equally important, such as good busiufss 
habits, application, industry, integrity and 
ability to do general office work acceptably 
ond with a reasonable degree of dispatch. 
He must also be able to assist on the books. 
These qualifications imply good business 
peumanship, spelling, letter writing, ac- 
count keeping, accuracy. If the young man 
has these qualifications the merchant does 
not care a straw how or where he acquired 
his knowledge. 





PK(JF. C. N. CKANDLE, N. I. Normal 
College, Dixon, 111. 
My Deab Sir : I want to arrange for a 
series of lessons in writing to be published 
in The Penman's Art Journal begin- 
ning with the June number. Having had 
good opportunities of observing your 
methods of teaching, both in the school- 
room and by correspondence, and the re- 
sults that have grown out of such instruc- 
tion. I feel confident that if your engage- 
ments permit, you will be able to supply 
what I want. And this is just what I 

A course of lessons as brief as possible 
without sacrificing thoroughness that will 
go straight home to a young person strug- 
gling to improve his handwriting. They 
must be free from perplexing technicali- 
ties, so that the only things requisite to 
a complete understanding of them shall 
be (1) ability to read; {%) ability to hold 
a pen. They must be free from all en- 
tanglements of "system" and from ex- 
perimental appliances, so that they will 
not antagonize the class work of any 
writing teacher. In short, these lessons 
must be so constructed that while giving 
the simplest, most practical, most thorough 
mstruction that it is possible to give with- 
out personal contact, they will at the same 
time serve an equally useful purpose to the 
studente in our business colleges and writ- 
ing schools, as an auxiliary to the personal 
instruction they receive. But (I cauuot 
state it too strongly) the author nuist hold 
continually in his eye the boy and girl who 
ore denied the advantages of personal m- 
struction and are struggling to acquire a 
good handwriting as a means of giving 
them a lift in life. 

Now, the first question is, can you do this? 
To meet my expectations, it will claim a 
large share of your time and much hard 
work. You cannot do it" between times." 
Nothing but the best will satisfy me. Of 
course you will have to be paid for your 
services— and paid well- but don't attempt 
it unless you are in a position to give to 
every detail all the time, the thought and 
the painstaking that the importance of 
such an undertaking demands. ^1, 

Fimt Purufjraph by M.Dawson, Second by D. J. Quinlan, Third by George R. Scott, all Stiidents at Bryant's Colhge, Chicago. 
These Were Not Intended for Reproduction. See Accom2>anifing Comment. (Photo Engraved.) 

the June number, when you say you wish 
to start. The lessons will speak for them- 

And so they will. 

No DOUBT every Journal reader has one 
or more friends who would like to have 
the benefit of such a course of lessons as 
is outliced above. It would be a favor to 
such persons to inform them of this op- 
portunity and no less a favor to us. Those 
who wish to follow the course should be- 
gin at the beginning, and incur no risk of 
missing a number. We have had much 
trouble on this score in connection with 
the series of lessons by Prof. Hoff, which 
closed last month. Many did not leam 
of the course until it was lialf finished, 
and others who did know put off subscrib- 
ing. The result is many broken sets. 
We cannot supply single issues of any 
number containing these lessons from 
April, when they begun, to November, in- 
clusive. By picking up an odd copy bore 
and there recently, we have been able to 
put together a few complete sots, the 
price of which has advanced to 1(1.50 
without premium. It is not likely that 
they will be long foi sale at any price. 
The best way is to subscribe regularly, as 
we shall carry very few back numbers in 

The B. E. A. executive committee else- 
n this issue make the official an- 

mjttee are looking around and perfecting 
this part of the programme. They have 
enough in sight to promise features in this 
line quite as attractive as in former years, 
and perhaps more so. Besides addresses 
by leading members of the Association a 
requisition on the distinguished Chautau- 
qua lecturers will introduce a new and de- 
sirable feature. The section officers have 
been judiciously selccteJ and there is every 
promise of a good meeting 

last month of a^specimen 
of business writing by bank-teller Ash- 
burner, a graduate of Enton & Burnett's 
Bus. College, Baltimore, the statement 
was made that : 

"The specimen is particularly interest- 
ing as commg from a department of an 
institution where fi-rm and appearance are 
considered of more importance than speed." 

The institution referred to is of course 
the bank, not the college. There's nothing 
slow about Brother Eane or Brethren 
Eaton and Burnett, either in the writing 
department or anywhere else in their pros- 
perous school. 

Apropos of "business writing " and the 
comments thereon m recent issues of The 
Journal, we quote from a letter from 
C. C. Cochran, of Bryant's Bus. Col- 
lege, Chicajjo, whom the editor has known 
for years as a man of wide information and 

" Now, I claim that the student must be 
able to write a good business hand before 
he takes a position in the counting-house 
for this sort of work. Hence business col- 
leges must not only teach business pen- 
manship, but produce good business 
writers ready for the market, else they 
fail to meet the reasonable expectations of 
the merchant, and no business college stu- 
dents need apply. 

' ' That is to say no business college need 
recommend young people who are unable 
to write a good business hand for office 
work or accounts to an intelligent mer- 
chant with the expectation that they can 
do acceptable service for they will surely 
fail, and bring the whole business into 
more or less odium in the business world. 
It will not do to say to the merchant: 
* This young man has a good foundation ; 
he has good form and movement and will 
make a good business writer by practice.' 
A business man is too busy to make a 
schoolroom or practice-room out of the 
counting house. lie can tind some one 
having the present qualifications and such 
a one will get the place every time. Of 
course he will improve in speed afterwards 
and degenerate more or less in leijibility. 

"Good business penmanship embraces, 
legibility, speed, unifoimity. The speed 
of a merchant's clerk, to commence, should 
be at least an average of twenty-five 
words per minute of clean legible writing, 
with absolutely correct results. 


"Clin business colleges bring the grade 
tip to this point? Yes; in most cases in 
from six months to a year, dcpcDtling 
upon the qimlificntions before commenc- 
ing and the tact and applicntion of the 
student, and the zeal and ability of the 
teachers afterwards. 

" The policy of the scliool that I am now 
connected with is to recommend no 
students to the business community except 
competent ones, and one of the chief points 
is ability to write a good business hand — 
a hand that is established nnd shows 
maturity and ripeness. We accomplish 
this in the time named above and in scores 
of cases in girls and boys of sixteen and 
cveD in some cases fifteen years of age. 
I inclose you scvenil samples which will 
ind'.cate to you the grade that we find in- 

in the minds of many business iiifii it* to 
the ability of business schools to turn out 
business penmen.'" 

Of the specimens received fram thi* 
school we have engraved several. The 
first is by a former student, now assistant 
penman. A. I>. Skeels (Mr. McLachlau 
himself is head penman). The second is 
by T. L. Staples, a graduate of three years 
ago. now teacher of mathematics. His 
speed is stated at from 40 to 45 words a 
minute. George Thompson is a late gradu- 
ate. Willerton Toung is just passing out 
of his tifteenth year and has been in the 
school since September. He is said to 
have a speed of 37 words a minute. Hugh 
Lamont has been engaged in office work 
since his graduation, two years ago. 

We wish to repeat here the invitation 
before given for business schools to send a 
specimen of the kind of writing they use 
for copies, and a specimen embodying the 
same matter from some graduate who 

fine printing. The old soft-uictal photo- 
engraved plates are as much out of date 
to-day as the old stage coach. No other 
process begins lo give the results that are 
obtained by improved methods of zinc- 
etching. Besides being much finer and 
cleaner, these plates, if properly made, 
have the additional advantage of being 
deeper and twice as durable. We have 
worked some of these cuts containing 
delicate hair-lines for from 15,000 to 
50.000 impressions without electrotyping, 
and the last impression was as clear as the 
first. Uf course, though, where so great a 
uumber of impressions is required, it is 
safer to use an electrotype and so preserve 
the original intact. 

The cost of making the improved zinc- 
etched plate is a trifle more than that of 
the ordinary photo-engraved plate, but it 
is mighty poor economy to try to save 
money in this way. The difference may 

The Kind of Writing Our Business Colleges Teach for Business. 

■c^^^^t^A y 


^^-:^^^ .<^i^'^>:^ .^^i^^^ -^^^^^^^^^^^ 

SpeeimetKS Ft-om the Canada Business College, C'Aafham, Ont See Accompanying Ea^lanation. tPhoto-Enffraved.) 

variably satisfactory to business men for 
ordinary purposes. They were not written 
for the occasion. They are samples of the 
every day work of our students in the 
finishing grade of the school— average 
samples. I can send you much better 
ones, but they would be above the aver- 

We have had a few lines from several of 
these specimens photo-engraved and pre- 
sent them elsewhere. Further comment 
is not necessary. 

Another live teacher, D. Mi'Lachlan, 
principal and proprietor of the Canada 
Bus. College, Chatham, Ont., writes: 

"I think The JonnsAL is making a 
move in the right direction, and no doubt 
the result of its illustrations will do much 
toward dispelling the doubt which exists 

learned from the same Hti/U o 
copy and hts been in butrine 

Full particulars of the scheme are giveo 
in the February Jocbnal, but the italicized 
words above give the most imjiortani part 
of it. It is not likely that hereafter we 
shall be able to give more than one speci- 
men of each kind from a school. 

Thesr tiUESTloNS, taken from a recent 
letter, have been asked so many limes that 
a general answer seems in place : 

(1.) Why is it that my cuts don't show up 
smooth and clean like youre in The Journal 
and in your catalogues i 

ti.) If I buy the cuts from jou will you toko 
the order for printing my eirculars (or letter- 
heads, &c. , as the case may be. ) f 

To the first : The cuts are not first-class, 
or they have not been properly handled, or 
the paper and ink used in printing are not 
suitable. It is not only imiK)rtant, but es- 

vary from one lo three cents a sijuare inch, 
according to the size of the plate. Take a 
plate 4x5 inches, for instance, and the 
maximum difference would not exceed 
fifty cents. Yet there are people who, in 
trying lo save this fifty cents, lose five 
dollars easily in the difference of valu-^ 
between the two kinds of plate. 

Another thing to be home in mind is 
that a fine plate cannot be made from 
poor copy, no matter what the process. 
An expert may in some cases touch up in- 
different copy so that it will give a good 
effect, but weak broken lines will not 
come out smooth, sharp and continuous on 
the plate any more than water wit! rise 
above its level. Almost any kind of a 
dark mark will leave «oi>ie kind o/' a linr 
on the plate, so that almost any copy will 
make some kind of an engraving. The 
average engraver, therefore, will make a 
plate of anything that may be sent him, 
and argues that he has done bis duty 
when he has made as good a plate as an 

txpiTt could reasonably expect from the 
copy. But the difficulty istbat the patron 
is usually not an expert and has expected 
something better. Result: He throws 
away the plate in disgust and loses what 
it cost him, or he puts it in his circular 
and loses very much more than the on- 
engraving bill. 

This applies with just as much force to 
the printing of his circulars — press work, 
paper, ink. Skilled labor and good ma- 
terial are simply indispensable. How 
ridiculous to try to attract trade by 
slovenly, smudgy advertising literature 
printed on cheap paper. Such efforts 
prouppose both lack of culture and lack 
of sense on the part of those whose 
patronage it is hoped to attract. It would 
be just at sensible for a merchant to send 
around samples of rancid butter to his 
neighbors in the hope ol securing their 

In answer to question number 3: The 
.louitNAi, has no priniins; plant and does 
not care to take orders for printing. We 
occasionally do have orders executed for 
our friends as a simple matter of accom- 
modation, when their local facilities are not 
eipial to fine work. In that case, we put 
out the order just as we do our own — give 
it to printcis who understand their buai- 
with instructions to do the work as it 
should be done. If they fail, the work 
must be done over, and the loss falls on 
them. Of course, we take pains to get 
the lowest market price, but never seek a 
reduction at the expense of first-class \tork. 

As we said, it is no object to us to 
handle orders lor printing. There are 
good printing estabhshments in most of 
our large cities and in many towns. Our 
friends, Kinsley & Stephens, of Shenan- 
doah, Iowa, are turning out good work 
ami are reliable people to deal with. But 
wherever you get the work done, whoever 
may do it, the important consideratiou is 
that it shall be first-class as to material and 
execution. Nothing short of that will 
meet the demands of a discriminating and 
intelligent public. 

Editor op Tub Journal: 

Can you tell me where and liow I can 
get copies of April and November, 1889 

[No, we would like to get some for our- 
selves of any of the following issues, 1889: 
April, May, June, September, November. 

PrleiidN That Con 

^ (It that 
. aiick. 

1 1 ley ap- 

biis. Coll., and A. MeDahiel, Prairla L«a,' 
Texas, ColicKi 
It will lii-s< 
have i...t I"- 
heartily .-t- r 
paper "II. iM-.' 
toUtlmn III.' 
Kratutati'iiiv . 
tile profesiioii 

SliadlDe-Pen Work. 

When " automatic " or " shRdine-i«?n " work 
is mentioned, one instantly thinks of C. E. 
Jones, of Uhicogu, who does more of this kind 

colors of these S|ir. HI 

„:,.M..,. .,n,^; 

ttppearanc* of u ■^. i 

selves prufirk-iit irj ii 

i.,.MM 1, ..( II,.. art which 

hos un (.■v.T-t.'riiuinu- 

ii-i.j..,ii v.ilueror or- 

V. U L^ or the highest 

imporlain'. tiiii i[i. 
andlinulii ir, .:■]■,> :, 

ink lisinI should Iks clear 
.1 .1 ttiu prrjper constitu- 

\'<:k will bo muddy and 

1. . ii.nv Hklllfully done. 
p-.'i't in making this 

ink. \v. 

hi. -.ft] hamplesof his 

h. ,it-ea-4 to color. If 

1 . .i.ythingatall, it is 

r else a promise dwelLi; 

'■y-f?-|->"'^»«'i" Joult^rei 


E GOOD enough, kind friends who 
have responded to our request for 
photographs, to aceopt THE JOCB- 
best liow, P<^ssiblyyou think 
at a trifle roomy; but at least 
a deal better than to have to 
stagger under an abnormally enlarged 
u. Those who have seut photos 
during the month are P. E. Cook, 
Stockton, Cal., Bus. Coll. ; R. E. 
Morriss, 6. A. R. Memorial Col- 
;e, Oberliu, Kan., and J. W. 
Joneo, Osmans, Ohio, penman, postmaster and 
author of love sonnets. The initial above is by 
C. M. WeiDBr, South Whitley, lud. 

— The EvPTtiriff R'isconstn, Milwaukee, men- 
tions R. C. Spencer as a promising Congres- 
Htonal candida'e on the Republican ticket. He 
had been warmly urged to become a candidat*- 
for Mayor on the citizen's ticket, but declined. 
Col. Spencer is a man of brains with the cour- 
age of his convictions, of fine presence and ad- 
dress, a bard worker and a ready debater. In 
honoring him the citizens of Milwaukee would 
be doing the greatest honor to themselves. 

— Now that the migratory seaison has opened 
it is pretty hard work keeping track of our 
penmanship teacheis, but this is nothing to 
what it will be next fall, when the new school 
year opens. The Journal will be glad to 
have notice of a change made by any member of 
the fraternity as a matter of interesting infor- 

— W. L. McCulJoh has become a member of 
the faculty of the National Bus. College, Roa- 
noke, Va. He is an easy, fluent penman. 

—J. H. Osborne has assumed control of the 
penmanship department of the Capital Bus. 
College, Austin, Texas. Pi-incipal Neumann 
writes that his work is highly satisfactory. We 
have received some very pretty photographic 
advertising cards from this school. 

—J. F. Jewell is teaching writing and other 
branches in the public schools of Painesvilie, 
Ohio. Judging from |iis letters he seems to be 
a worthy successor of E. L. Wiley. 

— G. E. Weaver, a giaduate of Zaner, has 
opened a studio of r>enmanship and art at Mt. 
Morris, III. There is considerable of the 
Zanerian fei'vor in his work. 

— G. Millmau, who two or three months 
since opened the Raleigh, N, C . , Business Col- 
lege, has disappeared suddenly, and we loarn 
quite unexpectedly. The citizens of that en- 
terprising community, however, are not dis- 
coui-aged in theii- efFoi-ts to establish a reputable 
school of busine^. They have engaged the 
sei"vices of Mr, J. E. Matheny as manager. 
He is assisted by a board of dii-ectoi-s. com- 
posed of half a dozen leading citizens, with 
N. B. Broughton as president. Mr. Matheny 
has been engaged for some time past in direct- 
ing the shorthand depai-tmeut of the Smithdeal 
Bus. Coll., Richmond, Va. We are informed 
that negotiations are in progress looking t-) 
securing the services of Mr. Smithdeal for the 
Raleigh Institution. 

—A. J. Dalrymple, whose work has been 
shown in these columns, transfers his services 
from the Kort Smith. Ark. Com. CoU.. to the 
Western College of Commerce, Menominee, 
Mich. His place is filled by L. M. Thomburgh. 
whose connection with the Richmond. Ind.. 
Bus. Coll. is well known. Prin. Neale of the 
Fort Smith College is highly pleased at this 
accession to his faculty. 

—The class of '89 ot the B. & S. Bus. Coll., 
Providence, R. I., held their first animal 
reunion on April 9th. A particularly cute in- 
vitation was issued, copy of which we have re- 
ceived through the coui-tesy of E. L. Buraett, 
the penmanship director. The invitation has 
an embossed cover with letters in gold and 
silver. It is fastened by a yellow silken cord 
with a microscopical lead pencil attached. 

— W, J, Ives, who long ago won his spurs in 
the pi-ofession, is teeichiug with marked success 
at the Oskaloosa (Iowa) Bus. Coll. 

— Bro. Bixler, of Wooster, Ohio, comes to 
the fore with a brand new publication, which 
has the dazzlmgly alluring title, Jlfown^ainso/ 
Diamonds; or, The Itoad to Wealth and 
Pi-osperift,:' Bro. Bisler wUI point the way, 
if you will only give him a show. 

—Prin. 0. P. DeLand. Bus. Coll., Appleton, 
Wis., sends his compliments in a club and 

speak of the way „ 
which he and his pupils have been benefited 
by The Journal. 

— R. E. Morriss has become connected with 
the National G. A. R. Memorial College. Ober- 
liu, Kan. We dont know if there is another 
institution in the country whose pmpose is to 
give a fix»e education to the rhildreo of Union 
soldiei-s and sailore, and such an enterprise 
ought to be cordially eucourogcd. 

— C. J. Lysing has a flourishing school of 
penmanship, 719 Post street, San Francisco. 

—Prin. G. B. Mallery. of the Wilkes-Barre 
(Pa.) Normal Bus. Coll.,i.«aH enthu-siastic busi- 
ness mail, who believes in mudem methods. 
Of course be takes piins that bis pupils read 
The Journal, and sends clubs. 

— C. E. D. Parker, late of the Central Bus. 
Coll., Leavenworth, Kan., has bought the 
Emporia (Kan.) Bus. Coll. from O. W, Miller, 
who has been iu charge since 1883. He is re- 
organizing and refurnishing the school, and re- 
ports excellent prospects. 

— G. W. Moothart, a recent graduate of the 
Dixon (111.) Normal School, is teaching pen- 
manship at Maroa, 111. Specimens received 
show him to be a clever writer. 

— The work of W. H. Lamson, special in- 
structor in di'awing and penmanship in the 
public schools of Bridgeport, Conn., is warmly 
•^ommended by the Evening Post, of that city. 
— A. J. WilUard, a clever penman with a 
penchant for art, has established an art de- 
partment at the Stuart, Va., Noi-mal College. 
He also lends a hand at the penmanship classes. 
— E. L. Glick, who recently joined forces 
with Caton's Euclid Ave. Bus. Coll., Cleve- 
land, Ohio, is described by his friends as a 
"hustler." He is certainly a very accom- 
plished penman, we having had the opportu- 
nity of seeing considerable of his work. In con- 
junction with L. M. Kelchner, Mr. Caton has 
a penmanship team that train way up in the 
thoroughbred class. It is altogether a happy 
combination. THE Journal takes this occa- 

the same high character are from W. A. John- 
sou's Interlake Bus. Coll., Lansing, Mich., and 
the Mountain City Bus. Coll., Chattanooga, 

— " That Boy of Ours," is the title of a busi 
ness pamphlet got up in taking style, which 
comes from Temple & Hamilton's Bus. Coll. 
San Antonia, Texas. 

—The announcement of the Bellvitle, Ont. 
Bus. Coll., is handsomely printed in a variety 
of colors with scarlet and gold cover. A fine 
quaUty of book paper is used, and the letter- 
press is unexceptionable, Prin. Swayze must 
have been educated in a printing oflUce. 

— Another showy school catalogue sets forth 
the advantages of the Canada Bus. CoU., 
Chatham, Ont. It also is printed in colors, 
and contains a number of fine script and orna- 
mental specimens engraved from pen and ink, 
besides general illustrations. A good portrait 
of Prin. McLachlan greets the reader on turn- 
ing the first cover. 

— We neglected to note before receipt of an 
attractive card from pen and ink copy adver- 
tising E. M. Chai-tier's Paris, Texas, Bus. Coll. 
The work is by E. L. Ellis, a student of that 
Institution, and is highly creditable to him. 

— W. A.Warriner has given up the principal- 
ship of the Jamestown (N. Y.) Bus. Coll., 
which he has successfully conducted for two 
or three years. He returns to Canada and 
will become prmcipal of the Canadian Bus. 
University and School of Shorthand, Toronto. 

— A neatly printed announcement sets forth 
in a business man's way the attractions of the 
Buffalo Bus. Uni. of which C. U. Johnson is 
president, and G. K. Demary, secretary. The 
home of this school is in a very attractive 
building in the modem style. 

— " What I do, that I know," is the motto of 
Steadman's Bus. Coll., Toledo, Ohio. Prin, A. 
H. Steadman is an enthusiastic teacher and a 
hard worker, and says he is bound to win sm-- 
cess in the best acceptation of that term. 


— The Cent urf/fijr April is remarkable f..r 
the variety of its contents. Two of Mr. Cole's 
charming artistic engraviugs accompany a 
paper on Giovanni Bellini, by Mr. W. J. Still- 
man, in the series on Itahan Old Masters. One 
of these engravings is printed as a frontis- 
piece, and the conductors of the magazine claim 
that American wood engraving has neve i- be- 
fore been put to such important use as in this 
series. Altogether the number is particularly 
rich in descriptive articles, stories and verse. 

—The AprQ St. Nicholas contains the first of 
several important papers by E. J. Glave, one 
of Stanley's pioneer officers on the Congo. It 
is called "Six Years in the Wilds of Central 
Africa," and is so told as to vividly present the 
lights and shadows ot the explorer's life. Both 
young and old readers will find what they 
are seeking; the former facts and adventures, 

^ J^^^-^^^^e-r^::^/^/^/, //^^, 

^U'^^^y^^^y M^ 

'^ Sf. 

Model Receipt, bij 0. E. Webber, Daceaport, Iowa. [Photo-Engraved.) 

—Mrs. W. J. Kinsley, of Shenandoah, Iowa 
(the name is too well known to need further 
introduction), is an accomplished vocalist The 
local papers hod high praise for a solo, from the 
" Barber of Seville," rendered by her during a 
recent entertainment. Miss Lucia W. Raynes 
distinguished hei-self on the same occasicn, the 
role ot "Pauline" in "The Lady of Lyons" 
affording an opportunity for the expression of 
her histrionic talent. 

— C. E. Chase, late of Hiawatha, Kan., has 
accepted a position as superintendent of the 
commercial department of the State Normal 
School, Indiana, Pa. 

— The Lookout Univei-sity is a new institu- 
tion at Chattanooga, Tenn. It has a strong 
financial backing. Among the incorporators 
we notice D. W. Agey, well known forhiscon- 
nection with the Mountain City Bus. Coll. of 
that city. 

—J. B. Duryea, of the Iowa Bus. Coll., Des 
Moines, is not only noted as a good penman 
and story-teller, but for his scholarly attain- 
ments as well. We recently had the pleasm-e 
of reading the charming mythological story of 
Theseus, the legendary hero of Attica, as 
related by Mr. Duryea, for the benefit of the 
readers of the Des Moines Leader. 

— W. H. Shrawder, penman of the Richmond, 
Ind., Bus. Coll., was recently prostrated 
by severe ilbieas, but has happily recovered his 
health so far that he is able to resume work. 
The atteudance at this school during the past 
winter was the lai'gest in its history. 

—An enthusiastic devotee of the art is J. H. 
King, principal ot the Com. £)ept. of Grayson 
College, Whitewright, Texas. The first num- 
ber of bis Com. Coll. Journal is ornamented 
by a front view of the College buildings, tliree 
in niimlwr and quite imposing. 

— A catalogue full of beautiful engravings 
comes from Parson's Business Colleges, Kala- 
mazoo, Mich., and Duluth, Minn. Othos of 

Associated with him will be Thomas Ben- 
gough, who has a wide reputation as a short- 
band expert. Mr. Warriner retains his interest 
in the Jamestown College. 

—William Allan Miller, of Packard's, the 
Old Roman of the profession, has returned from 
an extended tour of recuperation ou the Pacific 
slope. Ml-. Miller brings back tales of bracing 
climate, spice-laden atmosphere and majestic 
scenery that make one feel like emigrating. 
His marked improvement in health will be 
good news to a wider circle of friends than 
most men can boast of. 

—Milton C. Palmer, B.S., is at the head of 
a prospering educational institution at Sing 
Sing, N. Y.— Palmer's Collegiate and Bus. Col- 

— T. T. Wilson, a Musselmanian, is training 
the young business idea to climb at the Dixon 
(III.) Bus. Univei-sity. 

— Dakin has won a *9 prize offei-ed by G. B. 
Jones, of Rochester, lor the best set of capi- 

—A. M. Wright has taken charge of the com- 
mercial department of the Albion (111.) Normal 
University. He camefrom thePrincton (Ind.) 
Normal College. 

— E. K. Isaacs is back at his old place at the 
N. I. Normal School, Valparaiso, Ind., much 
improved by his long vacation. He had the 
deep sympathy of a host of friends in the great 
bereavement which befell him and completely 
prostrated him several months ago— the loss of 
two bright children, - 

—Howard Keeler. of Packard's, is a man of 
varied attainments, and like most meu of the 
kind, makes no display of his leaniing and 
abilities. Besides being an excellent teacher 
and penman, plain and ornamental, he is a 
man of liberal general education, with a lurk- 
ing vftiu of humor that one would hardly ex- 
jject from his " calm and dignified exterior." 
But Keeler kuows how to say a good thing, and 
has said many through The Journal during 
the past four years over one or another conve- 

and the latter information as to Stanley's 
methods and achievements. Kemble and Taber 
illustrate it. This is one of many attractive 
features. St. Nicholos, to om- way of think- 
ing, is not a whit behind the " maturer " maga- 
zines in point of interest, 

— The Art Amateur for April gives evidence, 
in abundance, of the liberal policy which char- 
acterizes its management. The proprietor 
evidently is determined to maintain it« position 
as the first authoi-ity in this counti y in art 
mattei-s, and spares no expense to attain that 
end. Its beautiful typography, the numberand 
excellence of its illustrations, and the practical 
articles it contains each month make it a delight 
to every person of taste and invaluable to the 
amateur worker in ai-t. Water color, oil and 
china painting-, brass hammering, wood carv- 
ing, peu dramng for book illustrating, crayon 
and charcoal draiviug and art needle-work are 
taught in it m the lucid manner, illus- 
trated with designs both in color and black and 
white. In the present number a new series of 
illustrated articles entitled "Art at Home," 
by the Rev. W. F. Loftie, is begun, and will run 
through the year. The two-color plates which 
accompany every number, and are worth much 
more than the price of the magazine, ai'e, for 
April, "A Cottage Garden "—a charming little 
landscape — and a stack of " Easter Lilies" of 
exqidsite delicacy. Price, 35 ceuts; $4 a year, 
Montague Marks, publi.sher, 23 Union Square, 
New York. 

—It would seem that The Transatlantic 
must win the support of the musical pubhc all 
over the country, judging by the succession of 
attractions which it has offered to that class of 
readers. In its issue of Api-il 15 it adds an- 
other to its brilliant strokes in this line by giv- 
ing a selection from Camille Saint-Saeus' new 
opera, " Ascanio," as well as a fine half-tone 
portrait of the composer, accompanied by a 
personal sketch, delightful extracts from his 
lett«i-s, a synopsis of his liliretto, and analytical 
estimates of his works by the best French 
critics. Another attraction of the number is a 
collection of brilhant articles from the Eu- 

roj^an press on-Bisnmrck and the significauoe 
of bis retirement, A very clever and startling 
piece of work is tlie sequel to Walter Besant's 
si-quel to Henrik Ibsen's " Doll House," from 
the i»en of G. Bernard Shaw, whicli stands iu. 
stead of The TVnit^af/anfiVs usual novelette. 
Mr. 8baw is a young Irisbiran, who is rising 
rapidlj in London litci'ary circles as a IHt^ra- 
fffwr, a musical critic, and a Socialist. An 
article by Max Mfdler on "Thought and 
Breathing," which will interest the Theoso- 
phists and mystics, and a poem. "O Lovely 
Child," rendered from the German of Paul 
Heyse. are prominoot among numerous other 
Interesting features. 



the best fancy initial let- 

}^_ ters sent by any young pen- 

March are from 
C. M. Weiner, South Whit- 
ley, lud. We show oue of 
(hem at the begimiing of this paragraph and 
another at the head of " Personals," We may 
utilize others. There are certain requirements 
that he has met bett«i' than any other coutrib- 
ntor. notably laying out his initial so that the 
joining type matter would not be too far re- 
moved or too far above or below it. Other 
designs deserving mention were sent by J. W. 
Jones, Osmans, Ohio; Harry V. Fountain, 
W. New Brighton, N. T., and S. L. Green, 
Cisco, Tex. We shall not specify any particu- 
lar design for notice in July, but know nothing 
moz-e attractive than initial letters. 

— The best copy of any oi-namental design 
which appeared in The Jouhnal for March is 
from P. W. Costello, ycrantou. Pa., who has 
before been named iu this connection. It is an 
exact copy of the design printed on page 38, 
and is scarcly inferior in any respect to the 
original. A little design of considerable merit 
is from F. M. tjisson, Newport, R. I. 

— Cm- young friends who admiie graceful 
pen sweeps when embodied in flourishes have 
not been idle. We have a good strong design 
from S, L, Smith, Creston, Iowa, Bus. Col- 

\ J. 0. W\se, Akri 

, Okie 

lege. L. H. Jackson and A. J. Williard, Stuart, 
V«,. are each represented by creditable work. 
So ai-e P. A. Hui-tado, Enstnian College, 
Pougbkeepsie, and C. B. Hall, Norwich, Conn, 
R. L. Dickensheets, Denver, Col., Bus. Col. 
lege contributes a variety of plain writing end 
flourishing. Other designs of this characU-r 
are from J. W. Ratcliffe, Butler, Tenn., a pen- 
u)auship teacher of 2.5 yeai-s standing, A. L. 
Fleming, Edmondfion Station, Ark., and 
E. L. Ousley, Waco, Tex. 

—Cards, capital combinations and general 
specimens come from Eugene A vei-s. Decker- 
town, N. J. 

— E. F. Richardson, late of Horse Cave, Ky., 
sends numerous graceful specimens by himself 
and bis pupils at West PlaiDR, Mo., where he 
hns a large class;. Among the specimens the 
work of K, J. Peden deserves special mention. 

—There is no doubt of the fact that good pen- 
manship is appreciated at the Normal Bus. 
College. WUkesBarre. Pa. I. C. Walk, who 
looks after this |jart of the business, sends us 
some particularly attractive lines. 

—Well wTitteu cards come from W. J. 
Biutly, of the Corry, Pa., Bus College, E. A. 
McPhei"son, Stout, Texas, and G. A. Pierce 
Artist Penman, Woodland, Cal. 

— tieueral script specimens and letters wril- 
toii iu striking style are from J. B. McKay, 
Dominiou College, Kingston, Ont. ; W. C. 
Alliuison, Nevada, Mo.; L. Morriss, Central 

Bus. College, Sedalia, M^-. , E. J. U Sulli- 
van. Ashland, Wis.; F. M. Howell, Hamil- 
ton, Ont., Bus. College; D. J. Egelslon, Ply- 
mouth Union, Vt.: G. A. Holman, Potter Hill. 
R. I.; Commercial Department of Mt. Uiiiou 
College, Alliance, Ohio (no name attached), 
and two enthusiastic teachers of «Titing at the 
other end of the world, Walter Edmunds, 
High School, LauucvstoQ, Tasmania, and 
James Bruce, Sydney, Australia. 

— Some pretty back-baud cords enclosed in 
an envelope beautifully iuscribed with a shad- 

A. F. Kaudolph, Nora Lyons. V.eo. Betz. We 
Jiave nssumedthe names signed to the lettersto 
t>e the names of the writers, but the point is 

Americana Iflosl Active Shorthand 

Mr. Andrew J. Graham, the author of 
" Graham's StandanI Phou.jgrai)hy," has been 
a conspicuous figure in the sliortliaud world for 
many years, diiriiii: n yt^^ater [Hirtiou of which 
time the editor of The JoraNAL has enjoyed 
his acqalntance and friendship. Mr. Graham 

li;/ It. B. Farley, IVenlon, N. J., a Chip of the Old Block, r/iis is thf Best Sperin.r, 
of Drawing The Jodbnal Evei' Received from Anyone Under Fifteen Years of A(je. 

ing pen are from C. A. Faust, Decatur, 111. 
W. E. Potter, Huntsinger's Bus. College, 
Hartford, Conn., also sends some showy ex- 
amples of this class of work. 

— From Depue & Aydelotte's Business Col- 

The work is giiR 
Some of it is mi 
The specimens n: 
graduate of Pn 

a designer and 
photogi-aphs of 
are our authority 

— Elsewhere we notice the business writing 
of some of the students at Bryant's Bus. 
College, Chicago, sent by Prof. C. C. Cochran 

iiifijd in the engi'a 

lenee : A. Hussar, Jacob Glick, Jaraef 
Barnhill, N. C. Schommer. These boys v 
like experienced business men, 
—We have other specimens of the same 1 

has a doubt about the kind of equipment 
commercial schools of the better class piv 

e life to the study and 
It is the proud boast of 
the advocates of his system that it represented 
such painstaking care and thought when fii-st 
put into a textrllook, over thirty years ago, that 
to this date it has not been found necessary to 
revise it in any particular. While most other 
shorthand autnors have been busy correcting 
and adding to their systems, Mr. Graham has 
been strengthening bis by a supplementary lit^ 
erature far more extensive tuan any other 



Editor of The Jouhnal: 

There isn't a business college in Ogdeo. 
If you have a friend who would like a 
taste of Wei»tern life, there is a splendid 
opportunity for the right man. 

W. n. Wbiout & Sons. 

Ogden, Utah. 

n-ything pass off pleasantly to-day. 

they tried to persuade you, John; if they had 
persuaded you you would have gone off with 

*■ That's what I did.' 

Vhat are all those 
iTf It looks as if 

Ames' Book of Flourishes, 72 Pages. 8x11 Inches. 

[Inifial bij C. M. Weintr : End-Piece by A. Philbrick.] 

E TAKE this method of announcing to the subscribers for our book 
of flourishes that it is now in the hands of the binders and will be 
^ ready for delivery in a fnw days. The work will be sent on 
ceipt of price, $1.00 for the paper binding, or $1 50 for the cloth and 
gUt binding. In making up the book, it has been deemed inexpedient 
to carry out the original intention of a third style of binding in boards- 
Some other departures from the original announcements have been found necessary, notably 
a rearrangement of cuts and the addition of nine pages to accommodate many new specimens, 
specially engraved for the work, giving 72 instead of tii poges. The name has been changed to 
Ames' Book of Flourishes. See title page elsewhere in this issue for list of authors and other 

It is under the mark to say chat this Work containsyiue h'mt-jtas mauy flourishes as any 
book ever before printed, and perhaps twice as many as all other ^ ^ ~. >J 

similar publications now in print combined. Perhaps the beat known, Sjlli-.' ,44 ^"^Z fj' 

of such wurks now in print ^re " Williams and Packard's Gems," ' i"™ . i\ 1^^-- 
" Ames' Com|)eudium," and the " New Spencerian Com- 
I»ndium." These thi*ee works, at a cost of $I7..iO, togethii 
contain only about one-fourth the variety and number '>i 
flourished designs to t»efcund in "Ames' Book of Flour- 
ishes," price *1..W in fine binding. The work also / 
contains iustructions and exercises in flourishing. i^ <^^ 

All who wont this work should order it at once. The ^^^ 
number of cloth-bouud books in particular is limited. 
Those who can afford this binding will find it mort 
ecouoinicai. Tiecause of its better appearance and 
creased durability. The book is priutod ou the very 
finest quality of heavy plated papei-, aud our presses 
have never turned out a more sumptuoua voltune. 


Chapter on Movements. 

'fitiuifd and Ihan-n for THE Joi'BNAL, b|/ 
./. F. Tyrrell, I'alivy Writer for fhr 
.Xnrthwe^trrn Mutual Life Inmiranee 
Company, Milwaukee. Thin Series Winn 
Our l*rize for the Best "Comic" from 
Young Pen Workers. 

In writing to Advertisers kindly 
say that you saw their notices in The 

Jnt/RNAL. ^ 

WANTIfD-Hv u (Irst-c'liL** Penman iind 
Teiii'lK-i- of (oiiiiiict-clal (minuhes, a posi- 
tion In II liiir)i gi-adp sthool. 'IVn years cx|ieri- 


i t«acher oE pen- 

B Teacher of pen- 

Vddress "COMPETEN 


0!«ITION W4NTBD— A successful and 
exi>erienced Teacher iu a Icadfog Buaine-ss 

nniid uiid kindred brnnclics : 

. Address-'PUSH.' 

Teacher uf iicnmauslilp iu a good Business C 
lege: have bad experience and can furnish liw 
best or rererences. Address "ARTIST PKN- 

etandintr by an educated 

lid opci 
. R./'^ci 

school of good 

.jan with three 

iiil-round teacher of pen- 

eter and qualiflcations gladly fur- 
[Mlerate salary with a good schuul 
TgA-, faith fulncie and usefulness 



1, conesiji indence, cte . lor t 
uly and August. Twelvu yt H 
nd highest references Audrt 
s',"care Tiik Jodrnal. 




;;;;;'u,,..,'";c,i:i,;r 5.',.=% v.^Vn'"', I'ri^ 


- I'""" """lliKL-l Object in aellfiiif, 

- ■ ' ' Mr Addl-ess •■grALl. 


t •'11. 1 A 1 ..tiffhly CfeUibliahed und 



ir'" •''!":"■ 



I obtain elsewhere wl 
UntUh. aerman i 

French Books. Catiilogut 


Doolc Binporlum, iST B. W. S 

KUAD THI!<> T%Vlt U ! 

"54" tJ-';-;".:-:',. "• f:i;";„r;i;:::'",'rS!:„l£.™ 


p. B. 5. PBTERS, 

An Elegant Present, 

Sensible One, 

roo, is a Copy of 


The best-selling penmanship publication be- 
rfiM. Hi* ..iihifr-. AfiRNTSare makina MONEY 
1 make |5.00 a day easily. 


No. I. I i.ui li . I L.:t for students' prac- 

Np. 2 * ii I ' I- .~ Pen" lor book-keep. 

1., 111. I . I III iitN and ell wishing a 

en l,M ...,,../, .,,,./,„./-,/ writing, 

^lUL.i UrosH.'Sl.DO. 


PUTMAN (S KINSLEY, ^iTen^i&Vr^^n. 


Not arranged iu sets, and covers tlie 
entire subject of Ijook-keeping. 

An Aid to Business College Students, 

Highly euilorseil bv teachers and jirar- 
tical accountants. 

Price, 50 cents ; with Key, $1.00. 
J. C. KANE, 
E. & n. Business College, Baltimore, Md. 

a -4-1. 

p's cofies. 

e series of eie-uanllu uyritttn dijjifts fresh from the pen, on heavy, unruled p 
ce, there being fifteen sheets packed iu a substantial cose und sent for a ^ 
me cent postage stumps Address 

W. H. PATRICK, 643 N. Fulton Ave.. Baltimore. ^ 




These inks a 

1 wide-mouthed ( 

Janes' inks. 

Iks are p 

and half ounce bottles! also powder f 

One bottle, any color, by mail 

Six bottles, " " ■' '* 

Twelve bottles. ^ oz., assorted colors, by e 


One bottle marking pen ink, by mail 

Sixbottles. assorted ouloi-8, by express 

One bottle gold or silver bronze, by mall. . . 
Alphabets and instructions sent free wltl 
orders for pens or inks, if requested. 

Propj-ietnr Moilern Business Coliene, 
'M9 Blue Island Avenue. - CHICAGO. 



Hundreds of books and useful articles are offered as special premiums to those 
whn send clubs at the full price of $1.00 for each subscription wifh '•'regular premium. 
We have not space to give full details here. If you are interested send ten cents fnr 
copy of The Journal coutiiining the announcements in detail. Here are just a few 

Dickens' Complete WorUs in fifteen volunea (5200 pages, size 5 x 7i) 
mailed free for one ue\t> subscription ($1.00) aud 75 cents extra— $1.75 in all. In case 
of renewal, $2.00. Sir Walter Scott's Peerless Waverly Novels, complete in 
twelve volum&*, will be sent instead of Dickens' if desired. 

Another set of Dickens, complete in twelve volumes, size 8^^ x 12, mailed Iree for 
one new subscription and 35 cents additional — $1.35. In cose of renewal, $1.50. 

Cooper's Famous Leather- Stocking- Tales in live volumes of about 500 
pages each (size 5 x 1\) for one/ic-w subscription and 15 cents extra — $1.15. In case, 
of renewal, $1.35. 

Waverly Novi 

P Do 
Burlington. Wis 
Your pre " 
The Leat 

8 College, Appld 

for : 

1 cheapest offer of b 

*The regular premiums referred to above, choice of which we give with every subscripiio 
at f i.oo, are as follows ; The Lord's Prayer size, (ig x 24 inches) ; Flourished Eagle (24 x 32 
Flourished Stag (24 x 32) ; Centennial Picture of Progress (24 x 28) ; Grant Memorial (22 
28) ; Garfield Memorial (19 X 24) ; (Jrant and Lincoln Eulogy (24 x 30) ; Marriage Certil 
cate (18 X 22) : Family Record (18 x 22}. These are beautiful and elaborate litliographs froi 
pen and ink copy, all handsome and showy pictures for framing. Instead of one of ihci 
pictures the subscriber may receive a copy of Amks' (IDIDE or Ames' Xf-W Copy Si \vs. 
The foUuwing will tit luuileil free on receipt of price, or sent as special prcmiuuis : 

Burdett's Patriotic Recitations 
and Readings. -This work 

«6 American Pairlollo 

Or either of the following by the same popular 
author: Picnchaiid Tnnkec Dtalrcl Recitatwm ; 
Shahespewrean RcadUiutf; Hcrok Hccitatiuita and 

Cloth, Price.. 

e Debater In boards for o: 

^ sut)scription oliolceof t 
Ml al a alai 
1 paper ; U5c. in boards. 

D. T. AMES, 202 Broadway, New York. 

How to Draw and Paint.— Boards. 5uc 

306 308 OlUe St ST LOUIS MO 


than 50 Ponnien in this country owe tlicir 
snccess to Dakin's course ot lessons by mail. 

Some books are so well written and prove so valuable to tbeir 
owners that thieves steal their contents, and by misarrangement 
of them, make books which they tr)' to palm off as superior to 
the originals. 

Graham's Hand-Book of Standard Phonography 

has been pirated from, probably, to a greater extent than any 
book ever published in the United States. 

Because it is the best text-book on the subject ever published, as 
is proved by the fact that it rendered obsolete all phonographic 
books preceding it, all of which are now out of print, and by the 
fact that the best portions of all phonographic books published 
since have been stolen from it. 

What evidence is there that it is a standard work ? 

It has been published 31 years without change because none 
has been found necessary. 

It has been used for years in many of the best institutions of 
the country, and the system it teaches is used by the best report- 
ers in the world. 

These are facts which can be prayed. 

Send for a free copy of All Ahout Fiionograi'IIv, the 
largest and handsomest shorthand circular ever published. 


Author and Publisher, - 744 Broadway, New York. 

i/ /f A ing. its weight is le< 

written with the COL- 

The man who wrote that knew 
what he wanted Our Electric 
Penholder will prevent as well as 
cure writers' cramp, numb fingers, 
trembling hand and fatigue. 

no adjusting or fill- 
less than J oz , 
holder made, 
be said, except 
that if your stationer has not got 
it send 35 cents to 

I 2 Pens in a nickel 

box by mail on receipt 

^ of lO Cents. IVISON, 


806 Broadway, N. Y. 

r lotttV wni 

FLOURISHED onl on B. Boaitl, Aus 
Id X 14 inches, sent for (1.00. It is a 

A. W. nAKIN, Syracuse, N. Y. 


BOOKKEEPING, :!f;3^^;^| 


YOU waiit 12 of the fiucst styles and 
coiubinations of your name you ever 
send 35 cents to 

A. W. DAKIN. Syrnouse, N. Y. 

E. J. KNOWLTON. Ann Arbor. Mich. 

D. L. Dowd's Health E 


Fi.r -r. cents I will srml you f, curds with 
fiowei-s, roses, Ki'asscs, t^tt^-- raised on each with 
a knife. Your name written or i-nised, as you 
wish. The flowers look like wax work and 
these are pMitively the most beautiful cards 
ip the world. A sample sent for "iO cents. 

A. W. DAKIN, Syracuse, N. Y. 

Best Work on Shorthand Ever Written. 


The author of this work is Prof. Alfred Day, a shorthand 
reporter of 25 years' experience, author of " Aid to Graham," 
■■ Shorthand Copy-Book," &c.. President of the Cleveland Sten- 
ographers' Association, Principal and Proprietor of Day's School 
of Shorthand. 

It does not pretend to be a new system. It presents Graham's 
System in a wonderfully simplified form, doing away entirely with 
the objections that have been made to that system by reason of 
its interminable complications. Prof. Day has removed these 
stumbling blocks, making the path of the student entirely plain. 

The results obtained by this work arc unequaled in the history 
of shorthand teachers. The publishers will be glad to give scores 
of testimonials from those who have acquired proficiency in a re- 
markably short time with no other teacher than " Day's Complete 
Shorthand Manual." 

The bonk, beautifully printed and bound in cloth, will be sent 
by mail post-paid to any address on receipt of the price, $1.50. 


THE BURROWS BROTHERS CO., Publishers. ,.,, 
23 to 27 Euclid Avenue, - Cleveland, Ohio. 


fei Giiy ;;^^Je^ 



'Til IS I A tl]eareatf^clucilSuhi//essJ[v/n- 
ui£ (Sclioo//dcre fljo/isa/fd£oft/^edc6tafco//r/l- 
anls, cowffiPiT/ffl tmeiie/A nrfdjjoi/ /?ff/m//?r%5 
/ffefloftl/cl^st //i7//e cecci/rec/ (//e/Fcdm/iifu) ^ 
andsfr/di// //fe. ^t//orom//jB//,mrj)0/a;)r, 

Iiam^-^jpr irati//o- n/l U/m//f kiai^jm^ 
teadjcm //fo .^ta/zclatd/r //ec/rJjj/''t//e/}yMv/vsiYo//. 
^cee£lt//pfi//(:'stfic/////c/) /// d/cWoiir/drc/ti. 
d]is i//sdtmoi/, r///dc/vajJ)'Cpi/d/ric/doJ'///cf^- 
^/e£c /sjy/////ap t/i d.i f/fJ/.v/dsefr/c//ts. 

Sea//dj'u/ I//ijJmtcd(^ta/mie n/fd'p 





'uDrt Teacher. Moilern 
iiicihn(l»<. Sunaible theories. Tuition reaaon- 
uble. Htudeota aided to posltionB free of 
chnrKc. CIrciilnrs free. 



Typewrititie, PcnmaDship and Eogliih. l-Vf^ 

Lecture.. Em'incnt''indoV/cmcn".' Opta^lu yM^! 
Em«rnow. Altractivcci.y. E»penset moderate. 
Write to us. lUuatrated Catalogue, Free. 

. Eniprick hns reccU ed much pra se for tht 
•mid skill dlH[Ia>cdin hscxrd woik '^a n 
will be scut Tor in Lenta I C EMEKRK 

YOUR NAME ,1.",'^ 



Ekfrgau.' k: 


Mch your writing i Send 2.'> cents for a wril 

en letter telling you just what the ti-ouble i! 

A. W. DAKIN. Syracuse, N. Y. 



4B0 Sheets Utht Sii>>, by express, S2 00. 

This Istt fine, unruled, raeiium-weltfht paper, 
(aegantly finished, for the use of penmen. All 
hinds of fine paprr, ruled and unruled, In atoc-h. 



A complete line of supplies for commercial 
schools and depurlment* on hand and printed 
to order. We can make your book-kteplny 
blanks cheaper than you can buy them ready 
made, and we will make them as you direct and 


a the c 

Shenandoah, Ic 


of 12 lessons in plain penmanship given b; 
mail fur i^i.W. Teacher's course J.'i.OO. 

A. W. DAKIN, Syracuse. N. Y. 


'"' "' "''"""'i''ihI,'iC^' 

Automatic Lessons 


uiM'o- s-» 

12 Im powders, assorted '■0 

Setfof OPena I'O 

Citciilars free. Address 

t. E. Jones, 249 Blue Island Ave., Chicago. 


erms Leg I 

itiflc Terras 

Is Pronounced Alike 

I 11 d Difterently, Mis 

ifl ClasslfleJ lists 

T< j 1st wh it pupils 

(1 cy alreud\ know 

ty already 

«/ B ( 

Publ I 
lies ett. Do not beoln an 
IhlsSpellpr It is IJn ri i< 
tat t ) IjT pages Boards 

r .. —-ton ^ 

Will ref md price of 

pages Bo 

lopted o 

J. R. HOLConin & CO., 

^BHe Bloek. 


, Ohio 

SEND me $1.00 and I will teach you to en- 
grave flowei-s, names, etc., on cards, the 
latest, thing out. They must be seen to be 

A. W DAKIN, Ryracu-;e, "S. Y. 


Sfandard Typewriter 

HA>- iji-;i:n Ft 



Embraces tbe Latest and Highest Achiei/e- 
ments of Inventive Skill. 

ai7 Urondway. \. V. 

Full line of Typewriter Supplies. «-12 



Is the best Type Writer. 

It is easier to learu and to operate, does better 
work, has more speed and is more dunible than any 
other type writer. 

Shorthanl taught by mail and personally 
We have 300 pupils by 
iifl piijiih when, cnmpcteiU. 

We have been short of 
Bookkfiepers who arc sten- 




t_ PRINTING. Tlir-f Huee arts cover 

lii'M. fv-iiiiLi'H \MintiiLi-' i'i]i~i "I- printing can ! 

B cordially invited. Send 

PACKAGE of the most fashionable vift- 
itiiig cards .50 cents (25 cards). 

A. W. DAKIN. Syracuse, N. Y. 

Twenty-four Pages of Reading Matter 


!) Fare in a Horse-Car. (Illuntrated.) 

4, Return uf the Birds 

5. I'auiel Wehstera Speech at Albauv. 

All in ihe best style of Munson phonography. 
PrUf ID (fnis for each, 25 <enti for three, 

Also a List of Contraclions and Words out 
of Position, with Derivatives. Price lo cents. 

S. S. PACKARD* Publisher, 

lOI East 23d street, - New York. 


I Valuable Suggestloi 

Professor A. W. Dakin. 

/)f(ir Sir;— Your last lesson is received and 
like all preceding ones is a model of iwrfec- 
tion. Your copies all show the same amount 
of care, and the interest you show iu the 
]irovement of the work of your pupils is 
dent in each lesson. Sincerely thanking you 
for the attention you gave me through the 

W. DAKIN, Syracuse, N. Y, 

Price List of 

Penmen's and Artists' Supplies 

For5ale by THE PENMAN'S ART lOUflNAL. 

nl I'riiotical Penm unship, by the Span- 
ii-m;t.TlaQ Compendium, complete in 8 

Ploiirished Kiit'lo '.Mk^W " 50 

Ceiiteimiul I'lcture of ProKresa. . .22x25 " 60 

" " " ...38x40 " 100 

EuloKy of Lincoln und Grant,, ^rxCS " r>(i 


jjoTB— We CUM sripply nothing in these line.i 
scipt (/if article stated below. 
>iiiaiiieLt»l aadFUHiriah- d Carda, Iddeslun^ 

new, original and artistic, per pa«k of 60, m 

100 by mall ^ 

1000 " $4.56: by texpresa ... 4 00 

Bristol Board, a-sheet thick, 82x28. per sheet. 50 

22x28 per sheet, by express... 30 


French B. B., 34x34, 

Drawing paper, hot-p 

by mall, bye 
,1.^20 .«.15$l: 
17x23-. .20 2. 

;| !Wx40.. 

Best quality TracinK Paper, yard wide. . 
Windsor .S Newton's Sup'r Sup tndialnk 

Ames" Penman's Favorite No. 1. cro^c. . 

" •* ^ gross bx8. 

GnKrosslns Pens for lettering, pci uu*. 

Crow-fiulIlPen, very fine, for drawing, doz.. 
■cken Pen, for text lettering— Double 

Points— set 

— Br'iad— aetof five 

ubllfiue Penholder, eaohlOo.; per dozen 

"Double" Penholder (may be used either 

Htraight ur oblique), eai-n 10c.; per dozen, 
Obli'iiie Metal llpsfiidjiistjible to any holder.. 

L-a..'.li fH'. ; IM'T ih izen 

Writing and Measuring Ruler, metal edged.. 

New Improved Pantograph, for enlarging or 

diminishing drawings 

Ready Binder, a simple device for J">ldlng 

New Handvrindefi light ande 

3 nder, a Hue. stiff, cloth 


Roll Blat-kboarus, by expi-esu, 

Ho, 2, " 2Wx3Hfe6t 

No. 3. " 3 x4 " 

Stone Cloth, one yard wide, any length. 

yard, slated on one side 

48 Inches wide, per yard, slated both sld 

;ood 1 

lall I 

and 50' r..,./, r,.. u\ ;....;..., ij,,ns; the bills are 
in the rienoniiiii.tintis or i ^ js, 5-8, 10'3,20'8,50'ti. 
lOOs, 600'8 and l.OJOs, whiLb are printed on sheet* 
of Htteen bills each. They are propnrtloned so aa 
make 3 one^, 8 tjnos, 2 Jlvtt, 2 lens, and one each of 
the 20, 60. 100, r)00 and I.OOO dollar notes. 

The proporlion in wbloh the different denomina- 
tions are printed is that which lont; experience has 
demonstrated to best mett the demands and con- 
venience In bnslness praotlt^e. Wo cannot furnish 
the Script in other proportli-ns than those named, 


I by 

ppli . 


are kept la atoek a 

and upeciftT'd'r signs promptly fllle/1. We 
ick diplor -- '— •■-•—"■' "-"'"">-> ""'H 

each, or $3 00 per dozen. 

igns promptly flllc-- 
bave stock di'pioraaa for business coUegea and 

r facllltlee 

icqualled. send for pstlmates. 

t of Ihe thousands u 

' publloul 

[umerelal arlthmetlo or other education^ 

Stnd the money with order, In all cases. Unlesa 
this requirement Is met no goode will be t.Bnt by 
mail, in any case, nor by express, C. O D., unless a 
sufllclent advance to made to prot<tct ua ugalnat 
contingent loss. Don't waste your time and ours 
by wrltin* us to " send eo-and-so (you have forgot 
the price) and you will remit." or Umek uslf uc 
'■ can't tjiko less." Wb can't. We bundle nothing 
but -eliable goods, and all who favor us with 

Address 0. T. AMES. 202 Brffidwar. New York, 

IM> vol; TEA!" 







Send f t.OO for 4 trial lessons in penmansliip 
jy mBJl. The best you ever received. 



No. 128. 

Bxpresslr adapted f>: 

mentul i>enma.TiBlilp. 





All of Standard and Snperlor Quality. 




In the very front rank ol ihe com- 
mercial schools of this country stands 
the Capital City Commercial College 
and the Capital CUy School of Short- 
hand, of Des Moines, Iowa. Young 
people desiring the best commercial 
training are invited to correspond 
with these institutions. Address 
fli3 J. M, Mehan, Proprietor. 



Executes all Kinds ol Ornamental Pen-Work 

To Order. 

Our GngrossiDg, PeiiOrawiuK. Lettering and 

FlourlBliiug liave received tlie liiglle^t commenda- 

manner Large pieces of l^lourislifue. Lelteiiii 
and Pen-Drawingsdone in the best possitjle inanne 
Correapondence solicited and satisfaction guarai 
teed. Address 

12-12 A. E. DEWHURST, Utica, N. Y. 

Treasure Trove.— Old Friends Turn Up Again. 






\ C/l^U^ yM4^. 

By D. H. Farley, State Normal School, Trenton, A. J. 


writing It, wlM 

I, Flouiishbig, 

racing Kxerolses, Capl'tala. 

E. PARSONS, Wilton Junction, Iowa. 

P. ,S.— No postal cards need apply 

I^aper Warehouse, 

Nos. 1 5 & I 7 Beekman St., 




■ A tbonsaiid yeat^ as a day No arithmetic 
teaches it. A short.siraple.pmcticu] method by 
K.. f. ATKINSON. Principal of .'•acmmento Uiisl- 
nt.ssrollcge.Sacnimento.Cal. By muil.Meents, 



Matters Not '''''''^^^^"'^1'.!? nH-"wiI,'k 
How Finely the Copies ''|,;;j7f',\;!: 
May be Written, There is ""^"^j 

cjUTliillv wi ittfii cii|ik'» will prove an inoentlvt 
to a flirt Ikt tnlviiii<iim'iit In wrltinK. A course 
t.ii hum.- jiitii-tkf; casting 50c., coQtuinlogsUif- 
gesticiiis Im- iinulii-c. i-ucn copy cnrerully and 
iieantifully written and irraded froi 
tafued in tvaching, wlJl be sent by 

25 Vickroy Street, 

in harmonious Bourisli ? 
a sheet of exercise 
a specimen letter? 

Pittsburgh. Pa. 
1 cards ? 26c 


Practical Bookkeeping 

single and Double Entry. 

By THOMAS A. Rue, A.M., LL.B*. 

celpt of 81 

i.OO.Mt . 




In order to place my work in tlie bands of 
every reader of this paper, I will s^nd on re- 
ceipt of *I.O(l the following : 

Daldn'B Card Ink Recipe OOctB. 

TwoSeUof CapUals(dUrerpD').. 40 •■ 

A Written [..etter as " 

Muscular Fxercises 2fi •' 

Specimens of hlotirishlDg ^. Sb " 

Total worth xa.oo 

. "V^T". ID .A- ^E. 1 1^, 

141 Johnson St., Syracuse, N. Y. 





GOLD MEDAL, Paris exposition, 1889. 




The leadtne school of pen art in the South. 
)e5lKns and drawings of all kin's made for ci": 


. WKI 

>, Ten 


Northern Illinois College of Pen Art, 

with Normal School and Business College, 

Thorough instruction in .vt-rv bram-h of Peii 

stamps t 


Pa., Oct. 28tb, 

Mr. A. W. Dakin, ftyi-acuse, N. Y. 

Dear Sir :—\Q\xf letter and lesson of June 
Itfth, 18H9, came duly to band, and, I ossuie you 
I spoiled many a sbeet of pajwr in order to 
show you tbat I really appreciate your way of 
doing business. And there is no excuse a man 
can give who does not avail himself of such 
a great chance to learn penmanship at borne 
without spending but $.S.OO. The price is veiy 
low and witbin reach of every young man, 
and you deserve great credit for it. 
Very truly yours, 


All Engrossers and Draughtsmen Use 


i&wry hind of iitlint) ami »hailinu^ tmaatnalile 
mau he linne uHOi it \oHh far ureaitr aecuracu 
t)um hy any nthfr mtOiud and (n r>rir>trn(/i the 

engraved d 

^rjuare with u comiaon iliutinnr inn, Uiu lines 
being Bfparat«d at peituct inU-rvnla, and exe- 
cuted as rapidly as thoHu made froe>hand • 
Tlie space between lines may be varied by turn- 
ing a thumbscrew from wro to scvon-cighths 
of an Inch and made liorlzontaliy or upon any 
desired length or material. Wc give herewith 
specimens of Tinting photo-engraved directly 
from ruling done by the aid of the square with 
the rapidity of free-hand lines. 

KiKlorsi-d by EMaroB-i-r-, l»r»ui{lil>nieD, 
trtfaliecin nod Arll-I- evcrywberr. Clrru- 
inr.wilb pricf tind mil dt-LripiloD hcdi up- 


cliable ami the handsomest text books on commercial subjects that ha 

ery hand that these 


of four clc>;ant book 

ng ihc pa 

165.000 copies have been sold dt 
years. Wc believe thai no othei 

hook has done so 
suidy of this sub- 


Complete Bookkeeping 

the present time Ihe favorite with the busi- 
collcgcs of [he country, beinp at present in use 
nuch larger number of such schools than any 
" work, and its introduction is steadily exiend- 
ind ils sales are increasing. Retail price, $2 50 ; 
csale. $1.35. 




Practical Grammar and Corre- 

is a unique combination of lessons designed t 
imparl itnowlcdgc of the practical features of ih 
language, and their application to written coir 

enable those who have not given the subjcc 
much study to obtain knowledge of the more im 
portant facts ; and to impress upon those who hav 
itudy of grammar, an 

of O. 


ndcd i 

; edit 


Kciaii price. 52 00 .incl $1.25 respectively ; whole- 
sale. Jl.lOa.i.l 75c. rc^.f. lu'cly. 

FIRST LESSONS IN B00KKEEPIN6 is a very ele- 
mentary book. U is devoted chiefly to single-entry, 
but explains and illustrates the process of changing 
from single to double-entry, and also contains a 
complete explanation of double-entry, with some 
practical exercises under that method. This book 
is designed for a young class of pupils, such as are 
usually found in district schools, yet it may be 
■ /ith profit by older classes. Retail price. 







of the book c 
aluable to e\ 


. the 


Civil Covernment. 

& Rogers have placed no book ■ 


ould I 



and the! 

amply justified that 

novel." "A charm 

delighted with the 

ssfully leach 




Commercial Arithmetic 

netic that every business boy and girl 
lerstand. Not only that, but it i ' 
n performing arithmetical calculation 
xercises, designed lo render the pupil 
distinguishing feature ; and the clca 

Commercial Law 

is another wonderfully popular work. It is yet a new book, but 
hold on the commercial teachers of this country that is a source of i 
tinn to its publishers. It has been highly complimented on account 
of the language employed, the directness of its statements, the 
nf topics and its typographical appearance. Retail price, $2.00 ; w 

ig book." '■ Our pupil 

tudy," "We feel that 

(lis important subject." are samples of i 

fhich are received from teachers in every mail 

Lelai! price. $1.50; wholeisale. 80c. 

Seventy Lessons in Spelling. 

This little book has had so wide an introduction, 
nd has sold so largely, that almost every teacher 
s all about it. Ii contains about 4000 difficult. 

, 30c.; 

words, and g 
. as well as thei 
wholesale, 20c. 



Commercial School Supplies. 

It should be understood, also, that we carry a large 
stock if Foolscap Paper, Pens. Rulers, Pen-Holders. 
Figuring Pads. Blotting Pads, Blank Books for Book- 
keeping, Business Forms, etc., etc., which are excel- 
lent in quality and cheaper than the cheapest. 

of the clearnes; 
careful selcctio! 
holesale. $1.00. 

I Circulars, Price Lists, &c. 

Specimen pages of the books, and also our Catalogue, contait 
of our publications, with introduction, wholesale and retail price; 
and testimonials regarding them, as well as prices of the commer 
we have in slock, will be mailed to ihe address of any leachei 
I upon application. Address 

school officer 

WILLIAMS & ROGERS, Educational Publishers, Rochester, N. Y. 

■V 'Xj ZA'"^ ^""^'^' "f ""-' "'^'""'' J«>r is near, and many gia.luates \vill leave tlieir desks in their sclicul-room for tlioso of tlie counting-room. 
\ ^ CD ^"'^ ''"^'" ^ '''P'"""^ whicli, wlion framed, as it is liliely to be if worth it, will prove an attractive advertisement for your school. 
<i\».(-!. ^ -^Pg iijyg ^ gi-eat variety of blank diplomas in stock wliich will suit any school, business college, commercial college, techni- 

/•cal institute, public or private .school. Samples and catalogue with prices mailed on receipt of twenty-five cents. 

But why not let us make you a special diploma? It will cost you less in the long rnn than b\iying blank diplomas, besides saving 
fs^jou a world of trouble in filling in the name of yonr school with a pen. 

We have made a specialty of diploma work for years and have a cart-load of pen originals embracing about every word 
and combination (in various styles) that any one would be likely to want for a diploma. By cutting, rearranging, trimming a little 
f here and there, we can get up the body of a diploma in half an hour. No charge to you for doing this ; all you have to pay for is the 
• new matter, whicli is usually the name and location of tlie school, with perhaps a few minor charges. 

This is the reason our prices are scarcely half what is charged eleewhere. Or wc can get you up an entirely new diploma from A 

*^to I/.zard, as in the case of the design shown on page fi7, and still be at least 50 per cent, under the market. Compare our designs and 

prices with those of any other house in this country and we shall he certain to handle yonr order. 

Don't put it off. We can serve yonbctttr and more expeditiously before our " rush" sea.son begin, which 
'ill be in a few weeks. 


We bave thousantls of cuts in 
ar's worth of these cuts from us yo 
petition they give him tw much aer 
ic engraving made to order, from 
happy ! 

stock suitable for every species of newspaper, catalogue and circular advertising and illustrating. Five 
11 couldn't have specially niiidc lor $2.5 ; jet as ive register all sales and i,nve the purchaser a aeld free from 
nee as though made to his order. Send for our stock-cut catalogue if you haven't one. Every species of 
joiu copy or ours, hy the best process known. The illu.strntions in lliis issue are offered in evidence. No 

lily everything a 

■oial si-hool needs. 

D. T. AMES & SON, 202 Broadway, New York. 


-p Bwt Pen vet. Send 35c for a 

. PACSAKt). 101 B. aid St. New York. 

!BiheBc.-t Pen yet. Senfl SSc, for n 3do«tn box to ia the Best Pen yet. Send a'c. for n q-down box U> is the Best Pen vet Send SSc for n it-dozen h 
S, S. PACKAIt6. 101 E. aw St., Now York. 8. S. PACKAltfi. 101 E. Sid St.. New York. 8 S PACKAltto; Wl i »)<18t. n"^^^ 


Published Monthly 
1 Broadway, N. Y., for $1 per Year. 


ered « Ihe Post Office of New York 
N. V , as Second-Class Ma.l Matter. 
Copyright. 1890, by 0, T. AMES. 

NEW YORK, JUNB, 1890. 

Vol. XIV.— No. 6 

Lessons in Business Writing. 

CSINESS wntMi:: 
is of the utmost iiii- 
portance,and shoul'f 
e f a i 
study and practii^' 
In all your w-t]. 
there are two ts-i n 
tiaU to be kept <■•<<: 
sta-tly in mind- 
legibility and speed. 
After n dozen vears' 
actual experience in 
teaching, the author 
of these lessons h;l^ 
karned that the pupils have do time to 
spend in learning the old methods of 
analysis. We desire our pupils to be ready 
for actual practice the first lesson, as time 
is precious and we must improve it. 

During the next six months we propose 
to give a series nf lessons in business 
witing for the benefit of the boys who are 
unable to secure the advantages of a busi- 
ness college, and no puins will be spared 
in making them practical. All the copies 
will be photo-engraved from our own 
musK-ulii?- inwement work, thus jiroducing 
copies absolutely practical. 

First-class materials must be used if you 
desire satisfactory results; 14 lbs. foolscap 
is none too good. For easy and accurate 
work I would recommend the oblique 
holder. Ames" Best Pen is as good as the 
best. Use black ink-not muddy water. 

In the accompanying cut you have a 
very good likeness of the author as he ap- 
]ieaied before the camera in his Sunday 
clothes and natural position for writing. 
Study the position of body, arms, hands 
and feet. Keep the body- from leaning 

table, and point of little finger rest on the 
paper — these are the only parts that should 

against the table. The thirk part of right I touch. Hold the paper firmly with the 
^nn just below the elbow rest on the I left hand. 

With the arm on the table, as described 
above, practice working the wrist in and 
out of the sleeve without sliding the arm 
on the table. This produces what is 
termed jnwurulaT \ 

motion, observing the position of eiieh 
stroke. Make all your work the size of 
copy. After you can make the first quite 
well change to No. 2. Nos. 3 and 4 are ex- 
cellent for developing power in the strokes, 
but don't make the lines heavier than 

In exercises .I, (t and 7 you gel practice 
in sliding the little finger across the page 
with each form. Make the o'« in rapid 
succession, closing each one at the top. 
In Nos. (i and 7, stop at the top of o as 
though you were going direct to another 
letter. Don't be afraid of giving them too 
much practice. 

Slide the hand in making each part of 
the letters in Nos. 8, 9, 10 and 11. Study 
proportion of letters; the distance between 
the downward strokes in m and u is equal 
to the height of the letter; each part of 
7ft round at top; n sharp; get a loop in 
each a; make them rapidly; practice the 
word mine\ don't omit fininhing stroke. 

Practice copy No. 12, observing slant, 
spacing and size. Compare your efforts 
with copy, and use the great^ist care in all 
your work. 

I would like for every hoy and girl who 
expects to follow the«e lessons during the 
coming months to write form below in his 
best hand, sign his name and address, and 
send to C. N. Crandle, Dixon, III., by 
July t, 1890. 

A Synipallictlc 4MI'<nrlni£ lo !<cerelar)' 
Trary rroiii lil« Towuxiiieii. 

The follownig notice of a handsome memo- 
rial album, eugrossod in the office of The 
Journal its from tlie Bnioklyn EnqU: " The 

matter, and wlio v 

Kl Martin F. 

/x /^f^^ 

For development of movement; take , Gen Tracy in pereoi.. The work w the^pro- 
' .... -J duction of D. T. Ames & 

No. 1, and practice It with a rapid | and coet upward of $500." 

I. of New York. 

Alt I eJOl KWi; 

The Inventive American Mind. 

Over 30,000 a ¥ear. 

I/C, -v. TlVinrr.] 
r the St. Louis Olohe- 
')fmorrnt draws atten- 
tion to the fact that 

are so fond of centen- 
nial celebrations, late- 
ly allowed a very im- 
portant one to pass 
with scarcely a notice, 
rcara of American in- 
plcted last April. Patent 
s issued April 10. 1790. 

The first hundred 



The century closed with No. 425,395. 

In the first half of the 100 years the 
patent laws were not so encouraging. In 
fifty years only 12,421 patents were issued. 
Hut we are now making up lost time. 
There were issued last year 22,080 patents. 
The United States Patent Office paid ex- 
penses from the fees taken in and laid up 
n balance of a clean $250,000 in the year 

Instead of American ingenuity exhaust- 
ing itself, the exercise of it seems to make 
it more prolific. Every year shows a larger 
number of inventions than the year which 
preceded it. Here are a few of the novel- 
ties which have been patented since 1890 
began : 

The approach of fly time has suggested 
an idea for a cow-tail holder. A clnmp 
like a clothespin catches the bushy end 
of the tail, and two cords with a snap 
attachment fasten the tail to the cow's 
leg, to a post, or to the milking stool. 

The same day that the Nebraska man 
got his patent for a cow-tail holder a man 
in Maine got one also for the same end. 
The Maine man's tail-holder is made of a 
single piece of wire coiled so as to connect 
tlie tail with the cow's leg, 

"A candle for killing insects" is a mix- 
ture of insect powder and tallow, or some- 
thing else that will burn, molded around 

The estimable i 
Jackson once a( 
Minister for an ai 
telling him that 

.vifeof President Andrew 
counted to the British 
ivfui cold in the head by 
"the Gineral had kicked 
the kivvers off" the uight before There 
is no longer any excuse for people who 
"kick the kivvers off." A clamp and a 
spring are now patented for attachment to 
the bedstead. By this simple device the 
covers are fastened down. The spring 
f^ives sufficient play, so that there is do 
danger of one getting choked in the act 
of tuniiug over. 

Anyone might guess that a Kentucky 
man i» entitled to the credit which at- 
taihes to the inveution of a "combined 
inkstand, pistol case and burglar alarm." 
No Kentucky editor's desk should be 
without it. The application may he illus- 
ttated- An editor sits at his desk wntiug. 
One of the Hatfitlds or one of the McCoys 
enters to ask a correction of the report 
about that row over on Sheol-for-Sartin 
Creek. The editor reaches forward as if 
to dip his pen in the ink. He touches a 
spring in the top of the inkstand. A 
shallow drawer flies open toward him and 
Uis hand drops upon the revolver. At the 
same time the alarm goes oflf like one of 
those new devices to call people at 5 a. m. 
Ju country hotels. The mountaineer jumps 
back as if he hewd the b-r-r-r of a rattler, 
and before he recovers he is covered. The 
editor is master of the situation. This 
inventor lives in Louisville, 

A handcar which moves along the tracks 
and mows weeds 15 feet away is one of 
the innovations in railroad machinery. It 
will do to go very well with the rotary 
snow plow as an illustration of automatic 

Dress reform is sweeping away the bar- 
riers of sex. The Patent Office has been 
called upon this month to protect the idea 
of a bifurcated skirt, and has done it. 

There is a genius in Cohasset, Mass., 
who spends his time in getting up start- 
ling effects for the stage. He has recently 
taken out two patents. One of them is 
for an arrangement of slides and springs 
by which a man, or rather a dummy, goes 
all to pieces. At a signal the head flics 
toward the ceiling, the legs move to the 
sides, and the arms drop to the floor. The 
body remains in the chair, 

A beheading apparatus is another of this 
inventor's ghastly devices. The axe drops 
into a socket in the block and the head 

The arrangement of mirrors at the proper 
angles in a tube so as to enable a person 
to see what is going on in a room at some 
distance has been patented within a month. 
The mirrors may even be moved so as to 
bring into view various portions of the 

The uses of electricity extend. An 
electric flatiron is one of the new things 
under the sun. The iron is hollow and 
the wire passes into the center and is so 
arranged that when the electricity is 
turned on the fiat face of the iron is kept 
at an even degree of heat — just sufficient 
to do good work. 

The idea of combining various uses in a 
single article is a favorite one with invent- 
ors "The combined cap, pillow, and 
life jjreserver" is to be made of some air- 
tight material. As a cap it looks like the 
double-visored headgear which is consid- 
ered the thing for steamer wear. The 
center piflls out. What appears to be a 
ventilator in (he top proves to be a mouth- 
piece. You blow into it until the interior 
is about half-filled with air, and you have 
a very fair imitation of the air pillow. If 
you awake at night and find that the boat 
is sinking, you blow some more air in 
through the mouthpiece and have a life 
preserver as big as a good sized bladder. 
There is even a piece of tape attached for 
tying the preserver to the breast. 

One of the first contributions from the 
new State of North Dakota is a machine 
for burning prairie grass. The driver 
mounts his seat in front, turns on the gaso- 
line, strikes a match, and moves across 
the prairie, leaving a broad, black line. 
The grass over which the big sheet iron 
bos is drawn is entirely consumed, but no 
fire escapes outside of the box. 

The magnificent and wonderful frosting 
with which the caterer's art covers the 
wedding cake is now removable before the 
cake is cut, so that it may be used again 
and again. 

Who ever heard of a man lifting himself 
by his boot straps ? Only small children 
believe in the perfoi-mance of " The Seven 
League Boots." Well, the Patent Office 
has just granted papers to a Russian upon a 
deemed impossible boot strap act, with 
a little of the " Seven League" business 
added. The Kussian lives in St. Peters- 
burgh. He calls his invention an "appa- 
ratus for walking, running and jumping." 
The apparatus consists of bows and springs 
fastened to the feet, the legs, the waist 
and shoulders. As the knees are bent 
either to walk or run or jump, the tension 
of the bows and springs is increased, and 
the man shoots upward and forward. At 
least that is what the drawings and speci- 
fications of the invention say will happen. 
The Russian did not send over any actual 
samples of his contrivance, and the Patent 
Office people have to act upon theory only. 

k In Population of 
I860 and 1890. 

I Estimated 

Rank in rank in 

1680. 1890. 

II. Cleveland II 

! 38, Minneapolis 12 

( IS. Buffalo 13 

\ 18. Detroit 14 

» 13, Pittsburgh 15 

► 14. Washington 16 

■ 19. Milwaukee 17 

( 10. Louisville 18 

I 30. Kansas City 19 

I 45. St. Paul aO 

fi. St, Louis 

7. Baltimore 

5, Boston^ 

8, Ciucmnati 

0. San Francisco. . 

-0. New Orleans. . . . 

Facts About Money. 

nbat-k, atad a 4 

How many people know how much there 
is in this country of what people call 
"money," how much in gold and silver 
coin, and how much in greenbacks and 
other paper currency hearing the stamp of 
the United States Government ? Very 
few. Inquiry at the Treasury Department 
discovers the fact that there is. all told, 
just a little over *3, 000, 000, 000, or be- 
tween $30 and $40 apiece for every man 
woman and child in the United States, 
Of this a little over one one-half is in gold 
and silver coin, and a little less than one- 
half in paper of various kinds. Of the 
metal money about two-thirds are in gold 
and one third in silver. Of the paper 
about one-third is in U. S. notes or green- 
backs, one-fourth in silver certificates, 
one-sixth in gold certificates, one-fifth in 
national bank notes, and the remainder in 
various denominations. 

But the $2,000,000,000 of U. S. cur- 
rency are not all in circulation among the 
people. More than one-third is locked up 
in the Treasury building, and that is the 
normal state of things. One-half of all 
the gold and three-fourths of all the silver 
is locked up in the Treasury. The circu- 
lating medium in use among the people is 
three-fourths paper, the largest volume 
being in greenbacks, with silver certifi- 
cates next, then national bank notes, then 
gold certificates. But we would not be 
doing gold justice if we did not say that 
there was more gold in circulation thao 
any one kind of paper. 

What a disproportion between the 
amount of wealth and the amount of money 
in the United States! All the money in 
thfl country, including what is locked up 
in the Treasury, would not be sufficient to 
buy the real estate and the personal prop- 
erty in the city of Washington. 

Americans are not in the habit of carry- 
ing all their wealth in their pockets, and 
that is why American money is worth cent 
per cent, all the world over. 

The largest greenback extant is worth 
$10,000, and there is only one such note 
in existence. Of $5,000 notes there are 
seven; and when you come down to the 
ordinary, everyday $1,000 note, "there's 
millions in iX.''- — Washington Critic. 

Know Your Business Thor- 

Mr. Vanderbilt pays his cook ten thou- 
sand dollars a year, my boy, which is a 
great deal more than you and I earn — or 
at least a great deal more than we get — 
because he can cook. That is all. Pre- 
sumably because he can cook better thau 
any other man in America. That is all. 
If Monsieur Sauceagravi could cook toler- 
ably well, and shoot a little, and speak 
three languages tolerably well, and keep 
books fairly, and sing some, and under- 
stood gardening pretty well, and could 
preach a fair sort of sermon, and knew 
something about horses, and could tele- 
graph a little, and could do light porter's 
work, and could read proof tolerably well, 
and could do plain house and sign paint- 
ng, and could help on a threshing ma- 
chine, and knew enoufjh law to practice 
in justice's courts of Kickapoo township, 
and had once run for the Legislaiure, and 
knew how to weigh hay, he could not get 
ten thousand a year for it. He gets that 
just because he knows how to cook ; it 
wouldn't make a cent's difference in his 
salary if he thought the world was flat and 
went around its orbit on wheels. There 
is nothing like knowing your business 
clear through, my boy. from withers to 
hock, whether you know anything else or 
not. What's the good of knowing every- 
thing ? Only the sophomores are omnis- 
cient. — Boh linrilfttf in Brooklyn Eagle. 

Smiles in Verse. 

I've been a-readin' Browuin'; our schoolniami 

said he writ 
The toUest kin' er potery the wort's diskivered 

Now I like potery bett«r'n pie, or any kin" er 

An' hanker for't like winter cows a-hankeriu" 
for grass. 

I took the book down to the brook ; sez I " I'll 

hev it rich 
I'll soak myself in potery an' sentiment, an' 

The brook'U kinder keep in tune, the twboUnk 
an' birds 

An' so I started i 

In a big. bumpin' dingle c 

ploughed groun'; 
An' now an' then the ex'ud break, 

you'd go kerflop, 
Then two or three more wheels 'ud bust, and 

then the boss 'ud stop. 

I to read. 'Twas jeet like 
., right over new- 

go f 

the ( 

times upside down; 
An' then there'd come an awful jolt, a kinder 

crazy crash. 
An' fust ye'd know, the dingle cart 'ud bust 

an' go to smash. 

I 'spose that's when the poem stopped ; I didn't 

My bones wuz mixed pemuscus-like, an' all 

my jints wuz sore ; 
The bobolink flew up a tree, an' never raised a 


An' I went home, an' thirteen weeks wuz laid 
up 'ith the grip. 

— S. W. Foss in Yankee Blade. 


My love brings poems Thursday nights 

And peaimts every Monday : 

He writes from early mom till eve. 

Except, of course, on Sunday, 

He Slugs of sweetness long drawn nut. 

Of hopes cut thj-ough the middle. 

And once he tried to weave in rhyme 

The hoary Sphinx's riddle. 

He's very gay, then taciturn. 

And scathingly sardonic 

■When poetizing Plato's school— 

(That's where we get ' ' platonic ") 

For themes he scoui-s the country through 
From 'Cisco's bay to Fundy's, 
But really, if the truth were told, 
Fd rather see liim Mondays. 
—2)6 Wilt C. Lockwood in the April Century. 

A. RBrOLTiyft TALE. 

Quoth the waiter 
" What is yom-8, sir t" 

Said the guest, '' I'll have a pie." 

Returned the waiter, by-and-bye, 
" Custnrd, lemon, 

Apple, pumpkin, 

Peach, or mince, sir, will you try i" 

Guest, facetious- 
Alternating cnn-ant pie." 

Vanished waiter hurriedlye. 

Soon returned he 

With the c 

Alternating cum 
First a currant, 
Then a fly, 
'Neath the crust i 
Perished waiter 

jiVE cvniov 

Who's seeu the cat fish in the stream, 
Or the meadow lark in the gross, 

Who's seen the wind fall in the cream, 
And the tree twugh as we pa-^s ? 

Who's seen a monkey wrench a nail 
Or the peanut stand and smile. 

Who's seen the wagon tire and fait. 
While the fish halls all the wliile ? 

—New York Hirnld. 

First Dude: "See how haiWy my dog 

Second Dude: " Ya'as; his pants ar« nearly 
as loud as yours." — Smith, Gray db Co.'s 

Instruction in Pen-Work. 

) the sheet c 
yoii wish to work by laying under it a 
piece of light paper, blackened with pen- 
cil or crayon, and going over the lines 
with a hard, smooth point. Outline the 
shadows and lay on the first coat of lines, 
working from the neck to the forehead. 

venient thing. It is probably 
to remind the student that nothing but 
lodia ink is suitable for this work, and 
that it should be ground black. 


addressed t 

• thte Departm 
■"LLEV, office < 

BHof educational I' 

D F, Kellev, office ( 

Cornell has doubled its student membership 
in four years. 

In J800 America had more colleges, in pro- 
portion to the poptUation, than she has now. 

The flnst school in Iowa was taught in 1830 
just above Keokuk by Beiryman Jennings. 

The total number of graduates of the Iowa 
State Unfversity from all its departments is 

McGill University, Montreal, has received 
donations to the amount of f 1,000,000 for the 
departments of the arts, sciences and law. 

The new gymnasium for Columbia College 
is to cost ♦400,000. The money will be worse 
than wasted if it produces gymnasts instead of 

action was held to be illegal by the District 


Papa : " I bear you were a l>Bd girl to-day 
and bad to be sponkod," 

Small Daughter : " Mamma is awful strict. 
If Td a known she used to be a school teacher, 
I'd a told you not U) marry her."— Rochrstrr 

•■ What is woman's sphere?" asked a lady 
teacher on examination day. 

" Ratal " squeaked a bad small boy, and the 
teacher hopped up on a chair and screamed. 

A Sioux Indian, studying in thi> Yale I-aw 
School, intends to practice among his people 
wben he has graduated. There probably won't 
be a blanket left in the tribe.— i(iir/infl(on 
Free f^ess. 

Tecicher : " Now, my children, we will jMirse 
the sentence, ' John refused the pie.' Tommy 
Jones, what is John?" 

Tommy : " A big fool." — Htnghamton 

Schoolmistress: "Tommy, what did you 
disobey me for 1 " 

Tommy : " 'Cos I thought you'd whip me." 

Schoolmistress : "What did you want me 
to whip you tor(" 

Tommy: '"Cos pa said he would if you 
didn't, and be hurts." — S!xchange " 


"-v^ G- 

( (^^lmimi|r^Ipr.^ii^^ anal MfftwMn %>^m\mS)) > 

J^MCS « <So/y ^02 6ko^u<^ 

Turn the paper and lay on the second coat 
working from the forehead to the neck. 
Make the lines light across the light por- 
tion of the face, and as you cross the pen- 
cil line with which you have outlined the 
shadows maice them heavier. 

After this retouch such lines as neces- 
sary to bring out the li^t and shades. 
The copy from which cut is made is about 
three inches from lop of cap to bottom of 
picture, aud that is about the size for the 
student to work it. 

For enlarging faces, or any design, a 
pantograph will be found the moet con* 

For thenew Methodist University, at Wash- 
ington, D. C, a tract of ninety acres has been 
bought on the Northwestern Heights, three and 
a quarter miles from the White House. 

Statisticians claim that Bulgaria is tlie 
most uneducated country in Europe. Out of 
a population of 3,150.375. 2,t!(16.602 are unable 

A California school ma'am, who was dis- 
missed by the School Committee in 1887 with- 
out any atsigned cause, has l>een reinstated by 
fi decision of the Supreme Court, with JftOOO 
for pay in the interval. 

The School Btiard of the District of Colum- 
bia has been obliged to rescind its recent de- 
cision that women who married during their 

Teacher (promenading with hia pupil in the 

" Nature's works are marveloual " exclaimed 
the pupil. 

"Yes, indeed," the teacher replied ; "when 
you come to think, for example, that the hum- 
blest insect has its Latin name.'' 

Kitty : " How far have you got on > 
graduation essay ?" 

NelUe : "Oh, I haven't begun to tl 
alwiit writing it yet. Why, I havent ever 
lected the coloi- of ribbon to tie it with, 

Mrs. Binks : "O, Johnny, you naughty 
Hctle boy! The idea of yoitr chewing to- 

Jotuiny : "Honest, I ain't, nin. I was bad 
n school to-day, so teacher made niv put this 
u my mouth to get me sick, for a piinisb- 

Country school tnisteo to young lady ap- 
pUcaut : " Have you ever tvuched f " 

Young lady : " No, sir, but I think I am 

C. S. T. : " Twont do, "twont do. Wo want 
some one here with a pedigree." 

Visitor; "In the South hen>. is thaattond- 
ance at the public ^boot pretty fair i " 

Native : Well, some of them are vei-y fair, 
but most are rather dark mulattos." 

" I is " began Tommy, when his teacher 

interrupted him, 

"That is wrong; you should say ' I am.'" 

"All right," said Tommy. " I am the ninth 
letter of the alphabet." 


Society Note — The ciphers are us two to one 
in any 400. 

" Was Washington a polished writer ( " 
"Well he used to knock the king's English 

Mr. de Style : " Let's go to the theater to- 

Mrs. de Style : " I have nothing to wear." 

Mr. de Style: "Then let's go to the opera." 
— New York Weekly. 

Miss Decollette : " Do you go to the opera 
often, Miss Ann Gular f" 

Miss Ann Quiar ; '* No ; I cannot bare to go 
to the opera."— Oipfc. 

Stem Papa : " Ah. going T' 

Late Goer: "Yes, su*. Your daughter and 
I have enjoyed a feast of reuson." 

Stem Papa (moving his right foot with great 
velocity) : " Andnow youhave a flowof sole." 
— JftiJisey's iVeekly. 

Mra. Youngwife : " Did you ever tiy auy of 
my biscuits. Judge f" 

Judge : " No, I never did ; hut I (iare say 
they desei-ve it." 

" I hear," remarked Oilroy to a friend 
" that yon received an ovation at your lecture 
the other night." 

. " Yes," repHed the lecturer, " I did receive 
an ovation, but some of the ova were very 
stale."— rime. 

" Marriages are made in heaven,'* quoth Mfss 

"Then there is some chance for you yet," 
was the cruel response of her yomiger sister. 

A New York fashion jwiper says : " Nothing 
but coral ornaments will ho seen this season 
upon our belles." This would seem to be a 
goo<l time for cough medicine men to got in a 
few column " ads," — Lifr. 

Sharply : " Seems to me, Maud, that young 
Mr. Hankinson stayed pretty late last night. 
Did ho have any pressing business J" 

Blusbingly : " Not till juat before he went 
away, mamma. "-CAicayo Trihunr. 

Shorthaud Oavo Ulm a Start. 

Mr. John F. McCIiiin, who has boon for 
the past five years business manager in the 
New York ofllce of Messrs. Wyckoff, 8cft- 
mans & Benedict, resigned hia posttioD a 
few weeks since to accept the manuge- 
ment of the Hammond Typewriter for the 
States of New York, Connecticut and 
Northern New Jersey, a position of great 

Only a few years ago Mr, McCIain com- 
menced his career as a stenographer, and 
it was through his ability as such, together 
with rare business qualities, thut ho at- 
tained the position he now holds. 

Possibly there are few young men better 
known in typewriting circles than " Mac," 
and the Hammond people have made u 
wise selection in securing the services of 
one who will undoubtedly promote the 
interests of their machine. 

By the way, the Hammond has been 
greatly improved, and within n few weeks 
persons interested in writing machines arc 
promised a revelation. — iV. T. Shorthand 


x-k »1|>I» 


t add it 

our long list of stock diplomas that may be 
used by any college by lettering in the name of 
the institution with a pen. Wu have these now 
" BuBiucss College," 
"College of Com- 
merce "—in fact for any kind of a school, in- 
cluding special Shorthand Dii>!rn!fls. Samples 
and terms sent on receipt of twenty-five cents* 

The Round Table. 

Appoilzlne— Hand up >atir 
and If sou Don't Sec wlm 
Mke, Aitk ror It. 

\InUiol hy C. P. S'M„cr.\ 


^ The instinct of the 
iDimal seems to be 

thing he ran get 
hold of, and to 
keep on swallow- 
* long as there is any 
unfilled spa'-e within him. 
1 the time we arrive on this 
tine old planet until the time 
we depart it is a continuous 
struggle for something to eat. 
No doubt the wise old Roman whu 
remarked that "'we eat to live, not live to 
eal." was right from an ethical point of 
view; but if eating is not the sole business 
of life, at least our fleshly bodies are such 
that it certainly may be considered an in- 

And with what stuff do we load our 
stomachs ! Almost everything that lives 
and breathes and moves has supplied food 
for some part of the human family at some 
period ; nay. does so to-day. A few plants 
cannot be eaten on account of their poison- 
ous juices, and the flesh of some fishes are 
said to possess poisonous properties, 
though the most venomous reptiles may be 
and are eaten with impunity. 

The sight of worms eating a piece of 
meat fills us with disgust. If the worm 
were endowed with sufficient intelligence 
very likely he would entertain the same 
feeling toward us, who do the same thing." 
A Hottentot or New Zealander would eat 
meat, worms and all and be glad of the 

Don't turn up your nose I We're going 
to have a good long chat about things 
that human beings use for food. The 
bill of fare is a large one, and, no doubt, 
inrludes many items that may seem repul- 
sive to those of fastidious tastes. But, 
after all there is a vast deal of humbug- 
gery about taste in eating, it seems to me. 
We scoff at the eaters of rats and horses, 
yet the flesh of swme, the scavenger of 
the animal kingdom, is savory to our 
taste and an entirely proper article of diet. 
It makes our flesh creep to hear of men 
eating insects — locusts, grasshoppers, 
spiders, etc. At the same time we roll 
the (naturally repulsive) oyster on our 
tongue as a morsel fit for the Olympian 
gods, and greedily devour him alive, 
bowels and all. Among our most esteemed 
delicacies are the deformed, crawling 
crustaceans, the crab, lobster, crawfish, 
shrimp. &c. These animals are much 
less cleanly iu their habits of food than 
those insects which live on vegetable 
matter, and are not above the flesh-eating 
spider. Our dainty stomacln- are almost 
overturned with nausea at the shocking 
practice prevalent among many savage 
peoples of eating the intestines of animals 
with the rest of the body. I have already 
spoken of the oyster. Nor are we 
troubled with such compunctions when wo 
!*it before a well prepared dish of tripe 
(the stomach of one of the most uncleanly 
of animals), or titilate our palates with a 
plate of chitterlings (intestines, pure and 
simple). Think of a stomach used to ter- 
rapin and frog disdaining a choice bit of 
roast granary-bred rati 

The mntu given on the next page repre- 
sents a very respectable dinner of our day 
and country; but these articles are alto- 
gether too conventional for discussion 
here. Passing by the traditional red her- 
ring, corned beef and cabbage, &c., to 
which American brawn and brains owe so 
much, we will begin a differeut sort of 

g sections of the 

have been known iu var 
worid. Iu some of the wilder mountain- 
ous seclioDsof the Southern States is found 
a light clay, said to possess nutritive prop- 
erties, which the more ignorant natives 
eat to some extent. This could hardly be 
called a steady article of diet, but the 
natives are much addicted to chewing it. 
The practice is a very old one and prob- 
ably came from the aborigines. Sir 
Samuel Argole, writine of his explorations 
in Virginia in l(i]:j, speaks of a mme of 
peculiar earth that the Indians ate for 
physic. Humboldt tells of an Indian tribe 
living on the Rio Negro, in South Auierica, 
that lived chiefly during the rainy season 
upon a fat, unctuous clay, consisting of a 
red earthy matter they called "bole." 
The Japanese also have a species of edible 
clay which they make into thin cakes 
called "tannampo." These are eaten not 
fo much for their nutriment as for the 
alleged effect of giving women a sl^nder- 
ness of form that is much admired. 

In some portions of Nothern Europe 
abounds what is known as "' bread meal." 
This consists largely of minute shells of 
defunct infusoria and is still eaten to a 
large extent. A similar substance found in 
North Germany, and known as " mountain 
meal," is also eaten in times of food 
scarcity. Certain Central American tribes 
are said to eat clay in the intervals be- 
tween their meals, preferring the clay of 
ant hills. The colored inhabitants of 
Sierra Leone are likewise extremely fond 
of this particular kind of earth. In Guinea 
a yellowish earth called "carnac" is de- 
voured with gusto by the negroes. A white 
earth resembling ordinary pipeclay, found 
in the West Indies, is also eaten and is 
said to possess exhilarating properties like 
an alcoholic stimulant. 

Rain, I oo» and Cata a« Tabtn DetlraeleB, 

What Kre the little girls made of ? 
Sugar and spice and everything nice. 
That's what little ^rls are raatie of. 
What are little boys made of ? 
Rats and snails and puppy dogs tails. 
That's what little boys are made of. 
Frank G. Carpenter, the well-known 
traveler and newspaper writer, points out 
that the latter verse is particularly appli- 
cable to hundreds of thousands of little 
pig-tailed (Chinese who would ask nothing 
better in the world than such menu as is 
there represented. The Chinese usually 
run a sort of restaurant attachment to their 
butcher shops. The hungry purchaser 
thus has the chance to pick out his own 
portion of dog. rat or cat, with the head 
or part of the hide still on to prevent a 
rascally dealer from palming off u rabbit 
or squirrel for genuine pussy, and wait 
until it is cooked before his eyes. A black 
dog brings twice as much as one of any 
other color. Black cat's flesh is also pre- 
ferred. Cats" eyes broiled to order can be 
had fora trifle of two cents each. Everybody 
knows of the Chinese fondness for soup 
made from the gelatinous nest of a certain 
sea swallow. This is said by epicures to 
be really delicious. 

le doesn't have to go to China for 
St soup, or for the meats named 
either. In the Chinese quarter of New 
York, ten minutes from The Joitiinal 
office, one may revel iu fillet de mus. 
fricassee of rats' tails and prime ribs of 
black puppy to his heart's or stomach's 
content. The writer has set down to a re- 
past said to contain these luxuries among 
many others, served in two or three dozen 
courses, but his rebellious stomach made 
little progress beyond the rice which is the 
ground floor of the Chinese meal. 

The French traveler, Caille, tells of a 
meal that was served him in Africa by a 
Dambrc woman. The basi.* of the dish 
consisted of yams, which were smothered 
in thick sauce. After half of it had been 
eaten with relish the sauce was discovered 
to be a sort of chopped mouse stew, a 
tell-tale paw having come to view. Being 


very hungry Caille did not allow this 
trifling incident to interfere with hi* appe- 
tite and continued the meal. 

During the siege of Paris by the Prus- 
sians in 1870, over 5,000 cats were slaugh- 
tered and eaten. The kittens are said to 
taste very much like squirrels, except th^t 
that they are mere tender and sweeter. 
To such necessity were the Parisians re- 
duced for food that besides cats they ate 
rats," mice and about every species of ani- 
mal that they could get their hands on. 
Fishing for rats in the sewers at that time 
was quite a profitable occupation, as a rat 
pat6 was good for a franc and a half. 
Twelve hundred dogs were butchered and 
their flesh sold at from 40 to 60 cents a 

The Appetitti for Borse Fleih. 

Thousands of horses were also eaten at 
this time; in fact the French have long 
taken kindly to horse flesh as a steady 
article of diet. It is a staple commodity 
with all the butchers. Nor is horse eating 
confined to the French. It is said that the 
Indian horsemen of the South American 
pampas taste scarcely any other flesh. The 
Icelanders have been horse eaters for cen- 
turies. The Russians have always eaten 
horse flesh, and it has been staple in Den- 
mark since the beginning of this century. 
For 50 years the Germans have been gradu- 
ally acquiring the taste. According to 
Pliny the Romans at one time ate the flesh 
of the ass, and in Persia and other Eastern 
countriis the wild ass is considered peculi- 
arly gratifying to the palate. 

lidbtta of Savay Racm 

Almost everywhere in Africa the ele- 
phant, rhinoceros, hippopotamus, monkey 
— in fact the flesh ol any animal is eaten, 
entrails and all. The negroes of Africa are 
very fond of crocodile, and the same thing 
may be said of the crocodile with respect 
of the negro. A sort of omelet of croco- 
diles' eggs is considered a great delicacy. 
Various species of large li/ard, especially 
the Iguana, and all kinds of snakes are 
greedily devoured by certain tribes of 
Aoierican Indians, also by the Chinest 
and Australian bushmen and other savage 
tribes. When the Indian sees a rattle- 
snake the idea of dinner immediately pre- 
sents itself. If he succeeds in killing 
the snake instead of being killed by it, 
the reptile is at once boiled or roasted 
just as he is and greedily devoured, poison 
and all. This producer no uncomfortable 
consequences as the venom so deadly 
when injected in the system has no effect 
when swallowed. 

Toads and various other reptiles are eaten 
m Africa. When some of the tribes are 
preparing for war they have a great least, 
the main dish consisting of a sort of curry 
of toad with snakes' livers. This is sup- 
posed to give those who eat it greater 
courage and is a favorite dish with the 
more warlike tribes. 

Perhaps every specie of fowl known is 
an article of food in one part of the world 
or another. Even buzzards are eaten bv 
the Chinese and the African and Aus- 
tralian bushmen. 

Inaectn an a Steady Diel. 

Various kinds of insects, worms, grubs, 
&c., are well known as dietary articles in 
many parts of the world. Ant eating is 
far from uncommon, being indulged iu to 
a great extent in Africa, the West Indies 
and Central and South America. Hewera 
tells us that a certain Central Amcricao 
tribe keeps ants in yards and breeds them 
for food. Many travelers have eaten ants, 
some unwittingly, but others with full 
knowledge of what they were about, and 
the consensus of opinion is that they have 
a very pleasant taste. 

The Hottentots hail with joy the ap- 
pearance of locust swarms, though the in- 
sects proceed to eat up every vestige of 
green growing thing. During the process 
the Hottentots simply gorge themselves 
with the locusts. They also gather the 

eggs and make them into a kind of soup. 
Smoked and dried locusts are eaten ex 
teosively in Greece and Turkey and in 
most Eastern countries. A favorite man- 
ner of serving them is to sprinkle with 
salt and pepper and fry, adding a little 
vinegar. The Arabs grind them in a 
hand mill or pound and mix with flour 
into a kind of dough which they makt- 
into loaves as ordinary bread 

As a matter of fact there is no reason 
why a locust or grasshopper should not be 
a wholesome and desirable article of food. 
They subsist entirely on leaves and vege- 
tables and even in the Bible are com- 
mended as an article of food, as in Leviti- 
cus xi, 32: "Even these of them ye may 
eat: the locust after his kind, and the bald 
locust after his kind, and the grasshopper 
after his kind." The lood'of John tlu- 
Bapti&t is said to have been locusts and 
wild honey. Locusts are now eaten in Hie 
Crimea, Greece, India, Arabia, Persiii, 
Africa, Madagascar and in most Eastirn 

Not content with the honey some rude 
tribes are very fond of bees, the Barbary 
Moors particularly esteeming young bees 
in the comb. The Chinese are very fond 
of the silk worm grub. The dwellers in 
the lake regions of Central Africa make a 
sort of cake out of small dead insects 
which are washed up in myriads on the 
shores of the lakes. In Central America 
the natives make bread of the eggs of a 
laige moth. The galls of several species 
of fly are much esteemed for food in the 
East for their aromatic flavor, and are 
sold in the markets of Constantinople. 
Spiders nearly an inch in length- are 
roasted over the fire and eaten by the 
natives of New Caledonia. Even edu- 
cated Europeans have been known to eiit 
and relish them. 

Snails have been used as food from 
remote time^. According to Pliuy the 
Homans liked nothing better. They cul- 
tivated snails tor the table, fattening them 
on meal until they nttiiined great size and 
excellent flavor. At this day snails 
are largely used as food throughout 
Europe, especially in Frauce, where they 
are cultivated in special snail preserves. 
Slugs are also eaten though not to sn 
great an extent. The wire worm, larvn- 
of a small bti-tle, is eaten in large quan- 
tities by Turkish women. 

The natives of the Samoan Island^^, 
which came into great prominence a veur 
ortwo ago on account of international com- 
plications involving our country, England 
and Germany, have a curious tabic deli- 
cacy whicii they esteem very highly, 



snake about as thick as a strand of yarn 
and from five to eight inches in length. 
Only once a year (toward the last of Nov- 
ember) does the reptile appear off the 
coast. At such a period the sea seems 
fairly to swarm with them and the eager 
Samoans, men, women and children, take 
to their boats or swim out and scoop 
them up with nets, buckets, baskets and 
everything else that they can get. Out of 
the water the " palolos " die iu a few min- 
utes like fish. Many natives eat them raw. 
others roost or boil them. 

In the Sierra Nevada Mountains, in 
Southern California, grows a certain nut 
pine tree, the fragrant fruit of which at- 
tracts great numbers of a species of butter- 
fly. In August the ground under the tree 
begins to be covered with green worms as 
thick as a man's finger, and from ^ to "J J 
inches in length. The worms soon develop 
into butterflies and fly into the trees. They 
stay there eatings the oily nuts until their 
wings fall off and the ground is covered 
with them. The Indians are extremely 
fond of these nut-fattened worms, and 
build great trenches around the trees to 
prevent their escape. After gatherini: 
them in bags the Indians heat stones and 



dry them, in whicb condition they art- 
preserved for winter use when other food 
is scarce. They are usually ea'en in a kind 
of 80up, and are said to preserve the rich 
and oily flavor of the nut upon which they 

Some of the wild tribes in the interior 
of Australia live chiefly upon earth worms, 
which they devour alive. Repulsive as 
this is it scarcely equals instances noted on 
our own continent. Humboldt tells of 
Indian children in Central America whom 
he saw digging for centipedes from 18 to 
20 inches long, which were immediately 
devoured with evident relish. 

Cannibalism Oradually Dying Out, 

The affection of the South Sea Islander 
for the pale face, or for his own cousin of 
an opposing tribe, when rolled in plaintain 
leaves, stuffed with yams and barbecued 
to an appetizing brown, is well known. 
While cannibalism is undoubtedly becom- 
ing less common, the process of extinction 
is necessarily alow. Hundreds of tribes in 
Africa and Oceanica are raiiu-eaters, and 
likely to remain so for an indefinite period. 
The practice is not whoUj dead in some 
portions of South America, and is even 
said to exist to a limited extent among the 
negroes on the island of Hayti. 

Whale blubber and oil from the walrus, 
seal and various other aquatic animals is the 
chief food of the Esquimaux. They have a 
way of burying their fish until they be- 
come disgustingly putrid, when they are 
considered very delicious. 

The first mammoth ever found in any- 
thing like a state of perfect preservation 
was thawed out of an iceberg on the 
Northern coast of Siberia in the year 1799 
in an almost perfect state of pri^ervation. 
It had been there a thousand years. The 
natives at once attacked it and had half 
eaten it before the news of the discovery 
reached the ears of scientific men, who at 
once proceeded to investigate. 

A Few JEtitreea and Side Dishes, 
Two centuries ago whale with green 
peas was considered a great delicacy in 
England. It is now not so common, 
though by no means unk.iown. The tail 
and the tongue are the parts most es- 
teemed. There are two or three places in 
London to-day where whale milk is sold at 
a shillLug a glass, fresh from the whale, 
which is kept for the purpose in a mon- 
strous tank. It is claimed to be efficacious 
in case of weak lungs. 

In China, Japan and Corea fish is eaten 
raw almost entirely. It is not uncommon 
for the fisherman to take a bottle of pepper 
sauce along with him and eat the fish as 
he takes it from the hook, sprinkling a 
bit of red hot chili over it and gulping it 
down without cleaning anything off ex- 
cept the scales. These people are by no 
means dainty as to the manner in which 
their food is served. The entrails are 
sold and eaten as well as the rest of the 
meat, and a common dish at a particularly 
big dinner is chicken baked feathers, en- 
trails and all, and served whole upon the 
table. Human milk is also sold in China. 

Most people, perhaps, fancy that choco- 
late is a comparatively modern drink. The 
fact is it far antedates either tea or coffee 
in English countries. Tea was not drunk 
in England until 1010 and coffee was in- 
troduced iu 1652. 

We heiir a good deal about truffle'^ now- 
adays in connection with high-class dishes 
and most every one has ejiten them. What 
they are, however, is not generally under- 
stood. The truffle is really an oblong 
fungus tuber, from a corruption of which 
word it probably received its name. A 
peculiarity of the plant is that in its 
matured state it is apparently free from all 
shoots or connections, resting like a stone 
some distance below the surface of the 
soil. The best article comes from France 
and Algeria. It may be imagined that 

truffle hunting would be attended with 
dithculties, and so it is, uo shoot or vine 
betraying the presence of the concealed 
tuber. Nature has kindly stepped in by 
investing the plant with an aromatic 
odor. This, while too delicate to be de- 
tected by human nostrils, dots not escape 
the acuter scent of dogs trained for the 
purpose, and it is mainly through these 
sagacious animals that truffles are gathered. 
Superstitions as to the effect of certain 
vegetables on the mental as well as 
physical constitution of those v/ho eat 
them are as old as the hills. Even at this 
day we find people who pretend to believe 
that eating fish strengthens the brain on 
account of its phosphorous propeities. In 
our grandfathers' days water-cress was be- 
lieved to restore the bloom to young girls' 
cheeks, and I need not say was an ex- 

covered the country is one of the reasons 
tor believing that there was commu- 
nication between the continents ages be- 
fore that period. The banana has no 
seed, therefore could not have blown over 
or been brought over by birds, or washed 
over as cocoanuts have done. It is propa- 
gated by shoots or suckers as they are 
called. It has been estimated that it is: 
possible to grow as much as 175,000 
pounds of bananas upon a single acre of 
ground, and the tree fruits before it is a 
year old and needs no cultivation or atten- 
tion of any kind. Humboldt estimates 
that ground which will grow twenty-three 
pounds of wheat would grow ninety-nine 
pounds of potatoes or 4000 pounds of 
bananas. In other words the relative 
produce of bat anas to wheat is as 175 to 
one and to potatoes as 44 to one Not 

A Good Dinner of To-day.~Arlistic Menu Made in Thb Journal Officp. 

tremely popular article of diet among the 
fair sex. Grten ginger was good for the 
memory and conserve of roses was a capi- 
tal posset against bed time; conserve of 
rosemary and sage, according to Verniex, 
should be used by students sis it "doth 
greatly delight the brain." 



of Pood 

iof 1 


tropical countries the banana 
almost the sole article of food. 
It is eaten raw, cooked, pounded into a 
pulp and mixed with water, distilled into 
a kind of liquor and iu various other 
forms of preparation. Indeed the banana 
tree is said to be the greatest single obsta- 
cle to civilizing the countries in which it 
flourishes. It grows pretty much every, 
where between the tropics, but is said by 
botanists to have originated on the Malay 
Peninsula. The fact that it was found in 
tropical America when the Europeans dis- 

ouly this, but the iact that people can sub- 
sist entirely with no other food proves that 
the banana possesses pet-uliar nutritive 
powers which wheat and even potatoes 

Man'a Pood-StOTaye Vapacity—Sotne 

Tales of Oluttoiui. 
The average American Indian, though a 
natural glutton and possessed of a stomach 
that will stop short of nothing that can be 
masticated, like the Arab, has the happy 
faculty of preserving his strength on ex- 
tremely short rations. Indians have been 
known to go for days without touching 
food of any description, apparently little 
weakened by the abstinence. On auch 
occasions they wear a belt which they draw 
lighter day after day as their unfilled 
stomachs recede. When at last they do 
come to food they will gorge themselves 
like a beast of prey or snake, and throw- 
ing themselves down remain in an almost 

torpid condition \mtil what they have 
swallowed has had tuae to digest. 

The Hottentots, bushmen and savage 
South Africans generally are enormous 
gluttons. Ten of them, says Barrow, ate 
in his presence the whole of an ox, all but 
the hind legs, in three days, and the three 
Boesmans that accompanied his wagon de- 
voured a sheep in leas than twenty-four 

In cold climates tsuch feats as these 
would be only trifles. Parry and Ross 
have recorded cases that were they not 
well attested would pass belief. Sir Ed- 
ward Parry once tried the capacity of an 
Esquimau scarcely full grown, and this in- 
teresting young savage contrived in 44 
hours to devour four pounds, four ounces 
of the raw hard frozen flesh of a seahorse, 
a like quantity of it boiled, one pound, 13 
ounces of bread and bread dust, a pint and 
a quarter of rich gravy soup, a tumbler of 
strong grog, one glass of raw spirits and 
nine pints of water. Sir John Rosa was 
of the belief that the daily rations of an 
Esquimau were twenty pounds of flesh and 
blubbt,-, but in extenuation of so enormous 
a consumption as this the severity of the 
climate must be taken into account. 

Captain Cochrane, on the authority of 
the Russian Admiral Saritcheff, tells 
how one of the Yakuts had consumed the 
hind quarters of a large ox iu twenty-four 
hours, together with twenty pounds of 
fat and a proportionate quantity of melted 
butter. As the man had already gorged 
himself in this fashion it hardly seemed 
possible that he would be able to consume 
any more, but the worthy Russian Admiral 
to test him gave the savage a thick por- 
ridge of rice boiled with three pounds 
of butter, weighing altogether 38 pounds. 
The glutton sat down to this abundant 
banquet, although he had just partaken of 
a hearty breakfast, and without stirring 
from the seat or showing any sign of in- 
convenience got through the whole. Cap- 
tain Cochrane adds that a good large calf 
weighing 200 pounds will just make a 
meal for four or five Yakuts and that he 
has seen three of them consume a whole 
reindeer at one meal. 

FranTc G. Carpenter, who has been 
pretty much over the whole world, thinks 
the Coreans as a race are the greatest glut- 
tons to be found anywhere. The average 
man the country over eats everything he 
can get his teeth on, and he will take a 
dozen meals a day if he have the chance. 
Mr. Carpenter had sixteen chair-bearers in 
a trip which he took into the interior. These 
bearers stopped at almost every house to 
rest and feed. They would drop off one 
by one into the fields of turnips by the 
wayside and for the next half mile would 
go along eating raw turnips. The bigger 
a man's stomach is in Corea the more 
wealthy he is supposed to be, and you see 
pol-bellied youngsters everywhere you go. 

There are plenty of well authenticated 
instances of stone eaters. Fr. Paulian, a 
French Savant, gives this account: 

"In the beginninti of May, 1760, was 
brought to Avignon a true litbophagi or 
stone eater. He not only swallowed flints 
of an inch and a half thick, but such 
stones as he could reduce to a powder, such 
as marbles, pebbles, etc., he made into 
paste, which was to him a most agreeable 
and wholesome food. This stone eater 
was found three years ago in a Northern 
inhaluted island by some of the crew of a 
Dutch ship. Since I have had him I make 
him eat raw flesh with his stones. I could 
never get him to swallow bread He will 
drink water, wine and brandy, which last 
liquor gives him infinite pleasure. He 
sleeps at leiist 12 hours a day, sitting on 
the ground with one knee over the other 
and his chin resting on his rigiit knee." 

A. writer in Good Ilmlth points out that 
the number of illustrioa'i persons who have 
fallen victims to appetite is appalling to 
one who has never given the matter atten- 
tion. Henry I died of indigestion occa- 
sioned by a surfeit of eels. The death of 

AH I .lOlTKN.Vi: 

Pope was imputed by his friendB to a cer- 
tain silver sauce-pan in which it wis one 
of his chief delights to prepare potted 
lampreTs. KiuK George I died in a lit of 
jndigestioo, the result ol his habitual gour- 
mandizing. Charles Dickens was a great 
gourmand, and doubtless owed his prema- 
ture death to this cause. Delia Porto, 
Manutius, Dujardio and many others, 
justly celebrated as scholars, painters, 
architects and in the various professions, 
arc set down by their biographers as hav- 
ing died of dyspepsia, caused by overeat- 
ing and improper food. 

How many of Tun Joujinal readers 
would inmginethat more than $2,000,000.- 
000 are invested in the dairy business in 
the United Slates alone ! Yet the figures 
are within the mark. This is almost 
double the amount invested in banking 
and commercial industries. It is estimated 
that 15,000,000 cows are required to sup- 
ply the demand for milk and its products 
in this country. To iced these cows 60,- 

the annual milk product of this country 
does. I may say that these figures are 
taken largely from n carefully written 
article in the Philadelphia Pres». 

If nothing stronger than milk -went 
down the throats of the people as a bev- 
erage doublless the country would be far 
better off. Of intoxicating beverages con- 
sumed, I give the official figures for 1888 
— the latest that are accessible. Of spirit- 
ous liquors the consumption was 75,845,- 
352 gallons, or an average of slightly less 
than one and one-quarter gallons for each 
man, woman and child in the country. 
Of wines, 36,335,068 gallons were drunk 
(0.65 of a gallon pei capita). The con- 
sumption of beer, ale and other malt 
liquors reached the enormous total of 
767,587,056, or 12.48 gallons for each in- 
habitant. The cost of this was something 
stujiendous — immensely in advance of the 
money spent on education, public and 
private, churches, hospitals and other 
charitable and benevolent institutions 
combined The following table, compiled 
from trustworthy sources, shows the per 

and smoking tobacco are consumed; 8,- 
000,000 pounds are used in the manufact- 
ure of suuff; 6,000.000 pounds are re- 
quired in the production of cigarettes; 
and 4.000,000 pounds of cigars are im- 
ported. This would make an average 
annual consumption of five pounds for 
every person in the country. But 
as not more than one-fifth of our 
population use tobacco, it follows that 
those who do consume on an average 
twenty-five pounds each per annum. Opin- 
ions diflfer as to whether this article should 
be designated a luxury or a necessity. In 
speaking of the cost of the tobacco habit, 
an exchange says: If the tobacco users 
of the United States would abstain for a 
period of two years from chewing, smok- 
ing and snuff-taking habit, and place the 
money they would spend for tobacco ia 
that period in a common fund, there 
would be enough money in the fund to al- 
most wipe out the entire national debt, 
and five years would give the head of 
each family in the United States enough 
money to invest in an eighty acre home- 


Cover Stamp of Ames'' Book of Flourishes.— Designed and Executed in Thb Journal Office. 

000,000 acres of land are under cultivation. 
Agricultural and dairying machinery and 
implements in use are worth over $200,- 
000.000. The men employed in the 
business number 750,000 and the horses 
over a million. The cows and horses con- 
sume annually 30,000,000 tons of hay. 
nearly 9i>,000.000 bushels of corn meal, 
about the same amount of oiitmeal, 275,- 
000,000 bushels of bran, 30,000.000 bushels 
of corn, to say nothing of tons of brewery 
grains, sprouts and other questionable feed 
of various kinds that are used. It costs 
$450,000,000 to feed these cows and horses. 
The average price paid for the laborer 
necessary in the dairy business is probably 
$20 a mouth, amounting to $180,000,000 a 
year. The average cow yields about 450 
gallons of milk a year, which ^ves a total 
produce of 0,750,000,000 quarts. Twelve 
cents u gjiUon is a fair price to estimate 
the value of this milk, a total return to the 
dairy larmer of $810,000,000 if he sold all 
of his milk iis nulk. but 50 i)er cent, of 
milk is made into cheese aud butter. 
Ninety-seven pounds of milk are required 
to make one pound of butter and about ten 
pound.-* to one of cheese. There is the 
tyvnie amount of uutritiou in 8i pounds of 
milk that there is in one pound of beef and 
fat. The steer furnishes 50 per cent, of 
beof, but it would require about 24,000,- 
000 steers weighing 1500 pounds apiece to 
produce the same amount of nutrition as 

capita cost of schools and liquor saloons 
in more than half the States of the Union : 

SchoolH. Saloona. St^hoofs. Saloons. 

Ala .W 2.74 Conn. ...2.67 15.88 

Ark 92 2.57 iU 3.09 12.^1 

Ga 42 4.69 Iowa.. . .2..'i3 10. .>i 

Ky im 7.64 Mass. ...3.68 14.74 

La 44 18.09 Mich. ...2.26 11.41 

Miss... .67 3.48 Minn. ...2.12 13.03 
N.C... .44 4.38 N. J....1.8W 21.47 

S. C... .S9 3. OB N.Y,...2.49 23.78 

Tenn... .61 4.00 Ohio. ...2.78 17.81 

Va 87 .'j.54 Pemi....2.12 14.78 

Cal....3..')0 40.16 Wis 2.33 14.47 

For every dollar spent on schools in 
Louisiana about $41 is expended for 
strong drink ; about one to twelve in New 
Jersey and California, while in Arkansas, 
which shows the smallest proportion, the 
saloons cost nearly three times what the 
schools do. Even with this startling 
showing it is a fact beyond dispute that 
the United States is by odds the most tem- 
perate of civilized countries in the use of 
strong drink. 

TAr After Dinner Cigar. 

Tobacco can hardly be called an article 
of diet, though the after dinner cigar must 
not be left out of consideration. Indeed 
the commodity iu every form naturally sug- 
gests itself in this connection. 

The amount of tobacco annually con- 
sumed in the United States is estimated by 
an apparently competent authority at 310,- 
000,000 pounds. Seventy million pounds 
are utilized in the production of domestic 
cigara; 222,000,000 pounds of chewing 

stead farm in the far Western States and 
Territories; or it would give us a navy of 
fifty first-class war vessels, fully equipped, 
and create a fund that would man and 
maintain them and the Navy Department 
for a period of at least twenty-five years. 

Notable HtatorictM Jtangueta. 

History abounds with accounts of 
notable banquets that cost the ransom of a 
king, and any schoolboy can readily cite 
instances. One of the most noted was the 
feast of Belshazzar, King of Babylon. 
While the king and nobles were thus re- 
joicing the fancied security of the city. 
Cyrus at the head of the Persian invaders 
was entering the doomed place through 
the bed of a river artificially diverted from 
Its course. The old Athenians were high 
livers, and Kpicurus. one of their youug 
philosophers, gave the name that applies 
to gourmets to-day Properly speaking, 
however, there is no good reason which 
this should not apply to the seeker aft;r 
any species of pleasure. The rich Romans 
in the days of the Cffisars, and for several 
centuries after, used to expend fortunes on 
a single banquet. Lucullus wa.^; perhaps 
the most noted of them all, a single meal 
given by him to a private party sometimes 
costing as much as $30,000 of our money. 
The celebrated banquet with which Cleo- 
patra entertained Antony is variously es- 
timated to have cost from $30,000 to 
$00,000. Rider Haggard puts the value 

of the great pairl which Egypt's Queeu 
dissolved in vinegar and drank on this oc- 
casion at the enormous figure of ten sl^- 
tertia— about $400,000! This seems in 
credible, but the draught was probably tlu- 
most expensive that has gone down a hunmii 
throat since the world began. 

Some of our modern feasts cost fabulous 
sums. Many times during a year banquets 
costing thousands, sometimes tens of 
thousands of dollars, are served to private 
parties at Delmonico's and other high- 
class restaurants of New York. The cost 
of one such repast would meet all the ac- 
tual needs of a person for a long lifetime. 
In some respects the most remarkable 
meal served in modern times was that to 
which the mayors of France sat down on 
August 18 last, as one of the features of 
"Tte Centennial celebration of the French 
Revolution It was held at the Palais de 
rindustrie. Think of a formal banquet 
at which 13,000 persons were seated, aud 
which required the provision of 80,000 
plates, 53,000 glasses. 27,000 bottles of 
wine, hogsheads of soup, tons upon tons 
of eatables, and nearly 1400 waiters and 
scullions! President Caruot and all the 
great functionaries participated. 

Next month we will talk about animals. 
If you have anything to say, out with it 
now. JoNtiUii.. 

How Postage Stamps are Made. 

A writer in the New York United StaU-x 
Mail gives some interesting details con- 
nected with the process of making postage 
stamps : 

As soon as they emerge from the hy- 
draulic press, postage stamps are gummed. 
The paste is made from clear starch, or 
rather its dextrine, which is acted upou 
chemically and then boiled, forming a 
clear, smooth, slightly sweet mixture. 
Each sheet of stamps is taken separately, 
placed upon a fiat board, and its edges 
covered with a light metal frame. Then 
the paste is smeared on with a wide white- 
wash brush, and the sheet is laid between 
two wire racks and placed on a pile with 
others to dry. Great care is taken in the 
manufacture of this paste, which is per- 
fectly harmless. This gratifying fact has 
been conclusively proved by an analysis 
recently made by an eminent chemist. 
After the gumming another pressing in the 
hydraulic press follows. Then another 
counting — in fact, stamps are counted no 
less than thirteen times during the process 
of manufacture. The sheets are then cut 
in half, each portion containing one hun- 
dred stamps, this being done by girls with 
ordinary hand shears. Next follows the 
perforation, which is performed by machin- 
ery. The perforations are first made in a 
perpendicular line and afterward in a hori- 
zontal line. Another pressing follows — 
this time to get rid of the raised edges on 
the back of the stamps made by the die^, 
and this ends the manufacture. A sepa- 
rate apartment is devoted to the picking 
and sending off the stamps to diiTercut 
post offices. It will be seen by this ac- 
count that any absurd rumor concerning 
the poisonous or unclean properties of 
postage stamps is utterly without foundu- 

A Sort of Crazy Volapuk. 

" Volapiik has a vigorous rival iu the 
Chinook jargon, which is the medium of 
communication between about fifty tribe.'', 
who would otherwise be utterly unable to 
understand one another." 

This was said in the Richelieu a few 
evenings ago by Dr. C. E. Bevin. of Port- 
land, Oregon. 

" This lauguage is not a hundred years 
old," continued he, " but it is now in cur- 
rent use over a vast territory in Oregon. 
British Colu.ubia and Alaska. It orig- 
inated because of the great number of dis- 
tinct languages in this region. It was im- 
possible to do much busiuess along the 
Pacific Coast until a trade language ol 
easy form had gradually formed itself. 1 
think that Horatio Hale, at one time a 
member of the United States exploring 
expedition, was about the first to devote 
any attention to this subject. He drew 
up a vocabulary of about 250 words. Of 
these 18 were of Nootka origin, 111 were 
Chinook, 10 formed by onomatopceia, 31 
English, 34 French, and the remainder of 
doubtful origin. Iu 1803 the vocabulary 
had increased to 500 words and a simple 
grammar had developed. Now v/e often 
hear jargon in Oregon. There are dic- 
tionaries of jargon, and sermons are 
preached and songs sung in the new 
Chinook. It has rendered an immense 
service to commerce in our part of the 
world, and demonstrated that an interna- 
tional language would be practicable." 



By C. C. Cammcuk, Waco, Texms. 

PiiXMAN's Art Journal 

Advrrtiaing raUa, 30 cmta p«r nonpareil 
tine, $-i.SOper inch, each insertum. Discounts 
for term and ajKtce. Special estimates fur- 
nished on ajrplication. JVo advertisements 
taken for less than tZ. 

Subscription : (Me year $1 ; one number 10 
cents. No fre* samples except to bona ftde 

ayents who . 

taking subscriptions. 

Foreign aubsnriptic 

tal Union) tl.SSperj/ 

subscribers, to aid them i 



New York, Ju 


Lmwiij Iu RumIdcsi Wrltlm-No. 1 81 

InBi"u?lfoiil^p'"''w*t^N' ^J™^^'""'*"" Sights. 

"T»-.w '' 

HunibUKBery or Tfnteln Eating; Peoplc^'K'ho Eot 
Clay and Din ; Rate, Dog* and Cat« as Table 
pelkaciPK T Thf; Appi^tlte for Horep Klesli : Tlfl- 
Wu of sovnue Raws ; InflecigoB a Su-ady Diet ; 
CnuLliiiill-m Gradually Dying Out'j'^SoiTift Arc-' 

Tint Ledger Boad>ngs "......'. 

A FEW week3 more 
win tiod the Business 
EtJiicfitors' Associa- 

beautiful shores of 
I Lake Chautauqua. It 
' is thought that the 
atteudance will ex- 
rvc(\ that for several 
M.irs. The journey 
iiM'lf is well worth 
the takiDg from any 
part of the country 
for the beauty of the 
surroundings, and the 
associations of the 
! sincerely hoped that 
the younger element of the profession will 
show itself in force. The following letter 
was received a few days since from the 
chairman of the Executive Committee : 
Editor Jouiinal ; 

Permit the Executive Committee of the 
B. E. A. of A. to state through your 
columns that the arrangements for " the 
Twelfth Annual Convention, to be held at 
Chautauqua, beginning July 23, are nearly 
perfected, and that the prospect for an un- 
usually large attendance and an interesting 
session are most cheering. 

Whether the program, as published 
in the May issue ot The Jouknal, can 
be adhered to strictly, on account of 
the bewildering attractions that will be 
presented every day by the Chautauqua au- 
thorities, ia uncertain. Since the lectures 
and entertainments referred to consume 
but four and a half houi-s a day, however 
it is apparent that our members will be 
able to attend them and yet have all the 
time that will be necejwary to carry out 
our exereises as outUued. The Chautau- 
qua program provides no public exercises 
excepting from 11 a.m. to 12. 2.30to5, 
and 8 to tl p.m. This arrangement will 
allow us from 8.30 to 11 a.m., 1 to 2.30 
and 0.30 to 8 p.m. each day for our work 
which it is believed will be sufficient. 

Bishop Vincent informed me, in a re 
cent interview, that the Chautauqua 
authorities will do everything within the 
raiigf of reason to render our meeting suc- 

cessful, and to contribute to our happi- 
ness individually and collectively. 

The Executive Committee is looking 
forward to the meeting with high expecta- 
tions. Respectfullv yours, 

" L L. \VlLLIAM«, 

Chairman Executive Committee. 

Namm, Kentlemoii, Name* and 

It ought not to be necessary for us to con- 
tinually remind business teachi-rs and other 
experts in prartieal affairs to be more careful 
with their correspondence. It is a very com- 
mon thing for us to receive packages and even 
fetters without any address or other means of 
identification. Doubtless when the writer 
sends such a meeage as ttiis; " Under separate 
cover we mail you specimens for notice," rolls 
up the specimeuF and forwards them without 
any marft of identification, he has in his mind 
that we will naturally associate them with his 
letter. If he would stop to think that it is a 
very common thing for us lo receive a dozen 
such letters by one mail it must occur to him 
that frequent mistakes are liable to arise. We 


Curr<>Dl I.ll«rature. 

—The June Century opens with another ar- 
ticle by Albert Shaw, whose paper on " Glas- 
gow" recently attracted so much attention. 
This time Mr. Shaw treats of "Loudon Poly- 
technics and People's Palaces." asubject which 
IS particularly timely, as similar institutions 
are springing up in different parts of the world. 
The frontispiece is a portrait of Walter Besant. 
author of "All 8oi-ts and Conditions of Men." 

John La Farge. who is writing '* An Artist's 
letters from Japan," this month describes the 
very beautiful tomple of lyf^mitBu. and makes 
some general remarks on Japanese orehitect- 
uie. These papers, being both illustrated and 
written by the famous colorist, are quite 
unique in their treatment of a subject which 
is growing in popularity— namely, the Ufe, 
art, religion, and thought of the Japanese. 

This being the first summer number of the 
Century, Walter Camp's illustrated paper on 
" Track Athletics iu America" is particularly 

Perhaps the most strikiiig feature of this 

byD.~B. W.i-_'-j, 

..*• "»'";'/""- '*'. ■•■o.-M: "Blossom," by 
Mrs. Katt? UpM^n Clark, and " The Indian 
Guardian," by Grace Dean McLeod. Two 
serials are begun: -The Quest of the Whip- 
ping Boy," by Georgiana Washington, au 
amusmg schoolroom extravaganza, and '■ The 
New Senior at Andover," by Herbert 0. Word. 

— C. W, Barde*n, publisher, Syracuse, sends 
us a neat volume, embodying the proceedings 
ot the memorial meeting held by the Syracust? 
Browning Club on January ». The volume is 
prefaced bya fac-timile autograph letter from 
the ^reat poet to Mr Bardeen accepting an 
appointment for a meetuig The Syracuse 
Browning I liil is t!i I i^ t in -Vmenca, hav- 
ing been \ t-ars 

—No nil I ectfor AiMflr- 

l.. Wet ' 
pagts 111 

I the Library 
I) M hv Charle« 

I i"<i pi eventing 
tia ts t! nn the writings of 
e and adopted, from the time 

Tl„ Al«<«, Cut I 

Jf7rfp ™ The JoiJRNil. Uffire for a Bank in Press by the Clias. S. Macnair nMisldn'j Co.. Detroil. Presented 
as a Specimen of Round-Hand Script. 

Penmanship as Taught by Our Business Colleges. (Stockton, Cal., B. CO 

y ^f^z.iry'7-7y^ffi^i^^'?'T''tr/-/0^i*i^''Z''-t^ 

ting the addrt^,^ mid i: 
batch of articles ser 
fei-red to in the letter 

have received a dozen packages in the past 
month that we are not able to place at all. One 
is an engraving representing a young lady 
posing before a typemiter (Caligraph) asking 
for an estimate on producing a cut of that de- 
scription. It would save much trouble and 
innoyance to adopt an invariable rule of put- 
ime on every article or 
., whether they are re- 
V not. Then if by any 
lident they should become detached from 
communication referring to them it would 
an easy matter to straighten things out. 

The above specimens an; from the Stock- 
ton Bus. College, Penman F. E. Cook 

"The first is in the style that I write 
copies for business students. The other is 
by A. U. Fuson, a graduate of mine, book- 
keeper for Hedges, Buck & llo." 

Teacher Wanted. 

A first-<:lass couiinereial t^^ucber may secure 
a [Hteition iu a Im'ge business school by ad- 
dressing " We-st^rn," lare Penman's Aet 

number is the beginning of another anony- 
mous novel called " The Auglomaniaes." The 
scene is laid in New York, and the story is 
evidently written by one who knows well the 
situation. The pictures are furnished by 
C, D, Gibson, who knows how to give charm 
to his heroines. 

—St. Nicholas for June has an exciting and 
instructive story, "With Stick and Thread.'' 
by L. Clarke Davis, relating a boy fisherman's 
triumph m capturing a " red drum " with rod 
and reel. No angler con read it without a de- 
VJ^ .;."* start at once for the Hshinjr Eroimds 
It IS Illustrated by M.J. Burns. Another strikine 
tSJ'^nf^ rin'^f ""V"'" I'y M- A. Cassidy. 
teUing of a httle boy who had one brother in 
the I-ederal and one in the Coutederato armv 
Beiug unwilhug to decide agamst either, he 
compromises by having a p^ti-eoloi-ed suit 
one side gray and one side blue • 

wl^^'irxj''^'" "? /Jescribed and analyzed by 
Herbert Mupes, intercollegiate champion, and 
the article is lUustrated both from photogi-aX 
and by H. A. Ogden. " Orie," bv Florence A 
Mernam, is a pretty story of a pet Baltimore 
oriole. It IS illustrated bv Nucent 

A novel feutmf ih -'A li.-i.,,- /■»> *,.-.„, 

Adaroto Al.i ,1, n,. I n , 

of the original John Smith to the present day 
It IS edited by Edmund Clarem* Stedman, the 
poet-banker, and Ellen Mackay Hutchinson, 

-Mr. Andrew J. Graham, the shorthand 

tiful fronti.sjii. . . i.i i n ,.',.".' .,',1'"'!' 
lustratesasLTvu,'. l..-ui.tiiul. i.r\nmj Bros* 
non Kmg, entitled " Little Sir Lionel " The 
number Is almost entirely given to short 

C work. iSo Grabam v 

ived the official proceedings 

without ii 

—We have 1 
of the B. E. A. at their Eleventh Annual 

Sheuaiiiluub, lo- 

f half a dozen pagt« 

which we have held and 

supplifiES. The ' 

it, the 


ROM THE hand- 
some engraved in- 
vitations seat out. we Judge that 
they do things up in ship-shape 
at the Spencerian Bus. Col- 
lege, Washington, D. C, 
when it comes to graduat- 
ies. 1 be event 
occurred on May 'i*», and 
B the twenty-fourth 
liversary. The grad- 
uating class was di- 
■ vided about equally be- 
_ 'o sexes. Prof. 

^^^. ~' H. C. Spencer addressed 
the gentlemen and Mrs. 
Siwncer the ladies . The awarding of diplomas 
was won by Hon. William T. Harris, U. SS. 
Commissioner of Education, who made an ad- 

—J. C. Emerick, the accomplished young 
man who has establishi'd a business connection 
with Chaffee's Institute, Oswego, has a marvel- 
ous command of the instrument he wields. We 
are pleased to note that bis mail business 
Is assuming flattering proportions. 

—J, A. IStroburg, of the faculty of the Au- 
gustana Bus. College, Rockland, 111., is master 
of a style of writing that must give his corres- 
pondeuts pleasure. He is also a teacher of 
progressive ideHs. 

— W . U. Mortland, a Musselmauian, whose 
work has been shown in The Jodrnal, has 
bought the interest of C. E. D. Parker in the 
Central Business College, Leaveuworth, Kan., 
the firm now being Leach S Mortland. The 
prosjiects for this school were never brighter. 

—The twenty-seveuth annual exercises of 
the ProvidencH B. and S. College will be held 
on June 2«. There are to be musical and liter- 
ary exercises and a steamboat excursion . 

—The fall term of the Rushville (III.) Normal 
and Commercial College opens on September 2. 
Principal Maxwell Kennedy is well pleased 
with the school's prospects for continued and 
increasing pi'osperity. 

— Corso, Mo. , has a very promising penman 
in S. P. Morris, who loses no opportunity to 
enrich his library with the latest works on 
everything pertaining to his profession. 

— W. J. Musser. a graduate of Duff's Bus, 
College, Pittsburgh, and a capable penman, 
has purchased from E. B. Guion a balf interest 
in a Washington, Pa,, Bus. College. 

—On the evening of May 15 the Fourth An- 
nual reunion of the students and graduates of 
the Spencerian Writing Acauemy, Philadel- 
phia, ^as held at the rooms of tbat institution, 
l(XKl Arch street. After music and addresses 
Principal T. H. M'Cool presented diplomas to 
the graduates. The mvitation represents the 
work of a very competent engraver. 

— While we think of it, a word in commen- 
dation of the work of J. W. Waful, Nesque- 
honing. Pa., is quite in order. 

— No one can examine the catalogue of the 
liidianapoUs Bus. University without coii- 
trecting a goad opinion of the intellectual and 
practical resources of the gentlemen who con- 
trol the destinies of that school, \notber con- 
clusion, inevitable in the premises, is the pros- 
perity of the school, of which the catalogue 
gives so msiny evidences. The past year has 
shown an increase of business much greater 
than any previous year, and Messrs, Hecb and 
Oslxirn, the proprietors, are to be sincerely 

— The new directorate of the Jamestown, 
N. Y., Bus. College, includes J. J. Crandall. 
Ptincipal. and F. W. Crossfield, secretary, 
buth capable and experienced men. Mr. Cran- 
dall ha^ served as school commissioner of Cat- 
taraugus County and has also won the honors 
attaching to the presidency of the New Tork 
State Association of School Commissioners 
and Superintendents. 

— C. E. Webber, who for some time has been 
connected with the Davenport, Iowa, Bus. Col- 
lege and whose Hue script specimen was shown 
in The Journal last month, has beeu engaged 
to teach next season at Atkinson's Bus. College, 
Sacramento, Cal. 

— " An uld school nith anew management" — 
the Archibald Bus. College. Rickard & Gru- 
luan, proprietors. These gentlemen say that 
ihey have found business good during the past 
year and have a good deal more in sight for 
next. They certainly have studied t« advan- 
tage the art of making attractive circulars. 

—J. C. F. Kyg«r, A.B.. late of Baylor Col- 
lege. Waco. Tex , has established the Gate 
City Bus, College, at Denison. Tex., and re- 
ptirts an encouraging outlook. E. L. Owsley 
is the secretary. Mr. Kyger is a very earnest 
and enthusiastic t«acher of penmanship and is 
now at work on some instruction books. 

— H. B. Fleming, of Enten'rise. Kan., has 
been instructing a large class in the mysteries 
of the peumau's art. He also does a good 
business writing cards, invitations, &c. 

— We flud a good deal to admire in the ease 
and grace exhibited in letters received from 
president F. E. Woo<l, of Wood's Bus. College, 
ScrantoD, Pa, 

— Pi-incipal B. A. Davis, Jr., of the Virginia 
Bus. College, Stuart, Va.. has accepted a 
proposition from the business men of Bedford 
City, Va.,to remove his school to that place. 
The transfer will be made nent month. A fine 
building with accommodations for four hun- 
dred students will be the home of the iustitu- 

— M. J. Catou has now a trinity of bus. 
colleges, the latest addition being at Detroit, 
Mich. We learn from a notice in a Detroit 
paper that the imuiediate management of this 
institution will be intmst«d to Mr. Alexander 
Elmsiey. secretary. C. W. Campbell, a teacher 
of many years experience, will have charge of 

ever form it may be. and hims*! 
tic [>en worker. 

— E. L. McUravy has disposed of the Law- 
rence, Kan., Bus. College, of which he had been 
president for years. We are not informed who 

—J. F. Cozait, of the Washington College. 
Irvington, Cal.. is the latest addition to the 
faculty of Heald's Business College, San Fran- 
cisco. He is an excellent oU-round penman, 
equally at home at script, lettering or flourish- 

—Frank J . Sprague, of the faculty of Union 
Academy Commercial Department. Belleville, 
N. Y., will teach next season in the Porter 
Bus. College. Fort Plain. N. Y. He has the 
i-ejiutation of being an energetic and capable 

— The Pliil<tde!phia Strnogfaphi-r, published 
at 1134 Garroi-d street, Philadelphia, is the 
latest shorthand periodical that has come to 
our attention. The growth of this sort of 
journalism in the past few years has been sim- 

Design for Book lUustratic 

Pkj.iI of r. II. MrCool, PhUadelph 

the business department, and J. H. Roney, 
a teacher of 12 yeai"s standing, will conduct 
the department of theory, 

—The Wyman Institute, Upper Alton, 111., 
prints a business-like circular, in the front of 
which the various buildings connected with the 
institution are shown. The pictm'e gives the 
appearance of a small town. The buildings 
are in the modern style, spacious and attract- 

— An attractively engraved 
nounced the fifth aimual 
cisea of the Wilkes-BaiTC. Pa., Bus. Collide, 
hdd on May 21st. From the business depart 
ment there were forty-four mole graduates and 
eleven female. The shorthand and typewrit- 
ing department yielded one male and seven 
female graduates. These were exclusive of the 
night school graduates, numbering eleven. 
Frederick Schneider is principal of this school 
andW. S. Chamberlain, the well-known pen- 
man, secretary. 

— Many practical sketches are to be foimd in 
the Practical Bxtsinexa Edurator, Covington, 
Ind. L. M. Holmes is editor and proprietor. 

— J, T. Humphries, of the Albion. la., Semi- 
nary, is an aduiii-er of fine pen work in what- 

From a cursory examination 
this particular youngster is apparently well 
fed and able to stand squarely on its legs. 

— People who are uot above being interested 
by details connected with the practical side of 
life wiU find much to their taste m Business. 
published at Norwich, 'Conn. A. R. Birchard, 
Principal of the Snell Bus. College, is editor, 
and does his work with excellent judgment 

— T. M. WUhams and J. M. Phmips, of the 
Actual Bus. Coll., Pittsburgh, advertise with 
a profusely illustrated cii-cular. 

— From Des Moines we have The Account- 
ant, a paper devoted to practical education in 
all its branches. The printing and the editing 
are both done with care, and the subscription 
price of 50 cents a yeor ought to make affan-s 
in the counting room boom. 

—The latest catalogue issued by C. P. 
Zaner, Columbus, Ohio, is worth buying and 
pa>'ing well foi as a specimen book. It is 
something unique in the line of M.*hool cata- 
logues, and setA an example that many schools 
might profit by. An expensive wood-<nit 
paper is used, and the mechanical details ore 
of the best. The illustrations are of script, 
Nourishing, portrait work and geueraJ onui- 

mental penwork, and the " general get up " of 
the pamphlet gives evidence of a good deal of 
brain work, as well as extremely skillful hand 
work. If a book of this kiml d<xi<n't bring 
business it would a.'em to indk«t« a degree of 
obtuseuees on the imrt of the public that we 
shoidd be pained to think existed. 

— M, L, Miner, late associate principal of the 
Interlake Bus. Coll., Lan-smg, Mich., has en- 
gage<l to teach at the Jersey City Bus, College. 
Mr. Miner is one of many teachers who have 
been put in first-class positions within two 
months through the medium of the Journal 
Employment Bureau. 

— P, T. Bent*>n, of the Iowa (-'ity Bus. Col- 
leges, does a brisk business filling local and 
mail orders for pen work and hand engraving, 
being a proficient in both arts. 

—The great auditorium of the Metropolitan 
Opera House, New York, with its five or six 
tiei-H of boxes, wa.s packed to overflowing on 
the evening of May 30. It was Packard's coni- 
1, and that always brings out a rep- 
■tro)x>litan osHemblage. On 
the stage were the faculty, graduates and 
speakers. Fifty-flve diplomas were awarded 
to graduates from the school of business. 
There was just a »easonidg of girls in this de- 
partment. The girls led largely in the shorts 
hand dei)artiuent, however. 4U graduating in 
all from this depai'tment. Mr, Packard 
awarded the lUplonias. The speakers were 
Rev. Charles H, Eaton, Rev. John R, Paxton, 
Gen, Wager Swayne, Gen. Clinton B, Pisk 
and J. Edward Simmons, President N. Y. 
Board of Education. Rev. William Lloyd 
pronumiced the benediction- The mu.^c was 
by Cappa's celebrated Seventh Regiment 

— W. H. Carrier, Adrian, Mich., has made 
an improvement on his well-kno^vn writing 
attachment tbat much increases its value. 
This little instrument, we ore glad to learn, has 
made many friends. As the inventor well says 
in a private letter, those who have given it an 
intelligent test have invariably got good re- 
sults from it, and those who are not Interested 
edough to do so would not acquire the advan- 
tage it gives by any other means, 

— H. C. Carver has disposed of his interest 
in the Beatrice, Kan., Bus, College, and will 
establish a new one at Red Oak, Iowa, 

— From the Son Francisco Bus. College we 
have received a well made catalogue, profusely 
illustrated with penmanship speclmeuH from 
the pen of C. L. Ellis, principal, and several 
students, promiuent among whom we notice 
E. D. Chellis, a young pennmn of excellent 

— The Journal has a strong friend at the 
McPherson, Kan., Bus. College, in the person 
of F, E, Pahnestocb, principal of the commer- 
cial department, who omits no opportunity to 
place it before his pupils. It goes vrithout say- 
ing that he is a good writer and an earnest in- 

— Cbartier's catalogue, Paris, Tex., is at- 
tractive in its illustrations and arrangement. 
A number of pen specimens are shown, 

—J. F. Fish, secretary of the Ohio Business 
University, Cleveland, Oliio, expi-essea his ap. 
preciation of The Journal by sending a club 
of 26 of his pupils, the second club of the sea- 
son from him. Similar reinforcements have 
beeu received from J. H. Bachtenkirchor, 
Princetou. Ind.. Normal College; R. E. Gal- 
lagher. Canada Bus, Coll.. Hamilton, Ont. ; 
S. A. D. Hahn, Helena, Mont., Bus. CoU. ; W.H. 
Patrick, Sadler's Bus. Coll., Baltimore; O. J. 
Peiu-ose, Amity College, College Springs, 
Iowa.; T. C. Strickland, East Greenwich, R. I., 
Academy; Frank Sullivan, Nelson Bus. Coll., 
Cincinnati; H. E. Perrin, Mankato, Minn., 
Bus. Coll, ; W. H. Shrawder, Richmond, Ind. 
Bus, Coll.; W. J. Bentley, Corry, Pa., Bus! 
Coll.; W. L. Beemau, Red Wing Minn,, Bub_ 
Coll. All of these gentlemen have sent at least 
one other club this season, and several of them 
three or four. Other clubs of good size have 
been received from Uriah McKee, Oberlin, 
Ohio, Bus. Coll. ; G. M. Lynch, Tribune, Kan. ; 
J, F. Barnhai't, I.*ehanon, Ohio; W. H. Barr, 
teacher of public schools, (fananoqiie, Ont. ; 
L. A. Gray, Portland, Me., Bus. Coll., and 
C. E. Chase, State Normal College, Indiana^ 
Pa. ; J. E. Campbell, New Stanton, Pa. ; 8. A. 
Drake, Clark's Bus. Coll., Erie, Pa, VVeilesire 
to sincerely thank these and others who liave 

We Kuow ol None; Do Any «f On 

Editor ok The Jouknai. : 

Are there any spej-ial teachei-s of writing i; 
public schools who visit the school once i 
two weeks or at longer intervals i 




-We have some i 
effects in gilt and tin 
of the Big Four C 
sources of this 
simply woniJerf ul. 
last month 


T you think we are 
;;etting along quite 
nicely with our 
- youDg class of 

>r ■'^^ ornamental pen work- 
' ers f Some very cred- 
itable bits have been 
liliowu iu previous iiisues. We present more in 
this and have a number in re^rve. Tbe initial 
beginning this paragraph is one of the batch 
by C. M. Weiner. South Whitley, Ind., noticed 
last month. Since then be hai< sent others- 
some of them very good. We also show in this 
issue clever little designs by H. V, Fountain, 
West New Brighton, N. Y., and August 
Fischer, Philadelphia. The idea is growing 
and it is a good one. Bmall. simple, striking 
destgnii are the best, and initial letters, start 
and end piec^^ ore good subjects. 

— A large and elaborate specimen of pen 
drawing comes from C. E. Heusel, Colorado, 
Ohio, a pupil of Zaner. Tbe composition is un- 
usually goo<l for a young worker, and the 
treatment reveals considerable artistic feeling. 
— H. A. Howard, the well-known scribe of 
the Rockland, Me., Bus. Coll., sends a pictor- 
ial desigu which includes ornamental lettering 
of a high order. The specimen is altogether 

ei*y delfcate shading pen 
s from W. F. Giessemon, 
:, Den Moines. The re- 
a trained hand are 
a referred to tbe matter 
J with the work being 
done by C. E. Jones, of Chicago. Since then 
we have received some specimens from H. M. 
Murray, Seligman, Mo., J. M. Schmidt, Sagi- 
naw, Mich., and other male pupils of Jones, 
which show that a i-emarkable degree of pro- 
ficiency in the art may be acquired in a com- 
paratively short time. 

— C. N. Faulk, penman of the Northwestern 
College, Sioux City, Iowa, contributes voi-ious 
script and Suurisbed specimens, clear cut and 
practical. He handles a pen with rare ease. 
E. L. Bi-owu, of the Rockland, Me., Bus. Coll. 
is the author of a brace of birds good enough 
for any company. 

— It is a poor month when we haven't some- 
thing good to note from the Lone Star State. 
We have a number of capitals and miscel- 
laneous work from the facile pen of D. A. Grif- 
fltlis. Hill's Bus. Coll., DiUas, and another Al 
lot from E. M. Chartier. Paris Bus. CoU. 
These two i>enmeu can hold their own with 
anyone and on any class of work. C. G. Petch- 
ner, King, Tex., holds up the coming genera- 
tion's end with some well executed work in 
which written cards predominate. 

— H. B. Lehman, of Spalding's Commercial 
Coll, Kansas City, Mo., sends a number of 
cards that are highly creditable to his inven- 
tion as well as execution, embodying as they 
do a variety of styles, all good. J. P. Byrne, 
Pittsburgh, also offers some gracefully molded 
cai-d work, smooth enough to be mistaken for 
steel plate. Veterans A. J. Scarborough and 
A, W. Dakin, likewise enrich our collection 
with their contributions. 

—Back hand specimens, in a style deserving 
special mention, come from Will S. Tilley. 
Burlington, Vt, Bus. Coll., and P. W. Cos- 
tello, Scraoton, Pa. J. H. Blair, Milan, N. H., 
sends a well made flourish. Script specimens 
of a high onler have been received from T. M . 
Williams, Actual Bus. Coll , Pittsburgh ; R. S. 
Kaueko, Newark, N. J.; D. L. Stoddard, In- 
dianapolis and J. H. Cottle, Rockland, Ohio. 

—Tbe photograph of an ornamental design 
representing on eagle overlooking the sea re- 
calls the skill of the de-signer. O. J. Penrose, 
College Springs, Iowa. He accompanies it by a 
graceful orignal flourish. From C. 0. Winter. 
Hartford. Conn., we have the photograph of a 
well executed piece of engrossing. 

— It would be impossible without seriously 
trespassing ou our space to give even as much 
as the names of those who send well written 
letters. The subjoined list represents only a 
fraction of the wi-iters. Where specimens are 
meant for review it is well to state that fact; 
Here ai-e the penmen referred to : Jacob Good, 
Fullerton, Cal.; W. A. Moulder, Adi-ian Coll., 
Adrian, Mich.: J. F. Barnhart, Nat. Normal 
University. Lebanon, Ohio; M. B. Moore, 
Morgan, Ky. ; 0. J. Penrose, College Springs, 
Iowa ; H. L. Knight, Avondale, Ala,; H. D. 
Smith, Elk Rapids, Mich.; Eugene E. Fiske. 
S6 Worthington street, SpringBeld, Mass. ; E. 
C. Reitz. Quiucy, 111.; E. E. Martin, Spokane 
Falls, Wash., Bus. Coll.; B. F. Ferguson, Con- 
cord Church. W. Va., Bus Coll. ; A. H. Stoad- 
mon, SU-udman's Bus. Coll., Toledo, Ohio ; 
E. A. Cust, Onargo. Ill ; H. C. Warden. 
Pueblo. Col.; W. W. McClelland, AUegheny 
City, Pa. ; M. Vernon, Upper Marlboro, Md. ; 
W. L. Parks, La Salle Nat. Bank, La Salle, 
111.; J. C. St«iner. Kormal Bus. College, 
Youngatown, Ohio ; O. P. DeUmd, Deload's 

Bus. College, Appleton, Wis.; J. N. Lewis, 
writing teacher, Woodville. Miss.; Mi« Anna 
P. Brown. Springfleld, Mass.; C. N. Faulk. 
Northwestern Bus. Coll., Sioux City. Iowa; 
John Hiller, Dayton, Ohio ; Fred. W. Hadden. 
Savannah, N. Y.; F. B. Palmer, Caledonia 
Comers, Nova Scotia ; G. Williams, Dupont, 
Pa.; E. H. Thompson, Walla Walla, Wash.; 
Jules Randle. Jr., Monterey, Mex. ; George S. 
Fosmire, Meadville, Mo.; S. L. Osborne, 
Augusta, Ga.; F. H Bliss, Interuational Bus. 
Coll., East Saginaw, Mich.; C. J. Lysing, San 
Fraucisco, Cal.; C. L. Free, College of Bas., 
Easton, Pa.; J. W. Dixon, Turner's Station, 
Ky.; M. Vernon Bunnell, Upper Marlboro, 

Scfioot-room Work. 

—A variety of specimens come from the 
penmanship department (Kinsley) of the 
IVestem Normal College, Shenandoah. la. 
They include business writing, fancy lettering 

es' Book of Flourishes. 

filanchard .] 

by storm, and every- 
body wants to know 
how we can afford to sell a #5 book fcr 
$1.50, tine cloth and gilt binding. But 
we do. The fact is we give the retail pur- 
chaser benefit of wholesale rates. Get the 
fine cloth-hound book if you can afford 
it. because it is handsomer and wears 
better. In all respects but the binding the 
work in stiff paper, price $1.00, is the 

Not Even the Babies Escape! 

Drawn for The Joitrnal by C. M. Robinson, Charlotte, N. C. 

aud flourishing. To turn the wheel back, the 
flourishing is fair, the lettering good, the 
writing, for students' work, superlative. No 
other word expresses it. This is the star sex- 
tette : M. S. King, L. M. Myers, B. E. 
Harper. C. F. Johnson, W. W, Spear and 
W. G. Bishop. [Since the above was in type 
we have received an extremely creditable flour- 
ish from Lizzie R. Forges, River Sioux, Iowa.] 

—A hundred or so of the students of Carnell 
& Gutcbess's Albany Bus. College have fa- 
vored us with specimens of their writing. A 
more uniformly excellent lot it has not been 
our pleasure to examine. The style is plain, 
unshaded, and while the form is good and 
slant and spacing regular, there is every 
evidence of a free movement. We have not 
i-oom for a hundred names, and scarcely any- 
thing else would do full justice to these ambi- 
tions young men and women. Many a man 
would consider bis fortune made if he could 
write hke Frank W. Palmer. P. J. Qomple, 
Richard F. O'Meara, M. B. Russell or many of 
the others. 

— F. P, Russell, superintendent of writing 
in Dr. Carpenter's B. and S. College, St. 
Louis, permits us to see what bis boys can do 
with the pen. David Baer and William MoUet 
write as if they had had plenty of counting 
room experience. Excellent work also comes 
from S. E. Moreton, Martha Freymark, 
G. H. Becker and WilUam Holtniann. The 
latter is a prodigy of twelve yeai's, who takes 
to ink like a duck to water, and Mr. Russell 
expects to make an all-round penman of bim. 

NcttC and Quite to tlie Point. 

We have recently received from Prof. D. T. 
Ames, New York, a new (Uploma, which we 
have hud made for use in all of tbe depart- 
meats of our school. Students completing the 
course of studies prescribed in either the com- 
mercial, academic or shorthand will now 
receive a diploma. The workmansip on the 
diploma is indeed elegant, and for design and 
have as yet seen nothing equal 
■School Visilor, Madison, Wis. 

It is under the mark to say that this 
work contains five timeg as many flourishes 
as any book ever before printed, and per- 
haps twice as many us all other similar 
publications now in print combined. Per- 
haps the best known of such works now 
iu print are "Williams and Packard's 
Gems," "Ames' Compendium," and the 
" New Spencerian Compendium." These 
three works, at a cost of |17.50, together 
contain only about one-fourth the variety 
and number of flourished designs to be 
found in "Ames' Book of Flourishes." 
The work also contains instructions and 
exercises in flourishing. 

The work in both bindings is ready for 
delivery on receipt of price. Though it 
has been out less than a month, we have 
received a large number of testimonials 
from those who have bought it. Here are 

An Tnapiratton to Turn Over Itn Pagea. 

W. J. Kinsley, Shenandoah, Iowa, writes: 
" I am indeed wonderfully pleased with Ames' 
Book of Flourishes, and think it is ^rithuut 
doubt one of the gi-eatest additions we have 
ever had to our penmanship collection. The 
work given therein shows marvelous skill on 
the part of the many talented penmen repre- 
sented, while the quality of the paper and the 
mechanical jart of the book is all that could 
bedesu'ed. I ho|>e that each and every pen- 
man and every student of penmanship in the 
country will add this valuable book to his col- 
lection. Ic is an inspiration to turn ov^r its 

'• Superb " in the Word. 

W. J. Staley, Principal Com. Dep't Cornell 
College, Mount Vernon, Iowa: "Far the best 
wort ot the kind ever pubUshed. It is simply 
superb. I wouldn't take «15 for my copy if I 
couldn't get another." 

Incomparably Cheap. 

Fielding Schofield, Qulncy. 111.; "Ames' 
Book of Flourishes gives us, in a compact and 

l>eautiful form, some of the latest and highwt 
achievements of skill in its line, and represents 
the work of more penmen than any book vet 
on the market. It is, moreover, iucomparBbly 
cheap! No one not having the facilities of the 
publisher could afford to sell such a book iit 
such a price." 

Tnvaluablr to !/.# Vouny Penman. 
L. H. Jackson, Va. Bus. Coll., Stuart. Vh 
"It indeed embodies the cream of floun^li. - 
and is invaluable to the amateur or anv pn 
man student. The lesson alone is as go. hI as 
any flrsfM^lass mole teacher would give for tlj. 
price of tbe book, so that it practically co^t.^ a 
student nothing." 


» Tim: 

> Ita I 

Oriyinaf End-tHece by U. V. Fo 

E. A. Cooper, Britton. South Dakota: " It is 
certainly the finest work of the kind ever pub- 
lished, and worth ten times its cost to any pcn- 

Commend» It to All. 

W. J. Bently, Corry, Pa.. Bus. Coll.: 
"Your beautiful Book of Flourishes at hand- 
The mechanical part of the work is in keei)i[i)^ 
with the designs, and one needs hut to hear the 
authors' names to be aware of its inestimable 
value. I commend the work to all lovers of 
the beautiful." 

G. E. Weaver, Mt. Morris. HI.; "It is the 
best book of the kind I have ever seen, and if 
the sale of it is based on merit itwill out travel 
anything on pen flourishing now tiefore the 

A Perfect Gem. 
» L. L. Smith, Chaddock ColL, Quincy. III.: 
" I must'say I have never seen anything to 
equal the " Book." either in regard to quality 
or price. No mmi that pretends to be a pen- 
man can afford to be without it. It is a perfect 
gem, and well worth twice the price you sell 

Wonderful iu Scope and Variety. 

J- E. Phillips, Phillips' Business College, 
Syracuse : " Its scope and variety is wonder- 
ful, embracing as it does the work of nmny 
authors, di^playmg strong individuality und 
varied tastes. The work, as a whole, is a mar- 
velous collection, is a grand inspiration to the 
amateur, suggestive to the skilled ornamental 
writer, aud a feast to the lovers of m-t, aud is 
worth many times its cost. No single antlmi' 
could have produced such a book, and nurn^ 
but the Penman's Art Journal could hiivi' 
collected the material and published sulIj a 
magniflceut volume for the jirice." 
A Book for Everybody. 
A. W, MeGeachin, County Clerk, Peters- 
burg, HI,: "Your Book of Flourishes is tliL- 
finest lever saw. It should be in the hands 
of every penman, and no family or lover of 
penmanship should be without it." 

All Uie FrlendH DullQUteU. 
J. W. Ratcliffe, Penmanship Teacher, But- 
ler, Tenn. : ■' I am highly pleased with it and 
showed it to my friends, who were all de- 

#fa* /ft« hHeld to Itself. 

E. A. Cast, Ouargn, 111. ; *< The Flourishing 

book is ahead of anything of the kind that I 

have ever seen. I would not sell it for si.\ 

dollars and do without it. It is a eeni." 

S. D. Holt, Feeding Hills, Mass.; 
giving Ames' Book of Flourishes 
I pronounce it grand." 

G. S. Herrick, Kendallville, Ind.: "After 
seeing the book I would have bad it at almost 
any price. It is worth three times what you 
ask for it."' 
Will Let HiH Friends Into a tiuod Ihlnu. 

Fred. S. Field, Flushing, N. Y. : " Itis thi- 
best book in my collection, and I will show it 
to my friends who may wish to purchase. All 
the s|)ecimeus siut nie first rate." 

TOO I. Art-:. 

I opened the door of the cage. 
And suffered my bird to go free; 
"" ' ' * ' 1 andsought itagaiu. 

I hastily uttered a 

Was estranged forevei- in pride. 
Tbe bird once escai>e<l will return ne'er again, 
Nor the one 1 have spurned iu bitter disdain. 
-Flormce AVOurdy. 

Measi's. J. R. Holcomb & Co.. Cleveland, 
publishers of the Shinu Commercial Spellei. 
report a very gratifying success with that 
popular text book. We are pleased to note 
that it bas been adopted by representative 
schools in Brooklyn. Newmk. N. J., Buffalo. 
Cleveland, Chicago, Detroit, San Francisco 

7 otbei 


Origin of Mathematical Signs. 

The ai^D uf addition is derived frum 
the initial letter of the word "plus." In 
iiinking the cnpitAl tetter it was made more 
and more carelessly until the top part of 
the p woH placed near the center, hence 
the plus sign was finally reached. The 
sigu of subtraction was derived Trom the 
word *' minus." The word was fir&t con- 
tracted to m D 8, with a horizontal line 
above to indicate the contraction, then at 
last the letters were omitted altogether, 
leaving the short line — . The multipli- 
cation sign was obtained by changing the 
plus sign into the letter X. This was done 
because multiplication is but a shorter 
form of addition. Uivision was formerly 
indicated by placing the <lividend above 
the horizontal line and the divisor below. 
In order to save space in printing,- the 
dividend was placed to the left and 
the divisor to the right, with a sim- 
ple dot in place of each. The radical 
sign was derived from the initial letter of 
1 he word •' radix." The sign of equality 
was first used in 1557 by a sharp mathe- 
matician who substituted it to avoid re- 
peating "equal to." — Floatinfj Item, via 
Offieemen'H Jiceord. 



The Amerieau Book Company, which is 
located at b06 and 808 Broadway, New York, 
has purchased the school book publications of 
D. Appleton & Co., A. S. Barne.s & Co., Ivi- 
Bou. Blakemau & Co., and Harper & Bros., 
New York ; Van Antwerp. Brag & Co., Cin- 
cinnati, and other publishing houses. Tbe 
text books which were published by these com- 
panies will be owned entirely by the new Con- 
cern, which is a stock company mcorporated 
under the laws of the State of New Jersey. 
H. CUaniplin, an energetic and highly capable 
ponmaii, who was special teacher of penman 
ship with the Appletons, has been engaged by 
the new firm in the same pot-itinti, Birdseye 
Blakenian is presidt>nt '■{ tin m w .nuiiiaiiy, 
Geu, A. C. Barnes, vi-'r pn-hl-iii :ni.l i',rny^i.' 
H. Cathcart, of the olil tirin -.i ixc-.-n, hlake- 
niau&Co., general muDii-ii Tl." Sj., inLMiiiii, 
Barnes', Harpers', Appletons', V D. & S., 
and other leading copybook systems are thus 
brought uuder one ownership. 

grammar, penmanship and other branches 
which tbe busmess student must master. Tbe 
work is so arranged as to dispsuse as far as 
possible with the necessity of personal 

number of ftne penni 
book (one uf them she 

SITUATION \r*IVTl!:D— As teacher of 
" uoQiniinsliip and book-keeping: good hab- 
:», industrimis. cxperieuued. Address " USE- 

POSITION If ANTRD. -By notive teacher, 
who liu^ had i:onsldprable ex|ierience with 
liiitli bUf<ini.Vs I'liUeKf unt\ publlu school work. 
Touchfs all commen'inl branches and penman- 
?ihlii, tiliuii and urti^tic. Testimonials elven. 
Address "ALL-ROUND TEACHER," care The 


; has Kradu- 
■lai CoUegee, and 

: can furnish best 

hiMil; he has had 
o^f, i»30ycaRtold, 
f biKh cla^s tcsti- 
address "GOOD 


-j'tUauJ iiucludiii„ 
),bciok-keeptng«nd Engtis 


lege. MunsoQ system ; gimliar positli 

9ia». Address 

■ SHORT-HAND." care of Tbb Jodrna 

ANTED-A vraduate ol : 


Teacher of penmanship to a g'>o 
lege; have had experience and < 
best of referenoee. Address " 

I of good 

( alf-round teacher of pen- 
.1 branches. References 

years' experienn< 

manship and com 

as to character ana quauncations giaui; 

nlsbed, Moderat« Milarr with a good i 



I of promotion. 

3 The Journal. 

POSITION WANTED as Teacher of pen- 
mansbip and commercial branches by com- 
Ktent man, graduate from two leading 
ismess Colleges. Four years' experience 
teaching in a large school. Thoroughly conver- 
sant with school routine ana a good discipli- 
narian. Address "COMPETENT," care The 

TEATHER WANTED.-ny Commercial 
College for September Ist. a competent 
teacher of bookkeeping, arithmetic, corresitond- 
enceand commercial branches; to have uunrge 
of the Uusmess Practice Department. State 
age, experience, reference and salary expected. 
Single man and ('bristian prefcri-ed. Send photo. 
Address at once, "COMPETENT." care The 

1 the services of a flrst- 

'" class teacherof C 
hand. A mole teacher and one with experit 
who is a good rustler, can orocure a most 
cellent position by addrenshig "X. Y.Z.," 


N'TBD.— One uf the leading Busi 

leges, located ^ 

?ity, desire* to L .- 

xperienoed and successful commercial teachi 

York City, 

- Brienoei . 

capanle of taking full charge of atxmlc- 

keeplng deport in 



[?OB SALE.- 

■ one-half interest in s 

Ivcrtised and paying Business Col- 
ege. located in a booming western city of about 
111^ inhabitants; country thickly settled and 
10 other college within lOO miles; furniture all 
lew and of the best kind ; a rare chance for any 
mo who means buploess. Address - WE.'iTERN,'' 



Il-eetablisheil Business 

College in a growing Kastern city. Very 
;>jeasani, well lighted and nicely fumlsbeu 
rooms. Long lease and low rent. Good ooen- 
Ing for a pusblng business manager. Price low. 
Address ■'^N. E. COLLEGE," care The Joounal. 

70R SALE-A live 

ted State 
right party. Reason 

United States. 

of the best < 

sollinur, going into 

BUSINESS COLLEGE. Chattanooga. Tcnn 

VVTANTKD.-To purchnee a half-i 

proved styles, best in size and shape, most 
durable, every one perfect. Tntrotluctlon 
PHckm: 12e. each or60c., doz.. postpaid. J. D. 
HOLCOMB & CO., Sole Mfrs., Case Block, Cleve- 
land, Ohio. S-2 

fiy C. H. Kimmig, Philadelphia. 


iroptietor of one of t 
)uslne9s colleges deaii 
iiincrclal teaijhcr fully CO 
Ml Liicipalshlp of the bo( 
I I'o the right party 
1 i.^ilil Address givingf 

S'OB SALE-To ... , 

Business College work, half 

experience in 

college. Object In selling, 
Addi-ess "yUALl- 



well educated and ha^ 
man ehott-baod. A 
PENTER Principal. 

ride of New York c 

e with a QTfit- 

icher of penmanship, boobkeeping, I 
correspondence, etc , fo" 
- and August Twelve , 


— J August 1 — 

:ina highest references. 

youreelf the trouble of writini 

ANTED TO BUY.— Half i 


rapberT expert atcoui 
tench all commercial 1 

liicli as principal^ rt-ferencea, e 
ire Postmaster, Johns. Ala. 

VT^ANTliD.— Readers of this paper to know 

that I will, for the next ten days, send 

sample copy of my FAMILV BECOBDlon 

thin paper) to any one who will send 7 cents 
stamps for maiUng. Tbe latest testimonial is 
magnihccot. Now Is tbe time, during vacation^ 

A. W. DAKIN.Syr 


Bend $1.00 for 4 trial lessons m penmanship 
by mail. The best you ever received. 


J- F. B^S"R,3SrE] 


Beautiful Letter for .25c. 

Or a package of finely executed Caids for. ..25c. 

Or an Harmonious Flourish for — .23c. 

Or a graded course In Writing with instnic- 

t Ions for 50c, 

Address 25 Vlckroy SI . Plltnboivli, Pa. 

A FLOURISHED owl on B. Board, size 
10 z 14 inches, sent for fl.OO. It is a 
beauty. . 

A. W. DAKIN, Syracuse, N. Y. 

Done ill any style, well tlonc and at such 
prices as you can afford to pay. nud satis- 
faction guaranteed in every particular. In- 
structions in all departments of pen art by 
mail. The best ol supplies at bottom 
prices. Finest and most practical Alpha- 
bets published. Handsome specimens of 
Drawing. Flourishing, Lettering, Flower- 
work and Writing, with instructions, for a 
2 -cent stamp. 

e., H. W. KIBBE. Utica. N. Y. 

Goldman's Advanced System for 
Localing- Errors 

Without Itefcrrinu In ilir I iii^.-r. ll.-iln'ckliig 

sionsand forwarding w 
no Additional Bo 
Book-keopluK, no 

PACKAGE of the most fashionable vis- 
ituig cards 50 cents (25 caids). 

A. W. DAKIN, Syracuse. N. Y. 


you are subscribe Iit '• I'Ik' \< • i<iinl»nl.»» 


In rapid business penmanship may be had of 
A. J. SCARBOROUGH during the summer 
months, as he contemplates spendiutr most of 
his vacation around New Vork. Thoao dC5lrln« 
to put in a few hours each week In this way 
would do well to drop him a line at 


&/ '^^ PRACTICAU « 
COLLEGE. Richmond, Va. „ 

i- send 35 cents to 

A. W. DAKIN.Syracuse, N. Y. 


for Che manufa 
Hcboo' and family purposes will be 
W. SWlFr.*^^Apulia, N. Y. 

V 100 valuable recipea 

. ^r vmfouH kinilB of Inks 

and all businetm. 



to learn to wiite an elegant hand is to take 
Dakin's course uf lessons by mail; only *.1.(K). 
It will be wortb *1000 to you. 

t*f:ivm Aiv 

OsweBO, N. Y. 

inpt uttontion. 

our letter wilt 



Pa., Oct. 2«th, 18S1J 
Mr. A. W. Dakin, Syracuse, N. T. 

Deoj- 6'i> :— Your letter and lesson of June 
lUth, 18HU, came duly to band, and, I assure you 
I spoiled many a sheet of paper in order to 
show you that I really appreciate your way of 
doing business. And there is no excuse a man 
can give who does not avail himself of such 
a great chance to learn penmanship at home 
without spending but 83.00. The price is very 
low and within reach of every young man, 
and you deser^'e great credit for It. 
Very truly yours, 


A thousand years as a day No arithmetic 
teaches it. A Hlmrt, simple, practical method by 
E. C. ATKINSON. Princlijal of f>Bcmraento Uual- 
nessCollcge, Sacramento, cal. By maU,5<Kent«. 
Address as above. 





liib your writing f Send 2o cents for a writ^ 
1 lettci- telling you just what the trouble 1 
A. W. DAKIN, Syracuse, N. Y. 




€olles:c,4|iilney. III. 

Expressly adapted for professional nse and orna- 




All of Staodard and Superior Qnality, 




written with the COL- 

^"^^-/v^ ^ P oi 10 Gen 
^z:^^2^M^r BLAKEM 

I 2 Pens in a nickel 
box by mail on receipt 
ts. IVISON. 
AN & CO,, 
806 Broadway, N. Y. 


Hundreds of books and useful articles are offered as special premiums to those 
who send clubs at the full price of ^1.00 for eiich subacriptioa wi^h *regular premium, 
space to give full details here. If you are interested send ten cents for 

We have i 

copy of The Journal containing the announcements i 

Dickens' Complete Works in fifteen volunes (5200 pages, : 
mailed free for one new subscription ($1.00) and 75 cents extra — 11.75 in 
of renewal, $2.00. Sir Walter Scott's Peerless Waveiiy Novels, 
twelve volumes, will be sent instead of Dickens 'if desired. 

Another set of Dickens, complete in twelve volumes, size 8^ x 12, mailed tree for 
one new subscription and 35 cents additional — $1.35. In case of renewal, $1.50. 

Cooper's Famous Leather-Stocking- Tales in five volumes of about 500 
pages each (size 5 x 7J) for one new subscription and 15 cents extra — $1.15. In case 
of renewal, $1.35. 

Waverly premium I 

1^ the cheapest books e 

by such a famous author 
I received the premiums, Dickens' ' 

you that they are the cl 

Wm. U. Cullmnnu, La C 

Premium Scott's nt . 

one.— Sarah Frank, Carthage, Mo. 

I must Bay that I am very much pleased 

Tales.— T. G. Opsahl, Ashley, Minn. 

w, Wfe. 

I arc immcuse. It would seem impossible that sm-h it 
D be had torso little money.— M. B. Moore. Morpun. K\ . 
tt'sand Cooper's Works, the other day, and I aavev wiili 
offered to any one and I am well pleased with them.— 

and appreciated. Think your offer a 

premium. Cooper's Lcather-Stookintr 

*The regular premiums referred to above, choice of which we give with every subschptioi 
at $1. DO, are as follows: The Lord's Prayer size, (ig x 24 inches) ; Flourished Eagle (24 x 32) 
Flourished Stag (24 x 32) ; Centennial Picture of Progress (24 i 28) ; Grant Memorial (22 3 
28) ; Garfield Memorial (ig x 24) ; Grant and Lincoln Eulogy (24 x 30) ; Marriage Ccrtiti 
cale (18 X 22) ; Family Record (18 x 22). These are beautiful and elaborate lithograph:; fron 
pen and ink copy, all handsome and showy pictures for framing. Instead of one of thtsi 
pictures the subscriber may receive a copy of Ahhs' Guide or Ames' Xew Copy Slips. 
The following will be mailed free on receipt of price, or sent as special premiums : 
For nnc utw suhinvripUon : Fur Otic Nett Subucrij/ttou 

Burdett'8 Patriotic Recitations How to Draw and Paint. 

ions and speeche* publishes 

i^ Illustrated cover. Price ascenia, 

Or either of the following by the same popuioi' 
author: French atid Yankee Dialect Becitatwnu: 
StUahesiicarean Readlnm; Heroic Becitatlom ana 


French or SpnnUth at 
In paper; 3!)C. In boar 

D, T. AMES, 202 Broadway. New York. 


;« Ai; I .joi 

Some books are so wefl writlen and prove so valuable to their 
owners that thieves steal their contents, and by misarrangement 
of them, make books which they try to palm off as superior to 

the originals. 

Grahain's Hand-Book of Standard Phonograpliy 

hiis been pir.itcd from, to a greater extent, imibably. than any 
book ever published in the Ihiited States. 

-w h: "ST ? 

Hccause it is the best text-book vn the subject ever published, as 
is proved by the fact that it rendered obsolete all phonographic 
books preceding it, all of which are now out of print, and by the 
fact that the best portions of all phonographic books published 
since have been stolen from it. 

What evidence is there that it is a standakii work ? 

It has been published 31 years without change because none 
has been found necessary. 

It has been used for years in many of the best institutions of 
the country, and the system it teaches is used by the best report 
ers in the world. 

These are facts which can be proved. 

Send for a free copy of Ai.i. Ahout Phonogkaphv, the 
largest and handsomest shorthand circular ever published. 


744 Broadway, New York. 

Author and Publisher, 


Is the best Type Writer. 

competent gentleniei 
ographcrs nrc iu dem 

Stiorthani taught by mail and personally 

\^ f luive 300 pupils by mail. Sitnatiom procured 
,i/l itnpih whfit MtHjieUnt. We hiive been iihort of 
tenographers for 18 months. Bookkficpprs who are sten- 




Best Work on Shorthand Ever Written. 



The author of this work is Prof. Alfred Day, a shorthand 
reporter of 25 years' experience, author of "Aid to Graham," 
■' Shorthand Copy-Book," &c., President of the Cleveland Sten- 
ographers' Association, Principal and Proprietor of Day's School 
of Shorthand. 

It does not pretend to be a new system. It presents Graham's 
System in a wonderfully simplifred form, doing away entirely with 
the objections that have been made to that system by reason of 
its interminable complications. Prof. Day has removed these 
stumbling blocks, making the path of the student entirely plain. 

The results obtained by this work are unequaled in the history 
of shorthand teachers. The publishers will be glad to give scores 
of testimonials from those who have acquired proficiency in a re- 
markably short time with no other teacher than " Day's Complete 
Shorthand Manual." 

The book, beautifully printed and bound in cloth, will be sent 
hy mail post-paid to any address on receipt of the price, $1.50. 


THE BURROWS BROTHERS CO., Publishers, ,.^, 
23 to 27 Euclid Ave.nue, - Cleveland, Ohio. 





•JWi-'illS AVE. II mid 77 NAISHAI: 


Largest like estaWiBhnient In tlie world. Flrst- 
cloas Second-hand Instruments ai half new prices. 
UDpreludli^d advice eiven on all makes. Ma- 
chines Bold on monthly paymenla. Any Inutru- 
ment manufactured shippediprivilegetoexanilne. 
EXCHANaiNQASPECTALTY. Wholesale prices 
to dealers. Illustrated Catalogues Free. 

TYPBWEITfiR i 70 Broadway. New York. 
dEADaUARTEES. \ ' '^ ^a Salle St.. Chicago. 

Twenty-four Pages of Reading Matter 


Return iif the Bir 

(Illustrated. I 
I'anlcl Webster s Speech at Alhanr. 
AH in the best style of Munson phonography. 
Price 10 rents /or eadi, 25 cents for three. 
40 rents for five . 

Also a List of Contractinns and Words out 
of Position, with Derivatives. Price 10 cents. 

S. S. PACKARD, Publisher, 

101 East 23d street. - New York. 

SHORTH AN D. sK.S i;: 

practical verbiitlra reporter. 16 years' experf- 
.,_ ... ^., — *i — „ (fuarunteed. 

Dnok and ciroulara 

FRANK HARRISON. StenoRrapher. 
r,.tr Wl Broud St.. Newark. N. J 



Professor A. W. Dakin. 

Z>**ar Sir;— Your last leson is received and 
like all preceding ones is a model of jjerfex-- 
tion. Your copies all show the same amount 
of care, and the interest you show in the im- 
provement of the work of your pupils is evi- 
dent in each lesson. Sincerely thanidng you 
for the attention you gave me through the 

Yours truly, 
M. R. VANDERBILT, Mt. Morris. N. Y. 


The Wonderful Machine for Writing Shorthand. 

Easy, Ai'^iiruLe and Ueliahlu. Send stamp for a 
82-page Cireular. HHchineM reuti'd on trial. 
St. tM-a\%, Ho. 
11-12 Prk4 Jttdwxd to tas. 


Standard Typewriter 



Embraces the Latest and Highest Achieve- 
ments of iDveiitive Skill. 


and class use Hart I now ready, price |l. Fart 
II. cntrraved key. In press, price 50c. W. W. 
OSOcioDBV, Publisher. Kotjhester. n. y, iS 


nintf Mrs. Packard's Couinlcte I-f 
"n Sboitharicl Tor sale. ITIco $1.6 

Paper Warehouse, 

Nos. 1 5 & 1 7 Beekman St., 



uf 12 lessons in plain penmanship given by 
mail for *:J.«I. Teacher's course fTj.OO. 

A. \V. nAKIN. Syracuse, N. Y. 

D. L. Dowd's Health Exercl 


For ".I cent* I will send you H cards with 
flowers, roseti, urastes, etc. rained on each with 
a knife. Your name written or raised, as you 
wish. The aowers look like wax work and 
these are positively the most beautiful cards 
IP the world. A sample sent for W oente. 

A. W. DAKIN, Syracuse, N. Y. 



XM E. v.. for «Titiug and flour- 
ishing 1 gross in J^ gro. boxes. 75c. No. 1, for 
fine can! writing, Ji" groas, ■JOc. Xo. 303. for 
etteriiig. }{ gro., 30c. No. 170, K gro., 30c. 
No, 2nO, very fine, 1 dois,, SOc. No. 907 oblique, 
for hpnvy writing, }{ gro., 4.^c. Soennecken'): 
broad points, for rapid text, 
10c. Donbie points, three sizes, per set, l.V. 

India, for lettering and drawing, j'l.OO, 50c. 
and S5c. per stick. Japan, for flourishing and 
writing, by express, charges not paid, one pint. 
48c. Blue, Yellow, White, Vermillion or Gold, 
in small bottles, postpaid by mail, 30c. These 
colors are fine and durable, suitable for use 
with India Ink in drawing and lettering. 


Blank Cards, white, 2 x 3J< in., I.5c., 20c., 
.i'.c. per 100. and ?1.10, fl.fiO, ?2.20per lOOo! 
Black, same size. a2c. per 100, and J2.00 per 
1000. Writing paper, wove letter heads, wide 
ruling. 3 lbs., ?].2r). Best linen, «l.6.5 for 3 lbs. 
Unruled for same price. Drawing paper, 16 x 
21 in., per quire, IJOc. Black paper, 20 x 2^ in., 
per quire, 70c. Tracing, 11 x U in., per doz., 
TiOc. More complete list on application. 

Price List of 
Penmen's and Artists' Supplies 


Penmanship ton 

tof Alphabets ' i^ 

Guide to Practical and Artlstlo Pen- 




Should be on the rksk of every nenman who urph 

They Are A No. I. 

to become a skilled 
I'vuuiaii 1.UU uses Jones' inks. 

These Inke ai-e put up in wide-mouthed 
and half ounce bottlea, also powder form. 

One bottle, any color, by mail 17 

Six bottles. " «1*(X) 

Twelve boUles,Woz.,a8iSOrtcd colore, by ei'p. !«) 
Six " 1 oiB . " '■' " "tS 

Twelve " loz.. " " " 110 

One bottle marking pen ink, by mail. , 'aj 

isix bottles, assorted culore. byexnreffi. ..." oo 
One bottle gold or silver bronze, by mall. . . .20 

Alphabet* and uistructions sent free with all 
ordere for pens or inks, if requested. 


rmpr(«(rtr Modfrn Bueineeit CoUeoe, 

■M» lilue Island Avenue. - CHICAGO, ILL. 


In onk-rl« place my work in the hand.'^ of 
every reader <^f this paper, 1 will send on re- 
ceipt of $1.0(1 the following : 

Dakin'8 Card Ink Recipe .Wcie 

Two Sets of Capitals < . 40 ■• 

A Written Letcer 25 .. 

Muscular Bxercises ..j5 .. 

I^KjKnatures (any name) 96 '• 

SpeeiiueuBof HourisliiiiK . .... Sb " 
TotftI worlh ^^ 

-A.- "W. I> .A. ^t I u, 

141 Johnson St., Syracuse, N. Y. 

Li/g mwoliufiece fljousand.jjftjebesiaccoi/nt- 
anls, c(mff?ercial fmc/ierA a/?dj/oi/md/is//fe^ 
fffe/ijft/^eWPsi, //a it / fcr// er/ die/UY///cr/fio/t ^ 
aifdstad/'r/ //Ye. ^f/ima/wl/Jj// s/i/r^j Qiune, 
l/andM-^jpe i/rd/m- atlfo/io//tl)ije.Lfr/ic//(:r'd\ 

-*/f t "- t._^^Ly (. t-C-^J tlfi^&li:/^ffffft_/f L(( tin JM.UIUL ii ( C fit 

ff]is institimoii, andeivnj J>epait/rte/ilo/ d/e^\^^ 
0/eg;e (s fid/// up d itsr/di ■e/i/sc//^e//ts 

Sea/d/f/// I//i/jt/v/ed l^ta/m/e ////d^ik- 
(3>f)eci//^e//<iof J^e/£//a//s/f/p s^e/dF/iEE 

— '^'ao-Vk^v^nV 


I Kood hank i , _, 

orders will be filled byr 

The fraotinual denominations are : ]'s,5's lO's 25'9 
■O' convenient proporrions; the bills are 
p ilenomliiatlDna of ra, fi's, 5'8, lO'a, 20'b, 50'a, 

-)f fl?tei 

lhe«. f . 
The prop 

i printed o 

'\fivt»l% tens, and one eacti of 
'.000 dollar notes. 
bioh the different dennmlna- 

They are propurtioned s 

.000 dollar notes. 

jioh the different i 

printed Is that which lone experlei 
■•■"■'' *"'-"tme«t the demands ana uon- 
praottce. We cannot furnish 
■opnrtl ns than those named 
xoept upon apeotal order iin.l at addttiooal onst 
The ust ff oil. P nr.. n V pr t..-,I It I ir-. 

the Script In other p 

miscellaneou6 tnstituil'-ns 

a of Q 

I per dozen Orders 
promptiv tilled *\e 
jusmess lolletres and 


e unequalie 


Alho we have the hrst facil ijes for mahlne photo- 
Strom pen and iuk copy. 
of the thousands of cnta th^t havH 

engraved c 

Tub Jiti 

luplluitcd will be furnished for low prices. 

___^ , _. anttunetlo oi 



(.n penmanship in [ 



or by express, 75- 0. D.. unless 

(roods V. Ill be 
3. C. 0. r 

have f<>?e^ 
-sk uslf «< 
die nothini 

orders are assured of prompt and efficient e 

Addreii D. T. AMES. 203 Broadniy, Nbw York. 

:>U Will I 
but -ellable goods, i 







New Plan. ConHisto of 

itPahts. viz. : The Di«- 

critlcaiMHrks Explained and 
Exercises in Apuiyiug them ; 
Articles of Merehaodipc ; 
Worda in Common Tee; 
Commercial Terms; Lctrtil 
~ Soientlflc Terms ; 

but Spelled Diflerently: Ml»- 

Scliools. Busioesa Ct 
other l«rm until you 

tnis Speller. It is lin 

ady!) 15!ipaKC3. Boi 

ipleCopysenton receiptor 25 ci 

WiU refund ^_. . 

adopted or returned. Table of Contents. S 




subject of hook-keeping. 

An Aid to Bosjoess College StodeDts. 

Highly endorsed by teachers and pr^ie- 
tical accountants. 

Price, 50 cents ; with Key. ^\M0. 
3. C. KANE, 
£. & B. Business College, Baltimore, Md. 

I c CENTS will pay for i 

conibiuatJODS on cards, the work of 

A. W. DAKIN, Syracuse. N. Y. 

Treasure Trove— Old Friends Turn Up Again. 

^^.^y^S-^-^^^^r^ ^ 


An Elegant Present, 

Sensible One, Too, is a Copy of 


I.— Double-elnHtlc. for student 
~' , flnurlahing, card writlnt; ( 

era. book-kecptufi atudcnts and alt wIshinK n 
pen Tor rapift, unahatted irritinff. 
PRU'KS.-Hnmpleti. lOc.i 4|iinrfer Urosi.. 
30c. I CiroHH. Al.OO. 


" EXCELSIOK " IS TiiK BEST, Try it and be 
convinced. No crack in the side '" ''" 

of plltl 

k in the Hide: 

llnlahcd in black Itiatrous 
rood. Pi-fw; orv, ISc: tton. 
t-patd. Spei^iol prices for 
■nd forclrculnrs. Elegantly 

^ ,^^*-^^^i^ i^t^^^^ ^y c^^^^t^-^^t^-^^^-t^^^ 


12-tf Mention The Jodhn 

P. O. Box 7H7. 




TT CONTAINS a set of book; 
"*- beginning to final adj' 
which he performs the work of 

UnemiHlcd for siraplloi 

3mp]etcd state for a wlioleaale and retail business, showing 300 different entries and dcscribiuij every bo. 
CO partnership interests. A!no 1000 more business-like entries for two extra sets to be written up by tl 
■rperf nrcovntant. 

been so perfect wlttiout the latter experience. whjchtaUKht_^.is how 
"" 'rs Will DO reiegaicQ into aisusB, lam _ — 

.'^'cSotSoSMca Jo"S8''L°i.°' ""po^ve' "oS^S has been concede,! t« be the best by tho«> rto have eomp, 
hunSfe'dB « the mSS'.SSfu' hM- othe,?' Te have now.^eoUrf ....™,o,. by bringing o„t a beautiruL eha.t.nul.|i.ei, 
latter. Uur publication would not have elaborately finished, entitled 

xplaoatlons aud perfect arraogomcnt. Making 
D relegated 

I become < 

book:-k:eefin"o iit 

lodel ofBcc. 

It illustrates a perfect office routine and shows in strikingcflect the origin, progress and 
the special dutitis performed by each member of the clerical staff in a modei" '"' ' 
The proprietor is seen opening his mall just delivered by the postman, who is also 
' — 'ure, and clistributing the work araonft the clerks, the stenographer and typ_ 

■. cashier, order clerk, bill clerk, entry clerk, call clerk, shipping clerk, porter and ol 

Icparture, and clistributing the work a 
;eeper. cashier, order clerk, bill c 
'oy. The principal books and 

to those who have the worst of 
best, but don't feci able to buy u. 
opinion of otbeni who have made the 

of the clerical staff in a modei 

" postman, whi 


ail properly ruled, arc seen en groupe. Various the price 


semany books advertised and of course want the "Although I have kept ' 

whole, lauding at final entrkti. 

) siugirish to permit them to follow a logical 
the nail on the head, drive it through and clinch it; la ot 
ain It. Hence the chadt becomes a valuable adjunct to the 
the tiook. but wi.l be given as a pi-emium with It. 

book to another, 
toglcai deduction, by seeing a pict- 

\reifth n;m out of an ailegcd M.lMOI of ?>"• 
riitrion u if In not mtisfacton/. It m f. 
' "' ' Mti4factori/ o/ "" 

profitably employed th 

nir my position as be 

nmloatton, and my gmti 

it be'ore,and the 

kDowled^ gained from the 

Street. N.' V 

buy all for (he sake of "comparison. You can bo govemcl by the 

t mhS 

[■ several largo firms and consider myself expert. 

double entry without a tejiolier by the aid • ■ 
book keepers now profitably employed thn 
" llefore securinir my position as book 
civil service exnmloatton, and my pmtifvii 
knew nothing about it be'ore, and the fact 

"ith e 

rood lessons f 
lock. Ala. 


Ironwood. I 

quite a library i 

. lUR 


y friend;^. 

closed tind money onier for four more co 

your book as far excel-* so-called " Impr,, — „-,,.. .....^-^-, , . . - - ■ - ^ 

nded.raaking the leading metropolis excels a country town. (fEo. oei k, uooa-Kcepvi I'-i Moxif i 
- 1. Mich, 

d2 r>0, iQCludlnu < hart. 


9Arl) Tbree Handrrd 

appear again, and you will surely want book and premium hiter If not now. Be sure an.l 

P. A. WRIGrMT, 769 Broadway 

a THE 

AH I aoi KV.vlJ 


Are slill growing in popularity and in 
practical, most teachable a 


In a series of four elegant books, of which 
165,000 copies have been sold during the past eight 
years. We beiieve Ihat no other hook has done so 
promote interest in the study of this 

niest te.\t 




a] teache 


needed on every lianti that these are the itiost 
ubjects that have ever appeared 

Practical Crammar and Corre- 

Complete Bookkeeping 

is at the prcscni time the favorite with the busi- 
ness colleges of the country, being at present in use 
in a much larger number of such schools than any 
other work, and its introduction is steadily extend- 
ing and its sales arc increasing. Retail price, $2 60 ; 
wholesale, $1.35. 

INS are abridgments of CoMn.ETK BooKKEF.PINC^ 
and are designed for schools that do not require so 
extended a course as the complete edition provides. 
Retail price. $2.00 and $1.25 respectively ; whole- 
sale, tl.lO and 75c. respectively. 

mentorv book. It is devoted chiefly to single-entry, 
but explains and illustrates the process of changing 

language, and the 
munications. It cc 
enable those who 

portant facts ; 
devoted some 

tical features ol 
t enough gramir 

e to the study 
their utterance 
xpression. Th 



large sale. Retail price, 75c^; whdlei 

Civil Government. 

placed no book on the 


xplanation of double-entry, with some 
practical exercises under that method. This book 
is designed for a young class of pupils, such as are 
usually found in district schools, yet it may be 
studied with profit by older classes. Retail price, 
75c.; wholesale. 50c. 

Commercial Arithmetic. 


mctic that every business boy and girl should un- 
derstand. Not only that, but it cultivates facility 
in performing arithmetical calculations. Its drill 
exercises, designed to render the pupil expert, are 
a distinguishing feature ; and the clearness of its 
statements and analyses, and its unique treatment 
of the more practical features of the subject have 
contributed to the popularity it has secured. Retail 
price, $2.00; wholesale. $1.00. 

Commercial Law 

is another wonderfully popular work. It is yet 
hold on the commercial teachers of this country ih; 
tioti lo its publishers. It has been highly complim 
of the lancuage employed, ihe directness of its 
nf topics and its typngraphical appearance. Reiai 

Williams & Rog 
market with great 
popular favor than they fel 
ment. and their expi ' 
confidence. •■Asini 
ing book," " Our pu| 
study." ■■ We feci th; 


ed fn 

delighted with the 
V successfully teach 
pics of expressions 
every mail. 

Retail price. $1.50; wholesale, 80c 

Seventy Lessons in Spelling, 

This little book has had so wide an introducl 
and has sold so largely, that almost everv tea. 

ill abo 

i about 4000 difficult, 
yet common words, and gives the definitions ol 
unusual ones, as well as their pronunciation. Retai 
price. 30c.; wholesale, 20c. 

Commercial School Supplies. 

It should be understood, also, that we carry a largt 
stock of Foolscap Paper. Pens. Rulers, Pen-Holders 
Figuring Pads. Blotting Pads. Blank Books for Book 
teeping. Business Forms, etc., etc.. which are excel 
lent in quality and cheaper than the cheapest. 

Circulars, Price Lists, &c. 

n pages of the books, and also our Catalogue, 

regarding thehi, i 
will be mailed 


wholesale and 1 

11 prices 
my teache: 

; which 

WILLIAMS & ROGERS, Educational Publishers, Rochester, N. Y, 


W. H. PATRICK, 643 N. Fulton Av 

DON'T PUT it off ttiitil we get into our "riisli season." If yoti wmit 
diplomas lot us figure on your work now. No matter what kind 
of scliool, we can suit yon. Get all the estiniiites and eaiiiples yon 
nm front elsewhere — no surer way of our getting the order. Samples 
witli full i)articnlars for 25 cents. 

The fact is, if you use any consideralilc nunilicr of diplomas, we can 
actually get you up a handsome diploma — special diploma — at a less price 
titan blank diplomas sell for. Give us full particulars when you write. 
If you want any cuts made, either from your copy or ours, we would 
like to give you figures on our improved zinc-etched plates-^tocs that 
are platen — eiigriived extra deep and warranted to give the sharpest, 
cleanest, best effect in printing. Don't mar your publications with 
common engravings when you can get the best for the same money. 

D. T. AMES, 202 Broadway. New York. 



\- for teacbers and p 



Miinih 16, 18h!». IlL 

Thebestnggi-oKa'cex- I If au. 

presslou of wnattbp Am- \j \ 
prienn mmd lias produced intwohund- 
drcd and etjihty years of Its acthity. 
ReapeiitfuUy. John Clahk Ridpath. 

shinotOn. December 3 

jpnre this work from It 

pils. I am sure that every private ladivfdut 
lase It for his own library, If he has to cut nfl 
B puccliaae of other literature. 

Very respectfully, W, T. I 


a admirably done. 


CHAS. L. WEBSTER A. CO., Publishers, 3 East 14th St., N. V. 


ci^^^^^^^Wi^^ ^j;^^y 

I« the Be#t Pen yet. Seod 25c. for a 3-(lozen bos tn \r. thf Btwt Pen yoL Send l** for a 1-dozen box 
S. S. I'ACKARD. 101 E. i'W St.. New York, s. S. PACKARD. lOI E. SM St., Now York. 

PACKARt), 101 E. aid St., Now \ 


Published Monthly 
202 Broadway, N. Y,, for $1 


Entered at the Post Office of Nev\ ' 
N. Y , as Second-Class Mall Mattel 
Copyright, 1890, by D.T. AMES, 

. F, KELLEY, Associate Eoi 


Vol. XIV.— No. 7 

Do Jiint the Tiling thai Her BiiNlncMN 


IN ALL the great crises of lite, and in 
the daily efforts which are to result in 
decisive success or failure, says the Chi- 
cago luter-OceaVy human beings are very 
much alone. They rely upon their fellow 
beings for all the benefits that are to be 
derived from congenial companionship 
and the incentives of rivalry and compe- 
tition. Hut beyond this, friends are of lit- 
tle avail. Whatever a man or woman 
may decide to take up as ii profession, he 
or she must do the actual work with his 
or her own hands or brains. In this rating 
the world takes into account only the in- 
dividual—in everything but politics. 
When the place is found there is but one 
question asked, " Can you fill it? Can 
you do acceptably what you have under- 

So far as women are concerned, the fact 
of being engaged in business has lost the 
novelty of experiment and precedent. It 
is now a matter of course, and they must 
stand or fall upon their individual merits 
alone, Gallaniry, deference to sex as 
such, have no longer any part in the final 
estimate which the world sums up. 

There are now throughout the country 
thousands of girls in the senior class of 
ihe high school, the academy and the uni- 
versity. They are ponderiuff over the 
graduating theme, and at the same time 
determining what they shall do. The 
editor of the newspaper is made their con- 
fidant. Into his sympathetic ear — or 
her's— they pour out their hopes, their 
fears, their aspirations. They have a good 
deal of text-book knowledge, which is de- 
stined to be applied, as soon as may be, to 
whatever they may choose as a means of 

With very few exceptions all make the 
same mistake. They do not know the 
difference between acquirement and ex- 
perience — experience which can be gained 
only by doing a thing over and over 
again. All cities have a vast and hope- 
less population of the educated, unexperi- 
enced. There are university-bred men 
living it attics; they know everything — 
science, history, belles lettres — yet they 
have not at their command that practical 
knowledge of the simplest craft, which 
means bread. The educated poor, the 
timid and impractical graduate of either 
sex, is infinitely more helpless than the 
laborer who works for a dollar a day and 
gets it, because, though their friends 
rally around them loyally their aid ran be 
only temporary ; a man must secure per- 
manent benefits for himself. 

Though the dependent live the allotted 
four score years and ten, to the last day of 
his sad life he will be nearly as helpless as 
he was when he opened his eyes to the 
light of day. 

This is not an undervaluation of culture. 
U what is called bard business goes w itb 

the uncultivated, 
ilut of the two, It is common sense that is 
indispensable. The graduate should bear 
in mind that it is a very ignorant young 
person who goes from the classroom to the 
office or shop, or to whatever station he 
may succeed in calling himself — for he is 
rarely ever called — nowadays. The lore 
of the schoolroom is a reserve fund, and it 
is little more. Though the young girl 
graduate have a score of diplomas, she is 

content with the humble place and the 
corresponding pay of a beginner. 

If she presents reliable letters attesting 
her various good qualities, they may in- 
cline the heart of her superior favorably 
to her, or they may fix a standard in his 
esteem which it will be exceedingly diffi- 
cult for her to attain, and, if attained, 
still more difficult to hold. She may count 
upon at least three years of apprenticeship, 
in which she must labor just as zealously 
and just as industriously as she would for 

E. H. Felton, President Bvsinets Ed'ucatora' Assoaiation, 

worth only what her natural intelligence 
and her actual ability to work may de- 

The conclusion of the whole matter is 
that the graduate, like the non-graduate, 
is .a beginner, and must, for a time, be 

three times the salary she receives. Future 
success, the desire to deserve reward, a de- 
termination to honestly and persistently 
work for these, must be her incentives, 
and must teach her " patience under afflic- 
tion," even as the prayer book has said. 

The rewards of life are not easier to at- 
tain now than they were formerly. On 
(he contrary, every field is more crowded 
than ever before. Education is more uni- 
versal, and the per cent, of general mtelli- 
gence is higher. The mediocre of yester- 
day would be lost sight of to-day, and a 
very respectable degree of talent is not so 
prominent in the present generality of 

All (his sounds very discouraging, but 
those who have trodden the stony way that 
lends, presumably, to fortune know how 
true it is. At the same time it is no rsa- 
son for discouragement. The world's work 
must be done. People are wanted just as 
much, or more than ever they were, and 
there are still the old degrees of good, 
better and best. It is wise, however, to 
make a right beginnintr. and the first prin- 
ciple to be laid ^own is to rely upon your- 
self. Look to your friends, your social 
position, your personal attractions for 
nothing. Simply make your service worth 
having, worth retaining, and worth pay- 
ing for, and success is assured. 

E. R. Felton. 

r Jo URN A 

lo prepare 

Design /or Book Illuttratiosi 

S[r: — You have (i 
sk3(ch for your .July number of the'Presi- 
dent of the Business Educators' Associa- 
tion, Mr. E. R. Felton, of Cleveland. 
You have made this request not on account 
of my fitness for the task beyond the fact 
of my long acquaintance with the victim, 
but, as I think, because you are sure that 
my love for him will make it a personal 
[)|pasure to say what I think, I thank you 
for the privilege. 

I cannot remember when I did not know 
Mr Felton. The record says he was born 
in 1828, but there must be a mistake in 
the date. I was bora in 1826, and it seems 
to me that Mr. Felton was at least a middle- 
aged man at that time. He has always, so 
far as I know, been a *' middle-aged man." 
No doubt he did at some time have to 
learn what he now knows; but I cannot 
conceive of him as lacking wisdom — what- 
ever may have been his age. I had the 
honor of nominating Mr, Felton for his 
present high position, and I was never 
prouder than when I did it — not of the 
speech, but of the subject of it. I know 
(if no higher position in the world than 
that of President of the Business Educators' 
Association; and I know of no man more 
worthy to hold it than Emas H. Felton, 
I ara tnld that Mr. Felton was bom in 
Nunda Valley, N. Y., and that .it ten years 
of age he removed to Norwalk, Ohio. He 
received an academic education at Huron 
Institute, and Oberlin College, and at 18 
became a bookkeeper in a forwarding and 
commission house at Milan, Ohio. He 
graduated from the Bryant & Stratton 
College at Cleveland in 1852, and began 
to teach in the same school in 1854. with 
one or two short intervals, he has been in 
this school ever since. 

It is not necessary for me to speak of hia 
varied and positive qualities as a teacher. 
He has made a mark in his profession of 
which any man might be proud, and he is 
as fresh and earnest and enthusiastic to- 
day as he was thirty years ago, and as he 
will be thirty years hence. Men of Felton's 
type never grow old. He may die— as we 
use that term — hut when he does, he will 
just begin to live, for he is truly immortal. 
If you know anything about Mr. FeItor» 
that I have not stated here, you are at 
liberty to print it; but after it is all duoe^ 
he will stand, unmoved by it, the same 
honest, earnest, conscientious true maD 
that we all know him to be. As Daniel 
Webster said of MassuchusetLs — changing 
jhe gender: 

T^ew he is. Look at him, 

Pencil Pointed Character. 

»n a Pciirll-SburpcDlnu; Tent. 
A crank, writiog in the New York 
Worh/, tells of a fellow crank who super- 
iotends employing the help of a large 
mercantile concern in 
New York, and "sizes 
up*' the applicants by 
the manner in which 
thty sharpen lead pen- 
cils. Infidlible test ! 
insist and rush into dia- 
grams which we here 
reproduce, with com- 
ments as originally pub- 

No. 1. J. Alfred Mead- 
ow. Painstaking, con- 
scientious, but not quick 
in perception or active in 
purpose. Would do 
fairly well iit the silk ribbon 

No. 3. Carolus Gobren- 
ccy. Delicate percep- 
tions. Neat, but im- 
patient ; irresolute ; not 
to be depended on in an 
No. 3. John Stiirboy. 
Stubborn, unscrupulous. 
No. 4. Reginald La 
Quitts. Devoted to any 
assigned duty, deliber- 
ate and purposeful ; 
would make a faithful 
but not brilliant em- 
ployee. St. Louis tem- 

J. K. A. 

slovenly, u n t rus t- 

No. 0. Peter Phlem- 
lug. Kxceedingly cod- 
seientious as to trifles, 
ccooomical, with an eye 
to the future. Fas- 
tidious in personal mat- 
ters ; tidy ; hopeful 
temperament. Put him 
in charge of stock. 

No. 7. Silas G. Cramp. 
A hvistler. Tendency to 
recklessness. Little re- 
gard for the feelings 

of others. Sanguinary 
temperament. Will 
send bim out on the 

mencea half way uj 
the pencil when ht 
sharpens it, and de 
stroys half the peuci 
before he gets i 

No. 8. Pompous, con- 
ceited and generally good for nothing. 

The Great Dickens' Manu- 

A friend ot mine, says a writer in the 
Boston Journal, has recently been making 
a study of some of the manuscripts of 
Charles Dickens' works. In one thing, at 
least, these manuscripts point a lesson to 
young writers—!, f.. that even so great a 
writer as "Boz" revised Jiis work repeat- 
edly and cut out uot only many lines, but 
often large blocks of his text, and always 
to the advantage of the novel. It seems 
quite evident that few, if any, writers can 
write with sufficient conciseness at the first 
draft. Novels have been written which 
have had little "cutting" done to them, 
but It is a question whether the work of 
the trnditioual blue pencil would uot have 
improved the text. These manuscripts of 
Dickens show that the work of the printer 
has been difficult enough, and exhibit 
among all the traceries of correctionsa pe- 

culiarity of authors which all readers of 
such manuscripts must have observed. In 
substituting one word or line for another, 
the erased passage is always so thoroughly 
and carefully blotted out that it can be 
no longer read. A common characteristic 
of authors seems to be an unwillingness to 
show whit minor mistake existed before 
the correction was made. 

Universities of the World. 


Among the nations of the world the 
United States ranks first in the number of 
educational institutions and students who 
attend them. There are in this country 3fiO 
imiversities, 4240 professors and 60,400 
students. Norway has 1 university, 46 
professors and 880 students. France has 1 
university, 180 professors and 9300 stu- 
dents. Belgium has 4 universities, 88 
professors and 2400 students. Holland 
has 4 universities, 80 professors and ItiOO 
students. Portugal has 1 university, 40 
professors and 1300 students. Italy has 
17 universities, 600 professors and 11,140 
students. Sweden has 2 universities, 173 
professors and 1010 students. Switzerland 
has 3 universities, 90 professors and 2000 
students. Russia has 8 universities, 585 
proftssors and 6000 students. Demark 
has 1 university, 40 professors and 1400 
students. Austria has 10 universities, 
1810 professors and 13,600 students. 
Spain has 10 universities, 380 professors 
and 16,200 students. Germany has 21 
universities, 1020 professors and 25,084 
students. Great Britain has 11 universi- 
ties, 334 professors and 13,400 students. — 
Touiig Men's Em. 

Signing a Check by Electricity. 
One of the marvels of electricity, and 
one of the most striking of the Edison 
exhibits at the Paris expositiou, was the 
little instrument which enables the operator 
to sign a check 100 miles distant. The 
writing to be transmitted is impressed on 
soft paper with an ordinary stylus. This 
is mounted on a cylinder, which, as it re- 
volves, "makes and breaks" the electric 
current by means of the varying indenta- 
tions ou the paper. At the receiving end 
of the wire a similar cylinder, moving in 
accurate synchronism with the other, 
receives the current on a chemically pre- 
pare paper, on which it transcribes the 
signatures in black letters on a white 

Give the Lad a Start. 

Show Him How lo \hv HIm HaiitlM 
aiid Tbeu He ran Help aiiuseir. 

Teach the boy to be self-reliant, to do 
something that will count. This does not 
mean that hie play is to be interrupted. 
It spoils a boy to interfere with his reason- 
able amusements, but he may have plenty 
of play time and work time, too. They 
don't conflict at all; in fact, ihey help 
each other. Above all, give the child a 
good start as to his handwriting. Bad 
habits leained young are got rid of with 
great difliculty. The following from 
Treaaure Trote is commended to parents 
and guardians, and to The Jotthnai/s 
young readers themselves: 

What cau a boy of fourteen years of 
age do that will yield him money ? 

I om looking at the photograph of a 
boy in Appletoa, Wisconsin, of this age. 
He had become a good penman, and was 
skillful in map drawing; he was employed 
in the office of a surveyor for two months, 
and was then offered one dollar and fifty 
cents per day. 

This is not au cxtniordinary looking boy. 
I believe there are thousands of boys that 
have hands just tis good as his, and who 
would jump at H chance to earn one dol- 
lar and a half per day, iu u nice, clean 
office. Yes, there are boys everywhere 

that are anxious to find something to do, 
and they need some helping words, and 
they shall have them. 

I have taken some pains to inquire about 
this hoy, and I find that he is very 
courteous and polite. Now that is sure to 
be a great point, though you may not 
think so. For when a man is going to 
employ a boy he will pick out a i>olite 
boy, rather than a rude one. You who 
are looking for employment should study 
the book of politeness. Some boys have 
neglected to leara the common rules of 
politeness who know their multiplication 
table perfectly. I know a boy who came 
into a village and made many friends 
among the older people in a week's time; 
he was a very polite boy. 

I am told this Wisconsin boy is an earn- 
est, steady boy. You see, a boy who is 
to be of use to others must have a purpose 
before him, he must feel that he is going 
to live in a manly way, in a careful way. 
What is the main fault in boys? Why, 
carelessness, of course. I am told this 
Wisconsin boy is a very careful boy. 

But, after all, the boy is going to do 
something that will be worth a great deal 
to his employer, for the boy has educated 
his hands. Now that is very important, 
and I want every boy who is looking for 
employment to look at his bands. Have 
you done su ? Then look at them again. 
What can those hands do for you ? If you 
have not educated them, begin to-day. 
Can you not train your hands to earn 
money for you ? 

This Applcton boy has trained his hands 
to use a pen, so can you. Some years ago 
a subscriber to this paper sent in a map 
that was pinned on the wall of the editor's 
room. A teacher saw it and offered f5 for 
a map like it. There was another boy who 
had learned to use his pen. 

By an Asiatic Penman. 

Tiny <^ali!£rs|>liy Thai All Admire But 

The smallest book in the world is thus 
described by the London Pall Mall Ou- 
eette. This little book consists of 100 
leaves of the finest rice paper, octagonal 
in shape, and measures from side to side 
one-half inch, stitched together and cov- 
ered iu silk. Nothing can exceed the 
lightness, delicacy and softness of the ma- 
terial or the neatness of the penmanship. 
This dainty little moi-sel of caligraphy. 
which at the first glance precisely re- 
emblcs, in its glass prison, a very tiny 
butterfly of some uncommon kind, is very 
probably unique in the Western world. 
How it escaped imminent destruction is 
not the least wonderful feature of its his- 
tory, for it was looted at Ghanzi, iu India, 
by a private soldier during the Mutiny, 
but it has been safe in Mr, Plant's posses- 
sion for many years. The work has not 
been translated, but is oflicially defined, 
on the authority of au Indian scholar, to 
be an example of the " Kathas, or Sacred 
Recitations of the Blahiattas Brahmans,'* 
and is written, without blot or alteration, 
in the Mahrattas character iu glossy black 
ink, with a brilliant margin of vermiltiou 
to every page, which is also numbered. 
Possibly the acme of biblical minuteness 
is reached in this beautiful little work of 
art, which, for the present, at any rate, 
may claim to be "the smallest bonk," us 
well as the least collective manuscript iu 
the world. 

Latest Greeley-Penmanship 

There are many amusing instances given 
of mistakes arising from the illegible hand- 
writing of Horace Greeley. The Phila- 
delphia Lidffcr' adds the following to the 

Here is what Greeley wrote, in response 
to an invitation to lecture: 

De-vr Sir: 1 am overworked and grow- 
ing old. I shall be sixty next February 
3d. Ou the whole, it seems I must de- 

cline to lecture henceforth, except in this 
immediate vicinity, if I do at all. I can- 
not promise to ^nsit Illinois on that errand 
— certainly not now. Yours, 


M. B. Castle, Sandwich. III. 

And here is how the Lecture Committee 
read it; 

Sakdwich, III., May 1'^. 
fforace Greeley. Nop Tori: Trihnnt: 

Dear Sir : Your acceptance to lecture 
before our association next winter came to 
hand this morning. Your penmanship 
not being the plainest, it took some time 
to translate it; but we succeeded, and. 
would say your time, "third of Febru- 
ary," and terms, " sixty dollars," are per- 
fectly satisfactory. As you suggest, we 
may be able to get you other engagements 
in this immediate vicinity. If so, we will 
advise you. Yours respectfully. 

M. B.' Castle. 

Bright Outlook for the B. E. A. 

Editor "op The Jouknal : 

The Executive Committee of the Busi- 
ness Educator's Association is unable to 
present to your readers in your July issue 
the programme of the coming meeting, as 
it had hoped. The chairmen of the vari- 
ous schools have not been able to perfect 
their schedules of excerci.^es. Sufficient 
has been received, however, to warrant 
the belief that the convention, as a whole, 
will be the Jiost interesting yet held, and 
that the attendance will be unusually 

A circular will be mailed to members 
and other commercial teachers, probably 
before Tete JotniNAi. will appear, contain- 
ing the program, as complete as possible, 
with particulars regarding expenses and 
other details. 

Thanking you for the liberal use of your 
columns which you have accorded our 
jmain, cordially yours, 
L. L. Williams, 
Chairman Ex. Com. B. E. A. of A. 



To tell w'y men is so an' so 

Is much too bard for me ; 
It is the way the critters ([row 

That makes them what they be. 
I only say the reason w'y 
So many men is all awry 

An" full of imperfection 
Is simply just because they can't 
Get any other kind of slant — 

They slant iu tbet directiou . 

I do not try to make it plain 

W'y men are proud or meek. 
Or with a mighty sweep of brain 

Or vast expanse of cheek ; 
It is enough for me to know 
It is the way the critters grow 

In every town an' section ; 
Thei-e is some power ttiat gives a cant 
Some mighty *' skid " tbet makes 'em sla 

All slant in thet dii'eetiou. 

Au' I don't blame n 

An' ou their vices rant. 
Till I look up their traits and such 

To_fiu' the way they slant ; 
Ac' I won't smite 'em hip an' j'int 
Until I find the way they p'lHt. 

Nor scold such imperfection. 
A little cherity I'll grant. 
For men are bad because they slant — 

They slant in thet directiou. 

—S. W. Foss in the y'ankrv Blade. 

The English postrofflce does all the express 
business in Great Britain, carries parcels at an 
averogo cost of eleven cents each, and makes u 
profit of ?-',2J0.OOO a yeai'. 

Good Advvrtlnlus Stroke. 

the mails, pO!i^oll]ces, postnJ regula- 


By Jim ttie Feximaxi. 

ir(. imlttiKhed (ft n 

pamitMrt, tmU br. 

anyaddreMn hy The JouR- 

receipi of 10 cenU- No 

\aiikcuUig wUh the eapyriohW] 

To A. P. Marble, Ph.U.. author 
of Presumptiou of Brains " aud 
late President National Teachere' 
Associatiou the iDspiratiouof this 
Handbook is, lespectfully ascribed. 

FiioM Presump 
OP Bbajns." 

Instead now of any educa- 
tional significance in penmanship, 
knack, dependent 
careful pra< tice aud not too 
muibnoik whub spoUs the hand- 
wTiting of many men." 

t requires is "careful practice aud not too much work." 
Take the pen between tbe ends of your fingers like a cigar, aud prevent it from falling by 
means of the bout thumb. Then crook your little finger till the corner of the nail rubs on the 
paper, and works like a spring in supporting the weight of yom* band. Keep the wrist 
straight, and off the paper ; but rest the arm upon your sleeve between wrist and elbow. 
Then *" let her slide '' 

To and fro 

Where you wish to go. 
Pi-actice this knack by writing yom" name or a letter to a friend or foe, or copy from the 
pages of this book. It will develop " staying power." aud a good " undei-standing" for future 
operations in performing Knacks 2. 3, 4. and H. " Well, Tommy, how are you getting on at 
school?" Tommy; " Pirst-rate. I ain't doing as well a^ some of the other boys, though, I 
can stand on my head, but I have to put my feet against the fence. I want to do it without 
being neai- the fence at all, and I guess I can after a while." 


The St.-ooud Knack is an easy as picking applies from a step-ladder. It is Nature's 
method of drawing out the ca}>acities and commaniing the suiTounding sUuatioi 

domiward, sidewise. and all around with equal facility within the compas: of 
more or less, in all directions, from the Perch, while makiug 

/ -...../% cf^ -^' Sr 

jr words to that effect, such 


'/ " 


Aldiborontiphincormi't, Chrononhotonthotogos, and other AUUudinariaii.s . 
It is a valuable exercise aud benefits the circulation as in tbe following 
operations : 


This is a lively knack, and as easy as chewing gum or 
rolHng off a log ; calling the table or desk the log, and 
jogging the arm or wagging the fingers while maintaining 
the Perch, and Reach as in K. 1 and K. 2. It tends 

towaid expression of the Ideas aad is in all probability the 
" missing link " between mind and matter. 

Practice this knack daily with cheerful spirits, for pleasui 
three things in unison, and fully realize the significance of thi 
and a yaller dog under the ujayo7i." 

' Joo — A small trot." [Webstei:) 


It merely reciuiree you to stand as in Knack First and i-eaeh .forward, backward, upward, 

All you have 1 

;) do is to turn your arm about its resting point as illuatj'ated, 
F make your fingers i»erfc.rm in a xfraighl line, while making 

the letters and words required, as specified In Knacks, 1 , 2, and 3. 

Such exercise, with "carefid practice aud not ti^o much work," will prepare 

yuu for usefulness and honor in after-life, a-^ exemplified herewith. 

[Concluded on page lOH.l 

The Round Table. 

hal About Bird*. BeaMtit, FUhcB 
d ]DNe«-l«— Kxllnol HppfleM and 
vliiK rurlo«llle« of Our Time. 

[Iniliiilhy C. P. Zaiirr.i 

1^ /\be more eot- 
^^kj ertaining than 
^ y a study of other 
f,l^ forma of life 
than ours — of 
the myriads of 
creatures represent- 
ing every variety of 
physical structure 
every grade of 
lligence which 
exist to-day, and 

grazing i 

the 1 


othere that lived years 
These fossil re- 
embudded in 
ocks that once were 
\ mud, tell us all we 
knowof the remote periods when the earth 
its swaddling clothes. It is a long 
1 the scale of intelligence from the 
icative clam to man, aad it's a 
little grotesque to reflect that for ages the 
clam and his cousins represented the high- 
est order of intelligence on our planet. 
After the shell fish came fishes proper, the 
remains of which are common in our mari 
beds. These remains, so plentiful in places 
now hundreds of miles from the sea, prove 
beyond peradventure that in those remote 
times large portions of our present conti- 
nents were, like the lamented McGinty, at 
the bottom of the sea. 

After the fishes came the frogs, and this 
was the age of the rank luxurious vegetation 
that formed our great coal beds— ferns and 
rushes forty feet high and two feet thick. 
A desolate enough place the earth seems 
to have been then, covered with great 
bogs, with an atmosphere soggy with 
dense fogs. 

Then came the reptiles— horrid look- 
ing things that filled the land, the water 
and the air. Think of a great crocodile 
tish with fiai)s like a turtle, jaws six feet 
long, and thirty-odd feet from tip to tail ! 
The geologists call him TcJithyosaurm Cmn- 
muiiin, and 1 think he deserved it all. He 
hadafittingcompanion in the PlesiosauriiJi, 
almost as large, with a long, serpentine 
neck like that of a swan. More hideous 
Still was the Pterothictyl, a reptile as for- 
midable as these, flying through the air 
with bat-like wmgs. thirty feet across. 

Next in order came the mammals, ani- 
mals that suckle their young. Creatures 
among them there were that dwarf our 
modern elephants in comparison. The 
mammoth, maatodon and other large beasts 
roamed the earth, tumbling into bogs to 
be dug out by wondering man ages later. 
These remains, so common in our own 
country, including Alaska, and even in 
Greenland, show that our climate was 
once tropical. In South America skeletons 
of a giant sloth eighteen feet long and 
eight feet high have been dug up. The 
Irish elk. tt ith head erect, raised the tips of 
his antlers ten or twelve feet from the 
ground. Some of these antlers, twelve 
feet across, have been found. It is wonder- 
fully fa.scinating to read of these curious 
creiitures which have passed from the face 
of the earth, but we have peuetrated this 
branch of the subject as far as S]iace will 
permit. Let us consider in a "chatty" 
manner some habits and characteristics of 
animals with which we are more familiar. 

According to the Zoologiat the reason 
that anything of a red color excites and in- 
furiates the ox tribes is because red is the 
complementary color of green, and the 
eyes of oxen, being long fixed upon the 
green herbage while feeding, when thty 
espy anything red it impresses their sight 
with a greatly increased inlensity. The 
same effect is doubtless produced upon all 

crabs an-ong the c 
most uerfect in 

globe of which i 

red color. All ani- 
hich chew the cud have cloven 
feet. Sheep have no teeth in the upper 
jaw. In some parts of the world there 
are sheei) that have most of their fat in 
their tails. These tails weigh so much 
that they have to be tied on small carts, 
which the sheep draw after them when 
they walk. The carts are made of flat 
boards on two wheels. The fat of the 
tail is very aoft, and is used us butter. 
Whalebone is found in the mouth of the 
whalebone whale, where it forms the sub- 
stitute for the teeth, of which otherwise 
the animal is destitute. 

In the hottest climates the animals are 
found most to approach man, and those 
in each great zoological division pos- 
sessing organizations most complex and 
faculties most developed, while in the 
polar regions are found only beings oc- 
cupying a rank but little elevated in 
the zoological series. The apes, for ex- 
ample, are limited to the hottest parts of 
the two continents; it is the same with 
parrots among birds, the crocodile and 
tortoise among reptiles and with land 
ruf.tacea — all animals the 
their respective .classes. 
motion in the eye, the 
immovably fixed in its 
socket by a strong, elastic, hard, cartilagi- 
nous case, in the form of a truncated cone, 
but in order to compensate for this ab- 
sence of motion in the eye, it is able to 
turn its head round in almost 'a complete 
circle without moving its body. There is 
no country in which the raven is not found 
native. The margin of the desert, of the 
jungle, or of the ioys,t, in the hottest 
climates; the height;: of alternate cliff 
and copse in temper- te climate, or the 
rocks and heaths, and even the lichen 
clad margins of the inhabited regions near 
the poles, are all equal in its abode. Both 
mardihles of the parrot's beak are 
movable, but most birds are able to move 
only one. The stork is partial to kittens 
as an article of food, and finds them an 
easy and wholesome prey, and the cats 
reciprocate by a love for young storks. 

The frcg, owing to its peculiar structure, 
cannot breathe with the mouth open ; and 
if it were forcibly kept open the animal 
would die of suffocation. Fish swallow 
their food hastily and without mastication, 
because they are obliged unceasingly to 
open and close the Jaws for the purpose of 
respiration, and cannot long retain food 
in the mouth when quite shut. The eyes 
of hares are never closed, as they are un- 
provided with the eyelids. Instead, 
thereof, they have a thin membrane which 
covers the eye when asleep, and probably 
also when at rest. This membrane folds 
hke a curtain in the corner of the eye, and 
by an instantaneous action flies back when 
sight is required, and leaves the eye im- 
mediately and fully open for the exercise 
of sight. Pigs are poor swimmers, their 
forelegs being set closely under them, and 
when they sometimes fall into the water 
they cut their throats with the sharp points 
of their cloven feet. The horse has no 
eyebrows. The appearance of much white 
in the eye of a horse indicates a vicious 

The hump on the back of the drome- 
dary is an accumulation of a peculiar 
species of fat, which is a store of nourish- 
ment beneficently provided against the 
day of want, to which the animal is often 
exposed. The dromedary or camel can 
exist for a long period upon this hump 
without liny other food. The deer is fur- 
nished with supplementary breathing 
places in addition to the nostrils, and this 
would appear to be an extraordinary pro- 
vision of nature, giving the beast of the 
chase a freer respiration. Tortoises and 
turtles have no teeth. The cuckoo de- 
posits her eggs in the nfsts of other birds 
because she is the largest of insectivorous 
birds, and requires a great quantity 
of food, for which she must make constant 
search. She places her eggs in the nests 

of other birds with her feet, for if she sat 
upon the adopted nest while laying the 
eggs the weight of her body would disar- 
range the nest and cause it to be forsaken. 
The crocodile devours all kinds of birds it 
can get but one- the zic zac. It v>. said 
that when a crocodile comes on shore he 
opens his jaws, and this bird enters and 
swallows the leeches which are found 
about the auimal's jaws and teeth, ond 
which have collected there, owing to the 
creature being for so long a time in the 
water. The relief afiorded by having the 
leeches withdrawn induces the crocodile to 
tolerate the presence of the bird. 

The faculty the chameleon has of changing 
its color has been attributed to the pro- 
tective instinct of the animal, by which it 
seeks to render itself less observable by 
enemies by assuming the color of the bed 
on which it lies. Some naturalists attrib- 
ute the change of color to the distention 
of the chameleon's body, occasioning dif- 
ferences in the cuticle, affecting its reflec- 
tive properties; others that the animal has 
the power of throwing into its skin a dif- 
ferent pigment, or coloring matter, from 
the blood, and others to a peculiar nervous 
or galvanic action. Other animals, includ- 
ing the common tree frog, have this 
faculty of changing their color more or 
less to harmonize with the co'or of the 
leaf or tree upon which they rest. 

Of all the mammals which we know to- 
day, which, think you, can boast of the 
most ancient lineage? The common 'pos- 
sum, which, associated with " 'taters wid 
de graby dreenin' out," is so dear to the 
heart of our brother in black. The opos- 
sum is one member of a rare family 
known as marsupals, because they carry 
their young in a pouch The only other 
living representatives of this family that 
survive are the kangaroos, various spe- 
cies of which are found in Austialia. 
Not many years since that great countiy 
was overrun with these queer beasts, but 
they have been hunted so mercilessly that 
their complete extinction in a few years is 
feared. The kangaroo lives on grass, and 
as one of them will eat as much as five 
sheep, the Australian sheep raiser naturally 
regards them as nuisances Besides, their 
flesh is wholesome, and they are often 
hunted for food. This made the odds 
great enough against the "amoosin' little 
cuss," as Artemus Ward characterized the 
creature, and when the public began to 
take to kangaroo skin shoes the doom of 
the animal was sealed. A Newark firm 
is chiefly responsible for this idea, and has 
an almost complete monopoly of the busi- 
ness, annually importing thousands of 

I/(0 Pecunttit]/ of Animals, 

Man and most of the larger and more 
intelligent animals have, as a rule, but one 
offspring at a birth, and breed at intervals 
of at least a year. The fecundity of fishes 
and insects is stupendous, and but for the 
wise provision of Nature that destroys a 
great majority of the young try. the earth 
would soon be entirely overrun by them. 

According to naturalists, a scorpion will 
produce ^5 young; a common fly will lay 
144 eggs, a leech 150. and a spider 170. 
A hydrachna produces 600 egf^ and a frog 
1100. A female moth will produce 1100 
eggs and a tortoise 1000. A gall insect has 
laid 50,000 eugs; a shrimp 6000, and 
10,000 have been found in the ovary of 
anascaris. One naturalist found over 
13,000 eggs in a lobster, and another over 
21,000. An insect very similar to an nnt 
(mutilla) has produced 80,000 eggs in a 
single day, and Leuwenhoeck seems to 
compute 4,000,000 to the crab's share. 

Many fishes produce an incredible num- 
ber of eggs. More than 36,000 have been 
counted in a herring, 38,000 in a smelt, 
1,000,000 in a sole, 1,130,000 in a roach, 
3,000,000 in a sturgeon, 342,000in a carp, 
383,000 in a tench, o46,000 in a mackerel, 
902,000 in a perch and 1,357,000 in a 
flounder. But of all Jtnowp fishes, the 

cod seems to be the most prolific. One 
naturalist computes that this fish produced 
more than 3,(186,000 eggs, and another as 
many as 0,444,000. A rough calculation 
has shown that were 1 per cent, of the 
eggs of the salmon to result in full-grown 
fish, and were they and their progeny to 
continue to increase in the same ratio, 
they would, in about sixty years, amount 
in bulk to many times the size of the 
earth. Nor is the salmon the most prolific 
of species. In a yellow perch weighing 
3it)unces have been counted 9fl43 eggs, 
and in a smelt ten inches and a half in 
length 25,141. An interesting experiment 
was made in 1761, by Charies F. Lund. 
He obtained from fifty female breams 
3,100,000 young; from 100 female perch, 
3,215,000; from 100 female mullets, 

The greatest egg producers naturalists 
have yet found is the termite, commonly 
known as the white ant, though it really 
belongs to another genus. The female lays 
as many as 31,000,000 eggs in the course 
of a year — millions atone time. Ordinarily 
she is less than half an inch long, but just 
before laying the enormous number of 
eggs in her body swells it so that she 
weighs a thousand times as much as after 
the eggs have been delivered, A very 
small percentage of the progeny are per- 
fect males and still fewer perfect females. 
The great majority are known as " work- 
ers " from their industrious habits. They 
are really the slaves of the ant hill. Others 
are called the "soldiers," as they guard 
the home and do all the fighting. Strike 
the hill and they will rush out as bravely 
as the bravest garrison. Still others are 
called "neuters," though this designation 
might be applied generally to the " work- 
ers" and "soldiers" as well. These are 
all probably undeveloped males and fe- 
males, chiefly the latter. Each class, how- 
ever, may be readily distinguished from 
the others by size, form and general ap- 
pearance. The termite is the insect whose 
terrible march over country, devouring 
every living thing iu their path, vegetable 
a. d animal, we have all read about so 
often. It is likely that these accounts are 

Ihe Egga of Inaeeta. 

An entertaining specialist in the New 
York LeiJfjer writes that insects' eggs are not 
all of an oval form, like those of birds, 
but some are like a pear, some like an 
orange, some like a pyramid, and some 
like a flask. The egg of the gnat, for in- 
stance, may be compared, in shape, to that 
of a powder-flask, and the mother giiat 
lays about three hundred at a time. Now 
each egg, by itself, would sink to the lx)t- 
tom of the water ; yet the gnat puts the 
whole three hundred together in the form 
of a little boat, and in such a way that 
they will all swim on the surface of the wa- 
ter, and a very curious way she has of man- 
aging this. Like other insects, the gnat 
has six legs. Four of these (the four fore- 
legs) she fastens to a floating leaf, or to the 
side of a bucket, ff she is on the water 
contained in a bucket. Her body is thus 
held level with the water, except the last 
ring of her abdomen, which is a little 
raised. This being done, she begins to 
make use of her other two legs {or hind 
legs), and crosses them in the shape of the 
letter X. The open part of this X, next 
to her tail, serves as a kind of scaffolding 
to support the eggs she lays until the boat 
is formed. Each egg, when laid, is covered 
with a kind of glue, and the gnat holds 
the first laid egg on the angle of the X 
until the second egg is laid by its side and 
glued to it ; she then glues another egg to 
its other side. All these stick together 
thus, %♦, makmg a kind of triangle, or 
figure of three, and this is the beginning 
of the boat. Thus she goes on, piling egg 
upon egg, always keeping Ihe boat iij 
proper shape by her useful hind legs. As 
the boat grows in size she pushes it from 
her by degrees, etill adding tg the uii.- 

finished end next to her body. When the 
boat is half built her hind legs are stretched 
out thus =. the X, or crogs form is no 
longer wanted, and she holds up the boat 
ae cleverly as if it were done with two out- 
stretched hands. The boat is at length 
completed, and an excellent boat it is, 
quite water-tight. For though it is very 
small and delicate, yet no tossing of the 
waves will sink it, and nothing can fill it 
with water or turn it upside down. In fact, 
the glue with which it is covered prevents it 
from ever being wet. Even if the boat be 
pushed down to the bottom of the water, 
up it comes again quite dry, so that it is even 
better than the best life-boat that has ever 
jet been invented. 

The eggs of insects are not, like those 
of birds, always smooth, but are some- 
times ribbed, and sometimes tiled, or 
otherwise sculptured or carved on the out- 
side. The shell of an insect's* egg ia 
rarely ever brittle, like that of a bird, but 
composed of a tough membrane, which in 
some instances can be stretched out, as 
appears from the eggs of ants and some 
other insects, growing considerably larger 
in the process of hatching. ' The mother 
insects, usually dying before their eggs 
are hatched, do not sit upon them like 
birds, except in the singular instance of 
the earwig, which appears to attend more 
to shifting the eggs about to places where 
they may receive moisture, than to hatch- 
ing them by covering them. 

Training Xnteetg. 

Every animal is more or less susceptible 
to educational influences. We have all en- 
joyed the tricks of the larger animals and 
of birds. Did you ever see a trained flea ? 
It seems incredible that a so small a creature 
could be turned into a circus performer, 
yet there is a show where the per.ormers 
are fleas. The little creatures draw car- 
riages driven by other fleas, walk tight 
ropes, turn somersaults, run races and per- 
form various smusing acts. You look ut 
the show through a magnifying glass. 

Scientific men are now at work on the 
problem of using bees as dispatch bearers 
in the place of carrier pigeons. The bee 
can oiitfly the pigeon, and olTers no target 
to the marksman, as in the case of the 
pigeon. The instinct that guides him to 
to his home is just as alert, and it has been 
demonstrated that by the aid of photo- 
microscopy a dispatch of 5000 words can 
be borne by a bee with no particular in- 

Ittr Flappintf of a Fty'n ning. 

Sir .lohn Lubback tells us that the sUiw 
flapping of a butterfly's wing produces no 
sound, but when the movements are rapid 
the noise is produced, which increases m 
shrillness with the number of vibrations. 
Thus the house fly, which produces the 
sound F, vibrates its wings 21,120 times a 
minute, or 335 times in a second; and the 
bee, which makes a sound of A, as many 
88 26,400 times, or 440 times in a second. 
On the contrary, a tired bee hums on E, 
and therefore, according to theory, vi- 
brates its wings only 330 times in a sec- 
ond. Marcy, the naturalist, after many 
attempts, has succeeded, by a delicate 
mechanism, in confirming these numbers 
graphically. He fixed a fly 60 that the tip 
of his wings just touched a cylinder, 
which was moved by clockwork. Each 
stroke of the wing caused a mark, of 
couise very slight, but still quite percepti- 
ble, and thus showed that there were actu- 
ally 330 strokes in a second, agreeing al- 
most exactly with the number of vibrations 
inferred from tho note produced. 

Ostrich farming is a profitable industry 
in South Africa, and has been tried on a 
small scale with some success in this coun- 
try-. In Mauchunia, a district in the 
northern part of the Chinese Empire, dog 
farming is an important business. The 
animals are raised chiefiv for their hides. 

though the flesh i.t -ilso eaten. Frtd 
Clark, an enterprising citizen of 5It. 
Morris, New York, has a well-stocked 
skunk farm. Terrapin raising is an indus- 
try of the Maryland coast. A Geurgia 
man has a little fortune invested in opos- 
sum farming. 

By a wise provision of nature some ani- 
mals are endowed with the faculty of 
suspending their living functions during 
certain periods, usually seasons of weather 
unsuited to their natures. Thus, with us, 
the bear, chipmunk, snakes and other 
creatures, crawl into their holes and lie 
dormant through the winter. Whether 
the animal subsists during this period of 
hibernation upon fat stored in certain 
glands for the purpose is an unsettled 
question, but the weight of scientific 
opinion favors the theory that all the phys- 
ical as well as mental processes are in a 
state of absolute suspension. 

It ia a somewhat recent discovery that 
certain animals in very hot countries go 

keep on yniziiig, exhibiting no utht-r sign 
of inconvenience than holding the injured 
member up. As a rule, the smaller the 
animal's brain in proportion to his bulk 
the less his capamty for suffering. Fish 
endure tittle pain. In fact, some scientists 
think that their sensations when taken 
from the water correspond to those of a 
human being under the iufiuenco of 
laughing gas. The worm, with which 
you bait your hook, probably feels it less 
than you would a slight prick from a pin. 
If cut in two the head part will grow a 
new tail. Nearly all animals, however, 
arc susceptible of acute sensations of fear. 

InitttttotB That Are hott. 

The following is from an article in the 
London Spectator : 

If the doctrine be true that man is really 
the heir of all the various species and 
genera of the animal kingdom, it seems a 
little hard upon us that, even by way of 
expectation, we inherit none of the most 
marvelous instincts of those species and 

lied festiva- 

Fish have been known to burrow in the 
mud of a drying pond and preserve life 
in a torpid state until fresh rains restored 
them to their native element. Frogs and 
other reptiles will live for an indefinite 
period hermetically scaled in a rock. 

Attitniil SmisibtUti/ to Pain. 

There has been much discussion over the 
degree of pain endured by various animals 
compared with that endured by man. That 
it is very much less in the case of other 
animals is not to be questioned. Those 
which have been associated with men most 
intimately, such as the dog and horse, 
suffer more from physical injuries. Yet a 
horse with a leg crushed to a pulp will 

genera, and have to be content with those 
greater but purely human faculties by 
which even the most wonderful of animal 
instincts have been somehow extinguished. 
Sir John Lubbock maintains with a great 
deal of plausibility that there are insects, 
and very likely even higher animals, which 
perceive colors of which we have no 
glimpse, and hear sounds which to us are 
inaudible. Yet we never hfar of a human 
retina that includes in its vision those 
colors depending on vibrations of the ether 
which are too slow or too rapid for our 
ordinary eyes, nor of a human ear which 
is entranced with music that to the great 
majority of our species is absolutely in- 
audible. Again, we never hear of a human 
being who could perform the feat, of 
which wc were told only recently, of a 
bloo<lhound. In a dark night it followed 

up for three miles the trail of a thief with 
whom the bloodhound could oe>"er have 
been in contact (he had just purloined 
some rolls of tan from the tanyard in 
which the dog was chained up), and fin- 
ally sat down under the tree in which the 
man had taken refuge. Why, we wonder, 
are those finer powers of discriminating 
and following the track of a scent which 
so many of the lower animals possess en- 
tirely extinguished in man, if man be the 
real heir of all the various genera which 
show powers inferior to his own ? Wesecno 
trace in animals of that high enjoyment of 
the finer scent which makts the blossom- 
ing of the spring flowers so great a delight 
to human beings, nnd yet men ttre entirely 
destitute of that almost unerring power of 
tracking the path of an odor which seems 
to be one of the principal gifts of many 
quadrupeds and some birds. It is the same 
with the power of a dog or cat to find ita 
way back to a home to which it is at- 
tached, but from which it has been taken 
by a route that it cannot possibly follow 
on its return, even if it had the power of 
observing that route, which usually it has 
not had. Nothing could be more conveni- 
ent than such a power to a lost child. But 
no one ever heard of auy child who pos- 
sessed it. Still more enviable is that in- 
stinct possessed by so many birds of cross' 
ing great tracts of land and sea without 
apparently any landmarks or sea marks to 
guide them, and of reaching a quarter of 
the globe which many of them have never 
visited before, while those who have vis- 
ited it before have not visited it often 
enough to learn the way, at least by any 
rule which, in like circumstances, would 
be of any use to human intelligence. The 
migratory birds must certainly be in pos- 
session of either senses or instincts entirely 
beyond the range of human imagination, 
and yet no one ever heard of the survival 
of such a sense or instinct in any member 
of our race. It may be said, indeed, that 
men have either inherited or reproduced 
the slave-making instinct of some of the 
military ants, though that unfortunate and 
degrading instinct docs not appear to have 
been inherited by any of the higher 
animals which intervene between the in- 
sects and our own race; but this only en- 
hances the irony of our destiny, if we do, 
indeed, in any sense inherit from these 
insect aristocracies one of the most 
disastrous instincts of the audacious but 
indolent creatures which fight so much 
better than they work. If we have not 
inherited the architectural instincts of bees 
or beavers, nor the s[)inning instincts of 
spiders, nor the power of the dog to track 
out its home, it is a little sad that we 
should have inherited the one disastrous 
instinct of the ant by which if makes itself 
dependent on a more timid and industrious 
species of its own race, and thereby loaea 
the power to help itself. What is still 
more curious is that even when human 
beings have wholly exceptional and un- 
heard-of powers they betray no traces of 
the exceptional and unheard-of powers of 
the races whose vital organization wc are 
said to inherit. The occasional appear- 
ance of very rare mathematical powers, for 
instance, so far from being in any sepse 
explicable from below, looks much more 
like inspirat on from above. The calcu- 
lating boy, who could not even give any 
account of the process whereby he arrived 
at correct results which the educated 
mathematician took some time to verify, 
certainly was not reviving in himself any 
of the rare powers of the lower tribes of 
animals. Nor do the prodigies in music 
who show such marvelous power in infancy 
recall to us any instinct of ihe bird, the 
only musical creature except ourselves. 
Still less, of course, does great moral 
genius, the genius of a Howard or a Clark- 
son, suggest any reminiscence of what 

I the world of animal life. 

The person who isn't satisfied with Ames' I 

Business Writing. 

EVIEW the movtment 
ches in Lesson I, 
making them quickly. 

In this lesson we have 
plenty of work for the 
present month, and I de- 
every pupil to be 
wide awake and willing to work. Where 
we have so many different eopits, the bojs 
must not he too anxious to get all at once, 
by spreading themselves all over the field 
at the first jump. 

Copies 1, 2, 3. 4, 5, 6 and 7 must receive 
practice. Hold the hand in a good, easy 
position; make the first exercise quickly; 
don't make a loop at the top of c, nor lift 
the pen between the letters. 

Nos. 2, 3 and 4 form natural combina- 
tions; be fareful about the top of ju; 
study the shape of each form. 

Noe. 5, 6 and 7 are very important; 
notice height and width of loops; mnke 
downward strokes straight ; don't omit 
the last stroke. 

Now we are all pleased; and, of course, 
good work will be in order. Take the 
capital A and make it with an easy move- 
ment, not with a jerlc, and aim to close 
it at the top. You must make not less 
than 75 per minute. 

Take the capitals, one at a time, and 
give them faithful study and practice; 
then write them in order; get them all the 
same height. 

You wi!l notice two styles of d,f, g, t 
and y in the cut showing small letter al- 
phabet. The second style of each is the one 
used at the end of a word, as you may see 
in the cut that follows. 

In writing the final copy, I want every 
pupil to slide the hand with each letter. 
Study the spacing between words. Com- 
pare the slant of your writing with copy. 

These lessons are for the boys and girls, 
and I want you to be perfectly free to send 
me specimens of your best writing; and 
whenever I can aid you I shall take pleas- 
ure in so doing. Don't be ashamed of your 
work. The finest penmen in the country 
were no better writers than you before 
they studied and practiced. 

Words Commonly Misused. 

Perhaps this list embodies some of your 
own eccentricities of language: 

Administer for deal or glee. 

Amateur for novice. 

Anticipate for expect. 

Carnality for mmal'.ty. 

Character for reputation. 

Consider for suppose. 

Coiistantli/ loT frequently. 

Directly for ag goon as. 

Emhracc for eomprtge. 

Firntly torjirat. 

OrfitvitouH for untnte or unfounde^i. . 

Inaugurate for hegin or institute. 

Indorse for sanction or approve. 

I<e&s for fncer. 

Liahle for liMy. 

Majority for most. 

Mutual for common. 

Observe for say. 

Octiur for takes place. 

Partake for take or eat. 

PartiaUy for partly. 

Quit^ for wholly or rather. 

Heplact for supply, etc. 

Proof for testimony. 

Transpire for take place. 

'^ He exploded the idea/' "I am mis- 
taien;" *' l\c partook of a hearty break- 
fast"; "Mary performs on the piano"; 
" He took a portion of the bread''; "I 
ifii^pw? his honesty " ; "Have you any of 
those kind"; "They called upon him to 
eiug"; "I am hound (determined) to go." 

The preceding expressions are very fre- 
quently heard, yet each is faulty. 

" You ought not to write as you have 
done"'; "Have you a yw// complement ?'' 
"They stopped in a grove of small trees '' ; 
"I go from hence to Denver"; "The 
funeral of the M^r Mr. Wait"; "The old 
veteran is gone." In e.\pressions similar 
to the foregoing the italicized, words are 
superfluous. — Pennsylvania School. 


; of Tni 

[Contributions f<»r this Dei 
addressed to B. F. Kelley. o 
MAN'S Art .Journal. Urlef 


Harvard, Yale, Cornell and Princeton issu 
daily papers. 

The income of Cambridge University (Eng. 
in the year 1887 was £S4fi,550, or about $1,700, 

In Philadelphia there are 110,000 pupils i; 
the public schools. 30,01)11 in private schnoLc. 

It is against the law in Germany to put win 
dows on both sides of the schoolroom. 

"Johnny, what teacher are you undermost ?" 

" They all sit on me when they get a chance." 
— Munae-u's Weekly. 

Teacher: "Translate, please. 'Omnis Gal- 
lia divisa est in ti'es partes. ' " 

Pupil : ■'Ail Gaul is quartered into tbi-ee 

"Tommy," said a youngster's mother. 
" there is a gi-eat big blot on your copy book." 

"No, mamma, you're mistaken. That'sonly 
a period. Our teacher is awfully near-sighted." 

Mr. Staid : "And is Miss Gigglegaggle well 
educated ? " 

Mrs. McFad ; " Educated ! I should say 
so. Why, the ribbons on her graduating dress 
alone cost over $50. — Boafon Transcript . 

"Now, Sanmel,'" said one of our teachers, 
"your father is a coal dealer. Suppose he 
should sell me six tons of coal at tlS per ton, 
what would he have f " 

Samuel : " He'd have $36 and two tous of 
coal left." — Tnledn American. 

Teacher : " If Johnny Jones has four apples 
and divides them with you equally, how many 
will you then have ?" 

Tommy: "The two littlest ones."— Terra 
Haute Express. 

Crandle's Copies for July Practice. 

Austria has 8000 school gardens devoted to 
horticulture and botany in conuection with 
school work. 

The New York Independent says that in 
thirteen Southern States 424,000 colored chil- 
dren, between the ages of six and fourteen 
yeai-s. were not at school at all last year. 

The Cornell school of journaliani is a thing 
of the past. The news of this fact did not pro- 
duce any marked effect on the " trained jour- 

The Boston School Board has decided not to 
take away from the teachers the right to inflict 
corporal punishment. 

Industrial drawing is now taught in -idl 
cities and towns in Massachusetts. 

North Carolina has 800,000 acres of swamp 
land to sell for the benefit of her education 

The Jews of New York propose to erect a 
mission buUding to cost *3,0tf0,000. In the new 
building will be kindergarten and industrial 
classes, free lectures, and iustruotious in vari- 
ous departments. 

The Stato of Texas has jilOO.OOO.OOO school 
bonds in the treasury. There are .'tOOO colored 
teachers, and she spends over «K.'JO,OCO annually 
on colored schools. The colored population 
pay 3 per cent, of the taxes and get 20 per 
cent, of the school funds. 

He hailed from Boston : (Cedric's mother 
was a New Yorker, but Cedric himself was 
born in Boston). " Cedric, you are a naughty 
boy ; you want a licking," said she. " No, 
mother," returned the child, bravely, " I may 
need chastisement, but I do not want it." — 
Haiper's Bazar. 

"And this is where you teach the young 
idea how to shoot i" remarked the visitor to 
the pretty school ma'bm. 

" Yes, sir," she replied ; " we teach trigger- 
nometry here."— Judge. 

Professor : " Mr. Chumpy, I am anxious 
for your father's sake to bi-eak the long list of 
demerit marks you have won here. Do you 
think you will ever learn anything i " 

"No. sir." 

" Mark Mr. Chumpy as having correctly 
answered nil the question.s put to hioi this 
lesson."— P/ti7o(/f(p/ii« Timrs. 

Teacher : " Sammy, what is the meaning of 
the word ' pi-ocrastinate t ' " 

Sammy : " It means "to put off,' sir." 

Teacher : " Con-ect. Now, construct a sen- 
tence introducing the word." 

Sammy: "When a man goes to bed at night 
he procrastinates his garments."— FoHfrcrs 

Gravitation Lesson. — Teat-her : " Now, 
James, what makes the apples fall from the 

James- ' "Worms." 

A small boy's comjiositioH on " L'mbi-wllas '■ 
states that " Umberellers were introduced in 
the rain of George the Third, which was n 
disastrous one in many particulare, being tlu' 
time when the Declaration of IndependeiiiL-f 
was signed by the four hundred, and ab-mt 
the date when George Washington could not 
lie."— -V. r. Com. Adr. 


" More old landmarks gone," said the tramj. 
after his compulsory bath. -Tenc Haute E.r- 

Hogg was only a fourth rate poet, but he is 
the only literary man who ever had a pen 
named after him.— AicA-. 

" Is that young man gone, Matdda »" cried 
her father from the top of the stairs. 

" Oh, awfully ! " returned Matil.ia.- Puct. 

" Butter," says a learned writer, " was uu- 
kuown to the ancients," Then some of it can- 
not be as old as it ee^ms.— Pittsburgh Chroni- 

"These are the husks that the swine didn't 
eat," as the sexton said when he swept the pea- 
nut chells out of the lecture room after the 
church fair. 

Henderson: "That was a good thing your 
wife got off at the theater lost night. It pleaseil 

Williamson: " What was it ? " 

Henderson: "Herbormet." 

Waiter (looking in on a noisy card party in 
hotel bedroom): " I've been sent to ask you to 
make less noise, gentlemen. Thegentleman in 
the next room says he can't i-ead." 

Host: " TeU him he ought to be ashamed of 
himself. Why, I could i-ead when I was Hv,- 
years old." — Jester. 

Judge: " You are a freeholder ! ' 

Prosijective Juryman: "Yes, sir." 

Judge: "Married or single?" 

Prospective Jm-ymon: " Married three years 
ago last month." 

Judge: " Have you formed^r expressed any 
opinion r' 

Prospective Juryman: "Not since I was 
man-ied, three years ago." 

He (who has been hanging fire all winter) : 
" Are you fond of poppies, Miss Smith i " 

She (promptly): " What asingular way you 
have of proposing, Elgardo. Yes, darling." 

And now the cards are out. 

They were in the parlor, occupying one chaii-, 
with but a single thought. They had discussed 
the tariff, the Irish qaestiou, the sleighing, the 
opera, the weather and other important topics 
till couvei-sation was about fagged out. AiUT 
a long pause: 

" Ducky." 


" Do you think I am making any progress in 
courting i " 

" Well, I should say you were holding your 

Tableau. — Exchange. 

Mrs. Fangle: "Lizzie, what time was it 
when that young man left last night ? " 

Lizzie : " About 11, mamma." 

Mrs. Fajigle; "Now, Lizzie, it wastwoh..ui> 
later than that, for I distinctly heard hmi -^iv. 
as ynu both went to the door, 'Just nuL- 
Lizzie.' " You can't fool your mother." 

Johnny : •' Mamma, what's the use of keep- 
ing the whip you uj>e on me behind the motto. 
' God bless our home I ' " 

Mamma: " Canyon suggest abettei- place T' 

Johnny : " Yes; put it behind the motto " I 
need thee every hour.' " 

PopDlnrlty of " HIIPn manual." 

Few books ever printed in this country have 
reached so largo a circulation as Hill's Manual 
of Biography and Art. Up to date ;«8,0(K) 
copies have been sold, with a new editiou in 
press and an increasing ilmnuud. We might 
say too that no book witfaNvhich we are fa- 
miliar has built its popularity upon a surer 
foundation. The title does not convey an en- 
tirely adequate impression of the contents, n^r 
could any title of reasonable length. Tin- 
Manual is really a boiled down cyclopedia of 
everyday science, art and biography— a com- 
pendium of forms, formulas and general data 
of a utilitarian nature, calculated to gi-eatly 
reduce the friction of transacting evei-yday 
business. The author and publisher, Thomas 
E. Hill. Prospect Park, III., deserves all tlit- 

The cost of the proposed Nicaragua Canal i-. 
now placed at $05,000,000. The distance Li- 
tween the oceans is I01» miles, but only twenty- 
nine miles of canal will have to be dug. Tlii' 
San Juan River must be deepened and sonif 
artificial basins constructed in the valleys of 
other streams, Lake Nicaragua affords fifty- 
six miles of free sailing. The Suez Canal, 
which was cut out of the soil and sand for 100 
mUes, cost «81, 000,000. 


Penmen Are Delighted. 

Itat IR Said lu all Part* of Aiiick* 
Book of FloiirlHhOM. 

; .v- THE COMPILEK of 

l"-;,^' Ames" Book of Flour- 

ishes canDOt but feel 
riiUtered at the iip- 
proviag. caminCDts that 
have poured iu from all 
parts of tlie country 
siDce the work was put 
on the market. Every 
one agrees that it is the 
cheapest penmanship 
work in print, by cora- 
paring the extent and 
quality of its plate mat- 
ter with that of any 
other book. In heavy 
paper covers at $1, and 

cloth and gilt at *1.50. Here are some 

fresh comments boiled down: 
J. Hit. 

C. N. Crandle, N. I. Normal School, Dixon, 
HI. : My pupils have received their Ames' 
Books of Flourishes and are lielightcd «-ith 
Ihem. You have certainly made a hit. [This 
was a large order.] 

nould 6ir« $5 for mtmh a Morfc. 

D. D. Darby, Xorthboro, Iowa : Far t eiter 
than I anticipated. Would readily give $5 
for such a work. 

The Crttam of Tftem All. 

R. L. Nutt, High Point. N. C. : Contains 
the finest flourishes I ever saw. 

An Estimable Work. 

C. E. Pai-sous, Worcaster, Mass. : I con- 
sider it an estimable and superior work, and 
as such would cheerfully commend it, with the 
full confidence that it will both please and 
benefit all who are interested in pen art. 


P. W. Costello, City Engineer's Office. 
Scranton, Pa. : T have nothing but good 
w ords for it. TVithout going into detail I cer- 
taudy think that tbe work or any portion of it 
cannot be surpassed. Now that I have seen 
the book I would not be without it for three 




T. T. Wilson, Dixon. III., Bus. University : 
I regard it as far superior in every respect to 
anything that has' ever been published in the 
omamental penmanship line, and it costs 
about one-fourth as much as other such works. 
I am delighted with it, congratulate you, and 
think every penman should have a copy. 

J. H. ElUott, Baltimore City College : The 
excellence of the work is beyond question. Its 
grace and beauty wUl be a lasting joy to pen- 
men. Its extreme cheapness will place it in 
the hands of all. 

Cannot fait To Inaplrr, 

C. E. Chace, Indiana, Pa.. Normal College : 
Delighted with it. Though ite design may be 

not to educate it certainly will inspire all 
lovers of the art who are so fortunate as to 
have it to new efforts in pen skill. I believe I 
can even write better already. You deserve 
the thanks of all penmen for this gold mine of 

A Volume Tfiat Comprfu Admirattnn. 

J. L. Hallstrom, Gustavus Adolphus Col- 
lego, St. Petei-, Minn. : I feel it my duty to 
express my admiration of tbe pretty volume. 
It is certainly one of the best works of its 
kind, and its marvelously low price ought to 
place it in the hands of every one interested in 
the "beautiful art." 

Worth Ihti Mo»t, Co»t the Zeaat. 

G. M. Clm-k, Dunn's, W. Va. : I consider 
it the finest as well as the cheapest penman- 
ship work on the market. 

W. S. Hm-t, Haddenfield. N. J. ; In my 
opinion it is the best and cheapest penmanship 
work ever put on the market, and .ihoidd be in 
the hands of those who have any interest In 


N. L. Hickock, pen artist, Boston: I con- 
sider it a valuable addition to ray hbrary of 
penmanship pubhcations, iu which Ames' 
Compendium takes first place of course. 
Please quolw price in dozen lots. 

Bent in Qualltu, Quantity, rartrtj/. 

C. W. Giffln, Uvalde, Texas: Accept my 
thanks and heartiest congratulations for giv- 
ing to lovers of penmanship Siuch a splendid 
work. It is by far the best of its kind I ever 

saw, not only in quality but quantity aud 
variety of styles shown. 

Itemarkable in Every Parttcular. 

E. L. Burnett, B. & S. Coll.. Providence, 
R. I. : It is a remarkable work in every par- 
ticular. The selection, arrangement and press 
work are superior. I would not be without It 
for five times its cost. 

Xothtny Superfiuoua About It 

F. E. Cook, Stockton. Cal., Bus. Coll.; I am 
much please<l with it. The paper, press work 
and general arrangement is excellent and the 
pen work itaelf camiut be otber than " way 
up" when we look at the title: "America's 
Besft Penmen." American penmen are tbe 
bestaudthe Art Joubnal gets the best work. 
The work is so compact, and with nothing 
aupei-fluous between the lids, making it most 
convenient. I congratulate vou. 

All of 0»« Opinion. 
O, C. Eostmsn, Stoneham, 
Alass, : I am greatly pleased with 
it All my friends who h-ive 
seen it speak of it in the highest 
terms or praise. It is a irn>at 

Coll. of the Holy 

J. P. B..-. - 
Ghort, Pittsburgh 
token much pleasure 

ing through 

It pre 

sciiio a beautiful appearance, and 
the mechanical work is as per- 
fect OS anything t have seen. 
I know thatmany penmen will 
here find a mine of inspiration 
from tbe elaborate and excellent 
desiga^ which you have arranged 
in such convenient shape, 

Penmans Art Journal 

r Fulton St.), Now York. 

Advfrtiaing rates, 30 cents per nonpantl 
line, »2.50 per inch, each iiviertion. Digcounts 
for ijerm and apace. Special estimates fur- 
nished tm application. No advertisements 
taken for less than $2. 

Foreifpi subscriptions {to countries in Pos- 
tal Union) $\.25peryear. 

Premium List on Page 111. 

New York, July, 1800. 

t Pay ; WrltlnB 

Tale of a BualQeM Educator. 

Portraltof E. B. Felton 

TWtj-iwo Lively Cur«. bv ■ , 
BiKli ClBRH Book Illuslratloi. 

O ISta' d'E^^d^M*' '^''IJ! b ^' 




"^ us of con 



of address a 


h In advance | 

If possible. 1 

t Is 



to expect us 




that have not 


ohed t 

he sub- 

scrlber on ac 


ht of 

hls own 



[Juitial hy C. M. Wiener.} 

^T SEEMS tbat the piib- 
ti sons and daugh- 
y ters to educate, 
_,C are themselves being 
"' educated up to the 
point of demanding 
better facilities in 
the public schools 
for the teaching of 
writing. Even the press 
'"-7^.^ is waking up by degrees, 
as the following edi- 
torial, from a recent issue of the New 
York Suu, one of our leading metropoli- 
tuD papers, attests : 

The correspondent who wrote to us the other 
day with regard to the faulty instruction in 
]>enmanship in the pubUe schools touched upon 
u matter of importance. 

The average handwriting of our people is 
bad; woi-se. probably, than that of any other 
nation. It is either crabbed and illegible or of 
a mechanical character, in which all indi- 
viduality is lost; ajidpoor instruction is chiefly 
re8i>ousible for the evil. Instead of improving 
upon nature, our huphaz&rd method perverts 
it, with the result that boys and girls who 
might write well if properly taught go through 
life cursed with a l>ad chirography. How 
could it be otherwise, when their teachers set 
them the example in that respect f 

The run of our school teachers write a poor 
baud, without grace, beauty, or distinction. 
Whenit is legible, it is apt to be vulgar and 

commonplace. It giveq readers of their letters 
an unfavorable conception to their characters, 
education and breeding, and a letter is often 
the first inlroductioQ of an individual, and 
from it the recipieut forms his Qr^ and most 
fixed impression of the quality of the sender. 

Penmanship, therefore, should be a depart- 
ment of instruction in the public schools upon 
which the greatest care is bestowed. It is 
more important there than algebra, geometry 
and three-quarters of the other branches by 
which the Board of Education sets so much 
store. A fii-st rate writing master is more es- 
sential than a great mathematician, and he de- 
serves a higher salary. He is hai-der to get 
than a high flown, new-fangled Professor of 

The EngUsh ore good penmen, as their ordi- 
nary commercial letter shows, and even the 
writing of very many English mechanics is 
clear and dignified. The Irish are even l>6tter 
writers, and the German mercantile hand is 
quite admirable. But with us the nile is the 
other way. Usually the letter is a scrawl, or 
the chirography is of the copybook kind, cheap 
and poor, and mechanical in appearance. 

Yet there is no reason why Americans should 
not be as good writers as other peoples, if they 
were scientifically instructed in youth. An 
accomplishment of great value and of practical 
assistance to successin life, as our cori-espondent 
says, is neglected as somethmg of minor con- 

The writing master is a functionary of the 
school who is of foremost importance. But he 
must know what good haiidwiiting is. 

We have frequently, through the col- 
umns of the JornNAL, called attention 
to the fact that writing receives, accord- 
ing to its importance, less attention than 
any other branch in our public schools, 
that there is really less intelligence and 
earnest effort ou the part of teachers 
and the school boards of the country 
to bring writing up to its proper stand- 
ard of excellence than any other of the 
common school branches. While the 
writer of the article quoted is gravely at 
fault in several of his statements or con- 
clusions, in the main his criticisms are well 
founded. He speaks of the haphazard 
method of teaching writing instead of 
improving upon nature. We are not aware 
that nature teaches writing. We have 
been led to suppose that good copies, good 
methods, good teachers and patient study 
and practice on the part of the pupif are 
the only means throueh which essentially 
good writing can be acquired. 

While it is alleged that writing is taught 
haiphazard, yet the complaint is made that 
writing acquired is so uniform as to be 
devoid of character. The fact that the 
writing of a class of pupils, while learning, 
is uniform would go to show the excel- 
lence of the instruction rather than other- 
wise. It is absolutely necessary in our 
graded schools that writing be taught by a 
thoroughly systematic and uniform meth- 
od, that the same copies and methods of in- 
struction should be used in several grades, in 
order that the work of one grade may 
properly supplement and carry forward that 
Tihich has been begun or performed in the 
previous grades. Otherwise the work of one 
teacher would, instead of tending to ad- 
vance, tend to undo that which had been 
gained in a previous grade. So far as the- 
acquisition of systematic writing in the 
public school tending to destroy the per- 
sonality of the after or adult writing of 
the pupil, it is untrue. Personality in 
writing is something that can neither he 
taught nor hindered. It comes unbidden 
and unconscionsly in after practice from 
different environments, together with dif- 
ferent characteristics, physically and 
mentally, which will inevitably introduce 
changes and specific personalities into 
adult handwritings that will make their 
identity absolutely as certain as will be the 
writers by their physiognomy and their 
personal traits. There need be no greater 
apprehension that there will ever be any 
two persons on the face of the earth who 
«ill write hands so identically the same 
as to be un distinguishable than that there 
will be two persons possessing the same 
physiognomy and personal traits of char- 

We agree with the writer that there 
should be a first-class teacher of writing 
at the head of the writing dcpart- 
ent in every city of importance. As 
to the alleged inferiority of the writing 
of Americans as compared with that of 
other nationalities, we do not think that 
the assertion is well grounded. 

We are impressed, however, with the 
belief that the general introduction of 
shorthand and typewriting has caused 
longhand to deteriorate somewhat in qual- 
ity, and that it will probably do so to a 
still greater degree. A few years ago every 
important house of business, as well as 
authors and others employing amanuenses, 
refjuircd a good rapid longhand, which is 
now very largely supplied by shorthand 
aud typewriting, hence there is inevitably 
much less importance attached to the 
value of good handwriting for correspon- 
dence and other purposes now than in 
years before the stenographer and type- 
writer came into such general use, 

iVhcn J.<lvertlaing Doenn't J'aj/. 

'* Will it pay me to advertise my work 
in Thb Jouhkal V 

We don't know ; how should we ? It 
depends on you and your work. We have 
the people to buy provided you offer them 
sufficient inducements and gain their con- 
fidence. If you ran't do that, don't waste 
your money in advertising. 

Many people, rational on other subjects, 
appear to be very much befogged with re- 
spect of the science of advertising. If 
they spend one dollar for that purpose, and 
do not immediately get two in return, they 
think there is n screw loose somewhere. 
No publication cares to deal with such 
people, but all have to do so at times. 
They are, of course, the poorest kind of 
advertisers and very rarely get back half 
of the money they put into it. The suc- 
cessful advertiser first finds out his own 
capabilities. It is his business to know 
what he can do and what others in the 
same line can do. If his competitors can 
outstrip him, he must offer some induce- 
ment that will at least make up the differ- 
ence. Then he must know his field- 
where to find the people who are to be his 
patrons, and when he has found them, he 
must know how to impress them with the 
advantages of dealing with him. 

A mistake ridiculously 
experienced advertisers is to 
inducements. An intelligent public will 
not believe that you are losing money for the 
privilege of serving them. It is a common 
and natural proceeding to make an ex'ra 
effort to attract new customers in the hope 
of makuig them jjermanent patrons, but 
don't try to make people believe that 
philanthropic principles are actuating 
you. Such an attempt presupposes a de- 
gree of idiocy either in you or those whose 
custom you seek, and invests the affair 
with an atmosphere of humbuggery that 
handicaps the advertiser from the start. 

" Why is it that Blank gets good returns 
from his advertisements and I do not, 
though my work is as good ?" 

The question has been asked over and 
over again. Well, one reason is that 
Blank has been advertising for a long time 
steadily and the public have got to kpow 
him very well. His name is suggested by 
the mention of his business, and it would 
be a queer state of affairs if such knowl- 
edge on the part of the public and the 
confidence it begets did not operate to 
Blank's credit. Reputation is just so much 
capital, from a commercial point of view. 

There is only one way to successfully 
advertise a business, and that is, keep at it 
until one's name is associated in the minds 
of the public with that business. Spas- 
modic advertising very rarely pays. Peo- 
ple want to know who they are dealing 
with, especially in a mail business, where 
there is no opportunity of seeing the goods 
before purchasing. Hammer your name 
into your business so that it will he a part 
of it, like a name blown in a bottle No 

one can buy the bottle without getting the 
naine. Then, if there be good in the 
business, and in you, the reward will curac. 

Writing Section programme at the tt. L'. 
A. Vonventlon. 

Chairman S. C, Williams, of the Pen 
manship Section of.the B, E, A., has been 
very active during the past several weeks 
arranging the details of the forthcomioj,' 
meeting. The subjoined list of topics for 
discussion, with programme as revised to 
date, shows that the committee proposes 
to treat this branch thoroughly as it ik- 

Thursday, July 24.-9 to H.JiO— How best to 
secure movement and proper position of hand 
in writing. Subject opened hy C. Bayless,. 
Dubuque, Iowa. 

9.30 to 10~Oymnastic movement exercises— 
to what extent valuable i Paper followed by 

Friday.— 9 to 9.30— How is the instruction 
the writing classes best supplemented: 

i».3U to 10 — Musculai' movement as appliadlto' 
-) writing -r- - '-- 

, Cedar Rapids. lo' 

college writing f G. W. Bro __, 
Jacksonville, UI. 

9.30 to 10 — Fine pens ; coarse pens — wbicU 
should be used in leai'uuig to write i A. J. 
Taylor, Kochester. N. Y. 

blackboard copies — relative value in teacb- 
H. C. Spencer, Washington, D. C. 

teachmg vFriting '. Churl 
R. Wells, Syracuse, N. Y. 
" "" - 10— What ore the greatest indire 

0. The teacher's power t 
and to stimulate effort^wherein does it- he ? 

Each paper will be followed by a gen- 
eral discussion. It is not too late for sug- 
gestions as to other topics to be treated, 
and the chairman would be glad to hear 
from those interested. He may be ad- 
dressed in care of Williams & Rogers, 
Rochester, N. Y. We (piote encouraging 
words from his letter of June 18, enclosing 
the above programme ; ~\ 

The incinsoil |.ri';.'i;iiii i.> '[^ in-'urly complete 

far signified tli.-ir iMliiNt;ri.^s 
indicated by tUe program, a 

B pemnanship departi 

B who have thought they could 

Now LET US have the Possibilitit 
Business College work. They are 
great. Mrs. Spencer has the floor. 

About Pen Sptclmena. 

ALLY a paper like The JouBiiAL 
I large number of pen Bpecimens, 
most of them sent for review and not a 
few with the request that they be eoffraved 
and published. Naturally again not one- 
tenth of the latter ever reach the en^aver. 
some of them because they are not worth 
it, others because we have an overflow of 
like matter, and others because of poor 
judptaent in selection of the sobject. 

Since penmanship papers have been 
the practice has prevailed oi sending in 
specimens, interlaced with such legends as 
"Success to the Penman's Art Jouhnai.,'" 
" The Joubnal stands at the Head," &c. 

that represent no value at nil, ami sbuU yo 
slow in the future about adding to that 
collection. Model letters and other script 
specimens are more desirable if impersonal 
in character. When a painter finishes a 
picture or an illustrator completes his 
drawing, or the engraver cuts it on wood, 
it is usual to put in the name or initials 
delicately and unoblrusively. This is 
called the " signature," and is never made 
a part of the design. In many pen sp«ci- 
mcus that we receive the name of the de- 
signer is the biggest part of the design. 

The National Educational Associa- 
tion will be in session at St. Paul for three 

Wc will suppose he is a penman amide- 
sires to teach that branch only. He will 
find it more difficult to get employment 
than if he were able to lend a hand at the 
commercial branches and possibly assist in 
the Englia^ department. Only those 
schools that have a very large attendance, 
as a rule, employ a man to teach nothing 
but writing, or nothing but bookkeeping. 
The small or medium size school needs a 
man who can give instruction in pretty 
much the whole course. 

There are some young men — bright 
ones, too — who are teaching on a salary of 
$60 a month. This is very little, but these 
young men are looking to the future. 

Writing as Taught by Our Business Colleges. 

the first year or two, but if he is after 
that, it is usually safe to assume that the 
fault is his own. 

Ql/l/Vcy, ILL. 

'-''''^^'^£---'-£^y^^.----7'--^''^^ ,-'^^'-2-*/^ ..-■'Z^ 

Frtrm the Oem City Business College, Quincy. III. 

Mussetman, /Vinoi>a/. 
Graduates in Busirtess. 

Topi f I 


Such sentiments, extremely gratilying 
though they may be to the pnde of the 
editor, do not enhance the art value of the 
specimen, and give it the flavor of a cer- 
tificate of character which is not desirable 
in that connection. Many a beautiful 
specimen has been pigeon-holed for no 

Let the specimen show for what it is 
without attempting to serve any ulterioi 
purpose. There is an abundance of good 
mottoes that will supply all needed letter- 
ing without giving it a 
Such designs if well made may 
to some account, and there is soi 
ment to engrave them. We ha 
ihree thousand dollars' worth of plates 

days, beginning July 8. It i 

that any one who attends the 

hear anything that would cause him to 

suspect that penmanship is considered of 

3ny importance in our public schools. The 

N. E. A. are quite above that sort of 


'• A TorsG MAN who has just graduated 
from a business college and wishes to make 
teaching a profession " requests us to ad- 
vise him as to what he should charge for 
his services. The answei depends upon 
two things — what the young man who has 
just graduated is worth ; what he can get. 

They are really educating themselves in 
the business of teaching, and they are 
bright enough to know that when they 
have acquired the ideas that come from 
experience and make a teacher really valu- 
able they will be able to get more money 
for their services. 

The first consideration for an ambitious 
young teacher just starting should be to 
make an engagement if possible where good 
work would open avenues of advance- 
ment. There are not so many strictly first 
class men in the profession that the intel- 
ligent, progressive, ambitious beginner 
does not have a fair show of making 
known his worth and compianding the 
just price of it. He may be underpaid for 

JtuaineMi Kdu<!ator». 
The meddlesome young party who cost 
the apple inscribed "to the fairest," 
among a trio of fair Olympians on a 
memorable occasion, some time past, got 
plenty of excitement and no doubt cou- 
siderable fun out of the incident. People 
nowadays do not particularly care to emu- 
late his example, and least of all The 
JomiNAL. This may be the reason why 
conventions of people with common inter- 
ests, or more precisely speaking, people 
interested in like things, usually confine 
their deliberations to subjects that are not 
likely to provoke antagonism. 

This is not always the case. It was not 
the case at the last meeting of the Business 
Educators. It may not be at the coming 
meeting. Acrimonious discussion, especi- 
ally if it involve personalities, is certainly 
to be avoided ; but sharp, brisk discussion, 
keen analysis, skillful thrust and parry, 
give zest to the proceedings and add im- 
measurably to the good of the meeting as 
well as to the fun. 

We are far from finding fault with the 
work of the B. E. A. Executive Commit- 
tee. It seems to us that they have never 
done their work more thoroughly than this 
year, and the programme they offer is a 
good one. Here, however, are some sug- 
gestions for subjects to be discussed, a lit- 
tle out of the order, perhaps, but never- 
theless possessing some elements of inter- 
est, amusement and possibly of good : 

1. The character of the advertising that 
a business school should make use of In 
circular and catalogue and through the 
press. To what extent a school is war- 
ranted in representing iL<ielf to be dis- 
tinctly superior to all other schools, &c. 

2. The granting of diplomas ; whether 
the diploma is justly considered the pupil's 
property bought and paid for with his 
tuition and as testimony of the fact that 
he has attended the school. Or does it 
mean that he has learned anything, and if 
so, how much ? Would a school principal 
issue a diploma to any student whose 
qualifications would fail to procure him 
emnloyraent from the principal himself, 
provided be desired help in that line. 

3. The range of names that it is advis- 
able for a school of business to employ as 
in any accurate degree indicating their 
actual functions. 

4. "Prof." Whether the title goes with 
the diploma as a sort of coupon attach- 
ment good for those who make teaching a 
business, or whether it indicates a higher 
grade of fitness for the discbarge of such 
duties. If the latter, whether this superi- 
ority is determined by special tests and 
whether it would be possible for the B. 
E. A. to provide a board with powers 
to bestow the title upon satisfactory 
evidence of fitness and thus put a real 
value upon it. Finally, whether a busi- 
ness teacher considers himself honored or 
otherwise when this title is applied to 

These simple suggestions may serve to 
fill in the inevitable holes of the regular 
programme caused by the absence of par- 
ties who were expected to be present. We 
commend them to the committee and to 
the Educators in general. 

J,m the Penman and Ui* Ltttte Book. 


educators of the Marble stripe (and of 
others who ought to know better) who 
follow the gift and knack idea in penman- 
ship, we produce in this number the 
effusion of ''Jim the Penman," or "Pen- 
manship in Five ICnacks," illustrated by 
32 lively cuts. There are others besides 
penmanship teachers, we fancy, who 

get ! 


fun from the i 
permission to deciphei 
report to us. 

, COURSE of our business 
we have had occasion to advise several 
people to apply to D. C. Taylor, Oakland, 
Cal., for employment. This was done 
upon a misapprehension of facts relating 
to the man. Having no accurate list of 
those to whom the advice was given we 
take this public and emphatic method of 
withdrawing it. 

y<srinrvP£SMA>'s vT?! / aki- jouknai7 

Bro. Packard 


On the evening of Friday. June 27. a 
broDTie bust of Mr. S. S. Packard was 
presented to the Packard College, of this 
city, by the alumni of that institution. 
The bust was made by J. Q. A. Ward, 
the eminent sculptor. The unveiling 
ceremonies ond prescQt«tion occiu-ied at 
the assembly room of the college, which 
was crowded with the friends of Mr. 
Packard, including a number of the most 
distinguished citizens of New York. Dr. 
C'hauncey M. Ucpew was to have made the 
presentation address, but was prevented 
from 90 doing by an illness more serious 
than might be inferred from his humorous 
message of regret : 
Profkssou S. S. Paokabd: 

My Dear Frofesnor.—l have counted it one 
of the pleasure and privUeKes of a lifetime to 
he present at the unveiling of the bust of your- 
self. While not an alumnus of youi- institu- 
tion, I wanted to show the alumoi bow deeply 
your friends appreciate this mark of afTection 
and esteem on their part toward a man who 
has done so much for the cause of education in 
this couutry, but from a wholly unexpected 
and insurmountable obstacle I cannot be 
present. Napoleon selected his marshals from 
the visible sign of their noses, and said that 
their achievements afterwards justified their 
selection in every instance. My uasal organ 
has admirably served all the purposes for 
which it was created during my life, but I 
yielded to the solicitation of a f rieud the day I 
went to Chicago to have it operated upon, to 
give me a Patti voice. The result was that 
the wound became infiamed and I had a very 
serious attack of illness in Chicago. The 
operation had to be repeated yesterday and 
has left me in a condition which is tempo- 
rarily, but acutely a curious combination of 
amputatum and hay fever, under which the 
medical men absolutely prohibit my going out 
or talking. 

Nothing short of the knife and saw of the 
surgeon would have kept me from this cele- 
bration . 

Knowing that you will live in the grateful 
memory of yoiu* alumni and the friends of 
education as long as this marble endures, and 
trusting that the other half of your life, still 
unfluished, may lie full of health and happi- 
ness, I n 

Though the absence of the great orator 
was, of course, disappointing, it gave Mr. 
H. H. Bownuin, chairman of the Committee 
of Arrangements, an opportunity for a burst 
of eloquence that "our own Chauncey '' 
would not have been ashamed of. Here are 
some of the things he said: 

The ideas which have been the ruling ideas 
of Mr. Packard's life work are three. There 
are others, practical ones, which necessarily 
apnng from these, but these three are the pri- 

First, that the daughters and sisters of men 
who may become the wives and mothers of 
men are not imperiled, are not misplaced, when 
they are acquiring in the same institution, side 
by side with men in the same classes, au edu- 
cational equipment for lives of usefulness and 
indei»ndence, or when they are, by their own 
efforts, maintaining themselves side by side 
with men in doing the world's work. We do 
not claim for Mr. Packard that it came fU'st to 
him, but we do claim that he is the first promi- 
nent educator in this city who made prac- 
tical application of that idea, and Ilrmly flxed 
it as a part of the plan and scope of his school 
work; and in doing it who can tell how much 
he has done for the cause of independence, of 
iu(lei>eudeut. self-nfipecting activity of women f 
They owe him one and all a debt. 

His secoud idea has been that uothing was 
too good for his " boys and girls." 

And third, and last, is his idea of the devel- 
opment of the individual, the idea so often ex- 
pressed by him as the idea of individual in- 
struction, the development of the individual 
through a study of the individual tempera- 
ments and mental coustitutioo, and of the spe- 
cial needs of the individual atudeut, and of the 
best special methods to apply to cases whei-ein 
the best results could not be bad from the or- 
dinary and usual routine of class work. 

Many young men have thus been awakened 
and quickened mentally and spiritually under 
the influence worked in this institution, and 
upon leaving it have been encouraged to pur- 
sue higher courses of study, and ultimately 
have mad© for themselves honorable caj-eers 
«, lawyers, doctors, and have filled 
ious coramei-ciai positions of sustained 
which would have been impoeelble to 

them but for this iulluenoe which found them, 
which discovered them to themselves, which 
put them in possession of themselves. 

In a moment, when this curtain shall have 
been withdi'awn. you will see a work wrought 
with high artistic sense and skill by a mind of 
well-nigh matchless cuuniug and power; and 
you will see that the artist has maAe it neither 
pretty nor beautiful, because Ood didn't make 
the original so. He did better; he niade the 
original grand. [Applause.] 

To the music of the " Star Spangled 
Banner" the bust was unveiled, and every- 
body present tried to outdo everybody 
else applauding. 

Hev. Dr. Wm. Lloyd. Gen. Wager 
Swayne, Mr. Morris 8, Wise, of the 
alumni, Mr. Byron Horton, of the faculty, 
and others spoke during the evening. One 
good point made by Mr. Wise was that 
the Alumioi Association had eutered into 
bonds for Mr. Packard's future blameless 
life. He alluded to the time when it was 

the Alumni Awoiiation announced to me its 
fell purpose, and asked me to meet this 
truthful m£m, this second Washington, 
who camiot tell a lie in clay and bronze, I 
knew that my goose was cooked and that 
I should go down to posterity with all my 
sins of ugliness upon me- I didn't care any- 
thing about it ou my own account, but I felt 
very bad for the family. [L-iughter.] So I 
sent my wife to the artist, and she besought 
him in those specious argumeuts that a woman 
can wield so well to cover up a few of the 
wrinkles, to grade down a few of the hills and 
level up the volleys*, thus remodeling the topo 
graphy, so to speak. He said, with that grace- 
ful suavity which characterizes him that he 
would do anything to please a lady but here 
he was quite helpl&ss. His work was before 
bim, and he must do it. He said that he sym 
pathized with her deeply. [Laughter ] He 
could see her point without a microscope but 
if she really wanted a pretty bust, she must 
either get some other man to sit for it or some 
other artist to do it. But after all, I have a 
sincei"e interest in that bust, and feel tailed 

seriously proposed to erect a monumeut to 
Tweed, and showed the risk of discount- 
ing a man's unfinished career. In the 
case of Mr. Packard, he said, " the boys " 
were perfectly willing to take the chances. 
Of course the big audience insisted on hear- 
ing Irom Mr. Packard, and he never spoke 
more felicitously in his life. This is what 
he said : 

This is the first time I bave ever heard of a 
corpse talking at its own funeral. Now, what 
do you expect the corpse to say J I cau say this ; 
that the persons who made this programme 
left me out on pm'pose. What that purpose 
may be 1 do not know, and shall not inquire. 
It is generally undei-stood to be the correct 
thing not to ordera man's bust until he isdead, 
or in a fair way to be. Now it seems to me 
the Alumni Association have either not un- 
derstood this or wise they have made a mis- 
calculation. At all events, 1 am not dead, 
as you see ; and, more than this, I have 
made a solemn pledge not to die until Mr. 
Depew is elected President, [Applause.] 

1 am glad the bust is uncovered at last, and 
that you know the worst of it. I was exceed- 
ingly gratified that so few of you left the loom. 
[Laughter,] WhUe the matter was in sus- 
pense, I was very nervous, not that I feared 

I your verdict as to the fidelity of the artist, but 
that I doubted whether you could stand two 

j of us at the same time. [I^aughter.] When 

upon to stand up for it against all comers. In 
fact, as the artist knows, i have s/ood up for 
it, from the beginning. 1 have seeu it grow, 
inch by inch, from the smallest pinch of clay 
to its present fair proportions : and I have en- 
couraged the artist as best I could. I have as- 
sured him that when his Indian Hunter, and 
Shakespeare, and Washington, and Gai'fleld, 
and Thomas, and Greeley, and Beecher are 
forgotten, he can go on this bust and stUl live. 
But I have not been deceived by this demon- 
stration, nor by the kindly references that have 
been made to me. 

When these gentlemen have seen fit to speak 
of me i)ersonally, I have not thought of my- 
self ; it hasn't occurred to me that I was the 
person spoken about. Some of you bave seen 
that I applauded those personal allusions ; and 
it was simply that I have been so much in the 
habit of hearing the word "Packard" used, 
not to indicate an individu'U but an institu- 
tion, an idea in which I am interested. It has 
come to represent something which is very 
dear to me, and it is a pleasmg fact that the 
speakers, in recognizing the work that is done 
to-night, have recognized the idea. If you go 
out of this room, you young men particularly, 
impressed with the fact that a man may follow 
a chosen life, and it may gain him his living 
and give him occupation and at the same time 
enable him to do some good to others, I shall 
be moi-e than happy, wbatevor becomes of the 
bust. [Applause.] 

. Hromatko, writing from Cedar Rapids, 
expresses the opinion that " writing 
imes' Beat Pen is like rolling off a log; 
tLi easy as the other." Aye, verily! 

Tale of a Business Educator 

lZ>mM'«/(.rTHEJoiRNALby .4. ('. M> 

nunq Piol Htjh •IlIihis Ais ^tuldln Ad 
•htssat tht Biisintss Lducatoi^ Lomen 
(ton It iH a great fffo) t and lie looKt fu) 
\uiTd with some tmpatitnce to the official 
proceedings containing it 

To L. A. B. 

You write like an intelligent person, but 
an intelligent person ought to know that 
no paper would reflect on a man's/ char- 
acter on tbestrength of a complaint by an 
anonymous correspondent. If the man 
you speak of has been swindling people 
he ought to be exposed, but how do we 
know that the charge you bring is true ? 
If you are ashamed or afraid to put your 
name to it, do you think we could afford 
to father such a charge on such evidence ! 
Other anonymous correspondents may 
read this to advantage. 

(or plating wil li 
(lays I cleaii'i 



have been pleoti- 
ful lately, with 
the usual amount 
nf bright Sowers, 
J regretful vaJedic- 
'. tories, fluttering 
libboiis, parting 
tears and sroiliug 
promises of re- 
union. A little 
■ army of young 

has been a<Med to the ranks of the breadwin- 
ners—soldiers in the battle of life— and may 
they all be successful! For the schools of 
business (including writing and shorthand) the 
year has been a good one and the outlook is 
more gratifying than ever. 

— E. C Thompson, superintendent of writ' 
ing. Saginaw, MIcb., is an enthusiastic teacher 
who labors to impart his spirit to about four 
score subordinates. Bis order of exercises, the 
" Penmanship Day," is iutei-spersed with many 
bright little bits that make it quite interesting. 

— The Prickettr College of Commerce, Phila- 
delphia, has a very spacious home in the mag- 
nificent Uirard Building, comer Broad and 
Chestnut streets. The college is in its thirty- 
third year, and more prosperous than ever. 

— B. A. Pryor, Chestnut, Va., is an enthusi- 
astic young pemntm and master of a very de- 
sirable style 

—President F, P. Preuitt is justly proud of 
his pair of flourishing schools of business; one 
at Foit Worth, the other Dallas, Texas.- 

— The sixth annual session of the San Mar- 
cos., Texas., Chautauqua Assembly opened on 
June 2fi, and will last a mouth. Principal M. C. 
McGee, of the Prairie City Bus. Coll., Kyle, 
Texas. . has charge of the school of business. 
The penmanship instructor is G. R. Stouffer— a 
good one. 

— P. B. Gibson, a skillful writer, goes from 
Stuart, Va., to take charge of the pemnanship 
department of the High School, Littleton, 
N. C. His new work begins August 35. 

—The Metioplitau Bus. Coll., Chicago, 
moved into its luagnificeDt new home on June 
7, The building was thrown open for inspec- 
tion and a throng of admiring visitors was on 
hand. A pictm'e of this new building was re- 
cently printed in The Journal. 

—Joseph Stotlei- and Wdbur M. Hayes are 
the successors of E. L, McUravy in the pro- 
prietorship of the Lawrence, Kan., Bus. Coll. 
They have a large school, with a well equipped 
shorthand department. Graham's system is 

—Chaste and el^ant is the announcement of 
the 4Uth annual commencement of the Notre 
Dame, Ind., University. 

— A. E. Pai-sons has been reelected superiu- 
toudent of writing in the pubhc S'jbools of 
Creston, Iowa, He is a tine penman and sin en- 
thusiastic teacher. 

— Mi-s. H. C. Clark, wife of the president of 
the Erie, Pa., Bus. ColL, gave her husband a 
surprise party on the occasion of his birthday a 
short time since. The members of the faculty 
and othei-s participated. On b.jhalt of the 
guests Ml-. Clark was presented with a hand- 
some silver cigar cose, the presentatioa nonore 
f alimg to Professor Drake. 

—The commencement exercises of the Jei-sey 
City Bus. College were held ou June l^. Di- 
plomas were awarded to about -U) graduates. 
Addiesses were made by Kev, J. E. Price, 
Ph.D., and F. McUee, A large crowd was 
pi-esent and Principal Drake was the recipient 
of hcaj-ty congratuhitions. 

— The Helena, Mont., Independent is uu- 
siinted in its commendation of the Helena Bu^. 
Coll. H. T. Eugelborn is in cHirge, assisted 
by £j. U. Baumaun, with W, E. Wttlder at the 
head of the shorthand department. He uses 
the Peruiu system. The school is prospering. 

—Principal E. C A. Becker, o( Becker's 
Bus. College, Vv orceater, Mass , recently re- 
turned fi-om a Western vacation. His pupils 
and teachers surprised him with an intormal 
reception, and prejeut4<d him with a hanisome 
antique oak patent rocker. The gift was 
giawl'ully presented by M. C. Whitney, 

—The Stnithdeal Bus. College, Richmond, 
Va. , is mov iiig up. Recently the Old Dominion 
Bus, CoUege, t!stabli>hed ii years ago, was 
bought and united with the Smithdeol. More 
recently a shorthand college was bought and 
uiiiied. The attendance is larger thou ever 
bi-fore, and the principal informs us that there 
have been threw times as miny appbcatioos 
fur stenography as could be supplied. 

-Small dangei- of the profession dying o^^ 
TuE JofR.\AL bus pleasure in announcing 
two promising pairs. Mr. S. K. Bnrdin and 
Miaa L<ittie M. Rankin were married at the 
bride's home at Belleville, OnL, on June 23. 

Principal E. E. ChiM>, of Childs' Bu^. r..ll.-^-, 
Holyoke, Maes., and Miss Eva M. Oliver, of 
the same city, were united in wedlock at the 
residence of the bride's parents on June 3. We 
ofTer coDgratulations. 

— Messrs. Winans and Johnson hive dis- 
posed of their intjre-it in the Frceport, III., 
College of Commerce, and now conflne their 
attention to the Rockford Rusines College. 
J. J. Nagle. M.E.. is principal of the Free- 
port school, and Nagle and Matter, both good 

— E, C. Hamilton, the successful principal 
of the Maple Rapids, Mich., public schools, 
will transfer his services in the same capacity 
to the Ashley, Mich., schools, beginning with 
the new school year. 

—Principal G. A. Transue, of the Pottsville, 
Pa., Business CoUege, will soon move into 
spacious quartsrs, which are being prepared to 
meet the demands of bis growing school. Mr. 
Transue recently suffered a bereavement in 
the death of his infant sod. 

— Twenty-one Spencerians from the Cleve- 
land College, marshalled by Capt. F. L. Dyke, 
came into The Journal camp this month. 
It is a poor month when Brother Bachten- 
kircher, of the Princeton, Ind., Normal Uni- 
vei-sity, doesn't send in a dozen or two, and 
the past month has been no exception. It is 

till' imted Philadelphia e«litor, nddressed the 

— Fi-om the Twin Curtiss Com. Colleges, 
St. Paid and Minneapolis, we have a hand- 
some prospectus, which makes up in "meaf 
what is lacking in " gingerbread," 

—Editor Arthur G. Matter, Freeport, 111., 
College of Commerce, favors us with a copy of 
the Normal Journat, the new exponent of 
that school. 

— We have received a copy of the Arkansaw 
Trnveff.r with a full page frontispiece portrait 
of H. B. Bryant, president of Bryant's Bus. 
Coll. , Chicago. A large space is devoted to a 
sketch of Mr. Bryant and the big school which 
be directs. 

— Since our notice in The Journal that a 
business college was wanted in Ogdeu, Utah, 
some one seems to have risen to the emergency. 
We see such an institution advertised, but the 
name of the projector is not given . This is a 
poor way to advertise anything, and above all 
a business college, as it is likely to give the 
public an impression unfavorable to the sta- 
bility of the enterprise. 

—The Little Rock, Ark, Com. Coll,, is 
highly praised by the press of that city. 

— The Journal desires to make its ac- 
L uowledgments to the subjoined, besides those 
elsewbei'e mentioned, for substantial clubs re- 

The Yachting Season. 

Mr Daniel T. Ames. 

I hope j'ou wiB accept the drawing inserted i 
it cost me many hours of work, not so much i 
dianing it as in selecting a suitable idea. It 

wholly original, made by the undersigned who is 
fifteen yeai-s old. This is my first year's subscrip- 
tion and I am much pleased with the Pen- 
man's Art Jocrnal. both iu reading and illus- 
tration ; and am also glad to see you _= 
trying to encom-age the younger ele- ~'_^- -=« 
ment, and I hope to be able to con- -^s— — 
tribute to your interesting imper ^,^^ ^^ 
a great many times. —irr^ '^^- 
Yours respectfully , 
D. Raymond Dal\ 

reported that Mr. B. has a good thing in 
sight, and we don't doubt it. 

-Those pushing young men, Kinsley mid 
Stephens, Shenandoah, Iowa, keep us busy 
talking about them. We didn't expect to say 
anything this month, but how is a paper to 
help it when they keep sending things that are 
so well worth talking about ; This time it is a 
sample book of their writing papei-s, and we 
woidd hardly be doing the fair thing by our 
business college patrons if we didn't advise 
them to write for a copy. Ye who have 
printing to be done and stationery to buy, 
take our advice and let this firm figure on it. 

— The Jochnal recently had thp pleasure' 
of a call from J. G. Bohmer. the genial and 
accomplished penman of JoneV Business Col- 
lege, St. Louis. He reports brisk limes in the 
Mound City. Jones' College, according to its 
advertising card, was founded in the year 
1»1I by Prof. Jonathan Jones. The present 
year, therefore, is its golden jubilee year. By 
the way, which is really the oldest business 
college i The claim has been advanced in 
favor of at least half a dozen schools, among 
them Bartlett's, of Cincinnati; the Spencer- 
ian, Cleveland, and Comer's, Boston. 

— We record ivith plea.'ture the fact that the 
colored Y. M. C. A., of Richmond. Va., have 
progressed to the point of issuing a well edited 
journal. It is called Voung ,tfm'.t Friend. 

—The junior class of the Western Reserve 
Normal College, Wadsworth, Ohio, publishes a 
paper in which the advantages of that school 
are generously set forth. 

— On Junel2 Goldey's Com, Coll.. SVilming- 
ton, Del., held its annual commencement. 
From a handsome card of announcement we 
learn that ex-Secretary of State Bayard pre- 
sided on that occastOD, and Col. A. R. McClure, 

ceived during the past month. This is the dull 
season for subscriptions, and that fact makes 
us appreciate all the more the efforts of those 
friends whose acts tell the story of their good 
wishes: J. A. Willis, Little Rock lArk.) Com. 
Coll.; S. R. Webster. Moore's Bus. Uni., 
Atlanta; C. E. Chase, Indiana (Pa.) Nonnal 
Coll.; G. M. Smithdeal, Sniithdeal's Bus. Coll.. 
Richmond, Va. 

— The prospectus of Shaw's Bus. Coll., Port- 
land. Maine, very creditably represents a first- 
classschooL The JoDRNALmakesitseicknowl- 
edgments for courtesies. 

— The long list of graduates from Preuett's 
Fort Worth. Texas, Bus. Coll., on June 3(i, 
speakes eloquently for the pl*osperity of that 
institution. A handsome invitation was 

— E. L, Wiley, for the pa-st year with the 
Capital Bus. Coll., Salem, Ore., and his 
brother, J. A. Wiley, a teacher of twelve 
years' standing, have purchased the Mountain 
City Bus. Coll., Chattanooga. Tenn., and ex- 
I>ect to make a great school of it. J. W. 
Agey, one of the former proprietors, will re- 
main in the faculty. This combination ought 
to succeed. 

— .T . E. Gustus, for the past year at Poek- 
ard's, formerly at LimLsborg, Kan., has 
accepted the principalship of the Augu-stana 
Bus. Coll., Rock Island, ID., and sees a great 
future for the school. 

— One of the best known men in the pro- 
fession is genial, accomplished J. B. Duryea. 
for a long time connected with the Iowa Bus. 
Coll., Des Moines. He has accepted the 
priucipalsbip of the Commercial and Penman- 
ship Departments of the Highland Park Nor- 
mal CoUege. a new school at the same point, 
which wiU open September 2, O. H. 

Ijongwell is at the head of the new institution. 
and If it live anywhere ueoi- up tti its proH- 
pectus it wiU be one of the Wt eiiuipiKxl 
schools anywhere. 

-Principal W. C . Buckman, of the Alamo 
City Bus CoU., San Antonio, Texas, has a 
penmanship pair for the coming year that ore 
good enough to go any distance and in any 
company— E. M. Barber mid B. F. William*. 

— J. H, Bachtenkircher leaves the Prince- 
ton, Ind.. Normal School to accept the princi- 
paUhip of the Union bus. «.:oll., I,a Fayetto, 
Ind. He has plenty of talent and industry 
and will succeed. C. M. Robinson, for many 
yeai-s principal of thi-i schiml. transfers his 
superintendence to tne TriState Bus. Coll.. 


OPYINC] is one thing, ci-e- 
ating quite another. No 
student of art can exjwct to leani 
without copying designs by master 
no more than he can expect to 
succeed in the best sense without 
exhibiting creative talent; in 
other words, without originality. 
J. H. Westcott.Morrisville.N.Y., 
sends the Scrupbook some 
initials that are particu- 
larly well done for a be- 
ginner and show a com- 
mendable degree of originality. One of his 
fli-st attempts begins this paragi-nph. and wo 
may present others later. Mr. Westcott is a 
haniworking farmer, with little leisure for 
peuwork. To D. R. Daly, a New York City 
lad, we pay our respects elsewhere. 

■A. M. Wright, of the Albion. HI.. Normal 

that is 

s ..upi'l.' B.r 
brace of g 
le specimens 
Iowa, and T, 


ment exercises of 
ider-wob flourish 
ivo a number of 

of the \ 
pupil ot 
mits a 

J. B- 
and C, 


ai-e f ror 
M A Up 

W. J. Young, a 

1, Cal,. Bus. Coll. 
Dixon, III , sub- 
ones, and other 
n F. Broghammer, 

n, Portland, Ore. 

(. hi-hl- \v,- have 

■ 1 iiiiidsome 
- Mass.. 
I, >,-p....tiveIy. 

Excellent a 

teur are from S. D. Holt, Feeding HUls. Moss, 
Specunecs in finished professional style are 
from J. A. Williss, LittfcRock, Ark. 

— F. R. Weir. Lacon. 111., sitid,-; us a fancy 
drawing of a leaf ; 1' il Mr il.. m -tiiud-by. 


1 bona with dil 

cr. Col., bandies 
a pen at the age of sixteen as though be had 
sjient aUfetimeat It. Excellent script speci- 
mens liHve tweii received from him, with fancy 

George Cox, UtUivvu. Ill : .1, ,\llred Scott', 
PhQadelphia; B. J. Ferguson, Concord Church, 

—During the post month we have received 
specimens of pupils' work from a number of 
schools. There is not thi- Iriist doubt that our 

.1,1,..! ....^luot of 

pemnaii-ship in tli' i i 

' ,„i,„yor 

rising generation I'l v.. i i 
advance of the rest ut th.- % 

,,. .'.n, i„. .1, tor 


a number ofsneci- 
'iwer Rriules of the 

Adrian. Mich.. pul.lK.' ^.-ho, 

n.n.k by 


M ■ s.'hnell. 

,\|| (!!.■ -1 lii.'ji. Ji !■ 

ll.l 1 < . Iiil.lrenof 

their age. 

— T. C. Strickland, penmou of the Eant 

A ijriz© oifered for 

B CSl.h. Ill' -: - 

iitirly every sijeci 

3'l?e'm''"/-n/.l.-M.:, ,1,' 

,<;■ would Mcrmit 
m: MumleMcGet- 

i. P. C. Keiini-ily 

well anil A. T. Wilkinson. 

— If tbe specimens sent in 

by Principal E. L. 
Ill litv-rius. (toll. 


— NowntiMs,' 1"-H. . .1 .[ ■-■! I ■ ■•■ry day 

letters from J. F I i' " ' i i^'ls Uni- 
versity. Clevelaud I I ' ' ■,. II joined 
and shHdeles5. it i i ; > i ' <■■< * ■n.->inea8 "' 

throughout, Mr. Fisli's JHll>lKl^■•.■lltly.submit- 
led some of their work. No better specimens 
have been received. There isn't one business 
man in twenty who can equal tbe work of tbe 

[Jim (fir Pen man— Continued from Page OIK 

The Fifth and last Knack is performed with tht; arm a i 
ing a whip, stirring a puddiug or molasses candy, aod is oi 
old-fashioned fire-tongs by taking hold of one leg ; or a 
barn-flail in the hands of a greenhorn. 

But patienw, perseverance, " careful practico and 
not too much work," will some day enable ym to acquii-e 
the useful but Five Jointed Knack of PeuinHnshii), if tn 
the foregoing Uymnastics you odd the iW different i;har- 
acters and their l,3«l,734,28«,887,2.'j:»,9!)9,-126,128,4i):i,402,- 
200 alphabetical combinations, as demonstrated by cal- 
culation of M. Prestet, the French geometrician. 

Yet this art is but " a mere knack without any edu- 
cational significance" aave "presumption of brains," 
pen, ink, and paper, "careful practice and not too 
much work." 


" Gimme a pen 1" tho tyro cried, 
With tragic gesture, pale, wild-eyed ; 

" Gimme a pen and you shall see 
Old Daddy Spencer downed by me." 
Gimme a pen ! this rolling sphere 
Shall silent stand, and wait to hear 
,^ The mighty thought that seeketb birth, 
And swells abnormally my gii'th. 

Gimme a pen, and quick, some ink 1 
With which to trace this wondrous think ; 
This grand original idee. 
Which somehow has got into me, 

Gimme me a [wn, some ink and pajier ! 
This inspiration soon may taper, 

s emblazoned high shall be, 
o awaiteth me — 

following: Fi-ank Mailing, Thomas Gilroy. 

1 these specimens. 

No. 3 East Fourteenth 9 

will devote their best eflVu i- i. ih. . nit n ;iiiiiii 
of the American field. Im;,.;,! f.rii;,ii, ,,v i> 
well known, the Isaac I' -\ ^tin. has 
almost a monopoly, b<>iiiL; ji <i<<i..i i.\ lau, 
butthough there are mum i M.-ltitit uiifi'i 
and teachers of the system in this country, the 
field ha« not been looked after as carefully as 
it doubtless vnU be henceforth. 
Isaac Pitman lb callfd "the father of phoni 


s issued ill 1837 and 
' has been industriously 
and enriching iiwitba 
lire that is a splendid 
ai"i indusbyanda great 

' the sysl 

■ nks ii ■ 



i-KNIBAN and Commercial Teacher of laree 
i- exiicrience and established reputation is 
pen for ensaeeinent with a refutable business 
r literary collcBC or public schools, preferably 
1 a W estcm «'t*'j can satisfy every reasonable 
idress BOX Wl," care The 



»a[>"; " "I to the i-(uhtpartu 

wljl p '■; : .-i-worker. Acidress 

A^^!:•;"^', "; • '•',;,.';:?'; ",'?'J^??.^r 

helms had a 111..,..,, , , ,, umIIu.mJ 

diplomas Irom tu. . , i,,\;,.i. Ad- 

POSI'llON \(.4M|-.D u-^ ic.nhiT in a 
fli-8t.fhissIUjsine^-('«L'. Have hud .... 
fSpenence of ten years as u teacher an 
pert accountant. Salary not tli 
Address P. O. Box 337. Sprln^fleld. Oh 

inship. with a thorough knowledije o 
lul braui-hes. Seven vears' exponence 
jferenue. Address " U. C, ' Box 3, can 

IEBS wa.nted. 

The JoiTRK 

1 $19U(i. 


A N TBD.~Onc of the leading Business Col- 
le^fes. located within SUO miles of New 
kClty, desirt " " " ' 

! the s 

8 of G 

experienced and successful commercial t 
oue capable of taklntr full charge of a bool 
keeping department and teach oommercial ia%t 
salary liberal and In accordance with merit : n 
amateur* uftd apply; comm\tnicationis amflaei 
llnl ; applicants will state experience, age, mai 
ried or slnirle. references and salary expectct 
The .Iournal. tt-l 

WANTED.— A thorough bu?incs.a educator 
to take charge of a Ounmess College at 
Day City, Mich.; must be a nret-cla« penmun, 
a good teacherof arithmetic and book-keeping: 
9060 per annum for the right man: none but 
men of experience nL'ed apply- Address K. H. 
BL ISS. Saginaw, Mich 

WANTED.— In a leading college an assist- 
ant teacher of business penmanship, 
arlthrat:tic and book-keeping; young man, un- 
married, preferred; state age, oualincattons in 

3 much and is willing to leurn. 

oprietor of 

floUU. inrge business colleges desli 
? services of a commercial teacher fully com- 
petent to take the prlncipalshlp of the book- 
keeping department. To the right party a 
sidary of 3160(1 will be paid. Address givingfull 
particulars. "POSITION OF IMPOHTAncE," 
care Thb Journal. 0-tf 

pKACHKBWANTED.-A teacher of book 

keeping, arithmetic and business practice, 
"ke charge of the business practice depurt- 
. in a Business College; upplicants should 
eunder35 years; have had someexiwrience, 
flrst-oloss men in every particular; a 

and l>e flrst-oloss i 


2 right party, Ad- 


CHEAP.~A business College and Short- 
hand School, situated in the largest and i 

:ity in the West, will be sold cheap ; 
college in tlrst-cluss condition and good attend- 

" 'sthe proprietor Is Interested 

Address " B. C." care The 

College, in one of the Atlautic cities, with 

: a bargain for the 
poor health. 


g. poor 
e The Ji 

college, located i 

70B SALE. -An i 

branches; a good opportunity for a good n 

"A. B. C.,"Thk Joui 

F'OB SALE.— A prosperous, well-equipied 
Business College and Normal Tiniiniug 
School of established reputation, located at the 
capital of a great Northwestern State : it has 
the field f i-ee irom any competing school for 50 
miles around; it will pay any teacher with a 
small capital to investigate this unequaled op- 
portunity; ill health compels sale. Address 
'' NO RISK." care The Jouhwal. 

A Ne^A<' Work on Book- 


of PrcHi 

uly 3, 1S90. 

Written by PnoF. S. H. r.ooDYEAn, expressly 
or use in Business Colleges and '"commercial 
ichnols. Send postal card for terms of oi-der- 


Cedar Rapids, - - IOWA. 


Family Record for 7c. 

-hat dealt honestly and fairly \ 
Address H. C. CARVER, 

Box 16«, Red Oak. Iowa. 

OBLiaUE HOLDERS — Patented, im- 
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Address 25 Vlckroy St., PIltMbunrh, Pa. 

Automatic Lessons 


Alphabets, each 

.-ilnkPowde s 

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no YOr TEAC 





Goldman's Advanced System for 
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almost instantai 

no Additional Book-, iiu < hansc of 
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Addi-ess for particulars and references, 

HEKRV GOLDnAN, Author and Publisher 

Rooms 61& 63. 147 La Salle St.. Chicago, III. 



Not arranged iu sets, and covers the 
entire subject of book -keeping. 

An Aid to Business College Stndents. 

Highly CDtlor^ed h\ teachers and prae- 
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Piicc, 50 cents ; with Key, |;1.00. 
J. C. KANE. 
B. & B. Business College, Baltimore, Md. 


Explained and 

Common Use : 

ords Pronounced Alike 
Spelled Diflerently: Mis- 

15S pages. Boai^s, 
35 cents. Sample Copy sent on receipt of 25 cents. 
Will refund price of sample if Itook Is 
adopted or returned. Table of Contents, Sam- 


1 about shorthand r If i 

know what other office people : 
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content with your p „.. 

send ao cents to the ACCOUNTANT CO., De> Moinei. 
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rpi-esent knowledge? If not 

reaper Warehouse, 

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for heavy writing, K gro. , 4.5c. Soennecken's 
broad points, for rapid text, six sizes, per set, 
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India, for lettering and drawing, SI. 00, 50c 
and :i=»c. per stick. Japan, for flourishing and 
writing, by express, charges not paid, one pint, 
48c. Blue, Yellow. White, Vermillion or Gold, 
in small bottles, postpaid by mail, 30c. These 
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with India Ink in «U-awing and lettering. 

C A-IM>SlniJP A;i*ER.. 

Blank Cai-ds. white, 2x3]^ in., 15c., 20e., 
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Black, same size. 22c. per 100, and $2.00 per 
llWO. Writing paper, wove letter heads, wide 
niUng, 3 lbs., $1.25. Best linen, $1.65 for 3 lbs. 
Unruled for same price. Drawing paper, 16 x 
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per quire. 70c. Tracing, 11 x U in,, per doi., 
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o„ H. W. KIBBE, Utica, N. Y. 



Thi'w Inks iiic i>iil iii» in wide-mouthed < 
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six bottles, assorted culors, by express 

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2 Broadway, New York, 

Pine Printing 

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Especially for Commercial Schools and Penmen 


We have had years of experience (and years of trouble too) in getting 
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Commercial Blanks of all kinds, Circulars. Letter Heads. Envelopes. 
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State what you want and send loc. to pay postage, etc , on samples. 

Correspondence with Colleges Penmen and all desiring Printing, Blank 
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year's supplies 


Printers, Publishers and Stationers, 




'Y'/ns lA tlieo:reatficluc/l(Bus/rmsJFaM- 
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Execute! all Kinds o( Ornamental Pen-Work 

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12-12 A. E. DEWHURST, UtIca, N. Y. 


the most plwiwmt, piiutlcal ninl nrofltahU- part 
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e and begin the work. 

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O. N". OR.A.ISrDIjH! 

Mr. Emerick has received much praise for the 
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!>Bwego. N, T. l-Vi 


Some books are so well written and prove so valuable to their 
owners that thieves steal their contents, and by misarrangemcnt 
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the originals. 

Graham's fland-Book of Standard Phonography 

has been pirated from, to a greater extent, probably, than any 
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Because it is the best te.\t-book on the subject ever published, as 
is jjroved by the fact that it rendered obsolete all phonographic 
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What evidence is there that it is a .st.^ndaru work '! 

It has been published 31 years without change because none 
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These are facts which can be proved. 

Send for a free copy of All Auout Piionoc.k.m'hy, the 
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744 Broadway, New York. 

Author and Publisher, 


Is the best Type Writer. 

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Shorthand taught by mail and personally. 

We have 300 |)iipil3 by mail. Sltuatluna procured 
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Best Work on Shorthand Ever Written. 

[':te shorthand inANCAL,* 


FOB SlilLF-Al 

The author of this work is Prof. Alfred Day, a shorthand 
reporter of 25 years' experience, author of "Aid to Graham," 
" Shorthand Copy-Book," &c., President of the Cleveland Sten- 
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of Shorthand. 

It does not pretend to be a new system. It presents Graham's 
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the objections that have been made to that system by reason of 
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The results obtained by this work are unequaled in the history 
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The book, beautifully printed and bound in cloth, will be sent 
by mail post-paid to any address on receipt of the price, $1.50. 



THK IH'RROWS BROTHERS CO., Publishers, ,.„ 
2.i to 2-j Euclid .-\vi:ml, - Clevi-l.^mj, Ohio. 

d girb t.au9bt short-banil 

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Forty. Pages of Reading Matter 


We hive, printed in good shape, and reailv 
to use in classes, the following reading lessons 
1 . The 'Hrl Amanuensis. 
a. The Eng iah Tongue, 
3 Fare in a Horse-Car. (Illustrated.) 

4. Return of the Birds. 
I>. Daniel Webster s Speech at Albanr. 

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5. S. PACKARD, Publisher, 

101 East 23d street, - New York. 


practical verbatim repoiti 
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FRANK HAHRISOX, Stenographer, 
5-tr 7;n Broad St., Newai-k, N. J. 






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~¥rom Flteaauie Blattci: W. SWIFT. Apulia. N. Y. 

COLLEGE. Richmon<I, Va.u>r«u,fi 

In the very front rank of the com- 
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the Capiral City Commercial College 
and the Capital City School of Short- 
hand, of Des Moines, Iowa. Young 
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"12 J. M. Mehan, Proprietor. 

Northero Illinois College of Pen Art, 

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ewHi'ing,''p^cnmanship and Engirt"- Latp 

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writing U, wl':h Instructiona ; or send me a 2 cent 
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hand, price list descriptive of Lessons by Mad, Ex- 
tended Movements, Traolng Exerches, Capitals, 
Curds. FlnurlshlTx- ptr>. AMr-M 

A. E. PARSONS, Creston. Iowa. 
P. s.— No postal cards need apply. 3-12 

cd within 30 days I will 


in i-upid biisini-ss pcumiiiiship luay be had of 
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THE JOURNAL Penman's and Artist Supply 
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The O ld Favorites Still in the Lead. 

Sadler's Counting House 

More extensively used : 
leges than any other simil 

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Sadler's Commercial Arith- 

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Correspond en ce invited and orders so- 
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N08. 10 & 12 N. Charles St., Baltimore, Mil. 


Hundreds of books and useful articles are offered as special ])reraiums to those 
who send clubs at the full price of $1.00 for each subscription with *regular premium. 
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Dickons* Complete Worfas in fifteen votunes (5200 pages, size 6 x 7^) 
mailed free for one m-ii^ subscription ($1.00) and 75 cents extra— $1.75 in all. In case 
of renewal. $3.00. Sir Walter Scott's Peerless Wavcrly Novels, complete in 
twelve volumes, will be sent instead of Dickens' if desired. 

Ancjthtr set of Dickens, complete in twelve volumes, size 8J- x 12, mailed free for 
one iifir subscription and 35 cents additional — $1.35. In case of renewal, $1.50. 

Cooiier's Fiiiuoiis Leather-Stocking: Tales infive volumes of about 500 
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pen and ink copy, all handsome and showy pictures for framing. Instead of one of these 
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That^M Slo 

■ . J ^v 


JtlHT PUBI.I(«nEl>. 



A Complete Series of Commercial Text Books 

First Lessons in Bookkeeping, 
Introductive Bookkeeping, 
Bookkeeping, _ _ _ _ _ _ 

Complete Bookkeeping, _ _ _ _ 

Commercial Arithmetic, - _ _ _ 
Commercial Law, - - - - _ 

Practical Grammar and Correspondenc&, 
Civil Government, - - _ _ 

Seventy Lessons in Spelling, - - - 

$ .75 

Sample copies of any of tbe 'books will be mailed, postpaid, to teachers for examinutiou, 
"ew to introduction at one-half the above prices. 

It is desired that all who are interested in teaching the subject of 
bookkeeping shall know that tlie Williams & Rog'ers Bookkeeping 
Feries has undergone a complete revision during the past two years. It is 
liclieved that the new matter will be found so practical, so el 'arly ex- 
plained, so completely illustrated and so fully abreast of the times, that 
teachers will be delighted with it. The initiatory portion of the book 
was used last year by a few leading schools, and the work proved in the 
highest degree satisfactory. It is confidently believed that the advanced 
portion will more tlian confirm the favorable impression produced 
by the first part. 

It has been determined to issue the old edition also for the coming 
year, in the same form as heretofore, for the acommodation of those who 
may for any reason desire to continue its use. 

A valuable addition has been made to the Civil Government in 
ihc form of a unique table, showing the difference in the Governmental 
arrangements in the various States, which adapts the book most perfectly 
to the requirements of schools in all parts of the country. 

The Practical Grammar and Correspondence has also re- 

ceived some improving touches, which it is believed will be ap 

The Commercial Law is now in use in a large majority of schools 
in which the subject is taught, and recent correspondence indicates that 
its introduction will be considerably increased at the opening of the next 
school season. 

The Commercial Arithmetic is making new friends every month 
It has been pronounced over and over " the best book on the subject 
in print." 

Seventy Lessons in Spelling is a great seller because merybody 
wants it. It is particularly adapted to the higher grades of all schools, 
public and private. 

Specimen pages of the books, and also our Catalogue for 1890 and '91 
containing full particulars regarding our publications, together with in- 
troduction, wholesale and retail prices of the text-books and testimonials 
regarding them, as well as prices of the commercial supplies which we 
have in stock, will be mailed to the address of any teacher or school 
officer upon application. 

WILLIAMS & ROGERS, Educational Publishers, Rochester, N. Y. 


postal note, ( 

ibstantial ease and gen 
1 Ave., BaltiTT 

Important to Writers, Business Teachers, and those 
Running Business Colleges. 

There will be issueil from ihc Priming Press one o( the grandest ivorks ever produced on 




You are not asked lo buy unless you are satisfied that the book is worth ten times 
the price, ^^.SO. Improve yourself and gain pointers. Secure this work. Send 


We prefer doubt to half confidence, and feel justified in making the following 
unprecedented offer: On receipt of the book, if not entirely satisfied, return to us 
within ten days and back goes your money, less the trifling transit expense. Can- 
didly, now ! is it possible to offer fairer — to show our earnestness in the work more 
than pleasing you. In other words, it costs simply the transit expense to see, exam- 
ine and be satisfied. Let us hear from you with the chorus — 

Happy, Happy be we Business Teachers 7-12 

When Practical "Self-Instruction" reach us. 



money by placing the same with us. Honest work 

at moderate r 

copy lines am 

building?, etc. In written copies makt /i«ir fines 

r\iAiT black, the shades are always good for repro- 

■lui'tion. CorrespODdenee cordially invited. Send 





V scliool in America 

Tlie best uggre 

•rlcan mind has 
Ireii and eitrhty 
Reapeotfully, J 


TON, December 20. 1889, 

, this work from its reference 

that every private Individual will 

purchase of other litei 

S. Commisstoner of Education. 

library, if he has t' 
respectfully, " 

II pur- 
a for a time 

T, Harris. 

the ..5 
eitrhty ye»ra_of its 

and the c< 


Ii excellent judgment. 



CXAS. L. WEBSTER A. CO., Publishers, 3 East 14th St., N. Y. 


. PACKARb. 101 E. 2M St., New Toi 

PACKARD, 101 B. 23d St., New 1 


Published Monthly 
: 202 Broadway, N. Y., for $1 per Ye, 


Entered at the Post Office of New York, 
N. Y , as Second-Class Mail Matter. 
Copyright, 1890. by O.T, AMES. 


Vol. XIV.— No. 

John Calvin Miller. 
Editor OF The Journal: 

The subject of thw sketch. .lohn Calvin 
Miller, whose portrait is herewith given, 
aud a specimeD of whose work appears in 
this number of The Jocrnai-^ was boru 
and reared among the pictnrestine hills and 
mountains of Perry County, Pa. He at- 
tended the public schools until he attained 
his majority ; continued, his studies at the 
Academy located at New Bloonifield, Pa., 
and then taught public school two terms. 
Wishing at tliis time to establish himse'.f 
in some permanent occupation he contem- 
plated a preparation for the practice of 
medicine, for which he has even yet a 
special fondness, but his parents, perceiv- 
ing that he had considerable talent for both 
the Fine and Mechanical Arts, wished him 
to take up as his lifework one of the more 
useful of the fine arts. His lalent for the 
fine arts comes to him through his ancestry 
on his mother^s side, evidence of which 
talent the readers of The Journal have 
had repeatedly. His relativf. Prof. H. W. 
Plickinger, the renowned penman and 
author of Barnes' System of Penmanship, 
also inherits his talent for fine art from the 
same* illustrious ancestry. Mr. Miller's 
talent for the mechanical arts descends to 
him from his father's family. His skill in 
this direction is manifested by many curi 
ous and useful specimens of his handiwork 
in wood, metal and fabric. 

In compliance with the wish of his 
parents young Miller took vip penmanship 
and pursued a course of instruction m 
practical writing under the tuition of that 
veteran and accomolished penman Alex- 
ander ('owley, then a teacher in the Iron 
City Bu.siness College. Pittsburgh. He 
supplrineotcd this course with one in book- 
keeping at the business college at Lan- 
caster, Pa., paying his tuition by teaching 
praoticat penmanship in that institution, 
ill which he afterwards became a regular 
teacher — this promotion being a deserved 
ciimpliment to his talent and his success 
a& a teacher. 

Possessed of indomitable energy and a 
firm determination to succeed in life by 
his own efforts, he, with the help of works 
of art and various periodicals — with the 
Penman's Art Journal as a leader— pro- 
ceeded to acquire a knowledge of orna- 
mental penmanship and Drawing without 
the aid of oral instruction, and that he hns 
succeeded in this is evidenci^ by the fact 
that those of his craft who are in a position 
to judge rank him with the most accom- 
plished artistic penmen and succcssftil 
teachers of the art. 

Mr. Miller is quive well versed in archi- 
tecture, and has gained a reputation for 
bis original designs for memorial stained 
glass windows. Through the instruction 
of an excellent artist he has recently 
added crayon and India ink portrait 
drawing and water color painting to bis 
numerous accomplishments. At two ex- 
hibitions of the Pennsylvania State Fair 
his work has carried off the first prize. I 
have htard many say that they have never 
seen anything to equal his work. 

Mr. Miller is a "combined movement" 
writer, and his seventeen years in the har- 
ness have conncccd him that this movc- 
ineut excels all oliiers both for general 
and special use in practical penmanship. 
He is of a creative turn of mind, and is 
the iuveutor of several valuable devices. 
Among those useful to the penman's craft 
are a parallel ruler and a shifting scale 

pleted with further improvements. His 
mechanical genius has evoked much mer- 
ited praise from those familiar with his 
talent in this direction. 

From a long continued and close ac- 
quaintance with Mr. Miller, I am in a po- 
sition to appreciate the many desirable 
qualities of heart and mind, of which he 
is the possessor, and to speak truthfully 

reader will infer that he is a bachelor, and 
those interested in his age will have very 
little difficulty in counting it up after hav- 
ing read this short sketch. 

For the past two years Mr. Miller has 
been teaching in the National Business 
College, now located in that rapidly 
growing city, Roanoke. Va. His short 
summer vacations are usually spent on his 
father's farm, near Ickesburg, Perry 
County, Pa., wherfl he is now recuperating. 

John Calvin Milter. 

and conscientiously of them. His will 
power is great, and by properly disciplin- 
ing it he has made it subservient to his 
highest good and to the best interests of 
the profession which he adorns. He takes 
a lively interest in the every day affairs of 
life, and is the happy possessor of a large 
fund of general knowledge, obtained from 
careful reading, close observation and per- 
sonalinvestigation which is useful to himself 
and of great interest and value to all those 
who are so fortunate as to enjoy the pleas- 
ure of his acquaintance. His social nature 
has been well cultivated, and he is fluent 
in speech, polite and affable in manner 
and of pleasant address. The many agree- 
able social qualities with which he is 
blessed secure to him the highest esteem 
and closest friendship of those with whom 
he meets. His many friends consider him 
a valuable acquisition to their social circle 
and hail his coming with much delight. 
He has made the beautiful art of penman- 
ship bis "better half," and clings to it 
with lover-like fidelity; from this the 

Daily exercise on his Star bicycle, at 
which sport he is expert, tends to 
keep his muscles and nerves in excellent 
trim for the proper execution of his life 

It has often been said that Perry County 
is noted for her hoop poles and great 
men, and all who know Mr. Miller will 
unhesitatingly and cheerfully accord him 
a place in the ranks of those whose deeds 
entitle them to the esteem and admiration 
of the masses. He is a son who has done 
us honor, and we are justly proud of 

And now, in conclusion, I want to say 
that I have kept back until the last the 
very best thing that can be said of any 
man, and it is that Mr. Miller is a Chris- 
tian, an earnest and conscientious worker 
in the Master's Vineyard, 

D. W. Kerr. 

SavilU, Perry County, Pa. 

A strikiop specimen of Mr. Miller's 
pears on page 115.— En. 

ork ar>- 

Western Penmen's Certificate. 

At the last meeting of the Western Pen- 
men's Association, held at Dcs Moines, it 
was decided to issue a certificate of mem- 
bership, to be ready for use at the Peoria 
mieting in 181)0. A committee, consisting 
of C. N. Cnindle. C. C. Ciirtins and J. B. 
Duryea, was appointed to have the design 
engrossed and engraved. It is the desire 
of the association to have the best work 
obtainable from the profession, and the 
following is the plan decided upon by the 

Every penman is invited to design and 
execute a certificate, complying with the 
following requirements: 

Penwork to be of such size that it will 
reduce to a plate 14 by 20 inches; work 
to be lengthwise on fine bristol board 33 
by 28, work must be in hUiek india ink. 

All designs must be sent to C. N. Cran- 
dle, Dixon, III., by October li5, 1800. 
The committee will then decide upon the 
merits of the work and select the best de- 
sign for reproduction. 

All designs submitted are to be the 
property of the Western Penmen's Asso- 
ciation and exhibited at its meetings, the 
aitist in. each case having due credit. The 
following is the wording to he used : 

: We 

Penmen's Association, 

(Organized I>W(l.) 
Ill teaching we learn. 

In KivinK we recoivt-. 
This tertifies that was oloctied 

to meuibei-ship in this Ansoeiatiou at ibt 
annual meeting, held at an 

having complied with all the roquiiemeni 
of said A&<ociation, as laid down iu i< 
Constitution and By-Laws, in entitled t 
all the rights, privileges and honors coi 
ftiicd upon members in good and regular 

Gnenat this day of m 

Treasurer. President. Secretary. 

Leave plenty of space where names and 
dates are to be written. In packing de- 
signs to send use all possible care to pre- 
vent breaking. If you have any questions 
to Dsk write, inclosing stamp, to 

C. N. Ckandle. 

Dieon, in. ^^^^ 

A New Copying Paper. 
A chemical copying paper has been pre- 
sented in England, and is meeting with 
much favor. The fibers of this paper, 
during it.s manufacture, are impregnated 
with a solution that prepares it for use 
in taking copies of any document, new 
or old. without regard to the kind of 
ink used. The process of copying is pre- 
cisely similar to that now in use, it being 
only necessary to dampen the paper with 
water. Numerous advantages are claimed 
for this chemical copying paper; it is stout 
and thick, and therefore much easier to 
handle and use than copying paper of the 
ordinary tissue-like description, and natur- 
ally more durable. Copies taken on this 
paper will not lose their color with the 
lapse of time, hm the chemical properties 
iucorjKiratcd into its substance tend to 
strengthen the ink, and this is the case 
lioth with the copy and the original. Its 
appearance is that of a tough, white and 
cloBe-grained paper, hut not greatly differ- 
ent from ordinary copying paper. — The 


Lessons in Business Writing 



Good position, body, erect, and paper 
wfli in front; practice the capital A a ftw 
times as piven in lesson No 2 Now com 
bmc the -I's as in accompaaying copy see 
that joii close them at the top and don t 
get the letters too close together make 
the hand slide so that about 85 good Ut 
ters will be made per minute 

In the second line retain the form of tht 
plain capital // until you get to the fourth 
letter, then notice the change of flni-^h 
For a few minutes you had better just 
practice the // part, joining three then 
change to the K exercise and work at it 
until you have it under control then com 
bine the two. 

The D exercise is very practical for 
movement practice, as the letter is not 
modified. Be careful about spacing and 
slaut; don't make loop at base line too 

Give the exercise plenty of practice; 
curve the downward stroke, which will 
make the letter naturally close at the top, 
Lirt-hj morn>,a.t, phme. 

The copies in cut following will give 
you good practice on the first ten capitals, 
as used in beginning words. Where the 
last stroke of the capital does not form the 
first part of the small letter, notice how 
close the two are together. Compare your 
work with the copy. Learn to find your 
faults, and then avoid them. The good 
qualities will always take care of them- 
selves. Practice the figures quickly, and 
several minutes each day. They require 
the best movement to be found, as the pen 
must go in every conceivable direction in 
producing them. Read last copy, think 
about it, talk it over with your associates, 
and then go to work with the determina- 
tion to become a fine penman. No careless 
practice in this game if you want to win. 
Olmcree freedom o/' morn-mcut, and Htntlij 
thf form" end fir r/itrrful. 

lludfuiE, $1.00; 4'lulli 

been the subject of many 
a complimentary letter 
addressed to the Editor 
during the past month. 
Our space thi^ issue 
does not permit our going into this sub- 
ject deeply. We shall print some of the 
opinions next month. 

On the whole we have never known a 
penmanship volume that has been wel- 
comed so heartily. We have room now 
for just this one opinion. It is from P. T. 
Benton, penman of the Iowa City, Iowa, 
Bus. College, and is no heartier in its 
approval than those we have received 
from a hundred other penmen of repu- 
tation : 
Fbienu Ames : 

The Book of Flourishes came duly to hand 
and to say that I am pleased with it does 
half express it. The designing, eugravingf 
press work, binding, all are "great." If oiw 

realize it. Styleb in penwork change, as do 
fashions b^nerallv The present generation 
demands an intermiiing of the ornamental 
that would ajipal the old time penman, and be 
quite be> ond his resources. The best of the 
masters of fifty and even twenty-five years 

dtvitb of his wif.-. which <)ccurred at their home 

— An atrocious libel on our friend Warren 
H. T^anison, in the form of an alleged likeness, 
is perpetrated by the Erening Post, of Bridge- 
port, Conn. The paper makes it up, though, in 
n column of laudatory nonpariel, relating to 
Mr. Lamson's distinguished career as an edu- 
cator in that enterprising city. 

— With the school year just closed, C. N. 
Faulk terminates bis connection with the 
Northwestern Bus. Coll., Sioux City, Iowa. 
His old pupils gracefully attested their friend- 
ship recently by a reception, resolutions find a 
gold-headed umbrella. Mr, and Mrs, Faulk 
are traveling in the far West. 

—Principal E. A. Hall, of Hall's Bus. Coll.. 
Logansport, Ind,, is enjoying the Ihie breezes 
that blow in from Lake Michigan at St. Joseph, 
where he and bis family are established for the 
summer in a cottage, 

—Prof. C. C. Cochran, of Biyant's, Chicago, 
is winning a reputation and unlimited space in 
the Chicago papers by his skill in disoeming 
character from handwriting, 

—Stephenson's Bus. Coll.,WiIliamsport, Pa., 
has just issued a handsomely illustrated college 
' journal. 

Crandle's Copies for August. 

-^^±d^ ^t^'^ 



■ / 

'- i z^'-^L^i^i^ 




. old . 

admires the beautiful 
art should posst-ss a 
copy o( the Book of 


P. T. Benton. 

Have you road P, B. 8. Peters' advertise- 
ment twice ( It takes that uiany readings to 
get Into one's head that mosey will go as far as 
he states it. But It will, for we know him to 
be reliable. 

ago would And it impossible to make a living 
to-day without changing their methods. 

—The Curry Univei-sity, Pittsburgh, has 
just closed a most successful year. The man- 
ager informs us that the total enrollment of 
students reached the unprecedented figure 
of 1006. At the beginning o f President 
Williamsl,j»«iiagement eleven y^ 
atlflflflance was just six students, 
-^— L. M. Kelchner, late of Caton's CoUege.\ 
Cleveland, has become associated iu the man- 
ogement of the Zanerian Art College, Colum- 
bus, Ohio. He is a capable penman and teacher 
11 add strength to the school. 1 
Zanor for an excellent 
,(id faculty. 

-—If . iudlL'itl', 
thing, C. S. Peny will 
of his Winfleld. Kan., 
sends out a particularly 

— "Nothing succeeds like 
and if a long roll of students be 
of prosperity. Principal MeCunn, of the Green 
Bay, Wis., Bus. Cull., must be harvesting the 
shekels. His catalogue is laviahly garnished 
with the pen productions of Penman Fahmey. 

— We receive few better printed college 
papers than that which comes from G. W. 
Miner's Canton, 111., Commercial College. 

-The many friends of Prof. A. W. Smith. 
Meadviile, Fa., will be pained to team of the 

—The Keystone Bus. Coll., Lancaster, Pa,. 
according to President H. O. Bemhart, has 
excellent prospects for the coming year. Its 
catalogue is neat and business Uke. 

— W, C. Rnmsdell has engaged to take 
charge of the commercial depai'tment of 
Goldey's Com. Coll., Wilmington, Del., the 
coming school year. Mr. Ramsdell is an 
earnest, energetic young man and a comijetent 
instructor. His last work was in the commer- 
cial department of the Attica. Ind., High 
^School. He is one of the very many placefl in 
iood positions this year through the medium 
'of The Jocrnal. It took less than two weeks 

—A handsome college journal gayly be- 
decked in blue comes from the Emporia, Kan., 
Bus. Coll., C. E. D. Parker, proprietor. An- 
other earnest, pushing young man, and we 
shall he much surprised if he doesn't succeed in 
the b&st sense. 

— In the current issue of Musselman's Gem 
City Bus. Coll. Journal a whole page is de- 
voted to a half-tone engraving of pupils and 
faculty. It takes a big space to give all the 
boys a show, even though the figures are very 
small. No question of the prosjwrity of this 

— F. J, Toland, business author and teacher, 
surpasses himself in the souvenir of his Ottawa, 
HI., Bus. Univarsity. It is a superb brochure, 
luxurious as to paper, printing and the en- 

gravings with which it isUbiTallyeralwIlished. 
It is something to l>6 proud of, and doubtletw 
Toland, Lowe. Davis and the other bright men 
and women who help to make this school are 

— J. M. Ressler leaves the faculty of tlii> 
Upper Peninsula Bus. Coll.. Marquette, Wiili,, 
to have superintendence of F. H. Bliss' Bii\ 
City, Mich., Bus. Coll. He wanted a plan- , 
Mr. Bliss wanted a teacher ; both applied Ui 
The Journal and the busineas was practically 

—J. O. Wise has been re-elected for his third 
year as special teacher of penmanship iu the 
public schools of Akron, Ohio. 

— D. G. Boleyn has become principal of the 
commercial department of the Shorthand and 
Commercial College, Maryville. Mo. 

— G. B. Kosteubader, Lancaster, Pa., sends 
?10 worth of subscriptions in a letter of irre- 
proachable chirography from a business point 
of view. 

—Good taste, orderly arrangement, good 
grammar and good sense, are conspicuous 
characteristics of the catalogue just issued by 
the Greely, Col., Bus, Coll. After reading it, 
one doesn't have to know Principal D. W. 
Elliott personally to be assured that be knows 
his business and is making a succeiss of it. 

—Our hungry editorial sheeirs attacked a copy 
of the Quincy, III., Journal of July 3, and ate 
a bole in it. This is what had been in the hole: 
" A party of seven of the best lookmg, as well 
as the finest penmen of the Normal pen de- 
partment of the business college, together with 
their able instructor, Prof. Fielding Schofleld, 
quietly wended their way to Scott's art gal- 
lery last evening, and had their pictures taken 
in a group. Taken as a whole they are a jolly 
set. They are an honor to the ' Gem City ' and 
a credit to the worthy professor, who, by his 
noble struggles, magnanimous exertions and 
unselfish sacrifices is so splendidly equipping 
them for their perilous journey over the 
rugged hills of life— who, standing for inde- 
pendence, for courage, and, above all, for 
absolute integrity, has won, held and yet shall 
hold their love, their admiration and their 

— Here is another beautiful school catalogue — 
from the Goldey, Wilmington, Del., Commer- 
cial College. It is as good in matter as in 

— A delicately engraved card announced the 
sixth annual graduating exercises of the Capi- . 
tal City College, Des Moines, on June 2.'}. 
Diplomas were awarded to a large graduating 
class. Music, speeches, collation, general 

— No daintier, more tasteful school invita- 
tion has reached us thisseasoa than that which 
announces the commencement exercises of the 
Western Normal College, Shenandoah, lown. 
held July aO-24 inclusive. The printing and 
mechanical execution are as good as we can 
get here in New York. Kinsley & Stephens 
are responsible for it. The graduating closses 
are very large, and a number of States are 

—P. B, S. Peters and C. W. Varnum have 
purchased the Denver Bus. Coll. from O. S. 
Miller. E. C. Mills, the young pen prodigy, 
remaiiLs us a teacher. Here's prosperity to 
you all. 

—The Spenceriuu Bus. Coll., Washington, 
has added Isaac Pitman's phonography to its 

—A. M. Wagner, of the Central Normal Col- 
lege. Danville, Ind., sends a club, obtained 
from his enthusiastic pupils. 

The Last HoU-Omlt, 

Editor op- T-he Journ,\l: ~ 

S. C^orshman. a penman and stenogr^iher 
by, profession, died at; Nashville, Tenu., qn 
June 32. He was employed by the TennV 
Coal, Iron & R,K. Co. as stenogi-apher and\ 
secretary, was entrusted with i*esponsibilit 
imufiually heavy for one so young, and w 
looked upon as one destined to accwraplish 
much iu this world's achievements. 

The winter having been cared for by his ^ 
hands for many weeks when sick and from 
home, can vouch for the genuineness of bJB 
friendship and the warmth of his affectiq^ 
and in his death his parents, sister and brojj] 
huve lost a dutiful and loving son autlju'other, 

his eiT)plQ£ersa faithful empli 
ity in general a type-e*-iii 

Waleritrouf luk. 

To make waterproof writing ink, a 
which will not blur if the wiiting is « 
to rain: Dissolve two ounces shellac in one 
pint of alcohol (ntaety-five per cent.), filter 
through chalk and mix with best lampblack.— 
American Analyst. 


i'hoto-Enyraved /rvm Copy by J. C. Miller. Penman Trimmer's Nat. Bvs. Coltege, Roanoke, Va. Siee of Original, Ut a- ^. 


'ENMANS Art Journal 

Adocrtinina rairs, 30 cniU jjpr imt]Mtnl 
■-If fiHOm'rinch.eachiiuirrtum. Discounts 
r 'tmn and fjKue. Special estimates /i 

takm for lens than $1. 
Subscription : One w 

cents. No fret snmpU- ^ 

nyents who are subscribers, to 
taking subscriptions. 

Foreign subscriptions {to count 
inl Union) t\.'^pfryear. 

York, Ananbt, 1890. 


uitive during thi> past luoutli 
tbau usual in submitting de- 
signs. This is easily explained 
l)y the veication scasou and the 
state of the thermometer. The 
initial beginning this imragraph 
is from an original by J. H. 
Westcott, Morrisville, N. Y., 
whose work was noticed in our 
July issue. We have Fome other 

creditable little designs by him which will be 

presented in due time. 
—The best ornamental specimen received 


flourishing and — 

Broghamuier. Rverly 


combines the 


Its author Ls F. 

„,^,„„ ,,^. the Stuart Normal School 

Stuart. Va., also contrilnites 
sketch of good quality. 

al School, 

Business Educators at Chat- 

CnATAt-QiiA, July 3fl.— The twelfth an- 
nual couvcnlion of the Business Educators' 
Awociiitionof Amcrirn closed today, after 
II lively and profitable session of a week. 
JIany new faces were noticed among the 
00 members in attendance. These new 
officers were elected for the ensuing yejir: 
President, L. A. Gray; Vire- Presidents, 
Enos Spencer. Mrs. Packard, J. M. 
Mehan; tieeretary, W. E. McCord; 
Chairman Executive Committee, H. T. 
The convention voted to meet next 
summer at Chatauqna. 

In the next issue of Tne Jocrnai. the 
work of the conventiou will be noticed in 

linos on from left to right, slopiug down- 
ward, and the next coat from top to bot- 
tom. Bring out the lightsnnd shadows as 
much as you can easily with the first lines 
and use coarse pens. The second coat 
may be put on with a fine pea. Lines may 
be retouched, but it is better to avoid it. 
if possible. 

A Goia Pnu Doctor. 

The smallest circ ular saw used for any 
purpose is employed in slitting gold pens. 
It is of about the circumference of a dime 
and no thicker than u sheet of ordinary 
writing paper. 

Speaking of gold pens reminds us that 
the most accomplished gold pen doctor 
we have ever known is William Rose- 
boom. 288 Hudson street, this city. 
What he doesn't know about a gold pen 
isn't worth knowing, aud no matter what 

-The July Cenh<ry con- 
discussion of the 
single (land) tax idea. Ed- 
ward Atkinson, the dis- 
tinguished political econo 
mist, attacks the idea 
vigorously, aud it is as 
vigorously upheld by Henry 
(Jeorge Thisalone is worth 
buying the magaziue for. 

—The best of the mid- 
summer .S7. Nicholas is to 
be found in the iiaper of 
adventure in Central Africa 
(the fourth of a series), by 
li. J, Olave, one of Stanley's 
pioneer officers. " Hawks 
and Their Uses'' is another 

— ^TheJuly Wide Awake in point of inter- 
est lo young folks is not behind any periodical 
tbiit w'u have had the pleasure of seeing. This 
pnblirittion seems to be fast closing up the 
gap l«'l ween it and til. Nichola : 

of his rapid writing and a small draw- 
ing. Both specimens creditable, 

— Sergeant Bachtenkiichfr- Ink- «{ rrin<-e- 
ton, Ind.. now principal nl I m n Hn- ' "11 
Lafayette, Ind., is on hull. 1 : i 

inforces them with son i.; i .. ; l. y 

facility with the pen, bear the imprint of E. 
G. Gonstead, Sacred Heart, Mmn. Other 
good <'ord specimens are from M Fulton, 
Evaiisville, Ind.. who also contributes a flour- 

— Few of our correspondents are capable of 
writing a letter more admirably adapted to 
business purposes with resi>ect of its cbiro^ra- 
phy tbonJ.P. Loftus. of Carbondale, Pn., High 
School. He writes with a coai-se i»u, pr<xlucing 
a line of uniform quality. Another excL-UiMit 
business writer is J. F. Jewell, Poinesville, 
Ohio. He uses a slight shade. There is noih- 
ing fancy about bis penmanship, bul the shaiw 
is good aud the motion apparently uuob- 

The lesson this month is on line shading, 
as applied to drapery. The figure is taken 
from a wood cut, and is su|iposed to repre- 
sent oue of the old proj)hets. We do not 

howy letter writer J. P. Regan, 
... , ,_ ■_. ^1^^, pulilic 

[ i. !■:. & B. College, Balli- 
11 iM i! ii.iiiM'd volume, the title de- 
it> iliiii jiL-tiT precisely. The work 
■iLlv upun the make-up of da^-book 

i Superintendent of Penmanrhip 
I schools of Rockville. Conn., des 
tion. Hisbtyle isflueutandj 
3 the shape of lettei-s and tli 


_' had the pleasure of examining 
the '■ I'lngLssive l-essoas in Pen Drawing," 
nilv-rlis-dby A. V. Webb. Na-shville. 'ienr. 
Mr Webb has done much good work, some 
of it [iir Thk .Iournal. audit was of course to 
hi'L'X|n'Cie<l that his lessons would have umcb 
U> I'niiiiiien.l them. And so they have -Taken 
in conncrtinn with the advice and instruction 
with which they are supplemented the pur- 
chaser tti-comes a pupil, and dull indeed must 
he he if he fail to get the worth of his tH. 

Bengough & 'Warrinei', of the 

I well made book of 413 pages, and so far 

' ' had the opi>ortumty of examining 

9 be a practical and progreaiive one. 

BUIiiil to a Polnl 

EuiToit OK Toe Journal: 
Evidcully your "devil ' 

like most of her 
one kind of "male, 
-judging frtJ 

i a lady, and, 

the word 

and that is spelled 
1 the way she spelled 
imonial on pugc 00, 


slightiiig the fain 

iber of T 
I do not believe ^ _ 

and hud I meant that kind, I would ha 
said "male or female," as I beliive Ames' 
Book of Flouri.'hes wootd be a better help 
than cither sex would give for the price 
of the book. Truly yours, 

Stuart (Va.) Bus. Coll. 

L. U. Jackson. 

ails it he can restore it to its accustomed 
health and business vigor. Occasionally 
he drops into Thk JomiN.\i- office "just 
to see if all the pens are going smoothly " 
If they are not when he comes they are 
always in condition to do so when he goes. 

M. V. Hester, Ridge Farm, III., would like 
to know the population of the various cities 
that employ special writing teachers. A good 
idea. But hadn't we better wait a little for 
Uncle Sam's inquisitors t*» get in their re 
ports ? Then we shall have the latest Hgurea. 


r.,o«.ne timcl have been trying to secui 
of H. W. Plickinger, L. P. Spenui 

. Isaacs. I 


. readers shuul'l bave 
f possession the work of any of these gen- 
I I should be pleased to hear from them. 
!U letters iirefcrref'. Cash paid. Address 

O htiffcc's Institute, Oswego N. Y 

I \'l'lO^ \( t ^'rl':l> tiv man cupocially 

I [I. ii .11 h iii-i .xiierlenced. ISi-ad- 

vouch for the likeness. A little care is 
required in drawing the linis, but it is 
mainly a work of patience, so do not get' 
discouraged and stop when only half way 
through the piece. Have the folds and 
wrinkles outlined in pencil, and some of 
them with the pen. Lay the first coat of 




,-KOi;hU Xlil.VCHUR of Pen- 

maiiahitJ, also teacher of Uookkeeping. 
Arithmetic, Shorthand and Typt^writlng. will 
correspond immedlaU-ly with well-established 
colleges that are wtlilng to pay liberally for 
work. Address "OPPURTUNITy." 

WAWiTliD— Position as teacher of pcnn 
shin and bookkeeping ; bave had exi 
fence and can give the best of relcron 
salary modcmtc. J. I". AMSPAKKU, I'n 

l »ort. Ohio. 

i^ ship Bookbeepmg. .Coiumercial Law, etc.. 
wishes an engagement; graduate of a leudUig 
colleKe* fl\e yesi-s' experience handling classes 
and a member of the bar ; will accept moderate 
sdlary with itood school where good work Is 
rewafded. Address '-IMMEUIAlV eareTnie 

Address P O. Box ~u 


nil Al inntlt 

ferrcd (miiirht ii 


■ k< 

ary wtllbe paii 



B rigbl party. A<i- 

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Vol. XIV,— No. 9 

Bflsioess Educators at Chautauqna, 

T WAS a happy stroke 
that took the Business Edu- 
^ tutors to Chautauqua this 
mer for theli- twelfth 
annual meeting. There 
was found precisely the 
ideal environment for such 
a convention — morally, 
* physically. The intellec- 
ktual atmosphere of the 
pliice, exhaled from centers 
of inspiration that run the 
gamut from the decoration 
of teacups to introspective study of San- 
skrit, is as crisp and bracing as the breezes 
that fill one'* lungs with the freshness of 
beautiful Lak6 Chautauqua. 

pictureacjue buildings (some of which we 
are able to show), cottaj^es. halls of phil- 
osophy, conservfltories of music, temples 
of worship and culture — all surrounded by 
a wall that on Sunday is impassable from 
within or without, Throngs of people 
there are who have come from everywhere 
to learn something — earnest, ambitious 
men and women, or, rather, boys and 
girls, for they are all boys and girls at 

Especially girls. You probably never 
before saw so many of them together or 
doing so many kinds of things. You are 

Such a charming stretch of water, 
decked with little pleasure craft, flashing 
l)iick the green of its setting, and suggest- 
ing possibilities of piscatorial narrative 
that make the heart of the angler leap 
within him. Such Splendid trees to lie 
under and watch the bicyclists thread their 
way along the sinuous paths, catch the 
shimmer of bright color from the tennis 
courts, or drift away to sleep and dream 


ir you have fallen between the leaves of 
• ■ fiiiry books you used to love, and the 
•vuvi- of you has somehow got miiccd up 
itli the pictures. 
Sprinkled about the delightful grqves are 

doubt wheu you pass one 
whulher her next half hour will be spent 
in the society of Homer and Epictetus or 
in fathoming the mystery of the internal 
organism of pan cakes. She maybe out for 
a boat ride on the lake or for a cruise with 
Professor Harper on the Dead Sea. And 
it is just this variety and multiplicity of 
delightful pursuits that give to Chautauqua 
its special charm and glory. 

Members Frearnt. 

Secretary McCord's official list shows 
that besides a number who sent their re- 
grets with their dues, these members were 
present and took part in the proceedings: 

C. S. Bibnan, Dayton, O. 

G. \V. Brown, Jacksonville, 111. 

Miss Marion Bro^vn, Detroit. 

C. L. Bryant. Buffalo. 

J. R. Camell. Albany. 

W. ti. Chaffee, Oswego, N. Y. 

C. E. Chase, Indiana, Pa. 

H. B. Chicken, Springfield, 111. 

S. N. Christie, Poughkeepsie, N. Y. 

G. M. Evans, London, Ont, 
E. R. Felton, Cleveland. O. 
J. M, Prosher. Wheeling, W. Va. 
R. E. OaUagher, Hamilton, Ont. 
L. A. Crray, Portland, Me. 
P. Hammel, Akron, 0. 

E. L. Hall, Mansfield, O. 
Miss Anna Halse, Akron, O. 

T. W. Hanuum, Hartford, Coim." 

A. H. Hinman, 'Worceater, Mass, 

Byron Hortou, New York. 

E P. Irving. Decatur, lU. 

Miss Mary D, Lecky, Allegheny, Fa. 

H. T. Loomis. Cleveland, 0. 

Miss Agness B. Martin, Des Monies, la. 

C. H. McCargar, Ottawa, Ont. 

W. E. McCord, New York. 

J. M. Mehan, Des Moines, la. 

Charles M, Miller, New York. 

A. S. Osborn, Rochester, N. Y. 

Mrs. A. S. Osborn, Rochester, N. Y. 

S. S. Packai-d, New York. 

Mrs. S. S. Packard, New York. 

C. 0. Perrin, Buffalo. 

W. C. Ramsdell, Wilmington, Del, 

A. W. Randall, New York. 

A. J. Rider, Trenton, N. J. 

G. A, Rohi'bough, Omaha, Neb. 

H, M. Row. Pittsburgh. 

W. H. Sadler, Baltimore. 

Mrs. W. H, Sadler, Baltimore. 

Byron Smith, Hamilton, Ont. 

G. W. Snavely, Urbaua, O. 

Enos Spencer, Louisville, Ky. 

H, C. Spencer, Washington, 

Mrs. Sara A. Spencer, Washington. 

F. A. Stedman, Hartford, Conn. 
Miss Mary H. Stevin.'wn. 

I. 0. Stnink, New Albany. Ind. 

J. M. Wade, Wilmington, Del. 

W. R. Will, Baltimore. 

J. Clark Williams. Pittsburgh. 

L. L. WUliams, Rochester, N. Y. 

Mrs. L. L. Williams, Rochester, N. Y. 

S. C. Williams, Rochester. N. Y. 

A. D. Wilt, Dayton, O. 

E. J. Wright. Louisville, Ky. 

CoDgreir»tlonnl House. 

, Felton Begins 


President Felton be- 
gan business with his 
gavel on the afternoon 
of Wednesday, July 
23, and forthwith pre- 
sented Mr. George E. 
Vince t, of the Chau- 
tauqua Association. 

Mr, Vincent's ad- 
dress of welcome on 
behalf of the Chautau- 
qua people was exceed- 
ingly hearty. In 
speaking of the aims 
of his association and 
of that represented by the convention he 
said ; 

Our object is to induce people to use their 
spare time for reading and study and for per- 
sonal culture, and we believe that people can 
get more out of life, can live a l>etter life by so 
doing. Your object Is. as I understand it, to 
drill people to be more effective in the work of 
life — for those things which we all have to do. 
it is the " god of getting-on " which we Amer- 
icans are supposed to worship, and it behooves 
us to leam the most systematic and business- 
like way of doing the work of life. It is your 
object to train young men and young women 
in this direction that they may secure a liveli- 
hood, and when they have leisure we want to 
have them employ it in personal culture, so 
that we shall have a common aim. It is thus 
ap[>ropriate that you should meet here. I as- 
sure you of a very hearty welcome, and I bid 
you to take Chautaucjua. to enjoy it as much 
as you can, and I hope you will And it as much 
a pleasure as possible and that you will go 
away with a favorable impreitsion of the work 
we are doing here. 

First to respond on 
behilf of the associa- 
tion was Mr. H. C. 
Sjiencer, announced by 
the president. After 
V gracefully acknowl- 
"N edging the courtesies 
J oi the Chautauqua pco- 
I pic, Mr. Spencer briefly 
ff explained the objects 
I of the Business Edu- 
' cators' Association and 
the work that ia being 
done by its members Continuing, he 

There are three plans of life which should be 
l>rovided for, which should be recognijMKl al- 
ways — the spiritual or higher, the intellectual, 
the physical. These are all provided for hero. 
We recognize this in our work of education. I 
honor in my own mind Chautauqua above all 
other places of summer resort, on account of 
its trinity of ukgs, and I hope that circum- 
stances will permit us to accept not only tbia 
work, but the invitation which is carried with 
it of visiting this place another time. 

The President.— It is unnecessary to say to 
the members of this association, esi)eeially all 
who have heard of S. S. Packard (and who 
has notn that he Is always ready. I fail to 
record an instance in my life of 25 to 35 year* 
of experience, during which time I hove on 
divere and sundry occasions been brought 
within plcjisant and happy contact with that 
genllenian, where he hod be«n called and failed 
to res]x>ud, and in each and every instance to 
do so with the highest satisfaction to his 
friends. I have the pleasure of introducing 
Mr. S. S. Packard. (Applause.) 

Every c 

.xpected a good speech after 


. iuid I 

appointed. Here are some fiagraents : 

I am very glad to bave tbU assembly wel- 
comed by the bod of ChauceUor Vincent. 1 
am very glad to see this evideace ut a new life 
that is coming into Chautauqua work, and I 
am glad to fe?l the evidence of the new life 
that IS coming into our work. We have got in 
this convention of these business colleges what 
the Chancellor has got in his son We have 
the young men here who are going to carry on 
the work that we have begun. We have been 
building on long lines; we are now building on 
long lines that will reach from this life into 
the life that is to come. 

I vraa very happy to 
see Mr. Vincent draw 
the line so delightfully 
as be did between the 
work of the Chautau- 
qua Assembly and the 
work of *he Business 
EMucators' Associa- 
tion. I was happy to 
get the recognition that 
he gave us. We de- 
served it, and be knew 
that we deserved it, 
and we shall give him J^]r p 

every recognition in Hcsji 

the work that he is 
doing here. 

The Chautauqua Assembly gi"ew 
actly the same need, the same wan 
regrets that the Business College 
grew out of. Dr. Vincent, when he was a boy, 
failed to get that for which he so much wished 
in college education, in the sense in which tb&t 
is used. It nearly broke his heart. He was 
so situated in life that it was impossible for 
him to get that education. He said, "What 
shall 1 do ? I cannot get an education such as I 
want, but I will have an education," So he 
went to work and got that education by him- 
self, fought it out along that line, passed his 
examination and was as much a college gradu- 
ate as those who went to Yale, Harvard and 
Princeton, But he said, " There is something 
out of my life, there is something that never 
can fill lip— these college afisociations. It 
shall be my business in life to take all those 
regrete out of all the people that I can." 

Now. out of the same necessities which ex- 
isted, and which Dr. Vincent saw to exist in 
this coimtry, has grown the Business College of 
thiscountry. Yotmg men get through their com- 
mon school education and with all that comes 
the thought that they have no college to look 
back to. They have no college in tbeir lives 
and they cannot get it. It is too late, and so 
we have stepped forward in a certain sense. 
The Business College did notf^tait with that 
intention, because at first they were not at^ 
tended by boys who had this regret, but by 
men who were in business. Now, what have 
we got ; Not much. We haven't got three or 
four years for culture. We cannot do much 
in that dii-ection; we are going to let Chautau- 
qua do that. It is as much as they can do. But 
we have a work just as important as that — 
hinges directly on that, and gives it force and 
prominence and something to do. We take 
these cultui'ed persons and we givethem as much 
as theeie objects can give them in a year's 
training that will help them make for them- 
selves an honorable living. 

It will not do for anybody to belittle the 
work that we are doing. It is gi-and, it is 
noble, it is raaguiScent in its conception. It is 
grand lu what it is doing. We do not know 
it from the work we are doing, but we know it 
fi-ora the lives of those who have gone out 
from us and are at work in the world, and 
who look back to us and give us honor. 

L. L. Williams, chairman of the Execu- 
tive (Committee, aDDOuuced the pro- 
grnnime for the afternooD's work. He 
took occiwion to thank the Chautauqua 
officers for courtesies. After attending to 
some details of membership, the conven 
tioD adjourned for the day. 

Thureday morning's e.\ercises bogau with 
an address by Presidont Felton. Every 
line of it is worth printing, hut the 
limitations of space confine us to the sub- 
joined extracts : 

Since oui- last meeting at Cleveland another 

year h^-s been entere<l in time's great i-alendar. 
and the wondrous event* of its i>eriod have 
passed into history. Few years in the life of 
this republic are marked by fuller fruition of 
a glorious and prosperous peace. All the 
civilizing and Christianizing forces along tbe 
lines of commerce, science, arts, government 
and humanity have advanced their outposts 
and strengthened their reserves. It is gratify- 
ing to know that educational influences have 
not lost tbeir power or true position as the ad- 
vanced guard in this onward march. 

Before entering upon the deliberations and 
discusiions of the various topics, for which we 
are here assembled, may we not properly pause 
for a moment and take a careful retroajject of 
the past ? We are special instructors in the 
great work of education, and as such I believe 
are the latest arrivals upon the field. In our ear- 

in the Writing f ' Best Supplcmcntcl 
by the Other Work of the Student ? " 

Mr. Chicken explained that he did not 
intend to read a paper, but simply to pre- 
sent tbe subject and have it followed by 
discussion. It seemed to him that the 
first thing to be done in the teaching of 
any subject is to get the pupil to under- 
stand of what advantage that knowledge 
would be to him in future life ; to get 
him to pursue that study for the love of 
it. Now if you can instill into the mind 
of the pupil the advantage that it will be 
to him when he has acquired it you have 
the very best foundation upon which to 
build. His experience has been that 

Her history our right to existence was so seri- 
ously questioned by tbe elder brothers in tbe 
educational family that we were forced to as- 
sure them that we had no designs upon their 
domain. We only asked to become gleaners 
and take what they had voluntarily left. As 
time advanced opportunities multiplied, facili- 
ties improved, reputation for integrity was 
established, and a grooving demand was made 
for tbe product of our effort. The enlarge- 
ment of tbe field and scope of onr labors and 
the growing popularity of our system of edu- 
cation is evidenced by Its introduction into 
most of the schools of learning in this country 
and Europe. 

Tbe experiences of the past will bave proved 
of little value, if we may not recall and prop- 
erly weigh them. Have our students always 
secured the fullest measure of success com- 
mensurate with their ability to receive instruc- 
tion ? May we have exacted too much, by re- 
quiring all to reach for, and expecting most 
to attain to the fuller possibilities of the bright- 
est minds ! How to secure the greatest efii- 
ciency, eliminate the crudities and wasteful ap- 
pliames, which time and experience will surely 
detect in the management of our colleges, is a 
problem necessarily enlisting the attention of 
every proprietor in such schools, and calls in 
its solution for tbe exercise of sound judgment 
and a ripe experience. 

Om- effort must constantly be to bring our 
institutions to meet every requirement of the 
business community who are and must con- 
tinue tbe chief employers of our graduates and 
indirectly sustainers of our work. 


I Inn 

-Wc look him aetlivy h 



When the president had finished bow- 
ing his acknowledgments for the liberal 
applause which greeted his remarks he 
announced the School of Penmanship, 
S, C. Williams, Chairman. 

"The School of Penmanship," said the 
chairman, "hopes to present to you dur- 
ing the various sessions interesting and 
profitable work. Gentlemen will take 
part whom some of us, probably many of 
us, have not had the plejisure of hearing 
before and will show us what they are 
doing in various parts of the country, and 
will prove to us that 
the work of penman- 
ship is not at a staud- 
still by any means, b'lt 
that there is real study 

the method s o f t each ' 

ng and presenting ^..-^ ^k«*<^ ^^ 


very importa 
subjects." Mr. Wil- 
liams closed by an- 
nouncing a paper by Mr. Chicken. 
H. B. Chicken : *' How is Instruction Given 

where it is possible to get the student 
to study penmanship, not only as to the 
characters of it, but for the subsequent 
good that it will do him, he will do 
more at it in three months than he other- 
wise would in six. 

Mr. Chicken did not think it advisable 
to stimulate the work of the pupil by 
offering prizes to the best writers. The 
result of this is to confine the benefit to a 
very few pupils, while by making the 
good that is to come to him in fu- 
ture life the real prize a broader field 
is opened to the student, and this causes 
him to work with a will. He presumed 
every teacher of penmanship would see to 
it that all the papers made out 

during the entire day should ' 

pass under a teacher's eye for 
the purpose of criticism. He 
did not believe in cutting and 
slashing the work simply to es- 
tablish his right and power to do 
that sort of thing, but thought 
that the writing should be care- 
fully examined to emphasize the 
idea that special importance 
was being laid upon it. 

Mr. Mchan found himself iu 
sympathy with Mr. Chicken. 
He did not believe in the prize 
business. He believed in in- 
teresting classes. If you can- 
not do that you are doing ])Oor 
teaching. It is surprising to 
him how many young men who 
g-) to business are slow to 
awaken to the idea that busi- 
ness requires a good hand- 
writing. We see so many men 
in business who write in a way 
that can hardly be read. These 
examples are so contagious to 
boys that they sometimas think 
it scarcely necessary to write a =.= 
good hand, therefore most care- SP^ 
fill attention on the part of not 
only the writing teacher, but of 
every teacher in school, is re 
quired in order to secure a good ~ 
hand writing. 

"When I send a boy back a third or 
fourth time to copy over his examination 
paper he generally says: 'I don't see any 
use in that.' ' I am here for the jjurpose of 
having you learn to make a good business 
paper. You must do it.' The result is 
that he does the best he can finally." 

Mr. Brown regarded this question of 

suppleuicntal work in teaching wriliiitr 
about the most important question there is 
in it. He could not see what one teacher 
in a school could do vrith his pupils an 
hour a day if everybody else goes reganl- 
less of the matter of writing, not only in 
the work, but iu bis criticism of the work 
of the pupils. The writing teacher mny 
have ever so much skill. He may have all 
the enthusiasm that it is possible for a 
writing teacher to have, and yet, when he 
is through, the subject of writing be 
dismissed from the mind of the pupil that 
day, there will not be very much benefit 
left when next day comes for the writing 
lesson. He would avail himself of all 
benefits, whether of criticism or advice, to 
secure the desideratum; appeal to the en- 
thusiasm; appeal to the pride; appeal to 
their ideas of necessity — the absolute ne- 
cessity of reaping the benefit that is possi- 
ble in a business education; appeal to 
them in the form of prizes — "anything 
under Heaven that will wake up the en- 
thusiasm on this subject." 

Mr. Enos Spencer.— The remarks of Brother 
Bro^vn are exactly to the point. Nine-tenths 
of the money put in 
the writing teachers is 
thniwn away. Penman- 
ship should be caiTied 
through in all depart- 
ments. A penmanship 
teacher in order 1 
velop method should 
cai'ry his work clear i 

should tend to correct l''U08 Kpencer. 
work, and there is where we can get the great 
est benefit in penmanship. 

Mr. Ramsdell.— I have to say that careful 
grading of penmanship on the part of teachers 
will cause a permanent advantage in the 
pupil's writing. A good way to stimulate the 
work of a school is to see who can do the best 
work in a certain class on a certain lot of 
papers. After the work has been looked over, 
if the teacher will name the successful student 
and then name more than one whose work has 
l>een good, it will lend a stimulus to the whole 

Mr. H. C. Spencer thought the princi- 
pal point made by Mr. Chicken really the 
essential point. Appeal to tbe affections 
of the student ; in other words, develop 

Aldine Cottage-. 

iu him an affection for the work in baud 
for the sake of its uses; for the sake of 
the advantages to him and to the work — 
(hat is the way to succeed in the beat 
sense. He thought that greal benefits 
were to be derived from getting the 
pupil to practice at home and require 
bimto present every day a certain amount 

of home work. As soon as you get 1 
kind of co-operation your work is limil 
He did Dot tbiok tlmt prizes appeal to 
best elements in the character of 
(ttudents. He did not approve of roi 
drafts of work and then copying it 
bookkeeping, business practice or co 
spondencr. Learn to do things at once j 
do thera well the first time. 
■» Mr. Gray.— Mr. Speucer suggests 1 
(•very toacber who haii anything to rio t 
iKtokkeeping should be a good critic. It se 

tome that a man should be something more 
than tt critic. 1 believe that the person who 
holds himself up as a critic should be able to 
put a good model before a pupil, If he can 
only criticise it does not go far enough. The 
first speaker [Mr, Chicken] suggested that all 
papers should be criticised, but did not tell us 
whether all criticisms should be iu accordance 

with one spetis 

iiodel. It : 

3 the SI 

possible to get students to i 

genei-al standai'd, or the same model. They 

look at the copies in different lights. 

In conclusion, Mr. Gray expressed the 
belief that the awarding of prizes involved 
some delicate consideratioDs. 

Mr. Hannum gave it as his experience 
that one of the difficulties in giving prizes 
is the impoasibiHty, under ordinary cir- 
cumstances, of doing justice. Vou cannot 
do justice, because you cannot know all 
the circumstances. He thought the suc- 
cessful teacher must do thines by faith. 

Mr. Packard thought that the conven- 
tion at last had hit a part of the subject of 
penmanship that should interest every- 
body — the supplemental work. He was 
very glad that they were not called upon 
to discuss curves, whole-arm movements, 
and all that sort of thing. He had six 
teachers present from his school, including 
himself, and all of them were teachers of 

"There is Mr Horton," he said, "who 
looks so innocent, and who cannot write 
f()r cold beans. He is one of our best 
teachers of penmanship. He is a supple- 
mental teacher. He knovs when work is 
well done, and he does not accept it unless 
it is well done. He will not allow any 
slipshod work to come into his arithmetic 

At this point a tattoo by Chairman 
Williams's gavel announced the expiration 
of the time devoted to the section. It 
was succeeded by the school of bookkeep- 
ing, and Chairman A. D. Wilt took the 


Mr. Wilt announced that he had hoped 
to be able to present a series of exhibits. 
Mr. Enos SiK-ncer had brought books of a 
tobacco house at Louisville, and he (Mr. 
Wilt) had brought an exhibit of a large 
iron foundry, prepared by Editor Kit- 
tredge of Thr Opirr, whom ho was proud 
to claim as a graduate. At some future 
convention he hoped that this idea would 
be more fully dcveloypd. He announced 
!is the subject of discussion : " Methods of 
Ttiuhiiig (he Fir>t Principles." 

Mr. 11. V. Spencer announced that he 
had brought some books from the Lincoln 
National Bank of Washington. 

Discussion of the paper was opened by 
Mr. Enos Spencer. He regarded the teach- 
ing of first principles as the most essential 
part of the work, as in buildinga structure 
the first and most important thing is to 
lay a deep, broad and strong foundation, 
lie believed in doing one thing at a time 
and doing it thoroughly. If we have a 
transaction of selling goods for cash do 
not think of the receiving of cash. Do 
not keep two ideas before the student at 
once, but merely that cash is received. 
Treat that only. Think what you will do 
with it. Think nothing about the mer- 
chandise. Go ahead and take up another 
cash transaction, perhaps a disbursement 
of cash. Treat that and of the receipts 
and disbursements of cash. Then find 
what the debit means; what the debit 
sideshows; what the credit sideshows; 
what the difference shows. Learn all 
about that account itself without any re- 
lation whatever to any other account. Mr. 
Spencer then detailed at some length the 
precise methods of teaching followed in 
his school. 

Mr. Row had - changed his mind about 
presenting the first principles of book- 
keeping within the i)ast few years. He 
had become convinced that before any 
principles of bookkeeping are presented it 
is necessary to familiarize his students 
with the first principles of business. He 
used to think and practice the idea of 
giving the young men some exami)le9 to 
write out. He would have them journalize 
and post to the ledger. He would give 

entries from the day-book. His students 
were taught individually and in classes 
how to post; after understanding thor- 
oughly the journal entries from the day- 
book they would proceed with the regular 
order of day-book work, journal work 
and posting, closing the ledger. 

Mr. H. C. Spencer.— Do I understand that 
you have discontinued the use of a skeleton 
ledger ? 

Mr. Camell.— Entirely. 

Mr. Spencer.— In teaching the principles do 

Mr. Carnell.- Wedo'inthe class 
in the individual work of the school room. 

Mr. Strunk. — Mr. Carnell's methods are very 
nearly the same as those which I adopt. I first 
give a student a piece of paper that contains the 
same number of lines as are found on the blank 
day-book. I give him transactions to write 
up, explaming the first and second columns to 
the right. That if we have just one item at 
such a price this is a total in itself and we write 
it in the second column, but if w© have several 
items at different prices we write these results — 
that is, the several topics — in the first column, 
add these and write the total to the right. I 
withhold the grand total and they are ex- 
pected to get their i-esult correct. 

Mr. Brown thought that the knowledge 
of bookkeeping must be of mental com- 
prehension, and believed it possible for a 
person to he a very good bookkeeper with- 
out ever having seen a day-book, journal 
or ledger. That is to say, he might be 
taught to know what bookkeeping is; 
what accounts are for; what objects you 
have in keeping these accounts. 

Mr. Osborn was confident that this mat- 
ter of first principles was of the highest 

them a skeleton ledger of the different ac- 
counts, and would explain that they would 
learn to know what was on the debit side 
of cash, and what wos on the credit side 
of cash, and merchandise and all these ac- 
counts. But after all he found the student 
wasnot a thinker, that he.was a mechani- 
cal worker. He did things simply because 
there were rules in the books telling him 

The speaker believed in sitting down 
with a boy and beginning business by a 
preliminary conversation, then explaining 
to him principles of buying and selling, of 
barter, of the interchange of values be- 
tween produce. Prom that foundation he 
built up an outline of bookkeeping. 

Mr. Gray quite approved of the spirit of 
the preceding speaker's remarks. His 
usual course was to treat the one side first 
and" then the other side. He thought it a 
good idea to explain the structure of ac- 
counts before undertaking to put them 
together. The greatest difficulty was that 
many of the boys had not been taught to 
think carefully. 

Mr. Carnell's experience had been that 
the best way is to begin with forms. The 
tcficher could not do better than to give a 
day-book copy. Let the students copy 
that; then have class work in which the 
principles of htokkeeping arc explained. 
After they have got to understand the day- 
book iiretty thoroughly, having copied 
several forms, his rule was to give them in 
class work journalizing entries, taking 

importance in bookkeeping, as well as in 
anything else. It had been a very inter- 
esting experiment with him and a very 
valuable one trying to discover what it is 
that the pupil knows on the subject when 
he enters, and it usually developed that 
he did know something about bookkeep- 
ing, although his knowledge ^^_^_^^_ 
might not be strictly technical. 
His endeavor was to make 
this knowledge the basis of 
what follows. He thought it 
(juite possible to take an in- 
telligent student and get from 
him a large amount of infor- 
mation in regard to this 
subject without giving any 

count, and it seemed to him 
that that is the way to pre- 
sent the first principles. 

Mr. Meban.— The teacher of 
forms first is the teacher of aiib- 
stitution of physical for the men- 
tal work. Thinkmg is wtiat is 
wanted after all. The rule shoiUd 
he to do well and think well step -— ^-^-^— 

The subject was further discussed at 
length by Messrs. Gray, Enos Spencer, 
Felton, H. C. Spencer, Row and others. 

Mr. Mehan led in the discussion. -Ac- 
cording to his idea, there are two things 
to be considered in the teaching of arith- 

metic. One, the development of the 
reasoning powers; the other, the skill to 
work with accuracy and rapidity the com- 
mon propositions of business or arithmeti- 
cal propoaUions. How to adjust tho time 
requiaite for each of these is a very close 
question. In teaching this branch a busi- 
ness school should consider its peculiar en- 
vironments— that is, the probnbilitios of 
the particular work that the graduates will 
do when called upon to perform— and as 
nearly as possible trim to that line. 

One of tho interesting problems with 
Mr. Wilt was how little to teach in arith- 
metic — that is, how many things can be 
safely left out— and after considerable ex- 
perience he was free to say that he does 
leave out quite a number of things that 
might be regarded as essential by some of 
the brethren. He taught few things, and 
tried to teach these thoroughly. First of 
all, addition. Then interest, discount and 
exchange calculations received a great 
deal of attention. He did not go into 
weights and measures or the metric system. 

Mr. Mehan. — To what extent do you carry 
the efjuation of accounts ? 

Mr. Wilt.— I make that quite thorough. 

Mr. Melian. — To what extent do you caxvy 
stocks and bonds? 

Mr. Wilt.— I give them apart of ray time. 

Mi-. Wilt.— I do giv 

till numbers I would 
nil -s I found that the 
"linteverof it; cube 
■ '" ii things. 

I i'L> i^itiL-ular attention to 
I, i.'otiiumn discount and ex- 
partnership problems. 
Mr. Gallagher agreed with Mr. Wilt 
that many arithmetical branches which are 
important, but not so important as others, 
have to be omitted in the ordinary busi- 
nes-"^ college course. He laid great stress 
on the im))ortanceof teaching the equation 
of accdiir.t-^. :i- |H[ili;iliiv the fir-st work of 
the gra<lu;itr in Lii-iii.--. would be in that 
fi interest. 

I l.r ha.1 1 

ring 1 

i at- 

tention to mental arithmetic and found it 
very important. Exchange also claimed 
much attention. 

Mr. Brown expressed himself as being 
entirely positive that arithmetic or ele- 
ments ol calcu'ation aro the backbone of 
business college work. He did not agree 
with much that had been said relative to 
training the pupil on account of his special 
environments, as his business might take 
him into other communities where differ- 
ent things are required. 

what had 

been said by the pre- 

peaker. In 

Mr. Loomis Explains vate instruction to 

His ivfetiiod. *^°able them to catch 

up. Examinations 

ire had at certain points of the course. 

Mr. Mohan. — How many examinations dur- 

ing the time the student 
Ml'. Ixjomis.- Usually 

H pa.'Ming through the 

your standard for 

/ V.I. lent should fail 
ii.l lio tho work eor- 
li. [ii-riiups, vt some 

iin ariytbiiig for the 

in any subject, In 

examiniiiK a student I would judj^e him by 
wbat be knew al>out Ills work and what I 
thought be could do. 

A running discusaion as to tli.e rating of 
pupils ensued, Messrs. Loomis, Mehan, 
Gray, Brown, CamcII and Mrs. Speocer 

Mr«. Spencer explained the methods 
employed at the Speucerian College, Wash- 
ington. They have an entrance examina- 
tion and determine upon that examination 
the classification of students into juniors, 
sub-seoiors and seniors. A text hook is 
used OS the basis, and the entire instruc- 
tion is topical, not exhaustive. The students 
are required to take home work to do 
every night in six months of the year, 
consisting of at least ten practical prob- 
lems, which they are expected to return in 
the morning in writing arranged in a busi- 
niM-like, orderly way. 

The experience of Mr. L. L. Williams 
was that pupils are pretty well posted in 
the elements of arithmetic when they 
enter. What they want more than a 
knowledge of the subject is facility, and 
in that direction his energies are bent. 
Of course if he should get a student who 
is deficient in arithmetic that student must 
be worked up. 

Mr. Packard wanted to hear from sorae 
teacher who had had experience in what 
Mr. Williams calls " facility " — getting 

Mr. Irving said that in the simpler work 
he often calls oS uumbers for the pupils 
to write down and add up. As soon as a 
student has his answer he raises his hand. 
Another method is to employ mental work 
and do that just as rapidly as possible. 

Mr. Packard. — My miud ran mostly in this 
direction: There are some schools that woidd 
take up the subject as a mental i-est. I have 
been in schools where the students seem to be 
sleepy and where the teacher had that faculty 
of arresting the attention of the whole school 
by starting them oS in this dii'ection. Itsoine- 
times has occufred to me that if we would do 
that oftener in our schools it would be bett«r. 

Mr. Wilt. — My plan is not only to write 1, 3, 
3, 4, 5. 6, 7, 8, 9 on a blackbooi'd, but to have 
combinations of mmibers printed on a large 
sheet and with a pointer to direct 
these combinations of numbers. 

School of Vorreapondf7irc, Byrot, Stnitt, 

The chairman in a graceful speech ex- 
plained how he had endeavored to get a 
number of letters from business educalors 
to be printed in connection with the work 
of his section, but that very few of the 
educators had responded. He closed by 
introducing Mr. T. W. Hannum, who read 
an interesting paper on "How to Intro- 
duce the Subject of Correspondence to a 
Class and Conduct that Class." The paper 
waa discussed by Messrs. Brown, S. C. 
Williams, Mehan, Gray, H. C. Spencer, 
Packard, Wilt and Mrs. Spencer. 

This was followed by a paper by Mrs. 
H. C. Spencer, on "The Relation of En- 
glish Training to Business Education." 

When Mrs. Spencer arose to speak the 
Man-at-lhe-Knot-hoIe pricked up his ears, 
and rapidly whetting his pencil to a tine 
point, prepared to tjike copious notes on 
his cuffs. It had been darkly hinted that 
there might be some fun at this juncture 
of the quality that gave zest to the i)ro- 
ceedings at Cleveland last year, but the 
expectation was not realized, and the 
M.-a.-t.-K.-h. had no occasion to do vio- 
lence to the feelings of his laundryman. 

The point of Mrs. Spencer's paper was 
that, in any occupation for which business 
colleges fit theirstu- 
dents, a knowledge 
of the English lang- 
uage is indispens- 
able. This being the 
case, it is folly to 
neglect it in the ^' 
business course. \,y 
"Through the gate- \ 
way of a thorough 
examination in En- f4 

gUsh, let every can- L ' 

didate for admission Mrs. Spencer Speaks, 
to our colleges pass upon that entrance ex- 
amination. Let him be graded as junior, 
sub-senior or senior, or perhaps be de- 
clared incompetent altogether." 

She thought that the sooner business 
colleges demand a fair standard of English 
qualificationa for admission, the sooner 
will the young men who intend to enter 
them begin to make suitable preparation, 
and the higher in general English culture 
they set their standards for graduation, 
the higher will be the estimate an intelli- 
gent community places upon their work 
and the worthier will be the positions at- 
tained by their students. 

oninunMlilp Talk-JL 

Before procci'ding to the order of the 
day, President Felton announced that Mr. 
Warreu U. Sadler 


3 of the 

pressed in hand- 
clapping, and Mr. 
Sadler responded 
felicitouslv. After 
r it was over Mr. S. 

»ro. i^nillcr Airives. C. Williams cUmbed 
on the rostrum and took the chair to direct 
the Pcnnianshij) Section. 

The chairman announced that he de- 
sired to present a gentleman who was a 
sort ol connecting link between Chau- 
tauqua and the B. E. A.— Mr. C. R. Wells, 
director of the Chautauqua School of 
Business, also proprietor of the Wells 
Business College, Syracuse, N. Y. The 
subject of Mr. Wells' paper was '* What is 
the Most Serious Difficulty a BusinMs 
College Teacher hos to Encounter in 
Teaching Writing ?" 

Mr. Wells explained that his plan was 
to teach correspondence in connection 
with instruction in business penmanship. 
The two branches are naturally and in- 
timately associated; by handling them to- 
gether he finds that he can save time and 
secure better results in both. In a writing 
lesson that continues for an hour the stu- 
dents begin to tire after thirty-five or 
forty minutes and some relaxation is 
necessary. While they are resting their 
hands and their muscles he addresses 
them for a few moments \ipon matters 
which it is important for them to under- 
stand; such, for iustjince. as telling them 
what would be required if they were to 
take a position in some well conducted 
business office. Until they have had con- 
siderable training on penmanship he does 
not consider it wise to enter the subject 
of correspondence. When that poiut of 
development is reached the exercise of 
writing letters is taken up. Utilizing the 
moments of rest for this purpose, he 
teaches the proper form of a letter, mark- 
ing it out on the board and explaining 
the relative positions of the various parts. 
Then the names of these parts are taught. 
This is all done from a model, and after 
sufficient time the model is erased and the 
student required to draw one from mem- 

In teaching punctuation he does not 
deal in abstract terms, but tries to impress 
on the pupil's mind that the use of these 
marks is to make the sense of the writer 
clear. Having given attention to all parts 
except the body of the tetter, it is in order 
to attend to the nature and structure of 
sentences, such as enter into the structure 
of this part of the letter. The various 

matters which 

of the letter rccci 

aud the next step 


Talks Pen- 

attention in detail, 
to combine them in 
proper order by writ- 
ing a letter. He 
finds it a good plan 
to dictate a letter 
at this stage, re- 
quiring the pupils 
to pay close atten- 
tion to matters of 
jirrangement, punc- 
tuation and execu- 
tion of the penman- 
ship. The results 
are collected and 
criticized. The let- 
ters he would dic- 
tate for this pur- 
pose would be models of letters of appli- 
cation for position, or of some kindred 
character. As an exercise in composition 
he found it profitable to require the stu- 
dents to describe something that they had 
seen as though intended for publication in 
a newspaper. 

Every member present found himself 
clapping in approval of Mr. Wells' paper. 
Mr. Packard sprang to his feet and de- 
clared it was the best paper he ever heard 
read before a business educators' associa- 
tion. He agreed that writing is neither a 
science uor an art, but a habit, and thought 
there was a glorious idea embodied in that. 
He was particulaHy delighted with the 
idea advanced of encouraging the individ- 
uality of the student. 

It was a great pleasure to Mr. H. C. 
Spencer to listen to the paper. Mr. Welis 
the beginning that it was 

bad stated i 

hastily prepared, but Mr. Hpebctf knew 
better than that. He knew that it was the 
result of twenty-five years of thought and 
study— not the result of what a conceited 

thinking man or an unskillful man. but 
the reverse of all that. A man who has 
quietly aud patiently, and ill the spirit of 
an investigator, btiBu at work and been 
successful all the way along, Mr. Spencer 
fancied that Mr. Wells had had an idea 
that what he said would antagonize the 
convention, but no such thing had hap- 
pened, or could. Gentlemen may dilTer 
in many respects, but if they afe working 
with the idea of doing bettel' from year to 
year, when they come together and com- 
pare notes, they find that all are bring- 
ing truth to the altar— not exactly the 
same truth and in the same form, but it is 
all truth and all wisdom. 

Mr. Spencer had no criticism to make 
of the statement that writing is a habit. 
The difBculty is lu going back to the 
point whorp these habits Were formed. 
He had pxporliuriited a glriit deal lu this 
line, ;ind lit' di:;^<.ribed tlie rbildrcn dt wol-k 
til the primary grades of tht; public schools 
at Washington. Hts experiments con- 
vinced hiiu that in order to get down to 
the real soiirce of these habits it wuuld be 
necessary to reach ihfi homes of the chil- 
dren; but they ai-e collected only in the 
schoolroom. In the city of Washington 
five thousand children are every year 
trained to take hold of th« pencil properly 
by the teacher holding the hand and mov- 
ing it, so that they cultivate the muscular 
Sense of the child, who does the work with 
his arms. What is the result of training 
like that ? Later on, of course, they are 
taught to lay the arm down, tt has the 
same movement whether you move the arm 
up or down. The speaker expected to live 
long enough to see these ehildreU tome up 
from the first grade tuto the business col- 
lege, and theh it would not be necessary 
to undo all that had been done in eight 
years, but he would find them ready to go 
to their work in the bookkeeping and busi 
ness offices in an easy and natural way. 

Mr. Wells arose to say that the point 
made by Mr. Spencer of the children in 
the primary room learning bad habits of 
form and movement was oue that he waa 
especially sensitive on. His idea was that 
these bad habits when learned were due 
to forming script letters. A boy learns to 
make the A and the B in a certain way 
(illustrating on board), and that becomes 
a part of the letter absolutely. The posi- 
tion becomes so much a part of the letter 
that if you straighten the boy's hand up 
and ask him to make the A lie goes back 
to the old position. He continued : 

I take a child who has been three years 

sitioD, and he i 

That system 
years, merely to discipline the arm and to de- 
velop this movement. In regard to forming 
letters I will take these chiltfren and in three 
weeks after I get them all that bad bnbit will 
disappear, and they will write with an entirely 
different kind of movement. I have done that 
over and over again. In three weeks' time 
after I commence with llic [>ei), Imscii upon the 
preliminary drills which thev have had. and 
without writing for the tluee yeins I van teach 
them so that the entire Imbit will disappear, 
but this is the result: I do not get standard 

s alike iu two pupils. 
Mr. Spencei explained that iu Wash- 
ington they teach the children the first 
year to write with a full swing, and after 
they have passed that stage of work all 
they do is to drop their arm and write a 
little smaller. 

Penmanship was put iLside at this point 
and the School ol Shorthand had an inning. 
Chairman Giillaghor directing. 

The first business in this section was a 
paper on " Word Signs and Contractions," 
by Miss Marion Brown, of Detroit. Rev. 
Wm. D. Bridge, of the Chautauqua School 
of Shorthand, Messrs. Chaffee, Will, 
Hannum and Smith and Miss Martin 
participated in the discussion which fol- 

Mr. Christie arose to remark that he 
knew nothing whatever about the subject 
and thought that a sufficient excuse for 
jisking a question. He wanted to know 
how long it takes for the average student 
to acquire a rate of speed sufficient to take 
down the ordinary conversation or speech. 

Mr. Chaffee considered himself honest 
enough to answer Mr. Christie's question 
as well as he could. From eight to nine 
months on an average are required for his 
pupils to go into an office, take a position 
and keep it. 

Mr. Smith thought from six to nine 
months waa a fair avenige for his pupils. 

Mr. Mehan, though not a shorthand 
writer, had noticed that in the past few 
years the requirements of the average 

much broader than they 
used to be. The reason is that business 
men are learning to dictate and the more 
they learn about it the more expert the 
amanuensis must be to avoid a necessity 
for iuterruptionti. 

lutPifstcd in tho Shorthanil Work. 
tol «/' JtttokhceptHg. Siv. Wtit in thf 

■ tilioul.l 

-.,„., ...H.^lr ^l:,.l„,. ih hi.lM, 

Mr. t^eit 

tlonabty, Ymi mn-l In-i iippti-r 111,. jMiliil 
of the facts, ih' mnsl khiiw whilt tbl' 
transactiob is-, hut wbcn that is givch 
him his plaii is to set him to thel)rizing by 
laying down the principles, ih hissbhool 
it was known as the Theory Department. 
The |m(ill l> -Iviii to understand that it is 
iu((-~;ii\ III in iliiis and so in buying for 
sncli .i[hI mhIi m ^isous. -When that has 
been lixfil ill lli^ niind he is set to work 
for hiiuseif. 1 iiat is to say, a transaction 
is given him and he is required to buy lind 
Bell nhd to apply these prlnciptcB to hie 

Mr. L. h. Wiltiilms had a notion of his 
own about this nmtlel-. Wheh joU felvc il 
student ft ictisoh foV a thi:ig you give hihi 
the theory. When you give hiiii sohie- 
tbiug that will put that idea in practice 
you give him the practice, so theory aud 
practice, in his judgmenti go blind iil 
hand in every business bbUegie. 

"TheVe are two expressions, Mr. Packard 
said, which he would tike to blot out of 
use in every business college work. One 
is "theory," the other "actual business." 
There is no questioning the fact that the 
principles of bookkeeping have to be laid 
down very clearly before they can be put 
into practice. He quite agreed with Mr, 
Williams that the moment you come td 
carry out these principles you have what 
you call practice, ahd thiit is all that ilhT- 
body has. Mr. tackard ihcn outlined the 
methods used in his school. 

The subject was further discussed aud 
different methods illustrated by Messrs. 
Frasher, Mehan, Carnelt, Bryant, Row, 
Gray, H. C. Spencer, Sadler and others. 

The convention then took up GOPBldera.' 
tion of general exercises in the schoolroom. 

Mr. Chicken described the literary ex- 
ercises held in his school Friday evenings. 
It helped the pupils by giving them con- 
fidence in themselves and familiarizing 
them with parliamentary practices. An 
hour or so is deemed sufficient time. He 
has a piano at hand, and there is usually 

Mr. H. C. Spencer spoke of tlie daily 
physical exercises at the Spencerian Col- 
lege. Pupils are required to go througli 
a system of exercises intending toimprovr 
tlieir general carriage, etc. There ahi 
also literary exercises, the names of certain 
authors being given, and the pupil being 
required to make a quotation from a given 

Mr. Packard outlined the exercises at 
his school, with which Jouhnal readers 
are tolerably familiar, many of them hav- 
ing been described in its columns. He 
attached great importance to putting his 
students to the investigation of a certain 
subject, giving them every facility for 
gaining information about it, and after 
considering it thoroughly and discussing 
it among themselves, calling in an ac- 
knowledged expert iu that line to explain 

oUcffe of Liberal 


the matter and answer questions. 
Henry George, for instance, had stood up 
before his school to answer questions on 
the single tax theory, which had previously 
been carefully considered and freely 
discussed. Ex-Qovcrnor Hoadly, who 
formed the first "trust," had explained 
all about " trusts " in the same way. 

Mr. McCord suppleiucDted this with ex- 
pluoatioD of another Packard idea— that of 
sending out a body of students on a tour 
of investigiilion— to go to a pencil factory, 
for instance, and learn what they could 
alrout the making of pencils, cr to go 
through the Western Union Telegraph 
office, or the World printiDgoffice, and in- 
fwrm themselves of those processes. 

Mr. Sadler explained that the exercises 
in his school occur on Friday evenings, 
occupying an hour. He does much of the 
talking himself on these occasions. The 
advanced shorthand pupils are given an 
opportunity to take the proceedings, and 
it affords them good practice. 

Mr. Row told about the Friday morn- 
ing debating club in his school. He has 
a query box which starts the machine in 
motion. He liked the Packard plan. 
Besides this is a general drill every Tues- 
day and Thursday, but he did not sup- 
pose the membei-s'of the convention would 
ever imagine what it was. The whole 
school takes part. "We come together 
and we add and add," Mr. Row explained, 

Mr. Mehan outlined his own practice in 
this respect. It is much on the lints that 
have been described. He has a society 
which makes up its own programme, and 
this usually includes some mimic. 

Mr. Christie admired the Packard idea 
very much, but thought that circumstances 
surrounding pupils in different schools 
would necessarily have their influence in 
shaping the matter of these supplementary 
exorcises. His school, for instance, gradu- 
ates students through the theory and act- 
ual business course in three months, and 
that does not give boys much time for gen- 
eral exercises. They did not neglect 
features of diversion, however. There are 
Saturday morning entertainments, prize 
contests in spelling, etc. Then they have 
regular prayer meetings, also receptions at 
the residence ol the president, where the 
students enjoy themselves dancing and in 
similor ways. 

In Mr. Gray's school there is a musical 
and literary club which regulates its own 
machinery, subject to his supervision and 
approval. Messrs, McCnrgar, Smith and 
Williams also gave their school room ex- 
periences in this direction. 

The above caption furnished the title of 
an admirable paper by Mr. Packard which 
led the programme Friday afternoon. It 
was liberally punctuated with the ap- 
plause of the hearers. Here is the heart 
of it- 

A school to be broadly helpful to the pupil 
must hold bis allegiance and satisfy his pride. 
It must stand well »n the coinmimity, not for 
what it may claim to do, but for what it does. 
In its practical work nai'ticularly it n 

iui--tnicted system of practical 
LiscolIeeeswiU seek to do more than keep 

ii'krits Yiu^y or prodnoe tlie likeness of 

to present busiuess tli 
ouglUy and euforco sn 
lated transactions tln; 
underlie business that i 
principle-s themselves w 

School of Civica, G. W. Brown Chairman. 

In taking the chair Mr. Brown explained 
some ditRculties under which he labored, 
one of which was that he hadn't the 
slightest conception what civics was, and 
after getting the convention in the best of 
humor wound up by a paper that drew 
general applause. 

Mr. McCord, in an earnest speech, ex- 

Elaineti his idea of civics as applied to 
usiness college training, and outlined in 
detail the extent to which this branch is 
followe<l in his teaching. *' When we 
apply the term to work done in business 
colleges,'' he said, "it means simply the 
work that we do in the business college 
for the purpose of lilting the student 
better to perform his duties as a citizen.". 
The particular subdivisions which re- 
ceive most attention in his work are in the 

line of public spciikiug, y 

usage, commercial law and political hi; 

tory. The remark] 

marked attention. 

Mrs. Spencer regarded civics as a sub- 
ject of the first importance and did not 
believe that a commercial school should 
submit to limitations of time that would 
exclude so important a topic. She com- 
mended Mr. McCord's remarks in general 
but did not like his idea of excusing the 
girls from the requirement of speaking, 
which was imposed on the boys. She re- 
minded the convention that there are 
twenty-four States in the Union in which 
women are helping to make the laws, and 
it is a pretty serio is thing to try to turn 
back the hands on the dial of progress. 

es like lightning when you 

teach them shorthand." He 

listened to with used to admire the theory "go slow and 

well," but has learned since that to write 

fast and well 


Saturday morning's session opened with 
a paper by Mrs. Spencer on "The Possi- 
bilities of Business College Work," the 
reading of which held the attention of the 
convention closely. The Johrnai, man 
did not have the pleasure of hearing it 
and it was inaccessible to him during the 
preparation of this report, from the fact of 
being left at the office of the ClutuUiufpin 
TJcnild for publication. Its general lines 
were to emphasize the importance of 
having the business college course long 

enough to teach various branches, not 
now general in the curriculum of businebs 
schools, which Mrs. Spencer deemed in- 
dispensable to the proper equipment of a 
student for a business career. These 
branches include civics, commercial law, 
business ethics and commercial geography. 
A coui-se of three years was deemed ade- 
quate for this work, in addition to the 
branches commonly taught in business 

The readine of this paper was greeted 
with applause and half a dozen members 
arose to convey their compliments or 
comment upon the sentiments expressed. 
There were various discussions aljout va- 
rious things until the convention got into 
a mild sort of tangle and it looked to the 
Man-at the-Knot-hole as if the Battle of 
Cleveland was to be fought over again. 
It was all in the air, however, and if there 
were any trains of powder laying around 
loose the sparks seem to have missed con- 
nection. Instead, White-winged Peace de- 
scended upon the scene in her usual 
amiable way and the convention proceeded 
to hold a love-feast under the grateful 
shadow of her wings. Everybody got on 
his or her feet to vote everybody else a 
complete success and every other paper 
ever read of tremendous and inextinguish- 
able benefit to the convention and mankind 
iu general, and so the clouds rolled by. 
This view is, of course, gratuitous and 
wholly unotficial, and if there is anything 
the matter with the perspective the fault 
no doubt rests with the knot-hole and not 
with Business Educators. 

J'honoaraphers at Confetalonal. 

President Felton having yielded the 
gavel in conformity with tho provisions of 
the Executive Committee, Mr. Gallagher 
took the chair nnd started the shorthand 
machine going again. 

Mr. Chaffee suggested that Professor 
Bridge, who was present, give his idea ol 
the most important thing in teaching 
shorthand. Mr. Bridge improved the 
shining minute that he had to spare be- 
fore catching a train to say that in teach- 
ing phonography precisely the most im- 
portant thing is to get the student to think 
that it is a good thing— to go into it with 
heart, soul and body, not because his 
father wants him to or circumstances re- 
quire it, but because he thinks it is a 
good thing. 

A rambling "speed*' t-alk followed, in 
which pretty much everybody who taught 
shorthand or bad any notions about it 
took part. 

Ill the course of the discussion Mr. 
Chaffee, in answer to a question, briefly 
quoted Mr. Cross's dictum "teach pupils 

best way to do. A 
good way, for in- 
stance, is to write on 
the board or paper. 
As you place the let- 
ter R count "one, 

■. Chaffee Points t 

showing the 

, and keep on 

■ounting. Keep the 

■ ne and non't 

jerk. Teach your 

students to throw 

the outlines off with 

their fingers, as you 

would throw water off your hands when 

you haven't a towel. 

Mr. McCargar. — Wb teaoh them to write iu 
a minute and have theui read it in the same 
time. Then we say, " Try it a^ain and see if 
you cannot get it faster, " rewriting the same 
thing several times. Wo do this iieriodicatly 
some part of the day five or ten minutes. 

Mrs. Packard (in answertoaqutwtion by Mr. 
Chatfee).— I do not like to say auythiog about 
"speed," twcause we don't use the word in our 

Mr. Chaffee.— I am nmeh obliged. That is 
just the way we do. 

Mr. Smith.— Do yi 
ing so that the studo 
tbey are making i 

Mrs. Packard.— No. we know what they can 

Mr. Smith. — I would like to ask Mi-. Miller 
what he does when a man comes to him and 
sav- ' I want a stenographer who can write 

but latbei thw gencial qualifications he 

) to the plaie find nut piecisely 

ISIS uualitit;d to mtct them 
— I find busine'ismen S'fa rule 
as to the speed that they 

Ml Haiinom —One reason why it would not 
be useful to tell students what speed they have 
accomplished is that one time tbey might have 
easy matter, and the next day much harder 
matter. It would therefore be a source of dis- 
couragement for a student to And that he wrote 
slower to-day than he did yesterday. 

Mr. Chaffee. — What do these "speed" 
people mean ? Do they mean writ* at a high 
rate of spee<l on one article, S'l that tbey can 
get to write it as a girl plays her only piece f 

Continuing, Mr. Chaffee explained his 
method of teaching. He uses the Graham 
system. When a pupil gets into the re- 
porting style a teacher gives him a lesion 
(the lessons are divided into several parts) 
lasting twenty-five minutes. Then half an 
hour is given for a pupil to read his notes, 
so he can read it as he would from a news- 
paper. Duri«g each forenoon and after- 
noon half an hour is devoted to penman- 
ship, and the student is expected to spend 
half an hour at typewriting besides what 
he gets in school hours. A pupil is re- 
quired to write a thing over and over 
again until he knows it well, and iu Mr, 
Chaffee's opinion that is the proper way 
to teach shorthand. To give a man new 
matter all the time is like trotting a horse 
all day on a hard road. 

Mr. Smith explained that his plan was 
similar to Mr. Chaffee's with unimportant 
differences. He preferred not to have the 
same matter read, and thought it well to 
have students read to one another. 

Miss Martin (to Mr. Smith).— Do you begin 
to dictate new matter as soon as the pupil has 
finished the principles of shorthand i 

Mr. Smith, — It would be easy matter. I 

, Packard. — How do you know that their 

teach shorthand that the characters be not too 
large or loo small. 

Mr. Packard.— Do you ever have students 
write on a blackboard i 

Mr. Smith.— No, I do not, 

Mr. Wilt.— Do you use double ruled paper i 

Mr. Smith.— Single ruled paper. 

Miss Brown. — We don't tell ihe students the 
speed they tire making. W*; dirtnU' perhaps 

^m'V ■ '-'i -'i _ '■ '■ n... !f -.y 1-tt. i .-mh- 

shorthand ami i 
Miss MartiiJ 

handing it in to l>e examined. After such ex- 
amination, wo transfer norrectiona into a book 
that is kept for that purpose. Wo require t 

(ire«i pupiU and we have Ave teachers, includ- 
ing typewriting. 

Mr. Camel). — Do you have any limit as to 
the size of the advanced elais. 

Mrs. Packard.— No. We often Iwgin with 
fifty in a class and are obliged to make (our 
classes of it, becai'so students make different 
degrees of progress. 

think ^ 

the ^111. 1 . M'l I I'.tlH'iii, The first 

lesson oih-i-t- ■! 111. -i^n~, lln- vuwtjU and the 
diphth.iii^- 1 Im 11 Ikiw 111. Ill write these signs 
from dii'tiiiMii, ;iiiil, .i- Mi' riiaffee says, have 
them dt. it .|in, kU ii.m, tho first. Then I 
have them writu wonls, and lot tbem write 
their names, the names oC thu city, county and 
State in which tboy live, and in that way you 
will have them interested in the first lesson. 

Mr. Hannun.— I iisimlly havi- iny students 
learn fbc> rniii|il,.|.' ;il|i|jaliri in fi-ii' ihey write 

words. [ .■.HI -■' 11- ;i.K nit'i.'i' in rtTitiOg 


would bi' -■! siii]iiiliil 111 lr;ii tun- ihi' ulphabet 
that It wniilii be a re-st for them to write 
wonLs. Our pupils learn the alpbaliet by 
using it. 

Matht-matieiann to the Front Again, 

,\fiiUi}tlie.ati<tn is Dexation, DivmOHiatmee 

The hrst real business of the afternoon 
session began with the School of Arith- 
metic, Mr. Hortonin the chair. The sub- 
ject for discussion was "How Do You 
Conduct Drill Classes to Secure Accuracy 
and Rapidity in Arithmetical Culcul- 

Mr. S, C. Williams led, detailing at 
length the methods employed in his class 
work at the Kochester University, 

Mr. Will told all about the short cuts 
and the devices used to get the best work 
out of boys at the Sadler College, Balti- 

Mr, Christie illustrated in detail a short 
cilt which he found of value and, when he 
had explained it at length, Mr, Sadler 
arose to remark dryly that the process 
was identical with one shown in his 
" Business Calculator," published a num- 
ber of years ago. 

Mr. Christie hadn't seen the "Calcu- 

Mr. Rider held the interest of the 
members with a lucid exposition of how 
arithmetical calculations are used to pro- 
mote the business efficiency of the young 
men and women in attendance at the 
Trenton Business College. The subject 
was further discussed by various other 

The mathematicians held over to Mon- 
day morning, when the discussion was led 
by Chairman Horton, who spoke of the 
methods of directing drill exercises in 
order to procure accuracy and rapidity in 
commercial calculations. 

"I bold," the speaker said, "that wc 
should have no system that will not benefit 
the slow people as well as the rapid peo- 
ple. We should endeavor to incite all 
to do more and better work." Then in a 
three minute talk he explained the systeni 
that he had found to meet the require- 
ments of the case most acceptably, 

Messrs, Sadler, Rider, Carnell and others 
participated in the discussion that fol- 

ttfvrlopinff tit* WrtHntl '• Babtt ** 

The penmen got under way again with 
chairman S, C. Williams at the head of the 

The subject of gymnastic movement 
exercises, to what extent valuable, was 
discussed by Mr. H. C. Spencer. After 
commenting on the domination of the 
physical system by the mind, Mr. Spencer 
directed the members present to consider 
themselves a class, and minutely directed 
them in the details of position, as if he 
were instructing them in his school room. 

"Put your chest up. That is the key 
note to proper position," The teacher 
then put the class through a series of physi- 
cal maneuvers, Dclsartean and otherwise. 
Coming to the exercises, he produced on 
the board twelve which he used in bis 
work and found to be all that were neces- 
sary. There was u dry touch of humor in 
the teacher's remark that if he had more 
time he could probably make some good 
writers of that class. It was a particularly 
vigorous exercise. 

Messrs. Wells, Brown, Wilt, Suavely 

and Christie gave their views briefly on 
the point of movement exercises, position 
end kindred subjecfs. Mr. Wells did not 
consider it necessary to cultivate any 
thumb and finger movement in writing, 
and asserted that the real power comes 
from the shonlder. Mr. Christie was in 
favor of larger muscular forms in practice 
than in regular writing. Mr. Spencer re- 
marked that position must be got in a 
school. It is impossible to get it in an 
office. He had a pupil rejected by a busi- 
ness man because the pupil insisted on cor- 
rect position. Mr. Fellon was quite sure 
that a teacher who did not attach great 
importance to this matter of position 
grossly neglected his duly. 

Mr. Mehan.— Ditto. There is no more ex- 
cuse for a teacher passing iucon-ect position 
than passini; misspelled words. 

Mr. RaudflU thought that writing could 
not be talked iuto a pupil. He had 
known teachers t« waste 20 of their 30 
minutes in talk. He believed that the 
teacher of bookkeeping should leach wiit- 
ing with the first document brought in by 
the pupil. Ordinary pupils from the pub- 
lic schools write capitals about three limes 
OS large as is required. His idea was that 
every commercial teacher should tak" a 
hand and be able to criticise. 

In the view of Mr. Rider there is such a 
thing as overdoing practice. The happy 
medium is what he advocated. He found 
no difficulty in talking to his pupils while 
they are at work, and often found it very 
helpful to do so to keep their minds occu- 

With respect of exercises Mr. Hannum 
had found that a goodly number will profit 
thereby ; others will not, and he has to at- 
tend to them personally. He takes their 
bands and arms and works them just as 
they should do themselves in writing. 

Eternal vigilance, according to Mr 
Loomis. is the price of good tuition— not- 
ing the little things. There should be 
good writers in all departments of a 
school. The peDmnn.ship prize in his 
school has oftencr been taken by the stu- 
dents of the bookkeeping department 
than by those of the special writing de- 

The time for the penmanship section 
having expired. President Felton resumed 
the chair and announced a paper on ' ' Com- 
mercial Teachei-s' Mental Attitude," by 
Mr. A. 8. Osborn. This was a carefiilly 
prepared essay on the moral aspect of the 
teacher's relation to the pupils. The 
primary qualifications for a teacher were, 
iu his opinion — first, character; second, 
culture. Secondary qualification, a knowl- 
edge of the subjftts printed after the 
teacher's name in iln i iii;iln-iir. Here are 
a few grains frtmi i K.i-i.i ; fhi 

Our work, lik.' ;-ii -|.. .i;,!! i.- i- in.iiued to be 
narrow. Let iiv m , i .ni. h. i i. t, l.iit guai"d 


the right place is l<> le cult in < ■\ 

Mr. Osborn spoke of ili. s, ,,., ii ^ ^m- 
tagonism by business collii;!-- ui litnaiv 
and classical instilutious. Ik huijul that 
no institution calling it-^elf a business col- 
lege would ever agiun be guilty of per- 
petrating such a folly as he had seen 
pictorially represented in catalogues. He 
referred particularly to a scene represent- 
ing a young man leaving a business col- 
lege and entering upon the road to wealth, 
while opposite was another with the di- 
ploma of a literary institute under his arm 
trudging along the path to penury. In 
conclusion he suggested that it would be 
ft good idea to appoint a committee to 
select twenty-five hooks that every business 
college should provide mid every business 
teacher read. 

Mr. Rider could not help taking issue 
with the previous speaker. "We are 
business educators," he said, *• and not iu 
tlie culture business Leave that to the 
Chiiuiauqua people." If any man called 

his school a " irlerk factory "' he would re- 
gard it as a very appropriate and compli- 
mentary definition. His business was to 
make good clerks and let them rise. 

Mr. Packard felt ceriain that Mr. Rider 
had misunderstood the paper just read, 
and took occasion to compliment Mr. Os- 
born warmly upon the sentiments that he 
had expressed. Thirty or forty years ago, 
he said, it would have been impossible to 
get a young man to prepare a paper of 
that kind, and it would have been just as 

impossible to find a convention of teachers 
that would listen to it. The progress to 
be made by business educators in this 
country is in the selection of right men to 
do the right work. 

Mr. Brown thought it unwise to lose 
sight of the fact that there are general and 
special educators — "and we are the spe- 

Mrs. Spencer took issue with the re- 
marks of Messre. Rider and Brown, She 
knew of a clerk in New York who drew 
|i25,000 salary, not because he could 
measure calico better than any one else, 
but because of the polish of his manner, 
because he was a gentleman. If there 
is any one thing that she did believe iu 
with all her heart it is to give the pupil 
all the culture possible. 

dared, with emphiisis that there could 
Ih; no such thing. He confessed to havhig 
beeu beguiled at one period of his life out 
of the straight and narrow path that he 
now follows by a very alluring scheme of